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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"


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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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GENEALOGY 
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1889 



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NEW-ENGLAND 



historical anb dtncakgical Register 






PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, BY THE 



UCeto'IiiiglanT) Sptstoric (genealogical ^octctg. 



FOR THE YEAR 1889. 



VOLUME XLIII. 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

PPvIxtfd by David Clapp & Sox. 

1839. 



* $3t>&&i 



Publishing Committee, 1889 : 

ALBERT H. HOYT, A.M. FRANCIS H. BROWN, M.D. 

HENRY H. EDES, JOHN T. HASSAM, A.M.. 

FRANK E. BPwADISH. A.B. 



Etlitor, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. A.M. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistorv43wate 



THE 



HISTORICAL IBP GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1889. 



MEMOIR OF THE REV. ELIAS XASOX, M.A. 

By William Blake Trasx, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

ELIAS jSASON, son of Levi and Sarah (Xewton) Nason, was 
born in Wrentham, Massachusetts, April 21, 1811. "In look- 
ing over the genealogical papers in oar old family Bible," he says, 
"I discover that I was introduced into this bright and beautiful 
world at two o'clock in the afternoon of the first Sunday after Easter." 
"The place of my birth was the southwestern chamber of an old 
farm house, situate about one mile east of the church and cluster of 
buildings, public and private, which form what is called the 'centre 
of the town/" In his Gazetteer of Massachusetts, under Wrentham, 
he writes : — " The village at the Centre has an air of neatness, 
affluence, and unpretending beauty." 

His father, born in Walpole, Massachusetts, in 1779, was, at the 
birth of Elias, and about one year subsequently, an occupant of a 
farm in Wrentham, having carried on the business of a farmer from 
the time of his marriage in 1809. On the 7th of May, 1812, he 
removed to Hopkinton. In company with Mr. O. Gilmore, he 
purchased of Samuel Day, of Wrentham, a large lot of primeval 
timber, standing on Saddle Hill. The son says : — 

They erected a dwelling house on the margin of Indian Brook, and 
occupied it for about two years, clearing up the forest, at the same time, 
and burning the timber into charcoal, or turning it into lumber at the saw- 
mill of Dr. John Wilson, near by. 

In this house the father remained until the month of May, 1815, 
Mr. Gilmore having previously removed to the State of Xew York. 

Elias attended school at the early age of three years, his first teach- 
er being Miss Ann Johnson. The alphabet was learned by him, as 
he was informed by his mother, in the first three weeks. A scar, 
received about that time, remained visible through life. When he 
was nearly four and a half years of age, occurred the noted gale of 
September 23, 1815. This he distinctly remembered. The house 
in which the family resided "creaked so dismally," that the mother 
vol. xliii. 2 



10 Memoir of Rev. Elias JWason. [Jan. 

took her son and a younger child, Eliza Edwards Xason, not quite 
two years of age, to another house in the neighborhood, where they 
formerly lived, then occupied by Mr. Sylvanus Johnson ; there they 
tarried until the storm had passed. The boy wore, as the writer of 
this memoir did,' at about the same age, n a red morrocco hat with 
its narrow rim buttoned up at the sides over the ear." He then 
went to a school kept by Susan Johnson. A favorite amusement 
with him, was to make himself serviceable, as a young lad might, at 
the saw-mill near his home, run by George Wilson. The next year, 
his father removed, with the family, to the house of the noted Rev. 
Nathanael Howe, minister of Hopkinton. He had. previously, en- 
gaged to carry on Mr. Howe's farm "at the halves." "That was 
called 'the cold year,' the frost appearing in every summer month, 
and cutting down the crops. While mowing, we are informed, the 
hay-maker saw the glittering ice on his scythe. The farmers sel- 
dom, if ever, had a more disastrous season, yet Mr. Xason "uncom- 
plainingly toiled on, and accepted with a cheerful heart the scanty 
share allotted to him." The son used to repeat the Assembly's Cate- 
chism to Mr. Howe, and to sit upon his knee while the latter sung, 
" Once I had a hobby horse," &c. " The most highly valued present," 
says Mr. Nason, in the memoir written by him, of Mr. H., "which 
the writer of this has ever received, is a Bible given him by the Rev. 
Mr. Howe as 'a reward of merit,' when a boy at school." Mr. 
Howe once took Elias to ride, and gave him a felt hat, " of which," 
he said, "I was sufficiently proud." In the summer, he went to a 
dame school, taught by Mary Farrar ; in the winter, David Eiske 
was his teacher. Perry's spelling book, in its rude form, as would 
be considered by children of the present day, was his reading book 
then, at school. Subsequently, he attended a private school, Rev. 
Mr. Stow the teacher. 

In the year 1817, his parents removed to the town of Medway, and 
there his father carried on the Harding farm, conditionally, as with 
Mr. Howe. The family attended the church of the Rev. Jacob Ide, 
D.D. Under the tuition of Polly Cutler and Eliza Brewer he 
made proficiency in his studies, and then learned some of the hymns 
of Dr. Watts, which he well remembered, particularly one com- 
mencing, " How can I sink with such a prop as my eternal God." 
His loved uncle, Elias,* on one of his visits to the family, gave his 
name-3ake half a dollar for speaking the well known piece, begin- 
ning, " You'd scarce expect one of my age to speak in public on the 
stage." These were among the embryo utterances of the young 



* Elias 4 Nason, half brother to Levi, 4 father of the Rev. Elias,* '* was one of the pioneers 
in the manufacture of straw, and also of cotton goods in Norfolk county, and had many 
people in his employment. For a long period he kept the village store and tavern, indi- 
cated by a golden ball. He was a justice of the peace, and held many town and county 
offices. He also represented the town in the General Court. Few men in that section of 
the State were better known, or more highly esteemed than ' Squire Nason,' as he was gen- 
erally called. In his disposition he was mild, and in his manners courteous and obliging. 
His rule was to speak well of every one, and as a consequence almost every one spoke well 



1889.] Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason, 11 

orator, who in after Jays spoke with so much eloquence and power 
in the lecture-room, pulpit, and the general assembly of the people. 
The chief school books of this period were, the Testament, and "The 
Art of Heading, " probably by Daniel Staniford. Calvin Fairbanks 
was the teacher, and Simeon Cutler his rival. Elias "sat on the low 
6eat in front." 

The family on the 1st of April, 1818, took up their abode at the 
celebrated Sir Charles Henry Frankland place, in that part of Hop- 
kinton now called Ashland. The estate originally contained upwards 
of 100 acres of land. In his preface to the Life of Frankland, 
Mr. Nason says : — 

It was my fortune to spend several of the happiest years of my boy- 
hood at the Frankland Place, in Hopkinton, Massachusetts; to see some 
few of the fast-fading memorials of Sir Charles Henry and Lady Agnes 
Frankland ; to gather fruits and flowers from the trees and shrubberies 
which they had planted, and especially to hear from the lips of Mrs. Mary 
Hildreth, — a lady of unusual force of mind, whose former husband, Dr. T. 
Shepherd, received the place from Mrs. Swain, as early as 1793, — the Rev. 
Nathanael Howe, Matthew Metcalf, Esq., Gilbert. Dench Wilson, and others 
who had been well acquainted with a brother and sister of Lady Frank- 
land, or their children, the romantic story of the visit to Marblehead, the 
rescue of the knight by Agnes Surriage from death at Lisbon, and other 
incidents connected with their eventful life at Hopkinton and Boston. At 
that period, indeed, some of the negro servants of Mrs. Swain, a sister of 
Lady Frankland, were still living, and a few aged persons, as Madam Eliza- 
beth Price, who could well remember Sir Harry himself. 

These remarkable stories, associated, as they were, with the old mansion 
and the wild and picturesque domain once occupied by the Indians, made a 
vivid impression upon my imagination, and I afterwards determined to 
verify them as opportunity might occur, and commit them to writing. In 
doing this, I have examined many manuscript and printed pages, and files 
of colonial newspapers ; I have fallen unexpectedly upon Sir Henry's Journal, 
■ — written in his own hand and covering a period of about thirteen years, — 
and have also received assistance and letters of encouragement from many 
different individuals. 

The old mansion house was burned Jan. 23, 1858. A new 
house, similar in form, size and style, and on the same site, was 
at once erected. 

While in Hopkinton, straw braiding seems to have been an em- 
ployment in which he was partially engaged, the "stint" being six 

of him. To a young man who asked him for the secret of his success in business, he laconi- 
cally replied, ' Work, work, work.' That young man, now grown old, attributes his good 
fortune to that secret." 

^ Elias* Nason, born in Walpole, Dec. 24, 1768, son of Thomas 5 by his first wife Jemima 
Clark, of Foxboroucrh, m. Lois Richardson, in December, 1792, by whom he had one 
daughter, and three sons. He m. 2d, in October, 1824, Susanna" Keith, by whom he 
had two sons, and a daushter. He died at Easthampton, Oct. 2, 18-53, aged 85 years. 
His wife Susanna died at Foxborough, March 14, 1840. aged 40 years. A distinguished son 
of the latter, Professor Henry Bradford Nason, now iivin^r, was born in Foxboroiigh, Mass., 
June 22, 1831. He is Professor of Chemistry and Natural Science in Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute, Troy, New York. M An eminent writer has said of him: 4 He is in my opinion 
one of the most competent scientific instructors of our councry.' " A biographical sketch 
of Prof. Nason, written bv his cousin Elias, the subject of this memoir, is inserted, with a 
portrait, in " The Popular Science Monthly " for March, 1888, pages 694-696. 



12 Memoir of Rev. EJias Nason. [Jan. 

yards per day. His ears were filled with weird stories of apparitions, 
seen on the old place, at night. These romantic tales sensibly affect- 
ed him. "I was wont," he says, "in going through dark places, 
after night-fall, to whistle as I went, to keep my courage up." At 
school he was extremely bashful, and could hardly arise from his 
seat to read or recite, without showing considerable emotion, such 
as "smiling or blushing or laughing outright." "In those days 
money was money ; a shilling was as much for the pocket of a boy, 
as a dollar at the present time, yet the little he then obtained he gen- 
erally invested in good books, found at the country store." " Scott's 
Lessons," the book used by him at school, "I have always esteemed," 
he says, "as one of the best reading books for schools." "One of 
the books," he continues, " that amused my youthful fancy, was 'Betty 
Bark,' which my mother bought for me at Xehemiah Howe's store." 
Scott's novels were early, and later in life, among his favorites. He 
was familiar with the sayings and doings of Rob Roy, Old Mortality, 
Rebecca the Jewess, and others. The Lady of the Lake and Mar- 
mion were hi3 delight. Thomson, Goldsmith, Addison, were among 
the preceptors, so to speak, of his childhood, and good old practical 
Benjamin Franklin, an instructor. When nearly threescore years of 
age he writes, that "his favorite authors are Virgil, Cicero, Dante, 
Racine, Milton, Addison, Cowper, White of Selborne, Goethe, 
Goldsmith and Walter Scott ; his beloved religious writings, Thomas 
k Kempis, George Herbert, Blaise Pascal, Fen^lon, Bishop Butler, 
Dr. Doddridge, and Dr. Wayland." 

In 1821, he attended the school taught by Daniel Eames. He 
subsequently assisted Jesse Eames, who was a tinker and a nursery- 
man, and their landlord, in blowing his bellows, picking fruit, es- 
pecially currants, of which he raised large quantities, and assisting 
him in their sale at countrv musters and other gatherings. He used 
to walk to meeting at Hopkinton, as he jocosely remarked, if he 
"could get anything to wear." He spent much time in " making 
wheels and dams," catching rabbits and partridges in snares, laying 
in large stores of nuts for winter use, burning coal in summer, and 
devoting himself to his studies, in school, the opposite season of the 
year. " Of his early teachers," he says, " Gilbert Dench Wilson, 
Col. Abijah Ellis and Daniel Eames exercised the most salutary 
influence over his mind." 

On the first of April, 1826, being near 15 years of age, he went 
to live with David Bigelow and Co., of Framingham, to learn the 
art of making paper. William Parkhurst was his teacher that win- 
ter. Here he studied Colburn's Arithmetic, as he says, " with my 
future wife. I was amove caputs during that school term." 

On the 4th of September, 1828, at the age of seventeen, he came 
to Boston, for the first time in his life. He walked to the State 
House, visited the markets and wharves, "bought a chemistry," <&c, 
but remained in the city only one night. Soon after this, he entered 



1889.] Memoir of Rev. Ellas Nason. 13 

Wrentham Academy, then under the charge of Mr. Isaac Perking, 
studied grammar, chemistry, and Blair's rhetoric. "I read Robert 
Burns," he says, " with exquisite delight." This was his first entrance 
into an academy, "and the word seemed very large indeed." He now 
saw that he "could take position only by study." In the following 
November, he returned to the paper mill, carrying on his studies as 
he had opportunity, learning latin nouns and verbs while he was 
laying over the sheets of paper. His musical proclivities, which he 
seems to have inherited from his parents, now became developed. 
He performed on the violin, and wrote sheet music. While engaged 
in manual labor, he was striving, also, to elevate his mind. His 
mother, a kind and thoughtful woman, greatly encouraged him in 
these laudable endeavors. In September, 1829, he went to the Aca- 
demy at Marlborough, under the charge of Mr. Amos Dean Wheeler 

' — afterwards Rev. Dr. Wheeler, Unitarian minister, at Topshara, 

Me., — where he "began to read Virgilius Maro." He studied very 
hard, as he had agreed to "keep the school" at Framingham Com- 
mon the ensuing winter. Commencing in the month of December, 
he taught until the spring of 1830, when he made up his mind to 
enter College. At Amherst, in the following June, he began the 
Study of Greek and Latin under Mr. Chauncey Colton, — subse- 
quently, Rev. Dr. Colton, of the Episcopal Church (see Register, 
xxxi. 436), — reciting to Mr. Justin Perkins, since Dr. Perkins, of 

/ • Nestoria. 

March 1, 1830, he writes, "Begin to keep a Diary of my life. 
Am now in the employ of Mr. Bigelow, having $12.00 per month 
and board for tending the engine." This Diary was kept, almost 
without the intermission of a day, till near the close of his last sick- 
ness. He also, with the aid of his parents and Others, extended it 
backward to cover quite fully his earlier days ; so that its first entry, 
bearing date April 21, 1811, reads, "I am born this day." 

Mr. Nason was admitted to the freshman class in Brown University, 
Providence, R. I., October 6, 1831. Like many other students, some 
of whom eventually attained a high reputation, he taught school, 
while in College, in the winter season. He was a teacher in the 
towns of Hopkinton, Framingham, East Briclgewater and other 
places. Doubtless there are those now living who can testify to 
his carefulness and accuracy as an instructor, and to the true and 
ardent interest he took, personally, in their welfare. Among those 
with whom he was intimate, in college, he has mentioned the names 
of Leonard Bliss, subsequently author of the History of Rehoboth, 
Chapin, Everett, and Clarke. A surviving class-mate, ex-president 
Justin R. Loomis, of the University at Lewisburgh, Pa., now 
" Bucknell University," writes : — 

The lapse of more than half a century has obscured the memory of many 
things, and the minutia of much that must have been fresh for many years. 
I first became acquainted with Mr. Nason when we were class-mates 
TOL. XLITI. 2* 



14 Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. [Jan. 

at Brown, in 1831, and have known very little of him 6ince 1835. I did 
know him as a college class-mate, and loved and honored him. I have 
reason to believe that his development occurred gradually, as he advanced 
in his life-work. But few of us are left, and soon there will be none. 

The Greek language seems to have been a favorite study of our 
friend, while In College, in which, it is noted, he always had the mark 
of "excellent." The French and Italian languages, with which he 
was afterwards so fluent, occupied a portion of his studies at thi3 time. 
He filled up his leisure by lecturing in Hopkinton and other places in 
the neighborhood, and for recreation read the English Classics and 
fingered the violin. Immediately after graduating, we find him teach- 
ing school in the pleasant town of Lancaster, Mass. ■! In respect to 
scenic beauty," he writes, "Lancaster stands preeminent among the 
towns in Worcester County." He was elected principal of the Cam- 
bridge Latin Grammar School, in September, 1635, but soon resigned 
this position to travel South, and in February, 1836, left Boston, in 
the Brig Cervantes, bound for Charleston, South Carolina. Receiving 
letters and recommendations from his relative and friend, Dr. John E. 
Holbrook, a distinguished naturalist, then residing in Charleston, he 
soon lectured before Southern audiences on the Southern flora, hav- 
ing turned his attention immediately after reaching that section of 
our country, in an especial manner, to his botanical studies. On the 
28th of November, 1836, he was married, in Augusta, Georgia, by 
the Rev. Stephen G. Bullfinch, to Myra Anne Bigelow, daughter of 
John and Eliza (Follansbee) Bigelow, of Framingham. The mar- 
riage ceremony took place at the house of Dr. Bo wen. The next 
year he became editor and proprietor of the " Georgia Courier," a 
daily paper, published in Augusta, the capital of the State. He 
was made principal of the Academy at Waynesboro', Georgia, the 
seat of justice of Burke ccunty, incorporated as a town in 1812. 
He began at this time his study of Hebrew and Theology under the 
Rev. Timothy M. Dwight. On the second day of November, 1839, 
he was admitted to the church. While in the South, as ever after, Mr. 
Nason was in sympathy with the colored people. His life was threat- 
ened, more than once, for acting as their defender. His sensibilities 
were shocked, to a great degree, on one occasion, as he witnessed a 
horrible sight, the hanging of a negro woman, which he describes in 
his journal. 

Mr. Nason had time to pursue, to some extent, while at Waynes- 
boro*, his botanic researches. Books were a rarity in that region. 
He borrowed and read such as he could obtain, and did what perhaps 
few, if any, would have done even in such a straitened supply of 
literature, he "read entirely through, article by article, the original 
edition of the celebrated French Encyclopedia, by Diderot and his 
friends." 

In the spring of 1840, Mr. N. came to the Nortii, and settled im 
Newburyport. In the month of August, of that year, he began 



1889.] Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. 15 

teaching. He lectured at intervals, on the Southern flora, and on 
Georgia, and. kept up, for a while, his correspondence with the paper 
in Augusta. lie soon after became principal of the High School 
in Newburyport, and later was elected principal of the Latin School 
in that town. While there he studied theology, edited a paper called 
"The Watch Tower," and in conjunction with his brother William 
Warren Nason, druggist, now of Great Falls, X. IL, opened a book 
store in the place. His musical talents were not allowed to remain 
inactive. The harmonious sounds were more thoroughly cultivated 
and developed, causing him to be a still greater proficient, in this, 
one of his favorite and most agreeable studies. At the same time, 
he acquired a good degree of knowledge of the German, Spanish 
and Syriac languages, besides contributing various articles to the 
magazines and periodicals, and lecturing on a variety of subjects 
before lyceurcs. In January, 1849, he was engaged to conduct the 
music at the Old South Church, in Newburyport, at a salary of 205 
dollars per annum. In July, of the same year, he received from the 
Essex i> T orth Association, a license to preach, taking lessons in ora- 
tory of Prof. Henry Mandeville, having, prior to this, lectured 
on the history of the French revolution. The Rev. Dr. Dimmick, 
of Newburyport, invited him to preach in his pulpit in the month of 
August, 1849, which exercise he engaged in, he says, K with fear and 
trembling." He removed to Mil ford, Massachusetts, the following 
season, and was there chosen principal of the High School. Novem- 
ber 4, 1851, he failed of an election to the Mastership of the Boston 
Latin School, by two votes, Mr. Francis Gardner the successful 
candidate receiving thirteen votes, and Mr. Nason eleven. He was 
ordained minister of the Congregational Church in Natick, Massa- 
chusetts, May 5, 1852, the Rev. Leonard Withington, D.D., of 
Newburyport, preaching the ordination sermon. Mr. M. V. B. 
Bartlett, a member of this church, now a resident of South Natick, 
thought Mr. Nason a very godly man, one that he "loved as pastor 
and friend." He says : — 

I shall never forget the sermon he preached from the text — "Him 
that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out," for, under God, it was the 
means of my conversion. At another time, during the early part of our late 
war, he preached from the text — "I am for peace." This was a powerful 
sermon, and it is said did more than any thing else to fill the Natick quota 
of soldiers. He seemed to be at the front, in all good work3, and his 
memory to me is always blessed. 

During his pastorate in Natick, the Hon. Henry Wilson was one 
of his parishioners and constant hearers, and then, and ever after, 
was an intimate and cordial friend. Willard A. Wight, Esq., of 
Natick, treasurer of the Society, writes of Mr. Nason : — 

I esteemed him as an upright, honest, christian man, of good common 
Sense, fertile imagination, and a warm sympathizing heart. He was a close 
observer of men and thiugs, and he used his knowledge skilfully in his inter- 



16 Memoir of Rev. Elias JVason. [J 



an. 



course with the people. His sermons, delivered with a deep, musical voice, 
were listened to with attention and general approbation, for they had clear 
arrangement and forcible illustrations. He occasionally preached to the 
children, and very successfully. Soon after he settled among us, the meet- 
ing-house being too small to accommodate the increasing numbers, a new 
and commodious house was built, at a cost of $28,000, and pews were sold 
to the value of upwards of $20,000, showing the unity and outward pros- 
perity of the Parish. The weekly prayer meeting, which he called ki the 
brook by the way," greatly refreshed and strengthened the growing church, 
into which one hundred and twenty members were received during his six 
years stay with us. The Sabbath school was to him as a beautiful flower 
garden and nursery, the hope of the future church. The children were 
strongly attached to him, for they felt that he loved them. 

In 1856, while in Natick, Mr. Nason changed his relationship to 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society, of which he had 
been made a corresponding member in 1847, to that of a resident 
member. He became a life member in 1867, and was on the Pub- 
lishing Committee of the Society from 1861 to 1864, and from 
1865 to 1868. He was a member of the American Antiquarian 
Society, and a corresponding member of the New York Historical 
Society. Probably his name may be found on the rolls of other 
learned societies. 

In the fall of 1858, he accepted a call from the Mystic Church, in 
Medford, Mass., "a church that receives its name, not from its 
doctrines, but from the river that flows through the town." He was 
installed as pastor, the vote of the church being unanimous, Novem- 
ber 10th of that year, succeeding the Rev. Dr. Jacob M. Manning, 
who became junior pastor of the Old South Church in Boston. Mr. 
Nason continued, with great acceptance, minister of the Church in 
Medford, till Oct. 17, 1860, when he tendered his resignation. The 
church voted, reluctantly, to accede to Mr. Nason's request. Their 
action was ratified by a Council, held Nov. 19th. Deacon Charles 
Cummings, a member of Mr. Nason's church, says : — 

He was considered by his people in Medford, as an active, discreet, and 
efficient pastor, a genial and sympathetic friend, and a citizen most philan- 
thropic and valuable. The whole community felt the loss. Even the 
children, whose guardian he had become by appointment on the School 
Committee, and whom his wit, humor and practical advice had so often 
enlivened and encouraged, participated in the disappointment. -Mr. Nason 
walked the streets and the fields with open eyes, and often made happy use 
of his observations. Instance the following:. Entering; the vestrv for his 
weekly lecture, after a ramble in which he had witnessed the flight of some 
thistle seed, he made that flight the basis of his discourse, with admirable 
effect. Up to the very last, Mr. Nason was most affectionately remembered by 
those who knew him in Medford, and it was ever an assurance of a very large 
audience when he could be secured to preach or lecture in the Mystic pulpit. 

In the spring of 1861, Mr. Nason settled in Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire, where he continued to officiate until the spring of 1865. Mr. 
Charles Marseilles writes : — 



1889.] Memoir of Rev. Elias JVason. 17 

I am told that, daring the late war, he was the most active and patriotic 
citizen of Exeter in lookiug after the needs and necessities of women and 
children whose husbands and fathers were absent on the tented field in the 
service of their country. 

His " Brief Record of Current Events in Exeter, X. II., during 
the year 1863," number three, contains much valuable information, 
as did also the two preceding numbers of the series. " This little 
pamphlet," the preface states, "gives a complete list of all the soldiers' 
names, regiments, companies, wounded, dead, discharged, and the 
names of those who paid commutation money, furnished substitutes 
or went into the army under the last draft." 

In 1862, while a resident, and minister in Exeter, Mr. Nason 
kindly consented to have the charge of one number of the New Eng- 
land Historical and Genealogical Register for that year. The four 
numbers were edited, in order, by the writer of this memoir, Rev. 
Mr. Nason, the Hon. Charles Hudson, and Mr. John Ward Dean. 
In 1866, and again in 1867, Mr. Nason edited the two entire 
volumes. 

In the spring of 1865, immediately after leaving Exeter, he pur- 
chased a farm of forty-five acres in. North Billerica, Massachusetts, 
and took up his abode there in June, 1865. This movement w r as 
in accordance with a life-long wish. The farm, being much of it 
woodland, bordering on the old Middlesex Canal, was subsequently 
augmented, by purchase, to about 50 acres. Here in his beautiful 
homestead, which he appropriately named " Brightside," he spent the 
residue of his days, working on his farm, holding pastorates in Dracut 
and Lowell, and supplying pulpits for brief periods in Danielsonville, 
Connecticut, and other places, lecturing and writing, corresponding 
w r ith his friends, and enjoying his books, a greater part of the time, 
for the more than a score of years remaining to him. His son 
William says : — 

His recreation was to work on his farm and in his garden, for in the 
true sense of the word he was a naturalist, and never lost his enthusiasm 
for the country. He ascribed his good health to change and variety in 
labor, and it was his delight to be at work, either in his study or garden, 
continually. His work, whatever the direction, was most emphatically the 
expression of his belief. Although, among the hundreds set out by his 
own hands, many a tree or shrub remained in life but a single season to grace 
the wayside, this, to him, was no discouragement. His principle was " to 
keep right on putting them in," for the cost, he said, was slight, and even 
if but a few lived to grow up, this would be ample compensation. And so, 
with each spring's return, he was wont to renew his efforts, and persevering 
to the last, only a few days before his death he insisted on observing 
" Arbor Day " by calling together the members of his family and directing 
them from his seat on the veranda how and where to place a number of 
shrubs and evergreens gathered from the woods he loved to call his own. 

As an episode in his intensely busy life, every moment of whose 
time, during waking hours, until his last sickness, seems to have 



18 Memoir of Rev, Elias Nason. [Jan. 

been almost literally occupied, may be mentioned the great interest 
he took in the famous gathering of the Howe family, at Harmony 
Grove, in South Framingham, on Thursday, August 31, 1871. He 
not only contributed by his presence and influence, and the interest 
he felt on the occasion, to make this meeting of the clan a success, 
but also, by previous researches into the genealogy and history of the 
race, and the publication, after, of a terse and faithful account of the 
re-union, laid the family under lasting obligations to him for his 
fidelity, industry and good will. The motto chosen for the pam- 
phlet was significant and appropriate : — " Behold how good and how 
pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." 

In August, 1874, Mr. Xason went to Europe, remaining fourteen 
months. He visited England, France, Italy and Switzerland, 
perfecting himself more particularly in the French and Italian lan- 
guages, and obtaining much valuable information. His contribu- 
tions to the papers from these sources were interesting and in- 
structive. The ideas he gathered, in a special manner, of Italian 
life, the manners and customs of the country, and his observations 
and study of the traits and peculiarities of the inhabitants, were of 
manifold benefit to him, and through him to others. Their works of 
art, and the classic atmosphere continually surrounding him, were 
highly suggestive to his cultivated and appreciative mind. There is 
every reason to suppose that he enjoyed this tour, exceedingly, and 
that the thoughts and sentiments entertained by him in regard to the 
eights and people he had witnessed, permeated long after, and ever, 
his lectures, sermons and conversations. In a letter lying before me, 
received from him, dated Florence, Italy, July 29, 1875, 10 o'clock 
A.M., he writes :■— 

I am ' very much pleased with Florence. It is the paradise of Italy. 
In itself it is a cabinet of art, and works of the great masters meet your 
eye at every turning. 

He was less pleased with Rome, Naples, Bologna, and Venice. 
But he adds :• — 

Florence is intelligent, artistic, beautiful. The situation is charming. It 
lies in Valdarno, with picturesque hills, among which is Galileo's dear 
Fiesole, surrounding it. My room is near the Duomo, and Giotto's Tower, 
a marvel of beauty. I shall not visit all the world. I prefer to study 
a few countries, a3 Italy, Switzerland, France, England and Scotland, 
thoroughly. 

In 1877 he edited, in Boston, a paper published monthly, called 
"Home and Abroad," "devoted to the interests of the family circle 
and to affairs of the literary, scientific and art world in general." 
The first number contains an article from his facile pen, on " Ascend- 
ing Mt. Vesuvius," and a translation by him, from the French of 
Emile Souvestre. Succeeding numbers had also original articles of 
interest and merit. 

It seems to have been the desire and purpose of Mr. Nason, on 



1889.] Memoir of TZev. Elias ITa son. 19 

his return home, to free himself from all pastoral duties and devote 
his time and attention to his books, of which he was passionately fond, 
his literary compositions and lectures ; but he was soon invited to 
take charge of the Pawtucket Church in Lowell, and later, was called 
to the Centre Church in Dracut. He continued to labor in and for 
these two churches until 1885, and ministered in the latter, even, 
until his sickness, the last of January, 1886. On the 29th of that 
month he was taken suddenly ill, with stoppage in the bowels, fol- 
lowed by other complaints of a serious character, which brought him 
into a low and critical condition, -' so that nothing," he writes, " but 
the most exquisite medical skill, and the Great One above, carried 
me through." From this state he gradually rallied, preached oc- 
casionally, and devoted himself in a partial degree to literary work. 
In the last letter the writer of this received from him, dated July 
10, 1886, he says:— 

It makes my fingers tingle, my heart also, to get hold of- my beloved 
books again. I want to devour them all at once. I do read a little in Greek 
(Homer), Latin (Cicero), French (Renan), Italian (Pellico), English 
(Turner's Sacred History, Vol. I.), every day. I also write a little on the 
Nason Family, which I hope to bring out (0 how imperfectly it must be!) 
this coming autumn. 

On the 29th of November, following, his golden wedding anni- 
versary took place, at the homestead. There was a large attendance 
of relatives and friends. His three brothers and four sisters were 
welcomed by him. Meeting together, as they did, an unbroken 
family chain, for the first time in their lives since they had grown up 
and separated, the scene was highly interesting and impressive. The 
literary exercises, in charge of his son. the Eev. Charles P. H. Nason, 
then of Chelsea, were — reading the one hundredth psalm, prayer by 
Rev. Mr. Wilson, of Billerica, and the singing of a hymn, set to 
music, both of which were original, conducted by Professor Edward 
S. Nason, of Worcester, and his family. Poems and letters from 
absent friends, including one from the poet John G. Whittier, were 
read, and a matrimonial song sung, composed by the honored host 
himself. These were followed by words of tender reminiscence from 
Prof. Henry B. Nason, of Troy, N. Y., representing the immediate 
kindred, by the presentation of gifts, the reading of a poem, and 
other addresses. Mr. Nason being too feeble to respond, it was 
done, in a fitting manner, by his son Charles. The congratulations 
of the party were quietly extended to the worthy couple, and the 
exercises of the occasion appropriately closed. 

Mr. Nason died at " Brightside," his home, in North Billerica, 
June 17, 1887. The Rev. Frederick A. Wilson, of Billerica, offici- 
ated at the funeral. An informal memorial service, commemorative 
of the life and labors of Mr. Nason, was held in the Central Church 
in Dracut, Sunday evening, June 26. Many personal friends from 
Lowell, Dracut and the neighborhood, desirous of paying their last 



20 Memoir of Rev. Elias JVason. [Jan. 

tribute of affection and respect to their departed minister, assembled 
in the place where he had so often addressed them. On the right of 
the desk, appropriately enwreathed with smilax, evergreen and 
daisies, was a tablet, with these words in white letters, "Blessed are 
the dead." Over this was suspended a white dove, and in front of 
the pulpit was a photograph of Mr. Nason. Suitable remarks were 
made by Mr. A. T. Richardson, Rev. Mr. Haskell, Mr. J. J. Jud- 
kins, Deacons Coburn, Simonds and Boynton ; reading of the script- 
ures and remarks by Rev. William W. Nason, with prayers by Mr. 
Judkins and Deacon Pray. A eulogy on Mr. Nason was read by 
Col. Robert B. Caverly, of Lowell, closing with appropriate verses, 
composed after a visit to the place of his friend's burial. Some of 
the favorite hymns and tunes of the deceased were rendered by the 
choir, such as "Louvan," "Stockwell" and r ' Selvin." Mr. Nason's 
own hymn, "Jesus only," was sung, with good effect. 

Feeling testimony was borne to the fidelity and kindness of Mr. 
Nason, during the fourteen years of his pastorate there, and the eight 
or nine years of his labors with the Pawtucket Church at Lowell, to 
his character as a Christian, his popularity as a preacher and lecturer, 
his influence as a scholar, with affectionate remembrance of him as 
a friend and helper. 

Mr. Judkins " spoke of the little things that sometimes turn the tide 
in the affairs of men. In Mr. Nason's case it was only the matter" 
of two votes that kept him "from going to Boston Latin school, 
where he might have spent his life as an unknown pedagogue. 
Thus he was saved to the grander work he has accomplished as 
preacher, hymnologist, lecturer and scientist." 

Mr. Nason had given much attention to the genealogy of his family, 
but never satisfied himself entirely as to its early origin. He says : 

It is certain that the Nason family, though not numerous, was in Eng- 
land in the loth century, and that Richard Nason, from Rainsford Island, 
England, was one of the founders of Buttery, Me. Mr. Caldwell stares, 
that Joseph, John and Benjamin, brothers of Richard, also settled in Kittery, 
which then embraced South Berwick, in which locality the Nasons had their 
home, and to them may be traced the lineage of most of the large and 
respectable Nason family now spread over New England, and to some extent 
over the United States. It is with sincere regret that I find myself unable 
to discover any connexion between the Nasons of Kittery, South Berwick, 
and those of Ipswich, Mass., from whom I am descended. It is not improba- 
ble, however, that more extensive researches may show an alliance between 
the two families. The proximity of Kittery to Ipswich, and similarity in the 
Christian names of the two families, would seem to indicate a common origin; 
yet, the tradition in our family is, that TTilloughby Nason was the first one 
of my ancestors who came to New England; and this was more than half 
a century after the arrival of Richard Nason and brothers in Kittery, Me. 
But who and whence was this Willoughby Nason?* On the Records of 

• The name of " Capt. Neason " appears in the year 1C33 among the early inhabitants 
of Barbadoes "who then possessed more than ten Acres of Land." See Rsgisteb, 
xxxix. 138. 



- » 



1889.] Memoir of llev. Elias A T ason. 21 

the Second Church in Boston, Dr. Increase and Dr. Cotton Mather being 
joint pastors, we are informed that "Willoughby Nee'son was admitted to 
the church Nov. 29, 1691." (See History of the Second Church, by Rev. 
Chandler Robbins, D.D., page 2GG.) Of this Willoughby Neeson I can 
find nothing more recorded; but I am inclined to the belief, from the identi- 
ty of the Christian name Willoiighoy, which has ever been kept in our 
family, that this disciple of the Mathers removed to Ipswich, prior to 1712, 
and is the same Willoughby Nason from whom our family is descended. 
But this is mere conjecture. Of a certainty Willoughby and his wife, Ruth 
Nason, were settled in Ipswich as early as 1712, and there had a family, 
from one member of which our family is directly descended. This Wil- 
loughby Nason was by trade a stone mason, and with his wife an attendant 
on the ministry of the Rev. John Rogers, pastor of the first church, where 
their children were baptized. Of Willoughby and Ruth Nason little is 
known, save that they lived aud died in Ipswich, left a respectable family, 
and were Christians, which, in one sense, is the most honorable title any 
mortal man can bear. 



"Willoughby Nason had also a wife Esther, who survived him. 
Sbe administered on his estate, Jan. 12, 1724-5. The issue by one 
or both of these wives, were, sons Thomas, Robert, Willoughby and 
Anthony, and daughters Esther, Elizabeth, Martha and Mary. 
Thomas 2 Nason, son of Willoughby and Ruth Nason, married, prior 
to 1730, Sarah Perkins, of Ipswich, by whom he had seven child- 
*J ren, — Thomas 3 (grandfather to Elias 5 ), Margaret, 3 Sarah, 3 Sarah,* 

Nathaniel, 3 Abigail, 3 Margaret. 3 He removed with his family, prior 
to 1740, to the town of Walpole, Mass.,, incorporated in 1724, 
where his wife Sarah died Aug. 10, 1748, and in 1749 (date of 
publishment May 27, 1749) he married Mary Campernell, of Ip- 
swich, by whom he had two children, Willoughby 3 and Mary. 5 
Mary (Campernell) Nason died in Walpole, March 1, 1768. 

Thomas, 3 son of Thomas, 2 and grandson of Willoughby 1 Nason, 
of Ipswich, was baptized April 29, 1739. He married 1st, Jemima 
Clark, of Foxborough, who died Dec. 8, 1770 ; 2d, m. May 13, 1773, 
Sarah Worsley, of Walpole, Mass., who died of consumption, in 
Walpole, about the year 1785. Children by Jemima were, John,* 
Ziba, 4 William, 4 Elias. 4 Children by Sarah, the second wife, were, 
Lucy, 4 Willard, 4 died young; Levi 4 (father of Eev. Elias 5 ); 
Fanny. 4 

Levi, 4 son of Thomas 3 , and Sarah (Worsley) Nason, born in 
Walpole, Mass., March 25, 1779 ; m. Sarah, dau. of Benjamin and 
Mary (Holbrook) Newton, Nov. 23, 1809. He died at Great Falls, 
N. II., March 11, 1854, at the residence of their son William W. 
ftason. They left eight children, four sons and four daughters, all 
living with the exception of Elias, and all members of the Congre- 
gational Church. Their names : — Elias, 5 Eliza Edwards 5 (Bates), 
Mary Holbrook 5 (Footman), William Warren, 5 Edward Shepard,* 
Pamela Ann (Searle, Kinney), Charles, and Susan Arabella 
(Dearborn). 

vol. xmi. 3 



i 



22 Memoir of JRev. Elias JSFason. [Jan. 

In a sketch of his father, Mr. Nason says, that : — 

He was left an orphan and brought up by Mr. David Fales, a farmer of 
Wrentham, till he reached the age ot 1G years, when he went to live with 
Mr. Jeremiah Mann. Here be remained laboring on the place a little more 
than two years, after which he took charge of the homestead of Mrs. Je- 
rusha Norton, until 1809." After marriage, he " hired a farm of Mr. 
Nathan Hawes about a mile easterly from Wrentham Centre." On arriv- 
ing at a proper age he became a member and trumpeter of a company of 
cavalry, and was present as a guard at the execution of Jason Fairbanks, at 
Dedham, September 10, 1801, for the murder of Elizabeth Fales. In the 
war of 1812, Mr. Nason ''was sergeant in the company of Capt. Moses 
Phipps, and one of the two men drafted from it for the service, the other 
being Mr. Michael Homer. Mr. Nason hired a substitute, but was himself 
sometime engaged in teaming ammunition to Lake Charaplain, and return- 
ing to Boston with a load of flour. At one place on the route his clothes 
were stolen, and as cotton cloth was then one dollar per yard, the loss to 
him was serious. In carrying on the Frankland farm, at Hopkinton, he 
worked, as elsewhere, faithfully and industriously. The soil was product- 
ive, but potatoes then brought only 12 cents per bushel, aud butter only 
the same per pound, so that it demanded unremitting industry and close 
economy to make the ends of the year meet. Still he managed to maintain 
his growing family and to keep out of debt. On leaving the Frankland 
place, January 20, 1822, he removed to the house of Jesse Eames. near 
by, and assisted him in his horticultural affairs. After subsequent removals, 
on the first of April, 1&44, he went to reside at Newbury port, where most of 
his children were then living. Finally, he took up his abode at Great 
Falls, N. H., as before meutioned. Personally, Mr. Levi Nason was 
well built, robust and strong. In height he was about five feet, ten inches, 
and in weight about one hundred aud sixty pounds. He had brown hair, 
gray blue eyes, and prominent but symmetrical features. Though his 
education was limited, he spoke with ease and correctness. He was strictly 
honest in all his dealings, his motto being " Owe no man any thing but 
love." He was an excellent farmer, doing his work orderly, seasonably, 
and well, and keeping every thing in its proper place, and in readiuess 
for service. He loved his garden, and none ever excelled him in raising 
culinary vegetables or in the neatness of the alleys and the beds of the kitch- 
en garden. The plants all seemed to know him and to grow just as fast as 
they could on purpose to please him. He was especially careful as to the 
preservation of the farm and garden seeds, and therefore seldom disap- 
pointed as to their kind and germination. Of weeds he was a mortal enemy ; 
to kill them he rose early. As good old Izaak Walton, he was very fond of 
the rod and line. He seldom left his favorite haunts on and near Sudbury 
River, the romantic falls on Indian Brook, the alder-covered pools of Cold 
Spring Brook, and other streams of Ashland, where he resorted, without 
something handsome for a piscatorial dinner. 

Mr. Nason had a very fine ear for music, and a rich, clear and melodious 
voice. He was very fond of singing such patriotic songs as " The Star 
Spangled Banner," "The Death of General Wolfe," "Adams and Liberty," 
and Sumner's '• Ode on Science." He also took great delight in sacred music, 
which he practised daily with no ordinary skill. He loved the old fugue 
tunes, and especially those in the minor key, as " All Saints New," by Hall, 
and " Complaint," by Parmenter. Among his favorites were " Mear," 






1889.] Memoir of Rev. Elias J$ason. 23 

"Brattle Street," "China," "Pleyel's Hymn," and Smith's "Funeral 
Thought," which was sung at his burial. 

Mrs. Levi Nason was an excellent manager of the household, bringing 
up with but slender means a large family of children and helping them to 
obtain an education. She was, in the words of St. Paul, "a keeper at home," 
and "a helpmeet" of her husband, industrious, self-denying, economical aud 
pious. She was never happier than when seeing her children with some 
good book in hand. Her favorite books were, the Bible, Bunyan's Pil- 
grim's Progress, Doddridge's Rise and Progress of Religion, Saints' Rest. 
She was a good singer, and loved to join in rendering the old fashioned 
music set to the Psalms and Hymns of Dr. Watts. 

The children of Rev. Elias 6 and Myra Anne (Bigelow) Nason 
were : 

1. Paul Ford, born Feb. 19, 1838 ; captain and staff officer, 5th Army 

Corps, in the late war. 

2. James Dwight, born Nov. 2, 1840; died April 4, 1861. See Regis- 

ter, xv. 28o. 

3. Charles Pinckney Uolbrook, born Sept. 7, 1842; grad. "Williams Col- 

lege, 1862; with Army of Potomac and in Government service at 
Washington, D. C, 1863 to 1865; m. Helen Augusta Bond, Nov. 
17, 1870; at Theological Seminary, Andover, Mass., 1870 to 
1872; ordained pastor of the Central Congregational Church, 
Chelsea, Mass., June 24, 1874; dismissed Marcli 7, 1887; in- 
stalled pastor of the 2d Presbyterian Church, Germantown, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., May 5, 1887. 

4. Emily Georgiauna, born Nov. 30, 1844, married Dr. Charles H. 

Gerrish, of Exeter, N.H., Feb. 15, 1872. 

5. William Walton, born Jan. 28, 1848; grad. Andover Theological 

Seminary, special course, 1877; m. Kate Julia Hooker, Jan. 1882; 
now in charge of the Central Church, and of the 1st or Hillside 
Congregational Church, in Dracut, Mass. 

6. Florence Nightingale, born March 11, 1857. 

Mr. Nason's initial contribution to the Register appears to have 
been in 1847, while a resident of Newburyport. It is entitled — " The 
burial place at Old Town, Newbury, Ms.," being a transcript of 
"some of the more quaint and characteristic epitaphs " in that ancient 
cemetery. The next article, apparently, with his name affixed, in 
April, 1860, was a transcript, from the records, of the births in 
Hopkinton, Mass., from 1720 to 1757, inclusive, followed by "A 
Letter of Love in a > Minister's Wooing/ a century and a third ago." 
This is a copy of a letter to Miss Jane Colman, daughter of the Rev. 
Benjamin Colman, of Boston. She became, at length, "absalute 
mistress of the citey of Medford," by her marriage with the Rev. 
Ebenezer Turell, Aug. 11, 1726. 

"The old burial places in Exeter, N. H.,"in 1862, was from his 
pen; in 1866, "Public Worship in the church at Hopkinton, Mass., 
in the old colonial times," a humorous sketch. In the same number, 
*»e *! Indebtedness of the English to the Indian languages of America." 
Also, a Biographical sketch of Joshua Coffin, of Newbury, Mass. 



24 Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. [Jan. 

Id 1867, "Journal of Rev. Joseph Baxter, of Med field, missionary 
to the Eastern Indians in 1717 ;" " Memoir of Jacob Wendell, of Ports- 
mouth, X. II.," the following year. "Memoir of William Bentley 
Fowle," 1809. "Memoir of'llenry Wilson," 1878. "Current 
Events," from 18H2 to 18(38. Besides these, were the various con- 
tributions to the Register, in connection with his editorial work for 
its pages. 

His papers read before the Society, were : — 1858. Some incidents 
in the Life of Sir Henry Frankland. 1859. The Life and Writings 
of Mrs. Susannah llowson. I860. The Celebrities of Hopkinton, 
Massachusetts. 18(50. Ancient Psalmody of New England. 1861. 
Our National Patriotic Music. 1863. On Daniel Webster. This 
was also delivered by request before the New York Historical Society, 
June 2, 1885. 1865. Eulogy on Abraham Lincoln.* 1865. 
Tribute to the Memory of Edward Everett. 1866. On the part 
taken by Americans in producing the great French Revolution. 
1866. On the Literary Character of the Founders of New-Eng- 
land. 1868. The Old "'Bay State at the Front. 1868. An Ad- 
dress commemorative of the Life and Services of Gov. John A. 
Andrew. 1870. Plow Steam got across the Continent. 1871. 
The Model Town of Massachusetts. 1875. On the Ancient Psalmo- 
dy of New-England ; in a new form. 1876. The Law of Progress 
under the Light of History. 1878. My Minister, or Reminiscences 
of the Rev. Nathanael Howe of Hopkinton, Mass. 1879. Sir Henry 
Vane, the Defender of Civil and Religious Liberty both in New- 
England and Old (1612-1662). 1882. On Paper and Paper- 
making. 

Mr. Nason had, in addition to the lectures delivered before the 
Society, numerous others. These were received at various times, in 
the most flattering manner, by appreciative and delighted audiences, 
in different sections of the country. Some of them were on the 
following subjects : — 

1. " Originality," afterwards published. 2. " Nothing but a Dandelion." 
described by him as " scientific, poetical and humorous." 3. " Greenbacks/' 
"humorous." 4. "The Grand Classic Oratorios." "The origin, nature, 
design, and progress of the Oratorios, together with sketches of the lives of 
Handel, Haydu, P>eethoven and Mendelssohn." 5. "The mechanism, 
power and beauty of the Human Hand. Scientific and diverting." 6. " Our 
Indebtedness to Ireland. Historical, poetical aud entertaining." 7. "Our 
Indebtedness to the Grand Army of the Republic." There were three " Art- 
lectures," so called, which were beautifully illustrated by the calcium light, 
under the care of Mr. A. H. Folsorn : — 1. The celebrated scenes of Switzer- 
land ; the Alps, Passes, Tunnel, Glaciers, &c. 2. The seven celebrated 
Art cities of Italy. 3. The Picturesque from Boston to the Golden City. 

* This eulogy was given as a sermon, in the First Congregational Church, Chelsea, April 
16, I860 ; the day following the reception of the news of Mr. Lincoln's death. Quite through 
the night, Mr Nason wrote with a glowing pen, hardly finishing his effort before the hour 
of morning service. That same week — being on his farm at North Billerica — the citizens 
of Exeter sent for him to deliver the Memorial Address at the Town Hall, April 19th. 
By request it was delivered before the New England Historic Genealogical Society, at 
their next monthly meeting, May 3, and soon after published. See Register, xix. 279, 375. 



2589.1 Memoir of Rev. Elias JFason. 25 

Mr. Nason had the pleasing faculty of re-writing and changing his 
lectures in phraseology and form, so that the same lecture, in name, 
would sometimes be almost like a new production when again and 
again used. This kaleidoscopic character of his writings gave a 
delightful change and variety to his entertainments. Much additional 
matter would be thereby introduced, novel and instructive. 

His lectures " On the Bright-side," " The Telephone," "Sunshine 
and Shower," were pleasing and popular, as also one on "National 
Music," with an accompaniment on the piano, by his son Paul, 
illustrating the favorite music of different nations, with proper 
variations, such as, "Sweet Home," by Thalberg ; " God save the 
King," by Oesten ; the " Marseillaise," by Roessellen ; the " Carni- 
val of Venice," by Jaell ; the " National Airs of America," by 
Wallace, &c. 

His lectures and readings were so multifarious and diversified that 
it would be difficult to give an approximate list of these productions. 
He had such a versatility of mind, and such a wonderful power of 
application and presentation, as to make even the commonest things 
wonderful and effective, especially to the young, with whom he must 
have been a great favorite. "He speaks with graceful dignity," 
says one, " with genial humor and poetic fire, and never fails to 
command the admiration of his audience." "Few of the laborers 
in the general lecture-field," says the Lowell Courier, " have been 
so universally, and so deservedly successful, as the Rev. Elias Nason. 
He has a most dramatic power of description, a keen sense of humor, 
a sound common sense, a great command of language, remarkable 
power of illustration, and the auxiliaries of wide reading, culture, 
and good memory. We doubt if any lecturer in the field leaves an 
audience better satisfied, more pleasantly entertained, or more profit- 
ed." His unique lecture on "Greenbacks" was one of his favorite 
themes, as it was, also, with the masses. The "Advocate," of East 
Boston, Sept. 1871, -states that it had been "delivered twenty-six 
times that last winter." It abounded, as we have been told, in 
originality of expression, and genuine wit, keeping his hearers in the 
best of humor, and eliciting their plaudits at its close, " while at the 
same time administering sharp castigation for certain follies and 
frailties common to humanity." His lectures on music and psalmody 
were expressed in simple but forcible language, gushing forth as 
from a fountain of love and enthusiasm. They were welcomed by 
musical societies, amateurs and historians. Being thoroughly pro- 
ficient in the art of stenography, he recorded his own thoughts and 
the words of others with wonderful rapidity ; and for the most 
part his sermons were delivered from "shorthand" manuscripts. 

We think the power of Mr. Nason was owing, in a great measure, 
to his pleasing address, fervor of manner, simplicity, and matter-of- 
fact illustration. He appeared to make the most and the best of 
every thing he handled. Evidently, he must have been quick in kis 
vol. xliii. 3* 



26 Memoir of Rev. Ellas Nason. [Jan. 

perceptions, of a retentive mind, with a strong and rapid flow of 
thought. It was with him a common expression, K When you find 
a thing, make a note of it." He would gather up, in his way-side 
walks, his intercourse with others, his movements to and fro, in 
cars or carringes, some morsels of information to give point to a 
discourse, or pith to an illustration. If he, casually, met a mechanic 
going to his daily toil, he would in many instances carry much from 
that person's conversation that would be of service to himself, in one 
way or another, making the man, also, and his labors better under- 
stood personally, by drawing out ideas, latent in the mind, that the 
owner was unconscious of possessing. He was quite familiar with 
railroad conductors and engineers, and loved to converse with them. 
On one occasion, and perhaps more than once, he ran an engine, for 
a considerable distance on the road, after receiving proper instruc- 
tions how to operate. 

The publications of Mr. Nason were : 

(1) Songs for the School Room, 1842. (2) Chrestotnathie Francaise, 
1 849. (3) Memoir of the Rev. Nathanael Howe, of Hopkinton, 1851. (4) 
Thou Shalt not Steal, a Sermon preached in Natick, 1852. (5) Strength and 
Beauty of the Sanctuary, a Dedication Sermon, Natick, 1854. (6) Con- 
gregational Hymn Book, 1857. (7) Vestry Hymn Book, 1857. (8) 
Congregational Tune Book, 1858. (9) New Congregational Hvmn and 
Tune Book, 1859. (10) Our Obligations to Defend Our Country, 1861. 
(11) Sermon on the War. 1861. (12) Songs for Social and Public Wor- 
ship, 1862. (13) Record of Events, Exeter, N. H., 1861, 1862, 1863 (three 
pamphlets). (14) Eulogy on Abraham Lincoln, 1865. (15) Eulogy on 
Edward Everett, 1865. (16) Fountains of Salvation, 1865. (17) Life of 
Sir Charles Henry Frankland, 1865. (18) Biographical Sketch of Joshua 
Coffin, 1866. (19) Journal of the Rev. Joseph Baxter, of Medfiekl (in 
1717), 1867. (20) Eulogy on Gov. John A. Andrew. 1868. (21) Our 
National Song, 1869. (22) Memoir of William B. Fowle, 1869. (23) 
Life of Mrs. Susannah Rowson, 1870. (24) Carmina Cceli, 1870. (25) 
Life of Henry Wilson, 1872. (26) Howe Family Gathering, 1872. 
(27) Gazetteer of Massachusetts, 1874. (28) Life of Charles Sumner, 
1874. (29) Centennial Oration, Billerica, 1876. (30) Lives of Moody 
and Sankey, 1877. (31) History of Dunstable, Mass., 1877. (32) His- 
tories of Beverly, Essex, Hamilton, Ipswich, Manchester and Rowley, in 
the History of Essex County, Mass., 1878. (33) History of the County of 
Worcester, Mass., in the History of New England, 1879. (34) Histories 
of Dracut, Dunstable. Hopkinton and Tyngsborough, in the History of 
Middlesex County, Mass., 1880. (35) A Literary Historv of the Bible, 
1831. (36) Discourse on the Death of James A. Garfield, 1881. (37) 
Originality; a Lecture, 1882. (38) Hand Book of St. Augustine, Florida, 
1883. (39) Histories of Nantucket, Brockton and Holbrook, in Chapin's 
New Endand and the South, 1883. 

Works unpublished: — History of Hopkinton; Genealogy of the Nason 
Family ; Grains of Gold from the Alcoves of my Library. 

In prospective : — Biographical Dictionary of noted men and women ia 
Massachusetts. A volume of his own poetical compositions, Christ in 
.Song. 



1880.] Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. 27 

His writings for the press have been varied and numerous. 
Purmg the war, and while in Europe, he was a correspondent for 
The Traveller, Christian Union, Congregationcdi.it , Youth's 
Companion, and other papers, under the name of K Waybridgei* 
He several times visited the seat of war, during the nation's struggle, 
making personal observations. Much of the information thus obtained 
was communicated to the Travelltr , afore mentioned. Being an 
active member of the United States Christian Commission during the 
years 1861-1865, he had ample facilities for obtaining news directly 
from the army. Besides several hymns, he wrote many short poems 
which were printed in the secular and religious papers. K His know- 
ledge of versification enabled him to see, at a glance, the errors or 
defects in a verse or hymn, and his ideas of correct composition were 
such that his criticisms were sometimes very severe.'' Interesting 
articles on " Church Psalmody of the Olden Times," were furnished 
by him, in 1877, to a paper called "The Contributor," published in 
Boston. Number V. of the series is before us, in which he writes 
concerning the fugue tunes, and gives brief sketches of composers, 
in those and similar lines of music, such as Timothy Swan, of 
"The New England Harmony," who composed poetry as well as 
music, and was author of "China," named at first "Calcutta," one 
of the most original of our American melodies. It is finely 
adapted to the devotional words of Dr. Watts, — "Why do we 
mourn departing friends," &c, and when sung, as it used to be, in 
a soft and subdued manner at funerals, has served to allay the sorrow 
of many a stricken heart. "There is enough music in 'China,' said 
a great musical critic once to me, r for a whole oratorio.' It has the 
wild and wailing spirit of some old coronach of the Highlands of 
Scotland, and would seem to have been inspired by musing on the 
melancholy songs of Ossian." Other composers noticed in this 
article, are, Oliver Holden, publisher of " The American Harmony," 
who wrote "Coronation," "Confidence," etc.; Daniel Read, to 
whom we are indebted for "Windham," "Winter," and "Sherburne," 
publisher of "The Columbian Harmony;" and Jacob Kimball, of 
"The Rural Harmony," who composed the tune called "Invitation." 

His notice of Mrs. Sarah Flower Adams, who wrote the popular 
hymn, "Nearer my God to Thee," seems discriminating and just. 
This criticism, by a Trinitarian, an Orthodox Congregationalist, so 
called, of a lady reputed Unitarian, is liberal, and catholic in a 
high degree, perfectly in keeping, with a long continued and intimate 
personal knowledge of our esteemed departed friend. The article 
was furnished to the " Congregationalist," Oct. 17, 1870, to which 
paper he was a contributor. He says : — 

This is one of the most beautiful hymns in our language. It is founded 
on the celebrated dream of Jacob (Gen. xxviii. 12-22), and most sweetly 
and touchingly expresses the aspiration of a bruised and chastened spirit 
for the consolations of a brighter and a better world. In imagery, 



28 Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. [Jan. 

in diction, in sentiment, the hymn is exquisite. Every word is fitly 
chosen, fitly introduced, as an apple of gold in a picture of silver. The 
rhyme and rhythm are perfect; the melody, clearness, precision, and com- 
pactness of the language, are inimitable. It is the hallowed outbounding 
of a soul in its most profound devotion after God. In the earnest simplicity 
of this lyric, art is not for an instant thought of, yet it is constructed on its 
highest principles. In form it is faultless as the "Elegy" of Gray, or the 
"Dirge in Cymberline" of Collins; in thought it is the aspiration of every 
earnest Christian heart; hence no recent hymn has acquired in England or 
America such popular favor. No modern manual of praise and prayer is, 
or can arTord to be, without it; no congregation can unite in singing it, 
especially to Dr. Mason's beautiful tune of '-Bethany," without emotion. 

After a brief sketch of the writer of the hymn, he continues, in 
regard to her character : 

The piety of this gifted lady was earnest, ardent, and enlightened. She 
lived to bless and beautify the world by the angelic ministrations of a 
great, friendly and Christ-loving hand and heart. 

The eloquent tribute of Mr. Nason to the memory of Hon. Edward 
Everett, delivered before the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, in 1865, may be considered not only as one of his best 
efforts, but also one of the best ever delivered in regard to the life 
and career of that distinguished orator and statesman. We give a 
short extract : — 

What, then, are the leading traits and characteristics of the lamented 
Everett as a literary man ? I answer, A natural quickness of parts, together 
with a corresponding flexible and delicate physical organization, which 
enabled him to seize upon knowledge with surprising certainty, and bear 
away the sweets of it while others were still hesitating to commence the 
task. He acquired the art, for which Webster was so remarkable, of read- 
ing by the page, instead of by the line, — grasping the writer's meaning at a 
glance. As an eagle on the wing, he pounced upon his game, and never 
missed. This, with his most loyal memory, made him, par excellence, a 
ready man, — ready not only to extract the nectar from the flowers of 
literature, but to summon, as by a magician's wand, whatever he desired 
into immediate use. Most of you, gentlemen, must have observed how 
quick his mind was, in his speaking, to lay hold of any passing circumstance, 
and to weave it naturally into the structure of his discourse, leaving neither 
joint nor suture visible. On one occasion, through the failure of another, 
he was called on suddenly to deliver the Phi Beta Kappa oration at Cam- 
bridge. Mr. Longfellow had agreed to read a poem at the close of the 
address; but, finding that Mr. Everett was to make it, he insisted upon 
going through his part in advance of the distinguished orator. Mr. Everett 
heard the new production with attention; but it were hard to conceive the 
surprise of the author of " Evangeline" to hear, a few moments afterwards, 
the most beautiful lines of his uuprinted poem dropping as pearls from the 
orator's lips, and admirably turned to the embellishment of his own 
discourse. 

Hi* Eulogy on Abraham Lincoln, delivered in Boston, the same 
year, before our Society, is also truly admirable and just. He said : 






. 



1889.] Memoir of Rev. Ellas JVason. 29 

His heart, though mighty as a lion's, was full of the milk of human 
kindness; his golden charities, as the perfume of the sandal wood, flowed 
out even upon the axe that was cutting his life away; and perhaps no man 
ever revealed more of the spirit of that touching verse of a beloved poet of 
our own Society, — 

Y . "A little word in kindness spoken, 

A motion or a tear, 
Has often healed the heart that's broken, 
And made a friend sincere." 

He had a great, loving, generous heart, and his actions come to us as 
sunbeams through the cloud of war; they enshrine him eternally in the 
deepest chambers of the soul of his country. 

Mr. Nason was a man of great sociability, with a word of cheer 
and a look of kindness for others. In his conversations and lectures 
he sometimes dealt in superlatives, but his tone and manner 
toward you had a corresponding elevation. He was quick to 
discern good traits in others, and his friendships, when made, w r ere 
strong and lasting. His mind was so constituted, by nature, 
and enlarged and expanded by culture and observation, that he 
could take in and dwell upon almost any subject suitable for re- 
flection and conversation. This versatility, as has before been 
hinted at, may be considered truly wonderful. Says his son Wil- 
liam : — 

His love for the languages never forsook him, and in Latin, Greek, 
French, Italian and Spanish he was at home. He had made a study and 
acquired the knowledge of twelve different languages, and there was no 
subject in natural history, botany, geology, mineralogy, philosophy, meta- 
physics or science but what interested him and gained a share of his attention. 

Some years ago, in company with the writer, the conversation 
turned to the subject of favorite authors of poetry. He sat down 
and with his pencil, in a playful manner, made two drawings on 
paper, in the form of a pyramid. On one he placed the names of 
his favorites in American poetry, on the other those who were Eng- 
lish writers. At the base of the pillar, on the American shaft, stood 
the name of Whittier. Following, in order, toward the top, were 
the names of Bryant, Halleck, Longfellow, Poe, Sigourney, Willis, 
Smith, Holmes, Amelia Welby, Pierpont, Peabody, Aldrich, 
Muhlenburg, Lowell, Lunt. On the English column, first, Byron, 
then Scott, followed by Moore, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Southey, 
Hemans, Heber, Smith, Crabbe, Keble, Wilson. He was himself 
a poet of no inferior order ; he wrote many hymns, and composed 
not a few tunes. The well known lines, commencing, "Jesus only, 
$ when the morning," have had a wide popularity. This hymn sprang 

j? from the heart of the writer, as the close to a sermon on the same 

theme, at Natick, in the year 1856. It was first published in a juve- 
nile paper, at Boston, called the "Well Spring," with the author's 
own music attached. It has since taken its place in several hymn 
books. The " Congregational Hymn Book for the service of the 



30 Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. [Jan. 

Sanctuary," published in 1857, which he compiled, contains some 
of the choicest effusions of Watts, Doddridge, Wesley, Mrs. Steele, 
Newton, Heber, Montgomery and others. His modesty, perhaps, 
allowed him to give but one of his own composition (hymn 110), 
which is an inspiring lyric, commencing : — 

" To Thee, God, in grateful praise, 

All nature -wakes harmonious lays; 
The rolling flood, beast, bird, and bee, 

Join in perpetual praise to Thee." 

He had no sympathy with those compilers of hymn books, so 
common in our day, who alter and torture the phraseology and 
sentiments of the original to suit their own notions of propriety and 
praise. In his preface to the " Congregational Hymn Book," he 
writes : — 

Believing that the changes and mutilations which most of our standard 
hymns have from time to time undergone are alike at variance with good 
taste and literary integrity, and that a continuance of this practice must 
prove highly detrimental to the best interests of hymnology, the compiler 
has ventured on no alterations and emendations in the hymns of this collec- 
tion, except in the way of abridgment, or of correcting grammatical and 
rhythmical errors, or of restoring the hymns to their original form, which is 
found to be, in almost every instance, the most lyrical, the most devotional, 
and the best. The psalms of Dr. Watts have been collated with his own 
edition of 1719, and both psalms and hymns with the quarto edition of his 
works published by his executors in 1753. 

The hymns of other writers, mentioned, were "read and rectified 
by early editions of their respective works," and others given as 
revised by their own hands. 

Mr. Nason had contemplated publishing, in a small volume, a 
selection of his poetical comp3sitions, but to the regret of his friends 
the work was never done. Says his son Charles : 

He maintained a large correspondence throughout his life, and the letters 
received by him were carefully preserved. His collection of autographs, 
classed alphabetically, covered a wide range among men of letters in this 
country and abroad. 

He was a lover of "small books ;" multum in parvo would be his 
motto in regard to them. Books that could be taken in the hand, 
and transferred readily to and from the pocket, were the books that 
for utility and convenience he delighted to use. How often his 
pleasant face and form might be seen, in years gone by, bending 
over, and looking eagerly in. receptacles for books, outside the win- 
dows of stores in Cornhill, Brattle Street and elsewhere, for his 
mental treasures. How judiciously selections for his railway travels, 
sometimes monotonous and tedious, would be made, the time beguiled, 
and the public benefited, in lecture or by conversation, through those 
literary findings. His library, containing at one time, as estimated, 
some three thousand volumes, in various languages, was a curiosity- 



1889.] Memoir of Rev. Elias JFason. 31 

shop of materials for thought and suggestion, not always found, in 
the same degree, in larger or more costly tomes of the "collector," 

Ieo called, the amateur or the specialist. He was fond occasionally 
of reading, for recreation, some of the lighter literature of the day; 
and as he had not always sufficient time at his command to select 
from, or read, the fruitful emissions of the press, he arranged with a 
young lady of his acquaintance, in whom he confided, to make choice, 
among the novelties, of such stories, romances, or tales, as she, in 
her judgment, thought would be pleasing or agreeable to him. She 
succeeded so well, in this respect, that he used, often, to take those 
very books to read that were suggested to him by his fair assistant. 
On relating the circumstances to a female in New Hampshire, with 
whom we became acquainted, some time after the death of Mr. 
Nason, she remarked that the person mentioned was her sister. 

It gives us great pleasure, in closing this memoir, to present to 
our readers a few testimonials in regard to the life, character and 
services of our departed friend, by those who knew him well. Our 
worthy associate, John Ward Dean, A.M., the editor of this 
journal, remarks : — 

To the best of my recollection, I was introduced to the Rev. Mr. Nason 
in 1856, by the late Samuel G. Drake, A.M., then editor of the Register. 
I had known him by reputation before. In the fall of 1857, I was author- 
ized by the Board of Directors of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, of which board I was secretary, to invite him to read a paper 
before the society. He accepted, and in March, 1858, gave us a paper on 
" The Life and Times of Sir Henry Fraukland." This was the first time I 
had heard Mr. Nason and the first time that he lectured before the Society. 
I was surprised and delighted with the paper, as were his other hearers. 
The incidents in the life of Sir Charles Henry Fraukland, baronet, so 
strange and romantic, were new to me, and the picturesque manner in 
which he portrayed them carried us along spellbound to the close of his 
paper. From that time he was a favorite with the members of the society, 
and whenever it was announced that he was to address us, a full audience 
was sure to greet him. 

Afterwards I heard him in the pulpit and lecture hall, where he showed 
the same fervid and impassioned eloquence which captivated my imagination 
when I first listened to him. The matter as well as the style of his ad- 
dresses commended them to his hearers. He had collected a vast fund of 
information on a wide range of subjects, and when the occasion required 
was able to present it in an attractive form. For at least a score of years 
his lecturing tours included all parts of New England, with occasional visits 
to other sections of the country. So popular was he, that a lecture in a 
town in one year was almost invariably followed by an invitation the next 
year. 

Mr. Nason had the same qualities as a writer that he had as a speaker. 
His books on literary subjects are full of rich thoughts clothed in beautiful 
language. Those of a statistical character bear evidence of conscientious 
and continuous labor. All show a vigorous intellect, cultivated by reading 
and reflection. 

He was a delightful companion — full of vivacity, wit and wisdom. His 



I 



32 Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. [Jan. 

spirits were joyous and buoyant. He looked upon the bright side of every- 
thing, and encouraged others to do so. He was a faithful as well as a warm 
friend. I enjoyed much his visits to the rooms of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society, where he frequently called upon me, and where 
we discussed our plans of literary work and talked about what was going 
on in the historical and literary world. 

Rev. Edmund Dowse, D.D., of Sherborn, Mass., who on the 10th 
of October last celebrated the 50th anniversary of his pastorate in 
that place, writes : — 

I first became acquainted with Mr. Nason at the time of his installation 
at Natick. While he was pastor of that church he was my nearest clerical 
neighbor. We were very often together, and our relations were always 
of the pleasantest kind. He was uniformly courteous, kind and reciprocal- 
ly helpful. He was a scholar of varied acquirements, which he utilized in 
his sermons and lectures in such a way as to make them peculiarly interest- 
ing aud attractive. He was possessed of an unusually nice literary taste. 
This was apparent in all his productions, but it was especially conspicuous 
in the Hymn Book that he compiled and published while at Natick, and 
which he desired me to review with him while in manuscript. This exer- 
cise afforded me much pleasure and gave me a high appreciation of his 
qualities as a writer, a poet, and hymnologist. I am happy to bear witness 
to his reputation as a gentleman, a scholar and a genial aud warm-hearted 
friend." 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, D.D., senior pastor of the Unitarian 
Church at Harrison Square, Dorchester, thus feelingly expresses 
himself: — 

" You have asked me to say a few words for Brother Nason, and I hardly 
know how to refuse to speak for him, when he was always so ready to 
speak for others, and has scattered so many flowers over the graves of those 
whose lives have been so precious, and the memories of whom will never 
perish. He certainly had a koen spiritual eye by which he could instantly 
detect all the best parts of a character, aud it was a treat to see him take up 
a life that had been passed on earth and had gone to God, and by his skil- 
ful rhetoric and loving soul show us all the bright spots, and cover us with 
the mantle of all that was great, good and glorious in the ascended prophets. 

As a scholar he was cosmopolitan. Master of many languages he could 
wander into various fields where but few of us would dare to venture, and 
he would bring back from his search abundant sheaves that would nourish, 
strengthen and inspire those of us who were blessed by the bestowal of hi3 
treasures. As a friend, too, none were more affectionate, inspiring, comfort- 
ing and loyal, for he was quite as ready to correct as to approve, and 
oftentimes his genial encouragement would stir a timid heart into noble re- 
solves. He was, also, the Christian geutleman ; politeness was baptized 
with unction, and the greeting was as sincere as it was warm ; having ef- 
fusive lips, perhaps, but those lips consecrated by a loving soul. 

I shall never forget words that he once spoke to me that have been a power 
for good ever since he uttered them ; and when he said, years ago, ki Let 
your light shine," he gave to my soul a courage that has been to me a 
great help all through the various duties that I have had to meet; and most 
grateful am I to him that he thus strengthened my faith, and uplifted 
my heart. I wish I could say more, for I couid not say too much, though 
I most certainly can exclaim, Blessed be his memory forever and ever. 



1SS9.] Memoir of Rev. Elias Nason. 33 

Rev. "William J. Batt, of Concord, Ma9s., furnishes the 
following : — 

The beginning of my ministry was in a town adjoining that in which Mr. 
Nason lived. I then first knew him. His friendliness at that time drew 
me to him and won my esteem. In those days, also, I first heard him in 
the pulpit. The sermon was preached before the Conference, and was the 
one thing of the entire occasion which I have never forgotten. It was upon 
" Light" as a* symbol of Christ. The beauty of the thought, the energy of 
the delivery, and the sympathy of the preacher with his theme, all combined 
to make the sermon a model for imitation. Whenever that subject is 
announced in the pulpit, I still say to myself, " that is Mr. Nason's 
subject." 

Mr. Nason never impressed me more by his remarkable qualities and 
gifts than in his later years. He seemed to me then a fine illustration of 
the scripture that promises the good man abiding strength in his old age. 
His lecture upon " Manliness " was very successful in our community, but 
a few years before his death. Its repetition was called for, and I can hardly 
think of " the human hand," without recalling him who spoke about it in 
such a wonderful way. It was, however, his enjoyment of pulpit work, his 
very late continued force as a preacher, his hold upon the affectionate respect 
of his hearers, and the fruitfulness of his preaching even in life's decline, 
that gave the peculiar charm to his last years. 

Mr. Daniel C. Colesworthy, of Boston, justly says : — 

For versatility of talents I know of but few, if any, who would compare 
with the late Rev. Elias Nason. He seemed to be familiar with science, 
philology, mechanics, botany, history and genealogy. He was at home 
among the trees of the forest, and the birds of the grove, and always found 
pleasure in contemplating the works of his Creator. He was kind and 
social to all classes — to the humble and the elevated — the ignorant and the 
learned, and his friends were found in all conditions of society, and among 
people of all ages. A practical, every day man, Mr. Nason did good in a 
thousand instances where multitudes fail to see the opportunity. He was 
loved by all classes in the community, having a kind word and a smile for 
every one he met. I miss the friend of a life time and shall never cease to 
remember the favors bestowed, betraying an unselfish disposition, a genial 
nature and a heart alive to the interests of God and humanity. 

Rev. Joseph P. Bixby, of Revere, Mass., speaks appropriately of 
our mutual friend : — 

I am glad to testify to the fidelity of Rev. Elias Nason as a minister 
during the last years of his life. I exchanged with him when he was serv- 
ing two parishes, one in Lowell, and one in Dracut, and was surprised to 
find what spiritual fruit he was gathering, and to learn how greatly he was 
esteemed by his people. 

He was the most social man of my acquaintance, and I think I may add, 
also, the most genial. He was exceedingly versatile as a scholar, excelling 
as preacher, lecturer, historian and writer. His soul was full of music, 
and few could lead a praise service as he could. In hi3 death every one 
who knew him has lost a true christian friend. 

VOL. XLIII. 4r 



34 Portraits of New Hampshire Public Men. [Jan. 

We close with a loving tribute from the Rev. Nathan F. Carter, 
of Concord, N. H. : — 

I became intimately acquainted with Rev. Elias Nason nearly thirty 
years ago, when he was pastor of the First Church in Exeter, N. II., where 
I attended service while Principal of the High School there. Ever since, 
during his life, occasional meetings and correspondence served to strengthen 
our mutual attachment, aud increase my admiration of him as a man, friend, 
minister, lecturer and scholar. He was one of the most genial men I ever 
met, warm-hearted, sympathetic, confiding, and overflowing with good 
humor. His preseuce, like the sunshine, was full of inspiration. He had 
rare conversational powers, and was both entertaining and instructive. 
Few men were more observing, and had a wider and more versatile know- 
ledge of men, places and things. After visiting a new place in his winter 
lecturing, hj could give more historic facts of it, than many, after years of 
residence. I have been astonished at the fulness of such acquisitions. He 
seemed to have an instinct for them, and never to forget a fact once learned. 
He was a great lover of nature, and constantly drew from it illustrations 
and analogies, in fresh and racy ways, for the enrichment and perspicuity 
of his literary and pulpit work. As a preacher, he always had something 
to say, original and interesting, and often, as others have remarked, by the 
fervor of his eloquence seemed to lift one almost to heaven. His war 
sermons were especially eloquent and stimulating, and showed him a patriot 
to the heart's core. 

As a lecturer he was entertaining and interesting, often pointing his 
discourse with polished shafts of wit, humor and satire, which his audiences 
greatly enjoyed. Few could interest and hold their attention better than 
he. A practical teacher once remarked, after hearing one of his lectures, 
he was " thankful one minister in New Hampshire knows kou- to speak." 

His scholarship was extensive, intelligent, discriminating, and on many 
subjects an authority. 

As I remember my intercourse with him during these many years, I am 
constrained to add my testimony to his superior qualities of mind and heart, 
making him one whose society and friendship were greatly to be prized. 
He had his imperfections, like others, but, as a Christian man he was noble, 
and generous to a fault, a lover of God and his fellow men, ready to help 
all who needed his help, and seeking, as best he could, to impress himself 
for good on his generation. In all the circle of intimate acquaintances, I 
have known but few whom I have deemed worthy, for his many virtues, 
of so warm a place in my heart ! His memory is like a benediction. 



PORTRAITS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE PUBLIC MEN 
AND OTHERS. 

Communicated by Ex-Gov. Benjamin F. Prescott, of Epping, N. H. 

[In the October number of the Register of 1874, the April 
number of 1880, and the July number of 1883, will be found lists 
of portraits, marble busts and medallions, which were secured for 
the State of New Hampshire, Dartmouth College, Phillips Exeter 



18S9.1 Portraits of JSFew Hampshire Public Men. 35 

Academy, the New Hampshire Historical Society, and a few other 
institutions, through the personal efforts of Ex-Gov. Benjamin F. 
Prescott, of Epping. Since July, 1883, he has continued his work 
in this direction, and we publish here another list which he has fur- 
nished. The number of portraits he has secured and are now on 
exhibition in different halls in New Hampshire, is about two hundred. 
Many more prominent and interesting ones are promised, and will, 
no doubt, in due time be placed in their appropriate places in the^ 
above collections. — Editor.] "* ^ w - 

Phillips (Exeter) Academy. 

Rev. Andrew Preston Peabody, D.D. An original portrait 

by J. Harvey Young, of Boston, two thirds length, sitting posture. 

I* Dr. Peabody was a Trustee of the institution for forty years and 

president of the Board for thirty years. Painted by order of the 

Trustees. 

Jeremiah Kingman, Esq., a liberal benefactor in' the sum of 
$37,000. A life size crayon, by F. E. Wright. Secured by the 
Trustees. 

Francis Parkman Hurd, M.D., a pupil in 1830, and a bene- 
factor in the sum of $50,000 to the institution. The painting is an 
original in oil, by H. I. Thompson. 

Nathaniel Holmes Morison, LL.D. An original oil por- 
trait. Presented to the Academy by his children. Mr. Morison 
was a pupil there in 1834 ; is now Provost of the Peabody Institute, 
Baltimore, Md. 

Eev. John Hot-kins Morison, D.D. A plaster cast, from a 
marble bust, by Daniel C. French, of Concord, Mass. Presented 
by Mr. Morison, who was a pupil there in 1825. 

Prof. Richard TFenman Swan, a pupil in 1836, and instructor 
in the Academy from 1842 to 1851. A life size crayon. Present- 
ed by Mr. Swan. 

Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott. An original in oil, by U. D. 
Tenney. Presented to the Academy by Mr. Prescott, who was a 
pupil there from 1850 to 1853, and Gov. of New Hampshire from 
June, 1877, to June, 1879. 

Henry Winkley, of Philadelphia. An original in oil, by Ukle. 
Presented to the Academy by Mr. ^Winkley, a generous benefactor, 
in the sum of $30,000. 

Court House in Exeter, N. H. 

Hon. Jeremiah Mason. Copy after an original by Chester 
Harding, by U. D. Tenney, and presented to the county of Rocking- 
ham by Mr. Tenney. 



^ 



36 Portraits of JSew Hampshire Public Men. [Jan. 

State House m Concord. 

Lt. Jonathan Eastman, of Concord, N. H., an officer in the 
war of 1812, paymaster in Colonel Ripley's regiment. Original by 
U. D. Tenney. Presented to the State by his descendants. 

Hon. Woodbury Lasgdon, brother of Gov. John Landgon. 
Original by John S. Copley. Copy by A. W. Tvvitchell, of Albany, 
New York. Two thirds length. Presented by Hon. Walter Lang- 
don, of Hyde Park N. Y., a kinsman. Mr. Langdon was the first 
president of the New Hampshire Senate. 

Hon. Joel Parker, LL.D. Two thirds length. A copy by C. 
R. Grant, of Boston, after an original by Hoit. Presented to the 
State by his wife. Judge Parker was Chief Justice of New Hamp- 
shire from 1838 to 1848. 

Hon. George Oilman Fogg, LL.D. An original by U. D. 
Tenney. Presented to the State by John Edgerley, his nephew. 
Mr. Fogg was Sec. of State in 1846, U. S. minister to Switzer- 
land from 1861 to 1866, and U. S. Senator by appointment. 

Brig. Gen. James Reed, of the war of the Revolution. An oil 
portrait from a likeness in enamel, painted by Miss Anna De Witt 
Reed, of New York city, a lineal descendant. This portrait was 
presented to the State by Mrs. Caroline G. Reed, wife of the late 
Rev. Sylvanus Reed, who was grandson of Gen. Reed. 

Col. Edward E. Cross. Painted by Ulysses D. Tenney. 
Presented to the State by his relatives. Col. Cross was Commander 
of the 5th Regt. N. H. Vols., and was killed at Gettysburg, Pa., 
July 2,1863. He was a native of Lancaster, N. H., and was com- 
missioned Aug. 27, 1861. 

Gov. Samuel W. Hale. Painted by U. D. Tenney. Presented 
to the State by Gov. Hale. 

Hon. Jonathan Kittredge, LL.D., Class of 1813. An original 
portrait by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the State by his children. 
Mr. Kittredge was Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas from 
August 18, 1855, to August 1, 1859. 

Hon. Zenas Clement. Copy by IT. D. Tenney of an original 
portrait. Presented to the State by Hon. Nathaniel Holmes Clement, 
Judge of the City Court of Brooklyn, N. Y., a son. Mr. Clement 
was Treasurer of the State from 1837 to 1843. 

Hon. Peter Sanborn. An original portrait in oil by U. D. 
Tenney. Presented to the State by Mrs. Henry J. Crippen, of 
Concord, N. H., a daughter. Mr. Sanborn was Treasurer of the 
State from 1857 to 1871. 

Hon. Chester Pike. An original portrait in oil by IT. D. 
Tenney. Presented to the State by himself. Mr. Pike was Presi- 
dent of the Senate of New Hampshire in 1887. 



8S 






1889.] Portraits of New Hampshire Public Men. 37 

Hon. Samuel Livermore. A copy from a painting by Trumbull. 
Presented to the State by Hon. Josiah G. Abbott, of Boston, Mass. 
Mr. Livermore was a member of the Continental Congress ; was 
Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature from 1782 to 
1790 ; was Attorney General of the Province from 1769 to 1776 ; 
was representative in Congress from 1789 to 1793, and Senator in 
Congress from 1793 to 1801. He was also president of the con- 
vention that adopted the State Constitution of New Hampshire. 

Dartmouth College. 

Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, Class of 1814. Life size colored 
photograph, taken in the prime of life. Presented by Rev. Lucius 
M. Hardy, of Lancaster, Pa. 

Rev. Nathaniel Smith Folsom, D.D., Class of 1828. Life 
size crayon portrait, by Giles, of Boston. Presented by his children. 

Prof. John Carroll Proctor, Class of 1864. Original by 
U. D. Tenney. Presented to the College by his classmates. Prof. 
Proctor occupied the Greek chair from 1870 to 1879. 

Dr. George Cheyne Shattuck, LL.D., Class of 1803. Copy 
of an original by Stuart, by R. L. Presented by his son Dr. George 
C. Shattuck, of Boston. Dr. Shattuck was a liberal benefactor to 
his Alma Mater, having given valuable books to the librarv, also 
presented the portraits of Webster, Mason, Smith and Hopkinson, 
counsel in the celebrated "Dartmouth College case," and built and 
equipped the observatory, which bears his name. 

Hon. Tappan Wentworth. An original by Thomas B. Law- 
son, of Lowell. Presented to the College by his wife, Mrs. Anne 
Wentworth. Mr. Wentworth was a princely benefactor to the 
institution, in the sum of $500,000. 

Rev. Samuel Colcord Bartlett, D.D., LL.D., Class of 1836, 
and President of the College. Two thirds length, sitting posture. 
An original by Frederick P. Yinton, of Boston. Presented by 
Samuel C. and William H. Bartlett, his nephews, of Peoria, Illinois. 

Hon. Levi Woodbury, LL.D., Class of 1809. Presented by 
Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury, a son, and other members of his family. 
Original by C. B. King, of Washington, D. C. 

Prof. Bezaleel Woodward, the first tutor and first professor 
in Dartmouth College, and a graduate of Yale College in 1764 ; was 
tutor from 1770 to 1778, and professor from 1782 to 1804. He 
married Mary, daughter of Eleazer Wheelock, D.D., the founder of 
the College. Her portrait was also secured and hangs by the side 
of her husband. They were presented by William S. Woodward, 
Esq., of Brooklyn, |N\ Y., a grandson. 

Gen. Henry Kemble Oliver, Class of 1818. An original by 
Adelaide Cole. Presented by his family. 

vol. xlhi. 4* 



38 Portraits of New Hampshire Public Men. [Jan. 

Hon. Edwin VT. Stoughton, LL.D., of New York. An origi- 
nal portrait painted by his wife, Mrs. Mary Fiske Stoughton, aud 
presented by her to the College. Mr. Stoughton was a liberal bene- 
factor to the Medical College, in the sum of $12,000. 

Hon. Edward Ashton Rollins, Class of 1851. An original 
by U. D. Tenney, two thirds length, in sitting posture. Mr. Rol- 
lins erected and presented to the College the elegant chapel, which 
bears his name, and was dedicated in June, 1885. 

Hon. Lincoln Flagg Brigham, LL.D., Class of 1842. An 

original by AYalker, of Boston. Two thirds length, in a 

standing position. Presented to the College by his family. Judge 
Brigham has been Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Massa- 
chusetts since 1869. 

Rev. Daniel Poor, D.D., Class of 1811. An original painting. 
Presented to the College by bis family. Dr. Poor was an early, 
eminent and successful foreign missionary. 

Rev. William Goodell, D.D., Class of 1817. Painted by 
Loyer. Presented by his son and daughter. He was a distin- 
guished foreign missionary for many years. 

Samuel Harvey Taylor, LL.D., Class of 1832. An original 
painting. Presented to the College by his sister, the wife of Ex- 
Gov. Horace Fairbanks, of St. Johnsbury, Yt. Dr. Taylor was 
the distinguished principal of Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 
from 1837 to 1871. 

Hon. Samuel Sumner TTilde, LL.D., Class of 1789. An 
original by Thomas B. Lawson, of Lowell. Mass. Presented to the 
College by Hon. Nathan Crosby, LL.D., of the Class of 1820. 
Judge Wilde was a member of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts 
from 1815 to 1850. 

Hon. Nathan Crosby, LL.D., Class of 1820. An original by 
Thomas B. Lawson, of Lowell, Mass. Presented to the College 
by his family. 

Benjamin Pierce Cheney. An original by Thomas B. Lawson, 
of Lowell, Mass. Two thirds length, sitting posture. Mr. Cheney 
has been a generous benefactor to the College. Painted by order of 
•the trustees. His gift was $50,000. 

Hon. George Gilman Fogg, LL.D. , Class of 1839. An original 
by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the College by John Edgerley, a 
nephew. Mr. Fogg was a benefactor to the College, U. S. Minister 
to Switzerland from 1861 to 1866, and U. S. Senator by appointment. 

Hon. Daniel Miltimore Christie, LL.D., Class of 1815. 
An original by 17. D. Tenney. Presented to the College by Mrs. 
Samuel M. Fisher, of Dover, his daughter. Mr. Christie was one 
-of the most eminent and successful lawyers in New Hampshire. 



1889.] The Pomeroys of Northampton, Mass. 39 

Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, D.D. An original by Miss Jennie 
Straw, of Concord, N. H. Presented to the College by his children. 
Dr. Bouton was a trustee of the College from 1840 to 1877. 

Henry Winkley, of Philadelphia, Pa. An original in oil by 
Ukle, and also a full size crayon by Kurtz. Presented to the College 
by Mr. Winkley, who w T as a munificent benefactor, in the sum of 
$80,000. 

Ex-Gov. Frederick Smyth, of New Hampshire. An original, 
two thirds length, by U. D. Tenney. Presented by himself. 

Rev. Asa Dodge Smith, D.D., LL.D. An original by U. D. 
Tenney, two thirds length. Presented to the College by Ex-Gov. 
Frederick Smyth. Dr. Smith graduated in 1830, was Trustee and 
President of the College from 1863 to 1877. 

Hon. William Plumer Wheeler, of Keene, X. H. An origi- 
nal by U. D. Tenney ; two thirds length. Presented to the College 
by his son. Mr. Wheeler was a supporter and friend of the College 
of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, and aided much in securing 
its location at Hanover, and funds for its support. 

Ex-President James A. Garfield. Full length, standing posi- 
tion. An original by Francis B. Carpenter, of New York. Present- 
ed to the College by Harold C. Bullard, a graduate from Dartmouth 
in 1884. 

Prof. Benjamin Greenleaf, Class of 1813. An original. 
Presented to the College by his daughters. He was a successful 
educator and author of many works in mathematics. 

Prof. Cyrus S. Richards, LL.D., Class of 1835. An original 
in oil by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the College by his pupils. 
Dr. Richards was a distinguished educator, and was principal of 
Kimball Union Academy at Meriden, New Hampshire, from 1835 
to 1871, and instructor in the Latin and Greek Languages in 
Howard University, Washington, D. C, from 1871 to 1885. 

Hon. Clinton W. Stanley. An original by U. D. Tenney. 
Presented by his wife. Mr. Stanley graduated in 18-49, was an 
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of N. H. from 1876 to 
1884. Trustee of the College from 1881 to 1884, and Trustee of the 
N. H. College of Agriculture from 1883—4. 



THE POMEROYS OF NORTHAMPTON, MASS. 

By William K. Wright, Esq., of Northampton, Mass. 

1. Eltwed Pomeroy, ancestor of Northampton Pomeroys, is supposed 
to have come to this country from Devonshire, England, in 1630. 
He was in Dorchester, Mass., 1633-1635 — was called in Dorchester 
records Eitwid Pumry. In Northampton records he is called 



■'[ 



40 The Pomeroy s of Northampton, Mass. [Jan. 

Eh wed Fumry. He probably remover! to Windsor, Conn., about 
16oo or 1C3G. His first wife died in Windsor, Conn., July 0, 1CG5. 
Her name not ascertained. His second wife was Lydia, widow of 
Thomas Parsons. The names of his children were : 
i. Mary, d. in Windsor, Dec. 19, 1640. 

ii. Johx, d. in Windsor, , 1(547. 

iii. Eldad, d. in Northampton. Mass., May 22, 1002. He grave his property 
(which was of small amount) to his betrothed Susanna Cnnliile. 
Her parents came from Dorchester (see Kegister, vol. xl. p. 256). 

2. iv. Medad, bap. Aug. 19, 1638. 

v. Caleb, bap. March 6, 1641 ; m. Hephsibah Baker, of Windsor.* 

vi. Mary 2d, bap. April 21, 1644; d. young. 

vii. Joshua, bap. Nov. 22, 1646; m. 1st, Elizabeth Eyman; 2d, Abigail 

Cook.f 
viii. Joseph, bap. June 20, 1652. 

Eltwed Pumry was brought from Windsor, Conn., to Northampton about 
the year 1G70 or 1671 — to be cared for in his old age by his son, Deacon 
Medad. 

2. Dea. Medad 2 Pumry (Ekiced 1 ) came from Windsor, Conn., to 
Northampton about the year 1659; was by trade a blacksmith, and 
seems to have been a man of sterling character and much influence. 
His homestead was in the centre of Northampton, bounded easterly 
on Meeting-house hill. The public house, long known as the 
Warner House, was situated on this homestead. Deacon Medad 
Pumry during his whole life was much respected and trusted by his 
fellow townsmen, holding many offices of trust and responsibility; 
was chosen Deacon of the church, Rev. Solomon Stoddard, pastor, in 
1675. He was often employed in the settlement of estates; was 
chosen town clerk in 1692, and town treasurer in 1693, which offices 
he held by annual re-election for a period of about twenty years. He 
was for many years one of the Board of Selectmen, and was elected 
a Representative to the General Court in 1677, 1683, 1684, 1685, 
1686, 1690 and 1692. He married 1st, Experience Woodward, 
Nov. 21, 1661. Shediediu 1686. He married 2d, Abigail Chauncy, 
widow of Rev. Nathaniel Chauncy and daughter of Elder John 
Stroug, Sept. 8, 1686. He married 3d, Hannah, widow of Thomas 
Noble of Westfield, Mass., Jan. 24, 1704. Children: 

3. i. John, 3 b. Aug. 24, 1662 ; d. Jan. 23, 1686. 
ii. Joseph, b. Dec. 24, 1664 ; d. Feb. 17, 1665. 

iii. Mehitable, b. July 3, 1666 ; m. John Kins. Jr., 1686. Their children : 
1. Mehitabel* b. March 13, 1690; m. Eliakim Strong, Aug. 13, 1712; 
lived in Durham, Conn. 2. Experience, b. April 17, 1693 ; m. Timothy 
Dwight, 1716. 3. Medad, b. March 26, 1699. 4. Catharine, b. Aug. 
17, 1701 ; m. James Hickock of Durham, Nov. 17, 1724. He died in 
seven months afterwards. She m. Nathaniel Phelps, Mav 25, 1730. 
5. John, b. April 1, 1704. 6. Tirins, b. June 1, 1706; d. 7. Thank- 
ful, b. Feb. 18, 1709; d. March 7, 1709. 

4. iv. Ebexezer, b. May 30, 1669. 

5. v. Joseph 2d. b. June 26, 1672; m. Hannah Sevmore, Nov. 29. 1692. 
vi. Medad, b. June 19, 1674; d. July 10, 1674. " 

vii. Eliakim, b. Aug. 10, 1675 ; d. July 23, 1676. 

viii. Mixdwell, b. July, 1677 ; m. Joseph Kin?, June 3, 1696. Their chil- 
dren are : 1. Sarah, 4 b. March 10, 1697 ; m. James Bunce, Aug. 16, 
1718. 2. Esther, b. Jan. 9, 1700; d. young. 3. Eunice, b. March 12, 

* The descendants of Caleb Pomeroy were very numerous. Many of his descendants 
settled in Southampton, Mass. 
f Joshua Pomeroy removed to Deerfield, Mass., 1684. 



1889.] The Pomeroys of Northampton , Mass. 41 

1703; m. Benjamin Alvord, Jr. 4. MindweU, b. March 15, 1705 ; m. 
Jonathan Bascom, 173G. 5. Phinea.s. b. Sept. 27, 1707. 6. Jos<j>k, 
b. Nov. 24, 1709. 7. Uiaakful, b. Feb. 9, 1712; m. Stephen Shel- 
don, 173G. 8. Simeon, b. Oct. 28, 1714. Joseph King m. 2d T 
MindweU Porter, Aug. 30, 1733. He d. Dec. 3, 1734. 

\x. Thankful, b. May 31, 1G79; m. Benjamin Lyman, Oct. 27, 1698. 

x. Mary, b. Feb. 15, 1684; m. Samuel Benton of Hartford, Conn. 

xi. John 2d, b. Mav 30. 1686; d. young. 

xii. Samuel, b. Sept. 16, 1687 ; m. Lydia Taylor, July 24, 1707. He was a 
graduate of Yale College 1705; was pastor at Newton, L. I., 1709- 
1744. The only child "of Samuel and Lydia mentioned in North- 
ampton records, Catharine, b. May 4, 1708. See sketch in Dexter' s 
Yale Biographies, pp. 39-80. 

Dea. Medad Pumry died Dec. 30, 1716, aged 79. 

3. John 4 Pomeroy (Medad, 2 Eltwed}) died Jan. 23, 1686. His estate 

settled in 1687. He married MindweU Sheldon, daughter of Isaac 
Sheldon, April 30, 1684. She married 2d, John Lyman, 16SG. In 
Northampton records there is mentioned but one child of John 
Pomeroy and MindweU : 
i. Experience, 4 b. Oct. 3, 1636; m. Ebenezer Lyman, Jan. 2, 1706-7. 
They had a family of six children. 

4. Ebenezer 8 Pomeroy (Medad 2 Eltwed 1 ) married 1st, Hannah Strong, 
March 4, 1690-1. She died same year. He married 2d, Sarah King, Dec. 
22,1692. Children: 

i. Sarah, 4 b. Nov. 22, 1693-4; d. young. 

6. ii. John, b. April 1, 1695-6. 

7. iii. Ebenezer, b. Sept. 18, 1697; m. Elizabeth Hunt. 

iv. Sarah 2d, b. Feb. 5, 1700 ; m. Noah Wright. Dec. 12, 1721. Their 
children: 1. Selah, b b. Sept. 24, 1722; m. Esther Lyman. 2. Caleb, 
m. Sarah Strong. 3. Elihu. 4. Xoah. bap. 1736. * 5. Elisha, bap. 
1739 ; was killed by a cart-wheel rolling over him in 1802. 6. Joel. 
The names of two other children, viz"., Mary Hunt and Catharine 
Lyman, are mentioned in the will of Capt. Noah "Wright. 

v. Sdieon, b. Feb. 21, 1702; was drowned in the Connecticnt River in 
returning from an expedition against the Indians, April 24, 1725. 

8. vi. Joslah, b. Dec. 29, 1703; m. Lydia Ashley. 

9. vii. Seth, b. Mav 20, 1706; m. Mary Hunt. 

10. viii. Daniel, b. March 27, 1709; m. Mary Clapp, May 25, 1733. 
ix. Thankful, b. July 15, 1712; m. Gad Lyman, June 27, 1738. 

Hon. Ebenezer Pomerov died Jan. 27, 1754. His wife Sarah died Nov. 
5, 1747. 

5. Joseph 3 Pomeroy (Medad, 2 Eltwed}) married Hannah Seymore, Nov. 

29, 1692. She married 2d, Josiah Hale. Joseph Pomeroy probably 
died in SutSeld, Dec. 16, 1712. Letters of administration were 
granted to Hannah, his widow, and Ebenezer Pomeroy of North- 
ampton. Inventory taken 1713. Children born in Northampton: 

L Hannah, 4 b. June 9, 1694 ; d. young. 
ii. Medad, b. July 18, 1695. 

From Suffield records the following names of children: 

iii. Eliaxem, b. Nov. 4, 1697; <L in 1711. 

iv. Hannah 2d, b. 1700. 

v. Joseph, b. July 15, 1702. 

vi Benjamin, b. Nov. 19, 1704; grad. Yale College 1733. (See sketch in 
Dexter s Yale Biographies, pp. 48.5-6.) His son Elihu* had a son 
Benjamin 6 who was father of Hon. Benjamin, 7 of whom a sketch is 
printed in the Register, xxxi. 233. 



42 The Pomeroys of Northampton, Mass. [Jan. 

vii. Nathantel, b. Jan. 23, 1706-7. 
viii. Noah, b. Oct. 20, 1700. 
The homestead in Suffield sold in 1715 to John Devotion, who was 
formerly from Wethersfield, Conn. 

6. Lieut. John 4 Pomeroy (Ebenezer, 9 Medadr Eltwed 1 ) died June 4, 
1736; married Rachel Sheldon, May 20, 1718. Children: 

i. John, 3 b. Sept. 1, 1719. The writer thinks that this John must have 
died young, and a 2d John born about 1726. The reasons for this 
conjecture are : 1st, the fact that the widow Rachel was appointed 
guardian of her children in 1736, John among others, who were then 
under 14 years of age: and 2d, Capt. John, according to North- 
ampton records, died March 3, 17G0, in his 32d year. 

ii. Elisha, b. Jau. 20, 1720-1 ; in. Esther Wright. 

iii. Rachel, b. April li, 1723; m. Isaac Neweli of Farmington, Conn. 

iv. Simeon, b. May 3, 1726. 

v. John 2d (prob.), b. about 1728; m. Hannah Merrick of Springfield, 
1753. She m. 2d, Dea. Jonathan Hunt. She cl. in 1801, aged 72. 

vi. Oliver, m. Marv Lvman, 1750 : settled in Wethersfield. 

vii. Titus, b. Sept. 14, 1731; d. Feb. 14, 1732. 

viii. Eunice, bap. Aug. 7, 1734; m. James Easton of Litchfield, Conn., 
April 26, 1753, according to Farmington records. 

ix. Titus 2d, bap. Oct. 10, 1736. Settled in South Hadley, Mass. 

7. Ebenezer 4 Pomeroy (Ebenezer* Medad? Eltwed 1 ) married Elizabeth 

Hunt, Jan. 30, 1722. Children: 
i. Ebenezer, 5 b. May 1, 1723. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 27, 1727; d. Feb. 3, 1727. 
iii. Elizabeth 2d, b. March 3, 1720; m. 1st, Elisha Hawley, Dec. 4, 1751. 

She m. 2d, Phineas Lyman. 
iv. Stethen, b. July 13, 1732 ; m. Eleanor Lyman. 
v. He man, b. June 27, 1734 ; m. Esther Lyman. 
vi. Ethan, b. Jan. 22, 1735-6; d. Jan. 26, 1736. 
vii. Esther, bap. Aug. 7, 1737 ; m. Elijah Lyman, 1771. 

Dea. Ebenezer Pomeroy died April 22, 1774. His widow died June 
10, 1782, aged 81. 

8. Josiah 4 Pomeroy (Ebenezer, 9 Medad,* Eltwed 1 ) married Lydia Ashley 

of Westfield, Mass., 1731. She died Dec 17, 1772, aged 63. He 
married 2d, Anne . Children : 

i. Adlxo,* b. Sept. 22, 1732; m. Lois Strong. 

ii. Eleazer, b. Oct. 17, 1734 ; m. Lydia Phelps. 

iii. Shammah, b. Oct. 24, 1736; m. Anne Mattoon of Northfield. 

iv. Lucy, b. Feb. 15, 1730; m. Samuel Parsons, Nov. 16, 1768. Their 
children: 1. J/ary, bap. Oct. 8, 1760. 2. Sarah, b. Jan. 6, 1771. 3. 
Anne, bap. May 23, 1773. 4:. Luke, bap. Nov. 27, 1774. 5. Lucy, 
bap. April 6, 1777; m. Heman Pomerov, 1707. 6. John, bap. Nov. 
20, 1778. 7. George, bap. April 16, 1732. 

v. Joslah, b. July 21, 1741; m. Joanna "Wright of Northfield, 1762; re- 
moved to Warwick, 1766. 

vi. Eunice, b. Sept. 8, 1743; m. 1st, Jonathan Hall, 1772; m. 2d, Rev. 
Noah Williston, Nov. 25, 1770. 

vii. Dorothy, b. Feb. 2, 1745 ; m. John Treadwell of Farmington. 

viii. Ben.lamin, b. March 10, 1747. 

ix. Jonathan, b. Feb. 26, 1740 ; d. in Williamsburgh, Mass., Oct. 4, 1701 ; 
left a family. 

The names of children mentioned in the settlement of the estate of Josiah 
Pomeroy are : Adino, Eleazer, Shammah, Josiah, Benjamin, Jonathan, 
Eunice Williston and Dorothy Treadwell. Estate settled 1789. 



1889.] The Pomeroys of J¥ortha7npton, 3fass. 43 

9. Col. Seth 4 Pomeroy (Ebenezer* Jfedad, 2 Elhced}) died in the army 
at Peekskill, Feb. 19, 1777, aged 71. He was a patriot of the 
revolution, conspicuous for his bravery at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. (See Register, Vol. 29, p. 401.) He married Mary Hunt, 
Dec. 14, 17o2. She died Sept. 11, 1777, in her 72d year. Children : 

i. SETH,*b. Sept. 26, 1733; was a graduate of Yale College, 1753. A 
tutor at Yale, 1750-1757 ; studied for the ministry ; settled at Green- 
field Hill, Conn. ; d. there 1770. 
ii. Quartus, b. May 14, 1735. 

iii. Medad, bap. Nov. 14, 1730; grad. Yale College, 1757; studied medi- 
cine; m. Sarah Hunt, dau. of Samuel Hunt of Xorthrteld, Mass., 
Oct. 15, 1767. They "were dismissed in 1771 from the Northiield 
church to the church in Warwick. They lived there more than half 
a century. " The following lines," says the Hampshire Gazette of 
May 23, 1787, "were a few clays since found in a coffin placed in 
Dr. Pomeroy's orchard, a few rods back of his house in Warwick, 
and are inserted verbatim : 

Now I have come you must dy 
and in my bowels you Shall ly 
and if its true what God he says 
youl be a pray to Daniel Shays 
But before the day of Tune 
Youl think you are in an air bylune 
But whether you Go to heaven or hell 
I am Shure I cannot Stay to Tell." 
iv. Lemuel, b. Sept. 24, 1738. 
v. Martha, b. Aug. 12, 1740 ; m. Rev. Bulkley Olcott of Charlestown, 

" N. H. 
vi. Mary, b. Aug. 16, 1742; m. Dr. Levi Shepard. 
vii. Sarah, b. June, 1744; m. Abraham Burbank of West Springfield, 

Mass., 1770. 
viii. A Child that died ; b. February, 1747. 
ix. Asahel, b. Dec. 1, 1749. 

10. Lieut. Daniel 4 Pomeroy (Ebeneze?; 3 Medad, 2 Eltwed 1 ) married 1st, 
Mary Clapp, May 25, 1733. She was daughter of Samuel and 
Mary (Sheldon) Clapp, born Sept. 21, 1733; died June 6, 1734, in 
her 21st year. He married 2d, Rachel Moseley, Nov. 4, 1736. She 
married 2d, Lieut. Moses Dewey of Westfield, Mass., June 9, 1763. 
She died in Northampton, Feb. 1, 1787, aged 82. Children: 
i. Pliny, 4 b. May 19, 1734; m. Sarah Allen, [Their son Gaius 6 was 
father of Betsey, 7 the mother of the compiler. See Register, xl. 
283.— Ed.] 
ii. Daniel, b. Nov. 3, 1737. 

iii. Abigail, b. Sept. 12, 1739 ; m. Enos Kingsley, Dec. 22, 1763. Their 
children: 1. Lucretia,* b. 1764; m. Levi Lyman. 1739. 2. Abigail, 
b. 1766; m. Joseph Hunt Breck, 1791. 3. Esther, b. 1768; m. 
Moses Parsons, Jr., 1790. 4. Enos, b. 1770. 5. Asceneth, b. 1772; 
* m. Jacob Wicker, 1796. 6. Sarah, b. 1775; m. Seth Pomeroy, 1800. 

7. Bachel, b. 1777; m. Levi Field, 1804. 8. Jemima, b. 17S0; m. 
Isaac Gere, 1798. 9. Ann, b. 1782; m. Theodore Parsons, 1807. 
10. Sophia, b. 1784; m. Theodore Parsons, 1818. 
iv. Abishai, b. Jan. 11, 1741; d. Jan. 21, 1742. 
v. Timothy, b. April 16, 1742. 

vi. Rachel, b. Jan. 14, 1744-5 ; m. Quartus Pomeroy, beins; his 2d wife. 
vii. Jerusha, b. March 7, 1746; m. a Sacket of Westfield, Mass. 
viii. William, b. May 8, 1750. 

ix. Eleanor, b. Oct. 20, 1752; m. Noble Dewey of Westfield, Mass. 
x. Justin, bap. July 20, 1755 ; d. 1790. 

Lieut. Daniel Pomeroy was slain in the battle of Lake George, Sept. 
1755. See Register, vol. xli. page 94. 



44 Inscriptions in Colcheste'r Burying- Ground. [Jan. 



MEMORANDA OF ALL THE INSCRIPTIONS IN THE OLD 
BURYING GROUND AT COLCHESTER, CONN. 

WITH SOME NOTES FROII THE TOWN RECORDS. 

By Frank E. Randall, Esq., of New York City. 
[Continued from vol. xlii. page 3S9.] 

277. Mr. Nathaniel Kellogg 1757 in 86th. yr. 

278. Mrs. Margaret, wife of Nathaniel Kellogg, d. 13 Dec. 1747 in 71st. yr. 

279. Ebenezer Kellogg d. 22 Aug. 1746 in^Oth yr. 

280. Mrs. Mabel, wife of Mr. Ebenezer Kellogg, d. 3 Sep. 1742 in 60th yr. 

281. Mr. Jonathan Kellogg d. 8 Aug. 1771 in 9 2d. yr. 

282. Ann, wife of Jonathan Kellogg, d. 14 Aug. 1769 in 78th. yr. 

283. Jonathan Kellogg Jun. d. July 1745 in year of age. 

284. Dea. Samuel Kellogg d. 31 July 1783 in his 90th. yr. 

285. Mrs. Abigail Kellogg, relict of Dea. Samuel Kellogg d. 23 Aug. 

1802 in 93d. yr. 

286. Mrs. Ann Kellogg dau. of Mr. Samuel Kellogg and Mrs. Abigail his 

wife, d. 9 July 1758 in her 16th. yr. 

287. Ebenezar Kellogg d. 9 Feb. 1788 in 79th. yr. 

288. Mr. Abner Kellogg d. 18 Nov. 1754 in 38th. yr. 

289. Mr. John Kellogg d. 22 Jan. 1762 in 48th. yr. 

290. Mrs. Mary, relict of Mr. John Kellogg, d. 2 July 1794 in 76th. yr. 

291. Emenda, dau. of John and Mary Kellogg, d. 25 March, 1798 

sb. 2 m. 5 d. 

292. Israel Kellogg d. 12 Feb. 1784 in 63rd. yr. 

293. Abigail wife of Israel Kellogg d. 9 June 1780 in 50th yr. 

294. Samuel Kellogg d. 24 Nov. 1825 ae. 87. 

" In his will he bequeathed to the town $2,000 for the support of the poor, 
and to the 1st Society $700 for the support of the Gospel Ministry." 

295. Mary Kellogg, consort of Samuel Kellog, d. 23 Feb. 1813 ae. 70. 

296. Capt. Abner Kellogg d. 24 July 1821 in 76th. yr. 

297. Daniel Kellogg d. 28 Mav 1829 ae. 80. 

298. Elizabeth, wife of Dan!. Kellogg, d. 23 May 1815 ae. 62. 

299. Infant son of Daniel and Elizabeth Kellogg- d. 25 Dec. 1778. 

300. Charles, s. of Mr. Daniel and Elizabeth Kellogg d. 6 Feb. 1786 ae. 

4 yr. 6 m. 

301. Daniel son of Daniel and Elizabeth Kellogg d. 28 May 1822 in 

43 rd. yr. 

302. Sarah, wife of Butler Kellosrg, d. 9 Jan. 1845 33. 78. 

303. Daniel Kellogg d. 20 Feb. 1855 ae. 88. 

304. Susannah, wife of Daniel Kellogg, d. 9 Sept. 1832 ae. 63. 

305. Betsey, wife of John Kellogg, d. 6 July 1856 ae. 68. 

306. Elizabeth W. dau. of Jno. and Betsey Kellogg d. 15 July 1839 ee. 17. 

307. John W. son of John and Betsey Kellogg d. 1 Mch. 1836 33. 4 y. 5 m. 

308. Capt. Charles Kellogg d. 19 Nov. 1831 ae. 40. 

309. Elizabeth Kellogg d. 16 Sept. 1821 in 21st. yr. 

310. Charles Edward, son of Daniel and Jane E. Kellogg, d. 17 June 

1852 33. 6 mos. 3d. 



n 






1889.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 45 

The Kelloggs are said to have come from TIatfield. Nathaniel Kellogg (No. 
277) had recorded in Colchester : 

1. Nathaniel, b. 8 May, 1703. 

2. Sarah, b. 27 Dec. 1707; m. 19 Feb. 172S-9, Mr. Judali Lewis, first pastor 

of the Colchester Church, and d. 17 April 1732, a. 20 (gr. St.). 

3. Lydia, b. 29 May, 1710. (See 244.) 

The will of Nathaniel Kellogg, dated 27 Apr. 1750, proved 1757, mentions wife 

Priscilla; son John (perhaps 289), daus. Campfield, Editba Pratt (wife 

of Joseph), and Lydia Hopson ; grandson Charles Kellogg of Bolton and Na- 
thaniel Kellogg ; granddaus. Elizabeth Clark, Sarah Bingham, Delight Andrus, 
Margaret AVebb and Ann Kellogg : dan. -in-law Lydia Kellogg ; grandsons David, 
-Ezra and Abner (probably 290) Kellogg ; granddaus. Rachel, Lydia. Margaret 
and Sarah Kellogg; grandsons Oliver and Russell Kellogg, and granddau. Sarah 
Crocker. The estate of Nathaniel Kellogg was divided 1-4 Feb. 1738, between 
Johu Kellogg; Charles Kellogg; Nathaniel Kellogg; Elizabeth Clark; Sarah 
Bingham ; Delight Andrus ; .Margaret Webb ; Ann Kellogg ; David Kellogg ; 
Abner, Ezra, Ezekiel. Lydia and Mary Kellogg ; Sarah Crocker ; Lydia Kellogg ; 
Margaret's heirs ; Editha Pratt. 

Nathaniel Kellogg (son of 277) m. 1 July, 1725, Elizabeth Williams, and had 
recorded at Colchester : 

1. Charles, b. 17 Sept. 1720; m. Sarah, dau. of John Hitchcock. 

2. Elizabeth, b. 8 July, 1729; m. Clark. 

3. Sarah, b. 22 Feb. 1731-2; m. Bingham. 

4. Delight, b. 5 Oct. 1734 ; m. Andrus. 

5. Margaret, b. 7 Jan. 1730-7; m. AVebb. 

John Kellogg (No. 289) m. Mary (No. 290) dau. of Israel and Hannah Newton, 
b. 1 Mch. 1719. 

The inventory of Abner Kellogg (No. 288 aud probably son of 277) was taken 
12 Feb. 1755 ; and 1 April, 1755. Lydia Kellogg was appointed guardian to Lydia, 
David, Abner (No. 290), Ezekiel, Margaret and Ezra Kellogg. 

Ebenezer Kellogg (? No. 279) m. July, 1700, Mabell Butler (No. 280), and 
had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Abigail, b. 25 June, 1707 ; m. Samuel Gillet. (See 198.) 

2. Ebenezer, b. 30 Jan. 1709-10. (No. 287.) 

3. Elizabeth, b. 25 Sept. 1712. 

4. Mary, b. 3 June, 1715. 

5. Prudence, b. 21 Dec. 1717. 

The will of Ebenezer Kellogg, dated 19 Sept. 1745, proved 3 June, 1740 (sic), 
mentions son Ebenezer, daus. Mary Merrils and Prudence Roberts, granddaus. 
Abigail Gillet and Elizabeth Roberts, whose mothers were dead. 

Jonathan Kellogg (No. 281) m. 3 Jan. 1710-11, Ann Newton (No. 282), (probably 
dau. of James and sister of Nos. 355 and 357), b. at Colchester 13 April, 1092, 
and had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Jonathan, b. 18 Sept. 1712 (No. 283). Adm. on his est. gr. 10 Sept. 1745, 

to Geo. Brown aud Joseph Kellogg. 7 Oct. 1740, Jonathan Kellogg 
appointed guardian to Martin, son of Jonathan Kellogg, Jr. Israel 
Kellogg appointed guardian to two of his children, 5 May, 1747. 

2. Joseph, b. June, 1714. 

3. Margaret, b. 10 Aug. 1710. 

4. Stephen, b. 15 Mch. 1724. 

5. Silas, b. 11 Jan. 1732-3. 

6. Martin, b. 15 Feb. 1734-5. 

Samuel Kellogg died at Colchester 24 Aug. 1708. The will of Mrs. Hannah 
Kellogg of Colchester, dated 18 April, 1745, proved 7 Jan. 1745-0, states that 
she is the widow of Samuel Kellogg. It mentions sons Samuel (No. 284) and 
Joseph, daus. Hannah and Eunice, and son-in-law Benjamin Quitertield. Eunice 
Kellogg m. Benjamin Quitertield, 11 July, 1728. 

Dea. Samuel Kellogg (No. 284) m. 8 Jan. 1735-0, Abigail Sterling (No. 285), 
and had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Abigail, b. 29 Oct. 1730. 

2. Samuel, b. 20 Dec. 1738. (No. 294.) 

3. Hannah, b. 30 Sept. 1740. 
VOL. XLIII. 5 



46 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. [Jan. 

4. Ann, b. 30 Nov. 1742 ; d. 9 Julv, 17^8, in lCth yr. (28G.) 

5. Mary, b. 27 April, 1745. (N. S.) 

6. Eunice, b. 26 Feb. 1747. 

7. Daniel, b. 1 June, 1749. (No. 297.) 

311. Jonathan Kilborn Esq., d. 14 Oct. 1785 in 79th. yr. 

" He was a man of invention, great above all that lived nigh, 
But he could not invent to live, when God called him to die." 

312. Mrs. Mary Kilborn, wife of Jonathan Kilborn Esq., d. 11 Aug. 

1780 in 65th. yr. 

313. Mrs. Sarah Kilborn, dau. of Elijah and Sarah Kilborn, d. 2 Apr. 

1788 in her 21st. yr. 

314. Mrs. Elesebeth, dau. of Capt. David and Mrs. Lydia Kilborn, d. 6 

Aug. 1784 in 10th. yr. 

Jonathan Kilborn (No. 311), son of Jonathan Kilborn, was born at Colchester, 
8 June, 1707. His will, dated 15 June, 1781, proved 7 Feb. 1786, mentions sons 
Jonathan and David (see 314), the heirs of his dau. Mary Bisrelow dee'd (No. 
31), and Charles, son of his dau. Lydia Waterman dee'd (probably 470). ■ 

315. Rev. Ephraim Little pastor of 1st. Ch. in Colchester, d. 5 June 

1787 in 80th yr. and 55th. of his ministry. 

316. Elizabeth, consort of Rev. Ephraim Little, d. 13 Nov. 1754 in 40th. 

317. Mrs Abigail Little, consort of Rev. Ephraim Little, d. 24 June 1786 

in 69th. yr. (See No. 240.) 

318. Ephraim, son of Rev. Ephraim and Elizabeth Little, d. 9 Dec. 1745 

ae. 3 yrs. 

319. Samuel Loomis, 1st. Dea. of 1st. Church in this town, d. 19th. May 

1754 in 88th. yr. 

320. Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Dea. Samuel Loomis, formerly wife of Mr. 

Richard Church (see No. 99), d. 10 Aug. 1741 33. 78 y. 6 m. and 
1 day. 

321. Mrs. Elizabeth Loomis, wife of Dea. Samuel Loomis, d. 18 Feb. 

1736 in 39th. yr. 

322. Dea. Samuel Lomis Jun., d. 10 July 1753 in 62d. yr. 

323. Mrs. Elizabeth Lomies, relict of Dea. Samuel Lomies, Jun., d. 27 

May 1760 in her 68th. yr. 

324. Capt. Jacob Lomis, Dea. of 1st. Church in Colchester, d. 27 June 

1757 in 63d. yr. 

325. Mrs. Hannah, wife of Capt. Jacob Loomis, d. 26 Aug. 1766 in 75th. yr. 

326. Lieut. Azariah Lomis d. 9 Feb. 1758 in 57th. yr. 

327. Daniel Loomis d. 28th Mch. 1784 in 76th. yr. 

328. Hannah, wife of Daniel Loomis, d 11 Mch. 1772 

329. Mary, dau. of Mr. Daniel and Hannah Loomis, d. 7 Apr. 1777 in 

44th. yr. 

330. Martha, wife of Samuel Loomis, d. 26 Sept. 1839 ae. 88. Alice 

their dau. d. 13 Mch. 1790 ae. 3. 

331. A son of Mr. Samuel and Martha Loomis, d. 4 Nov. 1773. 

332. Edward, s. of Lebbeus and Eliza Loomis, of New York, d. 4 Oct. 

1798 ae. 15 mos. 
The Loomis Family came from Windsor. 
Samuel Loomis (No. 319) had these children recorded at Colchester: 

1. Azariah, b. 2 May, 1700 (No. 32G), m. 25 Dec. 1723, Abigail Newton, and 

had recorded : (1) Dimmis, b. 5 Sept. 1724. (2) Silence, b. Jan. 1737. 

2. Elizabeta, b. 13 Nov. 1702 j m. 3 Jan. 1720-1, Daniel Worthington. 



1889.] Official Positions of Princeton Alumni. 47 

3. Sarah, b. 7 Mch. 1705 ; m. 20 Aug. 1725, John Day, Jim. (see Note to 

No. 130). 

4. Caleb, b. 20 Sept. 1707 (see Note No. 130) ; m. 23 Feb. 1728-0, Joannh 

dau. of John Skinner (No. -J 21). and had recorded Caleb b. 28 Nov. 172'.). 

5. Daniel, b. 20 Feb. 1708-0 (No. 327) : m. 7 Oct. 1731, Hannah Witherell 

(No. 328), and had recorded: (1) Hannah, b. 15 Julv, 1732. (2) 
Mercy, b. 18 Aug. 1733 (No. 320). (3) Daniel, b. 16 June, 1735. 

The estate of Samuel Loomis was divided by agreement made 5 Feb. 1751-5, 
between his widow Elizabeth, his sons Jacob (No. 324), Azariah, Caleb and 
Daniel, and his daus. Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Worthington, and Sarah, wife of 
John Day. 

Samuel Lomis (No 322 and son of No. 310) m. 12 Dec. 1717, Elizabeth (No. 
323) dau. of John and Elizabeth (Gates) Holmes, and died without issue. His 
widow, by will dated 14 April, 17G0, proved 7 July, 17G0, left her estate to her 
brother John Holmes; to the heirs of her deceased brother George Holmes; to 
her sisters Dorothy, wife of Clement Daniels, Mary, wife of John Way, Sarah, 
wife of Thomas Gustin, and to her niece Ann (540), wife of Elijah Worthington, 
who was dau. of the Kev. Joseph and Ann (Holmes) Lovett. 

The will of Azariah Lomis (No. 326), dated 17 Sept. 1755, proved 1 May, 1758, 
mentions wife Abigail, dau. Dimmis, wife of Dudley Wright (see No. 55G), and 
dau. Silence Clark. 

Jacob Lomis (No. 324 and son of No. 310), m. 22 March, 1716, Hannah Taylor 
(No. 325), perhaps dau. of John. His will, dated 25 April, 1748, proved 4 July, 
1757, mentions wife Hannah, but no children, and states that he has father, 
brothers and sisters living. 

[To be continued.] 



ALUMNI OF THE COLLEGE OF NEW JEESEY \YHO 
HAVE HELD OFFICIAL POSITION. 

By Richard H. Greene, A.M., of New York City. 

""VTEXT in the order of its incorporation, and forty-six years after Yale, 
_LN Nassau Hall was established at Elizabethtown, one year later at 
Newark, and after ten years at Princeton, N. J., a favorable location, as 
events proved, a kind of middle ground between the Puritan and Planter 
elements and their schools at New England and Virginia. One President 
of the United States, James Madison, who held the office two terms, gradu- 
uated at Princeton 1771. Two Vice Presidents, Aaron Burr (1772) and 
George M. Dallas (1810), and one acting Vice President, S. L. Southard 
(1804). Many will remember how near Princeton came to counting another 
president. Prior to the amendment to the Constitution in 1804, the 
Electors voted for two persons on the same ballot, the one receiving the 
highest number was declared president; the one for whom the next num- 
ber was cast, the vice president. Washington at each election received the 
vote of every elector, while John Adams received 34 out of 69 at the first, 
and 77 out of 132 at the second election. Aaron Burr, who had graduated 
at the age of 16, only 20 years before, and was then a United States Senator, 
received one of the scattering votes. In 1706, when John Adams was 
elected, he received 71 votes, Thomas Jefferson 68, Thomas Pinckuey 59, 
Aaron Burr 30, Samuel Adams (Harv.) 15, Oliver Ellsworth (Princ.) 11, 
George Clinton, John Jay (Columb.) and five others the balance. At the 
succeeding election Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr each received the 73 
Republican votes, John Adams 65, C. C. Pinckney 64, John Jay 1, making 



48 



Official Positions of Princeton Alumni. 



[Jan. 



a tie. The choice devolved on the House of Representatives, which after 36 
ballots elected Jefferson and made Burr Vice Presideut. It is interesting 
to note that George M. Dallas (Princ.) was elected over T. Frelingliuysen 
(Princ.) in 1841. Richard Stockton (Princ.) and Richard Rush (Princ.) 
each received votes for vice president in 1820. and the latter again in 1823. 
John Sargeant voted for in 1832, Robert G. Harper in 181C and 1820, 
W. L. Dayton in 1856, Frank P. Blair in 1868 and A. II. Colquitt in 1872, 
were also graduates of Princeton. 



Class 
1766 



Chief Justice U. S. 



Oliver Ellsworth. 



Associate Justices U. S. Supreme Court. 



1788 Smith Thompson. 
1790 William Johnson. 
1763 William Paterson. 



1774 

1808 



H. Brookholst Livingston. 
James M. Wavne. 



U. S. Cabinet Officers. 

1771 James Madison, Secretary of State. 
1781 Edward Livingston, " '* 
1781 Eobert Smith, 

1799 John Forsyth, 

1792 George M. Bibb, Secretary of the Treasury. 

1794 G. W. Campbell, " 

1797 Richard Rush, " 

1820 Geo. W. Crawford, Secretary of War. 

1848 Wm. W. Belknap, 

1852 J. D. Cameron, " " 

Robert Smith, Secretary of the Navy. 

1788 Smith Thomson, " " 

1789 Mahlon Dickerson, " " 
1804 Samuel L. Southard, M " 
1847 George M. Robeson, " " 
1822 James A. Pearce, Secretary of the Interior. 

1772 William Bradford, Attorney General U. S. 
1775 Charles Lee, ' **. 

1781 Robert Smith, " " " 

1796 John M. Berrien, M " " 

1797 Richard Rush, " " " 
1834 Benjamin H. Brewster, " " " 



22 



U. S. Envoys and Ministers. 



1766 Oliver Ellsworth. 

1776 William R. Davie. 

1781 Edward Livingston. 

1784 James A. Bayard. 

1794 George W. Campbell. 

1795 John Sergeant. 
1797 Richard Rush. 



1799 John Forsyth. 

1804 Joseph R. IngersolL 

1810 George M. Dallas. 

1814 Richard H. Bayard. 

1825 William L. Dayton. 

1842 George H. Boker. 



13 



U. S. Senators. 



1752 S. Livermore. 

1756 Alexander Martin. 

1763 William Paterson. 

1766 Oliver Ellsworth. 

1769 John Henry. 

1770 Frederick Frelinghuysen. 

1772 Aaron Burr. 

1773 Morgan Lewis. 
1773 Aaron Ogden. 



1774 John E. Calhoun. 

1774 Jonathan Mason. 

1775 Isaac Tichenor. 

1776 William R. Davie. 
1776 Jonathan Dayton. 
1776 John Rutherford. 

1779 Richard Stockton. 

1780 A. B. Venable. 

1781 William Branch Giles. 



1889.] Official Positions of Princeton Alumni, 



49 



1781 


Edward Livingston. 


1806 


1784 


James A. Bayard. 


1806 


1785 


Robert Goodioe Harper. 


1806 


1788 


David Stoue. 


1810 


1788 


Nicholas Vau Dyke. 


1814 


1789 


Mahlon Dickerson. 


1820 


1790 


John Taylor. 


1821 


1791 


Jacob Burnet. 


1822 


1792 


George M. Bibb. 


1825 


1794 


George W. Campbell . 


1835 


1796 


John M. Berrien. 


1836 


1797 
1797 


Henry W. Edwards. 


1838 


George Mcintosh Troup. 


1839 


1798 


Daniel E. linger. 


1841 


1799 


John Forsyth. 


1843 


1803 


Alfred Cuthbert. 


1844 


1804 


Samuel L. Southard. 


1852 


1804 


Theodore Frelinghuysen. 


1859 




Delegates a>t> Rei 


RESENTAT 


1748 


Richard Stockton. 


1781 


1749 


"William Burnet. 


1781 


1751 


Nathaniel Scudder. 


1781 


1752 


Samuel Livermore. 


1782 


1755 


Jos. Montgomery. 


1782 


1755 


Isaac Smith. 


1784 


1756 


Jesse Root. 


1784 


1757 


Joseph Reed. 


1785 


1758 


Jeremiah Van Rensselaer. 


1785 


1760 


John Archer. 


1786 


f 1760 


J. B. Smith. 


1787 


1760 


Benjamin Rush. 


1788 


1761 


Thomas Henderson. 


1788 


1762 


James Manning. 


1788 


• 1762 


Jonathan D. Sergeant. 


1788 


1763 


William Paterson. 


1789 


1764 


Thomas Treadwell. 


1789 


1765 


John Bacon. 


1789 


1765 


Richard Hutson. 


1790 


1765 


David Ramsay. 


1792 


1766 


Oliver Ellsworth. 


1792 


1766 


David Howell. 


1792 


1766 


Luther Martin. , 


1794 


1766 


Nathaniel Niles. 


1794 


1767 


Nathaniel Ramsay. 


1794 


1768 


Pierrepout Edwards. 


1795 


1768 


William C. Houston. 


1795 


1769 


John Beatty. 


1795 


1769 


John Henry. 


1796 


1769 


James Linn. 


1797 


1770 


Frederick Frelinghuysen. 


1797 


1771 


Gunning Bedford. 


1797 


1771 


James Madison. 


1797 


1773 


David Bard. 


1797 


1773 


Henry Lee. 


1799 


1773 


Aaron Odgen. 


1803 


1774 


Jonathan Mason. 


1804 


1774 


William S. Smith. 


1804 


1775 


John A. Scudder. 


1804 


1776 


Nathaniel Alexander. 


1804 


1776 


Jonathan Dayton. 


1805 


1776 


John W. Kittera. 


1805 


1779 


Richard Stockton. 


1805 


1780 


A. B. Venable. 


1805 


: 


VOL. XLHI. 5* 





James Iredell. 
Arnold Naudain. 
John W. Walker. 
George Mifllin Dallas. 
Richard H. Bayard. 
Alfred Iverson. 
Richard S. Field. 
James A. Pearce. 
William L. Dayton. 
James Chestnut. 
John S. Hager. 
James W. Wall. 
James Kerr Kelly. 
Frank P. Blair. 
John P. Sockton. 
Alfred N. Colquitt. 
James Donald Cameron. 
George Gray. 



William Crawford. 
William B. Giles. ■ 
Edward Livingston. 
Conrad Elmendorf. 
John A. Hanna. 
James A. Bayard. 
Peter R. Livingston. 
Robert G. Harper. 
James Wilkin. 
James H. Imlay. 
Evan Alexander. 
N. W. Howell. 
William Kirkpatrick. 
David Stone. 
N. Van Dyke. 
Isaac Pierson. 
E. K. Wilson. 
Silas Wood. 
John Taylor. 
William Chetwood. 
Peter Early. 
George C. Maxwell. 
Thomas M. Bayly. 
James M. Broom. 
George W. Campbell. 
Silas Condit. 
John Sergeant. 
John Taylor. 
William Gaston. 
Thomas Bayly. 
James W. Clarke. 
Henry W. Edwards. 
Charles F. Mercer. 
George M. Troup. 
John Forsvth. 
Alfred Cuthbert. 
Georsre Chambers. 
T. H. Crawford. 
Theodore Frelinghuysen. 
J. R. Ingersoll. 
Stevenson Archer. 
John A. Cuthbert. 
R. W. Habersham. 
George Holcombe. 



54 



: 



50 



Official Positions of Princeton Alumni. 



[Jan, 



1805 Thomas Telfair. 

1806 Edward Colston. 

1807 Aleon Marr. 

1808 William II. Hevward. 

1808 James M. Wayne. 

1809 Samuel W. Eager. 

1800 Benjamin Chew Howard. 

1810 Andrew I). W. Bruyn. 
1810 Kensey Johns. 

1810 John T. Stoddert. 

1812 William Halsted. 

1812 S. J. Wilkie. 

1813 William Pennington. 

1813 John Wurts. 

1814 Richard H. Bayard. 

1815 Littleton Kirkpatrick. 

1816 James McDowell. 

1816 George M. Toland. 

1817 Chester Butler. 
1819 J. H. Lumpkin. 

1819 A. W. Venable. 

1820 G. W. Crawford. 
1820 J. H. Gholson. 
1820 Alfred Iverson. 
1820 George B. Rodney. 

1822 James A. Pearce. 

1823 John P. Bryant. 
1825 William S. Davton. 
1828 George H. Brown. 
1828 Richard B. Carmichael. 
1831 James Pollock. 

1833 D. S. Kaufman. 

1835 A. R. Boteler. 



1835 James G. Hampton. 

1836 John T. Masou. 

1836 John L. Newbold. 

1837 A. M. Bailey. 

1837 C. J. Biddell. 

1838 L. O'B. Branch. 
183S William G. Whitely. 

1839 Henrv M. Fuller. 

1839 Robert McKnight. 

1840 J. D. Clauson. 
1840 Thomas L. Jones. 

1840 N. G. Taylor. 

1841 Frank P. Blair. 

1841 John T. Nixon. 

1842 James B. Everhart. 

1843 F. H. Teese. 

1844 Alfred H. Colquitt. 
1844 James D. Strawbridge. 

1846 Stephen Archer. 

1847 William H. Armstrong. 
1847 Hiester Clymer. 

1847 George M. Robeson. 

1847 John~A. Swope. 

1850 Robert S. Green. 

1851 Barnes Compton. 

1852 James T. Jones. 
1852 Charles E. Phelps. 

1856 Edward Overton, Jr. 

1857 Charles Haisht. 

1858 John V. L. Findlay. 
1870 H. S. Harris. 

1870 H. G. Kyle. 



153 



Judges of the U. S. District Courts. 



1766 David Howell, R. I. 1805 

1768 Pierrepont Edwards, Conn. 1805 

1771 Gunning Bedford, Del. 1811 

1784 Joseph Clay, Ga. 1821 

1789 Mahlon Dickerson, N. J. 1841 

1794 G. W. Campbell, Tenn. 1844 

1795 John W. Smith, La. 1844 

1796 Philip C. Pendleton, Va. 1848 



Alfred Balch, Fla. 
John R. Cuthbert, Ala. 
James Dunlop, D. C. 
Richard S. Field, N. J. 
John T. Nixon, N. J. 
Alexander B. Hagner, D. C. 
John J. Jackson, W. V. 
John M. D. McKinney, Fla. 16 



Governors. 



1752 S. Livermore, N. H. 

1756 Alexander Martin, N. C. 

1763 William Paterson, N. J. 

1769 John Henry, Md. 

1771 Gunning Bedford, Del. 

1773 Harry Lee, Va. 

1773 Morgan Lewis, N. Y. 

1773 Aaron Odgen, N. J. 

1775 Isaac Tichenor, Vt. 

1776 N. Alexander, X. C. 
1776 William R. Davie, N. C. 
1781 William B. Giles, Va. 

1788 David Stone, N. C. 

1789 Mahlon Dickerson, N. J. 
1792 Peter Earley, Ga. 

1797 H. W. Edwards, Conn. 



1797 G. M. Troup, Ga. 

1799 John Forsyth, Ga. 

1804 S. L. Southard, N. J. 

1806 James Iredall, N. C. 

1806 Patrick Noble, S. C. 

1806 Samuel Spriggs, Md. 

1812 Benjamin W. Seabrook, S. C. 

1813 William Pennington, N. J. 
1816 James McDowell, Va. 
1820 G. W. Crawford, Ga. 
1820 Daniel Haines, N. J. 
1831 James Pollock, Penn. 
1839 Joel Parker, N. J. 

1844 Alfred H. Colquitt, Ga. 

1850 Robert Stockton Green, N. J. 

31 



1889.] Official Positions of Princeton Alumni 



51 



Judges of the highest State Courts. 



1748 Richard Stockton, N. J. 

1752 Samuel Livermore, Chf. N. H. 

1755 Isaac Smith, N. J. 

1756 Jesse Hoot, Chf. Conn. 
1759 Samuel Spencer, N. C. 
1763 William Paterson. N. J. 
1763 Tapping Reeve, Chf. Conn. 
1765 Richard Hutson, Chanc. S. C. 

1765 Jacob Rush, Chf. Peun. 

1766 Oliver Ellsworth, Conn. 
1766 David Howells, R. I. 
1766 Luther Martin, Md. 
1766 Nathaniel Niles, Vt. 

1770 Caleb Wallace, Chf. Kv. 

1771 II. II. Brackenrklge, Penn. 

1772 William Bradford. Penn. 

1773 Morgan Lewis. Chf. N. Y. 

1773 Aaron Ogden, Chanc. N. J. 

1774 H. B. Livingston, N. Y. 

1775 A. Kirkpatrick, Chf. N. J. 
1775 Spruce Macav, N. C. 
1775 Isaac Tichenbr, Chf. Vt. 
1779 M. McCallister, Ga. 

1779 James Riddle, Penn. 

1783 Jacob Radcliff, X. Y. 

1784 Gabriel H. Ford, N. J. 
1788 Nathaniel W. Howell, N. Y. 
1788 David Stone, Chf. N. C 

1788 Smith Thomson, Chf. ST. Y. 

1789 Mahlon Dickerson, Chanc. N. J. 

1791 Jacob Burnet, (). 

1792 G. M. Bibb, Chf. and Chanc. Kv. 
1792 Peter Earlv, Ga. 

' 1794 Titus Hutchinson, Chf. V. 

1796 John M. Berrien, Ga. 

1796 William Gaston, N. C. 

1798 Charles Ewing, Chf. N. J. 

1798 D. E. Huger, S. C. 

1798 Thomas Sergeant, Chf. Penn. 

1799 Frederick Nash, Chf. N. C. 

1802 G. Strawbridge, La. 

1803 David K. Este, Chf. O. 

1804 George Chambers, Penn. 

1804 S. L. Southard, Chanc. N. J. 

1805 Stevenson Archer, Chf. Md. 
1805 R. B. Magruder, Md. 

1805 Thomas Ruffin, Chf. N. C. 

1806 L. P. W. Balch, W. Va. 
1806 I. N. Blackford, Ind. 



1806 James Iredell, N. C. 
1806 J. J. Marshall, Ky. 
1806 Moulton C. Rogers, Penn. 
1806 Samuel Sprigg, Md. 

1808 James Booth, "Chf. Del. 
1808 George X. Drake, N. J. 

1808 James M. Wayne, Ga. 

1809 Thomas C. Rverson, N. J. 

1810 Oliver S. Halstead, Chanc. N. J. 
1810 Kensey Johns, Chanc. Del. 

1812 John C. Nicoll, Ga. 

1813 William Pennington, Chanc. N. J. 
1816 Ira C Whitehead, N. J. 

1816 James S. Nevius, N. J. 

1818 C. L. xYllen, N. Y. 

1819 Joseph H. Lumpkin, Chf. Ga. 

1819 E. B. Ogden, N. J. 

1820 H. W. Green, Chf. & Chanc. N. J. 
1820 Daniel Haines, Chanc. N. J. 
1820 Alfred Iverson, Ga. 

1823 David Weisel, Md. 

1825 William L. Dayton, N. J. 

1825 A. O. Zabriskie, Chanc. N. J. 

1825 William N. Wood, N. J. 

1826 W. B. Napton, Chf. Mo. 

1827 James Speer, N. J. 

1827 Benj. Williamson, Chanc. N. J. 
182S George N. Brown, N. J. 
1833 Joseph Combs, N. J. 
1833 Martin Ryerson, N. J. 

1833 George S. Woodhull, N. J. 

1834 E. W. Whelplev, Chf. N. J. 

1835 William Paterson, N. J. 

1836 John T. Mason, Md. 

1837 C. S. Green, App. N. J. 

1838 W. S. Clausen, N. J. 

1838 William G. Whitelv, Del. 

1839 N. S. Graham, Chanc. Ala. 
1839 H. K. McCay, Ga. 

1839 Joel Parker, N. J. 
1841 Amzi Dodd, N. J. 
1841 E. W. Scudder, N. J. 
1841 R. W. Walker, Chf. Ala. 
1846 David A. Depue, N. J. 
1846 L. T. H. Irving, Md. 
1846 B. Van Sickel, N. J. 

1851 Daniel G. Eowle, N. C. 

1852 William J. Magie, N. J. 

97 



Presidents of Colleges. 



1762 James Manning, R. I. 1788 

1765 Jonathan Edwards, Union. 1789 

1766 H. Balch, Greenv. 1791 
1769 S. S. Smith, Hamp. S. and N. J. 1791 
1773 James Dunlap. Jeff. 1797 
1773 John McKniijht, Dick. 1799 

1773 J. IS. Smith, Hamp. S. and Un. 1799 

1774 T. IL McCaull, S. C. 1802 

1775 Samuel Doak, Wash. Ten. 1803 
1783 Ashbell Green, Coll. N. J. 1804 
1787 Robert Finley, U. Ga. 1804 



E. D. Rattone, S. C. 

R. H. Chapman, N. C 

J. Burnet, Cin. 

Joseph Caldwell, N. C. 

John Watson, Jeff. 

James Carnahan, N. J. 

Jacob Lindley, O. U. 

William S. Reed, Hamp. S. 

William Neill, Dick. [Rutg. 

T. Frelinghuysen, N. Y. U. & 

Philip Lindsley, Nash. 



52 Autobiography of Alvan Clark, [Jan. 



E. S. Schenck, D. P. 

C. S. Dodd, W. Ten. 

L. P. W. Balch, Jr., Helm. 
Joseph Owen, Ind. 
James C Wellinir, Col. 
W. C Cattell, Lafay. 
I. N. Randall, Line. 
R. G. Hinsdale, Hob. 

D. S. Gregorv, L. F. 111. 
Henry A. Butts, Drew. T. 
W. B. Bodine, Kenyon. 
William A. Holliday, Bidd. 46 



President of the U. S., two terms, 1. Vice-Presidents, 2. IT. S. Cabinet Offi- 
cers, 22. Chief and Associate Justices U. S. Supreme Court, 5. U. S. Enyoys, 
Ministers Plenipotentiary, &c, 13. U. S. Senators, 5-4. Delegates and Repre- 
sentatives to Congress U. S., 153. Judges IT. S. District Courts, 16. Judges 
of the Highest State Courts and Chancellors, 97. Governors, 31. Presidents of 
Colleges, 46. 



1807 


James King, N. Y. U. 




1832 


1808 


William Meade, Va. Theol. 




1833 


1808 


Elisha Slack, Cin. 




1834 


1815 


Daniel Baker, Austin. 




1835 


IS 15 


T. J. Biggs, Cin. 




1844 


1815 


John Johns, W. and M. 




1848 


1816 


John Maclean, Princ. N. J. 




1852 


1819 


J. H. Lumpkin, Ga. 




1856 


1820 


William P. Einlev, S. C. 




1857 


1820 


S. K. Talniasre, Ogel. 




1858 


1824 


Richard W. Ringgold, Wash. Md. 


1860 


1831 


L. H. Van Dorn, Col. 




1862 






Resume. 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF ALVAN CLARK. 

Communicated by the Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., Chief Justice of the Court 
of Claims, Washington, D. C. 

SOME years ago, when residing in Cambridge, I became ac- 
quainted with the late Mr. Alvan Clark, the distinguished 
astronomical instrument maker, and after coming to Washington I 
had some correspondence with him. Among his letters is one con- 
taining his autobiography, written at my request ten years ago 
last October. If you think it would be of interest to the readers 
of the Register you may publish it there. 

Camhridgeport, Oct 1878. 

My Dear Sir : 

The account of my career you have desired I can write in pencil 
more conveniently than with ink. I have written but little in my life, and 
less of late than ever ; so it is hard and slow work for me. 

My father's name was Abram, and he was born in Harwich, Mass. ; and 
my mother was Mary Bassett, born in Dennis, Mass. They removed to 
Ashfield, Franklin County, Mass., in 1794, where I was born, March 8, 
1804. I was the fifth son of ten children, seven sons and three daughters ; 
five of us are living at this date. 

Our farm of 100 acres was one of the roughest and most rocky in that 
rough and rocky town, and over the greater part of it, when I was a lad, 
the stumps of the primitive forest trees, mostly hemlock, and some very 
large, were standing. Two splendid trout brooks joined near the lower or 
eastern border of the farm, upon the larger of which is a grand waterfall 
near the middle of the farm, but being 3J miles from the centre of Ashfield, 
and about the same distance from Conway and Goshen centres, it has at- 
tracted little attention. The year I was born my father built a saw mill 
just below the confluence of these streams, and close upon the line between 



1889.] Autobiography of Alvan Clark. 53 

Conway and Ashfield. It was a fourth of a mile from the house in plain sight, 
and of course a prominent object in my childish thoughts. It was washed 
away after standing seven years, but rebuilt when I was eight. I concluded 
then I should be a millwright, being wonderstruck by the achievements of 
Capt. Gates, the chief in this work of rebuilding. 

The first schoolhonse in the district was located on our farm, and built 
when I was seven years old. At times forty scholars have attended there 
where now they can scarcely muster ten, and I sometimes might be inclined 
to fear that in forsaking a home abounding in inviting influences, my 
example had been pernicious, were it not that I see with regret the same 
depopulation going on almost all over the rural portions of New England. 

An old grist mill located by the waterfall, built before I was born, was 
purchased by my father when I was about twelve. The school, the farm, 
and these mills busied me until about seventeen, when I began to think 
that perhaps I might be better fitted for some other calling, and I went 
into a wagon-maker's shop and worked about a year with an older brother, 
but returned to the paternal mansion and put myself at work in good 
earnest to learn alone engraving and drawing, though I had first visited 
Hartford, and seen something of such works which were cheerfully explained 
to me, green as I was, by strangers well skilled, of which there were a 
number at that time in the place. I visited Boston in the autumn of 1824, 
carrying with me specimens to show my proficiency, which though not 
great, was sufficient to secure me a living employment for the time. 

Supplying myself with some of the most needed art materials, I returned 
to Ashfield the next May, and spent the summer as studiously as possible, 
with no settled plans further than the acquisition of skill. In neighboring 
towns I offered my services in making small portraits, some in India ink 
and some in water colors, and with a pretty satisfactory measure of success. 
Here I must give you one little incident which tends to show what small 
matters can change the course of a human life. Wanting some fine sable 
hair brushes, I sent for them by a man in the habit of visiting Boston. 
Upon looking over a piece of newspaper in which they were wrapped when 
received, my eye fell upon an advertisement of recent date, headed, " En- 
gravers Wanted." I was not long in making up my mind to apply for the 
situation. On reaching Boston I found the engravers were wanted at the 
engraving shop of the Merrimac Works in East Chelmsford for calico 
printing. The agent informed me that they had just contracted with 
Messrs. Mason & Baldwin of Philadelphia to do their engraving, and that 
one of the firm would soon be in E. Chelmsford and very likely would 
employ me as an assistant. 

Mason at once on his arrival offered me eight dollars per week for one 
year and nine dollars per week for the three succeeding years, with 
opportunity for learning the art in which they were engaged. I was to 
work 9 hours in winter and 10 in summer per day, which terms I accepted. 
Such pay would now be considered small for a beginner in housekeeping, 
bat I was able to supplement it a little by painting and cutting stamps, out 
of the shop. 

^ I have always felt that I incurred a very serious risk in marrying as I 
did. My wife, Maria, was the daughter of Asher Pease, and was born in 
Enfield. Conn., Nov. 30, 1808. The family removed to Conway and settled 
on a farm within half a mile of my own father's residence" in 1811, where 
she resided with her parents until our marriage, except for a short time she 
boarded in the family of Dr. Edward Hitchcock, while he was settled 



54 Autobiography of Alvan Clark. [Jan. 

preacher in Conway, previous to his taking the Presidency of Amherst 
College, — this for the purpose of attending a select school. After remain- 
ing about six months in E. Chelmsford, I invited my father to accompany 
this young woman to the place, which he did, and we were married, as the 
record shows, on the 25th of March, 1826.* My employer, Mr. Mason, 
was very kind, and procured credit for me, that we could arrange for 
housekeeping in an unpretentious way, where I felt that we were established 
for three years and six months at least. 

But a disagreement sprang up between Mason & Baldwin and their 
employees, resulting in Mr. Mason returning to Philadelphia; but previous 
to leaving he offered to cancel our engagement, or take me with him to 
Philadelphia to serve it out, or he would open a branch shop in Providence, 
R. I., and give me charge of it, with pay of $10 per week and one-fourth 
of the profits. I accepted the last proposition, as there was no chance that 
I could remain in the Lowell shop with comfort, for they had imported 
English engravers who had no notion of allowing the secrets of their art to 
slip into the hands of Americans. Our tarry in Providence was of only 
about one year's duration, when this branch of Mason & Baldwin's Works 
was removed to New York, where I continued on the same terms with 
them, until the spring of 1832, at which date I received an offer from 
Andrew Robeson for my services at his print-works in Fall River, such 
that I was induced to relinquish my connection with Mason & Baldwin. 
We had but just settled in Fall River when the cholera broke out in New 
York. Before passing I would say, the partner of Mason was M. W. 
Baldwin, afterwards the famous builder of locomotives. While residing in 
New York I had excellent opportunities for studying painting, and practised 
all I could, and never gave it up even after removing to Fall River. 

In 1835, Lucius Manlius Sargent was invited by temperance people to 
give a lecture in each of the churches in the place, and as he was to be 
several days there, I sought a seasonable opportunity for inviting him to 
give me sittings for an ivory miniature. During these sittings I questioned 
him as to my chance of success as a miniature painter in Boston. He 
asked what practice, or experience, or opportunities for instruction I hal 
thus far enjoyed in the art? After receiving my replies and perceiving 
that my heart was in it, without committing himself by advice he wished to 
know the highest price I had ever received for a picture, and when I stated 
$20 he said he wished to take this home with him and also to pay me $40 
for it. This was an expression of liberality to which I had been quite unused, 
and caused me to throw up engraving and quit Fall River for Boston. The 
sympathy and friendship thus opened I was permitted to enjoy through the 
remainder of Mr. Sargent's life, which was of great advantage to me. I 
bought the house in Prospect Street, Cambridgeport, in 1836, where I re- 
sided until 1860; supporting my family by painting portraits and miniatures 
in Boston. 

In 1844 my son George Bassett Clark, born in Lowell Feb. 14, 1827, 
had been for a time in the academy at Andover as a student, with the view 
of qualifying for a civil engineer. In the course of his scientific reading 
this youth happened to fall in with some account of casting and grinding 
reflectors for telescopes, and before mentioning it to me had procured 

* This was the first marriage in the town of Lowell. That part of Chelmsford called East 
Chelmsford was incorporated as Lowell, March 1, 1826. The first town meeting was held at 
Colborn's Tavern, March 25, 1826, and Mr. Clark was married that very day, by the late 
Eev. Theodore Edson.— W. A. R. 



1889.] Autobiography ofAlvan Clark. 55 

bis metal and made a casting for a small mirror. I watched his progress 
in grinding and polishing with much interest, and perceiving a growing 
interest on his part I was at some pains to acquaint myself with what had 
been done, and how done, in this curious art, that my son could have the 
benefit of my maturer judgment, in giving effect to his experiments. We 
spent much time on reflectors, and found for ourselves that the difficulties 
which have led to such au extensive abandonment of this form of telescope 
were really irremediable. The sacrifice here was pretty serious for us with 
then very limited means. I finally proposed to the youth to try a refractor, 
but he did not believe we could succeed with it, for the books described it 
as a very difficult thing. 

About this time the great telescope at Harvard College Observatory was 
put to use, and greatly did I wish to see it and look through it, but Prof. 
Bond informed me that I must come with an order from President Everett 
before this could be allowed. This order was speedily obtained. I was far 
enough advanced in knowledge of such matters to perceive and locate the 
errors of figure in their 15-inch glass at first sight, yet those errors were 
very small, just enough to leave me in full possession of all the hope and 
courage needed to give me a start, especially when informed that this ob- 
ject glass alone cost twelve thousand dollars. 

I began by reworking some old and poor object glasses of small instru- 
ments, there being no material in our market of suitable quality, and after 
gaining confidence and tact, sufficient, as I thought, to warrant the outlay, 
I imported one pair of disks of o\ inches, and found others in New York 
of larger size even up to eight inches, of very good quality. 

We made some instruments to order and sold some, worked on our own 
account ; but the encouragement was small, until I reported my doings to 
Rev. W. R. Dawes, the famous double-star observer in England, in 1851. 
I gave him the places of two new double stars I had discovered the next 
year with a glass 4f inches diameter. One of the stars was Sextantis. 

In 1853 I had finished a glass of 7£ inches aperture, with which the 
companion of 95 Ceti was discovered. Upon reporting this to Mr. Dawes, 
he expressed a wish to possess the glass, but to test its qualities further sent 
me a list of Struves difficult double stars, wishing me to examine them, 
which I did and furnished him such a description of them as satisfied him 
that they were well seen. I sold him this glass, and afterward four others, 
one of which, an eight inch, in the hands of Huggins has become well known. 
Knott, an English astronomer, has one of them 7 \ inches, which he greatly 
prizes. 

Previous to 1859 my correspondence with Dawes had become more ex- 
tensive than with any other fellow mortal in all my life. I visited him that 
season, carrying with me one equatorial mounting, and two object glasses, 
one of 8, the other 8i inches. All were admitted without duty at Liver- 
pool, though I paid 30% on the rough glass in Boston; nor was that all, 
the glass was warranted first quality, and when I informed the deputy col- 
lector that a large portion of the amount in invoice was in consideration of 
the warranty and asked him if any allowance would be made in case it 
turned out worthless, he said, " No not a cent, if you buy the devil you may 
sell him again." The crown did turn out defective, and I had to import 
another and pay 30% again. But we were then under a democratic ad- 
ministration. 

I spent between five and six weeks with Mr. Dawes, visited London with 
him, and we attended together the visitation at Greenwich Observatory and 



56 Autobiography of Alvan Clark. [Jan. 

a meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society, seeing and conversing with 
many notable personages, among them Sir John Herschel and Lord Rosse. 
Before taking leave of Dawes, I told him he had paid me more money than 
I had ever received from one individual in all my dealings with my fellow- 
men, and it was most gratifying to me that he cordially allowed I deserved it. 
The reports concerning the performance of these glasses, published by 
Mr. Dawes from time to time, in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astro- 
nomical Society, was of great service to me in procuring orders, without 
which, situated as I was, the proficiency which comes from long practice 
could never have been reached. In 1860 Dr. F. A. P. Barnard, now Presi- 
dent of Columbia College, New York, then Chief of the University of 
Mississippi, ordered from us a telescope to be larger than any refractor ever 
before put to use. I say we, for my two sons G. B. and Alvan G. Clark 
were well skilled men, on whom my efforts in training had not been thrown 
away, and who were now ready to embark in an undertaking, the im- 
portance of which they were qualified to appreciate. 

It now became necessary for us to secure more commodious quarters than 
had served our purposes thus far, and after visiting various sites, we finally 
settled where we now are, purchasing nearly an acre and one half of land, 
and erecting our buildings in the summer of 18 GO. The glass for the Mis- 
sissippi telescope in the rough was received from the makers, Messrs. Chance, 
Bros. & Co., of Birmingham, England, about the beginning of 18G2, and 
within one year from that time Alvan G. Clark discovered with it, the com- 
panion of Sirius, which after a few days in a fine night Prof. George P. 
Bond was able to see and measure with the 15-inch telescope at Cambridge 
Observatory. Our glass was 18 J inches, and for the production of such a 
lens, coupled with this discovery, the Imperial Academy of Paris awarded 
my son the Lalande prize for 1862. 

The war coming on and cutting off all communication with Mississippi, this 
telescope was sold to parties in Chicago, and is now in charge of S. TV. 
Burnham, who has gained great celebrity by double star discoveries ; though 
much of his work has been done with a glass of only six inches aperture. 

We have made many iurtruments of smaller size, but one of 12J 
inches for the Pritchett School Institute of Glasgow, Missouri ; one of 12 J 
inches for Dr. Henry Draper, of New York, one of 11| inches for the 
Austrian Observatory at Vienna, and one of 11 inches for the Observatory 
at Lisbon, Portugal. Also one of 12 inches for the Wesleyan University 
of Middletown, Conn., and have now in hand one of 15J inches for the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, at Madison. 

But the most important work we have ever attempted was making two 
telescopes of 26 inches clear aperture, one for our government, and one for 
L. J. McCormick, of Chicago. The orders for them were received in the 
summer of 1871. The government telescope was delivered in the autumn 
of 1772, and it was with this instrument that Prof. Asaph Hall discovered 
the two satellites of Mars at the time of its last opposition. The govern- 
ment paid us for this work $16,000. The McCormick telescope is not yet 
entirely finished, but will be very quickly when provisions are made for it, 
in the way of a suitable site and buildings, and the support of a competent 
astronomer. 

Now I must give a narrative in response to another query. 
Dr. Jacob Bigelow returned from a visit to Europe soon after the great 
telescope at Cambridge was placed in the Observatory. Knowing that he 
had been in Munich where it was made, I asked him one day in the street if 



1889.] Autobiography of Alvan Clark. 57 

he saw the establishment where it was made ? He answered in the nega- 
tive. When I informed him that I was interested in such matters and was 
then at work upon object glasses, he remarked, that if I wished to learn te* 
make telescopes I must go where they make tliem, and passed along. Some 
years later the Rum ford Committee sought information as to what original 
means or methods I employed. My reply was that I knew so little of the 
doings of others that I could not say, but if they would meet at our shop, I 
would explain to them as well as I could the steps by which I had been in 
the habit of bringing object glasses into figure. 

The result was the Rumford prize was awarded me for a method of local 
correction. Upon the occasion of its presentation, the Academy meeting 
was attended by Dr. Bigelow. The president, Prof. Asa Gray, stated the 
grounds on which the award was made, and I replied as well as I could. 
Charles G. Loriug and Dr. Bigelow were seated near, and I heard one say 
to the other, " that was well done." After the adjournment I reminded 
Dr. B! of his saying that if I wished to learn to make telescopes I must go 
where they make them, and added that I had been. '• Have you, where?" 
Cambridgeport, was my reply. 

I met Dr. Hare at the August meeting of scientists at Albany in 1856. 
Finding him soon after in Boston. I invited him to sit for a portrait, which 
I finally sold to Dr. Henry for $100.* 

So you will perceive that the three periods of my life of which you write, 
have been considerably blended. Lives thus changeful are frequently 
troubled in their finances, but I have been fortunate enough to meet my 
money promises all along, and have a fair reserve for a rainy day. 

I have received the degree of A.M. from Amherst, Chicago, Princeton 
and Harvard. I have read much popular astronomy, but in its mathe- 
matics I am lamentably deficient. You will see by the printed papers I 
shall send with this that I have made some use of telescopes. I have lived 
to see the companion of u Herculis therein mentioned go through consider- 
ably more than half a revolution. 

This is the most of an autobiography I have ever prepared, and my con- 
dition is such that I shall probably never make another attempt, so I would 
like you to preserve this after selecting your points, for some of the Ash- 
field people may be pleased to see it. Let me know at once if it is safely 
received, and when you publish send me a copy of your production. 

I will add further what may be of interest. I have always voted with 
the Republicans when voting at all since they came into power, but have 
never attended caucuses or held an office. I have never been a chureh 
member, nor had either of my parents, but my faith in the universality of 
God's providence is entire and unswerving. My grandfathers died one at 
87, and the other 88. I knew them well, and they were good men. Both 
had been engaged in killing whales. — I have never heard of one of my 
progeuitors — Thomas Clarkf of the Mayflower was one — as being a bank- 
rupt, or grosly intemperate. — I was never but once sued, and in that case 
employed Joel Giles as counsel, who made a compromise without go'mrr to 
trial. I never sued but one man, and that was Collector Austin, and I 
gained my case. — I never studied music or attended an opera in my life, 
and know nothing of chess or card playing. — I never learned to dance, but 
was a good swimmer, though lacking generally in the points which go to 

* This was Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary or Director of the Smithsonian Institution at 
Washington, where the portrait is still preserved. — W. A. it. 
f From whom Clark's Island, near Plymouth, takes its name. 
TOL. XLIII. 6 



58 Petition in relation to Salem Fishing Ketches. [Jan. 

make an expert gymnast. — I have long been a member of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences, and my elder son G. B. enjoys the same 
honor more recently conferred. 

I hope the above will serve your purpose. 

Yours with great esteem, 

Alvan Clark. 
Hon. Wm. A. Richardson, 

Court of Claims. 



PETITION OF BARTHOLOMEW GEDNEY AND OTHERS IN 

RELATION TO SALEM FISHING KETCHES 

(After Sept. 18, 1G89). 

Communicated by William B. Trask, A.M., of Dorchester. 

The following document is copied from the Massachusetts Archives, 
Bk. 35, page 1. The date is uncertain, but it was after Sept. 18, 
1689. The names of five of these vessels, with their captains, 
are given in Felt's Annals of Salem, ii. 214, September 17, 1689. 
John and Eliza, commanded by Ezra Lambert ; Margaret, by 
Daniel Gyles ; Diligence, by Gilbert Peters ; Thomas and Mary, by 
Joshua Conant ; and, 18th, Dolphin, Isaac Woodbury ; all of Salem. 

To the Honourable Simon Bradstreet Esq r & the Gen 1 , now sitting in 
Councill 

May it Please Your Honours. 

Whereas by good Intelligence besides the want of severall 
fishing Ketches belonging to the Inhabitants of Salem not yet Returned, 
w to their Last Seafares of fish. We are well asured the french at the 
Eastward have taken six of Our Ketches & made Captives about thirty of 
our men to the great damage of the persons Interested therein & allsoe 
Others Concerned in the Imploy of fishing whoe will be discouraged for the 
future in their undertakeings, unless some remedy be found to secure them 
in their Imployments, Or to Obtaine satisfaction for the present damages. 

And Whereas we are Informed our said Ketches are Carried into Port 
Royall by two french friggotts of Considerable strength whereby we are 
discouraged from setting out our Vessels the next spring & the being of two 
such shipps on the Coasts may be of dangerous Consequence to the whole 
Couutrey, & the certaine knowledge thereof & the affairs of the french 
Eastward may be of as great advantage. 

We therefore humbly Pray your Honours, Would thinke of some ex- 
pedient either by sending a Vessel w th some Capable person to Port Royall 
to inquire into y e matter, & if Our men are Captives to bring them hoame, 
& require satisfaction for Our damages, Or Otherwise to Conclude in the 
affair as Your Honours shall see good, w ch will be of great advantage & 
incouragem* to the Whole Countrey, & particularly Oblige 
Your Honours most humble Servants 

Barth 1 Gedney Stephen Sewall 

Benj a Browne W m Hirst 

Charles Redford Jos: Wolcott 

Samuel Gardner Deliverance Parkman. 



1889.] 



Innholders of Boston in 1714. 



59 



INNHOLDERS IN BOSTON IN 1714. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

Anxo. 1714. 

The names of the Inholders or Taverners and of the Retailers without 
Doors in Boston, vizt: 



Inholders* 
Daniel Allen. 
Sarah Battersly. 
Mary Bull. 
Nicholas Cock. 
David Copp. 
Jeremiah dishing. 
Mildred Dorrell. 
Thomas Gilbert. 
Francis Holmes. 
Sarah Hunt. 
Margaret Johnson. 
Hannah Kent. 
John'Langdon. 
Mary Mansfield. 
Samuel Meares. 
Anne Moor. 
Stephen North. 
Thomas Phillips. 
Thomas Powell. 
Richard Pullen. 
John Rowlestone. 
Thomas Selby. 
"William Skinner. 
Mary Smith. 
William Sutton. 
Mary Thwing. 
Sarah Turrell. 
Samuel Tyler. 
John Vial. 
Jonathan "Ward well. 
Rebecca Watts. 
Thomas Webber. 

Common Victuallers. 
Thomas Lloyd. 
James Smith. 
Hannah Wade. 
Benj : Johns. 

Retailers. 
Nathaniel Balstone. 
Phillip Bongarden. 
Anne Breck. 



John Buchanan. 
Mary Chandler. 
Ezekiel Cravath. 
Sarah Cross. 
Mary Daft'orne. 
Benjamin Dyer. 
William Everton. 
Mary flliiit. 
Rebecca fFowle. 
Martha Gwinn. 
Samuel Hough. 
Dorothy Hawkins. 
Henry Hill. 
Joseph Hiller. 
Anne Leblond. 
Deborah Man. 
Elizabeth Meares. 
Alexander Miller. 
Mary Mould. 
John Nichols. 
Eduard Oakes. 
- Thomas Peirson. 
James Peirson. 
Thomas Phillips. 
John Rayner. 
Fortune Redduck. 
Margarett Richardson. 
Thomas Savage. 
Joanna Stone. 
Gregory Sugar. 
Marcy Tay. 
Zechariah Thayer. 
Samuel Turrill. 
Faith Waldo. 
John Wass. 
Susanna Wilkins. 
Mary Willard. 
Jonathan "Williams. 

Coffee Ilonse Keepers. 
' Robert Guttridge. 
Dauiel Stevens. 
James Pitson, Retailer of Cyder. 

Exam d : gr John Ballantine Cler : 



60 Will and Inventory of Foulhe Waldron. [Jan. 



WILL AND INVENTORY OF 

FOULKE WALDRON OF COVENTRY, WARWICKSHIRE, ENG- 

ALSO ABSTRACTS OF OTHER WILLS. 

By John B. Newcomb, Esq., of Elgin, III. 

TN my note on the Waldron, Walderne, TValden family, printed 
-*- in the Register for January, 1888, Vol. 42, page 107, I gave 
the names of eight brothers and one sister, — Alexander, Edward, 
George, Isaac, John, Robert, Samuel, William and Mary, — whose 
parentage I had not been able to discover, though researches had at 
various times been made since 18(33. Recently I have received from 
the probate registry at Lichfield, England, a copy of the will and 
inventory of Foulke Waldron, of Coventry, Warwickshire, England. 
Foulke proves to have been the father of these nine children (the 
will names two more). Foulke Waldron was baptized in Alcester, 
Warwickshire, England, March 3, 1610, son of William by wife 
Catharine Raven and brother of William the Dover (New Hamp- 
shire) Recorder, and of Maj. Richard Walderne also of Dover, 
who was killed by the Indians June 27, 1G89. (For pedigree of the 
family, see Register, Vol. 8, p. 78, for 1854.) 

Foulke Waldron evidently removed early from Alcester and set- 
tled in Coventry, there being no record of his marriage or baptism 
of his children at Alcester. He was church warden of St. Michael's 
church, Coventry, 1657-1671, and it is highly probable his children 
were baptized in this church. Unfortunately the parish records 
were destroyed by fire in 1G90. 

In the following documents a few names and other words are 
printed in italics to draw attention to them : 

In the name of God Amen I Foulke Waldron of the eitty of Coventry 
Blacksmith being att present weake in body but of perfect and disposeing 
memory praised bee God do make constitute and ordayne this to bee my 
last Will and Testament in manner and forme following that is to sav first 
and principally I comend ray soule into the hands of Almighty God my 
Creat r trusting to bee saved by the alone meritts of Jesus Christ my only 
Saviour and Redeem 1- and my body I comitt to the earth from whence itt 
was to bee decently buried according to the discretion of my Executrix 
here after named. And for that worldly estate where with itt hath pleased 
God to blesse me I dispose of as followeth. First of all I give and be- 
queathe unto my sonne Edward Waldron and his heires for ever after the 
death of my loveing wife Mart/ Waldron that house which is mine in the 
Gosford Streete on the south side neere to the Ban* Gates. Item I give 
and bequeath unto my soone Edward Waldron five poundes of law full 
money of England. I give and bequeathe unto my sonne Fulke Waldron 
five poundes. Item I give and bequeathe unto my sonne John Waldron 
five poundes. Item I give and bequeathe unto my sonne William Waldron 



1889.] Will and Inventory of Foulke Waldron. 61 

Term poundes. Item to my sonne Robert Waldron five poundes. Item to 
my sonne Alexander Tenn poundes. Item to my sonne Isaac "Waldron 
tenn poundes. Item to my daughter Mary fourty poundes. Also I give 
and bequeath unto my daughter Catherine fourty poundes. Item I give 
and bequeathe unto my sonne George Waldron Twenty poundes. Item I 
give and bequeathe unto my sonne Samuell Twenty poundes. Item itt is 
my AVill and desire that the severall legacies or summes of money above 
named bee payed out of my lands Houses Goods ard Chattells att or ymme- 
diately after the death of my loveing wife Mary "Waldron or att any tyme 
before if shee my Executrix and my Trustees hereunder named or mentioned 
shall see occasion and thinke itt necessary. And itt shall be lawfull for 
them to sell or exchange any parte or parcell of my goods Lands or chat- 
tells to raise money to pave the above said summes att any tyme when they 
shall thinke itt meete and convenient. And all the rest of my goods and 
chattells moveable or immoveable not given nor by me in this my last Will 
and Testament bequeathed my debts and legacies being payed and funerall 
charges defraied I give and bequeathe unto my loveing wife Mary Waldron 
whome I make ordayne and appoynt sole Executrix of this my last Will 
and Testam*. And I make and appoint to bee Trustees of this my Will 
mjfoure eldest sonnes then resident in England to whome I comitt and re- 
fer to order and determine of all controversies that may or can happen 
touching anything in this my Will conteyned or any three of them. And 
att the death of my loveing wife Mary Waldron what goods Lands or 
Chattells shee my Executrix or my Trustees shall have remayning itt is 
my Will that itt should be equally divided amongst all my children then 
liveing. In witness whereof to these p r sents I have sett my hand and seale 
this nyneth daye of January in the yeare of o r Lord God One thousand six 
hundred sixty and nyne in the margent hereof. 
Read signed sealed published and 

declared in the p r sence of us Foulke Waldron. 

John Edmunds. 

Ann Gr Gery 
her marke 

Isaac Waldron Concordat cu originale facta collacone p' Simonen 

Marten & Simonen r Marten Jun 
Will proved 3 d May 1671 by Mary Waldron the Relict. 

A True Inventory of the goods and chattells of Fulke Waldron of the 
City of Coventry Blacksmith late deceased taken the second daye of Aprill 
1671 By Edward Waldron of Alcester in the county of Warwick Blacksmith 
Fulke Waldron Junio r and John Waldron of the Cittye of Coventry Black- 
smiths and Isaac Waldron of Combrooke in the county of Warwick sic 
Imp In the Shopp one anvill a paire of bellowes hammers £ s d 
two vices a stone trough, files a tinne pann and 
three Beames and skales and other tooles and 
weights 07-16-00 

It Nails one Gunne Locks joynts and other wares 06-06-00 

It Old Brasse old iron coles boxes and other lumber 07 — 08 - 05 

It In the worke chamber Musketts Pistolis Corne sixteene 

Boar Bitts and lumber 03 - 04 - 00 

It In the streete chamber a Bedstead a Feather bed 

Curtens and other things belonging to a bed 03-10- 00 

VOL. XLIII. 6* 



62 Will and Inventory of Foidhe Wahlron. [Jan. 

It A Court Cul)bert a table board 5 stooles two chaires a 

Carpett a voider and a pair of tonges 01-17-00 
It In the new Chamber two bedsteads a feather bedd a 
flock bed three blanketts a Rugg Six bolsters and 

Curtaines and other bedding and lumber 07 - 1 1 - 00 

It Two locks two stooles and a barrel of Verjuice 00-0G-00 
It In Edward his Chamber one bedstead a feather bedd 

Curtaines blanketts and a pillow 04-10-00 
It A presse a table £ Carpett three boxes a trunk & two 

chests 02-17-00 

It Money in purse and weareing cloths 18-10- 00 

It Linnens an Iron Grate and three cushens 08-15-00 
It In the little chamber a bedstead bed Curtaines pillowes 

Blancketts and Bolsters a chaire Coffer and lumber Oo-13-OG 

It In the hay chamber Lumber and trash 01 - 10-00 
It In the Field Seaven Cowes three heifers and foure calves 

Hay Gates and Lumber in the Barne 45-02-00 

It In the Buttery Brasse Potts Kettles and a pan 05-19 -00 

Pewter two dripping pans and lumber 05-05-00 
It. In the parlour A Cubbert two tables fourteene stooles 

five chaires ten cushens and two Carpetts 02-18-04 

It One Skreen old Wainscott and one Lookeing Glass 00-14-00 
It One Iron Grate fire shovle a paire of toungs & pothookes 01 - 00-00 
It A paire of bellowes Bacon Glasse Case pictures one box 

& books 01-16-00 

It In the Kitchen one Skreen and Lumber 00-14-00 
It In the Milke House Six pailes one Churne and Lumber 00- 19 -00 

It In the Celler Lumber 00-10-00 

It In the back Kitchen Tubbs and Lumber 01-04-00 

It In George Ids Chamber two bedsteads and Lumber 00-15-00 

It In the Boar House Lath and Lumber 08-10-00 

It In the Yard a Grindlestone and plankes 01 - 05 - 00 

It In Good debts 116-01-06 

Edward Waldron 

John Waldron £ s d 

Isaac Waldron The Totall is 270-06-09 

Abstracts. 

John Waldrox, 1687. The will of John Waldron of the city of Cov- 
entry, Blacksmith, is dated Nov. 24, 1686. The children of my brother 
Robert Waldron of Ancelley C° Warwick, Clerk. Executrix wife Mary 
Waldron. Witnesses S. Gilbert, John Man ami William Smith. Inven- 
tory by Ralph Phillips and William Pickerne. dated Dec. 7, 1686; proved 
March 31, 1687, by Mary Waldron the Relict. [This John Waldron was 
undoubtedly one of the nine sons of Foulke Waldron whose will is herein 
printed.] 

William Waldex, 1620. ' The will of William Walden of the city of 
Coventry, mercer, dated Oct. 29,1610. Amounts are left to the poor of 
Coventry, the 10 poor men in Bablake Almshouses, to their nurse, to the 
poor men and women in the Almshouses in Gray fryer Lane, and to the 
poor children in the Almshouses in Bablake; Robert Plowgh and his wife; 
good-wyie Eeade beyond Spannbrooke; widow W T eller in Hill , Street; 



1889.] Will and Inventory of Foulke Waldron. Go 

John Care my old workman ; the minister under M r Doctor Hinton in St. 
Michaels ; my niayde Mary Sharpe ; William Smart; Susanna Love; 
Elnor Dudley ; Amies Davics ; William, Elnor, Joan, Frances, Katherine, 
Amies and Isaac Walden the children of Isaac Walden ; William, Joan, 
Sara, John and Ralph Walden the children of Ralph Walden ; my son 
Gilbert Walden; Joan, Robert, Gilbert, John, Jane, Anne and Samuel 
Walden child rah of Gilbert Walden ; my sonne Nicholas Walden ; my son 
John Walden and his wife ; William, John, Winefred and Isaac children of 
John Pixley ; my son in law Henry Barton and his sons William and John ; 
my son Isaac Walden ; my sister Agnes Ash ; Henry, Robert and Grace 
Ash. Executors: Sons Isaac Walden and Gilbert Walden. Overseers 
son Ralph Waldon and son-in-luw John Pixley. Inventory dated Dec. 15, 
1619 by Godfrey Ley and John Moodye. Amount £53- 14-8. Proved 
Nov. 29, 1620 by Gilbert Walden, power reserved for Isaac Walden. 

Isaac Walden, 1662. The will of Isaac Walden, Esq., dated Mar. 18, 
1662; of Keresley City of Coventry; my oihce of Sargeant of his Ma tles 
Hart hownds: Richard Walden my eldest son; Phillippa my eldest daugh- 
ter; my son ; Isaac Walden, John Walden and n Walden 

my sons ; Mary Walden, Johane Walden and Anne Walden my daughters; 
wife Johane sole executrix. Witnesses : John Brownell, Tho. Throck- 
morton, John Patston, Edmund Brownell. Proved May 18, 1664 [Abstract 
from original will on file and mutilated]. An addition to the inventory of 
Mr. Isaac Walden late of Kersley, deceased, made the 12th day of Sept. 
1672. Inventory exhibited Sept. 12, 1672 by Richard Walden the son of 
the deceased. 

Joan Walden, 1668. Adm n of the effects of Joan Walden late of 
Keresley in the parish of St Michael, City of Coventry, widow, was granted 
Sept. 23, 1668 to Richard Walden of Keresley, Esq. the natural and lawful 
son. Inventory by Richard Treene, Robert King and John Hatton. 
Amount £212-19-2, no date. 

Gilbert Walden, 1670. The will of Gilbert Walden, Vicar of Bag- 
intou in the county of Warwick Clerk dated June 29, 1670; to be buried 
in Baginton Church yarde. To eldest son Gilbert ; son William; Abraham 
(no relationship given); daughter Anne. P^xecutor Brother Abraham. 
Inventory dated Oct. 8, 1670 by Nathaniel Gilbert and Thomas Quinbor- 
ough ; amount £126-18-4. The brother Abraham Walden of City of 
Coventry, clothier, the Executor renounced. Witnesses to the renunciation 
John Brownell and Nathaniel Gilbert. Admon. (with will) granted July 
28, 1670 to Gilbert Walden of the City of London gent, the eldest son. It 
is mentioned that " the Testators two eldest sons are Londoners.'' 

Abraham Walden, 1681. The will of Abraham Walden of "The 
King's Head" Inn in the City of Coventry, Innholder, is dated Aug. 27, 
1681. Land held by lease of the Mayor. Bailiffs and Comonality of City 
of Coventry lying and being in Whiteley in City of Coventry now in occu- 
pation of John Cave, Miller. Sister Jane Gilbert of Coventry widow; Ann 
Waldron one of the Daughters of Foulk Waldron of the City of Coventry, 
blacksmith ; Jane and Elizabeth the daughters of my brother William 
W r alden late of Dunstable, Innholder: Ann and Mary two daughters of my 
sister Joane Dennett; Sarah daughter of the said Joane Dennett: Jane (one 
of my sister Gilberts children.) the wife of Sollomon Newcombe of city of 
Coventry, mason ; Margery another of my sister Gilberts daughters {wife 
of the said Foulk Waldron) ; my cozen Sarah Swift my housekeeper; my 
cozen Edward Bishopp of Exhall, clerk ; my kinsman Walter Gilbert of 



64 Soldiers in King Philip's 'War. [Jan. 

Shepstone sup Stower Co. Worcester, draper ; Abraham Waideo and Ann 
Walden who now live with uie and are two of the children of my brother 
Gilbert; Abraham Gilbert son of my kinsman Samuel Gilbert of Coventry, 
thread maker; AValden Gilbert son of the said Walter Gilbert. Executors: 
M r Sampson Clarke of the City of Coventry, thread maker and the said 
Samuel Gilbert. Overseers: Robert Beake and Thomas Lawrence of 
Coventry. Witnesses: Richard Lindsey, Vincent Dudley and John Tipper. 
Proved Oct. 19, 1G81, by Sampson Clarke and Samuel Gilbert. 

Note. — Gilbert Walden was rector of Baginton about 1049. was ejected from 
Leamington Hastings. Warwickshire, for having defended the King's execution, 
but afterward conformed and died at Bagiatom. Robert Walden was sheriff of 
Coventry, loot). William Walden, mercer, was sheriff of Coventry, 15*2, and 
mayor, 159$. Ralph Walden, mercer, sheriff 1616, mayor 1626; married Hannah. 
dau. of Thomas Deaconz of Xapton, Co. Warwick Isaac Walden. draper. 
sheriff of Coventry. 1611: mayor 1620; alderman 1632; member of Parliament, 
rejected 1626. William Waldern. church warden of St. Michael's, Coventry, 
1672; Isaac Walden, 1600; Ralph, 1604. Ralf was sheriff, 1616. 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. George >I. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xlii. page 368.] 
No. XXIV. 
Captain Joshua Scottow and his Men. 

JOSHUA SCOTTOW came to Boston with his mother Thoma- 
sine, who joined the church September 21, 1634. He with 
his brother Thomas joined the church May 19, 1639. He married 

Lydia , and had Joshua, b. Sept 30, 1641, and died soon ; 

Joshua, b. Aug. 12, 1643; Lydia, bap. June 29, 1645 ; Elizabeth, 
b. July 29, 1647 ; Rebecca, b. October 10, 1652 ; Marv, b. May 
11, 1656; Thomas, June 30, 1659, grad. H. C. 1677. Capt. 
Scottow was of the Artillery Company in 1645, Ensign in 1656, 
and Capt. afterwards. Elizabeth Scottow in. Thomas, son of Major 
Thomas Savage, and had a large family. Rebecca m. Benjamin 
Blackman, April 1, 1675, and Mary m. Samuel Checkley. 

Capt. Scottow was a very energetic man, an enterprising and 
eminently prosperous merchant. He was largely engaged in foreign 
commercial transactions, and from 1654—7 was the confidential agent 
of La Tour in his business with our colony. 

In 1660 Mr. Scottow bought of Abraham Jocelyn, of Blackpoint, 
two hundred acres of land, including the hill since known as fr Scotto- 
way's Hill ;" and in 1666 he purchased of Henry Jocelyn the ' r Cam- 
mock Patent, " which at the granting to Thomas Cammock in 1631 
consisted of fifteen hundred acres of land lying between the Black- 
point and Spur wink rivers. Cammock left his entire estate to his 
friend Henry Jocelyn, with the care of his widow T during her life. 






T, 



1889.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 65 

Jocelyn married the widow Margaret, and some twenty years after- 
wards conveyed the property as above, together with seven hundred 
and fifty acres outside the Patent, remaining upon it, however, as 
agent for Mr. Scottow. Capt. Scottow removed to Blackpoint 
settlement about 1670, and engaged with great energy in improving 
his property there, and in his fishing and commercial transactions. 

The first mention I have found connecting Capt. Scottow with the 
Indian war is in the Colonial Eecords, Vol. 6, p. 57, at the session 
of the Court convened October 13, 1675, as follows : 

Upon the sad intelligence from Saco & the great danger of all those parts, 
it is ordered, that there be 50 soldiers immediately from Boston & Chads 
Tonne sent away in some vessel or vessel Is for the releife of those parts, and 
that they be under the command of Leiftenn* Scottoway, and that Major 
Clarke take care that this order be effected as to the dispatch of the men, 
& furnishing ammunition & prouission for the voyage. 

The "sad intelligence " was connected with the attack upon Saco, 
the details of which are in Major Walderne's letter of September 
25, 1675, given heretofore ; Robert Nichols and his wife were killed 
just before this by the Indians who had made an unsuccessful 
assault upon Major Phillips's garrison at Saco. 

But previous to these occurrences, Capt. Scottow had fortified and 
provisioned his house and gathered into it as many of the people as 
would come. His garrison was the Jocelyn House on the "Neck," 
distant from the farms of manv of the inhabitants, who reluctantly 
abandoned their homes, cattle and crops to the ruin -which was daily 
threatened. It seems evident that Capt. Scottow, with the small 
number of undisciplined men under his command, mostly inhabitants, 
and those employed by him, was in no capacity to send out a relief 
party to other parts of the town ; and when the Indians attacked some 
of these still remaining on their farms, it was plainly imprudent to risk 
any small party such only as he could have sent, to the almost certain 
ambushment and destruction, to which the burning, and firing of 
guns seemed to invite them. His enemies sometime afterwards 
sought to injure him by bringing charges of neglect to help his 
neighbors, arnon^ other charges preferred against him. The Alofer 
brothers, Andrew and Arthur, had a large estate at that part of 
Scarborough known as Dunstan, and so named by them for their 
old English home, and they had there a fortified house, but upon the 
opening of hostilities evidently withdrew their families into Sheldon's 
garrison at Blackpoint. When Major TValderne had returned home 
he left sixty of his soldiers to garrison the different settlements, 
Saco, Falmouth and Scarborough, and these were distributed ac- 
cording to the need, at Scottow's, Shelden's and Foxwell's garrison- 
houses. Capt. John "VVincoll was posted at Foxwell's with a com- 
pany of soldiers, and in October was assisting the settlers to harvest 
their corn. One of Capt. AVincolFs soldiers, Peter Witham, was 
detailed to help the Algers get their grain, and said that a few days 



66 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

after, as they with some of their relations were getting their goods 
from their houses, they were attacked by the Indians, when Andrew 
was killed and Arthur mortally wounded ; and the said "Witham, 
fifty-three years afterwards, foemg then seventy-two years old, testi- 
fied that he helped to bury both the Algers. Mr. Hubbard gives 
the date of the attack upon the Algers October 9th, 1675. 

The events of the war in Scarborough immediately following the 
above, are shown in the following letter from Capt. Scottow : 

Honoured S r . 

After all due submission to y r self w th the Honoured Councill, these are 
to declare y e state of y e affaires at p r sent, since y* sent by Jo: Short o r men 
being sent up y e riv r to secure those barnes of corne left w ch accordingly they 
applyed y m selves to doe and to repaire o r water-mill (being o r onely relief 
for grinding) they met w^ no opposition nor could have sight for Sdaies of 
above one Indian upon the 3 d of this curr* they having finished one mans 
corne & upon landing of it in canoes 19 of o r p r tie being there were assaulted 
and surrounded by at least 60 or SO Indians & had bin all cut of had not 
S rt Tippet come in with his p r tie to their timous relief who was on y e other 
side river to help wheat &c. out of another barne whereupon* the enimy 
retreated into the bushes it being a foggy day could not soe well discerne 
w execution they did upon y m disinabling one Indian soe as to leave his 
6peare behind him, much firing on both sides, one of us wounded one 
drowned by hasting into a cano, next day a country souldier of his own 
accord went downe y e marsh & hollowed & an Indian came up to him 
being of Piscataquay & his acquaintance they p r lied and smok* a pipe of 
tobacco together y e Indian having laid down his gun & he seemingly did 
y e same, a small riv r p r ting y m . 

(y e larger narrative C. Winkall & myself have sent to Maj r TTalden to 
be conveyed unto y e Maj r Gen 11 1 refer y r Honours unto) y e substance of y 9 
discourse was they willingly would have peace, & kept 2 women two casco 
children, foure men prisoners to dd Ir up if it might be &c. if not let time and 
place be appointed & they would fight y e english & as it was misreported 
to C. "Winkoll & myself they would stay 48 hours for an answer but it 
seeme it was y e next day the Indian put his signall next day but none 
having an order to treat him, o r men therefore secure the wheat threshed 
out & a shallop being there to fetch it of they sent none to discourse him, 
upon w ch they y e enemy as they had done y e day before & y* during the 
parlee fired stacks of hay and some houses; o r men y* afternoon being 
pinched for want of bread and of victualis, could not be prevailed with by 
their officers to continue in y e farme house which they had fortified until 
further order w ca was designed a retreating place upon fighting y m though 
a small rev r rned y m & y e Indians rendezvouze, in order to fighting y m I had 
visited y e next garrison and drawn of w e I durst to assist o r soldiers up y e 
riv r , but towards y e evening understanding o r mens resolves, sent y m up 
bread &c. with an express charge not to desert y e place w th out further order, 
but it could not come to y m soe as to hinder their moving downe w ch was 
upon the 5 th day curr* in the night next morning we designed y e sending 
y m all up a3 soone as y e tide would p'mit, & had ordered all to y* end but 
upon y e sight of theire enemies burning of y l house w ch they had fortified & 
of my barne of corne which was left unburnt there w th advice of Cap ne 
Winkoll & the rest of y e officers, we altered o r designe & this day purpose 



1889.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 67 

w th all o r strength to fetch in the inhabitants corne left in their deserted 
houses, the enemy firing all before y m in w ch doing an opportunity of fight- 
ing y m may also gsent w ch o r souldiers long for but we want fixed amies 
divers of these sent, not servicable & two or three disenabled in o r last in- 
gagement, please to dispatch o r supply of flints &c. sent for in my last to 
Maj r Clark we are in distress for want of y m , especially bread not having 
but two dayes bread left at a cake a day w th y e allowance I reduced o r soul- 
diers unto at first coming, w cU bread is borrowed from fishermen aud myself 
we have no grinding nearer than Piscataquay, not else but begging prayers 
and y* y e deluge of sin w ch I grieve is among o r souldiers as well as inhabi- 
tants may be stopped by reason whereof this overflowing scourge pursueth 
us (this place being now y e seat & center of y e Eastward war) Casco & 
Kenebec being all quiet & peace as by yesterdies intelligence I understand, 

I humbly subscribe myself 
ffrom y e Head quarters at Blackpoint y" & y e Countries 

at 3: orclock in y e morning this 6 th most humble serv* 

9 br 1675 Josh: Scottow. 

(Postscript.) 

May it please you to take notice that instead of the 50 designed here are 
but 38 sent div rse of y m insufficient for service & some soe mutinous that 
we cant with safety inflict y e punishment they deserve, for the pursueing 
of my comition here is need of 100 men completely armed and bread sent, 
for flesh I hope we have enough. J. S. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 68, p. 44. 

The following letter is evidently in answer to the above from 
Capt. Scottow. 

Council's Letter to Capt. Scottow. 

Capt. Scottow. Vfe received yo r lett er & saw another sent by you to Maj r 
Walderne; we gceive y e Indians do sometimes allarum you and obstruct 
y e getting in of provisions & corne if such another overture as that Indian 
made y 1 met y e soldier in y e marsh for a treaty of peace to deliver y e eng- 
lish prisoners should be made againe wee advise order & som of you there 
to treat w th y m & see what termes you can come to & Apoint a cessation of 
armes untill their offers may be considered by us & endeavour to procure 
y e delivery of prisoners & wee will deliver as many of theirs y c are at 
Boston, peace is better if it can be obtained upon good termes & som 
pledges or hostages given ; for security ; as for a supply of more men we 
cannot comply w^ you therein ; wee have so many places to strengthen y' 
wee cannot doe alle ; wee are sure you have as great a proportion as most 
places of y e like concernement, we here you want neither corne, flesh nor 
fish & so long you be in straits & though yo r mills ly at a distance yet a 
samp morter or two will make a supply to gvent any great sufferings as 
for sending of Bisket we dare not give y l g'sedent, for all other places 
garrisoned by the country soldiers are g'vided for with victualls by y e peo- 
ple they secure; it is enough for y e Country to pay wages & find ammuni- 
tion; our armies y e are in motion require more y n the Country is well able 
to beare especilly yo r easterne parts are concerned to ease the publicke 
purse what they may because we know of nothing y l was ever put into it 
from thense. Therefore wee desire you to make the best Improvement 
you can w to the strength you have fo r your owne deffense & offense of the 



68 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

enimy until God send beter times; wee have inclosed the printed laws to 
rest ray ne mutinous soldiers let y m he read to y c soldiers. And notice 
taken of y m y l transgresse ; & if you find yourself too weake to deale w th 
them let y e ringleaders bee sent to prison w th evidense of y e fact; wee 
have not more at gsent but desire the Lords gsence blessing & protection 
to be w th & over you 

alle remaine your loving friends 

postscript if you find our souldiers any Burden or inconvenience to you 
you are Authorized hereby to dismisse y m or any of y m either thither or to 
Maj r Walderne Past this letter by the councill the 15 th of 

Endorsed — "Councils letter to Capt. Scottow 1G: 9 mo. 1675." 
Mass. Archives, Vol. 08, p. 59. 

Details of the service from October 25, 1675, to May, 1676, are 
given in the following Journal which is preserved in manuscript in 
the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society. The manu- 
script is evidently a copy, made probably in 1676, when his use of 
the troops was called in question. This shows that much of the 
damage done in Scarborough was effected cither before he had men 
or means to prevent it, and afterwards in spite of his best endeavors. 
These extracts contain the substance of the journal : 

Extracts from a Manuscript Journal of Capt. Scottow. 

Narrative of a Journall of the diverse marches & improvement of 
Boston souldiers sent to Black Point. 

1676* (8) 25. Siev r : Serg* landed 15 men. I disposed 6 of y m to 
ffoxwell's garrison at Bluepoint, 6 to Shelden's garrison, and retayned 3 
of y m , received a l tre from Major Pendleton and answered it. 

26 and 27, no disturbance. I went and viewed the fortifications at the 
several garrisons, and discharged Mr. fFoxwell from his charge at Bluepoint, 
being a quarreling, discontented p son . 

29, Tho: Micheil arrived with 23 soldiers who landed two houres before 
day. 

30, sent y e 6 scouts up y e river to discover y e enemy and view a house 
w eh ye enemy ordinarily possessed, returned seeing 3 Indians. 

31, that night two hours before day sent up 60 men under the conduct 
of Capt. Winkall who landed before day to save w l corne they could of our 
Inhabit" & fight y e enemy if found, they having appeared not long before 
at ffoxwell's Garrison aud shot a scout as appe th gr C. Winkolls l trs No. 2. 
Answered Maj. Pendleton's l tre No. 3. 

(9) 1, dispatched a shallop to Boston w th Y™* to Hon: Gou r and council 
for flints, bread &c. 

2, . . . . In the afternoon about 29 inhabitants were set upon by 70 or 80 
Indians and had almost surrounded y m had they not been timously relieved 
by Serg* Tipping who came to their relief, beat y m into y e swampes and 
gagned an Indian speare. 

3, Serg* Tipping sent down for recruit of powder &c. w ch I sent up by 

y* two carpenters and others who were come down I sent up 28 

lbs of powder in a box and 90 lbs shot &c. that day there fell out a parlee 
betweene a country soldier & an Indian 

♦ This date is plainly a mistake made at the time of copying, in the summer of 1676. The 
Journal itself was kept in 1675. 



1889.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 69 

Cap ne Winkoll came down y* night, we gave advice of the whole to Maj. 
Walden and y l we intended to fight y e Indians. 

4, they fell firing barnes of neer houses, haystacks and all before 

y m . Y e souldiers having got about 100 bush: wheat and other graine, and 
a shallop sent to bring it downe they could not be prevailed upon w th all by 
their Serg* (as I was informed) to continue any longer being pinched for 
want of bread by an unworthy planter, though they wanted no flesh. 

5, As soon as I heard of their intention I sent up J of all the biskit I 
had with tobacco and rum for their incouragem 4 , and an expresse charge to 
fight y e enemy as appe' th by the witnes of John Libby, Boudeu and Howell 
No. 1 and the order delivered ffoxwell to carry up; but no Cano could be got 
though I used my utmost indeav r , they came down about 10 o'clock in the 
night 

6, o r men went up headed by Cap ne Winkoll to secure what corne of 
o r inhabitants was left in the N. East side in the deserted houses, and of 
barnes, hoping to meet y e enemy in y e march, w ch accordingly fell out, divid- 
ing themselves into 2 parties one of them was first ingaged by a party of 
Indians, not above 12 shewing themselves, and the other by about 16, 
they were engaged also and had 2 skulking skirmishes, beat y m into j* 
swampes. One of the Boston souldiers was mortally wounded in y e breast. 
O r men retreated carrying off their wounded man 

November 7, Being Lord's day, the enemy, early in the morning burnt 
those houses and barnes our Cap ne saved the day before — they burnt also 
8 or 9 deserted houses belonging to Jo: Libby and children. As soon 
as these fires were discovered all the souldiers and Inhabitants hasted to 
next garrison which was little above musket shot of them: the tyde beino- 
up and spryng tyde the bridge was oversowed which obstructed their pas- 
sage witness Willet and Tydy &c. As soon as they could pass beino" 
headed by Cap ne Winkoll and Topping tfoey scour the round of the towne 
on the N. East supposing y e enemy was gone that way to fire those houses 
they being only left unburnt, they met with no Indians in the march the 
whole day; met Lieut. Ingersoll 'and 12 Casco men who came to joyn with 
our men to search out and fight the Indians — that night there fell a small 
flight of snow. 

8, We staid in our quarter till midnight got 2 shallops. 

9, Landed 70 men 3 hours before day at Blue Point to find out y e enemy, 
they had a tedious march the whole day through swampes marshes and 

creeks sometimes to the knees, others to dae waist in snow and salt-water 

saw some Indian tracts but could find no Indians ; Lieut. Ingersoll and all 
his men returned discouraged home. 

10, Our men returned to their quarters. 

11, A mysty wet day, no handling arms nor marching. 

12, Much wind at N. West, no gitting- over rivers, y e canos on y* other 
side imployed to git in Cummins corne of Sacho to Bluepoint. 

13, Cap ne Winkoll, Sg* Tipping and our company got over y e river and 
marched to find Indians and drive cattell; the enemy fired two deserted 
houses at Sacho while o r men were on tliis side and bro* home between 20 
and 30 head of Sacho cattell. 

14, Sabbath day — no disturbance — brary d Sam: Ryall wounded a week 
before. 15, no mocion. 16, marched to drive in cattell, were disappointed 

by a Quaker who drove them into the woods from us. 17, Indians came 

from across y e water. 18, Cap De Winkoll and the country souldiers w ch 
was attending drove cattell for Cummins and Rogers inhabitants of Sacho. 

vol. xltii. 7 






wa 

as 









70 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

19, drove cattell for Macshawin, inhabitant of Sacho. 20, 1 received order3 
from Maj r Walden to tit out Lieut. Ingersoll to Maj r Pendleton w ch I wrote 
to him I was upon doing. 21, No disturbance being Sabbath day. 22, 
Serg* Topping and o r men went to Dunsten to drive in cattell. 23, Lieut 
Ingersoll came to y~ head quarters with 12 men and w tb orders from o r 
Major to make them up to CO or 70. 

24, I made up his number to 60 men, supplying them with 8 biskit enke 
a man of mine own store . . . . L' Ingersoll went up in the night to Blue- 
point, landed before day with 2 shallopes, marched up the couutry to the 
head of Sacho Falls. 

25-27, Continued out one night, returned to y e headquarters and he dis- 
missed our souldiers; L l Ingersoll returning to Casco; sent me a l tre , to send 
him up 45 souldiers &c. towards his towne of Casco it being alarumed in his 
absence by one house burning and a man wounded. L l Ingersoll came 
himself to our headquarters to demand the p rty .... he was satisfied with 
20 men, and I made up Maj. Pencil etons relief 20 w ch were dispatched with 
all speed — great wind at N. West. 28, Mr JSeales house burnt at Casco. 
30, Serg 4 and his comp y returned from Casco. 

(10) 5, Tho: Michell arrived from Boston with a license to myself to 
come to Boston, and order to send y e Boston souldiers home if care was 
not taken to provide for y m . 

The rest of the Journal gives account of his arrangement to leave 
home for Boston, taking one half the Boston soldiers with him, and 
disposing the remainder, numbering nineteen, at various fortified 
houses where needed : seven at William Sheldon's ; six at Mr. Fox- 
well's ; four at Scottow's, being "the Serg r , Steward, drum and 
a cooke to provide for them when they should all draw up to their 
head-quarters." Capt. Scottow sailed with the soldiers, from Black- 
point, on January 8th, and arrived in Boston on the 11th. 

He returned to his charge at Blackpoint April 9th, 1676, and a 
treaty being in progress by Major Walderne, with the Indians, he 
arranged with his soldiers to go into his woods and cut " palisado 
pines," for fortifying his garrison house. 

There can be no doubt that Capt. Scottow was of great help in 
promoting the interests and assuring the safety of the people at 
Blackpoint ; and yet he experienced the most bitter hostility and 
opposition from many of the inhabitants, among whom were some of 
the most reliable and respectable. Richard Foxwell was doubtless 
jealous of the large interest and influence which his extensive pro- 
perty gave him, as well as his loyal adhesion to the Massachusetts 
Court. In common with many others of the early settlers, Foxwell 
looked upon Scottow as a new comer, who with his Boston ideas and 
manners came to usurp the rightful position of those who had held 
the settlement from the beginning ; and it is probable that jealousy 
and envy largely induced the bitter hostility and the very serious 
charges that were preferred against Capt. Scottow. 

No further trouble with the Indians seems to have disturbed 
Blackpoint until August, 1676. Capt. Scottow busied himself 



1889. J Soldiers in King Philip's War. 71 

settling his accounts and strengthening his garrison ; but upon present- 
ing his accounts for settlement by the court, he found that several 
of his enemies had presented complaints against his management, 
and a remonstrance against the payment of his accounts, as follows : 

Petition against Capt. Scottow. 

Wee whose names wee have underwritten, doe declare that we were 
never in y e least privie to y e sending for y c souldiers which came from 
Boston to Blackpoint. neither during y e time of their stay did we in any 
sort receive advantage by them; but y* they were maintained upon y e acct. 
of Mr. Scottow: for all the while his fishermen were thereby capacitated to 
keep at sea for the whole season ; and much worke was done by them which 
was greatlie turned to his profit; as removing of a great barn, paving before 
his house and cutting of Palisado stuff for a pretended fortification where 
there is no occasion nor need. And many more such courtesies Mr. Scot- 
tow (got) by the soldiers. And that other men should pay for his work, 
done under pretence of defending y e country, wee hope in behalf of the rest 
of y e sufferers in these sad times, you will please to take it into your serious 
consideration, and heape no more upon us than wee are able to beare, but 
where the benefit has been received, there order y e charge to be levied. 

Richard Foxwell, Giles Barge, 

Rol : Allanson, Joseph Oliver, 

William Sheldon, John Cocke, 

John Tinney. 

Upon the above representations, several of the prominent men of 
York county carried the matter to the General Court ; among these 
Maj. Pendleton, Mr. Munjoy and Mr. Foxwell were the chief 
complainants, and their complaints were submitted, by the auditors 
of York County, to the General Court August 9th, 1676 (see Colo- 
nial Records, Vol. VI. p. 102). The auditing committee were 
Nicholas Shapleigh, Edward Rishworth, Samuel Wheelwright. 

The complaints were : 

1st, That Mr. Scottow got the soldiers from Boston upon his own 
responsibility. 

2nd, That he refused to use or have others use the soldiers to 
preserve the lives and estates of others. 

3d, That he used the soldiers mostly for his own particular securi- 
ty and advantage ; attending and strengthening his garrison, paving 
his yard, moving his barn, " cleaving " his wood, &c. 

A note of Mr. Drake's in his edition (1865) of Mr. Hubbard's 
history, cites original papers then in his possession, as testimony 
against Capt. Scottow. The deposition of Michael Edgecombe, 
aged about 25 years, declares that he was at Blackpoint when the 
" nine Winter-harbour men were fighting the Indians upon the Sands 
opposite said Place, and saw sundrie men come to Mr. Scottow 
importuning that he would send some Ayde over to those poore dis- 



72 Soldiers in King Philij^s War. [Jan. 

tressed men," &c, and that Capt. Scottow, though seeing the English 
were far outnumbered by the Indians, and must be overcome soon 
without releife, yet would not suffer a man to go to help them ; and 
one John Lux came and reproached the Capt. and offered to take 
men in his shallop across the river and land them " on shoare in Little 
River," near where the men were fighting, and where all were found 
slain next day. This was sworn to before Brian Pendleton, July 
20th, 1676. Lux declared that nothing would move Capt. Scottow, 
although he could see the men being overpowered by greatly out- 
numbering savages. 

Mr. Foxwell also deposed against Capt. Scottow's inhumanity in 
the affair of the burning of Dunstan, &c. Walter Gendall, who 
served as Sergt. under Capt. Scottow, and had charge of a body of 
soldiers at Spur wink in 1675, made a similar deposition. 

The Court referred this case to the October session, and then 
gave judgment, that, 

This Court, having heard the complaint of BI r . Rishworth exhibbeted 
against Captaine Scottow, &c. . . . uppon a full hearing of both parties, see 
no reason for the aforesaid complaint, and doe judge that the said Capt. 
Scottow (for aught doth appeare) hath faithfully dischardged his trust, and 
is therefore acquitted from the chardge endeavo r d to be put on him. but 
that the same be borne by the county and that Mr. Rushworth do pay Capt. 
Scottow his costs and damage. The Court granted and determined the 
costs to be nine pounds, thirteen shillings & eight pence. 

In the evidence favorable to this decision, the following paper, 
found in the old files of Suffolk County Court, was probably offered : 

Petition of Inhabitants of Scarborocgh. 

The humble Petition of the Inhabitants of Scarborough. Whereas Mr. 
Scottow of Boston Stood by us in all our streights and distresses during 
the late Warr with the Indians and not only encouraged us with his pres- 
ence from April until January last, but alsoe releived us with a barrell of 
powder and all sorts of ammunition as it cost him in Boston near to twenty 
pounds for which he is not yet paid, yea, then when as there was no town 
Stock nor a pound of powder in the Town that we know of without which 
supply we and our familyes must either have been destroyed or our town 
deserted as Casco and Saco were, we being then for divers months the seat 
of war and having more houses than one of the Townes and above double the 
other burnt and consumed : and to keep us together since he hath this Spring 
helped us with nere two hundred bushells of Indian and other Grain without 
which some of us could neither have planted nor so wne, some had ben 
pincht and others might have starved, in all things to our w r eak under- 
standing he hath carryed it faithfully and carefully to the publicke interest, 
he being now unjustly and as far as we can deserne maliciously persecuted by 
some especially one Mr. Foxwell a man noted for contention and whereas 
there be diverse oaths taken against the s d Scottow some of them to the 
knowledge of some of us false, and others covered with fraude and fallacy 
we being much troubled that for his good he should receive a bill humbly 

O o ..." 

crave that he may have all right and due encouragement and vindication, 



1889.] Soldiers hi King Philip's War. 73 

and your petitioners shall further humblie pray for your honors peace and 
prosperity. 

Henry Jocelyn Richard X "Willing Thomas X Wasgate 

Ambrose Bouden Francis X White John X Makenny 

John X Libby, senior, John X Ficket Edward X Ilouusell 

Sam X Oakman Richard X Bassen Richard X Barret 

John X Libby jun r Richard Moore Christopher X Picket 

Anthony Row Peter X Hinxen Thomas Cleverly 

Thomas X Bigford Henry X Elkins John X Vicars 

John Howell Henry X Brookins Duuken X Teshmond 

"William X Cbamplin William X Burrage John x Simson 

Additional Favourable Testimony. 
These are to testifie before whom it may concern, that M r . Scottow of 

Boston, being w th us when y e men were killed upon Sacho Sands at 

the first heeiing of the guns fired there w th consent of M r . Josselin gave y e 
Alarum all over garrison to y e whole town, drew up such of us on our armes 
as were at home, dispatcht our Corporall to call in such as were abroad, as 
also the said Scottow was very Angry with Mackshawine for saying that 
Captaine Wincoll and his Company were all cut oil, telling him though 
some might be killed and the rest Hied yett it might be to gain y e advantage 
of ground as it proved, as also at the same time Scottow seartcht the armes 
and ammunition of us which were drawne up exchanging y e armes which 
were insufficient' for his owne ffixed armes, and that hee supplied every man 
of all those that were sent forth, and wanted, both with powder, buletts, 
swan shott, biskett, and a dram of y e bottle out of his owne store, there not 
.being at the same time one pound of powder in y e town, that wee know of 
but what they rec ved from Scottow & that the said Scottow, upon the first 
alarum enquire whether some of us might not bee sent in a shallop or in 
Canows to goe to y e releif of those men, it was answered that they could 
not be sent with safety neither for the men nor for their armes because of 
the gulf of y e sea, the wind blowing ffresh upon the shore. The said Scot- 
tow with the consent of Mr. Henery Josselin, did with as much possible 
speed as they could, dispatch away about twenty men over our fFerry to 
march by land to the relief of that pty under y e charge of Serjeant Olliver, 
yea so many men did they send away that some of us complained against 
them saying they did not doe well to send out so many of their husbands 
and children, supposeing that if they should have been cutt off wee had not 
strength left at the garrison sufficient to defend o ur selves if assaulted, Yea, 
wee doe farther testifie that the said Scottow Acted therein to the utmost 
of his power soe that when some of the company manifested a backwardness 
to the relief above in vexation hee through his Kane upon the ground saying 
he would through up his Commission and never meddle more with it, and 
alsoe that wee could not answer to god, men, nor our owne consciences unless 
wee used the utmost of our endeavour to relieve those men, in testimony of 
the truth of what is above written we have hereunto signed and shall to the 
substance of the whole depose if called thereunto by lawfull Authority. 

Blackpoint, July y e 15 th 1676. The gmises above written, I 

John X Libby Sen r Rich. Willing attest to be truth given under 

Tomas X Bigford Andrew Browne my hand this 18 July 1676 

Anthony row ffrancisX White Henry Jocelyn. 

Thomas Cleverly PeterX Hinxen 

Hen :X Elkins ' Henry XNookins (Mass. Arch., Vol. 69, p. 28.) 

VOL. XLII. 7* 



74 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

During August of 1G76, Capt. Scottow was evidently at Bos- 
ton, leaving the conduct of affairs to Jocelvn and Tippen with 
Walter Gendal as a third on the ''committee of the militia." Ser- 
geant Tippen, Who appears to have been a very efficient officer, 
being called away also, the others found themselves unable to control 
the inhabitants who were acting as garrison soldiers, and they wrote 
this letter to Capt. Scottow. 

Capt. Joshua Scottow. 
"We underwritten being of y e committee with serjeant Tippen, and both 
of you now being absent, shall desire you to acquaint y e Governor & Coun- 
cill of y e averseness of the generality of y e Inhabitants to obey Military 
orders ; y* they would be pleased to direct some especial order to such in 
this town as may bring y e Inhabitants to y e obedience of y e Military Laws 
of the Government y l we may be in some capacity to defend ourselves 
against y e common enemy; and we shall remain, 

Y r friends to serve you 
Black Point, Aug. 9 th , 1676. Henry Jocelyn, 

Walter Gexdall. 

The Blackpoint garrison was recognized by the Indians as the 
strongest fortification in the Eastern Towns, and it had therefore 
escaped any assault in the general destruction which fell upon Casco 
and the Kennebec towns. In the letter of Capt. Hathorne in the 
last chapter, we find some account of the discontent of the people at 
Blackpoint and their determination to abandon the garrison and to 
take themselves to the safer towns to the West. The letter indicates 
also that Capt. Scottow was there when Capt. Hathorne visited the 
place, but evidently withdrew soon after; as upon October 12th the 
Indians appeared at the garrison, a hundred strong, with the chief 
"Mugg" (or Mog Hegon, Whittier's Mog Megone) at their head ; 
they found the inhabitants all within the fort and Mr. Jocelvn in 
command. The Indians did not attack, knowing that even a small 
number could hold it against any assault they could make. Mugg 
was well acquainted with all the affairs of the English, and immedi- 
ately sought a parley with Mr. Jocelyn, which lasted a long time. In 
the meantime all the inhabitants had taken the opportunity to get 
out of the house and to their boats and away to the Westward towns, 
— Wells, Portsmouth, &c. How they could have thus effected their 
escape in the presence of so large a body of the enemy, must be 
explained by the advantageous position of the garrison, and the over- 
confidence of the Indians. Mr. Jocelyn and his family were taken 
with the house and its contents, which was at once surrendered, 
when Mr. Jocelvn found only his own family left within. Mugg was 
highly elated with this great and easy success, and Jocelyn was 
treated kindly, and with his family soon restored to their friends. 
It is said that he afterwards removed to Plymouth, where he spent 
the rest of his days. Blackpoint garrison was not destroyed, perhaps 
.because Mugg, in the flush of his success, believed the English would 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War, 



75 



soon be driven from the country, and this would serve the Indians 
as a stronghold. The following papers, the original of which is 
preserved among the papers of the late Mr. Lemuel Shattuck, give3 
the list of those who were at Blackpoint just before the surrender : 

A list of y e names of y e Inhabitants at Blackpoint Garison 
Octo: 12 th 1676. 



In y e Garison. 



Daniell Moore 
John Teuney 
Henry Brookin 
Nathaniell Willett 
Charles Browne 
Edward Hounsell 



Hampton and Salsbery 
Soldiers 
ffrancis Sholet 
In ye hutts w«* out ye Anthony Roe 
Garison but Joyn- Thomas Biekford 
ing to it. Rober| . Tydey 

Richard Moore 
James Lybbey 
John Lybbey 
Anthony Lybbey 
Samuel! Lybbey 
George Taylor 
James Ogleby 
Dunken Chessom 
William Sheildin 
John Vickers 
R rd Basson 
Ro rt Eliott 
ffrancis White 
Richard Honywell 
John Howell 
Living inuskett sliott Ralphe Heison 



fir. y e Garison. 



Living three muskett 
shott fr. y e Garison. 



Mathew Heyson 
Joseph Oliver 
Christopher Edgecome 
John Edgecome 
Micael Edgecome 
Robert Edgecome 
Henry Elkins 



John Ashden 
Johne Warrick 
Goodman Luscome 
Tymothy Collins 
Andrew Browne, Senior 
Andrew Browne 
John Browne 
Joseph Browne 
William Burrage 
Ambrose Bouden, Constable 
Tho: dimming 
John Herman 

Samuell Okeman, Senior 

Samuell Okeman 

John Elson 

Peter Hincson 

Symond Hincson 

Ri cd Willin 

John Symson 

Tho: Cleauerly 

John Cocke 

R rd Burrough 

A list of y e names of those y* 
ware prest by Vertue of 
Capt. Harthornes order to 
be for y e service of y e Gari- 
son of y e Inhabitants affore- 
said. • 

ffrancis Shealett 

Edward Hounslow 

James Oglebey 

John Cocke 

Daniell Moore 

Dunken Chessom 

Richard Burrough 

William Burrage 



It is probable that the surrender of the fort at Blackpoint was a 
great surprise to Capt. Scottow, as it was considered by all abso- 
lutely secure, and was at the time well supplied and amply garri- 
soned ; doubtless the cause of the desertion was the long-suppressed 
discontent of the people, and their panic at the approach of the large 
body of Indians which their fears magnified to an army. Capt. 
Scottow did not rest content with his defeat, however, as we see by 



76 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[Jan. 



the following item at the session of the General Court, October 25, 
1676, some twelve days after the disaster. 

Whereas Joshua Scottow is now sending forth a smale vessell or two 
w th company for the discovery of the state of the fort at Black Point, and 
transport of what may be there recoverable either of his or any of the in- 
habitants, it is ordered, that the said vessells and persons by him sent shall 
be & hereby are exempted from impresse upon any of the country" imploy; 
and Bartholomew Tipping being commended as a fitt person to take the 
charge of such as are to land, in case he shall judge the place tenable, he 
shallbe & hereby is impowered to impresse the company now sent, and any 
other of the inhabitants, or any other persons which maybe there found, to 
looke after plunder or their owne estates, and to defend & keepe the place 
from the enemy untill further order; and the said Scottow hath liberty to 
impresse some inhabitants of Black Point who lye latent, he, the said Scot- 
tow, carrying it on at his oune charge. 

Sometime in November, Mugg having surrendered himself and 
the Indians having withdrawn, Capt. Scottow regained his fort, and 
Sergt. Bartholomew Tippen and soldiers, and many of the inhabit- 
ants, remained there, and more returned in the Spring. "While 
our eastern towns from Portsmouth to Saco were kept in constant 
fear by frequent attacks by skulking bands, Blackpoint was not 
troubled until May 13th, 1677, when a great body of the enemy 
appeared before the garrison, and at once made a resolute onset 
upon it, apparently feeling assured of victory. But they had now to 
deal with a different man than before ; Sergt. Bartholomew Tippen 
was now in command, and conducted a gallant defence during three 
days, in which time but three of his soldiers were killed ; on the 
16th the Sergt. himself made a fine shot, by which one of the leaders 
(supposed, at the time, to be f Simon," but afterwards found to be 
the celebrated "Mugg") fell, by which loss of their chief they were 
so disheartened that they withdrew, part towards the Kennebec, the 
rest towards Pisca-taqua and York, where they did some injury, of 
which and their next attack upon Blackpoint, the next chapter, taking 
up the operations of Capt. Benjamin Swett, will give some account. 



Credited under 


January 25 1675 


-6 




Samuel llyall 


01 


01 04 


Daniel Lancton, Corp'l. 


04 


04 00 


Eben Ingolsby 


03 


12 00 


George Gregory 


03 


12 00 


Moses Richardson 


03 


12 00 


John Newman 


03 


12 00 


Henry Berrisford 


03 


12 00 


Roger Jones 


03 


12 00 


Charles Duckworth 


03 


12 00 


Andrew Cload 


03 


12 00 


Owen Jones 


03 


12 00 


Thomas Hobson 


03 


12 00 



Capt. Scottow. 

William Howard 03 

John Slead 03 

Benjamin Wardall 03 

Thomas Skeliito 03 

Thomas Hawes 03 

John Newton 03 

Samuel Walker 03 

Alexander Johnson 03 
February 19, 1675-6 

Bartholomew Tippin 03 

Thomas Barber 02 

Nathaniel Willet 02 

Edward Milton 02 



12 00 
12 00 
12 00 



12 
12 
12 
12 



00 
00 
00 
00 



12 00 

12 00 
08 00 
08 00 
08 00 



1689.] 



/Soldiers in King Philip's War 



77 



Robert Tydye 


02 


08 


00 


April 24, 


1676 




Ebenezer Winter 


02 


08 


00 


Thomas Barber 


03 


18 00 


Peter Odrigoe 


02 


08 


00 


Peter Malardino 


03 


09 04 


Samuel Johusou 


02 


08 


00 


June 24, 


1676 




John Baker 


02 


08 


00 


John Baker 


04 


16 00 


Timothy Cunnell 


02 


08 


00 


Bartholomew Tippir 


i 09 


09 00 


John Lowell 


02 


OS 


00 


Thomas Barber 


02 


02 00 


Ezekiel Hamlin 


02 


08 


00 


Peter Odrego 


01 


04 00 


Peter Mallandy 


02 


08 


00 


Francis Sholett 


06 


00 00 


Thomas Maddis 


02 


08 


00 


Timothy Conhill 


06 


00 00 


James Ogleby 


02 


08 


00 


Nathaniel Willet 


06 


00 00 


James Barber 


02 


08 


00 


Edward Milton 


02 


03 08 


Richard Honeywell 


02 


08 


00 


James Barber 


06 


00 00 


William Darby 


02 


08 


00 


Peter Odrego 


05 


12 00 


Samuel Baker 


02 


08 


00 


James Ogleby 
Thomas Maddis 


06 
06 


00 00 
06 00 


March 24 th 1675 


-6 






William Darby 


06 


00 00 


Samuel Johnson 


02 


14 80 


Robert Tidy 


06 


00 00 










Ebenezer Winter 


• 06 06 00 



There were doubtless many names credited during the autumn 
and winter of 1676-7, but the accounts covering that period are 
now lost. It will be noted, however, that many of the same names 
appear in this following list from a later book, that are in the former. 



July 24, 1677. 
Edward Cowle 
Sam. Libby 
John Starts 

August 1 st 1677 
Henry Libby 

September 
John Gibson 
Will: Burridg 
Nath 1 Willet 
John Robin 
John Starts 
James Ogleby 
Richard Barrett 
Christopher Edgecomb 
Robert Edgecomb 
Sam 1 Jordan 
John Markany 
John Churchill 



Michael Edgecomb 
Thos : Cummings 
Thos : Irons 
Anthony Libby 

October. 
John Courser 
Lewis Price 
Andrew Brown 
John Brown 
John Augur 
John Lewis 
Thos : Rogers 
John Bezoon 

November. 
Edward Hounsel 

December 
Job Tooky 
Joseph Hide 



January 1677-8 
David Middleton 
Andrew Johnson 

February 1677-S 
William Milles 
Henery Libby 

March 1677-8 
Thos : Bull 
Sam 1 Jordan 
Richard Honywell 
Nathaniel! Willitt 
John Browne 
Stephen Wolfe 
Ambross Bowden 
Michaell Edgecombe 
John Tinney 
Rich d Honywell 
Will : Smith 



In October, 1677, upon the petition of Capt. Scottow and others 
of his townsmen, all the arms and ammunition then in the fort at 
Blackpoint were granted them for their proper defence, the same or 
like amount to be returned upon the order of the Court, and the 
inhabitants, while engaged in the defence of the garrison, were freed 
from all country rates. 



78 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

After the close of the war Capt. Scottow returned and engaged in 
the development of his estate, and in building up the interests of the 
settlement. In 1679, he was chosen an Associate for York County. 
In 1681, the inhabitants at Blackpoint accepted his offer to give the 
town a hundred acres of land "upon the Plains between Moors Brook 
and the South East end of the Great Pond," as a site for the building 
of a fortification for the defence of the town. The land about this 
fort was to be laid out in lots convenient for the most compact settle- 
ment of the people, all of whom were to build upon these and pay 
to Capt. Scottow one shilling yearly for ever as being their " demesne 
Lord." The people took hold with a will, and all working together 
soon erected a very large and strong fortification. Here the people 
lived, apparently in harmony, until 1686, when, for some reason 
they declared their agreement with Capt. Scottow "null and void," 
but at the same time were ready enough to use the protection of his 
garrison in times of danger ; and their opposition to him on this as 
well as former occasions, is strange from our standpoint, and must 
probably remain unaccounted for, except for the reasons above noted, 
and perhaps abitrary and eccentric manners, of which some intima- 
tions may be gathered from the petitions of his friends noted above, 
-as well as from his writings. The people never forgot the old charge 
of his being the indirect cause of the death of the Nicholses in 1675 ; 
and in 1681 he was accused of the murder of one Nathan Bedford, 
who was shown at the inquest to have been drowned, and the charge 
was probably due to the hostility of his enemies. He still held his 
leading position at Blackpoint until the evacuation in May, 1690, 
when he retired to Boston where he probably spent the rest of his 
days. He died January 20th, 1698, aged 83 years. His grave- 
stone was found, October, 1850, in the tower of "The Old South 
Church," by workmen making repairs upon the wall under the north 
dial, some fifty feet from the ground. How it came there is not, I 
believe, yet explained. Another stone, that of William Middleton, 
died 1699, was found at the same time and place. See Register, 
ante, vol. v. 78. Mr. Sewall, in his Journal, Jan. 21 st and 22 d , 
1697-8, writes : 

" It seems Capt Scottow died last night. Thus the New England men 
drop away." Jan. 22 ; " Capt Joshua Scottow is buried in the old burying 
place : Bearers Maj or Gen 1 Winthrop, Mr. Cook, Col. Hutchinson, Sewall, 
Sergeant, Walley : Extream Cold. No Minister at Capt. Scottow's Funeral 
nor wife nor daughter." 

Capt. Scottow was the author of two very curious tracts, one in 
1691, entitled, " Old Men's Tears for their own Declensions 
mixed with Fears of their and posterities further falling off 
from New England's Primitive Constitution. Published by 
some of Boston's Old Planters and some other.''' Another tract, 
published in 1694, has a title similar in character but too long for 



1889.] The Trotts of Dorchester and Boston. 79 

insertion here except the first part, " A Narrative of the Planting 
of the Massachusetts Colony Anno 1628," &c. Besides these 
tracts there are many intimations of eccentricity in the character 
of Mr. Scottow. See "Memoir of Joshua Scottow," by Hon. 
Hamilton A. Hill, A.M. Also Sibley's "Harvard Graduates." 

The accounts of Capt. Scottow for disbursements during the war 
were still unsettled in 1685, when the amount claimed was over two 
hundred pounds ; the Court that year voted him a grant of five- 
hundred acres of land in the " Province of Mayne in any free place ;" 
and in 1686, some delay and trouble about this former grant having 
arisen, he was granted five hundred acres in addition in same place 
and conditions. 

Capt. Scottow left numerous descendants, by his daughters; in 
his will probated March 3d, 1698, he mentions sixteen grand- 
children. Thomas Scottow, only surviving son of the Captain, after 
graduating at Harvard in 1677, seems to have associated himself 
with his father ; he was Recorder of York County in 1686, and signs 
as Deputy Register, after that until 1688. In his father's will he is 
bequeathed a double portion, which, if he dies without issue, shall 
go to his sister Elizabeth Savage. In Mr. Waters's " Genealogical 
Gleanings," Register, ante, vol. 39, p. 169, is found Thomas Scot- 
tow's will, which declares him to be "of Boston, Chirurgeon, now 
bound forth to sea in the Ship Gerrard of London, Capt. William 
Dennis, commander, 14 November 1693," proved 4 September, 
1699. Gives his sister Elizabeth Savage, of New England, all his 
real and personal estate in ~New England. To his "loving friend 
Margaret Softley of the Parish of St. Paul, Shad well, in the County 
of Middlesex, widow," all his goods and chattels and estate in the said 
ship and all wages that may be due him for service on the said ship 
at the time of his death, in satisfaction of what he shall owe her, at 
his death. He appoints her executrix. 



THE TROTTS OF DORCHESTER AND BOSTON. 

By Edward Doubleday Harris, Esq., of New York City. 

IT has not been an easy task to establish the relationship existing 
between the individuals of the earlier generations of this 
family. 

The elder Thomas Trott was admitted to full communion with 
the Dorchester church 8 (1), 1644, but no record of his arrival 
here has been found. In 1648 he bought of Christopher Gibson, 
of Boston, a dwelling house at Dorchester with three acres of 
""planting grounds" and out buildings, together with nine acre3 of 
marsh and four acres in each of the Three Divisions. This seems 



80 The Trolls of Dorchester and Boston. [Jan. 

to have been his first purchase. He died, according to the epitaph 
in the Dorchester burying-ground, 28 August, 1096, aged 82 years, 
leaving a £ood estate. He was the progenitor of most of the New 
England Trotts. 

His eldest son Thomas had been killed by a fall from his cart, 13 
January, 1694, leaving an only son of the same name who was, 
without much doubt, the man that married Zebiah Roy all, and whose 
name appears at the extreme left of the accompanying tabular chart. 
The writer has long searched in vain for evidence positively confirm- 
ing the conjectured relationship. 

Cotemporary with the second generation of the family there ap 
peared in Dorchester another Thomas Trott, a blacksmith, there 
as early as 1699, who was the grandson of Itobert Stanton, of 
Dorchester, though the names of both father and mother are un- 
known. His kinsman (uncle), Thomas Stanton, in 1702 gave 
him six acres of land in Dorchester, which he sold in 1710, to 
Samuel Kendall for £20. He was doubtless the man who had 
liberty from the Selectmen of Boston to set up a smithy in 1705, 
and who was repeatedly warned out of the town in the next nine 
years. He is found in "Roxbury as well, but disappeared in 1714. 
His name appears at the extreme right of the chart. The writer 
has failed to connect him in any way with the rest of his name in 
Dorchester. 

Strangely enough, in the third generation, there was still another 
Thomas Trott, a blacksmith, too, who was born 13 September, 
1705, and settled in Boston. His identity as the son of Samuel, 
of, Dorchester, is fully established by numerous documents. Who 
that other Thomas was that, in 1725, married Martha Merrifield, 
in Dorchester, is not so satisfactorily determined. Certainly he was 
not the Boston blacksmith, for that man had taken Waitstill (!) 
Payson for a wife.* 

The writer unwillingly suspends his task with the fourth generation 
of the race, hoping that some one who has more Trott blood in his 
veins than he, will take it up and bring order out of chaos. 



Heredity. — The diagnosis of his parents and his grandparents is the 
prognosis, the horoscope of the child. We have many Xew England sur- 
names which stand this day for traits bodily, mental and moral thatfbelonsred 
to those who bore the same names two hundred or two hundred and fifty 
year3 ago. In some cases the traits are intensified in their transmission; in 
others, where there has been intermarriage with families of strong peculiari- 
ties, they are slightly attenuated. In the children of the female members of 
one of these old families, you can always trace tokens of the mother's lineage, 
which may, however, cease to be distinctly observable in their children.— 
Bev. Andrew P. Peabody, D.D. 

* The incredulous will find her epitaph in the Granary Bnrying Ground. 



1889.1 Genealogical Gleanings in England. 81 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from page 403, vol. xiii.] 

Lawrence "Washington, of "Washington Parish in the County of West- 
moreland in Virginia, gentleman, 11 March 1C97-S. To be buried, if 
please God I depart in this County of Westmoreland, by the side of my 
father and mother and near my brothers and sisters and my children. To 
friends M r William Thomson, Clerk, and M r Samuel Thompson, each a 
mourning ring of thirty shillings price each ring. To my godson Lawrence 
Butler one young mare and two cows. To my sister Anne Writts children 
one manservant apiece of four or five years to serve, or three thousand 
pounds of tobacco, to be delivered or paid to them at age of twenty years. 
To my sister Lewis a mourning ring of forty shillings. To my cousin John 
Washington Sen r ., of Stafford County, all my wearing apparel. To cousin 
John Washington's eldest son Lawrence Washington, my godson, one man- 
servant of four or five years to serve, or three thousand pounds of tobacco, the 
same to be delivered at his age of twenty years. To my godson Lawrence 
Butler and Lewis Nicholds that tract of land joining upon Meridah Edwards 
and Daniel White, being two hundred and seventy five acres, to be equally 
divided between them. To the upper and lower churches of Washington 
parish, each of them, a pulpit cloath and cushion. It is my will to have a 
funeral sermon at the church and to have no other funeral to exceed three 
thousand pounds of tobacco. After debts and legacies paid and discharged, 
my personal estate to be equally divided in four parts, my wife Mildred 
Washington to have one part, my son John another part, my son Augustine 
another part and my daughter Mildred the other part, at their ages of twenty 
years. To my son John this seat of land where I now live and that whole 
tract of land where I now live and that whole tract lying from the mouth 
of Mathodack extending to a place called the round Hills, with the addition 
I have thereunto made of William AVebbs and William Rush, to him and 
his heirs forever. To my son Augustine Washington all the dividend of 
land that I bought of M r Robert Lessons children in England, in Mattax 
between my brother and M r Baldridges land where M r Daniel Lessons 
formerly lived, by estimation four hundred acres; likewise that land that 
was M r Richard Hills, and all that land where M r Lewis Markham now 
lives, after the said Markham and his now wife's decease, by estimation seven 
hundred acres more or less. To my daughter Mildred Washington all my 
land in Stafford County lying upon Hunting Creek where M r3 Elizabeth 
Minton and M r William now lives, by estimation twenty five hundred acres* 
I give my water-mill to my son John Washington. 

If my children should die before they come of age or marriage my broth- 
ers children shall enjoy all their estates real, excepting that land that I 
bought of M r Robert Lissons children, which I give to my loving wife and 
her heirs forever. I give that land which I bought of my brother Francis 
Wright, being two hundred acres, lying near Stocks quarter, to my sou John 
Washington. My cousin John Washington, of Stafford County, and my 
friend M r Samuel Thompson, to be- my executors and my loving wife 
Mildred my executrix. 
vol. xmi. 8 



82 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

The witnesses were Robert Readman, George Wadon, Thomas Howes 
and John Rosier. 

The will was proved 10 December 1700 by the oath of Mildred Gale 
ats Washington (wife of George Gale), one of the executors, power being 
reserved for John Washington and Samuel Thompson, the other executors, 
to act. Noel, 18 G. 

[The will of Lawrence Washington here printed was sent to us by Mr. Waters 
several years ago. not long after be commenced his researches, at Somerset 
House. We learn from him that he has since collected much important genea- 
logical information concerning the Washingtons, which we hope before long to 
receive from him and print. — Editor. 

This is the will of the grandfather of President George Washington, and was 
proved in England by Mildred Gale the widow of the testator and grandmother 
of the President. Mr. J. C. C. Smith, an intimate friend of the late Col. Chester, 
published in the seventh volume of The Genealogist, Jan. 1883, some extracts 
from the will of Mildred Gale, which was proved March 18. 1700-1, dated Jan. 
24, 1700-1, in which she is described as the wife of George Gale, of Whitehaven, 
Cumberland, " being doubtfull of the recovery of my present sickness." and 
mentions that " by an Indenture of Marriage made and executed by and between 
John Washington one of the executors of my late husband's will of the one 
part, and my present husband George Gale with my own consent and approbation 
thereof of the other part, bearing date 16 May in the present year 1700, I am 
empowered to demise by will or other instrument the estate and legacys of my 
late husband to the uses and purposes therein mentioned," and she proceeded to 
bequeath £1000 to her said husband and the residue of her property equally between 
her said husband and children. When George Gale took probate of her will, he 
had to give bond for the tuition of the children, and their names appear as John. 
Augustine (father of the President) and Mildred Washington. In the Parish 
Kegister of St. Nicholas Church, Whitehaven, appears the baptism, Jan. 25, 
1700-1, of Mildred, daughter of George Gale, and her mother was buried five 
days afterwards, while the infant was buried March 20. 1701. In a pedigree 
which Mr. Smith furnished with his article it appeared that George Gale had 
removed to Maryland, where he had four sons living in 1712. 

In 1806, Col. Chester contributed an article to the London Herald and Gene- 
alogist, which was reprinted in the Register, vol. 21, pp. 25-35, proving that the 
brothers John and Lawrence Washington, who emigrated to Virginia in 1657, 
could not have been identical with those of the same names in Sir Isaac Heard's 
supposititious pedigree, which Baker incorporated into his History of Northamp- 
tonshire as historic truth, for the John of Baker's Northamptonshire was a 
Knight and would not have relinquished his title; besides, he was living in 
England in 1662, while his brother Lawrence was a clergyman in England after 
the restoration (1660). 

The point of interest, in the proof of the will above given, is that it leads 
towards the support of the tradition of the older members of the Virginia family 
" that their English ancestor came from some one of the Northern counties of 
England." 

John Washington (the father of the testator), and Lawrence brother of John, 
came to Virginia in 1657 ; both died In 1677, leaving real and personal property 
in England. Lawrence left his Emglish possessions to a daughter Mary, who 
was in England, and her half brother John Washington (of Stafford 06., Va., 
in the above will) may have gone there with some self-interest to see his sister, 
if he was in England when the marriage settlements were made for Mildred, the 
widow, to marry George Gale. In the Whitehaven Guardian, of Nov. 11, 1875, it 
was shown that* there lived in that town, from 1602 to 1766, a family of Wash- 
ingtons, and that the christian name of one of them who was married there in 
1731 was Lawrence. 

Thi3 town is not many miles from Warton in Lancashire, which was for 
centuries the home of the Washington family from which the Northamptonshire 
branch descended. The Church Registers begin in 1568, and by reference to them 
the generally unreliable Albert Welles could be tested as to the statement that 
James Philiippe, of London, bis authority for the English Pedigree of the 
Washington family, found the dates of baptisms which are given thus: — 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 83 

Leonard Washington (grandfather to the testator above), born at Warton about 
1595; his children, Robert, baptized at Wartou, co. Lancaster, A.l). 1610. 

Jane, " " " " ♦« " ici!>. 

t Francis, " " M M " " 1622. 

Laurence, |* " " M M " 1625. 

John (father of testator), M " " " 1G27. 

Is there any truth in Welles's work? The Vicar of Warton 'will undoubtedly 
give the information if a copy is sent him of this imprint, and a desire for him 
to do so. — John Coffin Jones Brown.] 

William Palmer of London Esquire, 23 March 1635 (sealed and pub- 
lished 6 April 1636), with a codicil dated 12 September 1636, proved "27 
September 1636. My body to be buried in the parish church of St. Mary 
Aldermanburv, 1 in London, where I now dwell. All my personal estate 
shall be (in respect I am a citizen and freeman of- the City of London) 
divided into three equal parts, according to the ancient custom of the same 
city, whereof one part I give unto Barbara Palmer, my wellbeloved wife, 
as due unto her by the said custom. Another third I give unto my three 
sons, Archdale, William and John, to be divided equally amongst them, ac- 
cording to the said laudable custom. And the other third part thereof, 
commonly called the Testator's third part, being devisable by ine according 
to the custom of the same city, I do dispose of as followeth. (Then follow 
sundry bequests, among which) To my sister M" Mary Palmer the late wife 
of my brother M r Robert Palmer, to my brother John Palmer, to my 
cousin Thomas Palmer of Marston and his brother Robert Palmer, to my 
cousin M r George Clarke, to my Kinsman Thomas Cooke of Sake in the 
co. of Stafford and his sister Katherine Holte and his sister Frances Back- 
house, to my cousin Walter Sedgley, for a divinity lecture or sermon in the 
Chapel of Marston where I was born, to my son John, at the age of twenty 
one. My cousin M r George Clerk e and my son Archdale Palmer to be 
executors. 

In the codicil he mentions "our minister M r Doctor Stanton," cousin 
Bydolphe and his wife, cousin William Palmer and his wife, cousin Wil- 
liams and his wife, cousin M r Richard Archdale and his wife, cousin Gard- 
ner, the company of Haberdashers, the poor in St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 
"whereof I am a Governor," and others. Pile, 100. 

[} The parish Church of St. Mary Aldermanburv. in which Wm. Palmer -was 
buried in 1636, was totally destroyed by the great fire in London in 1606. His 
cousin George Clarke, one of the executors of the will, was a merchant of 
London, of which he was elected Sheriff in 1641 ; he was created Knight at 
Hampton Court on 3d Dec. 1641. His wife was Barbara Palmer of Hill in 
Bedfordshire, whose brother William was also knighted in 1641 or 1642. It is 
uncertain whether he or his cousin William (son of the testator), and the brother 
of Archdale, was first knighted, one of them being made Knight at Whitehall 18 
April, 1641, the other at Oxford 2 November, 1642." William Palmer, the brother 
of Sir George Clarke's wife, married a sister of Sir Thomas Gardiner, the 
Recorder of London* who was knighted at Kingsland 25 November, 1641, and is 
styled " Cousin Gardner" in the codicil. — John Coffin Jones Brown.] 

Barbara Palmer of Onelepe in the co. of Leicester, widow, 13 Sep- 
tember 1650, proved 10 June 1 651. It is my earnest desire that the younger 
children of my sons Archdale Palmer Esq. and Sir William Palmer. Knight, 
shall have those moneys paid them which I have given them by their said 
fathers. To my son John Palmer a messuage in or near Page Green in 
the parish of Tottenham, Middlesex (and other tenements). To my cousin 
Sarah Willett, wife of James Willett clerk, to John Sare, son of Archdale 



84 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

Sare, at twenty one, to my cousin John Combe's wife, to my cousin Mary 
Ditchfield, to my cousin Susanna Datten. Other bequests and legacies. 

Grey, 126. 

Archdale Palmer, of Oneleppe in the co. of Leicester, Esq. 3 April 
1672, proved 20 September 1673. My body to be buried in the parish 
church of Oneleppe by my dear mother, M rs Barbara Palmer, widow, de- 
ceased. To my son William Palmer and Martha his wife, to my son Arch- 
dale Palmer and his wife Anna and son Thomas, to my son Thomas Pal- 
mer and Mary his wife, to my son Samuel Sleigh and Barbara his wife (my 
daughter), to my daughter Martha Palmer, to my son Samuel Palmer, at 
one and twenty, to my son Joshua Palmer, at one and twenty. My houses 
&c in Stepney to my four sons, Archdale, Thomas, Samuel and Joshua. 
To my brother M r John Palmer and Mary his wife. To my brothers in 
law M r John Smith, M r Henry Smith and M r Thomas Smith. To my 
sisters in law M rs Jane Gore and M T9 Elizabeth Danvers. My brother in 
law M r John Pegg and his wife. My cousin Thomas Palmer of Stafford. 
My cousin Robert Palmer of Bassie-sliaw, London. My wife Martha to be 
the guardian of sons Samuel and Joshua, and also to be executrix of this 
my will &c. Pye? 115. 

William Palmer of Wanlippe als Oneleape, in the co. of Leicester 
Esq. 13 April 1692, proved 14 July 1693. To my wife Martha and my 
daughter Martha, at her age of one and twenty. My eldest son and heir 
Archdale Palmer. Three of my children, Thomas, William and Henry. 
Reference to adventures in Barbadoes. To my son John Palmer & his heirs 
the reversion and inheritance, after the death and decease of my sister in law 
M" Anne Appleton, of and in all my lands &c in Astbury ats Newbold 
Astbury, in the co. Palatine of Chester, with remainder to my youngest son 
Samuel, then to my right heirs. My late mother M rs Martha Palmer de- 
ceased. My loving uncle John Palmer Esq. My two brothers, Samuel 
Palmer and Joshua Palmer, and their two wives. My wife's three brethren, 
Rowland Hunt Esq., Thomas Hunt merchant and John Hunt Esq., and 
her sister M" Elizabeth Beale. Mj brother in law, John Moorewood Esq., 
and his wife. Coker, 115. 

'William Palmer of London, Doctor in Physic, 21 April 1708. Wife 
Mary. Brother Archdale Palmer of Wanlip Esq. and his children, whether 
of first or second marriage. My nephew John Palmer, the eldest son of 
his first marriage, and my nephew Charlton Palmer, the eldest son of his 
second marriage, already provided for. My wife to be executrix. 

Commission issued, 15 December 1716, to Henry Palmer, the paternal 
Uncle and lawfully appointed guardian of Mary Palmer, minor daughter, 
and only issue of William Palmer lately of the parish of St. Mary Alder- 
mary, London, Doctor in Medicine deceased &c, for the reason that Mary 
Palmer, wife of the deceased and executrix named in the will, hath departed 
this life. Fox, 234. 

John Palmer of the Middle Temple, London, Esq., 7 July, 1738, prov- 
ed 22 December 1738. To be buried in S' Laurence church by my dearl} 
beloved spouse. To my loving brother M r Thomas Palmer, of New 
England, 2 fifty pounds, and in case of his death to his eldest son Eliakim 
Palmer. To my dear brother M r Henry Palmer one hundred pounds. 
To my dear brother M r Samuel Palmer five hundred pounds. To 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 85 

my beloved sister M™ Martha Palmer five hundred pounds. To my 
nephew William Palmer five hundred pounds, and my two sets of cham- 
bers in Essex Court in Middle Temple. To my niece Barbara Palmer and 
her sister M™ Mary Palmer, daughters of the said Samuel Palmer, five hun- 
dred pounds apiece. To my daughter in law Mrs Graves one hundred 
pounds. To my grandson M r Joseph Andrews one hundred pounds. To 
my brother in law M r Thomas Palmer & his sister M" Mary Palmer tweu- 
ty pounds apiece. To my niece Bakewell ten pounds. To all my brother 
Archdale Palmer's children by his last wife ten pounds apiece. To my 
niece Molesworth ten pounds. To M r Andrews & Mr Graves, my sons in 
law ten pounds apiece. To ray nephew Eliakim Palmer ten pounds. To 
the Fund for supporting dissenting ministers fifty pounds. To D r Earl ten 
pounds, M r Newman, D r Wright's assistant five pounds, the poor of D r 
Earl's church five pounds & to M rs Gascoign five pounds. I give plain 
gold rings of sixteen shillings value to all my brothers & sisters, nephews 
& nieces, M r Andrews & his lady, M r Graves & his lady, D r Earl, I>* Al- 
len & my dear friend Thomas Hunt Esq. The rest & residue to my 
nephew William Palmer aforesaid whom I nominate and appoint executor. 

Wit: John Lauuder, John Launder, jun r & William Thirkill. 
- Mention of bonds & other property in M r Hoare's hands &c. I give 
rings to cousin Joshua Palmer, cousin More his sister, cousin Lloyd, cousin 
Birch, cousin Tom Beal, my diamond ring to said niece Barbara & all my 
other rings to my niece Molly, her sister. 

The above, was sworn to, 22 December 1738, by Henry Palmer of S* 
Mary Aldermanbnry, merchant, and Eliakim Palmer of the same parish, 
merchant. Brodrepp, 293. 

[ 2 His " loving brother Mr. Thomas Palmer of yew England," married Abigail 
Hutchinson the daughter of Eliakim, of Boston, who gave Thomas a piece of 
land at the foot of Fort Hill, upon which the beneficiary erected a large house 
which he subsequently altered into two tenements as mentioned in his son 
Eliakim's will. He was one of the most useful public men in Boston, and during 
along contest between the town and himself in relation to some of his father-in- 
law's property, he was still selected for the most important positions. He held 
advancing positions throughout life. 

By the will of Thomas he gave to his son Eliakim all of his "houses and 
lands wharves and real-estate wherever to be found," except one of the tenements 
above referred to ; he gave him also 4 ' one moiety of all my personal estate in what 
part of the world soever it may be found." Son Thomas was to have the other 
moiety of the personal property and the tenement which was left after Eliakim 
had taken his choice ; but the " Tappestry hangings in the end of the House Mr. 
Job Lewis now possesses shall not be taken down, but belong to that tenement 
whoever chooses it. To granddaughters Hannah and Abby Lewis £500 each ; 
all my plate to be divided between my children Eliakim Palmer and Sarah Lewis. 
To son Thomas wearing apparel, household goods, negro woman Fanny, with 
my horse and furniture and chaise. To brother Samuel, with my sister Martha 
Palmer and sister Arch. Palmer, each a Ring of suitable value, as also a Ring to 
my brother's wife. To my partner Xath 1 Balston. Esq.. £100 as a token of my 
love. £30 to the poor of Brattle St. Church and £10 each to Rev. Ben Q . 
Colman and Rev. Tho s . Cooper." Mourning clothes provided, &c. &c. Nathaniel 
Balston was Executor, and evidently the intended way of managing the property 
was a family secret as he never rendered any account until forced to do some- 
thing at the death of the son Thomas in 1752. brother of Eliakim, when he 
reported personal property in his hands belonging to the brothers, undivided, 
amounting to nearly .£'10,000. It will be noticed in Eliakim's will that he gave 
all the real estate inherited from his father, in trust to Nathaniel Balston, for 
the ultimate use of Abigail and Hannah Lewis his nieces. 

Thomas Palmer, the brother of Eliakim, left Boston for England in January, 
1750, and beside his will he gave written orders that his sister Mrs. Lewis should 
VOL. XHII. 8* 






86 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

remain in his house rent free, in case of his death, not returning from England 
or not giving contrary orders. Whether he died abroad or at home the -writer 
does not know ; his son Thomas under 14 years of age was put under the guar- 
dianship of James Boutineau and Nathaniel Bethune with bonds of £'4000, 
increased in 1760 to £10,000. — John Coffin Jones Brown.] 

Henry Palmer the elder of St Mary Alderrnanbury, London, Mer- 
chant, 19 April 1739, proved 22 May 1710. To my brother Thoma3 
Palmer of Boston in New England Esq. five hundred pounds and to his 
son Thomas Palmer and his daughter Sarah Lewis five hundred pounds 
each. To Job Lewis, the husband of the said Sarah Lewis, and to Hannah 
and Abigail Lewis, children of the said Job and Sarah, one hundred pounds 
each, and to Mary Palmer, wife of my said nephew Thomas Palmer, twenty 
pounds. To Anne Palmer, widow of my brother Archdale Palmer Esq. 
deceased, fifty pounds. To Anne Palmer, widow of my nephew John 
Palmer Esq. deceased, twenty pounds, and to Anne Palmer, her daughter, 
thirty pounds. To my nephew William, son of my brother Archdale Pal- 
mer Esq. deceased, twenty pounds and to Elizabeth Palmer, his wife, one 
hundred pounds, and to Henry Palmer, son of the said William and Eliza- 
beth, three hundred pounds. To my niece Elizabeth Bakewell one hundred 
pounds and to M r John Bakewell, her husband, twenty pounds. To my 
nephew Henry, son of my brother Archdale Palmer Esq. deceased, three 
hundred pounds. Reference to a bond of his to William Fauquire Esq. 
and other debts. Nephew Thomas, son of my brother Archdale Palmer 
Esq. deceased; Nephew Archdale Palmer, son of my brother Archdale 
Palmer Esq. deceased. Nephew Henry Palmer of London, Merchant. 
Niece Mary Faris, wife of William Faris, and John Faris her son. Anne 
Ewer, Katherine Handley, 3 Martha Lewis, Barbara Palmer, Charlton Pal- 
mer and Betty Palmer, children of my late brother Archdale Palmer Esq. 
deceased, and W r alter Ewer, Samuel Handley, Benjamin Lewis and William 
Faris, my nephews in law, and Rebecca Palmer, my niece in law. To the 
Hon. Doctor Coote Molesworth and his wife Mary Molesworth. My bro- 
ther Samuel Palmer and his wife Elizabeth and William, Barbara and Mary 
Palmer, children of the said Samuel. My sister Martha Palmer. My 
cousin Mary Palmer, spinster, and Sarah Blundell, widow of Benjamin 
Blundell. My much esteemed friend Lieut. Gen. Peers Esq. of the Barba- 
does. Item I give to the incorporated Society for propagating the Gospel 
in New England, whereof Sir Robert Clark is the present Governor, the 
sum of one hundred pounds. To my nephew Eliakim Palmer, eldest son 
of my brother Thomas Palmer, and his heirs and assigns my freehold 
house of inheritance situate on Ludgate in London, known by the name of 
the Swan and Star, and now in the occupation of Bernard Townsend, which 
house I purchased from Nicholas Chariton Esq., and to the said Eliakim 
the residue of my estate, as well in foreign parts as in England. The said 
Eliakim Palmer to be executor. Browne, 153. 

[ 3 There is a full pedigree of the family of Sir Samuel Handley in the College 
of Arms, London. — J. C. C. Smith.] 

Martha Palmer of Newgate Street, London, spinster, 19 April 1744, 
proved 14 January 1745. To my sister Anne Palmer, widow of my brother 
Archdale Palmer, thirty pounds. To my nephews, Harry Palmer and 
Charlton Palmer, and my nieces, Elizabeth Bakewell, Anne Ewer, Kathe- 
rine Handley and Martha Lewis, all children of my said brother Archdale 
Palmer, twenty five pounds each. To my nephew Archdale Palmer, in 



88 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 87 

whose house I now dwell, and my nieces Barbara and Betty Palmer, like- 
wise children of my said brother and yet unmarried, one hundred pounds 
each. To my nephew Eliakim Palmer and my niece Mary Molesworth 
twenty five pounds each. To my grand-nephew Harry Palmer, now in the 
East Indies, sixty pounds. To my nephew Thomas Palmer, son of my 
said brother Archdale, one hundred aud fifty pounds. To my sister Eliza- 
beth Palmer, widow of my brother Samuel, fifty pounds. To my nephew 
"William Palmer, only son of my said brother Samuel, five hundred pounds, 
and to his sisters Barbara and Mary Palmer seven hundred pounds each. 
My said nephew William to be executor, and to him three hundred pounds 
new South Sea Annuity stock, on trust to pay the interest and dividend 
arising therefrom to my niece Mary Faris, to -her sole and separate use 
exclusive of her present husband &c. To her son John Faris one hundred 
pounds at his age of twenty five years, or at the decease of his said mother, the 
which shall first happen. The Rev. M r . Samuel Chandler and others. 

Edmunds, 25. 

Eliakim Palmer of London, merchant, 14 May 1749, proved 24 May 
1749, as to the deceased's estate in England or in any other parts except 
in New England. Reference to contract on marriage with wife Elizabeth. 
To said wife fifteen thousand pounds. My father Thomas Palmer, of Boston 
in New England Esq. deceased, being seized in fee &c of a mansion house, 
by him built, at the foot of Fort Hill in Boston aforesaid and divided into 
two tenements, by his last Will and Testament gave and devised to me such 
one of the said two tenements as I should choose and the other tenement to 
my brother Thomas. I hereby make choice of that one now or late in the 
occupation of Charles Paxton Esq. and release &c to my said brother Thomas 
all my right and claim in and to the other tenement in which he now lives 
or lately lived. To Nathaniel Balston of Boston Esq. and my said brother 
Thomas Palmer, all my houses, buildings, wharves, lands and Real Estate 
whatsoever at Boston, during the life of my sister Sarah Lewis, wife of Job 
Lewis of the said town of Bostcn, in trust to pay the rent &c into the hands 
of my said sister for her sole and separate use. And after her decease I 
give the said houses &c to my nieces Abigail and Hannah Lewis, her daugh 
ters, as tenants in common &c. To the said Nathaniel Balston Esq. aud my 
brother Thomas Palmer one hundred pounds each, to M rs Mary Barker, 
widow of Dr. John Barker deceased, one hundred pounds, To John Faris, 
son of my cousin Mary Faris, one hundred pounds. To George Walker 
and the Hon. John Lyte of the Island of Barbadoes, esquires, fifty pounds 
each, making it my humble request to them that they will assist my executors 
In getting in that part of my effects which I shall ( — ) possessed of in the 
said Island. To Beeston Long Esq. 4 and M r Henry Norris Junior of London, 
merchants, my executors hereafter named, and to my cousin William Pal- 
mer of London, Attorney at Law, also one of my executors, the several sums 
of one hundred pounds each. Certain servants and others. My house in 
London. My house at Ealing. Ann Palmer widow of my late uncle 
Archdale Palmer. My late uncle Henry Palmer. The poor of the con- 
gregation of Protestant Dissenters in the Old Jewry, London. 

The residue to my son William Finch Palmer and the child or child- 
ren wherewith my wife is now •' Ensient." The said Nathaniel Balston 
Esq. and my said brother Thomas Palmer to be executors as to my estate 
in New England and the said Beeston Long, Henry Norris and William 
Palmer, as to the estate in England or any other parts except New England. 

Lisle, 157. 



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1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 89 

[ 4 BeestonLong was a West India merchant (see memoir of him in Gentleman's 
Magazine, 1785). One of his sons was created Baron Farnboromrh, and from one 
of his daughters descend the Brescotts baronets. — J. C. C. Smith.] 

Thomas Smyth the elder of Aldermanbury, London, Esq. 24 February 
1665, proved 13 June 1666. My two younger sons, Henry and Thomas 
Smith. My eldest son John Smith, with my consent, did marry Mary, 
one of the daughters of Sir Edmond Wright, knight, late Alderman of the 
City of London deceased. My daughter Jane was married unto William 
Gore Esq; My daughter Martha was married unto Archdale Palmer Esq.; 
Elizabeth, Margaret and Anne Smyth, three of the daughters of my said 
son John Smith, not yet married. My grandchild Jane Bennett and her 
father, Sir Humphry Bennett, knight. My brother in Law John Robinson 
Esq. and my brother William Robinson. The poor of St. Margaret Moy- 
ses parish in Friday Street, where I was born and christened. To M r Ed- 
mond Callamy, late minister of Aldermanbury Church, and to Dr. Walker, 
now minister &c. My three sons to be executors. Mico, 104. 

[The Arms of this family of Balmer may be thus described: Ar. two bars Sa., 
charged with three trefoils slipped, of the field. In Chief a greyhound courant, 
of the second, collared Or. 

Crest : On a mount Vert a greyhound sejant Sa. , gorged with a Collar Or, 
rimmed Gu., aud charged on the shoulder with a trefoil slipped Az. 

The pedigree on the opposite pase is based on those in Burke's Landed Gentry 
and the Visitation of London 1(333-34 (Harl. So. Pub.), which, by the way, 
differ as to the name of the father of "William Balmer of London. 

I have many notes relating to the Archdale Family, which I shall send for 
publication later on. — H. F. Waters.] 

JF I, Thomas Palmer of the Parish of St James, in the Island of Barbadoes? 
Gentleman, being bound on a voyage to Barbadoes &c. &c, whereas my 
brothers and sisters are already well provided for, in and by, my Father's 
will and I am engaged to marry Mrs. Mary Wethread of Boston, Spinster, 
daughter of Mrs. Dorothy Wethread, widow &.c. &c, 18 Sept. 1733 — 
Proved Oct. 27, 1740.— No.. 7508, Suffolk Probate Papers. 

[The above abstract is furnished by John C. J. Brown, Esq. , who adds this note- 
Luke Vardy who kept the Royal Exchange Tavern on King St., was a wit- 
ness to the will, and the name of Wethered will be recognized as belonging to 
another inn-keeper of the time. In Vardy 's house Benj. Woodbridge began the 
war of words which led to his death by the hands of Henry Bhillips: it was 
noted as a place of assemblage for gaming and drinking, and possibly this will 
of Thomas Balmer was obtained by a black-mail game of the olden time, which 
undoubtedly resulted in nothing. It will be noticed that seven years had elapsed 
before it was offered for probate, and there seems to have been nothing more 
done about it.] 

John Chamberlaine of London, gentleman, 18 June 1627, proved 13 
March 1627. To be buried in the parish of St. Olaves in the Old Jury, 
where I was born and christened and where my father, my mother, my 
brother Robert and other friends are interred. "My funerall I would haue 
performed w th as little trouble and charge as maibee answearable to the still 
and quiett course I haue allwaies sought to followe in my life time." To 
the poor of that parish five pounds and to the poor of St. Mary Alderman- 
bury ten pounds. To poor prisoners at Ludgate ten pounds, in the Counter 
in the Poultry five pounds, in the Counter in Woodstreet five pounds, the 
poor distracted people in Bedlam five pounds. To the Right Honorable 
the Lord Carleton, Baron of Imbercourt, a basin and ewer of silver of one 
hundred ounces or thereabouts, to the value of thirty pounds. To Lady 



90 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Winwood, late the wife of S r Ralph Winwood, knight, 1 principal Secretary 
to King James, and to the Lady Fanshawe, late wife to Sir Henry Fans- 
hawe, knight, to each of them a basin and ewer of silver to the same value 
of thirty pounds. To Sir William ivories, knight (the elder), a ring of gold 
of forty shillings. To my sister Poole a ring of gold of forty shillings. To 
M r Alexander Williams, of the Pipe Office, and to his wife, to each of them 
a ring of gold of forty shillings. To M r Dudley Carleton, son of George 
Carleton Esq., a ring &c. To M™ Anne Smith, sister to Dr. Gilbert and 

wife to Smith, gentleman, a ring &c. To my nephew S Lr Thomas 

Stewkeley, knight, two hundred pounds and to his eldest son Sir Hugh 
Stewkeley, knight and Baronet, and to his second son Thomas, to each of 
them twenty pouuds. To my niece Lady Drewrie, late wife of S ir Henry 
Drew r ry, twenty pounds. To my nephews Edmond, John, Zachary, Francis, 
George, sons of my sister Windham deceased, and to my niece the Lady 
Stroode, their sister, to each of them twenty pounds. To my cousin Ed- 
mund Windham (eldest son of my nephew Thomas Windham) twenty 
pounds. To my god-daughter Rebecca Tothill, daughter of my cousin 
Tothill, widow, dwelling in the parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate, 
twenty pounds. To Anne, 2 late wife to my brother George Chamberlain 
deceased, and now wife to John Poole Esq., alderman of the City of Lon- 
don, an annuity or yearly rent of fifty pounds for the terra of her natural life, 
to be issuing out of all that my manor or lordship of Suttonu Gannocke in 
the County of Lincoln and out of all my lands, tenements and hereditaments 
in Suttonn Gannocke, in said County of Lincoln, during her natural life. I 
do give and bequeath unto her, the said Anne Poole, in lieu and recompence 
of one annuity &c, of fifty pounds pr annum heretofore usually paid unto 
her the said Anne by my late brother Richard Chamberlain deceased, in 
consideration of accounts cleared between my said brothers George and 
Richard, as being joint executors of the last Will & Testament of my late 
brother Robert Chamberlain Esq. deceased, one annuity &c of forty pounds 
&c. I give also to the said Mrs Alice Carleton five hundred pounds and my 
inlaid cabinet that usually staudeth upon the low chest near my bedside, 
with all that shall be in it at the time of my decease, and whatsoever she 
hath else of mine in her custody; and this I do in regard of the sincere 
good will and honest affection I bear her and of the true and long continued 
friendship between us. To my nephew Thomas Wiudham of Hensforde in 
the County of Somerset Esq., all that mauor of Minsterworth in the County 
of Gloucester and the manor of Etloe in the same County and two hundred 
pounds- To John Cuife, sometime servant to my brother Richard Chamber- 
Iain, twenty pounds and one of my parts or shares in Bermudas or Summer 
Islands. Another part or share in the same Islands I give & bequeath to 
my servant Richard Reeve, also forty pounds and all my wearing apparel 
if he be in my service at the time of my decease. To all the servants that 
shall be in my nephew Hugh Windham's house, at the time of my decease, 
to each forty shillings. To my nephew Hugh Windham and his heirs for- 
ever my manor or lordship of Suttonn Gannocke &c (charged with the several 
annuities) as likewise all other lands that I shall leave undisposed or quillets 
or houses in Greenwich, Sollihill, Studlie, or elsewhere, and likewise all my 
parts and shares, title and interest that I shall have at the time of my de- 
cease in the Bermudaes or Sommer Islands or in Virginia, to him and hi3 
heirs forever. He to be executor. 

Wit : Antho : Oaldfield, Law. Chambers, John Burton, Richard Reeue. 

Barrington, 25. 



rx> 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 91 

Scntentia pro confirmatione etc. etc., in judicio inter Hugonem Wyndham, 
etc., et Dnni Thomarn Stewklie militem Dnam Susanara Drewrie Thorn. 
Wyndham arniigerum Johan. Wyndham Franciscum Wyndham et Geor*:" 1 
Wyndham generosos necnon Dominam Margaretam Strowde nepotes et 

neptes ex sorore ac proximos cousanguineos etc. 26 June 1628. 

Barrington, 61. 

[John Chamberlain, the testator, seems to have been a son of Richard Chamber- 
lain, " alderman and sherif of London k of Anne his wife da. & heire of Robert 
Pownes of Yaldmg in Kent, gent." Elizabeth, sister of the testator, married 
Hugh Stewkley or Stukeley. Their son, Sir Thomas, knt., and their grandson. 
Sir Hugh, bart., are named in the will. Their daughter Susan married Sir Hugh 
Prewry, knt., and she is named in the will. Margery Chamberlain, another 
sister of the testator, married Edmund Windham of Kenesford, co. Somerset, 
whose pedigree is given in the Visitation of London, Publications of the 
Harleian Society, vol. 17, page 357. The arms and crest of Robert Chamberlain, 
brother of the testator, are given in the above volume on the^saine page. 
See also Burke's Extinct Baronetage, ed. 1344. page 311. 

The names of Richard aud John Chamberlain are found early in New Eng- 
land. At a later date, 1GS1 to 1686, Richard Chamberlain was secretary of the 
Province of New. Hampshire. He was the author of " Lithobolia," London, 
1698.— Editor. 

1 Sir Ralph "Win wood, buried at St. Bartholomew the Less, London, Sept. 
30, 1617; his widow buried there Sept. 28, 1659. — J. C. C. Smith. 

2 Mrs. Anne Poole was the daughter and heiress of Lawrence Overton 
of London. She married, first, George Chamberlain; second, alderman Poole 
of London; and third, Sir John Ramsden of Byrom and Longley, York- 
shire, knt., ancester of the Ramsdens baronets. (See Betham's Baronetage, 
vol. 3, page 93, and Poster's London Marriage Licences, pp. 259 and 1110.) — 
Editor. 

Wilfoi Tarboxe of par. Lowton, Bucks, husbandman, dat. Mch. 20, 1562 
p. Mch. 21, 1563 (Arch. Bucks). Son-in-law Wm. Line (living). Luce 
Line (unmar d ). Isabell Line, Brygett Line, "their father's legacis Willm 
Line lette of Lowton. 1 ' Wife Agnes. 

Thos. Tarbox of Mentmore, veoman, dat. Oct. 10, 1636, p. Mch. 16, 
1648 (?7-8, or 8-9) (Arch. Bucks). Brother Wm. T. & his 3 sons l 8 . 
each, brother Rich d . T. & his 4 child", Henry, Mary, Eliz th & Joane, I s . each. 
Sister Agnes Emerton, £6; her son Rich d . E. £5. Sister Sarah Carter, 
her child 11 . Rob'. Wm. & Sara, also her dau. Eliz th C. & her son John C, 
Thos. Curtis, eld 1 , son of said Sara C. 

Alice Tarbox of Mentmore, widow, dat. Feb. 1, 1628, p. Feb. 11, 
1631-2 (Arch. Bucks). Dau. Agnes Emerton, her son Ric. E.. dau. Sara 
Carter, Thos. Curtise, Eliz th . Carter, Rob'. Carter & his father, W m . Carter, 
John Carter, my cosen Sarah Carter, my son Wm. his three sons, son 
Rich*. & his 3 child"., son John T. 

Thomas Tarbox of Mentmore, yeoman, dat. Sep. 30, 1613, p. Sep. 28, 
1614 (Arch. Bucks). Thos. Curtice, 20 3 , each of Wm. Tarbox child- 8 , Annis 
my daur's child 11 ., my dau. Saraes child 11 ., son John, Wife — — . 

George Tarbox of St. Peter's. Herts, milner, dat. Dec. 27, 1641, p. 
Feb. 18, 1641-2 (12 Cambell). Eld*, dau. Mary, dau. Sarah, dau. Ellen, 
dau. Sarah Newton, dau. Hannah Newton, son Thos. Newton, dau-in-law 
Sarah Newton, brother Joseph T. 

Ricn d . Tarbox of Dunton, Bucks, yeoman, dat. Sep. 8, 1655, p. Oct. 14, 
1658 (551 Wootton). To wife Eliz th , Summerleyes Close, etc. at Ment- 
more for life, Rem r . to my grandchild Richard T., grandch a RicbA Miller, 



92 JVotes and Queries. [J 



an. 



Rich d . Wigg & Rich d . Simpson, RichA Carter, Mary Chandler, grandchild 
3Eliz th . Tarbox sister of said Rich d . 

Thomas Tarboxe of Brockhampton, Hereford, 1653 (237 Brent). 
"Wife Ann, daurs. Marg*. T. Ellenor & Alice, son Thos. T. 

William Tarbox the elder of Mentmore, Bucks, veonian, beinir aged, 
dat. Mch. 6, 1658, p. May 14, 1662 (Arch. Bucks). Grandchild Thomas 
T., grandchild William T., Rebecca T., grandchild Susana T., grandchild 
Rebecca T., my sister Sarah's daughters, sons Thomas T. & Edward T. 
Executors. 

Thomas Tarbox of Mentmore, yeoman, dat. Sep. 8, 1673, p. Oct. 30, 
1673 (Arch. Bucks). Grandson Tho\ Glenister, son of W ra . & Susanna 
G. of Piddlestone, Bucks, grandson W m . Glenister, granddau. Mary Tar- 
box, the 2 eld', sons of Tho 8 . Stevens of Cheddington, Bucks, godson Thos 9 . 
Tayler of Soulbury, Bucks. Son W"'. T. my house etc. at Mentmore, also 
lands in Cheddington field, son Thos. T., son-in-law W m . Glenister, Kins- 
man M r . Rich d . t. of Cubblington, Bucks. 

William Tarbox of Mentmore, husbandman, dat. Dec. 20, 1658, p. 
Feb. 12, 1658-0 (112 Pell). Wife Anne, £420, brother Edward, brother 
Thomas, Thomas son of said Thomas, under 21. Rebecca T. dau. of said 
Thomas, £5 at 21, Susanna T. dau. of said Thos., W m . T. son of said Tho". 
Residue of houses, etc., to brother Edward and he Executor. 

Thomas Tarbox of Mentmore, Bucks, yeoman, dat. Sep. 6, 1564, p. 
May 7, 1565 (Arch. Bucks). Wife Elizabeth, son Thomas T. 

Edward Tarbox of Admofi Arch. Bucks, .... 1665 to 

(Thomas?) Tarbox, brother (perished). 

[The preceding abstracts of Tarbox -wills were contributed by a London friend 
of Mr. Waters, Avho had read in the Register for January last (vol. 42 . pp. 27- 
8), the remarks of the late Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D.. on the origin of his 
surname. These abstracts show that the name in its present fonn was found 
in England, three quarters of a century before John Tarbox settled in Massa- 
chusetts. Dr. Tarbox was in North Carolina when these abstracts am red, but 
copies of the earliest ones were sent to him. He died a few days after his 
return, but expressed to me his gratification at receiving them, stating that he 
was more inclined to the opinion that Tarbox was of English origin, and not 
unlikely a corruption of the Lancashire name, Tarbock or Torback. — Editor.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Origin* of General U. S. Grant. — Almost every writer who has occasion to 
allude to the subject, assumes that he was of Scotch ancestry ; but of this I 
have seen no evidence, though I have carefully studied the history of the Grant 
family since 1859 ; years before the General had made himself famous. There 
is no "doubt of his descent from Mathew Graunt of Windsor, Conn., an English- 
man of good education, in whose writings I do not remember to have seen a 
single Scotch expression. Dr. J. H. Trumbull, of Hartford, Conn., many years 
ago, made public the principal dates in his life from a record made by himself, 
but I have seen no hint of his probable origin till the New York Gen. and Biog. 
Record of January, 1S87, p. 40, published the marriage at St. Mary's Le Strand, 
London, 25 March, IGOi), of " Mathew Graunt and Susan Shewers, by Licence from 
the faculties." 

The coincidence of names would suggest that this may have been a second 
marriage of our Mathew Graunt's father; and Loudon, as the place in which to 
look for his ancestry. D. Williams Patterson - . 

Newark Valley, 2V. Y. » 



18S9.1 Notes and Queries. 93 

Ralph Brapfiurst, of Roxbury, one of the grantees of Leicester by the In- 
di.in deed of 27 Jan. 1686, had daughters, married as follows, viz. : 
Rhoda, to John Colburn, of Roxbury. 
Dorothy, to Jacob Bacon, of Stonington, Conn. 
Hannah, to Timothy Peirce, of Plainrield, Conn. 
Abigail, to Isaac Bacon, of Pomfret, Conn. 

See Mdx. Deeds, Lib. xxv. fol. 569. 

Geo. A. Gordon. 



Queries. 

Everett — Brown. The town records of Dedham give the marriage of Dea- 
con John Everett to " Marcy " Brown. 3 January, 1699-1700. Who was Mercy 
Brown? Was she that daughter of William, of Plymouth and Eastham, of whose 
name, but not date of birth, we have a record? John Everett was son of Eliza- 
beth Pepper, whose brother joined the Eastham settlement. Did he invite his 
future wife from there after her father's death? The newly-printed '• Dedham 
Records, Vol. II." give Mercy Everett's death, from the books of the Second 
Parish, as occurring 27 November, 1758, " aged about 70." This would give her 
birth in 1678. She would be thus many years younger than the other children 
of William of Plymouth, whose births are recorded. It is noticeable, though 
far from singular, that her tombstone gives her death as 30 November, 1749; 
but there seems no reason to prefer this date to that of the church books. I 
am aware that the Cape records, especially those of Eastham, have sutfered 
grievously. William Everett. 

Quiiicy, Mass. 

Wetherbee. — I wish to find some mention before 1670 of John Wetherbee, 
who was married in Marlboro' in 1672, or of his descendants? 
Madison, Wis. Ja3ies D. Butler. 



Bush.— Query, Did John Bush of Wells, Maine, 1640-63, and his wife Grace, 
have children? and if so, what were their names? Query, Who was the father 
of Samuel Bush, of Sudbury, Mass., whose first child was born there in 1677? 
Address Rev. Stephen Bush, D.D. 

Waterford, Neio York. 



Baxter. — Wanted, particulars concerning the father of Erancis Baxter. Fran- 
cis was born in Enfield, Conn., about 1707, and his father owned a farm in the 
east part of Enfield, about five miles east of Connecticut River. What was his 
name? Wanted, also, the names of the descendants of Erancis Baxter; his 
children and grandchildren. j. p. b. 

John West Folsom. — Are there now living descendants of John West Fol- 
som, printer and publisher, 10 Union Street, for many years previous to 1823? 
He was the first Secretary of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Associa- 
tion. Also Wor. Master of Columbian Lodge, in 1799, 1800-1»01. 

A. A. F. 



Cosse, or Cosset, Cossitt, &c. — Information desired concerning this family, 
in France. 

Jean Cosset lived near Quebec, Can., in the year 1667, from whom the present 
family in Batiscan, Can., are supposed to have descended. Who icere his ances- 
tors? Francois and Rene Cossitt arrived in Conn., U. S., from France early 
in 1700, supposed as paroled prisoners-of-war. I wish to trace this line into 
France. Will some one suggest best method? Where shall I look for coat-of- 
arms of the Cosse or Coss-Brissac families? Capt. Matthews, of H. M. S. 
Chester, captured and brought to Boston the French ship Neptune bound for 
Canada, July 27, 1711. Where should I look for a list of the prisoners? 

Adrian, Michigan. Frederick Briggs Strbblns. 

VOL. XLUI. 9 



94 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Transports at Boston. — " In the year 1730, Col. Josiah Willard of Lunen- 
burg -while at Boston was invited to take a walk on the Long- Wharf to view 
some transports who had just landed from Ireland. A number of gentlemen 
present were reviewing the exercise of some lads who were placed on shore to 
exhibit their activity to those who wished to purchase." 

One of these boys bought by Col. Willard was the future husband of Susanna 
Willard, Mrs. James Johnson, who relates this incident in the Narrative of her 
Captivity. 

Will not the date, 1730, enable some one to ascertain particulars about this cargo 
of transports? How many were there? What became of them? Were such 
cargoes common? James D.. Butler. 

Madison, Wis. 



Genealogical Queries : 

Query 1. — Jonathan Willoughby, eldest son of Dep. Gov. Francis Wflloughby, 
of Charlestown, Massachusetts, was born about 1G35, in England. He preached 
in Wethersfield, Conu., from Sept. 1664, to May 1066. and afterwards for a short 
time in Haddam, Conn. His wife was Grissel, daughter of John and Ann Gokls- 
burge [Goldsborough?] of Godmanehester, Huntingtonshire. Is anything more 
known of her and her ancestry? By this wife he had a daughter Mary, b. May 
8, 1664. Had he other children? If so, what is known of them? . Is any other 
information to be obtained about him? Is there now living any descendant of 
Dep. Gov. Willoughby in the male line? 

Query 2. — Mrs. Elizabeth Willoughby, widow of Col. William Willoughby, 
Commissioner of the Royal Navy, left a legacy in her will (witnessed iu London 
in 1662) to her sister Mrs. Jane Hammond of Virginia, who was mother of Capt. 
Laurance Hammond the third husband of Margaret widow of Dep. Gov. Wil- 
loughby of Massachusetts, sou of Col. William Willoughby. She also left a 
legacy to her sister Mrs. Anna Griffin of Portsmouth. England, wife of William 
Griffin. Are any of the descendants of Mrs. Jane Hammond living? In 1677 
Mrs. Rebecca Saintbury (perhaps Sainsbury) of St. Olave. Southwark, co. Surrey, 
left a bequest to her niece Elizabeth Griffin in Virginia. Anions early grants of 
land in Virginia is one of Dec. 9, 1662. to William Griffin. Was he the same 
person as the brother-in-law of Mrs. Elizabeth Willoughby? Are any of his 
descendants living? Can the family name of Mrs. Elizabeth Willoughby and 
her sisters Mrs. Jane Hammond and Mrs. Anna Griffin be ascertained? 

Query 3. — John Lord, son of Mr. Thomas Lord, one of the original proprie- 
tors of Hartford, married first. Rebecca Bushnell of Guilford: second, Adrean 
Basey of Hartford. He left her, and went to Virginia. An , excellent letter 
from him to his nephew, Mr. Richard Lord of Hartford, is dated " Apomatixe 
[Appomattox] the 20 th of Feb. 1663." He appears to have been engaged in 
raising tobacco, but speaks also of barley. Is there any further knowledge of 
him? Did he leave descendants? If so, are any of them now living? 

Information is needed for the large historical and genealogical work now 
being printed by Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury, New Haven, Connecticut. 



Fiske.— William, b. 10 Nov. 1678. son of Lieut. Nathan and Elizabeth (Fry) 
Fiske, m. 3 Nov. 1708, Eunice, b. 1686, dau. of Stephen and Hannah (Stanhope) 
Jennings, of Framingham, and had, William and Stephen, both bapt. 17 April, 
1715. (Bond's Watertown.) 
The mutilated records of Ashford, Conn., contain the following : — 
William, son of William Fisk by Unis his wife, born 20 Apr. 1709. 
Hannah, dau. of same, born 20 Apr. 1712. 
Stephen, son of same, born 14 Sep. 1714. 
Nathan, son of same, born 13 Feb. 1722-3. 
William Fisk appeared at Ashford as early as May, 1716, when he sold to 
Thomas Orcu'tt •' the land where the house he now occupies is situated." Can 
any one give a complete list of his children or any further account of the 
family? 



*e 






1889.] Notes and Queries. 95 

John Fisk of Pomfret, housewright, bought in 1753 of Nathan Abbott of 
pomfret. land lying partly in Pomfret and partly in Ashford. He m. 9 Jan. 
IT.".;, Mary, b. 6 Nov. 1735, dan. of John and Mary (Willis) Ingalls of Pomfret; 
had children, Mary, John Willys who d. 1776, Sarah. Alice and Daniel, and d. 6 
Ann. 1790. In 1756 he sold to William Legg of Mendon, 30i acres in Mendon, 
North Purchase (now Milford). What relationship (if any) was there between 
John of Pomfret and William of Ashford, and how did John acquire his interest 
In the Mendon land? Who was the above Mary Willis? 

F. E. Randall. 

Young. — Query 1. Joseph Younsr, b. June 20, 1749 ; Anna Folsom, b. Feb. 27, 
1748; were m. Feb. 24, 1771, by the Rev. Mr. Odlin of Exeter. N. H.,andd. 
Nov. 1, 1812. Joseph Young senior, his father, d. 7 months before his birth, 
or about Nov. 1748. 

Can readers of the Register inform the writer, when, and where, Joseph 
senior was b. and to whom he was m. ? 

Query 2. It is stated that one Capt. Young, and 3 meu with him, in 1G36, 
went up the river Sagadahock. upon discovery, and carrying their canoes some 
little ways near the Forks of the Kennebeck river, went into a Canadian river. 
This story has long been told in diverse ways, which is probably more tradi- 
tional than truthful, considering that iu 1636 so little was known of the head 
waters of our rivers at that period, and particularly of the Canadian country via 
the rivers of Maine. What was the christian name of that courageous Captain, 
who we are also told met with disaster, and was himself exported to France ? 

Query 3. John Young of Plymouth, m. Abigail, Dec. 13, 1648. Can auy 
readers of the Register give us the surname of Abigail? or, who were her 
parents? 

Query 4. Capt Joseph Young of the Ship " Love." Did he settle in this 
country? Dr. Aaron Young. 

295 Columbus Ave., Boston, Mass. 



Derby (Darby).— I shall be grateful for information concerning the ancestry 
of John Darby of Marblehead, who died about 1689. His widow, Alice, married 
"Woodbury of Beverly. 

Tarbox" Derby married Elizabeth Wright, both of Concord (?), Mass. Can 
any one give the date of their marriage, or inform me of the time or manner of 
Ms death? Elizabeth (Wright) Darby married a second husband, Stephen Bent, 
Nov. 28, 1782. ' S. C. Derby. 

Columbus, Ohio. 



Historical Intelligence. 

Alumni Oxontexses, 1500-1714.— In our memoir of Col. Joseph L. Chester 
in the Register for January, 1884, pages 7, 8 and 18, we gave an account of the 
transcription by Col. Chester of the ""Matriculation Regfsters of Oxford Uni- 
versity from 1567 to 1869, which he had with enormous labor arranged alpha- 
betically and copied into seven large folio volumes. In our issue of January, 

1886, we announced that Mr. Joseph Foster, the author of the British Peerage, 
Baronetage and Knightage and other meritorious genealogical works, had pur- 
chased for a large sum Col. Chester's Marriage Licences and also this work, 
and had issued proposals for printing both works by subscription. The Mar- 
riage Licences were arranged alphabetically by Mr. Foster and published in 

1887. A notice of them will be found in this periodical for April, 1887. 

The Matriculation Registers of Oxford University were completed to the year 
1886 by Mr. Foster, who after thoroughly annotating them commenced the publi- 
cation of the latter portion from 1715 to 1886, in four large octavo volumes. 
The third volume is noticed by us this quarter, and the last volume has 
reached us since this announcement was in type. 

The publication of the Registers from 1715 to 1886 has entailed a loss upon 
him, but Mr. Foster is willing if sufficient encouragement is obtained to print 
the earlier portion, 1500 to 1714, though he will have to charge a higher price 
for the volumes. This section will have a particular interest for New England 
people. Mr. Foster has issued the following prospectus : 



96 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

"The completion of the present section of ' Alumni Oxonienses ' affords me 
the opportunity, which I gladly embrace, of thanking my subscribers for their 
support, by which alone this great undertaking has been brought to a successful 
issue. Many of them are now begging me to lose no time in issuing the earlier 
series (1500 to 1714), for which they are eagerly waiting. The MS. is in a 
very advanced state; but I fear I must shrink from actually committing myself 
to its publication unless my list of subscribers to it greatly exceeds the present 
number. 

'* It may seem almost incredible that the publication of the present series of 
this most "valuable and important work, which has been enthusiastically wel- 
comed by students and in the public press, should nevertheless have resulted in 
a present deficit of .£2,000. But such is the case, and this being so it is abso- 
lutely necessary that the earlier series (1500 to 1714) should be issued at an in- 
creased rate, viz., in 4 vols, at two guineas each to subscribers, instead of a 
31 — 6 as in the latter series. Should a sufficient number of subscribers send in 
their names before January 1, the first instalment could be ready by midsummer. 

" ' Historically and genealogically the entire series will prove of the greatest 
interest to the student of personal history, and most of all it will be welcome to 
genealogists throughout the world, for from its pages they will henceforth be 
able to construct whole pedigrees based on a series of irrefragable proofs of 
even greater value than the Herald's visitations themselves.' " 



Devonshire and Cornwall "Notes and Gleanings." — A magazine en- 
titled Notes and Gleanings will be commenced this year by W. Cotton and James 
Dallas, 59£ High Street, Exeter. England. It will be devoted chiefly to the 
registration of facts of special interest connected with the counties of Devon 
and Cornwall. Annual subscription six shillings ; by post six shillings and six 
pence. 



Wlnslow Memorial. — Those who possess the first volume of this magnum 
opus of the late Dr. D. P. Holton, will be pleased to learn that its second volume 
is in press and nearly ready for delivery. His widow and life-long associate in 
this work (Mrs. F. Iv. Holton. 12 Clinton Place, New York City) has, during 
the past five years, made herculean efforts and sacrifices to accomplish its com- 
pletion. Laboring amid discouragements of all sorts, and under conditions of 
health almost insuperable, she had it almost ready for publication a year ago, — 
when by the fire in The Century Building she lost most of her printed matter, 
portraits, and the Index to the two volumes. With great courage she has re- 
placed these, and the completed work will probably be in subscribers' hands in 
or about January, 1889. Price $5. h. r. s. 



Andover Records. — The Andover Townsman, a newspaper published at An- 
dover, Mass., of which the Rev. C. C. Carpenter is editor, on the 19th of October 
last, began printing the records of births, marriages and deaths of that town 
which begin in 1649. Interesting notes are given in each number of the 
paper. Persons who have a genealogical interest in Andover will do well to 
subscribe to the Townsman. Price §2 a year in advance. 

Henry R. Steles, M.D. — This gentleman has lately accepted the editorship 
of a new illustrated historical magazine to be entitled The National Historical 
Magazine. It will be issued monthly from the press of Messrs. Joel Munsell's 
Sons, Albany, N. Y. Its field will be the United States — historical, biographical, 
literary and industrial. The first number will probably appear in April, 1869. 

Genealogies ln Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 









ae 



1889.] Notes and Queries. 97 

graduation from colleges or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should be 
used -when the full names are known. 

BarlUtt. By Hiram Bartlctt Lawrence, 185 Pine Street, Holyoke, Mass. — It 
will contain a nearly complete record of the descendants of Robert Bartlett, 
who settled in Plymouth in 1023. 

Driver. By Mrs. Harriet Ruth (Waters) Cooke, 43 East 57th Street, New 
York city. — The book is devoted to the descendants of Robert Driver, who 
settled at Lynn in 1630, according to Lewis, and his wife Phebe, both of whom 
lived to be over eighty years of age. About fifty families of their descendants 
have been traced. An Appendix will contain accounts of twenty-three collateral 
families, namely, Archer, Babbidge, Beckford. Bray, Cash, Crowninshield, Daland, 
Derby, Flint, Herrick. Ives, Kimball, Luscomb, Metcalf. Moses. Xeal, Palmer, 
Patterson. Saunders, Silsbee, Webb and Wellman. The compiler is a descendant, 
being a daughter of Harriot (Driver) and William Waters of New York. Mr. 
Perley Derby of Salem has been engaged to look up the early generations of the 
family. Much historical matter will be given in the text and also in the appendix. 
The companions of William in the conquest of England in 1000 will be printed 
in the appendix, descendants of whom occur in the Driver family. The book 
will make about 500 pages. The edition will consist of 300 or perhaps 500 
copies. It is to be a free gift to descendants and contributors. To all others, 
the price will be $2.50, which is less than cost. 

Billsbimj. By Emily A. Getchell, 15 Woodland St. , Newburyport, Mass. — The 
first of the name, William Pillsbury, came from England to Dorchester in 1611, 
and in 1651 removed to Newbury, whence his posterity have spread through the 
United States. This genealogy was commenced some years since by Mr. David 
B. Pillsbury, the present compiler assisting. He died two years and a half ago. 
At the reunion of the Pillsbury Family in September last, it was voted to proceed 
with the undertaking and a committee was appointed. The compiler wishes to 
hear from persons bearing the name or connected by blood with the family. 

Putnam. By Eben Putnam, P. O. Box 2713, Boston, Mass. — Mr. Putnam is 
preparing a genealogical record of the descendants of John Putnam, of Danvers, 
1640. Blanks will be sent on application. The compiler requests, in order that 
the work may be completed at an early date, that copies of family records, ad- 
dresses of persons of the name, and other information, be sent to him at once. 

Bobinson. By Charles E. Robinson. P. O. Box 1001, New York, N. Y.— This 
work, which is devoted to the Genealogy of the Robinsons, descendants of 
emigrants to America previous to 1700, and their English ancestry, and has been 
prosecuted on a very extensive plan, since the summer of 1881, will contain a 
complete lineage of the descendants of the Rev. John Robinson, of Leyden, 
Hoi., the father of the pilgrims; also many other branches of the Robinsons 
prominent in the early history of this coimtry, and it is most earnestly urged 
upon all interested in this work, who have not already done so, to communicate 
with the compiler immediately, who will transmit to them, by mail, blank forms 
for the records of their family. 

Whitcomb. By F. W. Shepardson, of Granville, Ohio. 

Young. By Dr. Aaron Young, 295 Columbus Avenue, Boston, Mass. — Dr. 
Young's collection is very large and consists of many distinct families, the an- 
cestral heads of whom settled in as many different towns throughout New 
England. 



Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents 
relating to any of these towns are advised to send them at once to the person 
engaged in writing the history of that town. 

Bumford, Maine. By William B. Lapham, M.D., of Augusta, Maine. — The 
readers of the Register know that Dr. Lapham is the author of several valuable 
town histories. The work he is now engaged upon promises to be an interesting 
one. We trust that those who are able to assist him by furnishing facts or 
documents will do so. 

VOL. XLIII. 9* 



98 Societies and their Proceedings, [Jan. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-Englaxd Historic Genealogical Society. 

Wednesday, October 3, 1888. A quarterly meeting was held in the hall of the 
Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, the president, 
Abuer C. Goodell. Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

D. G. Haskins, Jr., the recording secretary, announced some important 
donations. 

Rev. Luther Farnbam, of Boston, read a paper entitled, " Fifty Years of the 
White Mountains." 

Hamilton A. Hill, the corresponding secretary, reported the acceptance of 
corresponding membership, to which he had been elected, by N. Darnel Davis, 
of Georgetown, Demarara. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported as donations since the last meeting, 
32 volumes and 115 pamphlets. 

November 7. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, 
President Goodell in the chair. 

The president announced the death of Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of 
Chicago, honorary vice-president for the State of Illinois, and appointed George 
K. Clarke, LL.B., William B. Trask, A.M., and Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., a com- 
mittee to prepare resolutions on his death. 

Mr. Hill/ the corresponding secretary, announced some important donations. 

Rev. John W. Harding, D.D.. of Longmeadow, Mass., read a paper entitled, 
" Comparative Civilizations' on the Connecticut and St. Lawrence Rivers." 

The corresponding secretary's report was read, announcing the acceptance of 
the membership to which they had been elected by Rev. Charles R. Weld, of 
Baltimore, as corresponding; and Charles T. Davis, Winthrop C. Winslow, 
Charles A. Greene, M.D., Edward K. Butler, Jr., James H. Lee, George D. 
Ayers, Thedore F. Dwight, Hon. Frederick Billings and Charles K. Bolton, as 
resident members. 

The librarian reported 78 volumes and 230 pamphlets as donations in October. 

The president appointed Mr. John J. May, Rev. Henry A. Hazen and Mr. 
Frank E. Bradish. a committee to make arrangements for a proper represer- 
tation of the Society at the celebration in New York, April 30, 1889, of the 
centenary of the inauguration of Washington as president of the United States. 

Old Coloot Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, October 8, 1888. — A quarterly meeting was held in 
Historical Hall, the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, in the chair. 

Hon. William E. Fuller, the historiographer, reported upon the recent death 
of six members of the Society, — Frederick Hathaway, Mrs. Eliza A. Reed, Mrs. 
Ann S. B. Vickery, Joseph Dean, Rev. Thomas T. Richmond and Hon. Joshua 
E. Crane. 

A paper by Rev. Dr. Enoch Sanford of Raynham. now in his 93d year, who is 
too aged and infirm to be present, was read by President Emery. The subject 
was, " The result of the Ecclesiastical Council called to consider the Case of 
Capt. Peter Pitts of Dighton, censured in 1781: for selling his negro Servant." 

Capt. John W. Dean Hall, the librarian, reported the donations since the 
last meeting. 

Dr. Jones, the treasurer, reported about $600 in the treasury. 

Rhode Islaxd Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, October 2, 1888. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
evening, the president, Prof. William Gammell, LL.D.', in the chair. 

The librarian reported as donations during the last quarter, 18 volumes, 268 
pamphlets and 24 other articles. 



1889.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 99 

The subject of the publication of a map of Rhode Island with the Indian 
nomenclature was reported on by the committee on Indian names. This com- 
mittee is -working to obtain information as to the correct pronunciation, and, as 
far as possible, the proper spelling of Indian names throughout the country. 

President Gammell spoke of the death of Ro^ laud G. Hazard as affecting 
both the Society and the University, and suggested that the president of each 
institution pronounce an eulogy on him at the next meeting to be held in Manning 
Hall. The death of Dr. William Grosvenor was also announced. 
' The committee on buildings reported recent bequests of SI 000 each from 
Rowland G. Hazard, Mrs. Elizabeth A. Shepard and Ira Ballou Peck. 

Mr. Isaac P. Noyes, of Washington, D. C, then read a paper on " Our Weather 
System." 

October 30. — A union meeting of this Society and Brown University was held 
this evening in Manning Hall, Brown University, in honor of the memory of the 
late Hon. Rowland Gibson Hazard. He was the senior member of the Historical 
Society, a fellow of the University, and the founder of one of its leading 
professorships. 

President Gammell of the Rhode Island Historical Society delivered an address 
touching upon the salient points of Mr. Hazard's business and social life. 

Rev. Ezekiel Gilman Robinson, D.D., LL.D., president of Brown University, 
followed with an address upon Mr. Hazard as a philosopher and a metaphysician. 

Abstracts of these addresses are printed in the Providence Evening Bulletin, 
Oct. 31, 1888. 

November 13. — A stated meeting was held this evening, at 8 o'clock, President 
Gammell in the chair. 

William E. Foster, A.M., librarian of Providence Public Library, read a paper 
on " The Rhode Island Charter of 1603." The substance of this paper is printed 
in the Providence Daily Journal, Nov. 11, 1888. 

New Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New Haven, October 15, 18S8. — At a meeting of the Society held this day, " The 
Records of Mrs. Theophilus Eaton's Trial" were read by the Rev. Newman 
Smyth, D.D. 

November 12. — A paper was read by James R. Gilmore, Esq. ("Edmund 
Kirke"), on " How The Union was Saved in 1788." 

November 26. — The Annual Meeting was held. The Librarian and Curator 
reported the addition during the year of 462 volumes and 225 pamphlets. 

From the Treasurer's report it appears that there was on hand at the beginning 
of the year a balance of §670. 55,. receipts §838.25. The expenses amounted to 
$1507,23, leaving 81.57 in the treasury. 

A letter was read from the Rev. D. W. Havens, of Meriden. announcing his 
intention to bequeath his manuscript History of East Haven to the Society. The 
oner was accepted, and a vote of thanks to Mr. Havens passed. 

The following officers were then elected by ballot : 

President. — Simeon E. Baldwin, A.M. 

Vice-President. — Hon. James E. English, A.M. 

Secretanj. — Thomas R. Trowbridge^ Esq. 

Treasurer. — Charles S. Leete, Esq. 

"Extracts from the Diary of Joel Root, Supercargo of the Sealing Ship 
Huron," were then read by the Secretary. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 

GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

The Editor would inform the Society, that the sketches prepared for 
the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited space 
which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be gath- 



100 Necrology o/ITistoric Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

ered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more ex- 
tended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

William Helton, Esq., a life member and benefactor, admitted to the Society 
March 7, 1859, was born in Salisbury, Mass., Nov. 28, 1813. and died in Boston, 
Dec. 25, 1887. He began life in a bumble way and with meagre advantages for 
early education. He commenced his business life as the keeper of a small 
country store at Frye Village, Andover, Mass. Being in the vicinity of the 
woolen manufactories of that place, and commending himself to those about as 
a young man of superior business capacity, he was employed by the Andover 
manufacturers as a buyer of wool in New Hampshire and Vermont. This occu- 
pation served as a kind of preparatory school to what was to be the chief busi- 
ness of his life. Coming to Boston in 1843, when he was thirty years old, he 
began business anew by dealing in produce and wool, and afterward formed the 
partnership of Hilton & Gore, which continued till 1857, and ceased by the death 
of Mr. Gore. Soon after was formed the firm of William Hilton & Co., which 
has passed through various changes, embracing at different times quite a number 
of names well known in mercantile circles. 

From all these business associations Mr. Hilton retired about a year before 
his death, having been eminently successful and having earned for himself an 
excellent record for sagacity and integrity. He was accustomed, from year 
to year, to spend part of his time in London, in watching the movements of 
business, and purchasing wool for his firm. 

Mr. Hilton's death was very sudden, from heart complaint. He was buried 
from the Old South Church on "Wednesday, Dec. 28th, with simple and impres- 
sive funeral services, a large number of his old business associates and friends 
being in attendance. His wife and a daughter survived. 

By the late Hev. Increase X. Tarbox, D.I)., Historiographer. 

George Warren Harding, Esq., a life member, admitted to the Society 
June 8, 1870, was born in Franklin, Mass., January 4, 1818, and died in Boston, 
July 22, 1887. His father was Lewis Harding, born in Franklin, Mass. His 
mother was Irene Hartshorn, daughter of Mr. Fisher Hartshorn, of Walpole, 
Mass. 

His earliest American ancestor was Abraham 1 Harding of Dedham, and from 
him the paternal line ran through Abraham,* Samuel, 3 Joseph,* Elisha,* Lewis 8 
and George Warren. 7 

It was from this same branch of the Hardings that Rev. Sewall Harding, for- 
merly well known in Boston, was descended, whose son, Rev. John W. Harding, 
the preacher of the late convention sermon in Boston (May, 1887), has now for 
many years been the pastor of the Congregational Church in Longmeadow, Mass. 

Hon Lewis Harding, the father of the subject of this sketch, was a prominent 
man in Massachusetts, living in his earlier and middle life in Franklin, where 
he filled the office of town clerk for eight successive years, and in 1848 repre- 
sented the County of Norfolk in the Massachusetts Senate. 

George W. Harding was united in marriage July 21, 1842, with Miss Harriet 
Mighill Russell, of Brimfield. She was the daughter of Aaron and Persis 
(Haynes) Russell, and was born Jan. 9, 1823. From this marriage there were 
six children, three sons and three daughters, of whom two, a son and a daughter, 
died in early life. 

By the late Hev. Increase If. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer. 

Rev. Albert Barnes, A.B., of Philadelphia, Pa., a corresponding member, 
admitted Feb. 8, 1800, was born at Rome, X. Y., Dec. 1, 1798, and died at Phila- 
delphia, Dec. 24, 1870, aged 72. " In 1819," says Dr. Allibone in his Dictionary 
of Authors, " he entered the senior class of Hamilton College, and graduated in 



1889.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 101 

July, 1820. He had intended devoting himself to the practice of the law, but 
was led by convictions of duty to prepare for the ministry. He pursued his 
theological studies at the Princeton Seminary. He was licensed April 23, 1823, 
at Lawrenceville, N. J., by the Presbytery of Elizabethtowu. After preaching 
in various places in Connecticut. Massachusetts and New Jersey, he was ordained 
Feb. 8,1825. pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown, N. J., where 
he officiated till 1830, when he received a call from the First Presbyterian Church 
in Philadelphia, over which he was installed June 25, 1830." He continued to 
be the pastor of this church until 1867, when poor health and partial blindness 
caused him to resign. As a writer he is best known by his "Notes" or com- 
mentaries on the books of the New Testament (published at intervals in eleven 
volumes), and on Job, Isaiah and Daniel. More than a million copies of these 
volumes were sold previous to 1872. when a revised edition in six volumes was 
published at New York. Lists of his works will be found in Appleton's Cyclo- 
pedia of American Biography, and Allibone's Dictionary of Authors. He refused 
the degree of D.D. from conscientious motives. 

Francis Alfred Fabens, A.M., of San Francisco, Cal., a corresponding 
member, was the son of Capt. Benjamin and Hannah (Stone) Fabens, and was 
born at Salem, Mass., July 10, 1814. He died, while on a visit, at his son's 
residence in Saucelito, Cal., June 16, 1872, aged 58. He was educated at the 
private school of Samuel H. Archer, and at the Salem High School, which he 
left in 1830 to be fitted for college by Henry K. Oliver. In 1835 he was gradu- 
ated from Harvard College, and from the Law School there in 1838. He then 
practised his profession in Reading, Salem and Boston. In 1840 he represented 
Salem in the Massachusetts Legislature. He was for a while in New York and 
New Orleans, and was sent by the United States Government as commissioner 
to settle the claims resulting from the bombardment of Greytown. In 1854 he 
settled in San Francisco, where he remained till his death, engaged in his pro- 
fession. He was a judge in one of the courts there. 

He married, May 18, 1840, Sarah Field, daughter of Capt. Tobias Davis, of 
Salem. She, with two sons and two daughters, survived him. 

William Frederick Goodwin, A.M., IX. B., and Captain U. S. A., of Concord, 
N.H., a resident member, was born Sept. 22, 1823, at Limington, Me., where 
his parents, whose permanent home was in Buxton, were temporarily residing. 
He died at Concord, N. H., March 12, 1872, aged 48. He was grad. at Bowdoin 
College in 1848, and " after graduation employed himself for some time in teach- 
ing in Choctaw County, Miss., and n high schools in Machias, Me., Concord, 
N. H., and New Bedford, Mass., meanwhile reading law." In 1853 he entered 
Harvard Law School, and was graduated in 1854 with the degree of LL.B. He 
began the practice of his profession at Concord, and in 1860 was admitted to 
practice in the Supreme Court of the United States. He removed to La Crosse, 
Wis., designing to pursue his profession there. At the outbreak of the war he 
returned to New Hampshire and offered his services to the country. On the 14th 
of May, 1861, he was appointed first lieutenant in the regular army. He was 
wounded at the battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 1863, and for his gallant conduct 
was at that date brevetted captain in the volunteer force. He was commissioned 
captain in the regular army, May 14, 1864. and on account of inability, caused by 
his wound, was placed on the retired list Feb. 11, 1865. " After his retirement 
he was disbursing officer in Rhode Island in 1865, and was afterwards on duty 
in Ohio and in the department of the Potomac." He devoted much time to 
historical and antiquarian researches. He was a frequent contributor to the 
Historical Magazine, edited and published by his friend Henry B. Dawson, Esq., 
of Morrisania, N. Y., and edited for him the number for October, 1868. He was 
also a contributor to the Register and other periodicals. He was the author of 
a "History of the Constitution of New Hampshire of 1776, 1784 and 1792," and 
editor of the " Records of the Proprietors of Narraganset Township No. 1, now 
the town of Buxton, Me.," 8vo. Concord, 1871. He had in preparation a 
biography of Gen. Alexander Scammeil. He was a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, and held the office of recording secretary from 1859 to . 
1862, and librarian from 1860 to 1867. He was also a corresponding member of 
the Maine Historical Society. 



102 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Josiah Drake, Esq., of Cincinnati, Ohio, a resident member, admitted May 
19, 1881, was born at Pittstield, N. H., March 13, 1804, and died at his residence, 
Arondale, Cincinnati. Dec. 24, 1887, aged 83. He was the youngest brother of 
Samuel G. Drake. A.M., one of the founders of this Society. He was a son of 
Simeon and Love Muchamore (Tuck) Drake, and a descendant in the 7th genera- 
tion from Robert 1 Drake, who came from Colchester, Essex, England (see 
Register, xxr. 316), through Abraham, 2 Abraham, 3 Abraham, 4 Simon* and 
Simeon* Drake. 

After teaching school near his native place a short time he came to Boston, 
and was employed in the bookstore of his brother Samuel. In a few years he 
went to New York city and became a partner in the firm of Peaslee, Cowperth- 
waite & Co. In 1*30 that firm held the first Trade Book Sale in New York city. 
Such sales had previously been held in Philadelphia by M. Thomas. In 1831, he 
removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, and went into the book, paper and publishing 
business with Phillips and Speere, having a store on Main Street, and a paper 
mill on the river, below South Street. Phillips and Speere afterwards withdrew 
from the firm, and Mr. Drake carried on the business alone until 1845. His store 
was one of the largest of the kind in the West, and was the rendezvous not only 
of the local literati, but of other literary men from all parts of the country who 
visited that city. 

When the gold fever was spread all over the land by the reports brought home 
from California in the winter of 1848, Mr. Drake became one of its earliest 
victims. He joined the thousands who were preparing to start overland, in the 
early spring, and in April. 1840, began his long march to the Pacific from Fort 
Smith, Ark., by what was then known as the Sauta Fe route, which was but 
imperfectly known, and little travelled beyond the Rio Grande. But what the 
emigrants lacked in knowledge they made up for in enthusiasm. It was enough 
for them to know that General Kearney and Colonel Cooke had passed this way 
in 1846 to the conquest of California. And what man has done man may do, was 
the favorite maxim of that day. After a six months' journey Mr. Drake reached 
Los Angeles in November, and San Francisco in December. He was thus one 
of the California Pioneers. 

He continued to be a resident of San Francisco for rather more than teu years, 
in the course of which he passed through all the exciting conditions by which 
society at length emerged from anarchy into settled order. He was identified 
with the Vigilance Committee of 1851, and again with that of 1856, when his 
friend and partner Andrew Randall, of Cincinnati, fell a victim to the bullet of 
an assassin. 

Mr. Drake carried on a general merchandise business at the corner of Jackson 
and Battery Streets, but was also much engaged in real estate speculations. 
Few men had a better knowledge of land titles in San Francisco than he. 

After Ms return to Ohio Mr. Drake, with his usual sagacity, made some in- 
vestments in lands in the promising little city of Omaha, which proved fortunate 
beyond his expectations. 

He married April 24, 1833, Catharine, daughter of Matthias Kugler, by whom 
he had two sons, Matt K. and Dr. Josiah T. Drake, and three daughters, Eliza- 
beth Love, wife of Dr. Philip B. Gatch, Ada Pauline, and Emma Amelia widow 
of William H. Gibbs ; all of whom are living. His wife died several years be- 
fore he did. All who had the pleasure of his acquaintance will remember his 
courteous manners. He retained his faculties till his death. He left a large 
estate, a portion of which he distributed among his children on his birth day, 
March 13, 1887. 

Oliver Brastow Dorrance, Esq. {James, 3 Samuel, 2 James 1 ), a resident member, 
admitted March 16, 1860, was a native of Kennebunk, York County, in that part of 
Massachusetts then known as the Province of Maine, where he was born January 
22, 1804. He was the eldest child of Dr. James Dorrance, who was born in Sterling, 
Windham County, Connecticut, January 4, 1771, and his wife Nancy Brastow (Beriah,* 
Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ), born in Medfield, Massachusetts, July 24, 1780, married June 13, 
1802, and died in September, 1826. Dr. Dorrance married (2) Mary (Fisher) Wal- 
lingford, daughter of Dr. Jacob Fisher and widow of George W. Wailin^ford, both of 
Kennebunk. Dr. James Dorrance died January 25, 1861. His four children, all by 
the first wife were, viz.: 1. Oliver, the subject of this notice. 2. Sarah Ann, born 
April 25, 1806, died June 2, 1837. 3. Lucretia Wheelock, bom February 4, 1811, 



1889.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 103 

married, Aug. 11, 1874, Rev. Edmund Garland, of Granville, Ohio, where she died 
November 28, 1882. Mr. Garland died April 3, 1886. 4. Lemuel Kollock ,born March 
16, 1817. 

The Dorrance family in America derive issue from the Presbyterian Scotch stock, 
settled in the extreme north of Ireland, where James Dorrance was born in 1702. About 
1720, he emigrated to America and cast in his lot with a settlement of his countrymen 
and co-religionists at Voluntown, Windham County, in the Colony of Connecticut. 
Over these people, his kinsman, Rev. Samuel Dorrance, was pastor. Of this family, 
five have graduated at Brown, one at Dartmouth, one at Williams and one at Princeton. 
Oliver B. Dorrance enjoyed the common educational privileges of the district school, 
till he was fifteen years of age, when he commenced to fit for college. His prepara- 
tory course was finished at the Gorham (Me.) Academy, where an aged lady yet 
remembers young Dorrance and his studying the same lessons with the late Mark H. 
Newman, the Andover and New York bookseller. This was probably in 1820, as 
Mr. Dorrance's family still possess a text book, inscribed with his name and " Gorham 
Academy 1820." Mr. Dorrance matriculated at Bowdoin College, in 1821, but sickness 
intervened and he never joined the class. On the re- establishment of his health, the 
young man selected a mercantile life, upon which he entered in the city of Portland, 
serving his noviciate with Geo. W. Smith, English and Dry Goods, on Middle St., 
near Pish Lane, now Exchange St. Mr. Dorrance succeeded to the business, Mr. 
Smith retiring. The fortunes of the firm were strengthened by Mr. Brooks, and 
ultimately by Mr. Ross, Mr Brooks dying. Retiring from this firm, Mr. Dor- 
rance came to Boston, about 1814, becoming a member of the firm of Richardson, 
Burrage & Co., Milk St., and Dorrance, Newton & Eaton, Pearl St. He was also 
Land Agent for the Norfolk County Railroad, and a director in the manufacturing 
companies at Lewiston, Me. Mr. Dorrance early perceived the industrial value of 
the falls on the Androscoggin river, at Lewiston, and in vain sought to develop the 
same as a Portland enterprise. On removal to Boston, he urged his views and plans 
upon the attention of merchants in this city, until he saw them adopted. As an 
efficient promoter of the manufacturing interests, centred at Lewiston and Auburn, 
Mr. Dorrance was the earliest ; he unquestionably devoted more time and attention 
thereto than any other person in the primary stages. With him, it was the hope of 
years, which, in light of the splendid reality of to-day, seems to have been very tardy 
in development. 

Mr. Dorrance married, September 10, 1832, Jane M. Cutter, daughter of Hon. Levi 
Cutter, Mayor of Portland, where they chieflj- resided till Mrs. Dorrance's death. 
After that event, Mr. Dorrance became a citizen of Boston, marrying, August 20, 
1850, for a second wife, Sarah Greely, daughter of Philip Greely, Esq., of Portland, 
and sister of Philip Greely, Jr.. collector of the Port of Boston, who survives him. 
By his first marriage he had no children, but by his second he had two daughters, 
viz.: 1. Sarah Ann Dorrance, born June 22, 1852; married June 17, 1879, John B. 
Baker of New York City. 2. Mary Oliver Dorrance. born November 3, 1856. 

Mr. Dorrance cultivated a generous public spirit and, throughout his early life, was 
an earnest supporter of the doctrines, measures and candidates of the Whig party. 
As such, he served in the Common Council of Portland (1835, 36, 37), in the legis- 
lature of Maine (1811), and in the Portland Custom-house (1843), under Nathan 
Cummings, Collector of the port. In Boston, Mr. Dorrance was a member of the 
Common Council in 18-51, and for 12 years (1861-72) the U. S. General Appraiser at 
this port. Soon after leaving the Boston Custom-house he died, in Boston, October 
23, 1873. In the early movements of the abolitionists, his influence was sought to 
strengthen that faction in Maine, and printed ballots are still preserved, bearing his 
name as their candidate for the Governorship. 

Mr. Dorrance was a member of the Ancient Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M. 

Rev. Hexry Loxgueville Mansel, D.D., LL.D., of London, Eng., a corres- 
ponding member, admitted August 24, 1859, was bora at Cosgrove, North- 
amptonshire, October 6, 1820. and died in London. July 30, 1871, aged 50. He 
was the eldest son of Rev. Henry Longueville Mansel, rector of Cosgrove, who 
died there in 1835. His mother was Margaret, daughter of Admiral Sir Robert 
Moorson. For his ancestry see Burke's Landed Gentry, ed. of 1853, vol. 1. p. 
828. He was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School, London, and at St. 
John's College, Oxford. He was graduated B.A. in 1843, and was tutor in Logic 
at Oxford 1844 to 1854. In 1855 he was appointed to the Wayneflete readership 



104 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

in Moral and Metaphysical Philosophy in Magdalen College, and in 1859 Wayne- 
flete Professor of the same sciences. In 1867, the late Dean Stanley resigned 
the Regius Professorship of Ecclesiastical History in the University of Oxford, 
and the canoury attached to it in the Christchurch chapter, and Prof. Mansel 
succeeded to both. In 1868, ou the death of Dean Milinan, he succeeded him as 
Dean of St. Paul's, and remained in the position till his death. He was " one of 
the foremost thinkers and most learned writers of the time." He was the author 
of " Limits of Religious Thought," and other works principally on meta- 
physical subjects. 

Samuel Gardner Drake, A.M., an honorary member, and an ex-president of the 
Society, was bom at Pittsfield, N. II ., Oct 11, 1798, and died at Boston, Mass., June 
14, 1875, aged 76. He was one of the rive founders of the Society (see Register, vol. 
ix. pp. 8-12). For a rnernoir and portrait, see Register, vol. xvn. pp. 197-21 1. For 
resolutions on his death by the Society, see Register, vol. xxx. pp. 2-17-8. He was 
president of the Society one year, 18 58 to 1S59, corresponding secretary twelve years, 
18-15-50 and 1851 to 1858, and at his death was a member of the board of directors, 
having held the office over twenty-six years, 1845-50, 1851-59 and 1862-75. After 
April, 1863, when the memoir was printed,, Mr. Drake published many works, namely : 
"The Witchcraft Delusion in New England," being reprints of Mather's "Wonders 
of the Invisible World" and Calef's "Mure Wonders of the Invisible World," with 
introduction and notes, 3 vols. i'cp. 4to., Roxbury, 1866 ; »• Old Indian Chronicle," 2d 
edition, fcp. 4to., Boston, 1867 ; " Annals off Witchcraft in the United States," fcp. 4to., 
Boston, 1869; " History of the French and Indian War," fcp. 4to.,. Boston, 1870; 
" Early History of Georgia," sm. 4to., Boston, 1872 ; " Early History of New England," 
being a reprint of Increase Mather's "Kelation," with an introduction, notes and 
appendix, fcp. 4to., Boston, 1864. He also edited Hubbard's "Indian Wars," 2 vols., 
fcp. 4to., Roxbury, 1865 ; and Baylies's ■ History of New Plymouth," 2 vols., 8vo., 
Boston, 1866, to which he added Part 5. 

"Wixslow Lewis, A.M., M.D., a life member and ex-president of the Society, was 
born at Boston, July 8, 1799, and died at Grantville, Mass., Aug. 3, 1875. He was 
admitted to the Society Nov. 8, 1857. For resolutions by the Society on his death, \ 

see Register, vol. xxx. pp. 247-8. For a memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 
xvn. pp. 1-13. At the time the memoir was printed, Dr. Lewis was president of the 
Society. He held the office three years longer till January, 1866, when he declined a 
reelection and was succeeded by Gov. Andrew. His full term of service was five 
years, 1861-6. He was a member of the board of directors over fourteen years, from 
January, 1861, till his death. 

A " Memorial Tribute to Ii. W. Winslow Lewis, Past Grand Master," is printed in 
the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, September, 1875. It fills 262 
pages (pp. 116-368) of the Proceedings. In this article are printed the resolutions 
of the New England Historic Genealogical Society on the death of Dr. Lewis and the 
remarks on these resolutions by the president, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, LL.D., and 
by other members, namely, Sereno D. NSekerson, Abraham A. Dame, Hon. Charles 
Levi Woodbury, Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Frederic Kidder, William B.Trask, Howland 
Holmes, M.D., and William II. Montague. 

Hexry Boxd, M.D., of Philadelphia, Pa., was a corresponding member, admitted 
April 12, 1845, and also a benefactor. He was born at Watertown, Mass., March 21, 
1790, and died at Philadelphia, May 4, 185^, aged 69. For ajnemoir and portrait, see 
Register, vol. 14, pp. 1-3. 

Dr. Bond bequeathed to the Society a large quantity of historical and genealogical 
manuscripts used by him in preparing his Genealogies and History of Watertown, and 
also all the copies of that book remaining in his possession and in sheets at the time 
of his death. The books have been sold and the money received has been invested 
as the Bond Fund, the income of which is wsed by the Society. 

Col. James Warrex Sever, A.M., of Boston, Mass*, a life member, admitted to the 
Society May 17, 1869, and a liberal benefaetor, was born at Kingston, Mass., July 1, 
1797, and died at Boston, January 16, 1871, aged 73. For a memoir, see Register, 
toI. 26, pp. 316-17. 

Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.D., of Boston, Mass., life member, was admitted 
to the Society June 20, 1863. President, 1866-67. He wa3 born at Windham, Me., 
May 31, 1818, died at Boston, Oct. 30, 18SI, aged 49. For a memoir and portrait, see 
Kegister, vol. 23, pp. 1-12. " i 



1889.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 105 

Hon. N.vthax Appletox, LL.D., of Boston, Mass., a resident member, was ad- 
mitted to the Society January 9, 1847. He was born at New Ipswich, N. II., Oct. 6, 
1779, died at Boston, Mass., July 14, 1861, aged 81. For memoir and portrait, see 
Register, vol. 16, pp. 1-12. 

Samuel Appletox, Esq., of Boston, Mass., an honorary member, admitted August 
18, 1845, was born at New Ipswich, N. H., June 22, 1766, and died at Boston, Mass., 
July 12, 1853, aged 87. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 8, pp. 9-17. 

Hon. Samuel Daxa Bell, LL.D., of Manchester, X. H., a life member, was admitted 
to the Society May 8, 1847. Vice-President, 1859-1S68. He was born at Frances- 
town, N. B., Oct. 9, 1798, and died at Manchester, July 31, 1S68, aged 69. For 
memoir and portrait, see Register, vol 23, pp. 249-53. 

Joxatfiax Browx Bright, Esq., of Waltham, Mass., a life member, admitted to the 
Society Dec. 11, 1850, and also a benefactor, was born at Waltham, April 23, 1800,. 
and died at Waltham, Dec. 17, 1879, aged 79. For memoir and portrait, see 
Register, vol. 35, pp. 117-21. 

Hon. William Craxch, LL.D., of Washington, D.C., an honorary member, admitted 
March 15, 1847, was born at Weymouth, Mass., July 17, 1769, and died at Washing- 
ton, Sept. 1, 1855, aged 86. For memoir, see Register, vol. 1, pp. 77-80. 

Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston, Mass., a life member, was admitted to the Society 
Nov. 5, 1869. He was historiographer, 1875-80. He was born at Newburyport, 
Mass.,. May 12, 1S05, and died at Boston, July 17, 1880, aged 75. For memoir and 
portrait, see Register, vol. 35, pp. 213-18. m 

Hon. Mark Doolittle, of Belchertown, Mass., a corresponding member, admitted 
January 1, 1848, was born in that part of Westfield, Mass., now called Russell, Dec. 
5, 1780, and died at Belchertown, Nov. 7, 1855, aged 74. For memoir and portrait, 
see Register, vol. 6, p. 217 and pp. 295-6. 

Rev. Joseph B. Felt, LL.D., of Salem, Mass., an honorary member, was admitted 
to the Society April 15, 1845. President, 1850-53. He was born at Salem, Dec. 22, 
1789, and died in that city, Sept. 9, 1869, aged 79. For memoir and portrait, see 
Register, vol. 24, pp. 1-5. 

Hon. Calvix Fletcher, of Indianapolis, Ind., a life member, admitted to the Society 
Dec. 27, 1860, was born at Ludlow, Yt., Feb. 4, 1798, and died at Indianapolis, May 
26, 1866, aged 68. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 23, pp. 377-91. 

William Bextlet Fowle, Esq., of Medfield, Mass., a resident member, admitted 
July 8, 1863, was born at Boston, Mass., Oct. 17, 1795, and died at Medfield, Feb. 6, 
1865, aged 69. - For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 23, pp. 109-17. 

M. Fraxcois Pierre Guillaume Guizot, LL.D., of Val Richer in Normandy, 
France, an honorary member, admitted Oct. 6, 1864, was born at Nismes, France, 
Oct. 4, 1787, and died at Val Richer, Sept. 13, 1874, aged nearly 87. For memoir and 
portrait, see Register, vol. 29, pp. 129-137. 

William Thaddeus Harris, A.M., of Cambridge, Mass., a resident member, ad- 
mitted August 30, 1845, was born at Milton, Mass., January 26, 1826, and died at 
Cambridge, Oct. 19, 1854, aged 28. He edited the Register for April, July and 
October, 1849. For memoir, see Register, vol. 9, pp. 99-101. 

Johx Howlaxd, Esq., of Providence, R. I., a corresponding member, admitted Sept. 
5, 1845, was born at Newport, R. I., Oct. 31. 1757, and died at Providence, Nov. 5, 
1854, aged 97. Mr. Howland was born at an earlier date than any other member of 
the Society. An obituary is printed in the Register, vol. 9, page 101. 




VOL. XLIII. 



106 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

lion. Xahum Mitchell, A.M., of Bridgewater, Mass., a corresponding member, 
admitted May 7, 18 to, was born at Bridgewater, Feb. 12, 17G9, and died at Plymouth, 
Mass., August 1, 1 S o 3 , a?ed 84. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 18, pp. 
221-4, and vol. 1, pp. 282-3. 

Hon. John Alfred Poor, A.M., of Portland, Maine, a resident member, admitted 
June 5, 1871, was born at Andover, Me., Jan. 8, 1808, and died at Portland, Sept. 5, 
1871, aged 63. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol 26, pp. 3-57-75. 

William Hickling Prescott, LL.D., D.C.L., of Boston, Mass., an honorary mem- 
ber, admitted Feb. 10, 1817, was born at Boston, May 4, 1796, and died at Boston, 
January 28, 1859, aged 62. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 22, pp. 
225-32. 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, Esq., of Boston, Mass., a resident member, admitted 
Nov. 27, 1847, was born at Boston, April 23, 1802, and died at Boston, Nov. 17, 1870, 
aged 68. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 26, pp. 1-3. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, A.M., of "West Roxbury, Mass., a resident member, 
admitted Dec. 19, 1850, was born at Boston, Mass.. June 25, 1786, and died at West 
Roxbury, June 2, 1867, aged nearly 81. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 
25, pp. 209-20. 

Lemuel Shattuck, Esq., of Boston, Mass., a resident member, was born at Ashby, 
Mass., Oct. 15, 1793, and died at Boston Jan. 17, 1859. He was one of the five 
founders of the Society, and held the office of vice-president from 1845 to 1850. 
For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 14, pp. 97-9. 

Thomas Sherwtn, A.M., of Dedham, Mass., a resident member, admitted Feb. 5, 
1868, was born at Westmoreland, X. H., March 26, 1799, and died at Dedham, July 
23, 1870, aged 71. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 24, pp. 249-53. 

Hon. David Lowry Swain, LL.D., of Chapel Hill, X. C, a corresponding member, 
admitted July 20, 1860, was born in Buncombe county, X. C, January 4, 1801, and 
died at Chapel HilL Sept. 3, 1868, aged 67. For memoir and portrait, see Register, 
vol. 24, pp. 349-53. 

Rev. John Adams Vinton, A.M., of Winchester, Mass., a life member, admitted to 
the Society Feb. 2, 1863, and also a benefactor, was born at Boston, Feb. 5, 1801, and 
died at Winchester, Xov. 3, 1877, aged 77. For memoir and portrait, see Register, 
vol.34, pp. 127-31. Rev. Mr Vinton bequeathed to the Society the copies of his 
Giles and Vinton Memorials remaining unsold, and his genealogical manuscripts. 

Luther Wait, Esq., of Ipswich, Mass., a corresponding member, admitted June 1, 
1847, was born at Ipswich, Feb. 14, 1814, and died at Ipswich, Oct. 20, 1847, aged 33. 
For a memoir, see Register, vol. 2, pp. 210-11. 

John Collins Warren, M.D., of Boston, Mass., an honorary member, admitted 
March 28, 1855, was born at Boston, Aug. 1, 1778, and died at Boston, May 4, 1856, 
aged 77. For memoir and portrait, see Register, voL 19, pp. 1-12. 

Hon. Daniel Webster, LL.D., of Marshfield, Mass., an honorary member, admitted 
March 31, 1S47, was born at Salisbury, X. H., January 18, 1782, and died at Marsh- 
field, Oct. 24, 1852, aged 70. For memoir and portrait, see Register, vol. 21, pp. 1—12. 

Hon. Samuel Sumner Wllde, LL.D., of Boston, Mass., an honorary member, 
admitted January 18, 1847, was born at Taunton, Mass., Feb. 5, 1771, and died at 
Boston, June 22, 1855, aged 84. For a memoir, see Register, vol. 1, pp. 86-7. 

Hon. William D urkee Williamson, LL.D ., of Bangor, Me., a corresponding member, 
admitted Sept. 1, 1845, was born at Canterbury, Ct., July 31, 1779, and died at Bangor, 
May 27, 1846, aged 66. This was the first death among the members of the Society. 
For a memoir, see Register, vol. 1, pp. 90-1. 

Hon. Levi Woodbury, LL J)., of Portsmouth, X. H., an honorary member, admitted 
Sept. 4, 1847, was born at Francestown, X. H., Xov. 2, 1789, and died at Portsmouth, 
Sept. 3, 1851, aged 61. For a memoir, see Register, vol. 1, pp. 84-6. 



1889.] Book Notices. 107 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



Bibliographical Notes on Witchcraft in Massachusetts. By George H. Moore, LL.D., 
Superintendent of the Lenox Library. Read before the American Antiquarian 
Society, April 25, 1888. Worcester: Printed for the Author. 188S. 8vo. pp. 32. 
Here are described, with preciseness, care and evident impartiality, the documents, 
tracts and pamphlets which form in great part the literature of that calamitous period 
known as the Witchcraft delusion. The author describes these books as "among 
the rarest of the rare Americana," "the least valuable of them readily commanding a 
great price;" and he doubts whether any single library, even in Massachusetts, con- 
tains a complete set. The most notable of the works mentioned is, of course, Cotton 
Mather's " Wonders of the Invisible World," the character and publication of which 
is given at considerable length. 

High praise is also bestowed upon the "More Wonders of the Invisible World," of 
Robert Calef, and the timely suggestion is made that this work be republished by the 
time of the second centennial of the terrible proceedings it aims to denounce. 

Mr. Moore's words in condemnation of the delusion itself and of the part taken in it 
by some of the most learned men of the time are bold, outspoken and worthy of the 
highest commendation of the unprejudiced and impartial reader. Why such men of 
learning, ability and undisputed eminence in other matters as Stoughton, the Mathers 
and Sewall in this country, and Richard Baxter and Sir Matthew Hale in England, 
should have openly encouraged so gross a superstition, and in cold blood taken away 
the lives of innocent, virtuous and Christian people on evidence that would, at this 
time, have scarcely satisfied a backwoods court on the frontiers of civilization, passes 
comprehension. These men were looked up to by the common people as their guides, 
instructors, models and exemplars in matters of morality, religion and justice ; and it 
seems to be a lame and impotent defence for them to claim that a belief in witchcraft 
was very widely spread in all ranks of the people, and that they, as leaders of public 
opinion, were actuated solely by the spirit of the age. They should have led, not 
followed, the popular judgment. What would be said if our eminent judges and 
moral teachers should give the weight of their learning and universally conceded 
abilities in support of the popular delusions, superstitions and crazes which at times 
sweep over communities even in this enlightened age? 

Shakspeare, who was probably regarded by the Puritans as a strolling player and 
a vagabond, says, referring to the witches in his grand tragedy of Macbeth, 
"And be these juggling fiends no more believed 
That palter with us in a double sense ; 
That keep the word of promise to our ear 
And break it to our hope." 

These lines were written nearly a century before the legal murders of the witchcraft 
victims. Well would it have been for the good name of the Puritan community of 
the time of William and Mary if "these juggling hends" had not been believed in 
New England, for then twenty poor, innocent, helpless, and in some cases, aged men 
and women would not have been cruelly and ignominiously sent to an untimely grave 
by a body of learned men who ought to have known better. 

If these things had happened in the fourteenth century or earlier, there might have 
been some excuse for the perpetrators, for then they might have pleaded ignorance. 
But they occurred two centuries after the invention of printing had diffused learning, 
intelligence and science broadcast over the civilized World. This it is that makes 
these semi- barbarous events a blot on the fair escutcheon of our early history. 

One man alone of all the abettors in these misguided acts seems to have afterwards 
expressed a proper sense of humiliation, shame and sincere penitence for the part he 
took in them ; and so long as a sense of justice shall survive, posterity, for this act 
alone, will read with honor and esteem the name of Samuel Sewall. 

By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of SoiUh Boston. 



108 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

The Congregational Year- Book, 18S8. Boston: Congregational Publishing Society. 

1888. 8vo. pp. 404. Price 75 cts. postage paid. 

The work before us is the most full and satisfactory of any denominational year- 
book with which we are acquainted. It is issued by the direction and authority of 
the National Council of the Congregational Churches of the United States, and com- 
prises the general statistics of those churches for 18S7 and " an alphabetical list of 
the Congregational ministers and of the officers and students of Congregational 
Theological Seminaries ; the annual record of changes ; the vital statistics of Congre- 
gational ministers deceased in 1S87 ; statements of the national cooperative societies ; 
the national and state organizations of churches ; and other miscellaneous informa- 
tion." The editor of the Year- Book is the Rev. Henry A. Hazen of Auburndale, 
Mass., who has performed his work in a thorough and trustworthy manner. We 
hope that other religious denominations will follow the example of the Congrega- 
tionalists and print full and reliable details relative to their churches and ministers. 

Alumni Oxonienses ; the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886; their Paren- 
tage, Birthplace, and Year of Birth, with a Record of their Degrees, being the Matricu- 
lation Register of the University, alphabetically arranged, revised and annotated. By 
Joseph Foster. Vol. III. London: Joseph Foster, 21 Boundary Road X. W. 
1888. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 438. To be completed in 4 volumes. Price £6. 6s. Od. 
for the set. "When sent by post Is. 6d. a volume will be added. 
Mr. Foster has done a good service to antiquaries, genealogists and biographers 
in editing and printing these matriculation registers of the University of Oxford. 
" Those," he justly remarks in his interesting preface, " who have ever been engaged 
in historical or biographical research ; those who have endeavored to trace their de- 
scent, and to rescue their ancestry from oblivion; those who have laboriously estab- 
lished their claims to titles or estates ; all have had occasion to lament the fact that 
although there exist in scattered quarters masses of record information, absolutely 
priceless for their purpose, they have remained buried in manuscript, difficult of access, 
troublesome to consult, and, in short, practically useless. First in importance among 
these records are the registers of our two great Universities, of the Inns of Court, and 
of our Public Schools. From them proceeded the scholars, the divines, the lawyers 
and the statesmen of England." 

The value of the matriculation registers of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge 
is too well known to our readers to require any commendation from us. Our anti- 
quaries and genealogists have found them invaluable in tracing the history of many 
of the leaders in the colonization of this country. Not a few natives of America have 
been educated in English universities, and important facts concerning them are pre- 
served in their registers. All will be glad to see these registers in print. 

The entries in the Oxford registers, here printed, have been arranged alphabetically, 
a work that has entailed a vast amount of labor, and one that is a great convenience 
to those who use the books. The registers were copied and arranged to the year 1869, 
by the late Col. Chester (see Register, vol. 38, pp. 8 and 18). Mr. Foster has com- 
pleted them to the year 1886. He has also very thoroughly annotated the whole with 
information concerning the individuals derived from many sources. 

The volumes are printed and bound in the handsome style that their contents 
deserve. 

An Address on the Occasion of the 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Neio Haven, 
April 25, 1888. Delivered in the Centre Church, before the Congregational Club, April 
23. By William L. Kingsley. New Haven: 1S88. 8vo. pp. 66. 
" The Historic Forces which gave rise to Puritanism " is the title which Mr. 
Kingsley gives to this address, delivered in New Haven in April last, the 2o0th anni- 
versary of the settlement of that place. The subject of the address corresponds to the 
title and was of course peculiarly pertinent to the occasion. The New Haven colo- 
nists were, if any may be so classed, pre-eminently puritans. They were not more 
rigid in their tenet3 of belief or more vigorous in enforcing their political and ecclesi- 
astical policies than others, but they sought to found their colony on Bible warrant 
alone. As the orator of the anniversary pointed out. " It was their plan to establish 
a state on Christian principles, beyond the reach of English authority, and without 
reference of any kind, express or implied, to the government of the King or to any 
of the institutions of their native land." 

Among the chief of the historic forces enumerated is the translation into English, 
and the general circulation, of the Bible. In consequence, the orator says, they who 



1889.] Booh Notices. 109 

in due time became known as puritans " no longer resigned all the great issues oflife 
and death to the priesthood. Each man realized that he sustained a personal relation 
to God. The Bible prescribed the rule of conduct he was to follow. The Kingdom 
of God had been set up on earth, and he was to be. in every relation of life, loyal to 
its interests, and thus prepare himself for the service of God in heaven. This was 
puritanism." 

The orator reverts to the condition of things in England 2o0 years before the set- 
tlement of New Haven, and finds in the events of the intervening period those experi- 
ences which moulded out of the rough and coarse material of the English people of 
the 14th and loth centuries that high type of manhood which the puritan is now 
generally acknowledged to have represented. 

The address is a treatise in miniature upon the rise of puritanism. The point of 
view throughout is that of the historian. With excellent literary skill the limitations 
of the hour were made to suffice for arraying a sufficiency of well chosen facts for a 
proper perspective, and thus the reader of these pages is given a picture of that long 
period which reached its consummation in the settlement of New England. 

By Daniel W. Baker, Esq., of Boston. 

Fort Snelling, Minnesota., while in command of Col. Josiah Snelling, Fifth 
Infantry. By Rev. Edward D. Neill, D.D. *18S8. 4to. pamphlet. Pp.20. 
This reprint from the columns of the Magazine of Western History is, we 
hope, the initial of a series of desired papers on the early history of various 
locations in our once western frontier, now the site of populous, enterprising 
and important cities. In the hrst eight pages, Dr. Neill has given a pleasant 
narrative of events preceding the establishment of a military fort at the junction 
of the Minnesota and St. Peter's rivers, dealings with the Indians, the creation 
of Indian Agencies and current events up to the arrival of Col. Snelling. Un- 
der this efficient officer, the first saw-mill was erected, the tirst flour ground and 
the first steamboat introduced to these northern waters. Dr. Neill has added to 
the historical value of his paper by numerous and copious foot notes, biographic- 
al and genealogical, concerning various officers, visitors. &c. identified with 
the Fort. To have saved so much from the maw of the cormorant. Time, is great 
credit. The paper closes at the death of Col. Snelling, which was, practically, 
simultaneous with the relief of the Fifth Infantry. A single subsequent page 
briefly alludes to the careers of Col. Sueiling's four sons, one of whom, William 
Joseph Snelling, the author, is well remembered in Boston, where he spent the 
most of the latter years of his life. Col. Snelling was born in Boston in 1782, 
and entered the army in 1808 as Lieutenant of the 4th Infantry, of which he be- 
came Captain in 1809 ; for services at Tippecanoe and Brownstown was promoted 
Major in 1814 ; was Lieut. Colonel of the 4th Regt. Rifles and Colonel of the 5th 
Infantry in 1819. He died at Washington, in 1828. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somen- Me, Mass. 

History of Weare, New Hampshire, 1735-1888. By William Little. Pub- 
lished by the Town. Lowell. Mass. : Printed by S. W. Huse & Co. 1888. 
8vo. pp. x. -4- 1064. Price, cloth by express $4, by mail 84.50; sheep by ex- 
press 84.50, by mail 85. Address, Town Clerk, Weare, N. H. 
A considerable number of New Hampshire towns have shown a just appreci- 
ation of their past, and have preserved its record in exhaustive and well-written 
town histories published at the public expense, but few of them have equalled 
this elaborate History of Weare of more than a thousand pages. The tirst 
chapter is devoted to the •• Topography and Names," and is a sample of the 
thoroughness with which the book was prepared. Everything is treated in de- 
tail, — flora, early settlers, religious societies, town and church controversies, 
Shaker settlement, military affairs, local literature, singing schools, grist-mills, 
&c. In fact it is one of the most satisfactory and complete town histories we 
have yet seen, and the people of Weare, and all in any way interested iu the 
town or connected with it, may well be proud of this volume. 

The genealogies fill more than three hundred pages, and are a most important 
feature of the work. The preservation of the records of births, marriages and 
deaths, especially those of past ireueratious. is in our judgment a most essential 
characteristic of a good town history. 

The book is well printed and indexed, and illustrated with portraits and other 
engravings. The author and the citizens of Weare have done themselves great 
credit, aud set an example which we trust other towns will follow. 
By George Kvhti Clarke, LL.B., of Xeedham, Mass. 
VOL. XLII.I 11 



110 Book Notices, [Jan. 

A Memorial Volume. The Record of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths, and Admissions to 
the Church and Dismissals therefrom, transcribed from the Church Records of the Town 
of Dedham, Massachusetts, 1638-1845. Also all the Epitaphs in the ancient burial place 
in Dedham, together xcith the other inscriptions before 1S45 in the three parish cemeteries. 
Edited by Don Gleason Hill, Town Clerk. Published by the town, 1888. Ded- 
ham: Printed at the office of the Dedham Transcript. 8vo. pp. xn.-{-347. Price 
$2.25. 

The Town of Dedham did itself great credit two years since in the publication of 
its town records of births, marriages and deaths, and it has again made a most 
important and welcome addition to genealogical and historical literature. The First 
Book of the records of the First Church in Dedham has been printed entire, and this 
in itself is a very valuable and complete ecclesiastical history of the early years of an 
ancient and typical Xew England parish. 

The records of admissions, dismissals, baptisms, marriages and deaths, prior to 1845, 
of four religious societies are included, the whole having been copied verbatim from 
the original by Miss Sarah B. Baker, and most carefully edited by Don Gleason Hill, 
Esq., a thorough antiquarian, and an expert in such matters. The First Church dates 
from 1638, the South Parish from 1736, the Episcopal from 1769. and the First Congre- 
gational from 1818. The inscriptions from the stones in the different graveyards rill 
seventy pages, and constitute a valuable feature of the work. The general plan has 
been to print only those ante-dating 1845, but an exception has been made in the case 
of the First Parish burial-ground, all the inscriptions having been copied for the 
Dedham Historical Society by Rev. Carlos Slafter, A.M., and all appearing in the 
•volume. The epitaphs are many of them quaint, and some uncommon ; others, such as 

** Stop my friend as you pass by, 
As you are now so once was I ; 
As I am now so you must be, 
Prepare for Death & follow me," 

are familiar to >* old mortalities." Everything is indexed in the best manner, and this 
book is a worthy companion and supplement to the Town Records. "Would that more 
ancient towns, whose children are scattered over a continent, possessed Town Clerks 
like Mr. Hill, and citizens who appreciated the priceless records and memorials of the 
past. There are sketches of Hannah Shuttleworth, a generous public benefactor of 
Dedham, whose portrait forms the frontispiece, and to whom the volume is dedicated, 
and of John Allin, the first minister in Dedham, the former notice being by the editor 
and the latter by William F. Allen, A.M., of the University of Wisconsin. We regard 
this book as a model, and feel that it will be of great assistance to the genealogist, and 
of interest to all in any way associated with Dedham, or interested in her history. 
By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

Collections of the Historical Society of South Carolina. Vol. IV. Report of 
the Committee appointed by the General Assembly of South Carolina in 1740, 
on the St. Augustine Expedition under General Oglethorpe. Published by 
the South Carolina Historical Societv. Charleston. S. C. : Walker, Evans & 
Cogswell Co., Printers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 178-}-28-(-354-vii.-f-10-f-o4. 
This volume contains a large amount of valuable historical matter. The first 
178 pages are devoted to the unsuccessful expedition in 1740 of General Ogle- 
thorpe, the founder of Georgia, against St. Augustine, then in Spanish territory. 
There has been much discussion in the past relative to the part taken in this enter- 
prise by the South Carolina troops, and the criticisms have often been unfavorable 
to the reputations of the soldiers. We have in this publication the report of the 
legislative committee, who investigated the facts, and also a mass of other perti- 
nent matter such as correspondence, depositions, extracts from private journals, 
military statistics, &c, the whole collectively presenting the subject of the ex- 
pedition in a thorough and exhaustive manner, and satisfying the reader that the 
South Carolina participants have been unfairly treated* especially by writers 
who desired to apologize for Gen. Oglethorpe's failure. The book also includes 
an excellent address on the Twenty-First Anniversary of the South Carolina 
Historical Society. May 19, 1876, by William J. Rivers, Esq., and another ad- 
dress the following year by J. J. Pringle Smith, Esq. There is an appendix 
containing some apt criticisms and comments upon '-The Life and Letters of 
George Cabot," by Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge; also an interesting memoir of Gen. 
Christopher Gadsden, the revolutionary patriot ; and a valuable paper by Ed- 



1889.] Booh Notices. Ill 

■ward McCrady, Jr., entitled " Education in South Carolina prior to and during 
the Revolution." We regret that limited space will not permit us to do full 
justice to this important volume. Its publication is most creditable to the His- 
torical Society of South Carolina. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., of Xeedham, Mass. 

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Chesh ire for the year 1 885. Volume 

XXXVII. New Series, Volume I. Liverpool: Printed for the Society. 1888. 

8vo. pp. xvi.-|-168. 

The present volume of Transactions has been edited by Richard Duncan Radcliffe, 
M.A., of Liverpool, England, one of the honorary secretaries of the Society. It is full 
of valuable historical and antiquarian matter. J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A., furnishes two 
papers, both showing his usual careful research, one on M The Twenebrokes or Twan- 
brook family, A.D. 1170 to 1831," the other on "Two Lancashire Rolls of Arms temp. 
Edward III. and Henry VIIL," which rolls are here printed with an explanatory 
introduction. Other papers are by Mr. "William E. A. Axon, on " Thomas Lurting, a 
Liverpool Worthy ; " Mr. Charles D. Brown, on "The Ancient Parish of West Kirby ;" 
W. Harry Rylands, F.S.A., on "Booksellers and Stationers in Warrington, 1639 to 
1657, with a full list of the contents of a Stationer's Shop there in 1647 " ; Mr. James 
Bromley, " Extracts from the Commonplace Book of the Rev. Peter Walkden " ; E. 
M. Hance, LL.B., " Extracts from the Parish Records of Upton" ; and George Graze- 
brook, F.S.A., on " Fazacrelegh," being a Latin deed of land in that locality in 1325, 
with a translation — interesting as a specimen of the deeds of that day, the grantor 
and grantee and most of the witnesses not using surnames, and the reigning sovereign, 
Edward II., being named as "King Edward son of King Edward." 

The volume also contains the proceedings of the Society, a list of members, and a 
number of interesting illustrations. It sustains the reputation of its predecessors. 

Ohio: a Poem for the Centennial Celebration, 1888. By Bertha Mo:stu>e 
Rickoff. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1888. Oblong 8vo. 13 leaves. 
In the tasteful volume before us, poetry and art combine to keep alive the 
memory of the pioneer settlers of Ohio, and to trace the progress of that state 
to its present place in history. The poem was read at a banquet of the Ohio 
Society of New York at Delmonico's, April 7, 1888, in commemoration of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the settlement at Marietta. Ohio. Very fine illus- 
trations by E. J. Meeker adorn the volume. 

Nbuvelles JRdcherches sar VOrigine du nom d'Amerique. Par Jules Marcou. 
(Extrait du Bulletin de la Socie'te de Ge'ographie.) Paris: Societe de Geo- 
graphic Boulevard Saint-Germain 184. 1888. Pamphlet, pp. 85. 
The author is the well known gentleman who first published, in 1875, a memoir 
announcing that the name America, as applied to the Western Continent, was 
derived from the Amerique range of mountains, situated between Lake Nicarau- 
gua and the Mosquito coast, where Vespucius and Columbus first touched the 
continent. The present treatise is designed to show how, from the common 
talk of the sailors and the discoverers, it passed into current speech in Europe, 
till it was adopted by the learned, printed in geographical papers, and on charts 
and globes, as an accepted and indisputable term. The author accounts for the 
application of the word to Vespucius as an instance similar to what gave rise to 
"Chinese Gordon," " Congo Stanley," and anciently to " Scipio Africanus." 
Furthermore, he contends that Vespucius's name was Albericus, and that to him 
belongs only the rare honor of having been the first white man to be called an 
American. The fact seems to be incontestable that mountains, under this in- 
digenous name, are situated to the west of the landing of the early navigators ; 
and also, that the mountains are and have been, from long before the discovery, 
inhabited by a race of Indian natives called, from the mountains, the Ame- 
riques. The theory harmonizes with known facts. The author defends it with 
an interesting relation of authorities, circumstances and actions, on which his 
argument is based. 

The earlier treatise of M. Marcou excited the attention of the geographers of 
Europe and America, which will be equally aroused by the present effort, as it 
deserves not only the careful reading, but the profound study of those qualilied 
to accept or reject its conclusions. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 






21B 



112 Booh Notices. [J; 



in. 



Exercises at the One Hundred and Twenty - Fifth Anniversary of Dummer Academy, at 

Neicbury, Byjield Parish, June 10, 1888. Address by Hon. William Dimmlr 

Noivihend. Salem: Printed at the Salem Press. 18X8. 8vo. pp. 61. 

The commemoration of the l2oth anniversary of Dummer Academy was held last 

summer under the auspices of the Society of the Sons of Dummer. The historical 

address of the Hon. William D. Xorthend gives a carefully prepared and interesting 

history of the Dummer family, and of the academy founded by one of its members, 

Hon. William Dummer, lieutenant governor of the Province of Massachusetts. Besides 

the address, appropriate speeches aud poems by other persons are printed in this 

volume. 

Narrative of a Jbwrney down the Ohio and JIfssissippi in 1789-90. By Maj. 

Samuel S. Fokmax. With a Memoir and Illustrative Notes by Lyman C. 

Draper. Cincinnati: Kobert Clarke & Co. 1888. l2mo. pp. 67. Price — 

This book gives an interesting description of travel on the frontier in the 
■early days of the Republic. 

General David Forman of New Jersey in 17S9 entered into a negotiation with 
the Spanish Minister Don Dieago l)e Gardaque, for his brother Ezekiel Forman 
of Philadelphia, to emigrate with his family, and about sixty colored people, 
men, women and children, and settle in the Natchez country, then under Spanish 
authority. Major Samuel S. Forman accompanied the party, and in this narra- 
tive gives a minute account of the trip, the places they passed through aud at 
which they stopped, prominent people they met, and many other curious par- 
ticulars. 

The editor, the well known Dr. Draper, of Madison, Wisconsin, has laid us 
nnder a new obligation by editing this valuable manuscript in so thorough a 
manner and laying it before the public. His annotations add greatly to the 
value of the work. 

By the Bev. Daniel BoUiris, of Baltimore, 3fd. 

TJie Index Library ; a Series of Indexes and Calendars to British Records. Edited 
by W. P. W. PniLLiMORE, M.A., LL.B., Queen's College, Oxford. London; 
Charles J. Clark, 4 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W. C. Published Monthly, price Se. 
a number. Annual subscription, one guinea. Part 11, November, 18»8. 

The First Part of this useful serial was noticed by us in January. This notice 
and an advertisement in the same number of the Register give full details of the 
plan of the work. Its object is to im render accessible to students the vast mine of 
genealogical and topographical information contained in the Public Record 
Office and other depositories" of English records. The present number contains 
instalments of, 1, Chancery Proceedings, 1625-49; 8, Northamptonshire and Rutland 
Wills, 1510-1652. 

From time to time, Mr. Phillimore will give " detailed accounts of some of the 
calendars upon the shelves of the search-rooms at the Public Record Office and 
elsewhere, as such information,' 1 he thinks, " will prove useful to those students 
who are anxious that their inquiries shall be thorough and exhaustive." A begin- 
ning is made in this number. 

We heartily commend the Index to our readers. We trust that the librarians and 
trustees of public libraries in the various parts of the United States will subscribe 
for it in behalf of their institutions, and that private collectors also will place it on 
their shelves. It promises to be a great aid to genealogical research. 

The Beginnings of American Science. The Third Century. An Address delivered 

at the Eighth Anniversary Meeting of the Biological Society of Washington. 

By G. Browxk Goods, President of the Society. Washington : Printed for 

the Society. 1888. 8vo. pp. 94. 

Dr. Goode, president of the Biological Society, in his address at the previous 
anniversary meeting of that society, January 22. 1837, traced ,; the progress of 
scientific activity in America from the time of the rirst settlement by the Eng- 
lish in 1583 to the end of the Revolution — a period of nearly two hundred years." 
In the address before us he takes up the consideration of the subject, and traces 
the history of science in this country for the third century — from 1782 to the 
present time. His accounts of scientific discoveries, scientific societies and 
scientific men during the last one hundred years are interesting, and show a 
thorough knowledge of the subject. 



1889.] Book Notices. 113 

U Intermediate des Chercheurs et Curieux, Correspondence litteraire, Notes and 
Queries francais, Questions et Reponses, Lettres et Documents inedits, Communi- 
cations diverges. Paris: Lucien Faucou, Diretteur 13 rue Cujas. XXI e annee 
No. 492, 10 Xovembre, 1S88. Price 18 francs a year. 

This valuable bi-monthly has recently given welcome evidence of prosperity 
by arraying itself in new and beautiful type. Its contents comprise a delicious 
melange of fact and fancy, biography, history and literature. Let no one con- 
clude, because mention is brief and* compendious, that it must be superficial. 
Quite otherwise. The facts established are of prime importance historically, 
and the obtained accuracy most desirable. Items concerning prominent events 
and personages are discussed with ability; authorities are quoted for new, un- 
usual or doubtful subjects in French history, or literature : topics of conver- 
sation furnished to the man of business or leisure ; and additions made to the 
fund of every student, be he busy or idle. 

The American agency of this magazine is with John Delay, of 3 Union Square, 
New York. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Sermons for all Sects. By Caleb D. Bradlee, Senior Pastor of the Church at 

Harrison Square, Boston, Mass. Boston: W. B. Clark & Company. 1888. 

12mo. pp. 283. Price 81.50. 

People never tire of listening to the words of strong and consecrated men. 
Culture may advance, but we never outgrow our desire to hear the message of 
the man of God. The pulpit has an attractiveness, the printing house cannot 
take away. And sermons when issued have a fascination unlike other literature. 
Sermons are not essays ; and essays are not sermons. The volume of discourses 
before us is a happy mingling of the sermonic and literary elements. The dis- 
courses, twenty-eight in number, are at once suggestive, stimulating, exposi- 
torial, practical, and so, helpful to both the congregation who listened and to 
those who read them in quiet hours. Blessings will surely await them. The 
volume is dedicated by Rev. Dr. Bradlee to his " Friend of Many Years " — the 
Editor of the Register. 

By Rev. Anson Titus. 

Report and Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. For the 

years 1883, 188-4 and 1885. Vol. X. With a General Index to Vols. I. to X. 

Madison, Wis. : Democratic Printing Company, State Printers. 1888. 8vo. 

pp. 558. 
Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Edited and annotated 

by Reuben G. Thwaites, Corresponding Secretary of the Society. Vol. XI. 

Published by Authority of Law. Madison, Wisconsin ; Democratic Printing 

Company, State Printers. 1888. 8vo. pp. 548. 
Catalogue of the Library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Vol. VII. 

(Fifth Supplement). Prepared by Daniel S. Durrie, Librarian, and Isabel 

Durrie, Assistant. Madison, Wis. : Democratic Printing Company, State 

Printers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 651. 

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin was organized January 30, 1849, 
and during the five following years collected about fifty volumes as the nucelus 
of a library. In March, 1S53, an act of incorporation was obtained from the 
state, and in January, 1854, the Society was re-organized. Since that time more 
than a third of a century has passed, and the Society has issued eleven octavo 
volumes of Collections, and a catalogue of its library in seven volumes, besides 
a number of pamphlets. The Collections preserve a vast amount of material 
illustrating the history of the western territory of which the state of Wisconsin 
forms an important part. The reports of the Society to the close of the year 
1885, were printed with the Collections. They are now printed separately. One 
series of publications is devoted to the proceedings of the Society and the re- 
ports of the executive committee, and the other series to the Collections proper, 
consisting of historical papers and documents. One part of the series, devoted 
to proceedings, was noticed by us in April last, The two volumes of Col- 
lections before us are the last volume of the first decade and the first of a 
second decade. The latter volume is the first that does not contain the reports of 
the executive committee. 

To two members much of the unparalleled success of the Society is due, 
VOL. XLIII. 11* 



114 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

namely Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., who held the office of corresponding secretary 
from its organization in 1851 to 1887, and Daniel S. Dnrrie, A.M., the present 
librarian who was elected in 1855. They have both been laborious workers in 
building up the Society. Dr. Draper, two years ago, was succeeded by Reuben 
G. Thwaites, under whose editorial care the tirst volume of the second decade 
of the Society's Collections has beeu issued. He promises to be a worthy suc- 
cessor to Dr. Draper. 

Easlport and Passamaquoddy : a Collection of Historical and Biographical Sketches. 

Compiled by William Henry Kilby. With Notes and Additions. Eastport, 

Maine: Edward E. Shead & Company. 1888. 12mo. pp. 505. Price $2.o0. Eor 

sale by G. E. Littlefield, 67 Cornhill, Boston, Mass. 

"The town of Eastport, situated on a frontier island, its fortunes involved in 
boundary disputes, restrictive measures, and wars of two rival nations," says the 
author of this book, " has had a peculiar and eventful history. This has never been 
fully written out ; but several articles prepared by competent writers, covering portions 
of the narrative, have from time to time appeared in print." These articles Mr. Kilby 
has collected in this volume, and adding to them several new articles by himself and 
others, has made a very interesting book upon the history of Eastport and vicinity. 
The chief of these reprints is a lecture by Jonathan D. Weston, Esq., on the History 
of Eastport, delivered in April, 1834, before the Eastport Lyceum. It was printed 
the same year, but has long been out of print. Several articles by Hon. Lorenzo 
Sabine, who at one time contemplated writing a history of Eastport, are also reprinted, 
namely, on the Early Settlers of Eastport; on Moose Island during the Restrictive 
Measures of the United States ; on Moose Island, four years under Martial Law ; and 
on the Early Ecclesiastical History of Eastport. Moose Island was the name of the 
island on which the present town of Eastport is situated. The contributions of Mr. 
Kilby himself to the volume are valuable and interesting. The book is well indexed 
and handsomely printed. Over fifty engravings illustrate the work. 

A 3Iemorial' Address on the late Marshall PincJcney Wilder, President of the Xew 
England Historic Genealogical Society. By the Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, 
D.D., LL.D. Delivered before the Society January 18. 1888. Boston: Pub- 
lished by the Society. 1888. Royal 8vo. pp. 29. * With portrait. For sale 
by the Society, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. Price 50 cts. in cloth or 
25 cts. in paper. 
Biographical Sketch of Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. Prepared for the Transactions 
of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. By Robert Manning-, Secretary. 
Boston : Printed by George E. Crosby & Co. 1887. 8vo. pp. 21. 
Memoir of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., LL.D. By Hamilton Andrews 

Hill, A.M. Boston : Printed for Private Distribution. " 1888. 8vo. pp. 15. 
Posthumous Address of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, IjL.D., President of the 
Hew England Historic Genealogical Society. Read January 5, 1887, at the 
Annual Meeting following his death. With the other Proceedings on that oc- 
casion. Boston: The Society's House, 18 Somerset Street. 1887. 8vo. pp. 48. 
We give above the titles of some biographies of our honored president which 
have appeared since his death. To them we have added the title of the pamphlet 
containing his posthumous address to the society, its resolutions on his death 
and the tributes paid to his memory by its members. 

The address of Dr. Peabody, which heads our list, proves the wisdom of the 
choice of the society, when it selected that eminent divine as its orator to com- 
memorate the services of one whose long life was well rilled with works done for 
the benefit of his fellow men. It is a comprehensive and appreciative survey of 
the life and character of Mr. Wilder. 

Mr. Manning's sketch, as might naturally be expected, gives a more detailed 
account of Mr. Wilders horticultural, pomological and agricultural life than any 
other biography ; and it has evidently been prepared with much care and labor. 

Mr. Hill's memoir is a reprint from the Register for July last. As a very 
full memoir by the late John H. Sheppard, A.M., had appeared in this magazine 
twenty-one years before, — in April. 18G7,— Mr. Hill was not called upon to dwell 
■with so much detail as otherwise he would have been upon the events of Mr. 
Wilder's earlier life ; but he has given an interesting summary of his career, 
particularly as a business man. 



1889.] Booh Notices. 115 

The posthumous address of President Wilder was the twentieth address which 
he prepared for delivery to the Society. These, his last words to his follow 
members, show that the vigor of his mind had not abated, and that his interest 
in everything that concerned the Society was as ardent as ever. 

Our Fishery Fights in the Xorth Atlantic. By Jos. I. Doran. Philadelphia: 

Allen, Lane& Scott's Printing House. 1888. 8vo. pp. 07. 

This pamphlet is of considerable historical interest, as it deals with the mooted 
question of Fishery Eights under early charters and treaties as well as in recent 
times, and quotes from statesmen distinguished in the past. A great amount of 
valuable information is to be found in these pages, which bear evidence of faith- 
ful research, and they well re-pay careful perusal. We think the reader will in- 
cline to form an opinion unfavorable to the -'Chamberlain-Bayard Treaty." 
which is given in full, and reviewed by the author, as its provisions are com- 
pared with those of earlier treaties. It is evident that the writer regards this 
treaty as inconsistent with the interests and dignity of the United States. Upon 
this we are not prepared to pass judgment. The volume is handsomely gotten 
up, and attractive in appearance. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., of Xeedham, Mass. 

An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous in America. Carefully Com- 
piled and Edited by Adin Ballot. With Numerous Artistic Illustrations. 
Ariel Ballou, M.D., and Latimer W. Ballou, LL.D., Proprietary Publishers. 
1888. 8vo. pp. xiv.-(-lo23. Price 85 in half sheep, or *<> in half goat. To 
be obtained of L. W. Ballou, cashier of Woonsocket National Bank, Woon- 
socket, R. I. 

Virginia Cousins. A Study of the Ancestry and Posterity of John Goode, of 
IMiitby, a Virginia Colonist of the Seventeenth Century, with Xotes upon Be- 
lated Families, a Fey to Southern Genealogy andji History of the Surname, 
Gode, Goad, Goode or Good. By G. Brown Goode. With a, Preface by R. 

A. Brock. Richmond, Virginia : J. W. -Randolph & English. 1888. Crown 
4to. pp. xxxvi.-f-526. Price S7 to 310 according to binding. Sold by sub- 
scription. 

The Stanley Families of America, as descended from John, Timothy and Thomas 
Stanley, of Hartford, Ct., 1636. Compiled by Israel P. Warren, D.D. 
Portland, Me. : Printed by B. Thurston & Co. 1887. 8vo. pp. 352. Price S3. 

Pedigree of the Family of Biscoe. By John Challenor Covington' S:\iith. 
London : Mitchell & Hughes. 1887. -ito. pp. 25. Price 3s. 6d. To be obtained 
of the author, J. C. C. Smith, 90 Church road, Richmond, Surrey, England. 

Historical Sketches of some Members of the Lawrence Family. By Robert M. 
Lawrence, M.D. Boston. 1888. 8vo. pp. 215. Sent postpaid by Damrell 
& Upham, 283 Washington St., Boston, Mass. Price .82. 

Becords of the Connecticut Line of the Hoyden Family. By Jabez Haskell 
Hayden, of Windsor Locks, Conn. 1888. Sm. -ito. pp. 329. 

Biographical Sketches of Bichard Ellis, the First Settler of Ash field, Mass., and 
his Descendants. Compiled by E. R. Ellis, M.D. Detroit, Mich. : William 
Graham Printing Co. 1888. *8vo. pp. 483. Price 83.50. 

The Genealogy of John Marsh of Salem and his Descendants, 1G33-1S88. Col- 
lected and published by Col. Lucius B. Marsh, of Boston, Mass. Revised 
and edited by Rev. D wight W. Marsh, of Amherst. Mass. Amherst, Mass. : 
J. E. Williams, Book and Job Printer. 1888. 8vo. pp. 283. 

Memorials of the Bev. Joseph Sumner, D.D., Minister of Shrewsbury, Massa- 
chusetts, 1762-1824. Worcester, Mass. : Printed for Private Distribution. 
1888. 8vo. pp. 175. Edition limited to 50 copies. 

The History of the Dudley Family. By Dean Dudley. Number III. Wake- 
field, Mass. 1888. 8vo. 100 pages. Price 31 a number. 

Sir Henry Boseicell ; a Devon Worthy. His Ancestry and History. By Frances 

B. James. 8vo. pp. 10. 

Pearce Genealogy, being the Becord of the Posterity of Bichard Pearce, an Early 
Inhabitant of Portsmouth in Bhode Island. By Col. Frederick C. Pierce. 
1888. Rockf ord, Illinois. 8vo. pp. 150. Price S5. For sale by the author. 



116 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Isaac Witley, of New London, Conn., and his Descendants. By Henry Wn.LEY, 
New Bedford, Mass. : Printed for the Author. 1888. 8vo. pp. vi.-fl6tJ + 17. 
Edition 200. Price 82.50. Sold by the author, Henry Willey, of New Bedford, 
Mass. 

Some Records of the Beekman Family. By James R.Gibson, Jr. 1888. 8vo. 
pp. 12. 

Memorial of the JVhitcomb and Pierce Families. Compiled by William Fred- 
erick Whitcomb, Boston. 1888. 8vo. pp. 23. 

Our Patronymics. Compiled by Elizabeth Edwards-Gifford. 1888. Royal 
8vo. pp. 28. 

Chief Justice Fuller a Descendant of one of the Early Settlers of Dedham. 
Printed for the Dedham Historical Society. 1888. 8vo. pp. 8. 

Genealogical Notes of the Whiting Family. 1888. 8ro. pp. 8. 

The Genealogy of William Thornton Parker, A.M., M.D., of Boston, Mass. 
Contributed by his son Wm. Thornton Parker, M.D., of Newport, R. I. 
Newport, R. I. : John P. Sanborn, Printers. 1888. 8vo. pp. 10. ' 

Beport of the Weeks Family Meeting for the Centennial Celebration of the Settle- 
ment of Holland Weeks in Salisbury, Vt. Middle bury, Vt. : Register Company, 
Book and Job Printers. 188S. 8vo. pp. 20. 

"We continue in this number our notices of genealogical works recently pub- 
lished. 

The first book on our list is the Ballou genealogy. The late Mr. Ira Ballou 
Peck, of Woonsocket. R. I. (author of the Peck Genealogy published in 1868), 
whose mother was a Ballon, commenced many years ago, probably more than a 
quarter of a century, to collect materials for compiling a history of the Ballou 
family. In 1882, not having time to compile the work himself, his manuscripts 
were placed in the hands of Rev. Adin Ballou. of Hopedale, for the purpose of 
completing the necessary researches and compiling a book on the history of the 
family. The financial responsibility of the publication was assumed by Rev. Mr. 
Ballou's brother, the late Ariel Ballou. M.D., and Hon. Latimer W. Ballou. The 
author, when he undertook this work, had just completed his elaborate history 
of Milford, Mass., and his experience on that book was of great service to him 
in his new undertaking. Mr. Peck stipulated in his contract that the book should 
contain, as far as practicable, the female as well as the male descendants, and 
this has been done. Mr. Ballou found the work laborious, complicated and 
tedious. Though nearly eighty years of age, he was not appalled, but set him- 
self vigorously at work and has accomplished his task, the result being a book 
much larger than any of them had anticipated, containing more than 1,200 pages 
and over 9,000 names. Mr. Frederick M. Ballou, of Providence, contributed time 
and money towards this book, and spent some time in England in making gene- 
alogical researches for the work. The book is highly creditable to all concerned. 
It is carefully compiled, handsomely printed in clear type, and embellished with 
eighteen portraits besides other illustrations. Considering the size and expense 
of the book, it is sold at a very low price. 

The next book, that on the Good family, is by Dr. G. Brown Goode, of Wash- 
ington, D. C. one of the most accomplished naturalists of this era. It is " the 
result of twenty-four years of assiduous research." Mr. R. A. Brock, secretary 
of the Virginia and Southern Historical Societies, and editor of their publications, 
contributes a preface in which he furnishes excellent reasons why family his- 
tory should be preserved. He states that some of the best works of this kind 
have been prepared by scientific men, and names several eminent naturalists and 
philologists who have published genealogies. Of the present work he says : 
" Its merit in careful investigation and in conscientious statement is manifest, 
as is, most appealingly, its comprehensiveness in historic incident and remi- 
niscence. I do not recal," he continues, " any similar work so fully freighted 
with interest." The history of the name and an account of the Goode family in 
England is given. The record of the descendants of John Goode, of Whitby, 
includes those of all names, so that it has been truly said : "■ There is scarce a 
family name of any duration of seating in Virginia of which some record will 
not be found in this admirable work." The appendixes contain much matter of 
genealogic interest, and the book closes with a full index. The volume is ele- 
gantly printed and has numerous portraits besides other engravings. 






1889.] Book Notices. 117 

The book on the Stanley family is by the Rev. Dr. Israel P. Warren, 
editor of the Christian Mirror, Portland. Maine, and the author of several books 
which have been well received by the public. Besides the record of the 
descendants of the persons named on the title page. Dr. Warren here irives as an 
account of several English families bearing the name of Stanley. His volume 
shows praiseworthy research as well as eare in its compilation. It is illustrated 
with numerous heliotype portraits. There is a good index. 

The Biscoc genealogy was noticed by us in January, 1888, soon after its 
appearance. We notice it again to give the price of the work, and to say that 
copies can be procured from the author. The ancestry of Nathaniel Biscoe, an 
early and prominent settler of Watertown, Mass.. is here iriveu for several 
generations. His descendants will now have an opportunity to learn about their 
English relations, and their own ancestors. 

The Lawrence book was noticed by us in October last. We repeat the title 
for the purpose of stating where and at what price it can be purchased. 

The volume on the Hayden family begins with an account of the Haydens in 
England, tilling thirty-eight pages, illustrated by five autoirlyph views of build- 
ings and their interiors. This was contributed by Rev. William B. Hayden. of 
Portland, Maine. Then follows the proceedings in the Gathering of Haydens, 
Sept. 2, 18s."), including addresses by the compiler of this volume, Mr. Jabez 
Haskell Hayden, of Windsor Locks, Ct., and Rev. William B. Hayden before 
named. The genealogy proper tills over two hundred pages. It is nearly fifty 
years ago that Mr. Hayden commenced gathering, in the intervals .of business. 
information about the Hayden family, and in 1859 a portion of his collections 
was published by Dr. Stiles in his History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor. 
About seven years ago, on reaching the age of threescore and ten. he retired 
from active business and has devoted much of his time to his favorite researches 
and the compilation of this book. Among the illustrations is a fac-simile of a 
deed, Nov. 28, 1063, to William Hayden of Windsor, the ancestor of the Con- 
necticut Haydens, from Anthony Hawkins. The deed is in the handwriting of 
Matthew Grant, the emigrant ancestor of President U. S. Grant. Many por- 
traits and views adorn this handsome volume. It is carefully compiled and well 
indexed. 

The book by Dr. Ellis, of Detroit, is chiefly devoted to the descendants of 
Richard Ellis, born at Dublin. Ireland. August 1G, 170-1, whose father was a 
native of Wales. He was the first settler of Ashfield, Mass., then called Hunts- 
town, to which place he removed in 1743. His descendants are here fully traced 
and fill 272 pages of the book. The remainder of the volume, nearly 200 pages, 
contains a paper by Rev. Thomas Shepard. entitled Sketches of Ashfield, Mass. 
Mr. Shepard was the minister at Ashfield from 1819 to 1833. The manuscript 
of this paper has for nearly fifty years been in possession of Mr. Henry S. 
Ranney, and is printed by his permission. It is a valuable contribution to the 
history of Ashfield. The book is a credit to the author. It has a good index, 
and is well printed and bound. 

The Marsh genealogy is devoted to the descendants of John Marsh, an early 
settler of Salem, Mass., and his wife Susanna daughter of Rev. Samuel Skelton. 
The compiler, Col. Lucius B. Marsh, has taken great pains to gather and verify, 
by deeds and other public records, all early statements ; and also to obtain from 
living authorities and from records and printed works facts that will secure an 
equal accuracy as to the later generations. The book is well prepared and hand- 
somely printed on fine white paper and in legible type. It has a good index. 

The volume entitled Memorials of Rev. Joseph Sumner, D.D., is noticed here as 
it contains as one of its appendixes one line of the Sumner genealogy. The book 
contains a biographical sketch of Rev. Dr. Sumner, of Shrewsbury, Mass., his 
journal and almanac notes from Jan. 17, 17GS, to Dec. 31, 1822, and other his- 
torical and biographical matter. Most of this material has been gathered from 
papers left by Dr. Sumner at his death, and will assist those who write the his- 
tory of Shrewsbury and its vicinity. The book is elegantly printed and illus- 
trated by several portraits of Dr. Sumner — one a steel engraving, another a full 
length heliotype and two silhouettes. A portrait of his wife and other illustra- 
tions are given. 

The third part of Mr. Dudley's History of the Dudley Family maintains the 
interest of the work. It contains a biography of Gov. Joseph Dudley, and a 
sketch of the life of his brother, Paul Dudley, senior, with the wills of both. 



118 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

A Genealogy of the descendants of William Dudley, an early settler of Guilford, 
Ct., is also given here. Other interesting matter concerning the Dudleys in 
this country and Eugland is found. The number is illustrated by portraits, 
facsimiles and other engravings. Mr. Dudley has been collecting materials for 
his "work for more than forty years. 

Miss James's paper on the ancestry and history of Sir Henri' Rosewell, was 
read at Exeter, England, in July last before the Devonshire Association for the 
Advancement of Science, Literature and Art. This paper is another evidence 
of the thorough research of this lady. It has au interest for New Englanders, 
from the fact that Sir Henry Rosewell's name is found in the charter of Massa- 
chusetts at the head of the grantees. Very little, before this, was known con- 
cerning him. The pamphlet closes with a tabular pedigree. The author's pre- 
sent address is Rockbeare Manor, near Exeter, Devon, England. 

The book on the Fearce family by Col. Fierce, of Rockford, 111., is devoted to 
the descendants of Richard Fearce. an early settler of Fortsmouth, R. I., whom 
the author claims as a brother of Capt. William Feirce, the famous shipmaster 
who commanded the Lyon which arrived at Boston Feb. 9, 1C30-1. Col. Feirce 
thinks he has good reason for believing that Richard Pearce was descended 
from the Percys, and 2d pages are devoted to the English family of that name. 
Much labor has evidently been spent on the book. It has an index and is well 
arranged and well printed. 

The Willey genealogy is by Mr. Henry Willey, editor of the Daily Evening 
Standard of New Bedford. Isaac Willey, the emigrant ancestor of this family, 
was of Boston as early as 1640, removed to Charlestown a few years later, and 
in 1645 went with John Winthrop, Jr., to New London, where he died about. 
1685. The author, who has been assisted by one of the most able genealogists 
of our day, Mr. D. Williams Patterson of Newark Valley, X. Y., gives us in the 
work before us a very satisfactory record of this family. It is well printed and 
indexed. 

The pamphlet on the Beekman family is reprinted from the Xew York Gene- 
alogical and Biographical liecord for April last. Much valuable matter is here 
preserved concerning the Beekman family, whose ancestor emigrated from Hol- 
land in the middle of the seventeenth century and settled in Xew Amsterdam 
now New York city. 

The Whitcomb-Pierce Memorial gives the ancestry and descendants of Col. 
Asa 4 Whitcomb of Lancaster, who was a great-grandson of John 1 (Jonathan, 2 
John 3 ) Whitcomb, who settled at Dorchester, Mass., as early as 1633. The 
record of the ancestry and near kindred of the compiler's mother, Caroline Pierce, 
is also given. The book is creditable to the author. 

The pamphlet entitled "Our Patronymics" is compiled with much care. It 
furnishes genealogical sketches of the families of Edwards, Cleveland, Parsons, 
Hunt, Gilford, Anthony, Slade, Sherman and other surnames. It has been 
printed for distribution to immediate relatives of the compiler, Mrs. Gift'ord of 
Skaneateles, N. Y. Among the distinguished persons whose ancestry is here 
given are President Cleveland and Gen. W. T. Sherman. Two centenarians, Mrs. 
Hannah Parsons Cleveland and her daughter, Mrs. Olive Cleveland Clarke, the 
former the compiler's grandmother, are here found. A sister of Mrs. Clarke, 
namely Mrs. Hannah Cleveland King, of Otisco, N. Y., now living, is nearly 
one hundred years old. 

The pamphlet on the Fuller family is by Mr. Don Gleason Hill, president of 
the Dedham Historical Society and editor of the two printed volumes of Ded- 
ham Records. It gives one line of the descendants of Thomas Fuller, an early 
settler of Dedham, Mass., for seven generations, ending with the family of Hon. 
Melville W. Fuller, chief justice of the United States. Mr. Hill has been very 
successful in obtaining full details of this descent. The pamphlet is a reprint 
from the Dedham Transcript. 

The pamphlet on the Whiting family is by Mr. Andrew Fuller Whiting, of 
Hartford, Ct., the custodian of the Ledger of " Col. John Whiting, treasurer of 
Connecticut, which " has been passed to the youngest son of each generation in 
direct line of descent, in which the first entry bears date ' March 1716-7,' and 
in which (with one exception) each has recorded his family record." The emi- 
grant ancestor of this family is William Whiting, an early settler of Hartford, 
Ct. The work is carefully prepared. 
The Parker genealogy is by Dr. Parker, of Newport, R. I., who contributed to 



1889.] Recent Publications. 119 

the Rkgister the article on "An Old Landmark of Boston," printed in vol. 41, 
page 203. The account of his father, the late Dr. Parker, of South Boston, and 
his ancestry, is quite interesting. 

The last pamphlet gives an account of a pleasant meeting of the Weeks family, 
held Aug. 23, 1888, at the residence of W. Harrison Brigham, at West Connvall, 
Vt., on the centenary of the settlement of Holland Weeks, a native of Pom fret, 
Ct., in Vermont. The principal addre^es are by Rev. George A. Weeks of Paris, 
Ky., on Holland Weeks, and by Mr. Robert D. \Veeks. of Newark, X. J., author 
of the Genealogy of the Weeks Family, noticed by us in January. 1880, giving a 
history of the compilation of that "work with a statement of the results of his 
investigations. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society to Dec 1, 1888. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

A Memorial Address on the late Marshall Pinckney Wilder, President of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society. By the Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, D.D., 
LL.D. Delivered before the Society, January 18, 1888. Boston : Published by the 
Society. 1888. Koyal 8vo. pp. 29. With portrait. Price in cloth 50 cts., in 
paper 25 cts. 

Memoir of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. Ph.D., LL.D. By Hamilton Andrews 
Hill, A.M. Boston: Printed for private distribution. 1888. 8vo. pp. 15. With 
portrait. 

Exercises at the the one hundred and twenty-fifth Anniversary of Dummer Academy, 
at Newbury, Byfie'ld Parish, Mass. June 19, IS88. Address By Hon. William 
Dummer Northend. Salem: Printed at the Salem Press. 1688. 8vo. pp. 61. 

Groton Historical Series, Vol.11. No. VI. Groton.Mass. 1688. 8vo. pp. 149-171. 

Narrative of a Jouruey clown the Ohio aund Mississippi in 1789-90. By Maj. 
Samuel S. Forman, with a memoir and illustrative notes by Lyman C Draper. 
Cincinnati : Robert Clarke and Co. 1888.. 8vo. pp. 67. 

Hubbard's Map of New England, engraved probably by John Foster, the first 
printer of Boston. Remarks made before the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
November 8, 1888, by Samuel Abbott Green, M.D., with a facsimile of the map. 
Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1888. 8vo. pp. 10. 

Memorial Discourse delivered in the Winthrop Church. Holbrook, May 27, 
1888, byE. Russell, D.D. Randolph: Norfolk County Register and Holbrook 
News. Daniel H. Huxford, Publisher. 1688. 8vo. pp. 30. 

Mr. Froude's Negrophobia or Don Quixote as a Cook's Tourist. By N. Darnel 
Davis. The " Argosy " Press. Demerara : 1888. 8vo. pp. 45. 

II. Other PuMLcations. 

Banquet given by the Learned Societies of Philadelphia at the American Academy 
of Music, September 17, 1867. Closing the eeremonies in commemoration of the 
framing and signing of the Constitution of the United States. Philadelphia : Printed 
for the Committee. 1888. 8vo. pp. 86. 

Pennsylvania and the Federal Constitution, 1787-1788. Edited by John Bach 
McMaster and Frederick D. Stone. Published for the Subscribers by the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania. 1688. 8vo. pp. 803. 

Historical Collections. Collections and Itesearches made by the Pioneer and 
Historical Society of the State of Michigan- Vols. X. and XI. Lansing : Thorp 
and Godfrey, State Priuters and Binders. 1866. 8vo. 

Report of the Secretary of the Class of 18(53 of Harvard College. June, 1663, to 
June, 1888, printed for the use of the class. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son, 
University Press. 1888. 8vo. pp. 256. 

1768-1888. The Centennial of the Cumberland Association of Congregational 
Ministers at the Second Parish Church in Portland, Maine, Monday and Tue.-day, 
May 28 and 29, 1688. 8vo. pp. 75. 

Proceedings in commemoration of the settlement of the town of New Haven, 
April 25th. 1888. 8vo. pp. 69. 



120 Deaths. [Jan. 

Minutes of the Seventy-Ninth Annual Meeting of the General Association of 
the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches of New Hampshire, Sept. 11, 12, 
and 13, 1888. Eighty-Seventh Annual Report of the New Hampshire Home 
Missionary Soeiety. Bristol, N. II. 1888. 8vo. pp. 102. 

Catalogue of the Library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Vol. 
3. First Supplement. Madison, Wis. : H. B. Bolens, State Printer. 1875. 
8vo. pp. 3*:i. 

Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada for the year 
1887. Volume V. Montreal : Dawson Brothers, Publishers. 1888. Large 8vo. 

History and Directory of Needham. Massachusetts, for 1888-89. Containing 
a complete Resident. Street and Business Directory. Town Officers, Schools, 
Societies, Churches. Post Offices, etc. etc. ; also a history of the town from the 
first settlement to the present time. A. E. Foss & Co. Needham : Press of G. 
H. Ware, 43 Lincoln St., Boston. 8vo. pp. 157. 

Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the year 1887. 
Part II. Boston: Printed for the Society. 1888. 8vo. pp. 435-j-iii. 

Register of the University of California. 1887-88. Berkeley: Published by 
the Regents of the University. 1888. 8vo. pp. 158. 

Richmond, Va., An Outline of its Attractions and Industries. By W. D. 
Cheslerman. Prepared by order of the Chamber of Commerce and published 
under the direction of its Committee on Information and Statistics. Richmond : 
Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer. 1888. 8vo. pp. 2-t. 

Journal of Lieutenant Tjerck Beekman. 1779, of the Military Expedition of 
Major General John Sullivan against the Six Nations of Indians [reprinted 
from Magazine of American History for August, 1888]. Sq. 8vo. pp. 129-136. 

Mess Account of Lieut. Tjeck Beekman, 1778 to 1780 — with notes by James 
R. Gibson, Jr. [reprinted from the New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record for July, 1888]. Sq. 8vo. pp. 7. 

Yale Graduates in Western Massachusetts. By Alpheus C. Hodges. Pastor of 
the Congregational Church, Bucklaud, Mass. Reprinted by permission from the 
fourth volume of the New Haven Colony Historical Society. 8vo. pp. 298. 



DEATHS. 

Mrs. Anna. Holmes Warrex, who died in. Mrs. Warren and her husband, the 

Nashua, X. II., August 13, 1.SS8, at the late David Warren, had five children, all 

advanced age of 93, was born in Stough- of whom arrived at mature years. 1. 

ton, Mass., in 17'.)6. and was a descen- David, and 2. Mason, both of whom died 

dant of Joseph Smith of Dedham, who in California. 3. Charles, died in Maine. 

married Mary Hawes of Dorchester. 4. Capt. J. Quincy A., was shot through 

Their son William Smith married Cath- the heart at the first engagement of the 

erine Withington, and their son Nathan- Eighth X. H. regiment, in Louisiania. 

iel Smith married Anna Holmes, and the o. Frank, died in Georgia, 
latter became the parents of Mrs. Warren. David had three children ; of only one 

Her mother, Anna Holmes, was the of whom the writer is informed, viz., 

grandchild of Nathaniel Holmes and Lydia Joy. now deceased, who married 

his wife Sarah Withington ; their son Gen. W. F. Draper of Massachusetts. 

Plulip Holmes married Mary Waters, She was a lady of great beauty of 

and they were Mrs. Warren's grand- person and character, whose early death, 

parents. Mary Waters, her grandmoth- leaving four young children, was much 

er, was the daughter ot Samuel Waters lamented. 

and Bethiah Thayer. Hon. Henry L. Pierce, Hon. Edward 

Sarah Withington, Mrs. Warren's L. Pierce, Hon. Newton Talbot, of 

great-grandmother, was the daughter of Boston, and the late Mr*. Charlotte 

Philip Withington and who were Battles are in the line of descent with 

also the parents of William Withington Mrs. Warren, who was a person of 

•who married Elizabeth Blake, and they singular independence of character and 

became the parents of Mrs. Warren's of much intellectual activity, perfurming 

grandmother Catherine Withington, and her duties amid the losses of all her 

thus Mrs. Warren was descended by family with conscientious industry and 

two families from Henry Withington, sublime Christian fortitude. j.m.b. 
the Dorchester immigrant of 1636. 






& 



A- 



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s OVU^_ J 1 . Al^JCAjiA^o^^. 



THE 

HISTORICAL A??D GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1889. 






JOHN FARWELL ANDERSON. 

By Rev. George Madison Bodge, East Boston, Mass. 

THE Anderson name has been represented by numerous brandies 
in various parts of America since the first settlement. The 
numbers seem to have been added to by successive emigrations, and 
especially in the first quarter of the eighteenth century when so many 
of the Scotch and Scotch-Irish emigrated. 

The date of the settlement in America of John 1 Anderson, the 
Scotch-Irish immigrant ancestor of the family to which our Mr. 
Anderson, the subject of this memoir, belonged, is uncertain ; he 
was at Watertown, and married, July 16, 1706, Rebecca Waight. 
Abraham 2 Anderson was born of these parents August 18, 1708. 
Very little is known of him until he appears at the new township of 
New Marblehead, now Windham, Me. He settled in 1740 among 
the first of the settlers. The farm which he cleared and improved 
was near the centre of the settlement, and has always been one of 
the best in the town ; it has descended from father to son in the 
family, always enlarged and improved. At the time of his coming 
to New Marblehead, Abraham 2 Anderson had a wife, Bathshua, and 
several children, the oldest being about ten years. Several children 
were born to them between that and her death in 1751. The second 
wife was Mrs. Ann Colin Cloutman, who bore him three sons. 
This settler was a man of great energy and influence in the develop- 
ment of the new town. The records, both of the church and the 
town, show that he was foremost in all movements for the good 
of his townspeople. After the incorporation of the town, he was 
the first Representative to the General Court, 1767 and 1768. He 
died in 1769, leaving the homestead to his youngest son Abraham, 3 
who possessed much of the energy and ability of his father. His 
thrift and prudence through a long life added much to the family 
prosperity and honor. He married Lucy, daughter of Rev. Peter 
Thacher Smith, and granddaughter of Rev. Thomas Smith, the first 
minister of Falmouth, now Portland, and they had seven children* 

VOL. XLIII. 12 



3IH 












122 John Fancell Anderson. [April, 

Hon. John* Anderson, the third son of Abraham 3 and Lucy, 
was born July 29, 1792. He graduated at Bowdoin College in the 
class of 1813 ; studied law in the office of Stephen Longfellow, in 
Portland; was admitted to the Cumberland bar in 18 1G, and at 
once entered upon a prosperous practice. He became actively en- 
gaged in politics, and in 1824 was elected Representative to Con- 
gress, holding the seat by repeated elections until 1833 ; then, until 
1836, he was U. S. District Attorney, Collector of Portland in 1*36, 
and reappointed by President Tyler. He declined the appointment 
of Secretary of the Navy upon the retirement of Mr. Bancroft from 
that office in 1846. He was twice Mayor of Portland, and was 
very influential in securing the construction of the Atlantic and St. 
Lawrence Railroad. Active, earnest and positive in the line of his 
convictions, he never forgot the genial courtesy and true dignity of 
the gentleman in the storms of party strife. His unblemished in- 
tegrity and high ability, combined with his other qualities, placed 
him in the front rank of our Maine statesmen. He married, Sep- 
tember 23 1 1822, Ann Williams Jameson, daughter of Capt. Samuel 
Jameson, of Freeport, Me., and Anne Hichborne, of Boston. Mrs. 
Anderson was a woman of rare beauty and intellect, whose brilliant 
social qualities and wide benevolenee added greatly to her husband's 
success in life, and to the happiness of all who knew her. 

John Faewell 5 Anderson, eldest son of the above parents, 
was born July 22, 1823, in Portland, Me., in the house on Con- 
gress Street opposite the head of Park Street, now numbered 633 ; 
but when he w r as about two years old his father bought the house 
on Free Street, w T hich, since that time, when in Portland, has 
always been his home. 

Mr. Anderson's first attendance at school was at the old Portland 
Academy, then in charge of Principal Bezaleel Cushman. When 
about nine years of age he, with his brother Samuel J., was sent to 
a private home-school at Cape Elizabeth, under the charge of 
Rev. D. Millet. Afterwards he attended school under the instruc- 
tion of Master Francis G. Clark, in Portland. In 1838 and 1839 he 
attended Gorham Academy, under the tuition of Principal Amos 
Brown. While here, he lived in the family of his father's sister, 
Mrs. Ann, wife of Dr. John Waterman. Gorham Academy was 
at that time one of the most notable schools in the State, and secured 
the patronage of many of Maine's best families. Among Mr. 
Anderson's schoolmates here, were many since highly distinguished 
men ; besides his brother Gen. Samuel J. Anderson, were Chief 
Justice John A. Peters, Hon. Samuel F. Perley, Rev. George M. 
Adams, D.D., Hon. John A. Waterman, and Ex-Governor Robie. 
One of these old schoolmates, writing of him in answer to inquiry, 
says : 

I remember him as a rather round-faced boy, with a good deal of color 
in his cheeks, having dark brown hair, and a bright, animated and pleasing 



1889.] John Farwell Anderson. 123 

expression. He was a very active lad, full of fun and mischief; always 
gentlemanly in his manner, but fearless, impulsive and quick to resent any 
affront, either to a friend or to himself; but at the same time affectionate, 
tender-hearted, and as sorry for auy rash act of his own, as he had been 
impetuous in doing it. He was, as a boy, honorable, chivalrous, and true 
to his friends; he did not like to have enemies, yet if he had any he was 
never afraid of them; and nearly always, by his honest, open-hearted way3, 
won them as friends. He was one of the most popular boys in the school, 
and his popularity was by no means confined to the boys. 

After leaving Gorham Academy, in 1839, he soon began to study 
civil engineering, at Portland, with an Englishman by the name of 
William xVnson. He afterwards continued his study of engineering 
at Tyngsboro', Mass., under the direction of Capt. Green of the 
regular army. 

In 1813 he was appointed assistant engineer upon the Commission 
of the "North Eastern Boundary Survey," established by the so- 
called "Webster and Ashburton Treaty," to trace the boundary 
line, some seven hundred miles in all, between the American and 
British possessions. Hon. Albert Smith was the American Com- 
missioner, and Col. J. B. Estcourt, of the Royal Engineers, was 
the British Commissioner. Col. James D. Graham was Chief of the 
Scientific Corps, on the part of the United States, and several ac- 
complished officers of the Ordnance Corps of England served on the 
British Commission. Mr. Anderson was immediately attached, 
as first assistant, to the section under the direction of Mr. Folliot 
Thornton Lally, with headquarters at Houlton, Maine. The next 
year he was assigned, as first assistant, to the party under Mr. 
Alexander W. Longfellow, whose brother Stephen was also of the 
party. Their section of the line to be laid out was along " Hall's 
Stream." The work here lay through an unbroken wilderness, and 
a very large party of wood-choppers had to go forward and cut 
a range way for the lines. The line was marked with mile posts 
of cast iron. The base of supplies and headquarters was Canaan, 
Vt. From thence all supplies had to be carried into the w r oods 
on the backs of men, employed for the purpose, called " Sackers." 
This wild freedom of the woods was in harmony with the broad, 
free nature of the young man, and doubtless confirmed him in the 
pursuit of the arduous profession of engineer. The only inhabitants 
they met, after leaving Canaan, were the wild beasts that came at 
night within the circle of their camp-fire's light. Each day they 
moved the line along the river, and each night pitched their shed tent 
upon a new spot, and slept upon liberal beds of the boughs of 
fragrant fir and hemlock. This large free life seems to have left 
something of its impress in the genial, open-hearted freedom of his 
manner. His friend and comrade in this work, Mr. Alexander W. 
Longfellow, writes of him : 

In this work Mr. Anderson was a most efficient, prompt and able assist- 
ant; his youthful vigor and enthusiasm aided not only in the advancement 



mi 









124 John Far well Anderson. [April, 

of the work, but contributed much to our enjoyment, as a good comrade. 
I always recall him to mind with much pleasure, he was so noble-hearted, 
generous and impulsive, and so ready to help any one in need. 

Mr. Anderson held this position until the spring of 1847. In 
this time he spent the two winters (1846 and 1847) in Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he was engaged in the offices of the Com- 
mission. The whole year of l£4(> was spent at the "Washington 
offices. Mr. Anderson had many very pleasant memories of these 
winters at the Capital, where he was favored by the many ac- 
quaintances and friends who had known his father while he was in 
Congress. Among these were Mr. Plcasonton, for many years 
Auditor of the Treasury, and his lady, at whose home he was 
welcomed, and there introduced to the highest social circles of the 
nation. He also enjoyed the personal friendship of President Polk, 
who had been a warm friend of his father while they were in Congress 
together, and was thus a frequent guest at the White House, and was 
cordially received by Mrs. Polk, an intimate friend of his mother, 
to the inner circle of her household and acquaintance. He had many 
pleasant reminiscences of the occasions and the people which this favor 
of liis parents' old friends had made accessible to him; but all who 
have known him can readily understand, that, once introduced, his 
own sterling worth and genial courtesv would make him welcome any- 
where. He had a fund of anecdote concerning the distinguished per- 
sonages of the time whom he met there. Much of the grand formality 
of the former generation, at that time, still pervaded "Washington 
society ; and the matrons of the White House, Cabinet and Congress, 
still held rigidly to the standards of the "Old School." Mr. Ander- 
son used to speak laughingly of one occasion, when he enjoyed the 
eminent privilege of escorting Mrs. Alexander Hamilton to the 
supper room, at a White House reception ; and of another occasion, 
when he was introduced to Mrs. Madison, who immediately pre- 
sented her snuff-box, from which he had the honor of "taking a 
pinch " with the great lady, in accordance with the custom of that 
time. No one would ever learn from himself the favor and friendship 
which he enjoyed in this society, except as facts here and there inad- 
vertently cropped out : and this natural modesty became deeply sensi- 
tive whenever praises were bestowed upon his achievements in the 
line of his profession. 

He was a close observer of human nature, and a very keen, though 
always kindly, critic of people of odd speech and eccentric ways and 
characters ; and having had such opportunities of observation in the 
national capital during the stirring times embracing the war with 
Mexico, he recalled vividly his impressions of the great men and the 
issues with which they were then contending : Webster, Calhoun, 
Tyler, Marcy, Polk, Toucey, Bancroft and Van Buren : these and 
many others of our famous men were there in the stir and tumult of 
the times, as well as in the stately old social circles, where their 



1889.] John Farwell Anderson. 125 

courtly dames led the national fashions and manners, as the first 
ladies of the land. 

It is plain, that to a young man of his quality and promise, with 
his genial temperament and popular ways, with many warm influen- 
tial friends, a tempting career was open to his ambition. But then, 
as always, he was greatly attached to his home and his native city 
and people ; and besides, the one of all others in whom his hopes 
and ambitions centred, lived here ; and so, early in March, 1847, 
having accepted a position as assistant engineer upon the Andros- 
coggin and Kennebec Railroad, he came home from Washington. 
On March 30, 1847, he married Miss Marcia Winter, daughter of 
Capt. Samuel Winter, of Portland, and adopted daughter of Dr. 
John Merrill, of Portland. He entered at once with energy upon his 
professional duties. In 1850 the Portland and Kennebec Junction 
Railroad was built under his direction, and the same year he was 
appointed assistant engineer of the York and Cumberland Railroad ; 
and was chief engineer and acting superintendent of the same road 
from 1851 to 1853. In 1852 he was appointed city engineer of 
Portland. 

In August, 1853, his father died, leaving to him the old homestead 
which the family had held from the settlement of the tow r n, one hun- 
dred and thirteen years. The farm was one of the best in Cumber- 
land County, and Mr. Anderson at once began with enthusiasm to 
further enlarge and improve it. His neighborly relations with the 
farming people about him were always kindly and helpful ; and many 
who had known the bounty of the father and grandfather, felt in 
more ways and in larger measure the continuance of the bounty by 
the son. The family had always been popular in the town, and their 
prosperity was enjoyed by none more than their old neighbors. 

There were quaint characteristic criticisms made by some of the 
shrewd old farmers, when new methods were adopted and improve- 
ments introduced, especially when the end seemed to be to add only 
to the grace, comfort or convenience of living. But when the orna- 
mental trees grew more and more beautiful from year to year, and 
the handsome cemented stone wall stood the test of several winters ; 
when the improved buildings, barns, stables, dry cellars and warmer 
houses all proved in the end a saving of time, labor and money, be- 
sides greatly increasing the value of the property, they no longer 
looked upon the innovations as "Mr. Anderson's notions," but as 
real wisdom and foresight. 

No such impulse to stock-breeding had ever been given in town 
or county as that of Mr. Anderson's introduction of his handsome 
Devonshire cattle ; and in a few years he had the finest herd in Xew 
England. But it was not his nature to have, and not wish to share. 
He encouraged his neighbors in many ways to improve their farms, 
and gave them ready assistance. Many of the farms in town began 
to improve in appearance and productiveness ; and many can remem- 
VOL. XL in. 12* 



126 John Fancell Anderson. [April, 

ber something of the enthusiasm which was imparted in those years 
by his example and kindly sympathy. And his sympathy was so 
impartial and real, and his judgment was felt to be so true, that not 
only there and then, but throughout his life, he was constantly 
called to be referee or arbiter between towns, corporations and individ- 
uals, to adjust differences, settle disputes and make peace ; and 
doubtless many bitter and ruinous law-suits have been saved by his 
judgment, candor and friendly advice. In many important cases, 
involving great interests, he was thus associated with his life-long 
friends, Chief Justice Peters and Judge Danforth. 

In 1858 Mr. Anderson was chosen a member of the State Board 
of Agriculture for the County of Cumberland for three years, and 
the last year, 18 GO, was made vice-president of the Board. The 
next year, largely through Mr. Anderson's persuasion, his life-long 
friend, Hon. Samuel F. Perley, of Naples, accepted the place, as 
member of the Board from Cumberland County for the next three 
years, and was chosen president. Again, at the end of Mr. Perley's 
term, Mr. Anderson was persuaded to take the position, and was 
annually chosen president of the Board for 1864, '65 and '66. The 
secretary of the Board was S. L. Goodale, the chemist, with whom 
all his relations were the happiest possible. To any who knew him, 
it will seem needless to add, that upon the Board of Agriculture, as 
everywhere else, he was a faithful and efficient worker. He had 
no private ambitions to gratify, no partisan henchman to reward, no 
selfish interests to serve ; he could, therefore, give himself, as he 
did, to the highest interests of the cause he represented. 

In 1867 the increasing energy that began to be shown in railroad 
enterprises claimed Mr. Anderson's ability and experience. He was 
offered the position of chief engineer of the Portland and Rochester 
Railroad in that year, and was thus withdrawn from the farm to take 
up again his profession in the larger field. But always, in the midst 
of his busy years thereafter, it was a delight to him to make flying 
visits to his farm ; and especially to spend a portion of the summer 
vacation there with his children and grandchildren ; the last being 
the sixth generation of the family, which has lived upon the old 
homestead. 

In 1869 he was appointed chief engineer of the Portland and 
O tT densburg Railroad, and in that office, which he held at the time 
of his death, he found the great work of his life. A very intimate 
friend of Mr. Anderson, Prof. George L. Vose, who could well 
appreciate the difficulty of the problem presented at the passage 
through the White Mountains, and the ability shown in its solution, 
has given his testimony, which we shall append to this memoir, 
together with that of others, who can best judge its value. In the 
work Mr. Anderson held frequent consultations with his intimate 
friend, the eminent engineer, Benjamin H. Latrobe, of Baltimore, 
whose approval of the great work was full and cordial. In 1873 



1889.] John Farwell Anderson. 127 

he was appointed by the Governor, Railroad Commissioner of 
Maine, and retained the office during life. In 1886 the exten- 
sion of the Bangor and Piscataquis Railroad to Moosehead 
Lake was built under his direction, as chief engineer. In April, 
1884, President Nickerson of the California Southern R. R. Com- 
pany engaged Mr. Anderson as special engineer to examine the 
road and estimate the damage caused by recent floods. In his 
letter of appointment, President Nickerson says : 

"You are to commence your examination of the road at San Bernardino, 
and follow it down to National City. The parties largely interested in 
this road have directed me to send out an engineer of known ability and 
experience to make a thorough examination of the road." 

He was absent one month, travelling night and day, did his work 
to the satisfaction of all, adding valuable suggestions for guarding 
against future floods. The incident simply shows the estimate 
which was placed upon his skill and judgment by railroad men in 
the whole country. 

Mr. Anderson had a genius for friendship, as well as for the work 
of his profession ; and this element in his nature prevailed in all 
relations. In his tastes and pursuits, outside his vocation, he had 
great pleasure in antiquarian and historical studies. He was a 
diligent collector of genealogical data and facts, records and relics 
of local history. He was an active member of the Maine His- 
torical Society, and took a deep interest in all its enterprises. He 
was also a member of the New England Historic Genealogical So- 
ciety for many years, and a frequent welcome guest at the Society's 
Rooms. He was active in the formation of the Maine Genealogical 
Society, was the first President, and with his friend Mr. S. M. 
Watson as Editor and Publisher was instrumental in establishing 
the Maine Genealogical Recorder, and mainly furnished several 
articles and much valuable miscellaneous matter for it. 

In addition to his taste for local and family history, Mr. 
Anderson was a diligent collector of genuine relics of former times ; 
of these I recall the old musket with which the Indian chief Polin 
was killed by Stephen Manchester. He had secured affidavits and 
all available testimony to prove its claim to the distinction. I have 
a fine copy of an interleaved Almanac for 1764 kept by Rev. Peter 
Thacher Smith, of which Mr. Anderson had the original, and made 
this copy for me with his own hand, as he did of many other 
original papers, including an extensive correspondence of Gov. 
Andrew with Charles Sumner, Ellis Ames and others, concerning 
the history of the old "Spinet," which was in the family of Rev. 
Peter Thacher Smith, and is now owned by Hon. J. A. Waterman, 
of Gorham, Me. Many other valuable documents and records were 
given him by Mr. Isaac Watson Andrew, brother of Gov. Andrew, 
pertaining to the old Church in Windham. 

I think the historical matter that most deeply interested him was 



128 John Fancell Anderson. [April, 

the history of his ancestral town of Windham; and it was to this 
interest that I, personally, owe my opportunity of acquaintance and 
friendship with him. Material had been diligently gathered by me for 
the history, for years, but no way was presented for its publication. 
Mr. Anderson, upon learning the fact of the preparation and the 
material, at once became warmly interested in the plan, and by his 
cordial encouragement, practical suggestion and personal influence, 
soon opened the way for its publication. He was unceasing in his 
helpful cooperation, and spared no pains in gathering matter, copying 
records, investigating problems of local tradition, and in manifold 
ways aiding and giving inspiration to the work. And like help has 
been given to other publications where his name does not appear, 
but where his pains-taking hand and warm heart have been chief 
factors in production. He was greatly interested in the genealogy 
of the old Windham families, and was always gathering whatever 
he could find about their history. Many also who knew of his in- 
terest in antiquarian matters, were constantly asking his assistance 
in solving questions relating to family history and tradition, of no 
personal interest to him, but which never failed to receive his kindly 
help. And his interest did not cease when he knew that he was 
likely to be called away at a moment's warning. The last meeting 
which I had with him was by his appointment, at the Historic 
Genealogical Society's rooms in Boston, and at that time, after 
giving me various papers and records, and especially the genealogy 
of the Anderson family, which he had prepared, in manuscript, for 
insertion in the history of Windham, he took up the question 
which had been frequently discussed between us, the Semi-Centen- 
nial Anniversary of Windham ; and then told me of the uncertainty 
of his living until that time, but urging that my interest should not 
be affected in that or the more important matter of the history. And 
through all the surprise and pain of the time, I remember the cheery, 
kindly manner in which he spoke of these things. I distinctly re- 
member, too, his last words to me that day : " It is all right ; I 
have seen about all there is to be seen. I have had, I think, the 
most and the best of this life that one man can have." Xo man 
had more to live for than he; for while he loved his profession and 
enjoyed the studies and pursuits before mentioned, as well as the 
society of his many friends ; all who knew him felt that the happiest 
part of his life was found in his home with his own family. And 
it was here, in Portland, on Christmas day, 1887, in the midst of his 
own, that he passed quietly away. The burial was at Windham, in 
the old "Anderson Cemetery." There in the family tomb he rests 
with three generations of ancestors, whose honored name he has hon- 
ored anew by his upright, honorable and useful life. We realize the 
prophecy of the boy fulfilled in the qualitv of the man ; and we 
know that the world has been made brighter, and life better, for all 
who have felt the touch of the warm heart, always hopeful and 
helpful, always tender and true. 



1889.] John Farwell Anderson. 129 

A few testimonials of the highest authority are here given. 
The first is that of Prof. George L. Vose, formerly of Bowdoin 
College and later of the "Massachusetts Institute of Technology " : 

It is with very great regret that I have seen in the papers the notice of 
the death of Chief Engineer, John F. Anderson. Mr. Anderson was a good 
representative of the older members of the profession in this country. His 
views were broad, his experience wide, and his judgment always to he 
relied upon. He belonged to a class of engineers that in the present 
breaking up of the profession into specialties is rapidly disappearing; men 
who were trained in the best of all schools, actual practice; and who in 
their various labors stood upon the solid foundation of experience. I doubt 
if even his fellow townsmen fully appreciate the professional skill shown by 
Mr. Anderson in the location and construction of the Ogdensburg railroad 
through the Crawford Notch. This work has marked him as one of the 
best railroad engineers, not only in this country but in the world. The 
plans and reports of that work have become a regular part of the course of 
instruction in the best European technical schools. It was my good fortune 
to examine the problem of carrying a railroad through the White Mountains 
with Mr. Anderson in the earliest stages of the work. The careful and 
patient manner in which he attacked the question was beyond all praise. I 
have endeavored for many years in teaching classes in civil engineering to 
place them as nearly as I could in Mr. Anderson's position, and to make 
them follow closely his method of studying an important engineering 
question. There are many places on the road through the Crawford Notch 
where an error of a dozen feet in the position of the line would easily have 
quadrupled the cost. Now that the road is done it seems impossible that it 
should have been placed anywhere else. The genius of the engineer con- 
sists in seeing, in his miud's eye, the completed work before the money is 
expended. I well remember at a gathering of engineers at the Crawford 
House, when the remark was made that the location through the Notch 
was a stroke of genius, Mr. Anderson's reply, that there was no genius 
whatever about it: but only a careful attention to the details of the work; 
and he added, that any engineer who had the work to do would have found 
the same location. 

No engineer would have done the work as Mr. Anderson did it without 
Mr. Anderson's patience, skill and admirable judgment. TVe have many 
roads in the country, the prosperity of which has been forever ruined by 
injudicious location and extravagant construction ; roads where millions 
have beeu wasted from a lack of the very qualities which shine so conspicu- 
ously in this last work of Mr. Anderson. No man surpassed him in what 
we may term the pre-emineutly American engineering faculty of making a 
dollar go the greatest distance. Any engineer can make a railroad over 
the Andes or over the Alps if he is allowed to spend an unlimited amount 
of money ; but the man who stands deservedly in the front rank of the 
profession is he who, overcoming the obstacles of nature, never forgets that 
the money of the stockholders is a sacred trust, and is to be invested and 
not squandered. I recollect coming down through the Notch with a noted 
European engineer, who, after reaching Conway, said : "Well : I expected 
to see some great engineering works; but this engineer has made no monu- 
ment to himself at ail." I replied to him that the very lack of these things 
was Mr. Anderson's greatest monument. 

Mr. Anderson was extremely conscientious in the discussion of difficult 



130 John Farwell Anderson. [April, 

engineering problems. He had the faculty of being able to see both sides 
of a question. He would not give his judgment till all the evidence was 
in. This caused him to appear to some to be slow; but he was sure, 
and wheu the decision came it was felt to be right. 

Always devoted to his profession, tireless in carrying out the details of 
his work, wheu the time came for rest he was the most genial of companions. 
Fond of a good story, and eminently able to tell one, he has been the life 
of many an engineering party around the camp fire and has beguiled many 
an hour on the stage-top with his unbounded cheerfulness. For myself, I 
feel that I have lost one whose opinion upon professional matters has never 
failed me, and one of my best and oldest friends. 

Prof. Vose's letter was published in the Eastern Argus, Portland, 
immediately after Mr. Anderson's death, and reprinted in many 
other papers throughout the State. 

The following is an extract from a letter of Mr. D. P. Hastings, 
an eminent lawyer and life-long friend of Mr. Anderson, asking the 
editor of the Oxford County Record to republish the above letter 
from the Argus, which was done in that paper of Jan. 7, 1888 : 

The letter of Prof. Yose is a just tribute to the high attainments and 
genius of the lamented John F. Anderson as a railroad engineer. The 
successful location and construction of the Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad 
from Portland through the White Mountains will always remaiu a monument 
to the memory of his high professional skill, good judgment and laborious, 
painstaking devotion to that great undertaking. 

Besides all this, his integrity and purity of character, his amiable disposi- 
tion, his kindness of heart, and gentlemanly deportment to all, won the love 
and respect of all who knew him. No man ever passed away from us so 
universally mourned throughout the towns on the line of his great work, a3 
he whom we delighted to talk about as " The Chief." 

Hon. "William L. Putnam, of Portland, pays the following loyal 
tribute, which may well voice the heartfelt friendship of many others. 
This appeared in the Portland Advertiser of December 31, 1887 : 

It is seldom our city parts with a better man or one more truly distin- 
guished than Mr. John F. Anderson ; although his manners were so 
unobtrusive, and he was so willingly engaged in the ordinary duties of life, 
that the public reputation he had justly earned has not always engaged our 
attention as it otherwise might have done. 

It has been the good fortune of the writer to meet Mr. Anderson in many 
relations of life, wherein he had seen him so thoroughly tested and had 
become so regardful of him, that he cannot fail to put on record this 
testimonial to his sturdy honesty of character and to his capacity for dealing 
with the matters which came to him, as well as to the kindliness of his 
nature. 

In the construction of the great work through the Notch of the White 
Mountains he made no attempt to display brilliancy or inventive powers; 
but at every step he exhibited what was better — foresight, sound judgment, 
wisdom in selection where it was difficult to select, and ability to avail 
himself of circumstances both great and small. The result was a road 
which has been operated with safety and economy beyond anything imagined 
before its construction. 



1889.] John Farwell Anderson. 131 

In whatever tends to benefit his fellow citizens, Mr. Anderson was great, 
his example to all engaging in the same profession was most beneficent, and 
his memory should be kept green in Portland so long as the rail connects 
Casco bay and Lake Champlain. 

Mr. John "Ward Dean, editor of the Register, contributes the 
following reminiscences : 

I first made the acquaintance of Mr. Anderson in 187G, when he became 
a member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. As he was 
a native of Portland, where I had spent my youth, our love for that city 
and our pride in its history naturally drew us together. It required only 
a brief acquaintance to show me that he was a many-sided man, of sterling 
worth and marked individuality of character. He had a clear head and 
wide knowledge of human nature. His store of information derived from 
books and observation was remarkable. Though he held many important 
positions, the duties of which were arduous and exacting, yet he found time 
to engage in historical studies. Every moment he could spare was turned 
to account. He delighted in the history of New England — particularly in 
its family history, in which he made himself very proficient. 

He was a warm friend, and was ever ready to assist a worthy object. 
He was upright, fearless and outspoken. I never before met with one like 
him who could oppose a man to his face when he was convinced that the 
man was wrong, and yet so often retain the good will of that person. His 
honesty and disinterestedness were so apparent that no sensible man took 
offence. He was an agreeable companion and loved to entertain his friends. 
I have a pleasant recollection of a trip with him from Portland to the 
White Mountains over the road which he himself had constructed and 
which bore many evidences of his professional skill. He was assiduous in 
his endeavors to make the trip agreeable to my wife and myself. He was 
familiar with the country through which we passed, and was careful to point 
out the places of historic interest and to draw our attention to the beauties 
of the scenery, so that the time passed delightfully. I recur with pleasure 
also to the hospitality received from him and his wife at his fine ancestral 
home at Windham. Other kindnesses will long be remembered. 

The following extract from an article in the Boston Post, while 
containing some repetitions of former matter, presents such a true 
picture of the man that it is given here in addition to the above : 

As a man, Mr. Anderson was simple, fearless and courteous. His busi- 
ness characteristics were his strong common sense and his integrity. 
Thoroughly independent and possessed of a strong individuality, he was 
yet above all else a very fair man. These qualities, joined to his never- 
failing courtesy, made him a frequent arbiter both in private and public 
matters. Unlike his father, Mr. Anderson never entered active politics. 
He was a strong andlife-lonor Democrat, and an earnest believer in President 
Cleveland and his administration. Almost all his life, however, he held 
some official position, to which he was constantly appointed by his political 
opponents. His recreation lay in history, biography and agriculture. He 
had been president of the Maine Agricultural Society, and at one time owned 
at the well-known Anderson farm in Windham the finest Devon cattle in 
this country. Among his friends he was loved for his genial nature and 
entire unselfishness. His courtesy and thoughtfulness extended to all men, 
and he was always watching for the opportunity to do a kindness. He 



132 John Farwell Anderson, [April, 

never made an enemy. Through almost fifty years of married life be was 
a most devoted husband and father. He will be mourned by all who knew 
him, and he died leaving the world the better for his having lived in it. 
He leaves a widow, three daughters and an only brother, General S. J. 
Anderson, collector of the port of Portland. The Portland Argus says 
editorially, " By the death of John F. Anderson the State loses an excellent 
citizen and faithful official, the city of Portland one of its most esteemed 
citizens, and his friends and acquaintances a man endeared to them by his 
kindliness of heart, his cheerfulness of disposition, his honesty, his unfailing 
courtesy and the other qualities that go to make up the perfect gentleman/' 

Many other testimonials have been received, all expressing warm 
appreciation of the high qualities of the man, and strong attach- 
ment to the friend. Among these are Hon. S. L. Goodale, Dr. 
William B. Lapham, of Augusta, Hon. F. M. Ray, S. M. Watson, 
Esq., and Alexander Wadsworth Longfellow, Esq., of Portland. 

The following official testimonial of the corporation with which he 
was most closely identified, appropriately closes the list, selected 
from many, as covering his career in various directions : 

Resolutions in respect to the Memory of John Farwell Anderson, died at 

Portland, Me., December 25, 1887. 

The Directors of the Portland & Ogdensburg Railway, sharing in the 
general sorrow at the death of John F. Anderson, the Chief Engineer of 
this Railroad from its commencement until his death, desire to place upon 
the records of the Board their acknowledgment of his faithful services and 
their admiration of his character. 

Resolved, that the enduring gratitude of the Corporation is due to him 
who for twenty years, animated with enthusiastic faith in the undertaking 
and guided by high professional judgment and skill, rendered this Railroad 
the most intelligent and devoted service. His work on its location and 
construction through the White Mountains has illustrated his character aud 
ability as an Engineer. All that patience, study and thought could do to 
obtain the best results for the Railroad and the public, he gave in unstinted 
measure. The traveller, as he enters among the impressive scenery of the 
mountains made easy to his view by the genius of the Chief Engineer, will 
exclaim, as he wonders at the skill which surmounted such obstacles, that 
our Railroad is his best monument. 

Resolved, that any expression of the feelings of this Board in admiration 
of his labors as Chief Engineer would be inadequate without leaving upon 
our records a token of our esteem for him as a man. A modest, kind and 
courteous gentleman, a citizen without fear and without reproach, no one 
could come in contact with him in the transaction of public business and not 
be struck by his singleuess of purpose, his uprightness of mind, and hi3 
devotion to his duties. And all these were adorned by an urbanity of 
demeanor which conciliated opposition and won assent to his views. His 
official papers have left a faithful record of the difficulties encountered and 
the triumphs secured in the building of the road. His example and his life 
have left to every one connected with this Company a lesson of performance 
of duty not less valuable than the skill he exhibited in its construction. 
Let us indulge the hope that this work of his genius may long survive to 
perpetuate his memory and to bring honor and strength to his native city. 



1889.] Thomas CormvalUs of Maryland. 133 



THOMAS CORNWALLIS AXD THE EARLY 
MARYLAND COLONISTS. 

By Edward I). Neill, D.D., Saint Paul, Minnesota. 

IN the church of Erwarton, the quiet Suffolk parish, near Ipswich, 
England, at the entrance of the north door, may be seen, on a 
flat stone, an inscription to the memory of Penelope, who came to 
Maryland as the youthful bride of Thomas Cornwallis, the leading- 
spirit and chief councillor among the earliest colonists of that Prov- 
ince. A brass tablet, on the floor of the north aisle of the same 
church, marks the resting place of the remains of the Maryland coun- 
cillor's mother, while another slab within the chancel in Latin sen- 
tences tells the reader that the councillor's son Thomas was forty- 
five years the pious and laborious Rector of the Parish. 

Of all the founders of England's colonies in North America, too 
little has been known of Thomas Cornwallis, while few were more 
active in maintaining the principles of Magna Charta, and in la vino* 
the foundations of civilization. In the days of Richard the Second, 
when insurgents like Wat Tyler were hooting in the streets of Lon- 
don, his ancestor was sheriff, and old Stow in his " Survay of Lon- 
don " writes that in the church of Saint Martin in Vintry Ward 
was buried in 1384 "Thomas Cornwalles one of the Shirriffes." 

A descendant of the Sheriff was Sir John of Brome Hall, Suffolk, 
who was knighted for his bravery at Morlaix in Bretagne. His son, 
Sir Thomas, was a member of the Privy Council of Queen Mary, the 
Governor of Calais, and a short time before its surrender was re- 
called and made Comptroller of the Queen's Household. He built 
Brome Hall, a fine mansion, and Englishmen in their chagrin at the 
loss of Calais, improperly connecting his name with the transaction, 
in pasquinades asked — 

" Who built Brome Hall? Sir Thomas Cornwallis. 
How did he build it? By selling Calais. 
Sir Thomas Cornwallis what got you from Calais? 
Brome Hail, Brome Hall, as large as a palace." 

The second son of the founder of Brome Hall was Sir Charles, 
the grandfather of the Maryland councillor, a firm adherent of the 
Church of England, and sent by James the First as Ambassador to 
Spain. The father of the American colonist, Sir William, was a 
son of the Ambassador, and respected for his virtue and talents, and 
the author of several essays. An uncle of the Maryland pioneer 
married Anna, daughter of Samuel Bevercott the postmaster of 
Scrooby, whose successor was William Brewster, subsequently the 
leader of the Puritans which landed at Plymouth Rock, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Thomas, of Maryland fame, was the second son of Sir William, 
vol. xliii. 13 



134 Thomas Cornwallis of Maryland. [April, 

knight, and when young was engaged in mercantile pursuits in Lon- 
don. Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, bad obtained a pa- 
tent for the Province of Maryland, carved out of the fairest portion 
of old Virginia, but Baltimore was very poor, and to profit from his 
land-grant it was necessary to enlist some who had commercial 
credit. In a letter to Wentworth, the Earl of Stratford, written in 
1633, he mentions that he had found a iew willing to adventure their 
persons, and invest money in founding a colony. 

An organizatian was effected, and Leonard Calvert, a brother of 
the Proprietor, and of little force of character, was made Governor, 
while Thomas Cornwallis, of some means and with distinguished and 
influential relatives, was made the chief commissioner of the Mary- 
land colony. 

By holding out the inducement of good land and a pleasant cli- 
mate, a number of persons, chiefly poor and illiterate, embarked 
in the ship Ark, in 1633, for the Chesapeake Bay. Before they 
left the Thames, as required by law, they took an oath in which 
each said, "I do abjure as impious and heretical the damnable doc- 
trine and position that Princes which be excommunicated or de- 
prived by the Pope may be deposed or murdered by their subjects." 

The few gentlemen who accompanied the emigrants, sailed in a 
small pinnace named the Dove, and less than twenty of these reached 
the Province. Two were brothers of the Proprietor, two were sons 
of Sir John Winter, Knight, two were Jesuit missionaries, but the 
moneyed men were of the Church of England, Thomas Cornwallis and 
his partner, John Saunders, and the factor of the colony Justinian 
Snow. 

A few months after they settled at Saint Mary, Saunders who 
partly owned the Dove went to Boston to trade. Governor Win- 
throp, under date of August 29, 1634, wrote that rT the Dove, a 
pinnace of about fifty tons, came from Maryland upon Potomack 
river, with corn to exchange for fish and other commodities. The 
Governor Leonard Calvert and two of the commissioners wrote to 
make offer of trade for corn, and the Governor of Virginia wrote also 
in their behalf, and one Captain Young wrote to make offer to deliver 
cattle here. Near all the company came sick hither, and the merchant 
died within a week after." 

The merchant was Saunders, by whose will Cornwallis became 
executor. A few years latter the factor of the Province, Justinian 
Snow, died. The Captain Young alluded to by Winthrop was a 
native of London, the first explorer of the Kennebec River, and in 
1636 was captured by the French, carried to Quebec, and from 
thence to France.* 

* Capt. Thomas Young was the son of Gregory Young, Grocer, of Comhill, London, 
baptized on I6rh of August, 1579, in St. Peter's Church, when six days old. On the 19th 
of October, 1590, Thomns Young's sister Susan married Robert Evelyn, Armorer, son of 
George Evelyn, and in 1592 George Evelyn, in manhood the commander of Ken: Island, 
Maryland, son of Robert Evelyn and his wife Susan, was born on Monday, the 31st of 
January. 



1889.] Thomas Cornwallis of Maryland. 135 

The advent of Baltimore's colony was deplored by the Virginians. 
Charles the First, without the slightest regard to their rights, had 
given to a court-favorite the shores and tributaries of Chesapeake 
Bay. Palmer's Island in the Susquehanna River, before the charter 
of Maryland was sealed, had been a place of trade for Virginians. 
Here Edward Palmer of London, whose sister was the mother of the 
poet Overbury, in his will made A.D. 1624, provided, if all issue 
failed, for the founding of an institution to be known as " Academia 
Virginiensis et Oxoniensis." At the time that Governor Calvert 
and party arrived, William Clayborne, a member of a respectable 
Cumberland family, who had been Surveyor General of Virginia, with 
the aid of London merchants was largely engaged in trade with the 
Indians in the Chesapeake region, and determined not to surrender 
what he considered his rights under the laws of England. 

In the spring of 1635, Cornwallis proceeded to search for English 
traders who had no license under the seal of Maryland. He found 
Charles Harrnar, a son of the Warden of Winchester, and a brother 
of the distinguished Greek scholar of Oxford University, trading in 
a small vessel of Clayborne's called the Long Tail, without a Mary- 
land license, and seized it. The owner was at Kent Island in Ches- 
apeake Bay, and he sent a boat under RatelifF Warren and thirteen 
others to rescue his property. 

On the 23d of April, Warren met Cornwallis with two boats in 
Pocomoke River, and a fight took place resulting in the death of one 
Marylander and three Virginians. The first legislature of Maryland 
of which we have a record, met in January, 1638, and Cornwallis 
was the leading spirit. Governor Leonard Calvert was always weak 
and inefficient, and declared that the legislature had not the power 
to originate any laws, but Cromwell resisted this idea and succeeded 
in obtaining a committee whose bills as reported were passed as laws. 
Heretofore every freeman was entitled to a seat in the body, if not 
in person, by proxy, but at this session it was enacted that two bur- 
gesses in each hundred elected by the freeman thereof, should be 
representatives. 

The next legislature met in February, 1639, and it was ordered 
that " Holy Church within this Province shall have all her rights 
and liberties." King James had defined the Church of England as 
the "Holy Mother Church," and expressed his determination "to 
maintain and defend the Holy Church and the rights and liberties of 
the same." The Charter of Maryland provided that all places of 
worship should be under the canons of the Church of England. 

The Jesuit missionaries were zealous and exemplary in their lives, 
but the laws of the Province hampered their movements, and another 
great difficulty was that more than three fourths of the first colonists 
were Protestants and not Roman Catholics. In letters to their 
Superior in England which have been preserved, they write that they 
dwelt " in a country depending wholly upon England for subsistence, 



136 Thomas Cornwallis of Maryland. [April, 

where there is not, nor cannot be until England is re-united to the 
Church, any ecclesiastical discipline established, nor the Catholic 
religion publicly allowed." They also mention that three out of 
four persons in Maryland are heretics, and that the members of the 
Church of Rome "are for the most part poor." 

Cornwallis was really the only man of substance, paid the largest 
taxes, and had the greatest number of white servants. These serv- 
ants, indentured for a term of years, were bigoted, as ignorant 
people usually are, and hated the Pope, while their overseer, also a 
bigot, looked upon the Pope as the Infallible Vicegerent of Christ. 
There was a chapel near the Cornwallis plantation, where the serv- 
ants used to attend service, where Protestant books were used. 
One day, in the spring of 1G38, some of these servants were in the 
overseer's house, listening to the reading of some printed sermons by 
a divine of the Church of England. The overseer lost his temper, 
and was abusive. The servants then complained to the Court of the 
indignities "daily suffered from William Lewis of St. Inegoes, who 
saith that our ministers are ministers of the Divell, and further saith, 
that those servants w'ch are under his charge shall not keep nor 
reade any book w'ch doth apperteine to our religion, within the house 
of the said William Lewis, to the great discomfort of those poor 
bondsmen who are under his subjection." The Court censured 
Lewis for his "contumelious speeches, and ill-governed zeal," and 
made him pay a fine. 

At this time there was in the Province, Andrew White, a Jesuit 
missionary, and Thomas White, a minister of the Church of England. 
In 1639 the latter was about sixty years old, and united in mar- 
riage John Hollis and Kestituta Tue, servants of Cornwallis. This 
clergyman may have been the Thomas White, who in 1621 came to 
Virginia, described by the London Company as " a man of good 
sufficiencies for learning," and of whom Margaret Brent in 1648 
told the Provincial Court that "lately deceased, out of the tender love 
and affection he bore unto her, intended, if he had lived, to have mar- 
ried her, and did bv his last will give unto her his whole estate." 

The tobacco planters of Maryland felt that is was not good for man 
to be alone, and in the absence of better, married white servant maids. 
Sir Edmund Plowden, the grandson of the English jurist, before 
Baltimore obtained a grant of Maryland, secured a patent for lands 
around Delaware Bay. Plowden was quarrelsome, unprincipled, and 
unkind to his wife. After being confined in Fleet Prison, London, 
he engaged a number of servants to go with him to Xova Albion. 
He stopped in Virginia, and in February, 164*2, Ann Fletcher a 
lame maid, and two sisters Jane and Eleanor Stevenson, left his ser- 
vice, came over to Maryland, where, in 1644, Eleanor became the 
wife of William Brainthwaite, a" loving kinsman of Lord Baltimore." 
A Maryland councillor also sold one of his servants to Francis Brooke 
for a wife. 



1889.] Thomas Comwallis of Maryland. 137 

Among the first sale of negro servants is that made by Richard 
Bennett, when a Virginia merchant, to Thomas Corn wall is. About 
the year 1643 he sold two Africans for fifty pounds sterling. From 
that period black laborers increased. Bennett after this was made 
Governor of Maryland by Cromwell. He was the nephew of Ed- 
ward Bennett a London merchant, who had been Deputy Governor 
of the English traders at Delft, Holland. 

"While Bennett did not shrink from selling negroes, he sent a 
letter to Boston, by his brother Philip, asking that some Puritan 
ministers might be sent to preach the "pure gospel" to the non-con- 
formists in Xansemond county, Virginia. After a few years these 
dissenters moved to the vicinity of Annapolis, Maryland. Subse- 
quently a grandson of Bennett owned thirteen hundred negro slaves, 
and lies buried at Bennett's Point, Queen Anne County, Maryland. 

The contrast between the pecuniary condition of the Caiverts, in 
1640, and Thomas Cornwaliis was very great. Cecil Calvert, Lord 
Baltimore, was obliged to depend upon his father-in-law, Lord 
Arundel, for the subsistence of his wife and children, while his 
brother Leonard, the Governor of Maryland, had little more than 
his every day apparel. 

Thomas Cornwaliis, however, to use his own w T ords : r? By God's 
blessing upon his endeavours, had acquired a settled and comfortable 
subsistence, having a dwelling house furnished with plate, linen 
hangings, bedding, brass, pewter, and all manner of household stuff 
worth at least a thousand pounds, about twenty servants, a hundred 
cattle, a great stock of swine and goats, some sheep and horses, a 
new pinnace of about twenty tons besides a shallop and other small 
boats." 

There is an error widely prevalent in Maryland and Virginia that 
the brick used in the construction of the early buildings was brought 
from England, which would have been as poor business policy as 
" carrying coals to Xew Castle." When the Maryland colonists stopped 
at the entrance of James Biver, the Governor Harvey of Virginia 
tendered them the use of brick made there. Governor Berkeley's 
house near Jamestown was built of brick burned in the neighbor- 
hood. The church at Jamestown, now in ruins, built after 1673, 
and the magazine also, were built of bricks made in the colony. It 
is not, then, surprising, in view of the erection of a new mansion 
not far from the Indian town of Potopaco, on the Potomac, now 
known as Port Tobacco, that Cornwaliis should have contracted 
with one Cornelius Canada, formerly a servant of Governor Green, 
for more than fifty thousand well burned bricks. 

In the year 1641, Cornwaliis visited London, and found its citi- 
zens greatly stirred. Charles the First, personally amiable, by a 
vacillating policy had lost the confidence of the solid men of the 
city. The Earl of Strafford, the friend of Lord Baltimore, had been 
impeached for treason, and by the cowardice of the King was executed. 
vol. xliii. 13* 



138 Thomas Cornwallis of Maryland. [April, 

Cornwallis was not inclined to fanaticism either in politics or 
religion, but he thought that it was the duty of the King to execute 
the legislation of Parliament. Lunsford, an outlaw and profligate, 
but a hater of "round-heads," was now a pet of the King and 
knighted, but subsequently wandered to Virginia, and a monument 
to his memory may be seen in the church yard at Williamsburg. 

In December Cornwallis had returned to Maryland, in a vessel 
commanded by a well known captain, Richard Ingle, and the next 
Spring was in the legislature resisting the arbitrary course of Gov- 
ernor Calvert. After war had been declared between the King and 
Parliament, Lord Baltimore issued an order for the re-organization 
of the Province, and sent over new commissions for the councillors, 
which omitted a clause of the old, "saving my allegiance to the 
crown of England." In the Assembly of 1652, Cornwallis refused 
to take the oath of councillor, but performed all the duties of a good 
citizen, and the next year was made leader of a force against the 
Susquehanna Indians, and the stockade at Palmer's Island was called 
Fort Conquest. The writer of "Nova Albion" mentions that Cap- 
tain Cornwallis, "that noble, right valiant and politic soldier killed 
with fifty-three of his raw and tired Marylanders twenty nine 
Indians." 

During the summer of 1642, Captain Ingle sailed from the Ches- 
apeake for London, with a valuable cargo, but during a storm his 
ship sprung a leak, and with torn sails he reached Boston, and after 
the vessel was repaired proceeded on his voyage, and when he en- 
tered the Thames, learned that the King was at Oxford and at war 
with Parliament. In February, 1643, under a commission from 
Parliament he appeared in the waters of Accomac County, Virginia, 
and when the authorities asked him to come ashore he replied 
he would with his " curtelaxe " and cut off the head of any 
one who would attempt his arrest. In April, he appeared in the 
Potomac River, and told some of the settlers that Prince Rupert 
was " a traitor and a rogue, and if he had him on board of his ship 
he would whip him at the capstan." There was a good deal of swag- 
ger about Ingle, and it is possible that if he were now alive he 
would not refuse a glass of Accomac peach brandy. 

The Provincial authorities were shocked by Ingle's language, and 
ordered his arrest for treason. While Cornwallis knew that Ingle 
had not bridled his tongue, yet he was then in sympathy with the 
opponents of the King, and, to use his own words, "to show his 
affection to Parliament," found means to free Ingle, his ship and 
cargo. The acting Governor of Maryland was indignant, arrested 
Cornwallis, and brought him before the Court, where he was declared 
guilty, and fined the highest amount allowed bylaw. 

It became expedient for Cornwallis to go to England in Ingle's 
ship, and he arrived before John Hampden the patriot was mortally 
wounded while leading his regiment. 



1889.] Thomas Cornwall-is of Maryland, 139 

The relatives of Cornwallis were not extreme partisans, although 
some were in the confidence of the King. In August, 1643, Parlia- 
ment authorized Richard Ingle in the ship Reformation to cruise in 
Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, and Cornwallis entrusted him 
with goods for trading purposes. In February, 1645, the Reforma- 
tion appeared at the mouth of St. Inigos Creek, and conspiring with 
some of the servants of the absent Cornwallis sacked his house. 
When he came back to London, he charged Cornwallis with being a 
malignant, as a royalist was called. After a tedious dispute, Ingle 
made some reparation. 

It was not until the year 1652 that Cornwallis came back to 
Maryland, and displayed his wonted energy and public spirit. While 
visiting in England, he fell in love with Penelope, the daughter of 
John Wiseman of Tyrrels in county Essex, and in 1657, when she 
was twenty-one years of age, she became his wife, and the young bride 
accompanied him to the wilds of America : but in two years he went 
back to England and became a merchant in London, and it is prob- 
able that the house known as Maryland Point, Essex, now in the 
suburbs of that city, was built by him on lands leased of Thomas 
Bland, whose relatives were tobacco planters in Virginia. Advanced 
in years he retired to the ancestral home in Suffolk, and in 1676 
died at Burnham Thorpe. His wife survived him many years, and 
on the slab at Erwarton Church to which allusion has been made, is 
the following inscription : 

" Here Lyeth the Body of 
Penelope Daughter of John 
Wiseman Esq r , and wife of 

Thomas Cornwallis Esq r 

son of William Cornwallis 

y e younger, K't. By whom 

she had 10 children, 4 sons, 

William, Thomas, John, and John, 

& 6 daughters Frances, Penelope, 

Penelope, Katherine, Penelope, 

& Mary. She died Nov r 7th 

Anno Dom. 1693 

Aged 57." 

Her second son, Thomas, was born in July, 1661, and in boy- 
hood went to the Charter House School. After passing through a 
college course of study, he became a clergyman, and the last forty* 
five years of his life ministered in the church where the Parkers, the 
ancestors of his maternal grandfather, had worshipped for many gene- 
rations. The tourist who now enters Erwarton Church can read the 
following : 



140 Letters of Nathaniel JS r oyes. [April, 

" Dejicimur non perditus. 
> Hie jacet sepultus Thomas Cornwallis 

Hujus ecclesirc per annos 45 Rectorfidelis, 

* * * qui per uxorem suam Mariana, 

filiam Ivoberti Cock de Wherstead, Geuerosi, 

Mulierorum prudentissiinam, cum qua 

Connubis per annos 44, amantissime vixit. 

Prolem babuit numerosam, quorum omnium 

Supersuut Alius Gulielmus et filia 

Anna, nupta Joaniri Gaillard de Ludwig, 

Armiij* Obiit 11 die Julii 

Anno Dom. 1731 

JEtati 70 

Abi lector, et oemulari." 



LETTERS OF NATHANIEL NOYES TO WILLIAM 
HENSHAW, 1774-1775. 

Communicated by Miss Harriet E. Hexshaw, of Leicester, Mass. 

AMONG the papers left by a friend long ago deceased, are 
portions of the correspondence of Nathaniel Noyes with this 
friend. The following letters and fragments of letters are all that 
have escaped total loss. They relate some important events then trans- 
piring, with a vehement and forcible style expressive of the prevailing 
fears, beliefs and purposes, and add their testimony to the great 
struggle then made for freedom from oppression. They seem 
designed for places, as journeying then was, remote from the scene 
of action and source of information, and were sent by some confi- 
dential friend, to be delivered in person, or placed in charge of one 
equally trusty. 

The writer, Nathaniel Noyes, was born at Boston Dec. 20, 1743. 
He was a Latin school boy of the class 1752, completing his course 
in seven years. Benjamin Dolbeare and John Jeffries, M.D., were 
of Noyes's class, both in the Latin school and at Harvard College, 
where he graduated 1763, where his father Belcher Noyes also 
graduated 1727, and his grandfather Oliver Noyes, 1G95. The dis- 
tinguished Jedediah Huntington, S. Salter Blowers and Timothy 
Pickering were also his college classmates. He was called " Doctor," 
and established an apothecary store, in what is now called Faneuil 
Square, where he resided, and which had been his father's residence. 
Mr. Noyes was among those whose testimony was taken concerning 
the Boston Massacre. His deposition is as follows : 



1889.] Letters of Nathaniel Noyes. 141 

Nathaniel Noyes of lawful age, testifies and says that on last Sabbath 
evening, the 4th day of March current, a little after dark, he saw five or 
six soldiers of the 14th and 19th Regiments, each of them with clubs, passing 
thro' Fore Street, and heard them say that " if they saw any of the 
inhabitants of this Town out in the streets after 9 o'clock, they swore by 
God, thev would knock them down, be they who they will." 

Suffolk Ss. Mch 16, 1770. Nath 1 Noyes. 

Belcher Noyes was one of the Justices before whom this Deposition 
was sworn. 

Having a liberal education, descended from educated, wealthy, 
and influential families, and allied by marriage to others of distinction 
in several respects, it is probable that he could maintain an important 
influence anions his associates. At the time of writing these letters, 
he seems to have been closely employed in various offices necessary 
to the public good and safety, being one of the Committee of Ways 
and Means, Clerk of Inspection, &c. This correspondence must 
have ceased soon after the date of the last letter. 

Mr. Noyes's name appears, in 1782, as Clerk of the Continental 
Loan Office. In 1789 he was Secretary of the Massachusetts 
Charitable Association, and as such he signed a call for a meeting of 
said Society at the Bunch of Grapes Tavern, State Street, Dec. 7, 
1789. 

He continued to occupy the same spot as a residence, until within 
a few years of his decease which occurred March 29, 1823. Mr. 
Noyes had three wives, but no children. 

The one addressed by this correspondence, William Henshaw, 
was also a Boston boy, born Sept. 20, 1735. At the South Gram- 
mar school, under Master John Lovell, he was pursuing a course 
preparatory for College, when his studies were interrupted by his 
father's removal to his estate, Leicester, Mass. But he diligently 
applied himself to books, and in the retirement of country life 
improved such opportunities as he had at home, at the same time 
gaining a knowledge of agriculture. At the age of 23, as 2d Lieut. 
he joined a Worcester Co. Kegiment, commanded by Brigadier 
Timothy Ruggles, for the conquest of Canada. After one campaign, 
he was transferred to the British troops under Gen. Amherst. He 
was afterwards for a few years engaged in mercantile life. Fre- 
quent visits to his native town, and communications w T ith relatives 
and friends devoted in heart and purse to the patriot cause, kept 
him well acquainted with the principal occurrences of the times. 
Some of these friends made his town their dwelling place or resort, 
when obliged to flee from Boston. They were in correspondence 
with leading spirits in distant part3, Jedediah Huntington, Samuel 
Adams and Joseph Warren. One of these temporary residents 
was Joshua Henshaw, jun., another classmate of Nathaniel Noyes, 
who could corroborate some of his statements. These advantages, 
added to natural abilities, made Mr. Henshaw influential in hi3 



- 






:K<f 



142 Letters of Nathaniel IToyes. [April, 

community, and aided in moulding public opinion. He was often 
on the board of select-men, and presided over their meetings. At 
the time when the letters herewith given were permed, Mr. Hen- 
shaw, who had served as Town Clerk most laboriously and untir- 
ingly, had long been in communication with William Cooper, wa3 
now an active member of the Committee of Correspondence for the 
county of Worcester, which first met at Worcester Aug. 9, 1774, 
when he was Clerk of the Convention, which continued by adjourn- 
ment till May 31, 1775. It is related by some historian that "In these 
meetings Mr. Henshaw took an important part in its proceedings." 
On the 21st Sept. the Convention advised to the "organizing and 
officering" seven regiments of troops in the county, and upon the 
motion of Mr. Henshaw, recommended that one-third of the men of 
the respective towns between 16* and GO years of age, be enlisted, 
"to be ready to act at a minute's warning* and that each town 
in the county choose a sufficient number of men as a committee to 
support and supply those troo])s that shall move on any emergency. 
This was the origin of that most ejjicient organization known as 
"minute-men ," who evinced their claim to this title by the prompt- 
ness with which they acted. A regiment of these "minute-men" 
was then organized in Worcester County, of which Mr. Henshaw was 
elected Colonel," and as such marched on the eventful 19th April to 
Cambridge, Where he served in various capacities, one of them being 
as a member of the Council of War, acting in connection with the 
Committee of Safety in reconnoitring the heights about Cambridge 
and Charlestown, and as chairman of a sub-committee of Council of 
War, signing a report of the same. 

In the following June he obtained a discharge from the army and 
returned home, but was soon commissioned by the Provincial Con- 
gress, Adj. General. After the arrival of Adj. General Gates, he 
continued as his assistant in that office until Jan. 177(3, when Gen. 
Washington personally solicited his acceptance of the command of a 
regiment, offering him the choice of three. This he declined because, 
after consultation with officers of those regiments, he considered such 
arrangement injurious to the service, but consented to be a Lieut. 
Col. under Col. Little. In the sickness and absence of Col. Little, 
the command devolved upon him much of that following year. He 
was again offered the command of a regiment by Gen. Washington, 
and still again by the Continental Congress. But knowing the 
ranks were to be recruited, and that old officers were desirous of 
promotion, he declined ; remaining, however, a month after the 
expiration of the term of service, and the eventful and decisive battle 
of Princeton. In March, 1777, he left head quarters and returned 
to his home and the more inviting pursuits of civil life, entering 
immediately upon a course of active labors in co-operation with 
Army service. Again he was with Committees of Correspondence, 
of Safety and Supplies. In those years he several times represented 



1889.] Letters of JSathaniel JVoyes. 143 

his town in the General Court. In company with a townsman of 
eminence, he was a Delegate to the Convention for framing a State 
Constitution, where, it is stated, "they held an honorable position, 
and took an important part in its proceedings, especially as members 
of its committees." This was a happy point in his history, as he 
saw so much of the world and wisdom of the State assembled 
for an object so great in importance and consequences. It was with 
a keen sense of enjoyment that he there met so many personal friends 
who had borne their share in the great conflict, some being in a 
greater or less degree his kinsmen : John Adams, of his own age, 
having so great a share in the formation of the Constitution, and 
destined to be President of all the States ; Increase Sumner and 
Samuel Henshaw from Milton, who had rendered important service 
in the discovery of Gov. Hutchinson's letter book, &c, and who 
received the first appointment as Collector of Customs, Boston, after- 
wards Judge of Probate at Northampton. 

Col. Henshaw was commissioned as Justice of the Peace, by Gov. 
Hancock, and in due time, of the Quorum ; and by every succeeding 
Governor, the last being his companion-in-arms, and highly esteemed 
friend, Gov. John Brooks. As an acting Magistrate he performed 
much business in his county, and had various appointments under 
the national administration. Col. Henshaw was held in great 
esteem by the citizens of Leicester, where he died Feb. 20, 1820. 

No. I. 

Boston July 13 th 1774. 
Kind Sir, 

Yours of the 9 th Instant came safe to hand, & beg leave by the same 
Conveyance to acknowledge, the favourable Notice you are pleased to take 
of mine, & your readiness to maintain a Correspondence. 

The Resolves of your Town & Districts you were pleased to send me, 
are noble, & discover a firm, resolute, & determined spirit to oppose the 
Efforts of ministerial Tyranny — As I have an Opp 7 of conversing with most 
of our good Patriots & the Committee of Correspondence, shall he able to 
communicate to you the most authentic intelligence which centers here from 
every part of the American Continent. It is with pleasure I can acquaint 
you of the noble spirit & friendship of our good Brethren in Charlestovvn, 
S° Carolina,* who have subscribed one thousand Barrells of Rice, 204 
Barrells of which came yesterday in a Vessell from that place, consigned 
to the care of Jn° Hancock, John Rowe, & Sam 1 Adams, Esq", to be dis- 
tributed at the Discretion of the Overseers & the Committee of Ways & 
Means, for the Releif of the industrious poor. 

I would observe to you S T , that the 204 Barrells are the Donation of 
twenty Gentlemen, who have order'd M r Rowe to pay the freight. & draw 
on them, to prevent the Town being at any charge. The remainder will be 
sent as soon as their Crops are gathered in. Our Committee have received 
Letters from Baltimore in Maryland who have had large County Meetings, 

• See Reqisteb, vol. 30, p. 378. 



144 Letter of Nathaniel JVoyes. [April* 

and resolved to stop the Exportation of Tobacco to Great Britain. In 
Consequence of this, two Vessells partly freighted with this commodity, 
were immediately unloaded — They directly forwarded their Resolutions to 
Virginia, for their Example which, no doubt, will be followed with spirit 
& unanimity. Thus kind Providence has raised up the whole Continent, 
as our Friends and Benefactors ; & I can assure you, Sir, that We in this 
Town (a few mercenary Tools excepted), strengthened & encouraged. 

Friends in the Country, who, I trust, are too well aware of their low 
Cunning &, Sophistry to be deceived into any mistaken Notions. The 
British Ministry have taken every Measure to divide & deceive, but the 
Blade of the Hook is too visible to Any but weak, ignorant, & unsuspecting 
Minds, who perhaps may be decoyed by the Bait. The Addressers and 
Protesters meet with a cool Reception in the Country, & especially at 
Norwich, in Connecticut, where one of them went, & being known as one 
of that wretched Group, was ordered immediately to leave the Town, or 
mount the Cart, which was prepared for him ; finding the Country too warm 
at this season, he came to Town last evening, & waited on his Excellency 
to inform of his treatment. 

By our last advices from London, we hear of the death of the King of 
France, & the Ministry's unwillingness to believe it, is strong evidence of 
the truth of it. This, 'tis thought, will inevitably produce a War. — This is 
all I have at present to write, you are at liberty to communicate this to your 
Committee, that they and the good people of the Town may know the 
hearty Disposition of our Brethren in the Colonies. 

Any letters to our Committee, you may direct to me & they shall be 
carefully delivered. I am, Sir, 

With all due Respects, 

Your Friend <$c Servant, Nath 11 Note3. 

P.S. I shall not publish anything without your permission. 



No. II. 

[The upper portion of this letter is missing.] 



force in their Bowels, but Sir, we are not intimidated at the Noise of 
Troops. Our meeting will be adjourned from year to year, till our 
Grievances are redressed, & confiding in the promis'd Support & Assist- 
ance of our Provincial Brethren, we shall persevere with the usual spirit 
& firmness, "any Laws or Acts to the contrary notwithstanding." M r 
Justice Gridley (one of the Bastards born & christen'd in the expiring 
Administration of that infamous Traytor & perjur'd Hypocrite, Tho 3 H — 
h — n) has been exercising his authority, on the complaint of a Soldier 
against M r Harris of this town, Baker, for encourage him to desert. M r 
Justice hearing the Soldier's plea, immediately finYl M r Harris £10— & 
hi3 Servants £5 sterling. Mr. Harris desir'd leave to bring in Evidence to 
acquit himself of the Charge — This Justice in a very insolent manner told 
him the King wanted no such Evidence, & dismissed him without hearing 
his Defence. — This is done with a View to breed Confusion & Disorder, & 



1889.] Letters of Nathaniel Noyes. 145 

Wo be to those infernal "Wretches if ever an Insurrection begins : We shall 
never be at peace, till [ ] of these worthless Canker Worms are 

crush'd by the vengeance of a too long injure! & insulted people. I have 
one thing to offer to your consideration which I hope will not pass unnoticed 
by the Country. There are those among the Addressers & Scotch Men who 
have been free to say, the Country people will not stand to their agreement, 
& only mean to deceive Boston, for they would buy Goods, had they any 
among them to sell, — Sc are employing a Number of Pedlars to go into 
the Country & sell for them. The Country People will treat them, 
I hope, with the utmost severity, & punish them according to the Laws of 
the Land & the Times. Please to give notice of this to your Friends 
around you, & circulate it by advertising publickly, which will frustrate the 
Design. We have now certain News of the death of the King of France, 

confirmed by Vessells from other parts, this will make a very material 

Alteration in the system of Politics. 

Agreeable to your Desire, have shown your Resolves enclosed in a for- 
mer letter, to M r Adams, who approves of them — but I cannot publish them, 
as they are not authenticated by the Town Clerk. This Defect may give 
our Enemies Occasion to question the truth of them ; as they do not regard 
Truth themselves, they are jealous of others. We had another Town 
Meeting last Tuesday, when a Committee of Seven were chose, to advise & 
consult on the best measures to be pursued respecting the other Acts, to 
prevent Confusion & disorder. They also appointed Three to draught a 
circular Letter to every Town & District in the Province, which is accord- 
ingly sent to you, with two other Towns enclosed, which must heg the 
favour of you to forward directly. To our Friends in the Country we look 
for Advice & Example, & hope they will be pleased to afford us all that 
support & Assistance can possibly give. I have nothing further to com- 
municate but my good Wishes for the Welfare & prosperity of the Province, 
& hope you will kindly excuse my being so lengthy at this time. 

I remain 

Your Friend & Servant 

Natk 11 Notes. 



No. in. 

Boston Aug* 13 th 1774 
Sir— 

Your favour of the 30 th ult° came duly to hand, & am pleased to' 
find the Resolution of your County to prevent the Execution, of the two 
last Acts — The Town of Boston at this particular Crisis must greatly govern 
itself by the spirit & firmness of the Country. Our Enemies are advancing 
one step after another, till they drive to a state of Desperation which 
borders ou madness, & which will finally involve them in our destruction. — 
We watch their motions, & use means to counteract them — As a Centinel 
in the Cause of Liberty, I think it my Duty to inform you & our good 
Friends in the Country that a Regiment, we hear, are ordered to march to 
Worcester, one half of which is to march to the County of Berkshire, to 
enforce the two Acts, — it is also confidently reported that some of the 
Jesuitical Tools in your County have wrote for Troops, having the Vanity 
to think that four hundred Men can drive a whole County. Our Committee 
of Correspondence, by a Vote of the Town, appointed fiye Delegates to 

VOL. XLI1I. 14 



146 



Letters of Nathaniel JSFoijes. 



[April, 



represent this Town at a County Congress to be holden on Tuesday next, 
the result of which shall write you when it is known. I herewith send you 
a List of the new-fangled Council.* — 



Tho" Oliver, president 
Foster Hutchinson 
John Erving, Jun r 
Harrison Gray 
"William Pepperell 



Joshua Loring 
Tho 8 Flucker 
James Boutineau 
Joseph Lee 
Isaac Winslow 



Thomas Hutchinson 
Jon 8, Simpson 
Rich d Lechmere 
Isaac Royal 
To consider. William Vassal! 
To consider. Rob 1 Hooper 
To consider. James Russell 
To consider. Joseph Green 
Sam 1 Dan forth 
John Erving Sen r 
Israel Williams 
Jn° Worthington 
dead. Tirn 7 Woodbridjje 



Jn° Chandler 
Tim 7 Pome 
John Murray 
Abijah Willard 
Josiah Edsou 
Daniel Leonard 
Nat. Ray Thomas 
Peter Oliver 
George Watson 
Jere h Powell 
W m Brown 
And w Oliver 
Tim 7 Rubles 



The above 10 are sworn Councillors & sworn Enemies to the Liberties 
of their Country, & ought to be treated as such. — 

Thi3 is all at present, from your Friend & Servant, 

Nath 11 Notes. 

P.S. Please to excuse bad Addressed — 

writing, being in great " To 



haste. 



M r W m Henshaw 
at Leicester." 



No. IV. 

Boston Aug* 30 th , 1774. 
Sir— 

The present alarming Situation of our public affairs constantly pro- 
ducing something new in the political System, it is the Duty & Interest of 
every Individual w r ho regards the Welfare of his sinking Country, to 
communicate every important Event to his Friends in the remotest Corner 
of the Province. The Eyes of the whole Continent are placed upon this 
devoted Province, who are called upon to Stand foremost in the Struggle for 
American Liberty: the noble firmness & resolution of one County is an 
animating & encouraging Example for Opposition to the Other. 

Notwithstanding the artful threats & the dreadful marks of intimi- 
dation which our pitiful Enemies, the dying Faction, are continually using, 
in terrorsm, altho' we are surrounded with Troops, animated by the 
spirit of our good Fellow Country men, we dare be bold in the Cause of 
Liberty, & oppose the scepter'd Tyrants & licensed Robbers of State, with 
all their military myrmidons. Thi3 day the Superior Court met, when the 

* For some notes on the Mandamus Councillors, see Register, vol. 28, p. 61.— Ed. 



1889.] Letters of Nathaniel Nbyes. 147 

recorded Traitor had the impudence to take his seat as Chief Justice, but 
to his great mortification, met wiili that scorn & Contempt he so justly 
deserves. The Grand Jurors & Petit Jurors with a Resolution & firmness 
becoming free born Americans, nobly refused to take the Oaths ; being 
asked the reasons, they informed the Traitor that they had committed them 
to wiiting & were ready to read them to the Court by their permission — 
But guilt staring these sinful wretches in the face, they could not bear to 
hear the Truth, & would not permit the Jurors to read their Reasons. — 
As '.he particulars will be in the paper, I will not trouble you with 
rehearsing. I only write this for the Satisfaction of our good Friends in 
the Country, who may be assured that We in Boston will not sacrifice our 
Rights & Privileges, but are determined to defend them at the expense of 
everything dear to us. 

General Gage is reduced to a miserable dilemma — the Council is daily 
forsaking him — M r Loring the drunken Commodore of Roxbury was waited 
on, by numbers of People, who gave him till Thursday night to consider of 
it, & if he did not resign, they would destroy his house. Danforth & Wins- 
low, Pepperell & Loring it is said, will resign. Poor Boston is become an 
Asylum for a Iiiiyr/Ies, Murray, Edson, Ingersoll Sf Leonard, & all other 
exil'd Wretches who make this their present City of Refuge. We have no 
foreign News. We are all quiet, peaceable, & steady, but firm and deter- 
mined to maintain our Liberties to the last. — Having nothing further to 
communicate, but remain 

Your Humble Servant, 

Natii 11 Notes. 

250 Soldiers are now taking the Powder out of the Powder House 
belong 2 to that Town & County. You are desired to send this news forward 
as fast as possible. 

Sept r 1 st 1774. 
Sir— 

Having finish'd my Letter, think it my Duty to inform you of some 
new Manoeuvres that have taken place. Early this morning 240 Troops 
were convey'd by the boats from the Transports over Winnisimit Ferry to 
land at Mystic and from thence to march to Salem to join the Regiment. 
The Governor is determined to commit the Committee of Correspondence 
of that town to Gaol if they will not give Bonds for holding a Town 
Meeting without his leave — how this affair will end, Time will discover 
— Gage has sent Orders to the Sheriff of Middlesex County to take 
out all the Powder belongs to said County & bring it to Boston. It is 
now on the Road. He & his infamous Councill met Yesterday in Town, 
this Event is supposed to be the Result of their Advice. They have, it is 
said, sent the same Orders to every County Sheriff thro' the Province — I 
send you this advice that you may be in readiness & guard against it. 
How long must we bear these things from a corrupt & abandoned Power — 
We are informed that Gage said he was determined to protect the Court 
at Worcester, at the risque of every man in the Common. A Regiment, we 
hear, are preparing to march for that place. 

\ -*r This in haste, from 

Your Humble Servant 

N. No res. 

Please to keep my Name secret — you may communicate the Advice — I 
shall take the freedom to advise you of every Event. 



148 Letters of Nathaniel yoyes. [April, 

No. V. 

Boston March 22 d 1775. 

Sir 

My deep Engagements in the public business of this town, as Clerk 
of the Committee of Inspection, must plead an apology for my not answer- 
ing yon sooner. It gives me pleasure to find by the Resolutions of our 
Country Friends, the Garrison 'd Traitors against the Liberties of this 
Country, have been dispers'd & brought to order ; these are the People 
who may properly come under the Characters of Rebels & Seditious 
Conspirators against the Peace & Order of Government, & as such I hope 
will be one day treated. This factious Junto have fled from the Resent- 
ment of their Countrymen into the Arms of Tyranny for Protection, & 
make Boston their present Asylum, & will be very conveniently exposed to 
the just Vengeance of their injured Countrymen, if ever they are provoked 
to take up Arms in defence of their Rights & Liberties. Notwithstanding 
the fair promises of an half-witted General, we are continually meeting 
with Insults & abuses of one kind or another, by stopping the Inhabitants 
of Town & Country, as they go in & out of Town, by threats against the 
Selectmen & Committee of Correspondence, & above all, in a late high 
handed offence of tarring & feathering an honest Countryman.* whom they 
seduced & decoyed into the Barracks, and have by this Deed, established the 
Act of Parliam* for tarring & feathering by Royal & military Authority. 
The Committees from Billerica & other towns, waited on the General last 
Wednesday, but he being jealous of the Design of their Errand, absconded, 
they pursued him till they found him at the Admiral's house,- — he agreed 
to receive them the next day. They accordingly waited on him at the time 
appointed; & presented a Remonstrance to him, against the brutal Conduct 
of his Officers & Troops. All the Satisfaction they could obtain was, that 
Coll° Kesbitt who headed this military mob had asked his Pardon, & 
given him satisfaction: they told him it was none to them, he told them 
he understood it was the Custom of the Country to tar & feather, they toid 
him they understood he came to quell all Riots & Tumults of that kind. 
He said he would take care the like should not happen again. 

We have received very agreeable intelligence by the Packet, the Physic 
now begins to work at home, and if it does but restore them to a sound 
State of Body, & they have prudence enough to keep themselves so, they 
will have Reason to bless America for the Portion. — The Merchants at 
length begin to rouse themselves from their dull, sleepy state, more from 
principles of Interest, than any Regard to us. they have chosen Com- 
mittees to present Petitions to the King, and I hope he will [have] sense 
enough for once in seven years to read them, & attend to their importance. 
The West India & Bristol Merchants have joined them, the manufacturing 
Towns & Counties are all in motion for this purpose. Our Friends advise 
Us to keep firm & steady in the pursuit of our Measures, & we shall 
gain our points to our Wishes. We must not relax in the least, but prepare 
for the worst, lest the Ministry should take Us at some unguarded hour. — 
they intend to try a Plan to divide the Colonies, but they are too late in 
the day for this Attempt. 

I hope our good Friends in the Country will not suffer themselves to be 
led away by any flattery, but keep on in a steady pursuit of every Measure 

* Thomas Ditson, Jr., cf Biilerica. See Hazen's History of Billerica, p. 234, and Essex 
Gazette, Salem, Mar. 14, 1775.— Editor. 



1889.] Howard's Notarial Records. 149 

adopted for the Salvation of their Country. I trust, S r , you will not be 
wanting in inculcating this Doctrine. The Tories are confounded at this 
News, & begin to say one to another, What shall We do? They endeavour 
to comfort one another in an unbelief of the Truth of the News. — General 
Gage's Underlings made a Seizure of 13 Boxes of Cartridges last Saturday, 
abused Several Country men going out of Town, Stopp'd their Carts, & 
Search'd them, cut them in a cruel manner, & are continually guilty of 
the most brutish & cowardly Actions. They threaten to assassinate Coll 
Hancock & M r Adams. In short, this whole factious Junto seem disposed to 

[The rest is wanting.] 



EXTRACTS FROM HOWARD'S NOTARIAL RECORDS, 

1(370. 

Communicated by "William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

THE following release, powers of attornies, and apprenticeship 
indenture, were copied from the n Fourth booke of the Records 
of the Notary Publicke of the Massachusetts Colonie of New Eng- 
land," kept by Robert Howard, of Boston, Notary Public, who died, 
says Savage, "perhaps early in 1683." 

Page 89. To all whoine it may Concerne, Know yee that whereas 
there hath beene, a difference and severall controversies, betwixt my deere 
and honoured vnkle M r Thomas Purchas of Pudgipscott & myself from 
whence severall suits of law hathrissen, and I haue obtained a Judgm 1 against 
him of nine hundred and od pounds, but finding my said vnckle incapacitated 
to satisfie the same, and for severall reasons vnder his hand given to me, I 
doe hereby wholly remitt pass by & make a nullity of all suits Judgm t8 exe- 
cutions obtayned against him to the day of the date hereof, and also whereas 
there was bequeathed to me by the last will & testiment of my honoured & 
deare father M r George Way of DoiTchester] in the County of Dorsett 
merch*,* and also I find the same in Certayue Articles of Agrem r betwixt my 
vnkle abovesaid & my Father beareing date the. 22j th of April 1633. the 
one moyety or halfendel of a Plantation in Pndgisot in New England I 
doe hereby ffirmely make over to my vnkel M r Thomas Purchas & his 
heiers forever All that my right in the said Plantation that 1 obtayned by 
the aforesaid will or Articles or Patten or any other wayes, Glueing & 
granting to my said vnkle full power to sell bargayne alienate & pas over 
& dispose of as I rayselfe p'sonally did Provided that whatsoeu' land or 
eury p'te thereof shalbe here after sold the one moyety of the effects of it 
shalbe for my proper vse & behoofe, and delivered in spetie to me or my 
heire3 or assignes. AUso that all differences Causes suits actions controver- 
sies what ever arriseing betwixt my vnkle Purchas & my seiie from the 
begining of the world to this day are hereby declared to be ffully compleate 

* For abstract of George Way's will and other matter relating to the Way family, see 
Register, post, pp. 1-51-3. Some notes on the Purchase family will be found, ante, vol. 
33, pp. 319-2 J.— w. 3. t. 

vol. xlhi. 14* 



150 Howard's Notarial Records. [April, 

& ended discharged & satisfied for, In withies of all & every the premisses 
I haue here vnto sett my haud & seale this first of June 1 669. 

p' me Eliezer Way [his seale.] 
Signed, sealed & delivered in the p'sence of vs 
James Androws 
Edward Alleyn 

James Andrewes y e first witness to this appeared the 12 July 1G70, before 
vs and made oath upon the date of the day thereof sworne before vs 

Jn° Lever ktt, V . . , 
Edward Tyxg, j Asslst 

Edward Alleyne appeared the 10th August 1671, & made oath before 
vs that he see Eleazer Way seale & deliuer this writing aboue as his act 
& deede 

{Jn° Leverett Dep* 
Edw Tyng- Assis 1 

This Covenaut have som refference to the 3 bonds sealed, p' said Pur- 
chase vnto said Way & recorded on the 44 & 45 pages afore goeing. [This 
portion of the book is missing.] 

Entered & Recorded at the request of said Purchas in August 1671 

p' Robert Howard Not: publ. 



[Abstracts.] Page 65. 

Betterece Joslen of Nashaway, wife of Abraham Joslen, and Abraham 
Jun r son of said Abraham & Betterece, to Edward Tyng, of Boston, ail 
our right to lands expressed in a deed beareing date July 2, 1663. To 
.haue and to hold. April 29, 1670. 

In presence of John Watkins Robert Howard Not : publ. 

Ackn. same clay. 
Entered Jan. 31, 1670. 

Robert Howard, Not: publ. 

Alee Graves, Relict of Jn° Graves, late of London, Vinter, deceased, 
depute Leiut Wm English, of Boston, New England, my Atturney, to 
demand of M r Wm. P.eade, of Boston, all money due me from said Wm. 
Reade. April 13, 1670. Alice Graves. 

In presence of John Peirce 
William Greenough, William Gerrish, who testified before me. 

Richard Parker, Commissioner, 18. 6. 1670. 
p' Robert Howard not: publ. 
This is a true Coppie of y e originall Recorded 21 Febr. 1670. 

Nathan 1 3Iaxey Cittizen & vint r of London and Alice Graves Relict of 
Jn° Graves, late of London, vint r deceased, constitute Leiu 1 Wm. English, 
of Boston, in New England, our Atturney to recover of 31* Thomas Brattle, 
of Boston, all due to vs, or either of vs. April 13, 1670. In the p'sence 
01 vs, 

William Gerrish, Michael Smith, John Peirce, William Greenough. 
Testified before me 

Richard Parker Commission 1 " 18. 6. 1670. 
Recorded 21 ffebr. 1670. 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 151 

Indenture made April 20, 1G66, betweeno Edward Cooper, of Stepney, 
eo. Middsx. marriner. of the one part, and Thomas Thacher, of Midds z : on 
the other p r witnesseth, that ye said Thomas Thacher of his owne choice, 
Hath put hiraselfe Apprentize with the said Edward Cooper, to serve from 
the day of y e date hereof vntill his first & next arrivall in New England, 
and from & after the day of his said arivall there, for & during y e tearme 
of eight yeares thence next ensueing. And as apprentize, in all respects 
faithfully to serve in such servis and imployments as the said Edward 
Cooper or his assignes shall there ymploy him in, according to the custom 
of the Country in the like kind. In consideration whereof the said master 
doth Covenant with y e said Apprentize to pay for his passage thither, to 
allow his said servant sufficient meate, drink, lodging, apparrell. & all other 
necessaries during the said tearme, and at the end thereof Two Sutes of 
wearing apparrell. 

In p'sence of Thomas Thacher. 

John Colpott, W" Pulford. 

I hereby assigne all my right title & interest of y e within mentioned 
Thomas Thacher vnto Thorn. is Snawsell, for y e tyme & tearme of eight 
yeares he hath ingaged to serve, according to y e w th in Indenture, 9 Aug. 
1666. Edward Cooper. 

Witnesses Elias Mavericke 

John Phillips 
Assignem* acknowledged 21 Aug. 1666, & approved of by vs 
ffrancis Willoughby 
Richard Russell 



Recorded 6 of March 1670. 



p' Robert Howard not: publ. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Reney F. "Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from page 92.] 

George Way of Dorchester in the County of Dorset, merchant. 30 
September 1641 and signed 1 October 1641, proved 3 December 1641. 
I give unto Sarah, my loving wife, the house, burgage and tenement where- 
in I now dwell situate in East side of the North Street in Dorchester afore- 
said, with all outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, and all my 
houses, burgages and tenements, garden and ground in Bridport in the 
said County of Dorset, to hold the same unto my said wife during her life. 
And from and after my wife's decease and from and after Eliezer Way, my 
son, shall attain the age of six and twenty years I do devise and bequeath 
my said lease, burgage and tenement with the appurtenances in Dorchester 
aforesaid unto my said son and the heirs of his body. But in case my said 
son shall die without heirs of his body, or for want of such heirs, then I 
give the same unto all my daughters and their heirs. And in ca*e my said 
wife shall die before my said son shall attain his age of six and twenty 
years then I do give and bequeath my said house, burgage and tenement in 
Dorchester unto my loving and dear friends, M r . William Derbie, IT. Rich- 



152 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

ard Savage and M r . Thomas Clench of Dorchester aforesaid and M r . 
"Walter Baily of Bridport until my son shall attain that age. And from and 
after my said wife's decease I give and devise my said houses, burgage, 
garden and ground in Bridport aforesaid unto my said friends, in trust tor 
and towards the raiding the legacies hereby given to my younger two 
daughters &c. &c. Then the remainder of my term unto my said son, if 
he live to attain the age of six and twenty years or be married, or if he die 
before then I give the same amongst all my said daughters. To my daugh- 
ter Sarah one hundred pounds, to my daughter Mary fourscore pounds, to 
my daughter Elizabeth threescore and ten pounds, and to my daughter 
Martha threescore pounds, all payable at their several ages of four and 
twenty years, except my said daughter Martha's legacy which I appoint to 
be paid as the same may be raised out of my said houses &c. in Bridport. 

And, whereas there is of my estate four and thirty pounds in money iu 
Thomas Ford's 1 hands in iS T ew England and in the hands of Roger Clap 
and Stephen Tayler in New England, " the provenew " of fifty pounds 
worth of goods and divers moneys and goods of mine in the hands of Henry 
Cogan there, and other cattle and corn that I have in New England afore- 
said, I do appoint that all the said moneys and goods or the provenue there- 
of, shall go and be employed towards the raising of my said daughters' 
legacies, and also such money and provenue of the benefit of my plantation 
at Beshipscot in New England, which is due to me from my brother in law 
Thomas Purchase. And I do give and devise all my moiety of that plan- 
tation, houses, land and grounds in New Beshipscot aforesaid and my lot 
in Dorchester in New England aforesaid and all other my lands and 
grounds in New England unto my said son Eleazer and the heirs of his 
body; and for want of such heirs then I give the same to all my daughters 
and their heirs. All the residue ccc. I give to Sara my wife whom I 
ordain sole executrix. 

Will : Derbie a witness. 

Proved at London by Sarah Way, widow and executrix, in the presence 
of John White, clerk, by virtue of a commission &c. 

Evelyn, 155. 

[George Way, the testator, was one of the forty-one persons who subscribed* 
in May, 1628, to the stock of the company which obtained a grant from the 
Council of Plymouth under which the Massachusetts Colony was settled. On 
the 16th of June, 1632. he and Thomas Purchase obtained from the Council of 
Plymouth a grant of certain lands in New England called the River " Bishop- 
scotte, and all that bounds and limits the main land adjoining the river to the ex- 
tent of two miles."! Thomas Purchase is called by Way in the above will his 
brother-in-law. It is probable that Way either married Purchase's sister or his 
wife's sister. Purchase had settled on "the lands about 1628, a few years before 
the grant was obtained, somewhere within the limits of the present town of 
Brunswick, Maine. J The tract of land is sometimes known as the Way and 
Purchase Grant, but more often as the Pejepscot Purchase. 

George 1 Way's son Eleazer settled in New England and died at Hartford, 
Ct., July 12, 1687. It seems from the will that Eleazer had four sifters, Sarah, 2 
Elizabeth, 2 Mary 2 ahd Martha, 2 but I find no evidence that any of them came to 
this country. Eleazer Way, the heir and only son of George Way, brought suit 
Oct. 10, 1657, against Thomas Purchase his father's partner. A lon^ litigation 
ensued. Way's suit was settled in 1683 by the sale of the tract by him and the 
heirs of Purchase to Kichard Wharton. During the litigation with Purchase, 

* See the agreement, with the names of the subscribers, in Pelt's Salem, Vol. 1. pp« 
508-9. 

f Sainsbury's Calendar of Colonial State Papers, Vol. I. p. 1-52. 
J Wheeler's History ot Brunswick, Topsharu and Harpswell, p. 7. 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 153 

Eleazer Way was in Boston, when he married Mary . His name is found 

on the Boston records as early as 1659. He was admitted freeman at Hartford, 
May 13, 1669. He Left rive children: 1, Mary* 2, Sarahfm. Ichabod Wells ; 3, 
Lydia, 3 m. . Jabez Whitttesey ; 4-, Elizabeth, 3 m. Joseph Welisj 5. Ebeneser. 3 

Ebenezer 3 Way was a physician and settled at Sonthold, L. I. lie had: 1, 
Jlary, 4 m. William Hops or Hobtton ; 2. AUhea, 4 orJSsiJier,* m. Nathaniel Overton; 
3, Josiah ; 4 4, Daniel /* 5. Eleazer.* The last named Eleazer 4 had an only daugh- 
ter Ann,* who died unmarried at Southold in 1821. She was the only living 
descendant of George 1 Way who then bore his surname. For further genealogi- 
cal details and other particulars relative to the litigation above referred to. see 
my pamphlet. " George Way and his Descendants/' Boston, 1887. — Charles 
Granville Way. 

Eleazer Way. son of George, calls Purchase his uncle in a release, dated June 
1, 16(59, by which he makes over to his "honoured vnkle, Mr. Thomas Furchas, 
of Pudgi.pscott." and his heirs forever, all right said Eleazer had in the one half 
of the Plantation, k -in Pudgipscott." by the above said Will of his father, 
George Way. of Dorchester, "or any other waves:" giving full power to his 
said uncle to sell or dispose of it. provided, that' after said sale, one half of the 
effects of it shall be delivered in specie to said Eleazer, or his heirs or assigns. 
See extracts from Howard's Notarial Records, ««fe, page HO.— W. B. Tilvsk.] 

1 Thomas Ford and family came from England to Dorchester, in the year 1630 ; 
and he was made freeman" the same year. He had four daughters*. Abigail 
married John Strong, the ancestor of* Gov. Caleb Strong, Joanna became the 
wife of Roger Clap whom she married Nov. 6, 1033, when in the 17th year of 
her age; they lived together in the conjugal relation 57 years, and had I 4 chil- 
dren, the youngest of "whom, named Supply, Judge Sewall, in his Journal, 
styles " a very desirable man." Another daughter of Thomas Ford wedded 
Aaron Cooke; Hepzibah married Richard L-vman. 

Thomas Ford, Ensign Stoughton, William Phelps and William Gaylord, were 
appointed by the General Court, March 4. 1(333-4. "to set the bounds between 
Boston and Roxbnry." Thomas Ford had a grant of land in Dorchester, June 
27, 1G3G, and not far from that time, it may be, went to "Windsor. On the 10th 
of January, 1036, old style, two acres of land in Dorchester, on M r . Ludlow's 
neck, were "ordered" to John Holland, it being land formerly granted to 
Thomas Ford: also "a little plott of marsh," without inclosure, Holland paying 
said Ford " the charges he hath been at in ditching." Mr. Ford was an active 
and useful man, both in Dorchester and Windsor, and his name appears a num- 
ber of times on the records of those towns. In 1033, the Town of Dorchester 
ordered that'a fort be built "upon the Rocke. above Mr. Johnson's." and a 
double rate, to that end. be paid t< -» Thomas Ford and Roger Clap " at the house 
of the said Thommas Ford." While in Dorchester he was one of the twelve 
men selected by the plantation for ordering their affairs. He was chosen to 
that office June 27, 1030; constable in Windsor in 1054; approved to be made 
freeman at the latter place, Oct. 4, 1009 (Register, v. 247) ; was on the Grand 
Jury in 1002. He had a grant of 50 acres of land at Massacoe, now Shnsbury, 
Conn., "whereof forty-four acres had been improved by plowing and mowing, 
as it was measured by Matthew Graunt." ancestor of the late President Grant. 

Mr. Ford married for his second wife, Ann Scott, widow of Thomas Scott, 
of Hartford, Conn., Nov. 7, 1044. Register, xiii. 53. He subsequently removed 
to Northampton, Mass., where he died Nov. 9, 1076.— W. B. Trask. J 

John Boys, bound for Virginia, 7 August 1649, proved last of May 
1650. To my sister two hundred pounds. To my uncle & aunt Boys. To 
my Aunt Jaggar and her daughter. To Uncle Sea. To my cousin Harri- 
son. To the rest of my uncle Boys's children. To my cousin Gasen and 
his wife. To my three cousins, Maior Boys's sons, that live in London. 
To Mrs. Ann Berisford of Chidgwell, Essex, M r Thomas Allen, Em Paine, 
John Beaumont, Allen Arundell and Robert Bowrne. My executors to be 
my uncle Boys and brother Thomas Maior. Wit: John Beaumont and 
Em Paine (by mark). Pembroke, 59. 

[In the first Legislative Assembly of Virginia, in 1019. was a John Boys. 
Chene or Cheney Boys or Boise, born 1536, was living in Virginia in 1024 ; was 



154 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



[April, 



Burgess for Shirley Hundred Island. Oct. 1G29. March 1620-30 and Sept. 1632. 
Neill {Virginia Carolornm, Appendix" p. 4*08) says that fye was prrrbably of the 
family of John Boys above, and also a relative of Captain Isaac Banjrnve, the 
first person with Captain Ward its 1618, to establish a private plantation in 
Virginia. Doctor Banrrave. Dean of Canterbury, was the brother of Isaac, and 
the successor of John Boys (who had married his sister) in the Deanery. The 
following grants of land are on record in the Virginia Lund Registry: Hannah, 
daughter arid heir of I.ukeBoyse of Henrlfco county, 300 acres in the satne county 
Nov. 11. ir.:'..~> : Cheney Boyse, 1550 acres in Charles City county. May 31. 1636, 
Book No. 1, pp. 354.802. Luke Boyse was a Burgess, 1G23-4. Christopher 
Boys? was a laud owner in Harwood's Creek. Warwick county, 1G35, and was 
alive in 1G.V2-. — Kobf.ri A. Brock, of Richmond, Va.] 

Joseph Thorowgood of London, merchant, 11 October 1683, proved 
19 January 16SL To my brother William Thorowgood, of London, mer- 
chant, the use, benefit and profit or all my plantation and lands in Carolina 
beyond the seas and of such servants, utensils, cattle, stock and things that 
I shall have thereon at the time of my decease, and all my other lands, 
tenements &c. &c. for and during the term of his natural life; then to such 
son of my said brother William, lawfully begotten, as my said brother shall 
think most fit to enjoy the same; for default of such sou, then to such son 
of my loving brother Benjamin Thorowgood Esq. as my said brother Ben- 
jamin shall think most fit &e. ; failing such, then to such son of my sister 
Elizabeth Ashby as my said sister, or my brother-in-law John Ashby 
shall think most fit &c*. ; next to such son of my sister Mary Dod as my 
said sister or my brother in law John Dod shall think most fit. My brother 
William Thorowgood and the said John Ashby to be the executors. 

Wit: Johu Bookey, Tho: Sandtord, Sam: Thorowgood. Cann, 12. 

[Adam Thoroughgood "Gent." was granted 200 acres on Back river in Virginia 
in 103-t (Virginia Land fiegtitty, Book No. 1). He was a brother of Sir John 
Thoroughgood, Ku"t. of Kensington-, was born 1G02 and came to Virginia in 1G21, 
settling at Kicotan. In a subsequent patent to Captain Adam Thoroughgood it 
is stated that the grant is made '-• at the espetiall recommendation of him from 
their Lordships and others of his Majesty's Most hon ble Privie CouncibV' 
He was commissioner and Burgess for Elizabeth City county 1G29. and Burgess 
in 1030. About 1G34 he moved to Lynhaven Bay in the present county of Prin- 
cess Anne; was a member of the Virginia Council 1(337, and in the same year 
President of the County Court of Lower Norfolk: died in the spring of 1640; 

married Sarah , and had issue : i. Lt. Col. Adam, Burgess for Lower Xorfolk 

Co., Oct 1GGG, and High Sheriff 1GG9. ii. Elizabeth, married Jacob Chandler of 
Maryland, a member of the Council, iii. Sarah. The representatives of these 
include among others the names of Lawson. Moseley, Smith. Keeling. Niinmo, 
Haynes, Saver, Harper, Jamiesou, Singleton and McPheeters. — R. A. Brock.] 

Henry Hartweil late of Virginia Esq., now of the parish of Stepney 
ats Stebonheath, 3 July 1609. with codicil dated 4 July 1609, proved 2 
August 1699. To Nicholas Merry weather, 2 nephew of my late wife, two 
hundred pounds. To Francis Merryweather, another nephew, one hun- 
dred pounds. To Thomas Merryweather, another, one hundred pounds. 
To Jane Browne, wife of William Browne and niece to my late wife, one 
hundred pounds. To Elizabeth Browne, daughter to Coll. William Browne 
and niece to my late wife, one hundred pounds. To my kinsman John 
Spratly one hundred pounds. To my kinswoman Mary Sanders one hun- 
dred pounds (and other personal property). To Elianor Say daughter of 
Capt. Edward Say one hundred pounds, to be nut into the Bank of Eng- 
land until she shall arrive to the age of eighteen or day of marriage; but 
in case the Bank shall be redeemed before such time that then it shall be 
put out at the discretion of my executors till the time aforesaid. In case of 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 155 

the (loath of the said Elianor Say. before she arrive to the age of eighteen 
or day of marriage then to Anne Say daughter to the above Capt Edward 
Say. To M". Susan Say his wife twenty pounds. To the poor of Maid- 
enhead in the County of Berks twenty pounds. 

I give and bequeath unto the use of the College of William and Mary in 
Virginia the sum of fifty pounds. To my niece Mary Hartwell daughter 
of my late brother William Ilartweli 1 three hundred pounds at age of eigh- 
teen or day of marriage. To my nephew William Ilartweli eldest son of my 
late brother William four hundred pounds at the age of twenty one. To 
John Ilartweli the youngest son four hand red pounds at age of tweuty one. 
If the said Mary, William or John or either of them die before they arrive 
at their respective ages &c. the portion of such shall be equally divided to 
the survivors of them and their brother Henry Ilartweli. To my coach- 
man William Anderson five pounds. To my maid servant Isabella Leigh 
ten pounds. To my nephew Henry Ilartweli, the second son of my late 
brother William, all my land in Surrey County, over against James City 
in Virginia, and to his heirs forever. To Thomas Lane and Mary his wife, 
each five pounds to buy them rings. To Mrs. Sarah Perry wife of M r . 
Richard Perry five pounds to buy her a ring. To Micajah Perry and Rich- 
ard Perry in consideration of their trouble in the management of the Trusts 
fifty pounds each. And it is my express will that my executors do send for 
my said nephew Henry Hartwell out of Virginia to England and that they 
give him the best education they can till he shall so arrive to the age of one 
and twenty years. If my said nephew Henry Hartwcll shall not live to 
attain the age of one and twenty years my will then is that my land in 
Surrey County &c. shall be to my nephew William Hartwell and his heirs 
forever. And all other my personal estate, in case of my nephew Henry 
Hartwell's death if he die before he attain the age of one and twenty years, 
I give as follows. I then give unto the College of William and Mary in 
Virginia, more, one hundred pounds for and towards the founding Scholar- 
ships in the said College, and I do hereby desire the Governors of the said 
College to see it faithfully laid out to that end. 

The residue of the personal estate, in case of the death of my nephew 
Henry Hartwell, I give to my nephews William and John Hartwell and my 
niece Mary Hartwell and to Nicholas, Francis and Thomas Merryweather 
and Jane the wife of William Browne and Elizabeth the daughter of Col- 
onel William Browne, and John Spratly and Mary Sanders and Elianor 
Say, equally to be divided among them. 

I appoint my trusty and well beloved friends Micajah Perry and Richard 
Perry of London, merchants, executors &c. 

Wit: Priscilla Jones, Anna Haddock, Elizabeth Crawdey. 

In a codicil a bequest of twenty pounds is made to Robert Wise, servant 
to Micajah Perry, for several services done. 

Wit: Thomas Lane, Isabella Lee. Pett, 134. 

[Henry Hartwell received the following grants of land in Virginia : 730 acres 
in James City county, May 13, 1070. ( Virginia Land Begistry, BoofcNo. 6. p. 
690); 900 acres in Charles City county, March 30, 16S2-&; 1900 acres in Surry 
county, April 20, 1667: 2\ acres in James City April 20, 16^9. (Book No. 7, 
pp. 23-4, 5d5, 901.) He was clerk of the Council of Virginia 1077-1679, and 

married in or before 1685, , relict of Col . William White. In the same year 

Henry Randolph of Henrico county, .i.s recorded as his attorney. 

1 In 167o, according to the York county Va. records, William Hartwell had 
married the widow of Kichard Barnes, deceased. Captain William Hartwell was 



156 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Justice of the Peace for James City county 1C87-8. William, son of Gideon and 
Martha Macon of New Kent county, Virginia, married, Sept. 24, 171'.). Mary, 
daughter of William Hart Well. ,l)lm tlartwell patented land in York county, 
Virginia, in 1042. Hafrison Harwell of Brunswick county. Virginia, was alive 
in 1723. The name Hartwell is perpetuated as a Christian name in the Harrison, 
Cocke. Macon and other families of Virginia. 

2 Nicholas Meriwether, "Gent." of Hanover county, Virginia, was granted 400 
acres of land in that county, Feb. 18, 1722. ( Virginia Land Registry, Book No. 11, 
p. 161.) He and William, David, Thomas. Nicholas, Jr., and Mildred Meriwether 
received subsequently to and inclusive of the year 1741. numerous and extrusive 
grants of land in the counties of Hanover, Louisa, New Kent. Spotsylvania and 
Goochland. The descendants of Nicholas Meriwether include the well-known 
Virginia names of Walker, Rives, Hughes, Nelson and others. — It. A. Brock.] 

Francis Wyman, of the parish of Westmill in the County of Hertford 
husbandman. 15 September ld53, proved 14 February 1653. I do give 
and bequeath unto Jane my wife the full sum of ten shillings of lawful Eng- 
lish money to be paid unto her by mine executor presently after my burial. 
Item I do give and bequeath unto my two sons Francis Wyman and John 
Wynian w ch are beyond sea ten pounds apiece of lawful English money to 
be paid unto them by mine executor if they be in want and come over to de- 
maud the same. I do give and bequeath unto my sister Susan Huitfc wid- 
ow the full sum of forty shillings ol lawful English money to be likewise 
paid to her by mine executor within one whole year next coming after my 
decease. Item I do give and bequeath unto Thomas Wyman my son all 
that my messuage or tenement wherein I now dwell with all the other 
buildings, housen and outhousing thereunto belonging, and all my lands, 
orchard, garden and yards, with all and singular their appurtenances what- 
soever, to him and his heirs forever. All the rest of my goods &c. to my 
said son Thomas, whom I appoint executor. Pell, 116. 

[Francis and John Wyman, sons of the testator, were among the earliest 
settlers of Charlestown Village, afterwards named Wobum, Mass. They 
signed the Town Orders Dec. 13. I'o40 (see SewaLTs Wobum, pp. 520-.J0). 
Francis Wyman was born ab. 1017; in. 1st, Judith Peirce of Woburn, Jan. 30, 
1645; m. 2d, Abigail, clau. of William Head of Woburn, Oct. 2, 'G.30. He was 
a tanner. He died Nov. 23,1099., aged 82. Lieut. John Wyman, also a tanner. 
was born ab. 1021; m. Nov. 5, 1044, Sarah, dan. of Miles Nutt of Woburn. He 
died May 9, 1684, and his widow m. Aug. 25. 1084, Thomas Fuller of Woburn. 
See Register, iii. 33-8, for descendants and other details. — Editor.] 

Anthony Copp, of Honeley in the County of Warwick yeoman, 16 
January 1G53, proved at Westminster 13 June IGj-4. To my kinswoman 
Hannah Edwards forty shillings. To Denney my wife five pounds, the 
which my desire is and so I will and appoint, that she shall, within three 
years next after my decease, pay or cause to be paid unto my kinsman 
Thomas Copp. I give and bequeath to my kinsman Richard Heath, for 
the use of his children, the sum of seven pounds ten shillings, to be paid 
within one year next after my decease. I give and bequeath to my kins- 
man Richard Tippin, for the use of hi3 children which he hath by my 
kinswoman Elizabeth his wife, the sum of ten pounds, to be paid within one 
year after my decease. I give and bequeath unto my kinsman John Ward 
the sum of eight pounds, for the use of his children, to be paid within one 
year next after my decease. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my brother "William Copp who is in NTew 
England the sum of six pounds for the use of his children, the which I 
devise and will appoint to be sent over or conveyed unto him by my execu- 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 157 

trix so soon as may be after my decease. I give and bequeath to my 
brother Walter Copp, for the use of his children, all my lease of the house 
and land in Iloneley wherein Richard Gee liveth and also to his said three 
children the sum of twenty .shillings apiece. I give unto Denney my wife 
and to her assigns all that my lease and estate and term of years which I 
have yet to come in the house and lands wherein I dwell in Iloneley afore- 
said, with remainder among the children of all my brothers to whom I have 
formerly given legacies before mentioned; that is to say, my cousiu Samuel 
Copps, John Ward for his children, Richard Tippins for his children, 
Richard Heath for his children, Thomas Copp for his children, Walter Copp 
for his children and to Mary Busbie for her children, equally to be divided 
amongst them. And I do will and appoint and so my will is that my 
brother Walter Copp and my cousin Samuel Copp and Robert Gardner of 
Iloneley shall have the selling and disposing of the said lease and estate 
of the house wherein I live and the land belonging thereunto all the residue 
of years &c. after the decease of Denney my wife. 

I give and bequeath unto my kinsman Samuel Copp and unto the said 

Robert Gardner and Thomas Bakon of all that my land, being two 

closes, lying and being in Haseley in the County of Warwich to 

grant, sell and convey the same for raising of legacies beforementioned. 

My brother Walter Copp to be executor, and cousin Samuel Copp, 
Robert Gardner and Thomas Baken to be overseers. Alchiu, 4G2. 

[William Copp, brother of the testator, settled at Boston and was aclm. free- 
man June 2, 1641. He is probably the William Cope, aged 20, who with Kich- 
ard Cope, aged 2-i, perhaps a brother, embarked at London for New England in 
June, 1635, in the Blessing. John Lecester, master (see Kegistkk. xiv. 317). 
He died March, 1670. •' His estate." says Savage, " was in part of that beauti- 
ful hill which bore his name." He left posterity. — Er.iroR.] 

John Raym:ent, in the Ship Friendship of London, on a voyage to Vir- 
ginia, 2 December 1629, did utter and declare &c. &c. To my kinsman 
dwelling at Wapping, a servant in my own house, forty shillings. To my 
mother, dwelling at Poole, ten shillings. To my two sisters, dwelling at 
Poole, five shillings between them. All the rest to my wife. 2 September 
1630, emanavit commissio marioe Graves ats Rayment relictae etc. 

Scroope, 79. 

Martin Archdale, citizen and grocer of London 29 October 1597, 
proved 31 December 1597. To be buried in the parish church of St. 
Margaret Pattens in London. Sons John, Martin, Robert, Samuel and 
Daniel. Wife Barbara. Daughters Alice and Sarah Archdale. Mv n- 00 d 
friend M r Roger Mountagu shall have the order, rule and disposing of my 
son John, my brother Thomas Archdale shall have the order, rule and 
government of my sons Martin and Robert, my brother Matthew Archdale 
shall have the order, rule and government of my sons Samuel and Daniel, 
and my wife Barbara shall have the ordering, rule and government of my 
two daughters. My poor sister Elizabeth. My nephew John Archdale, 
son of Mary Archdale, widow, and his brother Abraham Archdale. My 
sister Anna Archdale of Oxford widow. The children of my cousin Kath- 
erine Browne, daughter of my said sister. My nephew Richard Ripton. 
The executors to be my son John, when he shall be of the full a^e of one 
and twenty years, together with Roger Mountagu, skinner, and my brother 
Thomas Archdale, draper, citizens of London. A codicil to the above will 
was subscribed by the testator 12 December 1597. 

Cobham, 114. 
vol. xliii. 15 



158 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Matthew Archdale, citizen nnd draper of London, 1 J November 
1599, proved 31 December lo99. Five hundred pounds each to Edward 
More ah Archdale. Stredwicke More, Richard Stansfeihk; and Mary 
Stausfeilde. To my cousin Sara Archdale one hundred pounds. To my 
cousins M™. Combs and Mistres Palmer and my cousin Elizabeth Arch- 
dale fifty pounds apiece. To my cousin Richard Archdale five hundred 
pounds. To Edward Browne and his children five hundred pounds. To 
my brother Thomas one hundred pounds. I discharge my cousin Richard 
Kipton all the debt he oweth me and I give him live pounds. To my 
'cousin John Archdale of Whetlie thirty pounds. To my cousin Abraham 
Archdale forty pounds. To my cousin Frances Archdale forty pounds and 
to her other three sisters, Bridget, Margaret, and Barbara, ten pounds apiece. 
To my cousin Mary daughter of my cousin Combes. To Thomas Beadle 
ten pounds. I ordain and make my brother Thomas Archdale sole 
executor. 

Kidd, 95. 

Thomas AkcSDALE, citizen and draper of London, 5 March 1G09, with a 
nuncupative codicil declared about the 14 th of November 1611, proved 3 De- 
cember 1611. My body to be buried in the parish church of St. Antholins 
near the body of my first wife. To my three daughters, Margaret Combe, 
Sara Sare and Barbara Palmer five hundred marks apiece, one hundred each 
a year until paid. One hundred pounds to Archedale Combe, at age of twenty 
one. To my grandchild Sara Sare the younger, at her age of twenty years, 
one hundred pounds. To my grandchild Jane Sare, at age of twenty years, 
fifty pounds. To my grandchild Thomas Sare. at twenty one, fifty pounds. 
To my grandchild Mary Smyth, at her age of twenty one years, one hun- 
dred pounds, so that she be guided and directed by her father and mother, 
especially touching her marriage. To the child wherewith my daughter 
Barbara Palmer is now conceived, if it be a daughter, one hundred pounds, 
at her age of twenty one; but if it be a son I bequeath the said one huuQ- 
red pounds to John Palmer, the son of my said daughter Barbara, to be paid 
at his age of twenty and one years. To my cousin Abraham Archedale 
the yearly payment of twenty pounds during the life of the natural mother 
of said Abraham; also fifty pounds more to be paid to him only by ten 
pounds a year. To my cousin Bridget Archedale thirty pounds within six 
months next after my decease. To my cousin Richard Ripton forty shil- 
lings a year until twenty pounds be paid. Six pounds thirteen shillings 
and four pence each to my friend James Colbron and his son Thomas Col- 
brone. To my cousin Thomas Archedale, the sou of my cousin Richard 
Archedale, my godson, ten pounds, to be paid at his age of twenty one years. 
To the two maids which now serve my daughter Barbara five pounds apiece, 
to be paid unto them the day of their marriage, if they then shall be servants 
to my said daughter and shall marry by and with the liking and consent of 
the said Barbara and her husband. To the poor of St. Antholins five 
pounds. To the poor of the parish of Aldermanbury and the parish . ; 
Norton in Keut, to each five pounds. To M r . Harlain, pastor of said parish 
of Aldermanbury, five pounds. To the poor of St. John's upon Waibrooke 
forty shillings, and of Whitechapel ten pounds. 

My son iu law Ady Sare, of the Inner Temple London, Esquire, to be 
.full aucl sole executor. 

Wood, 102. 






1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 159 

Thomas Archdale and Mary Clifton marr. 31 Oct. 1568. 
Margaret dan. of Thomas' Arcudale clir. G Nov. 15G9. 
John son of Thomas Archdale chr. 2 Dec. 1571. 
Sarah dau. of Thomas Archdale chr. 3 Aug. 1574. 
Sarah dau. of Thomas Archdale chr. 1 Apr. 1578. 
John son of Thomas Archdale bur. 30 Oct. 1578. 
Mary wife of Thomas Archdale bur. 2G Nov. 1578. 
Thomas Archdale and BHth Wilfred marr. 29 Dec. 1583. 
John Comb and Margaret Archdale marr. 11 Dec. 1587. 
Mr. Thomas Archdale from Aldermanbury. bur. 27 Nov. 1011. 

Registers of St. Antholins, London. 

Samuel Archdale G June 1617, proved 27 November 1617. Men- 
tions mother Dame Barbara Aylofte, brothers Martin, Daniel and Robert 
and sister Sara Archdale. Weldon, 113. 

Abraham Archdale of Whately in the Co. of Oxford Esq., 2 August 
1631, with codicil of 17 September 1631, proved 14 October 1631. Cous- 
in German Rich d Archdale of Dowgat.e Street, London, merchant. Sis- 
ters Margaret Bennett of Oxford, widow, Frances Lowe, and Barbara 
Barnes widow, Anne Powell wife of Richard Powell of Forest Hill, being 
the only daughter of my sister Mary Moulton. Anne Barnes daughter of 
my Si.-ter Barbara. The four daughters of my sister Dorothy Stampe,*. e. 
Margaret Hester, Mary Hall, Elizabeth Stampe and Ursula Stampe. The 
children of my sister Lowe, viz*. Richard Lowe, Mary Pudsey, Elizabeth, 
Francis and Anne. The two sons of my sister Bridget Blackbourne, viz'. 
William and Richard. Richard Powell, eldest son of my niece Powell. 
My cousin Thomas Flexney, of Oxford, and his eldest son Francis. My 
cousin M rs , Judith Archdale. Martin and Daniel, sons of Martin Archdale, 
"my uncle late of London, merchant. Dorothy Field, granddaughter of my 
sister Stampe, and Anne Field, her sister. My uncle Mr. Anthony Feme 
of London, gentleman. John Hester son of Margaret Hester. My cousins 
M r . Richard Powell of Forest Hill and Samuel Gardner of the University 
of Oxon Gent, to be overseer?. Richard Archdale sole executor. 

16 September 1656 administration de bonis ?W7i, with the will annexed, 
was granted to Matthew Archdale, son of Richard Archdale, cousin ger- 
man, sole executor, &c. Berkley, 325. 

Richard Archdale of Cheping Wicornbe in the Co. of Bucks : Esq., 
the last day of May 1638, proved 8 October 1G38. My son in law John 
Fleetwood. My third son Matthew Archdale. My youngest son Robert 
Archdale. My two grand-children, William and John Fleetwood. My 
eldest son, Thomas Archdale, his three daughters, Judith, Mary and Susan. 
My second son Richard Archdale. Household stuff at Whately left unto 
me by my cousin Abraham Archdale. My brother in law M r Edward 
Browne. My cousin M K Barbara Rotheram. My cousin Low, James 
Povey and his sisters Katherine Povey and Jane Povey. My brother in 
law Mr. Arthur Alvy and my sister Alvy, his wife and his son Bernard 
Alvy, wife Judith Archdale and son in law John Fleetwood to be executors. 

Lee, 120. 

William Androwes of Tottenham, Co. Middlesex, gentleman, conveys, 
23 September 1581), to Thomas Archdale, citizen and draper of London, 
and to Barbara Archdale certain property in Tottenham, referring to Roger 
AndroweSj grandfather, and John Andro wes, father of the said William. 

Claus Rolls, 31 Eliz. : Part 29. 



160 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



[April, 



ARCHEDALE. 

John Archedale of Stafford Town= 



Ttichard=Mary Feme. 
Archedale, 
eldest son. 



Matthew 
Archedale, 
s.p. 



Barnard: 
Afcheoale 
of Oxford. 



:Aune Feme. 



Thomas—. 
Archedale. I 



I ill 

John, Margaret, wife to 

s.p. John Combes of 

London, merch't. 

Sarah, wife to Ady Sayers. 

Barbara, wife to William 
Palmer of London, merch't. 



Richard Archdale=Judith, dau. of 



of London, merch't. 
Living 103i. 



Rich. Thorpe 
of London, by 
Eliz. Brooke. 



! I I 
Kath. wife to Edward Browue 
of London, merch't. 



Alice, wife to Arthur Alvey. 
Audrey, wife to Jas. Poyey of Litchfield. 



Thomas Archdale, 
eldest son and heir. 



Richard Archdale, 
of Wadham Coll. 
in Oxford. 



Matthew. Eliz., wife to John 

Fleetwood, son and 

Robert. heir of Sir William 

Fleetwood of Great 
Missenden, co. Bucks, knt. 



John. | 

Abraham. 

Cyprian. 

VirgUI. 

All dead 
without issue. 



Mary=Robert Moulton 
ofilunyborne 
in co. Worcester, 
gent. 



I ! 
Margaret. 

Dorothy, wife to 
John Stamp of 
Houlton, co. Oxon. 



Anne, wife to Richard Powell 
of Forest Hill in com. Oxon. 



! I I 
Frances, wife to 
Rich. Lowe of 
London, mercer. 

Bridget, wife to Harris. 

Barbara, wife to Joseph Barnes. 



The Visitation of London, 1G33-L 



Margaret Prescott of the parish of S* Thomas the Apostle, London, 
widow, 1 November 1639, proved 3 January 1639. To my sister's daugh- 
ter .Margaret Parker and her husband Thomas Parker and all their five 
children. To my sou in law Stephen Burton and my daughter Martha his 
wife. To my son in law William Prescott and my daughter Susan his 
wife, my son in law John Marvin and my daughter his wife, my son in law 
Humfry Thornbury, my cousin James Anderton, my cousin Thomas Drink- 
water and Elizabeth his wife, my cousin Thornbury and Hester his wife, 
M™ Wightman in Cheapside, M r Cooper my loving pastor and his wife, my 
neighbor M™ Kayd, my neighbor M rs Tore, M" Darbyshire, M" Olive and 
her son Gabriel, my neighbor Townesend's son William Towrsesend and his 
daughter Joane Townesend, my neighbor Holt, Robert Walpole clerk of 
the parish of S l Thomas the Apostle and Richard Vaugban the sexton, 
Simon Leeson, my cousin Elizabeth Hooker. My sister Luce Parker to be 
residuary legatee and executrix. Coventry, 5. 

Administration on the estate of Arthur Slade formerly of the parish of 
S* Nicholas, Deptford, in the County of Kent, but at Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire deceased was granted 7 October 1747 to Elizabeth Slade hi3 
widow relict &c. Bond of four hundred pounds. Thomas Lawrence of 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 161 

the parish of S* Paul's Deptford, gardener, and Isaac Inglefield of the 
parish of S* Nicholas, Deptford, shipwright, bondsmen. 

Admon Act Book, P. C. C. 

[Is anything known about the above, or his children? He is said to have 
been a shipwright and Isaac Inglefield his servant. — h. f. w.] 

Edward Shrimpton, of Bednall Green, in the County of Middlesex, 
merchant, 30 September 1661. A commission was issued 6 November 
1661, to Elizabeth Shrimpfon, widow and residuary legatee, during the 
absence of Henry Shrimpton, executor, dwelling in the parts beyond the 
seas. The will was proved by the executor 18 March, 1G62. 

To my sou Jonathan six hundred & fifty pounds, to be paid him at Boston 
in New England, presently after my decease. To my daughter Mary 
Shrimpton (the same sum) at Boston &c. They not to dispose of their 
portions, nor of themselves in marriage, without the knowledge and advice 
of my loving brother M r Henry Shrimpton. To my three sons, Ebenezer, 
Epaphras and Silas, each four hundred pounds apiece, at their respective 
ages of twenty-one years. To my daughters, Elizabeth and Lydia, each 
four hundred pounds, at twenty-one or day of marriage. The two thousand 
pounds given to my five youngest children to remain in the hands of my 
brother Henry, to be improved, he allowing my wife, during widowhood, 
a competent proportion of the improvement towards their education. To 
the Church of .Christ whereof M r John Sympson is pastor ten pounds. To 
M* Wentworth Day. and M r Richard Goodgroome, each, five pounds apiece. 
To the Church of Christ which use to meet by Allhallows by the Wall ten 
pounds. To my wife Elizabeth Shrimpton the residue. My brother Henry 
Shrimpton to be the executor. Alderman William Peake to be overseer. 

Wit: William Booker, Thomas Norman. May, 186 

Ebenezer Shrimpton, of the parish of S* Katherine Cree Church Lon- 
don, haberdasher, 23 January 1678-9, proved 13 February 1678 by 
Epaphras Shrimpton. brother & executor. To brother William Benlowes ten 
shillings and to sister Mary Benlowes his wife, ten shillings ; to brother Sila3 
Shrimpton ten shillings; to sister Elizabeth Shrimpton. ten shillings; to 
sister Lydia Shrimpton ten shillings; the rest to brother Epaphras Shrimp- 
ton who is to see my legacies and debts paid and funeral discharged, and I 
make and ordain him to be my full and sole executor. 

The witnesses were Ths. Wallslate at Queen hithe gate in Thames St., 
Robert Tyrrell in Crutchett Fryers, and J no Thrale against Vintner's Hall. 

King, 25. 

Elizabeth Shrimpton, being aged, 6 March 1678-9, proved 15 Sep- 
tember, 1682 I forgive my two sons Epaphras and Sylas whatever shall 
remain unpaid of the money I laid out for binding them apprentices. To 
my said sons and to my two daughters, Elizabeth and Lydia. whatsoever 
shall be received of what is due unto me from my cousin M r . Samuel Shrimp- 
ton and from M r . John Croad. To my daughter-in-law Mary Bingly ten 
shillings to buy her a ring. My cousin Joseph Bland. My daughter 
Elizabeth Shrimpton to be executrix. Cottle, 113. 

Samuel Shrimpton of Boston in the Co. of Suffolk, Prov. of Massa- 
chusetts Bay in New England Esq. 5 June 1697. To son Samuel and his 
heir3 my brick messuage or tenement called the Exchange Tavern in Boston 
&c. and my brick ware house near the Town Dock; also my piece of land at 
vol. xliii. 15* 






I* 



162 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

the North End. To my kinswomen Abigail and Elizabeth Bourne of Lon- 
don three hundred pounds apiece, besides their respective legacies left them 
by their grandfather Shrimpton deceased. To my wife Elizabeth Shrimp- 
ton all the rest and residue during the term of her natural life, with full 
liberty before death to dispose of one thousand pounds thereof to whom and 
in such manner as to her shall seem most fit, meet and requisite. My said 
wife to be sole executrix. 

Wit: Lydia Watts, Ursula Cooles, Eliezer Moody Sc r . 

On the third day of June in the year 1700 commission issued to Elizabeth 
Roberts, widow, mother and attorney of Elizabeth Shrimpton widow, re- 
cently named executrix &c. Noel, 8^>. 

Lydia Shrimpton, of the city of London, spinster, 4 February 1C32» 
proved 30 May 1G85. To my brother Epaphras Shrimpton one shilling- 
To my brother Sylas Shrimpton one shilling. To my Sister Mary Bring- 
ley one shilling. All my debts and funeral charges being first paid I give 
and bequeath all the rest of my estate, real and personal, bills, bonds, 
chattells, dues and debts whatsoever unto my dearest sister M rs . Elizabeth 
Shrimpton whom I also appoint to be my sole executrix. 

Wit: Agnes Hathorn, Caleb Hathorn, Walt. Himilton. 

Cann, 64. 

[An attested copy of the will of Edward Shrimpton. of Bednall Green, is re- 
corded in Suffolk Probate Office. Boston, Lib. I. fol. 3s9, with the Commission 
out of the Prerogative Court iu England, for the probate of wills, from Wil- 
liam, Archbishop of Canterbury. This Commission, dated London, July 1, 
16G2, is directed to John Norton, minister, Simon Bradstreet, Hezekiah Usher 
and others, merchants. It authorizes Henry Shrimpton to act as Executor to 
the estate of his brother Edward. An abstract of this Will, proved in Boston, 
Sept. G, 1602, with the form of the Oath to be administered to the Executor, is 
printed in the Register, xi. 170-72. 

Thomas Pouusett, of the Parish of St. Stephen, Coleman Street, " merchant 
taylor," of Loudon, and Mary, wife of said Thomas, " one of the daughters of 
Edward Shrimpton, late of the Parish of Stepney als. Stebuuheath," in the 
county of Middlesex, gives a power of attorney to her brother. Jonathan 
Shrimpton, now of New r England, merchant, May li), 1G63. See Suffolk Deeds, 
Lib. IV. fol. 169-171. Also, mortgage deed of estate in Boston, of Edward 
Shrimpton and his children, Nov. 227 1G63, to William and Hannah Ballantine, 
ibid, fol. 101. 

An abstract of the Will of Henry Shrimpton, of Boston, merchant, brother 
and Executor to Edward, above, dated 17. 5. 1GGG. proved Aug. 4, of the same 
year, is also given in the Register, xv. 7G-76. He provides that his ;i Consume, 
Mary Shrimpton, daughter of my late brother, Edward Shrimpton, Deceased, 
be paid the remainder of her portion according to her Father's will, with In- 
terest, at sixe in the Hundred;" that, the £2000 given the five younger children, 
" be put out to Interest, and good Security taken for it." He gives £10 " to my 
sister, Elizabeth Shrimpton, wife to my Brother Edward Shrimpton," as also 
the same sum to each of the seven children of his late Brother Edward, men- 
tions them all by name. 

Samuel Shrimpton's Will is recorded at Suffolk Probate Office, Lib. viii. fol. 
102. As also that of Samuel Shrimpton, Jim. (Lib. xv. fol. 167), dated April 
21, 1703, proved June 17, 1703. The latter mentions wife Elizabeth, to whom 
he gives the use of his estate in Suffolk, in right or by force of the Will of his 
grandfather Henry Shrimpton: his daughter Elizabeth, an only child; uncle 
Nicholas Roberts, of Boston, merchant, also **niy brother Stephen Richardson." 
Mr.Edward Lyde. of Boston, merchant, executor. 

Mary Shrimpton, relict of Jonathan Shrimpton,. sou of Edward of Bednall 
Green, administered upon her husband's estate, for the benefit of herself and 
two children, June 3, 1673. (Suffolk Deeds, Lit), vii. 337, 316, 3-17.) 

The nuncupative will of Bethiah Shrimpton, daughter of Epaphras, and 
granddaughter of Edward, dated Saturday night, June 27, 1713, mentions, 



1S89.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 163 

Madam Stoddard, Dr. John Clark, brother Samuel Eliot and his wife, brother 
and sister Hunt, brother and sister Shriinplou, brother William, sister Hannah, 
mother, and lluinilis Williams. "Said Betluah died 2' 1 July current." Ibid. 
Lib. xviii. fol. L36, 137.— W. B. Tkask.] 

William Yeamans of St. Giles in the Fields, Middlesex, yeoman. 24 
February 168G, proved 7 May 1C87. I give and bequeath to my brother 
Christopher Yeamans of Maduan's Neck 1 in the Queen's County on Long 
Island in the Province of New York in America, yeoman, the sum of five 
shillings. And whereas there is the sum of one hundred and twelve pounds 
fifteen shillings and six pence silver money of New York aforesaid, due and 
owing unto me from my said brother upon bond, as also the sum of ihres 
pounds, with the increase thereof, for goods lately sent to him, I do hereby 
order and appoint that if be, my said brother, his executors or assigns, do 
and shall pay uuto my executrix the said sum of one hundred and twelve 
pounds, fifteen shillings and six pence and do also account unto her for the 
said sum of three pounds &c. then I do give and bequeath unto my said 
brother twenty pounds like silver money of New York to be equally divided 
between such of my said brother's children as shall be then living. I give 
and bequeath unto my sister Anne Bakewell, widow, twelve pence; unto 
William Gooden ten shillings to buy him a ring. All the rest of my goods 
&c. to my wife Elizabeth Yeamans, whom I appoint sole executrix. 

Foot, 71. 

[ l Maclnan's Neck is situated in or near Hempstead (Onderdonk's History of 
Hempstead, Lon>j Mand, pp. 44-52). See Petition from Madnan's Neck, also 
one from Christopher Yeamans of the same place to Lieut. Governor Thomas 
Dongan, about 1083, relative to their meeting-house, in O'Calla Thau's Documen- 
tary History of Xew York, Vol. 3, pages 211, 212.— >V\ B. Tkask.] 

Sir Robert Yeamans of Redland, Co. Gloucester, Knight and Baronet, 
24 January 1686, proved 11 May 1687. To be buried in the parish Church 
of St. Mary Redcliffe within the suburbs of the City of Bristol as near my 
first wife as may be. To the poor of Westbury super Trym, Gloucester- 
shire. To my wife Abigail al. my messuages &c. in the County of Glouces- 
ter for and during the term of her natural life. And after her decease I 
give to my kinsman Robert Stafford Esq. the tenement or farm in Redland, 
now in possession of Joyce Beavin, which I purchased of Ralph Sadler 
Esq. deceased. Other messuages to kinsman Robert Yeamans, now resi- 
dent in the Island of Barbadoes, son of my late brother Sir John Yeamans 
deceased, with remainder to John Yeamans of Bristol, brewer, eldest son 
of my brother Joseph Yeamans deceased, next to Robert, second son of 
said Joseph, then to George, the third son, then to my right heirs forever. 
My wife Dame Abigail Yeamans to be sole executrix. Foot, 71. 

[Sir Robert Yeamans. bail., was the second son of Robert Yeamans. alderman 
of Bristol, who was condemned, by a council of war, for corresponding with 
Prince Rupert and designing to deliver the city of Bristol into his hand. The 
two sons of Alderman Yeamans were both created baronets, namely, John, Jan. 
12, 16G4-5, and Robert, the testator, Dec. 31, IGoo. The latter married a daugh- 
ter of Sir Edward Staiford. knt., but died without issue in UW?. (See Burke's 
Extinct Baronetage, ed. Isi4, pp. 502-4.) The Yeamans family was connected 
with Carolina as well as with New York and New England. — Editor.] 

John Yeamans of the parish of S* James within the liberty of West- 
minster, Esq. February 1747. proved 27 June 1750 by Shute Shrirapton 
Yeamans. I give all my real and personal estate whatsoever and whereso- 
ever to my only son Shute Shrimpton Yeamans &c. subject, nevertheless to 






164 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

and chargeable with the payment of ray debts and funeral expenses and 
also to and with the payment of the sum of four hundred pounds sterling to 
my niece Mary Vlack, the wife of M r Johannis de Wiudt of the Inland of 
S l Thomas in America, if living at the time of my decease, otherwise to go 
to and be divided amongst her children in equal shares &c, and also subject 
to and chargeable with the payment of one annuity or yearly sum of twenty 
pounds sterling to Mrs. Elizabeth Stoddard of Boston in New England, 
mother of my late wife, during her natural life, and of one other annuity or 
yearly sum of ten pounds sterling to M" Mary Stoddard of Boston in 
New England, sister to my late wife, during her natural life, and of one 
other annuity or yearly sum of ten pounds sterling to Mrs. Sarah Stoddard 
of Boston in New England, sister to my late wife, during her natural life, 
and of one other annuity or yearly sum of ten pounds sterling to Mrs. 
Mehitabel Stoddard of Boston in New England tic. &c ; hereby recommend- 
ing to my son and not doubting but that he will be farther kind to the 
said annuitants as he shall see occasion. 

My sou to be sole executor. If my said son shall happen to die before 
me I then give one annuity or yearly sum of two hundred pounds sterling 
to my daughter Matilda, the wire of my son, during her widowhood. But 
if she marries again I give her only the sum of one hundred pounds sterling 
during the remainder of her life ; the said last mentioned annuities to my 
daughter to be issuing and payable out of my real estate in the Island of 
Antigua. 

I give my said real estate in the Island of Antigua and all other my real 
and personal estate, whatsoever and wheresoever, to George Thomas ILsq., 
Samuel Martin Esq., and Samuel Martin Esq. the younger, all now or late 
of the Island of Antigua &c, in trust &c. &c. ; And as to all my real and 
personal estate in New England, in trust for and to the use of the said 
Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah and Mehitabel Stoddard, and the heirs of their 
respective bodies, to take as tenants in common and not as joint tenants; 
And in default of issue of their bodies respectively then, as to their respec- 
tive shares, in trusc for and to the use of Eliakim Hutchinson Esq., of 
Boston in New England and his heirs, if living at the time of my decease, 
or otherwise in trust for and to the use of the heirs of the said Eliakim 
Hutchinson. * 

Wit : H. Maria Byam, Lydia Bvam, Elizabeth Mackinen. 

219 Greenly. 

[See Heraldic Journal. I. — 133-4 ;_II. — 34. — n. f. w.J 

Shute Shrimpton Yeamans of Richmond in the County of Surry 
Esquire 4 August 17G8, proved 30 September 176'J. To my son John 
Yeamans my watch and rings. To my son Shute Yeamaus the silver 
Tureen the large silver cup the three cases of silver handled knives and fork3 
and the silver bread basket. The remainder of my plate vessels and all my 
books and bookcases to my son John Yeamans. The lease of my house 
npon Richmond Green with the household goods and furniture therein to be 
sold. To son Shute the sum of four thousand pounds sterling to be paid 
unto him at his age of tweuty one years. To my servant Sarah Walton 
twenty one pounds for her great care and attendance on my late wife and 
daughter in their illnesses. Eive pounds to each of my other servants. 

I give and devise unto my said son Shute Yeamans and his heirs my 
farm with the appurtenances called or known by the name of Chelsea farm, 
situate near Boston in New England in North America and now let 



1889. ] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 165 

to Robert Temple Esquire at the yearly rent of forty pounds sterling. If 
he die before lie shall attain the age of twenty one years then I give and 
devise my said farm &c. unto my said son John. 

I give and devise all my other lands hereditaments and real estate what- 
soever in the Island of Antigua in the West Indies, in the provinces of New 
England and New Hampshire in North America, or elsewhere unto William 
Berners Esquire of Woolverston Park in Suffolk, William Gunthorpe of 
Antigua aforesaid Esquire, Samuel Mercer of the City of London Esquire 
and M r Thomas Greenough of Boston in New England aforesaid &c. upon 

(certain) trusts ; to the use of ray son John and the heirs of his body 

&c, then to the use of my son Shute and the heirs of his body &c, then to 
the use and behoof of my aunts Mary Chauncy Sarah Greenough and 
Mehetable Hyslop of Boston in New England aforesaid and the heirs of 
their respective bodies &c. as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, 
then to the use and behoof of my own right heirs forever. 

Then follow instructions as to the care and management of the said 
estates and the investment and disposition of the debts, issues and profits 
thereof. The said William Berners, William Gunthorpe Samuel Mercer 
and Thomas Greenough to be executors of the wilt and guardians of the 
persons and estates of the said sons until they shall respectively attain the 
age of twenty one years. 

Witnesses Godfrey Kettle, Basinghall Street London. Tim y Thornhill 
clerk to M r Kettle. " Howell Powell servant to M r Kettle. 330, Bogg. 

[Richmond 
baptized 
Men. 12. 1752 Ann d. of Shute Shrimpton Yeamans Esq. & Matilda 
Nov. 16. 1754 Shute s. of do & do. 

buried 
June 15. 17G7 Matilda Yeamans 



Nov. 17. 1767 Miss Ann Yeamans 

Sep. 18. 1769 Shute Shrimpton Yeamans Esq. 



J. C. C. Smith.] 



[Henry Yeamans, father of John, the testator, married Miss Shute, her christian 
name not ascertained. She was a sister of Gov. Samuel Shute, who succeeded 
Joseph Dudley as Governor of Massachusetts and New Hampshire in 1716. 
Lieut. Governor John Yeamans, of Antigua, father of Henry Yeamans, accord- 
ing to the family history, had by his wife, previously named Nichols, besides 
Henry, an elder son John, and a younger, William, also six daughters, whose 
names are given in the " Yeamans pedigree," page 231, Sumner's History of East 
Boston. 

John, the testator, who died in 1749, married Elizabeth Shrimpton, daughter 
of Samuel Shrimpton, Jim. She was horn Aug. 26, 1702, died Dec. *, 1721. 
Their only son, Shute Shrimpton Yeamans, born Aug. 20, 1721, died Sept. 10, 
1769, married Matilda Gunthorp, had two daughters who died in infancy, as 
also a son John ; and a son Shute, who died under age, unmarried. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Stoddard, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Richardson, 
mentioned in the above abstract of the will as mother-in-law of the testator, 
married first, Samuel Shrimpton. Jun., who died May 25, 1703. By Samuel 
Shrimpton, Jun., she had a daughter Elizabeth, who married John Yeamans, as 
above stated. 

Elizabeth (Richardson) Shrimpton, the widow of Samuel Shrimpton, Jun., 
manned Dec. 23, 1713, David Stoddard, son of Simeon Stoddard. The latter 
had for his second wife. Elizabeth, widow of Col. Samuel Shrimpton. There 
being three Elizabeth Shrimptons, matrons and maiden, and two Samuel Shrimp- 
tons, father and son, each of whom had a wife and one a daughter named Eliza- 
beth, has heretofore led to some complication in the relationship details of 
certain members of the family. 

Maiy, Sarah and Mehetable Stoddard were, respectively, daughters of David 



166 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

and Elizabeth (Richardson, Shrimpton) Stoddard. .Mary married the Rev. 

Charles Ch-uincy D.D.: Sarah. D-.-a. Thomas Greenough ; fl;\d Mehetable, Wil- 
liam IIj -lop. The hitter- were the irtandparents of the hit'.' Gen. William Hys- 
lop Sumner, of Jamaica Plain. For further particulars, see "Stoddard Pedi- 
gree/' facing page 220, Simmer's. East B(» f on.—W. 15. Tkask.] 

John" "Williams of the parish of S' George the Martyr, in the Borough 

of Southwark and County of Surrey. Esq r (by mark) 25 petober 1718, 
proved 16 December 17* 18. All my arrears of pay due and owing to me, 
at the time of my decease, from the crown of Great Britian, as captain of 
oue of the independent companies of foot in North America. — and all my 
real and personal estate in the County of Cornwall and in the Kingdom of 
England and in North America, or elsewhere. I give to my loving brother 
George Williams and his heirs and assigns, whom I do make sole executor. 
"Wit : Robert Elliot, John Gibson, Daniel Prior and R. iiawson. 

Tenisou, 248. 

Sir Thomas Crooke of Baltamore, county Cork, Knight and Baronet, 
of the age of fifty six years or thereabouts, 17 February 1C2'J. proved 7 
May 1630. My wife Dame Mary Crooke to have my whole estate left to 
her sole managing and to remain henceforth as sole executrix, and neither 
of my two sons, Samuel Crookes nor James Crookes, shall intermeddle with 
any part of my lands and goods, but shall wholly wait upon their said 
mother for such supplies of charges for their education as to her shall seem 
fit, who, I doubt not, will be helpful to them according to her wisdom 
and ability. I have likewise one daughter, named Judith, divers years since 
married to Vincent Gooken Esq., who I know need be no charge to my late 
tattered estate; notwithstanding, as a token from her dear father. I would 
have her mother pay unto her ten pounds within a year next after my 
decease. I have a loving brother called Doctor Ilelkiah Crooke betwixt 
whom and me there is an old account of about thirty three pounds ; my will 
is that my executrix shall release that unto him. Another brother called 
Richard Crooke, who had shewed kindnes to my children in my absence. 
To him ten pounds, within one year &c. A loving son in law called Arthur 
Jackson, dwelling in Woodstreet London, from whom and from Mary 
his wife I have received so many kindnesses unto myself being present at 
several times and unto my children in my absence that I am not able to 
requite them; yet, as a friendly gift at parting, 1 bequeath to him the sum 
of twenty pounds and to Mary his wife the sum of ten pounds. Another 
brother called Samuel Crooke. Rector of "Wringtou in Somersetshire, where 
divers of my children have had their education for divers years, who hath a 
wife, my very loving sister, Judith Crooke; to them thirty pounds. My 
sister Rachel Rosse, wife of Henry Rosse of London, goldsmith, much im- 
poverished, & a good old aunt, called Aunt Hudson, a yearly 

pension of forty shillings. 

Wit : Helkiah Crooke, Arthur Jackson, Danyell Johnson, the mark of 
Alexander Hande. 

Reg. of Commissary Court of London (1620-34), fol. 27. 

Arthur Jackson of London, Clerk, proved 17 August 1660. Wife 
Mary. Eldest son Joseph, second son John. Messuage in Thredueedle 
Street. Son John's wife. Eldest daughter Mrs. Elizabeth Iloor. My 
second daughter Martha Jackson. My grand children (named). An in- 
terest in certain lauds in Ireland which were formerly my mother's Lady 
Crooke and now are the jointure of Lady Crooke the widow of my brother 
Sir Samuel Crooke. The poor of Waldingfield, SutFoik. Mico, 130. 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 1G7 

RiCHARD Richmond, citizen and leather seller of London, 15 April 
1 664, proved 23 January 1 GS4. To cousin Richaid Redd, my apprentice, 
one hundred pounds within one month after the expiration of his term of 
apprenticeship. To my brother Ilounsdon Richmond of S t Martins le 
Grand, victualler, one shilling. To my cousin Christopher Richmond of St. 
Martins aforesaid, shoemaker, one shilling. To my sister Anne Jennings 
of London, widow, one shillings. To my sister Margaret Richmond of 
Virginia in America, spinster, one shilling. To my cousin Anne Shipton, 
wife of Joseph Shiptou of London, Tallow Chandler, one shilling. To 
Mary Elsly, my sister, one shilling. To my cousin Christopher Rich- 
mond one shilling. To my cousin Katherine Johnson, wife of John John- 
son of London, Leather seller, one shilling. My wife Grace Richmond 
to be executrix and to have my tenements in Cary Lane, in the parish of 
S* John Zacharies, in London (at the sign of the Crown) during her 
natural life. I desire my wife to make my cousin Richard Rodd her 
executor. Cann, 0. 

Palmer. — In the last number of these Gleanings, a pedigree of the 
Palmer family and some abstracts of wills were printed. The following 
additional matter has been kindly contributed by J. Paul Rylands, Esq., 
F.S.A., of Heather Lea, Claughton, Birkenhead, England. 

Admissions to Lincoln's Inn, London. 

Midd x Joh'es Palmer generosus admissus est in Societatem hujus hospicii 
13 April 2 Anna; 1703. Henry Marty n, E. Norman Jun. [sureties.] 

Admissions to the Middle Temple, London. 

Nov. 29, 1703. Magister Joshua films et heres apparens Joshuas 
Palmer de Devoasheire Square extra Bishop Gate in comitatu Middlesex 
Medicinse professoris admissus est in Societatem Medii Templi specialiter. 

Nov. 3, 1707. Magister Johannes Palmer filius et heres apparens 
Archdale Palmer de Wanlip in comitatu Leicestria? Armigeri admissus 
est in Societatem Medii Templi specialiter. 

May 3, 1726. Magister Johannes Palmer filius unicus Johannis Palmer 
nuper de Libbery in comitatu Wigorn generosi defuueti admissus est in 
Societatem Medii Templi. 

17 July, 1740. Magister Johannes Palmer filius tertius Roberti Palmer 
de Clonmaken in comitatu Limerick in regno Hiberniae generosi admissus 
est in Societatem Medii Templi specialiter. 

Musgrave's Obituary. 
John Palmer, barrister-at-law, died 22 Feb. 1734. Gents. Ma«r. 107. 
John Palmer, of the Middle Temple, juris con: died 23 Dec. 1738. 
Gents. Mag. 660. Hist. Reg 1 . 50. 

Bishop of London: Marriage Licence Affidavit Booh. 

[Book 1706-8.] 1 Nov. 1708. Joseph Palmer, of S* Margarets, 
Lothbury, London, bachelor, aged 25, and Elizabeth Bate, of S 1 Margaret's, 
Westminster, spinster, aged 22. To marry at S t Martin's in the "Fields 
[but the marriage is not to be found in that register, nor in the register of 
JS l Margaret's, Westminster.] 



168 



Impressments at Warckam, Mass. 



[April, 



Lord Chamherlain's Records. — Messengers. 
[Vol. 249a, folio 12.] Jo. Palmer pro Mitchell 9 June 1714. 
[Vol. 2G1. folio 12.] Jn° Hutehins pro Joseph Palmer 29 July 1715. 

Prerogative Court, Canterbury. 

23 April 1761. AdmOn. to Joseph Palmer, late of the Precincts of 
Whitefriars, London, widower, deceased, granted to Ann Drury, widow, the 
daughter. [He died December, 1759.] 

Joseph Palmer. Esq., Queen's=Elizabeth. daujr'r of Thomas Bate, 



Messenger. Born about 1683, 
Died in Loudon, Dec. 17o'J. 
Ite.-ided in London & Leices- 
tershire. 



of A-hby-de-iaZouch, co. Leicester, 
Gent. Born lob;', married 170s, died 
about 17^8. 



Charles Drury, of Xot-=Anne Palmer, dau. 
tingham, Surgeon. | & coh. Bapt. at 
Bapt. at St. Peter's : Ashoy-de-la-Zouch 
Church there 19 July, j 23 Sept. 1711. Ad 
1704. Died 14 J ah 
1753, aged 4S. Bu 
in St. Peter's Church 



mix. to her father, 
I 1761. Died 7 May, 



17H3, aged 51. Bu- 
ried at St. Peter's 
Church, Notting- 
ham. 



I 
Thomas Kirkland, M.D.— Dorothy Palmer, da. 
and coll. Born 172-1. 
Married at Packing- 
ton, co. Leicester, 3 
August, 1747. Died 
24 Jan. & buried at 
Ashbv. 28 Jan. 1765. 



of Ashby-de-ia-Zouch. 
Bapt. at Ashbourne, co. 
Derby, 14 October, 17*2. 
Died at Ashby; 17 Jan. 
& buried in the chancel 
of the parish church 
there 22 Jan. 179S. A 
distinguished physician 
and author. 



/!\ 



/\ 



Query. — Who was Mr. Joseph Palmer named above.? 



IMPRESSMENTS AT WAREHAM, MASS., 1741 to 1748. 
By William Root Bliss, Esq., of Short Hills, N. J. 

IN 1741, and again in 1742, the King's snow came up Buzzard's Bay 
and carried off impressed me a. In the following years others were 
impressed into His Majesty's land service through the agency of Israel 
Fearing of Wareham (born 1682. died 1754), then a captain of the militia 
and a justice of the peace. He wrote the names of the impressed men in 
his account book, from which I copy them, below, exactly as they were 
written. He also furnished them with some equipments, which he noted 
in his account book, as follows : 

4halbuds, £11.00.00 
Cullers, 11.09.00 
Drum, 3.00.00 

And so equipped with drum, flags and halberds, these farmers went from 
home to fight for the King against French and Indians. 

There was plenty of colonial law for impressing these men. The earliest 
laws of Massachusetts provided for "Impresses" of laborers, cattle, men 
and merchandize for the King's service; and the way of doing it was regu- 
lated by the Great and General Court, from time to time, until the Revolu- 
tion. Falstarf acknowledged having "misused the King's press most 
damnably"; and men of authority in the colonies may have done the same 
thing. But it is probable that Israel Fearing's agency was merely to serve 
impressment warrants sent to him by superior officers. His record shows 



/ i 



1889.] University of Pennsylvania Alumni. 169 

that opportunity was given to the impressed men to buy substitutes, to 
obtain compensation, and even to run away: 

April. 1740. — Robert Bese impresed and Nathan Brigg's man; and Nathan 
Briggs crave Robert Bese fifteen pounds old tener for half a man and Robert 
Bese went to the Bstw&rd. 

May y c 15 day 1741 Josiah Cunit Impresed to go on bord ye snow And he 
Recived ten pounds in mony. 

And Edward Bump paid him 5 pounds for his sons. 

And John bump y° 3 two pounds. 

And After hadawa two pound? for his sun. 

And Joseph doty one pound for his sun. 

May y* 15 day 1741 Lent to Edward Bump five pounds in mony Lent to Joseph 
doty one pound In cash. 

March 1742 Joshua bese Impresed to go on bord y c sno and Joseph Landers 
paid 4 pounds for his sou to him. 

March y e 10 day 1743 Noah bump Imprests for his magests sarvis and 
Runaway. 

June y e IS day 1744 Jonathan bump Jun r Impresed and Samuel peary for his 
magist sarvis and they both went to the Est frontiers. 

March 4 day 1745 Oliver Nores impresed and Run away and Joseph doty Jun 
and Run away Edward bump impresed and Joshua bump And barnabas bates 
and these 3 went in his niagest sarvis to cap britan. 

June 13d 1745 Ebeuezer peary Jun and Jonathan bump Junr Listed for cap 
britten and I gave them fouer pounds apeace old tener. 

June 17 1745 Jabez bensen was Impresed and went to y e Estward. 

In 1745 Joshua Gibbes Jun Impresed and paul Rament and paul Rament 
Recived twenty pouns old tener and If Either of these are Impresed the other is 
to Apear and go Into his magestys sarvis or Else to irive 20 pounds old tener. 

July 23 day 174G biniamin Chubback Impresed and gave Xcah bum twenty 
pounds old ten to goo half for him. 

July 23 day 1746 Samuel peary and Noah bump impresed to go to the West- 
ward frunttery and Samuel peary Received 40 pounds old ten 20 pounds of John 
bushap for his sonn and ten pounds of Jorg Whit and ten pounds of Joh gibbes 
y e 20 pounds was for John Whit. 

Sepr 2G 1746 Jonathan Chubback Jun Impresed for Zeccues Bump At five 
pounds old ten Joseph Giford Jun prised at live pounds and ten shillings old 
tener for Edward bump to goo in his magty sarves. 

March 1748 Judah Swift and Joseph doty and Edward Rayment Imprest and 
hired Robart bese for 55 pounds. 



ALUMNI OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA 
WHO HAVE HELD OFFICIAL POSITIONS. 

By Richard H. Gkeene. A.M., of New York City. 

IN 1747, one year after the foundation of the College of New Jersey, 
Benjamin Franklin, with his pen, inaugurated the enterprise which re- 
sulted first in "A Public Academy of the City of Philadelphia," signed in 
1749, incorporated July 13, 1753, as an Academy of Pennsylvania, two years 
later changed to the '' College Academy and Charitable School of Penn- 
sylvania," which held its first commencement May 17, 1757, a year earlier 
than that of Kings, at New York. The old charters were abrogated in 
1779, a new institution was formed as the University of the State of Penn- 
sylvania, and in 1791 both were united as the University of Pennsylvania. 
This history is not unique. The Public School at Newtown, to which 
the General Court of Massachusetts gave funds in 1G36, became Harvard 

VOL. XLIII. 16 



170 



University of Pennsylvania Alumni. 



[April, 



College at Cambridge 1639, without moving its location. The Latin 
School at Warren, R. I.. 17G4, was removed to Providence 1770, along 
side of which had grown up the university, but it was many years after 
when the College of Rhode Island received the name of its beuefactor 
Nicholas Brown ; Dr. Wheelock and his Indian School removed from 
Lebanon, Connecticut, to Hanover, N. II., under a charter as Dartmouth 
College; Trinity was originally Washington, Columbia was Kings, and 
Rutgers was Queens College. 

The University graduated two signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, Francis Hopkinson and William Paca. Two members of the 
Board of War for the Colonies, Thomas Mifflin and Richard Peters. One 
Speaker of the Continental Congress, one of the U. S. House of Representa- 
tives, and two Presidents, pro tempore, of the United Stales Senate, 
William Bingham and James Murray Mason. 



Class. 
1819 
1825 
1789 
1819 



1768 
1770 
1776 
1789 



U. S. Cabinet Officers. 

Robert J. Walker, Secretary of the Treasury. 
Adolph E. Borie, " " Navy. 

Caesar A. Rodney, Attorney General. 

Henry Dilworth Gilpin, " " 



Foreign Ministers. 
U. S. M. to Buenos Ayres. 



1789 Caesar A. Rodney, 

1822 Wm. Bradford Reed, China. 

1839 Torben Bille, Danish Ambas. to Eng. 



William Bingham. 
Henry Latimer. 
William Coke. 
Caesar A. Rodney. 



U.S. Senators. 

1792 Jenkins Whitesides. 

1818 James Murray Mason. 

1819 Robert James Walker. 



Delegates and Members U. S. Congress. 



1757 
1757 
1759 
1759 
1760 
1760 
1760 
1761 
1761 



Francis Hopkinson. 
Hugh Williamson. 
William Paca. 
Andrew Allen. 
Robert Goldsborough. 
Whitmil Hill. 
Thomas Mifflia. 
William Fleming. 
Richard Peters. 



1759 
1761 
1766 
1776 



1759 
1760 
1792 



1763 Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant. 

1768 William Bingham. 

1773 Joshua Seney. 

1780 Samuel Sitgreaves. 

1782 James Kelley. 

1789 Caesar A. Rodney. 

1818 James Murrav Mason. 

1819 William Biddle Shepard. 
1831 Geo. A. Bicknell, Jr. 18 



U. S. District Judges. 
Francis Hopkinson, Dist. Pa. 1782 Joseph Hopkinson, Pa. 



1757 

1759 William Paca, 

1761 Richard Peters 



Md. 
Pa. 



1808 Philemon Dickerson, N. J. 
1821 JohnCadwalader, Pa. 



Judges of the highest State Courts. 



William Paca, Chf. J. Md. 1792 

Jasper Yales, J. Sup. Pa. 1812 

James Tilgkman, J. App. Md. 1828 

William Coke, J. Cir. Tenn. 1S31 



William Paca, Md. 
Thomas Mifflin, Pa. 
George Izard, Ark. T^ 



Governors. 

1808 
1S19 
1833 



Frederick Smith, J. Sup. Pa. 
Jno. Meredith Reed, Chf. J. Pa. 
George Sharswcod, Chf. J. Pa. 
Geo. A. Bicknell, Jr., J. Cir. Ind. 

8 

Philemon Dickerson, N. J. 
Robert James Walker, Kan. T. 
William Gilpin 7 Col. T. 6 



1889.] Thacher Family. 171 

Presidents of Colleges. 

1765 John Andrews, II. Pa. 1815 George B. Wood, Phys. Phil. 

1771 Robert Davidson, Dickin. 1821 Charles W. Nassau, Lafayette 

1771 Jno. McDowell. St. Jno. Md. 1S2G James P. Wilson, Del. 

1789 T. T. Hewson, Phys. Phil. 1830 Jos. Clark. Wash. Pa. 

1811 Samuel 15. How, Dickin. 1835 Jno. McClintock, Drew Theo. 

1812 Kich'd. Sharp Mason, Del. & Hob. 11 

Resume. 

U. S. Cabinet Officers, 4. Foreign Ministers, &c, 3. U. S. Senators, 7. 
Delegates and Representatives in "Congress, 18. U. S. District Judges, 6. 
Judges of the Highest State Courts, 8. Governors, 6. Presidents of Col- 
leges, 11. 



THACHER FAMILY. 

Communicated by Samuel Pearce May, Newton, Mass. 

REV. PETER THACHER of New Sarum, co. Wilts, Eng., 
made his will Feb. 1, 1640-1, in which he names his "wife 
Alice;" and leaves 5s. each, to buy rings, to his "wifes sisters," 
Elizabeth, Margarie, Marie and Dorothie; and makes his " loving 
brother Richard Allwood," and Francis Dove, overseers of his will. 

Mr. Thacher, it is known, married twice ; first to Anne ,who 

was "an invalid," Mar. 1, 1633-4, and died soon after; and second 

in 1635, to Alice , who survived him, and married the above 

named Francis Dove, whose initials appear upon the monument to 
Rev. Peter Thacher. 

It has heretofore been supposed that Mr. Thacher's second wife, 
Alice, was a sister of Richard Allwood, but I am now satisfied that 
this is an error, and that it was the first wife who was an Allwood. 
Henry Biley of New Sarum, in his will dated 18 Oct. 1633, and 
proved 23 June 1634, an abstract of which is printed in the Regis- 
tee, vol. 42, pp. 308-9; names his grandchildren, Christopher, 
Thomas, Alice, Elizabeth, Marie, Margerie and Dorothie Batt. 
Here we have five sisters of the same Christian names as Mrs. Alice 
Thacher and her four sisters, even to the French terminations of 
Marie, Margerie and Dorothie, found in both wills ; and knowing 
that their brother Christopher had married Anne, sister of Rev. 
Peter Thacher, the conclusion seems irresistible that his (Rev. P. T.'s,) 
second wife was no other than the Alice Batt named in Henry 
Biley's will. 

Assuming this to be the case, then it is a fair presumption that 
the first wife of Mr. Thacher was Ann Allwood, sister of Richard 
Allwood, the "loving brother-in-law" of Mr. Thacher's will ; and 
mother of Rev. Thomas Thacher, the First Pastor of the Old South 
Church in Boston. It is not known that Rev. Peter Thacher had 
more than one sister, viz. : Anne, wife of Christopher Batt. 









A 



172 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. [April, 



HARVARD COLLEGE ALUMNI WHO HAVE. RECEIVED THE 
HONORARY DEGREES NAMED. 



By the Hon. "William A. Kichaudsox, LL.D., 


Chief Justice cf the Court of Ciaii 




Washington, 1) 


. C. 


Class of 




From what Institution. 


1642 


Benjamin Woodbridge, D.D. 


Oxford 


165G 


Increase Mather, D.D. 


Harvard 


1678 


Cotton Mather, D.D. 


Glasgow 


1692 


Benjamin Colman. D.D. 


Glasgow 


1701 


Timothy Cutler, D.D. 


Oxford, Cambridge 


1707 


Joseph Sewall, D.D. 


Glasgow 


1710 


Edward Wigglesworth, D.D. 


Edinburgh 


1712 


Nathaniel Appleton, D.D. 


Harvard 


1713 


Stephen Williams, D.D. 


Dartmouth 


1714 


Ebenezer Gay, D.D. 


Harvard 


1719 


Solomon Williams, D.D. 


Yale 


1721 


Charles Chauncy, D.D. 


Edinburgh 




Ebenezer Pemberton, D.D. 


New Jersey 


1722 


Ebenezer Miller, D.D. 


Oxford 


1723 


Samuel Mather, D.D. 


Harvard 


1724 


David Hall, D.D. 


Dartmouth 


1725 


Mather Byles, D.D. 


Aberdeen 


1727 


Jonathan Trumbull, LL.D. 


Yale, Edinburgh 




Thomas Hutchinson, D.C.L. 


Oxford 


1730 


Peter Oliver, D.C.L. 


Oxford 


1732 


John Winthrop, LL.D. 


Edinburgh, Harvard 


1735 


John Phillips, LL.D. 


Dartmouth 


1737 


Samuel Webster, D.D. 


Harvard 




Andrew Eliot, D.D. 


Edinburgh 




Ebenezer Gay, D.D. 


Harvard 


1739 


Richard Salter, D.D. 


Yale 


1740 


Benjamin Stevens, D.D. 


Harvard 




Samuel Langdon, D.D. 


Aberdeen 




Samuel Adams, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1741 


John Tucker, D.D. 


Harvard 


1742 


Samuel Auchmuty, D.D. 


Oxford, Columbia 


1743 


Samuel Cooper, D.D. 


Edinburgh 




Gad Hitchcock, D.D. 


Harvard 




Daniel Shute, D.D. 


Harvard 


1744 


Jonathan Mayhew, D.D. 


Aberdeen 




Thomas Cushinjj, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Edward Bass, D.D. 


Pennsylvania 


1745 


James Bowdoin, LL.D. 


Harvard, Edinburgh 


1746 


Edward A. Hoiyoke, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1748 


Jacob Gushing, D.D. 


Harvard 




George Leonard. LL.D. 


Brown 


1749 


Samuel Haven, D.D. 


Edinburgh, Dartmouth 




Edward Wis^les worth, D.D. 


Harvard 




Robert T. Paine, LL.D. 


Harvard 



i 



1889.] Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. 



173 



1750 William Svmmes, D.D. 

1751 Mather Byles, D.D. 
John Willard, D.D. 
Eli Forbes, D.D. 
William Cbshirig, LL.D. 

1752 David Barnes, D.D. 

1753 James Dana, D.D. 

1754 Phillips Payson, D.D. 
Nathan Fiske, D.D. 
Samuel West, D.D. 
John Hancock, LL.D. 

1755 Samuel Locke, D.D. 
Moses Hemmenway, D.D. 

John Wentworth, D.C.L. 

David Sewall, LL.D. 
John Adams, LL.D. 
175G William Waiter, D.D. 

1757 Samuel Barrett, LL.D. 

1758 Simeon Howard. D.D. 

1759 Abiel Leonard, D.D. 
Paul Coffin, D.D. 
Jonathan Trumbull, LL.D. 

1760 Henry Cuming, D.D. 
Samuel Deane, D.D. 
John Lowell, LL.D. 

1761 Samuel West, D.D. 
John Marsh, D.D. 
Samuel Williams, LL.D. 
John Pickering, LL.D. 

1762 Jeremiah Belknap, D.D. 
William Shaw, D.D. 
Francis Dana, LL.D. 
Elbridge Gerry, LL.D. 
Peres Forbes, LL.D. 

1763 Timothy Pickering, LL.D. 

1764 Samuel Parker, D.D. 
John Cushing, D.D. 
Caleb Strong, LL.D. 

1765 Joseph Willard, D.D. 

1766 Thomas Barnard, D.D. 
Thomas Prentiss, D.D. 

1767 Enos Hitchcock, D.D. 
Thomas Barnard, LL.D. 
Timothy Farrar, LL.D. 

(at the age of 100 yrs.) 

1768 Nathaniel Porter, D.D. 

1769 Peter Thacher, D.D. 
Benjamin Wadsworth, D.D. 
James Winthrop, LL.D. 
Theophiius Parsons, LL.D. 

1770 Jacob Burnap, D.D. 

1771 David Tappan, D.D. 

VOL. XLIH. 16* 



Harvard 

Oxford 

Yale 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Edinburgh 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Brown, Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard, Dartmouth 

Oxford. 

LL.D.Dartmouth, Aberdeen 

Bowdoin 

Harv., Dartm., Yale, Brown 

Aberdeen 

Edinburgh 

Edinburgh 

New Jersey 

Harvard 

Yale 

Harvard 

Brown 

Harvard 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Edinburgh, Yale 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Brown 

N. Jersey, Brown, Harvard 

Pennsylvania 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard. LL.D. Yale 

Brown, Edinburgh 

Harvard 

Brown 

Edinburgh 

Harvard 

Harvard, Dartmouth 

Edinburgh 

Harvard 

Alleghany 

Harv., Dartm., Brown 

Harvard 

Harvard 









rii 






■weifl r 



,*H 






174 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. 



[April, 



Zedekiah Sun ire r, D.D. 
David Osgood; D.D. 
David Parsons, D.D. 
Samuel Phillips, LL.D. 

1772 John Eliot, D.D. 
Daniel Chaplin, D.D. 
William Eustis, LL.D. 

1773 Charles Stearns, D.D. 
Eliphalet Pearson, LL.D. 

1774 John Clarke, D.D. 
Fisher Ames, LL.D. 

1775 Benjamin Bourne, LL.D. 
177G Ezra Ripley, D.D. 

Christopher Gore, LL.D 
John Prince, LL.D. 
Samuel Sewall, LL.D. 

1777 Rufus King, LL.D. 

William Bentley, D.D. 
James Freeman, D.D. 
Jonathan Homer, D.D. 
Seth Payson, D.D. 
Eliphalet Porter, D.D. 

1778 Aaron Bancroft, D.D. 
Reuben Puffer, D.D. 
Nathan Dane, LL.D. 

1780 John Crane, D.D. 
Thomas L. Winthfop, LL.D. 

1781 Bezaleel Howard, D.D. 
John Davis, LL.D. 
Samuel Dexter, LL.D. 
Elijah Paine, LL.D. 
Dudley A. Tyng, LL.D. 

1782 Samuel Kendal, D.D. 
Henry Wight, D.D. 

Stephen Van liensselaer, LL.D. 

1783 Harrison Gray Otis. LL.D. 
William Prescott, LL.D. 
Ambrose Spencer, LL.D. 
Artemas Ward, LL.D. 

1784 Samuel Webber, D.D. 
Prentiss Mellen, LL.D. 

1785 John Allvn. D.D. 
Thaddeus Fiske. D.D. 
Henry Ware, D.D. 

1786 John Andrews, D.D. 
William Harris. D.D. 
Alden Bradford, LL.D. 
John Lowell, LL.D. 
Isaac Parker, LL.D. 

1787 Abiel Abbot, D.D. 
Peter Eaton, D.D. 
Thaddeus M. Harris, D.D. 



Brown 

Yale 

Brown 

Harvard 

Edinburgh 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Yale, Xew Jersey 

Edinburgh 

New Jersey 

Brown 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Brown 

Harvard 
J Dartmouth, Williams, 
( Harvard, Pennsylvania 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Brown 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Brown 

Trinity 

Harvard 

Dartmouth, Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard, Vermont 

Harvard 

Yale 

Brown 

Yale 

Harvard 

Harvard, Dartmouth 

Pennsylvania, Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard, Bowdoin 

Harvard 

Columbia 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard, Columbia 

Bowdoin 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 



1889.] 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. 



175 






Hezekiah Packard, D.D. 
Samuel Putnam, LL.D. 
John Quincy Adams, LL.D. 
"William Crancl), LL.D. 
James Lloyd, LL.D. 

1788 Daniel C. Sanders, D.D. 
Benjamin Abbott, LL.D. 

1789 John T. Kirkland, D.D. 
Nathaniel Thaver, D.D. 

1790 Thomas Gray," D.D. 
Josiah Quincv, LL.D. 

1792 Abiel Abbot," D.D. 
John S. Popkin, D.D. 
Levi Hedge, LL.D. 

'" William Sullivan, LL.D. 

1793 Charles Coffin, D.D. 
John Pierce, D.D. 
Charles Jackson, LL.D. 

1794 Joseph McKean, LL.D. 

1795 Theodore Dehon, D.D. 
Samuel J. Prescott, LL.D. 

1796 James Kendall, D.D. 
Leonard Woods, D.D. 
James Jackson, LL.D. 
John Pickering, LL.D. 

1797 John H. Church, D.D. 

William Jenks, D.D. 

Horace Binney, LL.D. 
William M. Richardson, LL.D. 
Asahel Stearns, LL.D. 
Daniel A. White, LL.D. 

1798 William E. Charming, D.D. 
Jonathan French, D.D. 
Joseph Tuckerman, D.D. 
Stephen Longfellow. LL.D. 
Joseph Story, LL.D. 

1799 Henry Edes, D.D. 
Humphrey Moore. D.D. 
Parker Cleaveland, LL.D. 

1800 Joshua Bates, D.D. 
Charles Lowell, D.D. 
James Morss, D.D. 
Timothy Boutelle, LL.D. 
Lemuel Shaw, LL.D. 

1801 George O. Stuart, LL.D. 

1802 William Allen, D.D. 
John Cod man, D.D. 
Nathan B. Crocker, D.D. 
James Flint, D.D. 
Ichabod Nichols, D.D. 
Charles Wellington, D.D. 



Harvard 

Harvard 

New Jersey, Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Dartmouth 

New Jersey. LL.D. Brown 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Yale 

Harvard 

Williams 

Harvard 

Harvard 

N. Jersey. D.D. Alleghany 

New Jersey 

Aberdeen 

Harvard 

Dartmouth, New Jersey 

Harvard 

Bowdoin, Harvard 

Williams 

Harvard, Bowdoin. 

LL.D. Bowdoin 

Harvard 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Bowdoin 

Brown, Harvard, Dartm. 

Harvard 

Alleghany 

Bowdoin 

Yale 

Harvard 

New Jersey 

Colby 

Harvard, Brown 

Royal Windsor. 

D.D. Harvard 

Harvard 

New Jersey, Harvard 

Hobart 

Harvard 

Brown, Harvard 

Harvard 



176 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. [April, 





James T. Austin, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Samuel Hoar, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Levi Lincoln, LL.D. 


Williams, Harvard 




Leverett Sakonstall, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1803 


Asa Eaton, D.D. 


Columbia 




Nathan Parker, D.D. 


Bowdoin 




Samuel Willard, D.D. 


Harvard 




Edward Payson, D.D. 


Bowdoin 




John Farrar, LL.D. 


Brown 




James Savage, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1804 


Stephen Chapin, D.D. 


Brown 




Jason Crosby, D.D. 


Harvard 




Benjamin Merrill, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Ashur Ware, LL.D. 


Bowdoin 


1805 


Benjamin Tappan, D.D. 


Colby, Bowdoin 




Ward Chipmam LL.D. 


Harvard 


1806 


Charles Burroughs, D.D. 


Columbia 




Jonathan Cogswell, D.D. 


City of New York 




Isaac Hurd, D.D. 


Dartmouth 




Jacob Bigelow, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Joseph G. Cogswell, LL.D. 


Trinity, Harvard 




Alexander H. Eyerett, LL.D. 


Vermont, Middlebury 




Daniel Oliver, LL.D. 


Hobart 




William P. Preble, LL.D. 


Bowdoin 


1807 


Warren Fay, D.D. 


Dartmouth 




Francis Park man, D.D. 


Harvard 


1808 


Ralph Sanger, D.D. 


Harvard 




Richard H. Dana, LL.D. 


Williams 




Benjamin Rand, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1809 


Joseph Field, D.D. 


Harvard 




Francis C. Gray, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1810 


Edward Andrews. D.D. 


Hobart 




Willard Phillips, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1811 


Joseph Allen, D.D. 


Harvard 




David Damon, D.D. 


Harvard 




Nathaniel L. Frothingham, D.D. 


Harvard 




Samuel Gilman, D.D. 


Harvard 




Benjamin F. Dunkin, LL.D. 


Harvard 
( Yale,' Harvard, Dublin, 




Edward Everett, LL.D. 


-j Cambridge, Dartmouth. 
( D.C.L. Oxford 




John C. Gray, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Ebenezer Lane, LL.D. 


Kenyon, Harvard 


1812 


Henry Ware, D.D. 


Harvard 




Franklin Dexter, LL.D. 


Harvard 




James H. Dud can, LL.D. 


Brown 




Charles G. Loring, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Peleg Sprague, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Jonathan M. Wainwright, D.C.L. 


Oxford. D.D. Union, Harv 


1813 


Isaac Boyle. D.D. 


Trinity, Columbia 




John Brazer, D.D. 


Harvard 




Samuel L. Dana, LL.D. 


Amherst 




Thomas A. Deblois, LL.D. 


Bowdoin 















SI8I 






1889.] Honorary Degrees of Harvard Al 



umni. 



Ill 



Martyn Paine, LL.D. 
William Willis. LL.D. 

1814 Andrew Bigelow, D.D. 
Francis W. P. Greenwood, D.D. 
Alvan Lam&on, D D, 

James Walker, D.D. 
Samuel D. Bradford, LL.D. 
Pliny Merrick, LL.D. 
Frederick A. Packard, LL.D. 

William II. Prescott, LL.D. 

James Walker, LL.D. 

1815 Converse Francis, D.D. 
George G. Ingersoll, D.D. 
Levi W. Leonard, D.D. 

John G. Palfrey, D.D. 

John L. Warson, D.D. 
George Eustis, LL.D. 
John A. Lowell, LL.D. 
Theophilns Parsons, LL.D. 
Jared Sparks, LL.D. 

1816 William B. O. Peabody, D.D. 
Henry J. Riplev, D.D. 
Samuel D. Bell, LL.D. 

1817 Asa Cummings, D.D. 
Joseph II. Jones, D.D. 
Stephen H.Tyng, D.D. 
Alva Woods, D^D. 

George Bancroft, LL.D. 

Caleb Gushing, LL.D. 
George B. Emerson, LL.D. 
Stephen Salisbury, LL.D. 
Benjamin Waterhouse, LL.D. 

1818 Samuel Barrett, D.D. 
Frederick A. Farley, D.D. 
George R. Noyes, D.D. 
Thomas Worcester, D.D. 
Sidney Bartlett, LL.D. 
Henry K. Oliver, Doct. Music 

1819 Milton P. Braman, D.D. 

1820 William H. Furness, D.D. 
Edward S. Gannett, D.D. 
Edward B. Hall, D.D. 
Alexander Young, D.D. 
W T illiam G. Read, LL.D. 

1821 Ralph W. Emerson, LL.D. 
Edward Kent. LL.D. 

1822 Theodore Edson. D.D. 
AIouzo Hill, D.D. 



Vermont 

Bowdoin 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Midulebury 

Harvard 

New Jersey 
f Columbia, Wm. & Mary, 
< South Carolina, Harvard. 
( D.C.L. Oxford 

Yale, Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 
j Harvard. 
( LL.D. St. Andrew, Harvard 

Columbia 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Dartmouth, Harvard 

Harvard 

Alabama, Harvard 

Dartmouth 

Bowdoin 

Lafayette, Harvard 

Jefferson, Harvard 

Brown 
( Union, Harvard, Bonn. 
•< Doc. Litt. Columbia. 
( D.C.L. Oxford 

Harvard 

Brown, Harvard 

Harvard 

Glasgow 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Georgetown 

Harvard 

Colby 

Hobart 

Harvard 



178 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. 



[April, 



Samuel M. Worcester, D.D. 
George Folsom, LL.D. 
John Frost, LL.D. 

1823 William P. Lunt, D.D. 
George Ripley, LL.D. 

1824 George W. Burnap, D.D. 
Robert B. Drane, D.D. 
Richard Fuller, D.D. 
William Horton, D.D. 
William Newell, D.D. 
Samuel P. Parker, D.D. 

1825 Frederick H. Hedge, D.D. 
Samuel K. Lothrop, D.D. 
Paul Trapier, D.D. 

Charles Francis Adams. LL.D. 
Arthur W. Austin, LL.D. 
Charles H. Davis, LL.D. 
Frederick H. Hedge, LL.D. 

1826 Nehemiah Adams, D.D. 
George W. Hosmer, D.D. 
Cazneau Palfrey, D.D. 
Andrew P. Peabody, D.D. 
George Putnam, D.D. 
Oliver Stearns, D.D. 
Samuel F. Haven, LL.D. 
Willard Parker, LL.D. 
Timothy Walker, LL.D. 

1827 Alfred Lee, D.D. 

William A. Stearns, D.D. 
Seth Sweetser, D.D. 
Edmund L. Gushing, LL.D. 
Cornelius Conway Felton, LL.D. 
William A. Stearns, LL.D. 

1828 Charles Babbidge, D.D. 
John J. Gilchrist, LL.D. 
George S. Hillard, LL.D. 



1829 



1830 



1831 



Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D. 

James Freeman Clarke, D.D. 
Chandler Robbins, D.D. 
Samuel F. Smith, D.D. 
George T. Bigelow, LL.D. 
Benjamin R. Curtis, LL.D. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, LL.D. 

Benjamin Peirce, LL.D. 
Samuel B. Babcock, D.D. 
Samuel M. Emery, D.D. 
Jonathan F. Stearns, D.D. 
Charles Sumner, LL.D. 
John H. Morison, D.D. 



Amherst 

Vermont 

Marshall 

Harvard 

Laurence, Michigan 

Harvard 

North Carolina 

Columbian, Harvard 

Hobart 

Harvard 

Union 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Charleston 

Harvard, Yale 

Middlebury 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Amherst 

Harvard 

Bowdoin 

Harvard. LL.D. Rochester 

Bowdoin 

Harvard 

Amherst 

New Jersey 

Harvard 

Trinity, Kenyon, Hobart, 

Harvard, Delaware 

Harvard 

Amherst 

Harvard 

Amherst, Yale 

New Jersey 

Harvard 

Dartmouth, Harvard 

Trinity 

Bowdoin, Kenyon, Harv., 

Cambridge 

Harvard 

Harvard 

Colby 

Harvard 

Harvard, Brown 

Harvard, 

D.C.L. Oxford 

Doct. Litt. Cambridge 

North Carolina, Harvard 

Columbia 

Trinity 

New Jersey 

Yale, Amherst, Harvard 

Harvard 



Edinburgh. 

































.CUT 

■ 



1889.] 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni, 



179 





Francis Gardner, LL.D. 


Williams 
( City of New York, Harv., 




John Lothrop Motley, LL.D. 


1 Cambridge, Leyden. 
( D.C.L. Oxford 


1832 


Henry W. Bellows, D.D. 


Harvard 




Charles Mason. D.D. 


Harvard, Trinity 




Samuel Osgood, D.D. 


Harvard. LL.D. Hobart 




Charles K. True, D.D. 


Harvard 




Josiah G. -Abbott, LL.D. 


Williams 


1833 


George E. Ellis, D.D. 


Harvard. LL.D. Harvard 




Abiel A. Livermore, D.D. 


Harvard 




Robert T. S. Lowell, D.D. 


Union 




Edward J. Stearns, D.D. 


Hobart 




Francis Bowen, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Joseph Lovering, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Henry Wl Torrev, LL.D. 


Harvard 




William Whiting' LL.D. 


Colby 




Morrill Wyman, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1834 


Henry Burroughs, D.D. 


Trinity 


1835 


E. Rockwood Hoar, LL.D. 


Williams, Harvard 


1836 


John T. G. Nichols, D.D. 


Bowdoin 


1837 


David G. Haskins, D.D. 


Columbia 




Plenry J. Bigelow, LL.D. 


Harvard 




Richard H. Dana, LL.D. 


Harvard. D.C.L. Hobart 




Amos Perry, LL.D. 


Griswold 


1838 


James I. T. Coolidge, D.D. 


Hobart 




Rufus Ellis, D.D. 


Yale 




Edward A. Washburn, D.D. 


Trinity 




Charles Devens, LL.D. 


Harvard, Columbian 




Charles P. James, LL.D. 


Georgetown 




Rufus King, LL.D. 


Rochester, Kenyon 
( Cambridge, Harvard, 




James Russell Lowell, LL.D. 


•< St. Andrew, Edinburgh, 
( Bologna. D.C.L. Oxford 




William W. Story, D.C.L. 


Oxford 


1839 


Edward Everett Hale, D.D. 


Harvard 




Pliny E. Chase, LL.D. 


Haverford 




Samuel Eliot, LL.D. 


Columbia, Harvard 




Ellicott Evans, LL.D. 


Hobart 




Nathaniel H. Morison, LL.D. 


St. John 


1840 


James E. Cabot, LL.D. 


Harvard 




J. C. Bancroft Davis, LL.D. 


Columbia 




William G. Russell, LL.D. 


Harvard 


1841 


Eben S. Stearns, D.D. 


Amherst, Nashville 


1842 


John F. Moors, D.D. 


Harvard 




Andrew Oliver, D.D. 


( Hobart, St. Stephens, 
\ General Theological 




Asa I. Fish, LL.D. 


Kenyon 


1843 


Thomas Hill, D.D. 


Harvard. LL.D. Yale 




James H. Means, D.D. 


Williams 




John Lowell, LL.D. 


Williams, Harvard 




William A. Richardson, LL.D. 


( Columbian, Georgetown, 
\ Howard, Dartmouth 









. 






:il*L 



0**1 






180 



Honorary Degrees of Harvard Alumni. [April, 



1844 

1815 
1846 



1847 



1848 






John C. Dalton, LL.D. 
Benjamin A. Gould, LL.D. 
Horace Gray, LL.D. 
Francis J. Child. LL.D. 
Fitz Edward Hall, D.C.L. 

George F. Hoar, LL.D. 

Charles Eliot Norton, Doc. Litt. 

Charles Short, LL.D. 
William C. Endicott, LL.D. 
Edward Tuckerman, LL.D. 
Ferdinand C. Ewer, D.D. 
Eugene A. Hoffman, D.D. 
Horatio Stebbins, D.D. 
Edward J. Young, D.D. 
Thomas Chase, LL.D. 
Josiah P. Cooke, LL.D. 
Joseph H. Thayer, D.D. 
Howard Osgood, D.D. 
James C. Carter, LL.D. 
William W. Goodwin, LL.D. 
Christopher C. Langdell, LL.D. 
Caleb D. Bradlee, D.D. 
Joseph II. Choate, LL.D. 
William L. Gage, D.D. 
Pelham Williams, D.D. 
Charles W. Eliot, LL.D. 
Sylvester Waterhouse, LL.D. 
Justin Winsor, LL.D. 



1854 William S. Perry, D.D. 

Horace H. Furness, LL.D. 

1855 Phillips Brooks, D.D. 



1850 



1851 



1852 
1853 



1856 

1857 

1859 

1861 

1863 
1869 
1870 

1871 
1879 



Alexander Agassiz, 



-L.D. 



Carleton Hunt, LL.D. 
George D. Robinson, LL.D. 
Jeremiah Smith, LL.D. 
John D. Long, LL.D. 
Joseph May, LL.D. 
William R. Huntington. D.D. 
Alexander McKenzie, D.D. 
James K. Stone, D.D. 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, LL.D. 
Charles S. Fairchild, LL.D. 
Francis G. Peabodv, D.D. 
Richard T. Greener, LL.D. 
John S. White, LL.D. 
William W. Bovd, D.D. 
William D. Hyde, D.D. 



Columbia 

Harvard, Columbia 

Harvard, Brown 

Harv. Doct. Litt. Columbia 

Oxford 
j William & Mary, 
[ Amherst, Yale, Harvard 
( Cambridge, Columbia. 
\ LL.D. Harvard 

Ken yon 

Harvard 

Amherst 

Columbia 

Rutgers, Racine, Columbia 

Bowdoin 

Tufts 

Harv. Doct. Litt. Haverford 

Cambridge 

Yale, Harvard 

Brown 

Harvard 

Amherst, Camb., Columbia 

Harvard, Beloit 

Galesville 

Amherst, Harvard 

Olivet 

Columbia 

Williams, N. Jersey, Yale 

Missouri 

Michigan 
( Trinitv, Oxford. 
\ LL.D! William & Marv. 
( D.C.L. Bishops, Kings* 

Penn., Doct. Litt. Columbia 

! Union, Harvard, Oxford, 
Columbia 
f Harvard, Doc. Sc. 
\ Camb. Doct. Sc. Bologna 

Louisiana 

Amherst, Harvard 

Dartmouth 

Harvard 

Jefferson Med. Coll. 

Columbia 

Amherst 

Racine 

Yale 

Harvard 

Yale 

Liberia 

Trinity 

Shurtlefl 

Harvard 



31 





















1889.] Witchcraft in New Hampshire. 181 

Note. — The degree of Master of Arts has been conferred honoris causa 
upon many graduates, but it has also been more frequently conferred " in 
course," and by courtesy. Formerly, that degree was given to any alumnus 
of good standing after three years from graduation, as a second degree in 
course, but the last class at Harvard, upon whose members it was so con- 
ferred, was that of 1869. 

In the early days of American Colleges, it was the rule, as provided at 
Harvard by an academic statute, that u persons who have received a degree 
in any other university may be admitted ad eundem gradem." Many grad- 
uates of Harvard received from other colleges, under a like rule, the de- 
grees of B.A. and M.A. The statute of Harvard was abrogated in 1872, 
and the custom of giving ad eundem degrees now seems generally, if not 
everywhere, to have been abandoned. 

The degree of Doctor of Philosophy is conferred in other universities, 
not only after residence and examination, but honoris causa. In the case 
of George Bancroft (class of 1817) this degree was given to him in the 
first manner in 1820 by the University of Gottingen. Just fifty years 
thereafter, on the occasion of his revisitiug the University, the same degree 
was again conferred upon him honoris causa. 

I have not undertaken to ascertain, and have not included in this list, on 
account of the difficulty of distinguishing them, the cases in which those 
degrees have been conferred honoris causa. Nor does this list extend to 
those graduates of the professional schools who are not of the Alumni. 

Richard H. Dana, class of 1837, received the honorary degree of D.C.L. 
from Hobart College. No other Harvard Alumnus, and perhaps no other 
person, has received that degree from any institution in this country. It is 
the high honorary degree of Oxford, as LL.D. is that of Cambridge and of 
American Colleges. 

Of Benj. Woodbridge (class of 1642) whose name is first on this list, 
Mr. Sibley in his " Harvard Graduates " says : " In the Triennial Cata- 
logue of Harvard University he bears the title of Doctor of Divinity. 
Neither Mather nor Calamy mentions this honor. If he had the title it 
must have been given to him at Oxford under Cromwell, for under no other 
administration could a Puritan divine have received it." 



WITCHCRAFT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE IN 1656. 

Comnvanicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

IN June, 1656, Good wife Jane Walford, wife of Thomas Walford, 
the first settler of Charlestown, Mass., then a resident of Ports- 
mouth, N. H., was brought before the Court of Associates on the 
complaint of Susannah, wife of Oliver Trimmings, of Little-Harbor, 
Pascataqua, charged with witchcraft. Mrs. Trimmings's testimony, 
taken April 18, 1656, was as follows : — 

On the Lord's Day, 30th of March, at night, going with Good wife Ear- 
ton, she separated from her at the freshet next her house. On her return 
between Goodman Evans' and Robert Davis's, she heard a rustling in 
the woods which she at first thought was occasioned by swine, and 

VOL. XLIK. 17 



182 Witchcraft in JVew Hampshire. [April, 

presently after, there did appear to her a woman whom she apprehended to 
be old Goodwife Waiford. She asked me where my consort was; I an- 
swered I had none. She said thy consort is at home by this time. Lend 
me a pound of cotton. I told her I had but two pounds in the house, and 
I would not spare any to my mother. She said I had better have done it; 
that my sorrow was great already, and it should be greater — for I was 
going a great journey, but I should never come there. She then left me, 
and I was struck as with a clap of fre on the back, and she vauished 
toward the water side, in my apprehension, in the shape of a cat. She 
had on her head a white linen hood tied under her chin, and her waistcoat 
and petticoat were red, with an old green apron and a black hat on her 
bead. 

Mr. Trimmings testified on the same day as to the sad condition 
of his wife on her return home. Other depositions were taken later. 
Eliza Barton saw Mrs. Trimmings while she was ill, and found her 
face was colored and spotted with several colors, and her eyes looked as 
if they had been scalded. When Mrs. T. told her story, the deponent 
replied that "it was nothing but her fantasy." It was proved by a 
witness that Mrs. Waiford was at home on the 30th of March 
"till quite dark, as well as she ever was in her life." Nicholas 
Rowe testified that on two occasions, Mrs. Waiford appeared to him 
while he was in bed and put her hand on his breast so that he could 
not speak and he was in great pain till the next day. John Pudding- 
ton testified that Mrs. AValford had said that her own husband called 
her a witch. Puddington and his wife Agnes testified about the 
appearance of a yellowish cat in their garden, and other cats, but 
no testimony to connect the cats with Mrs. Waiford was given. 

At the court in June, 1656, Mrs. Waiford was bound over to the 
next court, but the complaint w r as probably dropped at the next term. 

Thirteen years later, March 22, 1669, Mrs. Waiford brought an 
action for slander in the County Court against Robert Couch, and 
laid her damages at one thousand pounds. The verdict was in her 
favor, but she was only awarded five pounds and costs of court.* 
The following document, the original of wdiich is in my possession, 
was probably used in this case. 

To the hon ble Court now sitting at the Great Hand 
The Humb le Narratiue of Robert Couch 

He doth declare that since he Came iuto these parts of the Countrey (w ch 
hath not bin yet two yeares) He hath bin Sent for by severall that haue 
found themselues strangely distempered. And according to the best of his 
knowledge and vnderstanding those distempers were not produced from 
naturall Causes But Rather judge from some diabolicall meanes, As there 
hath bin one of that Nature w ch hath Applyed himselfe vnto him for his 
Assistaunc Since the sitting of this Court. 

And he doth Humbly Beseech this Hon bIe Court that he might not be 
mistaken in your Judg ruC in the Grounds and Reasons of his proceedings 

• For fuller details see Collections of the New Hampshire Historical Society, Vol. I. 
pp. 255-7; Adams's Annals of Portsmouth, N. H., pD. 33-40; Drake's Annals of Witch- 
craft, pp. 103-7. 



1889.] Lithobolia. 183 

ag* goo<ly walford or any other of her Confederates, ffor he doth most 
Solemnly declare in the p'sence of God And before this Authority That it 
is not from any Sinister End to himselfe, or from Any prejudice to any of 
them (Soe far as they pertaine to heauen) Neither hathe he Receiued any 
Cause for it from any of them And doth hope in that power and strenght 
of his Gcd that hath p r serued him from their wicked Cruelty hithertoo will 
ever defend him. But the sole and only Ground was for the discharge of 
his duty As he stands Related both to God and Man. tfbr the honor and 
Glory of God is as much Trampled on by them As the Blood and life of 
the Creature. And Although God wants not the Assistance of his poore 
Creatures for the vindicating of his honor yet he Requires it from them as 
their duty according to their Capacities. To stand still when the Glory 
and Ma tie of God is Threatnid to be Run at the heart by such wicked and 
Infernall vassells, It doth x\rgue A weake and slender Affection. Al- 
though An Oral Christian may be taking to men yet it is A practical Chris- 
tian that takes w th heauen. And your Suppliant cloth verily thinke that he 
stands as much obligd to God in Giueing him such A spirit at such A tyme 
then if God had possest him w tb an Estate not Inferior to the largest. 

And he doth farthur most humbly Request this Hon ble Court, that they 
would be pleased to take some Course for A diligent Inquiery to their dis- 
covorey That Justice may Reward them to their deserts. Till then we 
may expect to feele Gods displeasure. 

To the truth of this I subscribe my Name 

Robt Couch. 

I presume that the above Darned Eobert Couch was the person 
bearing these names who was a chirurgeon of the parish of Stepney 
in the county of Middlesex, England, and who on the 6th of April, 
1663, received a power of attorney from Capt. John Tottey of 
RatclifF in that parish. Couch was then bound on a voyage to New 
England.* Savage in his Genealogical Dictionary, under Robert 
Couch, states that he was in 8 2J«w Hampshire, 1656-69." I suspect, 
however, that he had no authority for this statement except the 
documents in the first volume of the Collections of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society above quoted ; and that he erroneously 
supposed that Couch participated in tho prosecution of Mrs. Walford 
for witchcraft in 1656. I find no evidence that he was in New Eng- 
land before 1663. Where did he reside between 1663 and 1667 ? 



LITHOBOLIA, OR THE STONE -THROWING DEVIL. 

By John "Waed Dean, A.M. 

ON Sunday night, June 11, 1682, showers of stone were thrown, 
apparently by invisible hands, against the house of George 
Walton at Great Island, now New Castle, N. H. These and similar 
manifestations continued in this vicinity for about three months 

* Suffolk Deed3, Lib. iv. pages 310-11. 



184 Lithobolia. [April, 

into tne month of September. Cotton Mather in his Magnolia, vol. 
ii., stereotyped edition, page 453, gives an account of this affair; 
and, in 1698, a tract concerning it was printed at London, England, 
with this title : 

Lithobolia, or the Stone-throwing Devil. Being an Exact and True 
Account (by way of Journal) of the various actions of infernal Spirits or 
(Devils Incarnate) Witches or both; and the great Disturbance and Amaze- 
ment they gave to George Waltons Family at a place called Great Island 
in the Province of New Hantshire in New England, chiefly in throwing about 
(by an Invisible hand) Stones, Bricks and Brick-bats of all Sizes, with 
several other things, as Hammers, Mauls, Iron-Crows, Spits, and other 
domestic Utensils, as came into their Hellish Minds, and this for the space 
of a Quarter of a Year. By R. C. Esq., who was a sojourner in the same 
Family the whole Time, and an Ocular Witness of those Diabolical In- 
ventions. The Contents hereof being manifestly known to the Inhabitants 
of that Province and persons of other Provinces, and is upon record in his 
Majesties Council-Court held for that Province. London: Printed and 
are to be sold by E. Whitlook, near Stationers-Hall, 1698.* 

The following is " The Epistle Dedicatory " prefixed to the tract : 

To 

The Most Honoured 
Mart. Lumley, Esq., 
Sir 

As the subsequent Script deserves not to be called a Book, so these precedent 
Lines presume not to be a Dedication : But, Sir, it is an occasion that I am 
ambitious to lay hold on, to discover to You by this Epitome (as it were) the 
propension and inclination I have to give a more* tit and perfect demonstration 
of the Honour, Love and Sen-ice, I own (as I think myself oblig'd) to have for 
You. To Sober, Judicious and well Principled Persons, such as your Self, plain 
Truths are much more agreeable than the most Charming and" surprising Ro- 
mance or XoveL with all the strange turns and events. That this is of the first 
sort (as I have formerly upon record attested) I do now avow and protest ; yet 
neither is it less strange than true and so may be capable of giving you some 
Diversion for an hour. Tor tnis interruption of your more serious ones, I 
cannot doubt your candor and clemency, in pardoning it, that so well know 
(and do most sensibly acknowledg) your high Worth and Goodness : and that 
the Relation I am Diguiued with, infers a mutual Patronization. 

Sir, I am 

Your most Humble Servant 
R. C. 

The Bibliotheca Britannica by Robert Watt, M.D. (London 1824) 
gives as the author of this tract the name of Richard Chamberlain, and so 
do subsequent works. George H. Moore, LL.D., who has furnished me 
with a copy of the preceding dedication, writes that the tract is ascribed 
to Richard Chamberlain in the printed catalogue of the British Museum of 
1814, as well as in that now in the course of publication. 

Richard Chamberlain, to whom the tract is attributed, arrived in New 
Hampshire from England in December, 1680, bringing the King's com- 

• There are copies of this tract in the Lenox Library, New York City, the Harvard 
College Library, Cambridge, Mass., and the John Carter Brown Library, Providence, R. I. 
From the printed catalogue of the last named library, I copy the following collation: 
"4to. Title one leaf, 'Epistle Dedicatory' one leaf," 'Poem* "to R. F. E;q.' one page, 
Text 3-16." 

The M Poem to R. F. Esq." is signed R. C. Query— Who was R. F. ? 



1889.] Lithobolia. 185 

mission appointing him secretary of that province. This office he held till 
1 &8C), when New Hampshire ceased for a time to have a separate government.* 
After the organization of the new government of New England, President 
Dudley and his Council appointed him, June 10, 1686, clerk of the courts 
of the province of New Hampshire.! He probably returned to England, 
but at what time I cannot decide. 

Internal evidence supports Chamberlain's claim to the authorship of the 
tract. The title page of Lithobolia states that the facts related in the 
tract are "upon record in his Majestie's Council Court held for that [i. e. 
the New Hampshire] Province;" while in the dedication the author states 
that he has " formerly upon record attested " to these facts. As Chamber- 
lain was clerk of the council, any entries upon the council records would 
be attested by him. In the body of the tract it is stated that the au- 
thor in 1682 was in America "in his then Majesty's Service." Cham- 
berlain at that time held his commission from the then reigning sovereign 
Charles II. 

The dedication may furnish a clew to the English history of Secretary 
Chamberlain, or at least to the family to which he belonged. "Mart. 
Lumley, Esq.," to whom the tract is dedicated, was probably Martyn Lum- 
ley, son of Sir Martyn Lumley, the first baronet of that name, of Great 
Bardfield in Essex. Martyn Lumley, Esq., was bapt. at Great Bardiield, 
March 27, 1662, and married for his second wife in 1695, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Chamberlayn of Gray's Inn. In August, 1702, on 
the death of his father, he succeeded to the baronetcy. He died at Great 
Bardfield, and was buried there, Jan. 19, 1710.J Is it not safe to con- 
jecture that Elizabeth Chamberlain who married Lumley was a daughter, 
sister or other near relative to the author of Lithobolia, who, in his dedica- 
tion, refers to " the Relation I am Dignified with " as a motive for dedicat- 
ing the work to Lumley. 

Richard Chamberlayne, the father of Mrs. Elizabeth Lumley, who, if 
not the New Hampshire secretary was probably related to him, was " son 
and heir apparent to William C of London, gen" He was admitted to 
Gray's Inn, "6 May 1651,called to the bar 11 Nov. 1659, ancient 17 April 
1676."§ Whether he was or not of the same family as John Chamberlaine 
of London, an abstract of whose will is printed in the January number of 
the Register [ante, pp. 89-91), I cannot say. 

The tract entitled Lithobolia was reprinted in the Historical Magazine, 
New York, November, 1861, vol. v. pages 321-7. The same magazine, 
May 1862, vol. vi. pages 159-60, reprints from the Portsmouth Journal, 
January 18, 1862, an article by the Rev. Lucius Alden of New Castle, N. 
H., furnishing information about some of the persons and localities men- 
tioned in the tract. A very amusing version of the story related in the 
tract is to be found in Albee's History of New Castle, N. H. } pp. 43-47. 

* Edward Cranfield, the Lieutenant Governor of the Province, left New Hampshire May 
15, 16S5 (N. H. Prov. Papers, i. 585), a year before the close otibfi New Hampshire govern- 
ment, and was succeeded by Walter Barefootc as Deputv Governor. A full biographical 
sketch of Gov. Cranfield, by Jacob Bailey Moore, is printed in the American Quarterly Reg- 
ister, vol. xv. pp. 163— 5. 

t New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. i. pp. 593 and 600. 

t Wotton's English Buronetnge, 1741. vol. ii. pr*ge 154-, Miscellanea Genealogies et Her- 
aldica, edited by J. J, Howard, LL.D., New Scries, vol. i. page 474. 

$ Register of Admissions to Gray's Inn in part 13 of Coiiectacea Genealogies, edited by 
Joseph Foster. 

VOL. XLHI. 17* 



186 



Billeting of Maj. Pomeroy's Soldiers. 



[April, 



BILLETING OF SOLDIERS UNDER MAJOR 
SETH POMEKOY, 1747. 

Communicated by William K. Weight, Esq., of Northampton, Mass. 

THE following" document is copied from the original in my 
possession. I suppose it to be in the handwriting of Col. Seth 
Pomeroy. The names are all or nearly all those of Northampton 
people. 

The Province of the 3Iassachusetts Bay 

To the Several Persons Hereafter Named Dr m 

For Billeting Soldiers that were raised for the late intended Expedition 
against Canada under the command of Major Seth Pomroy from y 9 
1 st March 1748-7 to y e 2G October 1747. Viz.: 







1 At 
what 


The Amount. 


Men's Names. 


Weeks. 


Da's per 










week. 


£ 


s. d. 


To The Rev d . M r . Judd for several men 


54 


6 


25s. 


63 


11 5 


To Ezra Strong do 


19 


. 


. 


23 


15 . 


To John Wait " do 


10 


2 


. 


12 


17 2 


To Nathan Lyman do 


.4 


. 


. 


5 


, . 


To Jonathan Bascom do 


18 


2 


. 


22 


17 2 


To Nathan Sear! do 


32 


. 


. 


40 


. , 


To John Wait for himself & do 


36 


4 


, 


45 


14 3 


To Eben r Kingsley for do . 


57 


2 


. 


71 


12 2 


To Waitstill Strong do 


10 


. 


. 


12 


10 . 


To David Bartlet for Aaron Bartlet 


.3 


3 


. 


4 


5 8 


To Eben r Pomroy Esq. for John Pomroy 


25 


• 


. 


31 


5 


To Eben r Pomroy y e 3 d for several men . 


.9 


4 


. 


11 


19 3 


To Elisha Pomroy y e 2 d for several men 


.8 


. 


. 


10 


, . 


ToEben'Cors ' do 


.5 


2 


. 


6 


12 2 


To Cap 1 . Preserved Clap for John Warner 


17 


. 


. 


21 


5 . 


To Israel Sheldon for several men 


11 


. 


. 


13 


15 . 


To Thomas Porter for James Porter 


.4 


1 


. 


5 


3 7 


To Elias Lyman for several men 


.4 


. 


. 


5 


. . 


To Josiah Searl for himself 


.2 


4 


. 


11 


19 3 


To Noah Pixley for do & several men 


38 


2 


. 


47 


17 2 


To Nathaniel Church for himself 


10 


. 


. 


12 


10 . 


To Eleazer Hannom for Zadock Danks 


. 2 


. 


. 


2 


10 . 


To Eliphaz Searl for Peter Domo 


.2 


. 


. 


2 


10 . 


To Abraham Miller for himself 


11 


. 


. 


13 


15 . 


To Stephen Sheldon for several men 


19 


3 


. 


24 


5 8 


To Thomas Wait for himself . 


23 


2 


. 


29 


2 2 


To Samuel Janes for do 


22 


2 


. 


27 


17 2 


To Edward Coats for do 


22 


5 


. 


23 


7 10 


To Preserved Bartlet for do 


19 


. 


. 


23 


15 . 


To Simeon Clark for do . 


26 


i . 


. 


32 


10 . 


To Samuel Judd for do 


15 


I • 


. 


18 


15 . 



*I 









1889.] 



Billeting of Maj. Pomeroy's Soldiers, 



187 



To Simeon Croofoot for himself 
To Josiah Parsons for several men 
To Jerijah Strong for do 

To John Warner for himself 
To Benjamin Lyman for several men 
To Noah Sheldon for do 

To Ithamer Strong for himself 
To Elijah Smith for do 

To Aaron Bartlet do . 

To Ebn r Bartlet for Jos: & Noah Torrey 
To Joseph Parsons for himself 
To Thomas Starr do 

To Timothy Capen do 

To Ebenezei Harvy do 
To Asahel Judd do 

To Seth Strong for Asa Merrett 
To Zadock Danks for himself 
To Jon a Strong for several men 
To Samuel Clap for Eben r Clap . 
To Cap 1 Roger Clap for Isaac Goodale 
To Noah Clap for himself 
To Noah Wright for Jon a Stone 
To William Bartlet for several men 
To Samuel Clark for himself . 
To John Birge for John Birge Jun r 
To Jon a Burt for John Thomas 
To John Frary for himself . 
To Dea. Stephen Wright for several men 
To Jonathan Clap do 

To Nathaniel Searl Jun r for James Porter 
To Isaac Goodale for himself . 
To Jonathan Hunt for Hez a Reed 
To Dea Ebenezer Pomroy for several men 
To William Kentfield for himself 
To Joseph Torrey do 

To John Hunt for Samson . 
To Cap' John Baker for several men 
To Noah Strong for Thomas Stebbins . 
To Cap 4 . Orlando Bridgman for I. Marchart 
To James Searl for himself . 
To Caleb Clark for Isaac Bellows 
To Noah Parsons for several men 
To Joseph Lyman . . £9-18-8 

1361-12- 2 



18 
13 
16 

.4 
.7 
20 
20 
21 
. 2 
15 
22 
19 
22 
19 
23 
. o 
18 
.8 
21 

15 

21 

.6 

.9 

.6 

18 

. 5 

16 

28 

14 

.1 

-5 12 

.7 I 4 

•i- ! 

15 

13 



13 
. 5 
.4 i 
13 
.2 
.6 



1089 2 



22 


13 


7 


16 


12 


2 


20 


. 


. 


5 


7 


2 


8 


18 


7 


25 


14 


3 


25 


10 


8 


30 


7 


2 


2 


. 


10 


18 


15 


. 


27 


13 


7 


24 


9 


4 


28 


4 


4 


24 


5 


8 


29 


5 


8 


6 


8 


7 


23 


4 


4 


10 


17 


10 


26 


15 


8 


19 


5 


8 


26 


5 


. 


8 


7 


10 


11 


15 


8 



22 17 

6 
20 
35 



17 

1 

6 

9 

5 

19 

16 

16 

6 

5 

16 

3 



7 2 

10 8 
17 2 



i 

15 
12 

9 



2 2 

19 4 

12 2 

5 . 

12 2 

4 4 

11 5 

15 . 



1361 12 2 



1371-10-10 

The opposite side of the paper is as follows : 

Northampton July the 14 th 1748. 
We the Subscribers acknowledge to have received the particular sums 
within annexed to our names as witness our Hands viz, 

Jonathan Judd, &c. &c. &c. 
[Here follow the names.] 



. 






188 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying-Ground. [April, 



MEMORANDA OF ALL THE INSCRIPTIONS IN THE OLD 
BURYING GROUND AT COLCHESTER, CONN. 

WITn SOME NOTES FROM THE TOWN RECORDS. 

By Frank E. Randall, Esq., of New York City. 
[Continued from page 47.] 

333. Ichabod Lord d. 18 Dec. 1761 in 50th. yr. 

334. William Mariner d. 22 Mch. 3774 in 79th. yr. 

335. Abigail, wife of William Mariner, d. 2 Feb. 1768 in 70th. yr. [yr. 

336. Ebenezer, s. of Wm. and Abigail Mariner, d. 18 Mch. 1756 in oUth. 
William Mariner (No. 334) m. 27 Jan. 1721-2 Abigail Wells (See Wells note), 

and had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Abigail, b. 4 Mch. 1724. 5. Asa, b. 9 Oct. 1732. 

2. Ebenezer, b. 30 June, 1726. (No. 33G). 6. Ephraim, b. 2G Sep. 1735. 

3. Jlachel, b. 14 June, 1720. \ 7. Grace, b. 5 June, 1737. 

4. Sarah, b. 14 June, 1729. J 

337. William W. son of Andrew N. and Janette L. Mason d. 3. Dec. 

1841 SB. 9 y. 9 mos. 

338. Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Morgan d. 25 Sep. 1748 in 43d. yr. 

339. Eunice, wife of Daniel Morgan d. 23 Mch. 1757 in 45th. yr. 

340. Mary, wife of Daniel Morgan, d. 8 June 1761 in 37th. yr. 

341. Mrs. Theode (sic) Morgan dau. of Daniel Morgan d. 26 Oct. 1760 

in 29th. yr. 

342. Mrs. Rebecca dau. of Lieut. Wm. Morgan and Rebecca his wife, d. 

28 Dec. 1798 in 17th. yr. 

343. Clarissa, wife of Morgan Mottanddau. of Charles and Sally Graves, 

d. 18 May 1855 in 34th. yr. 

344. James Mun d. 18 Dec. 1744 in 86th. yr. 

345. Mary, wife of James Mun, d. 20 June 1725 as. 62. 

346. James Mun d. 5 May 1780 in 77th. yr. 

347. Martha, wife of James Munn, d. 5 July 1790 in 75th. yr. 

348. Isaiah Munn d. 23 Sep. 1799 in 60th. yr. 

349. Mrs. Abi, consort of Isaiah Munn, d. 3 Oct. 1823 da. 80. 

350. Ann dau. of Isaiah and Abi Munn d. 8 Mch. 1808 in 29th. yr. 

351. Benjamin Munn d. 7 Feb. 1822 in 69th. yr. 

352. Miss Hannah Munn d. 16 Dec. 1791 in 36th. yr. 

James Munn (344) from Springfield, Mass., had by wife Mary (345), recorded 
at Colchester : 

1. Abigail, b. 17 Oct. 1700. 

2. James, b. 2 Feb. 1703. (No. 346.) 

3. Hannah, b. 2G Mch. 170G. 

4. Sarah, b. 28 June, 1708 (No. 464) ; m. James Treadway. 

353. Capt. John Murfey d. 3 Apr. 1844 a?. 68. 

354. John, son of Capt John and Ardalissa Murfey d. 21 Aug. 1824 ae. 

5y. 11 m. 19 d. 

355. James Newton d. 4 Aug. 1756 in 67th. yr. 

356. Mrs. Susana, wife of Dea. James Newton, d. 26 Jan. 1747 in 51st. yr. 

357. Maj. Israel Newton who died at the siege of Cape Breton on the 

24th day of May A.D. 1745 Aetatis 51 mo. 

Mrs. Hannah Newton his widow d. 28 May 1780 in 83th. yr. 

358. Mrs. Miriam Newton dau. of Maj. Israel and Mrs. Hannah Newton 

d. 12 Jan. 1751 in 22d. yr. 



1889.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 189 

359. Israel, son of Israel Newton and Lois liis wife, d. 28 Aug. 1753 in 

2d. yr. 

360. Sarah, dan. of Dea. Israel and Mrs. Lois Newton, d. 16 May 1763 

in 6th. yr. 

361. Lois Newton (no inscription, prob. footstone). 
James Newton of Kingston, R. I., had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Alice, b. 28 Feb, 1G8G. 

2. James, b. 3 Apr. 1690 (No. 355) ; m. 31 May 1716, Susanah Wyat (No. 

356), and had recorded at Colchester : (1) Dorothv, b. 25 Feb. 1717-8. 
(2) John, b. 30 Sep. 1719. (3) James, b. 27 June', 1721. (4) Israel, 
b. 17 Feb. 1725. (5) Thomas, b. 4 Aug. 1728; d. 21 Sep. i728. (G) 
Dinah, b. 2-1 Feb. 1730. (7) Leodemia, b. 7 May, 1732. (8) Susannah, 
b. 15 Mch. 1735. 

3. Anne, b. 13 Apr. 1G92; m. 3 Jan. 1710-11, Jonathan Kellogg (No. 282). 

4. Israel, b. 5 Mch. 1G94 (No. 357), had recorded at Colchester: (1) 

Ansess, b. 1 Jan. 1716; m. John Johnson, Jun r (see note to 258). 

(2) Mary, b. 1 Mch. 1719 (No. 290) ; m. John Kellogg (No. 289). 

(3) Hannah, b. 28 June, 1721 (No. 14) ; m. Stephen, son of Mary and 
Joseph Beckwith of Lyme. (4) Abigail, b. 17 Oct. 1723 (No. 5) ; 
m. Fierpont Bacon. 

The will of James Newton (No. 355), dated 2G July, 175G, proved 7 Sep. 
1756, mentions sons John, James and Israel, and daus. Dorothy, wife of John 
Tozier, Dinah Newton. Lodema Newton and Susannah Newton. 

The will of Major Israel Newton (357), " being about to go against His Majes- 
ties enemies at Cape Breton," dated 1 Apr. 1745. proved 2 Aug. 1745, mentions 
wife (Hannah), sons Israel and Asahel, brother James- X-ewton, and five daugh- 
ters, Anstis, Mary, Hannah, Abigail and Miriam (358 and see also 5), some of 
whom, were married. Samuel Loomis, Jr., Ex'r. 

His estate was divided 23 Oct. 1745 betwe3n sons Israel and Asahel ; John 
Kellogg, John Johnson, and daus. Miriam, Abigail and Hannah Newton. 

362. James O. Niles d. 26 Jan 1831 ae. 22. 

363. Jonathan Northam d. 1 May 1761 in 77th. yr. 

364. Mr. Asa Northam d. 26 Dec. 1761 in 3 -4th. yr. 

365. Mr. Charles Northam d. 18 Dec. 1761 in 24th. yr. 

366. Samuel son of Northam and Mary his wife, d 1755 

se. 10 yrs. 

Jonathan Northam (? 363) : m. 20 Dec. 1722, Mary, dau. of John and Mary 
Day (see note 139); and had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Mary, b. 26 Nov. 1723. 4. Asa, b. 4 Dec. 1728 (No. 364). 

2. Jouaihau, b. 29 Aug. 1725. 5. Grace, b. 24 Jan. 1731. 

3. Dorothy, b. 17 Mch. 1727. 
Jonathan. Northam was from Hatfield. 

367. Nathaniel Otis d. 15 Apr. 1771 in 82d. yr. 

368. Hannah wife of Nathaniel Otis d. 6 May 1780 in 91st. yr. 

369. Nathaniel Otis, son of Nathaniel Otis and Mrs. Hannah Otis, d. 24 

Jan. 1740 in 16th. yr. 

370. Delight, dau. of Nathaniel Otis d. 20 July 1740 in 11th. yr. 

371. Sarah, consort of James Otis, d. 15 Feb. 1788 in 88th. yr. 

372. John Otis d. 24 Oct. 1804 in 77th. yr. 

373. Prudence, consort of John Otis, d. 17 June 1823 as. 94. 

374. Mary Otis d. 24 July 1778 in 32d. yr. 

375. Dea. John T. Otis d. 13 Sep. 1842 a?. 84. 

376. Lovisa, wife of Dea. John T. Otis, d. 3 Dec. 1838 ae. 77. 

377. Miss Eunice, dau. of John T. and Lovisa Otis, d. 30 Dec. 1814 in 

21st. yr. 

378. Amos Otis d. 17 Oct. 1857 in 82d. yr. 

379. Sophia Jane, wife of Alfred Otis, dJ 7 Oct. 1849 as. 43. [9 mos. 

380. John L. s. of Alfred H. and Sarah A. Otis, d. 30 Oct. 1837 ae. 1 yr. 



190 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground, [April, 

381. Laura Emeline, dau. of Alfred and Sophia Jane Otis, d. 1 Sep. 1342 

ce. 5 y. 10 mos. 

382. John E. son of Alfred II. and Sarah A. Otis, d. 19 Sep. 1841 ae. 3 

yr. 10 mos. 
Nathauiel Otis from Scituate. Mass. (No. 367), had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Lvdva, b. 20 Jan. 1716-7. 

2. Hannah, b. 29 Feb. 1717-S; d. 12 June 1752. 
S. Dorothy, b. 16 Apr. 1721. 

4. Desier, b. 20 May, 1723. 

5. Nathaniel, b. 20 A*g. 1725; d. 24 Jan. 1740-1. (No. 369). 

6. John, b. 1 April. 1723. 

7. Delight, b. 16 Mch. 1730. 

8. Mercy, b. 3 July, 1734. 

(Another Kccord) bv wife Hannah. (No. 363) : 

7. Delight, b. 23 Mch. 1731 ; d. 20 July, 1740. (No. 370.) 

8. Marcy, b. 2 July, 1734. 

Nathaniel Otis d. 15 April, 1771, in his 81st. yr. 

383. Capt. Joseph Packwood d. 15 Apr. 1807 as. 68. 

384. Demise, wife of Capt. Joseph Packwood, d. 28 Nov. 1839 as. 81. 

385. Elizabeth Packwood d. 11 Apr. 1855 ae. 70. 
38G. Asa Pease d. 11 Jan. 1857 as. 73. 

Mary his wife d. 9 Nov. 1857 se. 68. 

387. To the mem. of Charles and Mary A. Pease. 

Charles d. 15 Aug. 1838 33. 22. 
Marv A. d. 30 Ausj. 1838 as. 12. 

388. Asa F. Pease d. 18 Oct. 1848 se. 24 y. 9 mos. 

389. Elias Worthingcon, adopted son of A. B. and H. Pierce, d. 8 May 

1849 ae. 8 yr. 6 mos. 

390. Dea. Noah Pomeroy d. 17 Sep. 1798 in 73d. yr. 

391. Lurana, relict of Dea. Noah Pomeroy, d. 24 Feb. 1806 in 84th. yr. 

392. Ehoda A. Pomeroy, consort of Rev. Noah Pomeroy, d. 29 Oct. 1811 

in 56th. yr. 

393. Noah \Tm. Pomeroy, son of Noah W. and Lavinia FQske] Pomroy, 

d. 21 Mch. 1815 ae. 17 mos. 

394. Erect, by Rev. S, Cone, to N. S. Woodbridge, son of Noah and 

Lavinia Pomeroy, d. 7 Apr. 1831 a?. 13. 

395. Sophia J. wife of Rev. Jedediah G. Post, d. 9 April 1846 x. 23. 

396. Lieut. Daniel Pratt d. 2 Dec. 1795 in 86th. yr. 

397. Abigail, wife of Lieut. Daniel Pratt, d. 8 Apr. 1801 in 73d. yr. 

398. Mrs. Mary, wife of Lieut. Daniel Pratt, d. 4 Feb. 1776 in 67th. yr. 

399. Mr. Daniel Pratt 2nd. d. 9 May 1806 in 72nd. yr. 

400. Abigail, wife of Daniel Pratt, d. 1 Sep. 1803 in 69th. yr. 

401. Daniel Pratt 3d d. 9 May 1806 iu 50th yr. 

402. Mrs. Sarah, wife of Timothy Pratt, d. 4 May 1806 se. 50. 

403. Ann, dau. of John and Hephzibah Pratt, d. 10 Feb. 1778 in 6th. yr. 

404. The infant son of John and Hephzibah Pratt d. 15 Apr. 1789 ae. 3 d. 

405. Mr. Russel Pratt d. 6 May 1806 in 21st. yr. 

Joseph Pratt m. 22 July, 1697, Sarah Colyer, and had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Joseph, b. 30 June, 1693 ; m. 2 Mch. 1727, Editha, dau. of Nathaniel Kel- 

Ioets. (2770 V 

2. Asariah, b. 7 Dec. 1699 ; m. 5 May, 1725, Hannah Coleman. 

3. Abigail, b. 30 Nov. 1702. 

4. Ruth, b. 16 Mch. 1 705-6. 

5. Elisha, b. 10 Auk 1707: m. 27 Feb. 1735-6, Ann Porter. 

6. Daniel, b. 26 Mav, 1710. (No.396.) 

7. Sarah, b Aujr. 1713. 



:1N 






1889.] 



Billeting of Massachusetts Forces. 



191 



Sarah, wife of Serjt. Joseph Pratt, d. 20 Nov. 1730. 

Daniel Pratt, 2d, in. 2-t Slch. 1755. Abigail (No. 400), dau. of Isaac and 
Abigail (Skinner) Bigelow. (See note to 23). 

406. Lucretia M. wife of Charles M. Quash, d. 3 Oct. 1849, ae. 29. 

[To be continued.] 



BILLETING OF MASSACHUSETTS FORCES. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogo, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

The original document from which the following is copied is in 

the handwriting of Gov. Thomas Hutchinson. 

Account of Billoting such of the Massachusetts Forces as were prevented 
marching by bad weather after they received the Kings Provisions, in 
the Towns of Hatfield, Hadley and Northampton, viz.: 



Eegi 
meot 


Companies. 


Towns where billeted. 




' Goodwin's. 


— 




Libbeys. 


— — 




Go wens. 





& 


Cobb. 


— . — 


! 


Littlefield.- 


mmm 


<© 

s 


Herrick. 


Hadley. 


Ph 


Win slow. 


Ditto. 




Willard. 


Ditto. 




Dairy inple. 


do : & N° amp ton. 




m Osgood. 






'Cobb. 


Northamton. 




Nixon. 


do: 




Richardson. 


do: 


QD 


Fry. 


do: 


Q3 


Johnson. 


do: and Hadley. 




Whetcomb. 


do: 


& 


Cox. 


do: 




Reed. 


do: 




Robinson. 


do: 




k Billings. 


do: and Hadley. 




' Pomroy. 






Burt. 


North Hampton. 


J 


Spring. 


do: 


Ball. 


do: 


~ J 


Mayna 


do: 


£"< 


Tyler. 


do: 


i 


Hawkes. 


do: 


Barnard. 


do: 


Brown. 


do: 




[Day. 


do: 






Carried 



over. 



INumber of 


Account at 2a. 


ster- 


Meals. 


ling 


per me. 


il. 





. . 


. . 







• • 


. • 







. . 


. . 







. . 


, , 




1264 








651 








233 








1206 








3354 


27 


19 





413 








582 








1077 








1347 








645 








1260 








1430 








1560 








1333 








680 


86 


1 




10327 


2 


*9*43 








1350 








931 








1701 








1317 








624 








664 








952 








592 


75 


12 




9074 


4 


169 


12 


6 



192 



Billeting of Massachusetts Forces. 



[April, 



To 

a 



M 



o 
»-8 



ft 



Glover. 

Butterfield. 

Augier. 

Parker. 

White. 

Richards. 

Ward. 

Atkins. 

Slocomb. 

Billings. 



Thacher. 

Cary. 

Edey. 

Pratt. 

Andrews. 

Keen. 

Bradford. 

Walker. 

Knowles. 

Bourn. 



Fuller. 

Whitney. 

Giddiugs. 


Hadley & N. Hampton. 
do: & do: 
do: & do: 


Marrow. 


do: & do: 


Newhall. 


N°ampton: 


Taplin. 
Whipple. 


Hadley & N. Hampton. 
do: & do: 


George. 

Whetcomb. 

Moore. 


North Hampton. 
Hadley & N. Hampton. 
Hadley. 



o 

■s 



__ Supernumeraries. 



Parker. 

Dakin. 
Jones. 
Fletcher. 
Lawrence. 
Foster. 
Fales. 
Adams. 
Faye. 
Poor. 

Col . Nichols for 
sick man. 



Hadley, Hatfield and 

N. Hampton. 
Hadley & Hatfield. 
Hatfield. 

Hatfield. 

Do:& N. Hampton. 

Hadley & Hatfield. 

Hatfield & N. Hampton. 

Hatfield. 

Hadiey & Hatfield. 



North Hampton. 
Hadley & Hatfield. 
N. Hampton. 

Ditto. 

Ditto. 

Ditto. 

D'.tto. 



Hadley. 



Hadley, Hatfield & N. 

Hampton. 
N. Hampton. 



Hadley & N°ampton. 
N. Hampton. 

Hadley & N. 



2116 
1198 
1317 

935 

976 
1304 
1580 

928 
1904 

919 



13167 

2806 

859 
1569 

1185 
1069 
2169 
1306 
2145 
1800 



14908 

'680 
828 
544 
722 
428 
746 
481 



394 



4823 

2687 

599 
262 
547 
737 
844 
692 
430 
726 
991 

75 



8590 



109 



14 



124 



40 



71 11 



10 



535 07 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Fhitip'* War. 



The several Sams due from the General of His Majesty's 
Forces to the Province of Massachusetts Bay for which no 
Warrant has been ye:, received. 



For billetting the Forces as by Rolls 

Account of Provisions in Hadley, 
Hatfield & Northampton 

Deduct payment at Albany 



Sterling. 
4469. 15. 4. 



535. 


7. 2. 


5005. 
2100. 


2. 6. 





2y05. 2, 
pr. 4' 



b. 



Transportation of 1130 men at 13s. York 

currency pr man at 8s. pr Dollar 
Ferriage of 3563 men over Connecticut 
River £17. 10. lawful money at 6s. 
pr Dollar. 

Boston 24 Feb. 1759. 

T. Hutchinson. 
In behalf of the Province. 



Dollars. 



193 



Dollars. 



12450 f| 

1836 & 
58 i| 



14345 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIPS WAR. 

Communicated by the Eev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from page 79.] 

No. XXV. 

Captain Benjamin Swett and his Men. 

JOHN 1 SWETT, admitted freeman of Massachusetts Colony May 
18, 1642, was one of the ninety-one freeholders who were de- 
clared to be the proprietors of all commons, waste-lands and rivers 
undisposed of, in the town of Newbury. A sketch of this family is 
given in the Register, ante, vol. vi. p. 49. 

Capt. Benjamin 2 Swett, son of John, 1 was born in England 
about 1626; came to Newbury with his father; married there, 
November, 1647, Hester, daughter of Peter TV'eare. They settled 
first in Newbury, and from 1655 to 1662, in company with his- 
brother-in-law Nathaniel Weare, he carried on the farm of Mr. John 
Woodbridge of Newbury. His children, bora in Newbury, were 
Hester, 2 7 June, 1648, m. Abin Greene, 1668 ; Sarah, 2 7 Novem- 
ber, 1650, m. Morris Hobbs, 1678 ; Mary, 2 7 January, 1652, died 
soon ; Mary, s 2 May, 1654 ; Benjamin, 2 5 August, 1656 ; Joseph,' 
21 January, 1659; Moses, 2 16 September, 1661. And in Hamp- 
ton, whither he removed about 1663, were born, Hannah, 2 16 May, 
1664; Elizabeth, 2 2 July, 1667 ; John, 2 17 May, 1670; Stephen,' 
13 September, 1672 ; and perhaps another. 
vol. xliii. 17-f- 






194 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [April, 

Capt. Swett was active and energetic. He was early chosen to 
fill places of trust in town and county. But he was inclined to 
military exercises, and was chosen Ensign of the military company in 
Newbury as early as 1651. 

After removing to Hampton, he became prominent and influential 
in both civil and military affairs in Norfolk County ; and in the well 
preserved and finely written document (Mass. Archives, Vol. 67, 
p. 57), presented to the General Court, May 31, 1671, remon- 
strating against the Court's appointment of Robert Pike, as Sergeant- 
Major of Norfolk County, instead of leaving the choice to the 
people, we doubtless see Capt. Swett's elegant handwriting ; and 
he seems to be the recognized leader among the prominent men of 
the various towns of Norfolk. 

In 1675 he held the rank of Lieutenant, and is mentioned thus 
by Mr. Hubbard, a3 marching up with a small company into the woods 
to recover the body of Goodman Robinson of Exeter, killed by the 
Indians. And the first official notice I have found is the order of 
Council, January 17, 1675-6, mentioned heretofore, showing that 
he was in charge of recruits then being sent out to Narraganset. 
February 1, 1675-6, the Council by special order granted him three 
pounds for the time he had been in the service ; this was probably 
for his services in recruiting. February 29, 1675-6, he was credited 
under Capt. Gardiner with £3. 00s. OOd. on the treasurer's book, 
possibly the same item. 

More than half the men credited under him assigned their credits 
to the town of Haverhill, and I find were nearly all inhabitants of 
that town. The service for which these credits are given was proba- 
bly rendered in the spring of 1676, upon the frontier towns of Essex 
County. Capt. Swett was then engaged at home, and was in com- 
mand of the military at Hampton and vicinity until the next year, 
•when he was called into the public service at the Eastward, which 
the following Order and Commission of the Council will explain : 

Ordered that Leiftenant Benjamin Swett have a Commission for a 
Captains place & that he be the Conduct & chiefe of Commanders of the 
English & Indian forces now raysed & to Goe forth on the Service of the 
Country ag* the Eastern Indian Ennemy as also to order and dispose of the 
masters & marines & vessels now Going to said service for the better man- 
agement of that affayre. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 69, p. 132. 

Capt. Swett's Commission. 

Capt. Swett, You are ordered with the forces now raysed & by your Com- 
mission put under your Command to repayr to Blackpoynt & there use all 
possible diligence by searching & otherwise to understand the state & 
motions of the enemy & with your force to assayle & annoy them as much 
as in you lyeth. If y e Headquarters of the Enemy by advice of Major 
Clark & those upon the place be possible to be assaulted you are ordered 
to march thither with all your force; if any other small quarter of the 



1889.] Soldiers in Ring Philip's War. 195 

enemy lye near & your force be in any Measure Capable in a short time to 
visit and fall upon them you are accordingly with all y e force Indians & 
English to make your march thither & assalt them; if otherwise no service 
against the enemy offer advising with Major Clark to whom the Councili 
doth refer you for advice, you shall with your whole force march down 
towards Pascataq, on the 'Backside of winter Harbor, Wels, york &e, if 
possible to discover the lurking places of y e enemy & fall upon them after 
which you shall supply, out of your company y e places of y e old garrison 
soldiers which went out under C. Swayne or other dismissing them home 
& lodge y e remayners in most convenient and necessary places for the 
Countryes Service & in such Companyes that upon prime exigent or order 
you may call y m again forth on further excursion or expedition keeping 
good correspondence giving account to ye Governor & Council of all 
occurrences. 

Dated at Charlestown y e 22 d of June, 1677 
pr. Council. E. R. S ty . 

To be released, Sam 11 . Clark, Isaak How, W m . Hopkins, W m . Stanley, 
Moses Whitney. 

This final service of Capt. Swett is best told by Mr. Hubbard, 
the historian of the war, who, after telling of the late depredations 
which had been made at York, Wells and Hampton, where Edward 
Colcord, Jr. t and three others (probably Abraham Perkins, Jr., 
Benjamin Hilliard and Caleb Towle) were killed, continues : 

The Indians thus making daily Inroads upon these weak, unfenced 
places, the Governor and Council resolved to raise new Forces, and having 
had good Experience of the Faithfulness and Yalor of the Christian Indians 
about Natick, armed two hundred of them and sent them together with 
forty English, to prosecute the Quarrel against those Eastward Indians to 
the full; but not judging aright of the Number of the Enemy, they much 
underdid their Business, for besides that the Number they sent of the Eng- 
lish was a great deal too small, those that were chosen this Bout to take 
their Turns in the Service Abroad, were many of them young, raw, and 
unexperienced Soldiers, who were not able to look Danger, much less 
Death, in the Face, in cool Blood, by which means it came to pass that the 
Enterprise succeeded so ill ; for Captain Swett with Lieutenant Richardson, 
that was sent with him to command the friendly Indians, coming to Black 
Point, June 28th, he began to try the Yalor and Courage of his Company 
before he had disciplined them, or had any Experience of their Ability to 
fight. The very next morning after he had landed his men, understanding 
by his Scouts that many of the Enemies were up and down upon the Place, 
he made too much Haste to fall upon them, and not mistrusting their Num- 
ber, while he was marching up the Edge of an Hill with one Party, and 
his Lieutenant with another, the Indians, that had hid themselves in the 
Swamp on each Side of the Hill, suddenly fired upon the English on both 
Sides, which not a little discouraged his young and undisciplined Company, 
so as they could not, or did not keep their Ranks, but while some were 
ready to run and shift for themselves, the Captain strived to keep them to- 
gether, to bring off the dead and wounded men, so long that he brought 
himself and all the Company in Danger of an utter Overthrow, which soon 
•after took place; for the poor unskilful Soldiers, being scattered, were 



196 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [April, 

shifting for themselves, while a few resolute Men of Courage bore the Brunt 
of the Service till they were in a Manner all knocked down. The Lieutenant 
was killed soon after the first Onset; the Captain having received near 
twenty Wounds, yet still held out defending and encouraging his Men, till 
he was surrounded with more of his enemies than he was able to grapple 
with, and so was at the last barbarously murdered by them within a little 
of the Garrison-house. There were slain at this Time somewhat above 
forty of the English, and twelve of the friendly Indians that assisted, very 
few escaping but were either killed right out or dangerously wounded. 

It is to be regretted that the names of very few of all who fell in 
this disastrous encounter have been preserved. Besides Capt. Swett 
and Lieut. Richardson, the records of Andover give the names of four 
who went from that town who were killed, John Parker, James Parker, 
John Phelps and Daniel Blanchard ; no papers appear in the Archives 
throwing any further light upon the matter, and I have not been 
able to find any further names elsewhere. The accounts of the 
treasurer covering this period are lost. It seems from all available 
references that about ninety English and Indians, under Capt Swett 
and Lieut. James Richardson, were en^a^ed in the ficrht at Black- 

7 or? o 

point ; but the number of Indians given by Mr. Hubbard as in the 
expedition is not confirmed by other evidence. 

In Major Daniel Gookin's "History of the Christian Indians," 
he says : 

In June, 1677, another expedition into the Eastern parts, among whom 
were about 36 of our Christian Indians, who were in a fight uear Black 
point; the English lost about forty men whereof were eight of our friendly 
Indians, the greatest loss our [Christian] Indians sustained all the war. 

This seems to imply that the eight Indians are a part of the forty 
that were slain, and also that but thirty-six Indians were in the 
command. 

The instructions given in making up the force of his Lieutenant 
also give additional li^ht. 

Order of the Council, June loth, 1677. 

It is reffered to Major Gookin forthwith to Suply Leift. Richardson & 
his p ty at Chelmsford with provision Ammunition & app 1 necessary & to 
order him to scout & range y e woods between Merrimack & Pascatawq 
River & endeavour to kill and sease y e Lurking enemy in those parts for 
w ch the Major is ordered to encourage y m w th a reward of twenty shillings 
for every scalpe & forty shillings for every prisoner or y e prisoner. And 
also to make up in number 25 men, & to order y m after some time spent 
there, to m r ch to Blackpoint garison & Their to bee at y e ordering of 
Liftenant Tipping until further order from the Council the time of Ran- 
devous at Blackpoint is to bee the 26 of this Instant June if possible. 

Past. EDW d Rawson, Secretary. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 69, p. 129. 

If these instructions were carried out, Lieut. Richardson and his 
Indians from Chelmsford marched overland to Blackpoint, and 






1889.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 197 

evidently arrived there before the hostile Indians had come from the 
Kennebec and Androscoggin. The vessels were a day behind the 
appointed time in arriving. In making up his force for scouting the 
woods from Blackpoint to Saco, and in the vicinity, Capt. Swett had 
no thought of the large numbers of the enemy that were actually 
near them ; so that when he had drawn out his English to the num- 
ber of forty, and his Lieutenant's force of thirty-six, and some of 
the Blackpoint men of Sergt. Tippen's command joined, he mustered 
in all a company of ninety. It is said that a large decoy body of 
the enemy showed themselves and succeeded in drawing both the 
commands into an ambush contrived with their usual cunning, and 
blindly walked into, in the usual manner of the English from the 
fir*t; and the story of "Bloody-Brook," "Beers Plain," "Brook- 
field " and " Sudbury," is again repeated, and the simple old Indian 
device of decoy and ambush again overwhelms our forces and sends dis- 
may through all the colonies. But the Indians never risked a battle 
on any other chance ; and if their device had not succeeded here, 
would doubtless have disappeared, and the report would have been 
that our forces "could not come up with them." As it was, the 
Indians made no further attempt at that time, and probably suffered 
severely in the running fight, of which no details have been handed 
down. The Indians withdrew at the time, but in July following 
began the depredations upon the fishermen along the Eastern coast, 
and by midsummer had captured no less than thirteen vessels from 
Salem alone. They soon abandoned this enterprise, however, as 
they could not manage any craft that could not be worked with 
paddles. About this time, Gov. Andros, of Xew York, interfered, 
and sent a vessel with a force to Pemaquid and vicinity and effected 
a cessation of hostilities. 

Lieut. James Richardson was first of TVoburn, but in 1659 re- 
moved to Chelmsford, and there married, November 28, 1660, Bridget 
Henchman, daughter of Thomas, and by her had eight children or 
more. He was with Capt. Wheeler in the defence of Brookfield, 
and with Simon Davis, of Concord, and John Fiske was appointed 
by the Captain, who was disabled by his wounds, to manage the de- 
fence. He was afterwards active in the war ; removed to Charles- 
town, May 1, 1676, and served as Lieutenant with Capt. Samuel 
Hunting in his mixed English and Indian company in the summer 
and fall of that year at Pawtucket Falls (now Lowell) , w T here they 
built a fortification and maintained a garrison, of which Lieut. 
Richardson was left in charge as well as of the Christian Indians 
at Chelmsford. He was well acquainted with Indian ways, and had 
great influence with them. 

Credited under Lieut. Benjamin Swett, 

June 24 th , 1676. Nathaniel Hazeltine 01 00 06 

Thomas Hartshorn 00 12 00 Samuel Aires 00 08 06 

Samuel Hutchins 02 04 06 John Keizer 00 08 06 

VOL. XLILL 17*^* 



198 



Anderson JPedigree. 



[April, 



John Clement 




00 


OS 06 


John Cann 


02 14 00 


Philip Ksman 




00 


15 04 


Benjamin All in 


02 00 10 


Benjamin Singleterry 


00 


15 04 


John Winslow 


02 14 10 


Thomas Darston 




00 


17 10 


Benjamin Dyer 


02 14 00 


Thomas Eastman 




01 


04 00 


John Coarser 


02 14 00 


Thomas All in 




01 


17 06 


John Hicks 


01 00 06 


Henry Keraball 




01 


09 04 


John Plimpton 


02 14 00 


Benjamin Greely 




01 


00 06 


John Ross 


02 14 00 


Jonathan Ilenrick 




00 


15 04 


William Burt 


00 09 04 


John Corly 




00 


15 04 


John Nortou 


02 07 00 


John Roby 




00 


08 06 


Rich. Hawkins 


02 14 10 


Thomas Kingsby 




02 


04 04 


John Veales 


02 01 00 


Robert Swan 




01 


04 00 


William Philips 


02 14 00 


John ITazleiine 




01 


04 00 


James Franklin 


02 14 00 


Samuel YVfttU 




00 


13 06 


Thomas Davis 


02 14 00 


Joseph Bond 




00 


13 06 


Samuel Davis 


03 03 00 


James Smith 




05 


08 00 


James Wamsly 


02 14 00 


Denis Sihy 




04 


01 00 


Francis Burges 


02 14 00 


It will be not! 


ced that the above credits are given a year before 


this final service. 


, for 


which I hav< 


3 not as yet found 


any credit any 


where recorded. 













ANDERSON PEDIGREE. 

By Rev. George M. Bodge, of East Boston. 

The following pedigree of John F. Anderson, Esq., was prepared 
to accompany the memoir of him on pp. 121-132. 

The genealogy of that Vanch of the Anderson family to which 
Mr. Anderson himself belonged, has been for many years a matter 
of diligent investigation with him. I give the account of the family 
as he gave it to me some time before his death. Only his direct line 
is given here. 

John 1 Anderson, the Scotch-Irish immigrant, settled first in 
Watertown, Mass., and there married as first wife, July 16, 1706, 
Kebecca Waight, born in 1680; died 1714. They lived ia Water- 
town and Newton until after 1715, when they removed to Groton. 
They had children : 

Hannah, 3 b. August 13, 1707. 

Abraham, 2 b. August 18, 1708. 

Rebecca 2 b. March 29, 1710. 

Mary, 3 b. August 29, 1711. 

By second wife, Mary Applin : 

Richard. 2 
John. 3 

Abraham* Anderson, married 1st, Bathshua Farr (Farrow). 
Richard.' 



1889.] Notes and Queries. 199 

Bathshua, 3 b. 1732 ; d. in New Marblehend, Nov. 13, 1743, aged 13 years. 

Hannah, 3 bapt. Oct. 18, 1743, in Xqw Marblchead. 

Abraham, 8 \ , 00 , X r T , M 1T i n ( Isaac d. March 7, 1747. 
T 3 ' > b. 22a JNov. : bapt. 23, 174b. ■{ .. , i /%«.«-> t -id 
Isaac, J ' l ' ( Abraham d. Oct. 22, 1< 48. 

The 1st wife, Bathshua, died July 4-, 1751, and he married 2d, 
Mrs. Ann (Colin) Cloutman, widow of Edward, of Gorham, cap- 
tured by the Indians there in 1746, and died in captivity. She was 
the daughter of Timothy and Sarah Colin of Philadelphia, at which 
place she was born January 1G, 1716. She died in Windham, Dec. 
1, 1801. Children by the second marriage : 

Edward, 3 b. May 10. 1753; m. August, 1774, Mary Mayberry. 

John, 3 I). Nov. 7, 1755; m. Nov. 20, 1777, Ann Woodman. 

Abraham, 3 as below. 

Abraham 3 Anderson, born June 18, 1758, in the Old Fort at 
New Marblehead, now Windham, Me. He married, April 13, 
1788, Lucy, daughter of Rev. Peter Thacher Smith. She was 
born August 24, 1769, and died April 17, 1861. They had seven 
children : 

Peter Smith, 4 b. May 12, 1789; m. Sept. 10, 1810, Susanna Bodge. 

John, 4 b. 1791; d. 1791. 

John, 4 b. July 29, 1792; m. 1st, Lucy Farwell of Tyngsboro', Mass. 

She died soon; m. 2d, Anne Williams Jameson, Sept. 26, 1822. 
Elizabeth Wendell, 4 b. July 28,1795; m. June 6, 1810, John Farwell 

of Tyngsboro.' 
Ann, 4 b. Nov. 5, 1797; m. July, 1822, Dr. John Waterman of Gorham. 
Abraham W., 4 b. Oct. 30. 1801 ; m. Joanna Tillson Waterman. Ed- 
ward, 4 b. Oct. 30, 1803; m. Oct. 18, 1830, Louisa Berry of Gorham. 

Hon. John 4 Anderson married Anne Williams 5 Jameson as 
above. She was born October 14, 1804, at Freeport, Me., and 
was the daughter of Capt. Samuel 4 Jameson and Anne (Hichborne) 
Jameson. She was descended in the fifth generation from William 
Jameson, the Scotch-Irish immigrant (Samuel, 4 Martyn, 3 James, 5 
William 1 ). Of John and Anne was born : 

John Farwell 5 Anderson, m. March 30, 1847, Marcia Bowman 
Winter, arid their children are: Anne Hichborn, 6 m. Charles W. Lord. 
Marcia Winter, 6 m. 1st, F. J. Edmantis; 2d, E. G. Spring. Isabel 
Merrill,* d. in infancy. Frances Periey, 6 m. Charles Thornton Davis. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 
Notes. 

Tilden. — In Hanson's " Old Kent. Maryland," a Tylden pedigree is given, 
whicii has been reprinted in the Maine Genealogist, the Preble and other genealo- 
gies, as that of Nathaniel Tildon of Scituatc. 

To those who tbink that truth in such records is more important than to be 
able to believe in a noble ancestry, the following extract from a letter written 
by the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, in 1881, may be interesting: 

" Some years ago I worked up the Tiideu pedigree most thoroughly, and be- 



" 08 



200 Notes and Queries. [April, 

lieve that I know every Tildon -who ever lived in the County of Kent, or any- 
where else in England. As to Nathaniel Tilden, I have all the particulars about 
himself, the baptisms of all his children, etc. etc. I carried him back positively 
two generations, about which I have all the particulars, and with tolerable cer- 
tainty three generations further — to about 1450. I may say at once that there is 
not the slightest possibility of connecting him with the Tyldens of Milsted, 
named in the ' History of Old Kent,' nor is it possible to trace that family be- 
yond the William Tylden at the bottom of page 303, who was not Sir William, 
nor was his son Sir Richard. I have the wills of both, and they called them- 
selves only ' gentlemen.' The early part of the pedigree in the 4 History of 
Old Kent' is entirely unsusceptible of proof, and I have no faith in it whatever. 
All the evidences I have, go to show that all the Tildens of Kent, though entirely 
respectable people, were of much mere humble origin. It is probable that the 
Milsted family and that of your ancestor had a common origin, but so far back 
that it is impossible ever to ascertain it. I say impossible, because I have ex- 
hausted all the records that exist. I have no faith in the statement on page 302 
of the ' History of Old Kent.' that Marmaduke Tylden was first cousin of 
Richard Tylden of Milsted, who died in 1659. To be so he must have been son 
of a brother of Richard's father, who had no brothers. I have every will of a 
Tylden ever proved anywhere in England, and all the Tilden extracts from every 
parish register in Kent where Tildens are ever known to have lived, but have 
never found the name of Marmaduke once. I have the pedigree of the Milsted 
Tyldens thoroughly worked up. and am able to show that the one in the ' History 
of Old Kent ' is full of the mo >t serious and ridiculous errors. However, this 
is of no importance, as this family had nothing whatever to do with this." 

On page 354 of Deane's History of Scituate, he states that Samuel Tilden 
(grandson of Elder Nathaniel) •• settled on the North River, ***** whose 
son Samuel was born 1689 (by a first wife) ; his 2d wife was Sarah Curtis. 1604. 
The latter Samuel married Desire Oldham, 1717, and his son Samuel was born 
1718. The latter was the father of the venerable Dea. Samuel Tilden, now 
living, aged 9-1." (The history was published 1831.) This would make the line 
of Samuels as follows : 

Samuel, born 1660; married 2d, Sarah Curtis, 1694. 

Samuel, born 1089; married Desire Oldham, 1717. 

Samuel, born 1718 ; married — . 

Samuel, born 1739 ; (Deacon). 

After careful examination of all known records, I can but think that Deane 
was mistaken in this line. 

As to Samuel, born 1660, I find no trace of the " first wife" nor of any of her 
children; but Marshfield town records give the birth of Samuel, son of Samuel 
and Sarah, Oct. 4, 1695. If there had been a Samuel, son of a first wife, living, 
another child would not have received the same name. The same records also 
give the birth of Samuel, son of Samuel and Desire, Sept. 14, 1739, and the 
death of "Deacon Samuel Tilden," June, 1834, aged 95, which agrees with the 
foregoing date of birth of the child of Samuel and Desire. The record in the 
family bible of Dr. Calvin Tilden (son of Dea. Samuel) fully corroborates the 
above, as it gives Samuel Tilden and Desire Oldham as the parents of Deacon 
Samuel, and the death of Samuel (husband of Desire) as March, 1774, aged 78, 
which agrees with the birth date of Samuel, son of Samuel and Sarah. Ifind no 
record of any Samuel born 1718. 

I therefore conclude that instead of the line of four Samuels, as given by 
Deane, there were but three, as follows : 

Samuel, born 1660; married Sarah Curtis. 
Samuel, born 1695 ; married Desire Oldham. 
Samuel, born 1739; (Deacon). 

South Hanover, Mass. C. T. Phillips. 



Waymocth's Pond Revisited.— In Hosier's narrative of Waymonth's Voyage 
to the Coast of Maine in 1605, "we read: '• Vpon one of the Hands (because it 
had a pleasant Sandy Coue for small barks to ride in) we landed, and found hard 
by the shore a pond of fresh water which Mowed oner the banks, somewhat ouer 
growen with little shrub trees, and searching vp the bland, we saw it fed with 



1889.] JVotes and Queries. 201 

a strong nm, which with small labour, and a little time, might be made to drive 
a mill."' 

Prince fancied that he found evidences of such a pond on Monhegan. but there 
is no stream feeding that little pond, which is tilled by surface drainage. 

Sewell speaks of a pond on Squirrel Island, but* it does not appear to be 
there, if we may believe the editor of Hosier's Relation, who also quotes the 
writer where he says that the pond " is situated on Cape Newaggin, opposite 
Femaquid River, and is indicated on one of the maps of the Coast Survey. It 
has been examined for the writer, and corresponds exactly with Hosier's descrip- 
tion, proving that W'aymouth had been on the spot. The pond still flows into 
the sea.* On this the Editor says : " Cape N^Waggln is not opposite Pemaquid 
river, or any part of Pemaquid Point * * It has no pond, nor is there, accord- 
ing to the Coast Survey chart, a pond on the island of which it forms a part." 

On this the writer would say, that in the sense intended by the author, Ne wag- 
gin is opposite Pemaquid, whatever land may intervene. 

It is hardly probable that the writer would make any such statements without 
personal knowledge, or say that the pond was indicated by the Survey when it 
was not. Accordingly, the reader is referred to the writer's authority. Chart V., 
1873, in the Society's Library, where he will find the pond exactly delineated, 
nearly in the shape of an old stocking. If that is not sufficient, I beg to refer the 
Editor of the Relation to his own edition of the map. where it will be found 
exactly as on Chart V., on the east side, near the end of the island. l ' opposite" 
Peinaquia Point. Finding the pond thus laid down, I wrote to the light keeper 
at Cape Newaggin, who wrote, that the pond was actually there, overflowing 
into the sea, being fed by '< quite a long brook, running from a swamp, or what 
is called Laberdon meadow." The writer put these facts on record, and brought 
the subject before the Society in a paper relating to Waymouth's Voyage. 

Subsequently, when exploring the coast, the writer chartered Capt. Johnson's 
yacht " Celia," and made a special examination of the spot, and traced the " run," 
which was a noisy brook, in July, for a long distance, having been landed for 
that purpose high up the island; Capt. Johnson sailing for the place indicated 
by the map, finding the ; ' Sandy Cove," the only good landing place near by, and 
meeting the writer at the pond itself after his return from the excursion in the 
woods. 

The description of Rosier applies exactly to this place and no other. 

B. F. De Costa. 






Entries in Middlesex Registry of Deeds. — At the close of the LV. volume 
of deeds in the Middlesex County registry is the following : 
" Manum ultimam huic Operi imposui 17 Aug. 1761 
iEtat : 67 Era Foxcroft 

Laus Deo." 
Again, at the foot of the Index of the 58th volume — 

" Finished the copying this Index the Sixth Day of February 1765 : the day 
whereon I entered the Seventy first year of my Age; and carefully compared 
with the Rough. By Fra Foxcroft, Reg r " 

[Francis Foxcroft of Cambridge who made these entries was son of Col. Francis 
Foxcroft, and was born Jan. 26, 1694. He was grad. at Harvard College in 
1712, and died March 28, 1768. For other particulars concerning him and his 
family, see Register, viii. 171-2.— Editor.] 



Richardson-Wright-Wight. — In Vinton's Richardson Memorial, 125, it is 
stated that Major Josiah Richardson married Oct. 23, 1728, Experience, daugh- 
ter and heir of Benjamin Wright, then of Sudbury- but previously of Woburn. 
This seems to me a wholesale error. Mr. Vinton himself says, p. 215, that he is 
not informed when Benjamin Wright removed to Sudbury, and there is a com- 
plete absence of his name from the early Sudbury records. But Benjamin 
Wight, son of Henry of Dedham. iras of Sudbury, which was his mother's early 
home. In Sudbury records is contained the marriage of Benjamin Wight to 
Elizabeth Newell of Boston (Register, xviii. 110). They had a daughter Ex- 
perience, born March 10, 1705, and she married October 23, 1728, Major Josiah 

• P. 133. N. 105. 



' 



202 Notes and Queries, [April, 

Richardson. See the Sudbury records in the library of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society. Again, Major Richardson died August Go, 1770, aud 
his widow Experience married March 31, 1772. Abishai Grossman of Sudbury. 
But Mr. Vinton, fiiulimr this marriage in the Sudbury records, yet finding no 
birth of a daughter Experience Richardson, manufactures a daughter to fit the 
marriage, forgetting the widowhood of the mother. 
Milwaukee, Wis. . William W. Wight. 

A Remarkable Event.— On Jan. 12, 1889, at the residence of Mrs. C. D. 
Delano, 40 West Newton Street, "Boston, a party was given iu houor of the 
twenty-first birthday of three children of Mrs. Delano, the Misses Carrie S., 
Grace* T. aud Mr. B, F. Delano, who were born triplets, and were in good 
health. Does any one know of another case like this? 

W. E. Thwtng. 



Queries. 

Brown - . — Can any one furnish information in regard to the birth place and 
early life of Samuel Brown of Chester, N. H., who settled there in 1734 and 
signed the Presbyterian Protest in 1736? 

According to Chase's History of Chester he went from Bradford. Mass., to 
Chester, but there is no evidence that he ever was a citizen of Bradford. 

Wanted also to know in regard to the place of residence of the younger child- 
ren of said Samuel Brown, after they left Chester aud settled elsewhere. 

Their names were John, Sarah. Hannah, Joseph, Mary who married a Peabody, 
Elizabeth who married a Caldwell, and Agnes who married a McKean. 

They were born sometime between 1720 and 1740. The oldest son, Samuel, 
continued to reside in Chester till his death in 17i)4, and left children. 

West Medford, Mass. D. H. Brown. 



Henchman or Hinksman. — Joseph Hinksman was signer to a Chelmsford 
Church paper 12 ra 4' 1 1608. Was he the Joseph mentioned by Savage as being in 
Scituate 1680, and a son of Thomas of Chelmsford? 

Who was Mrs. Elizabeth Hinksman, " taken in covenant 2 m 28* 1672 at the 
age of about 67 years"? 

Was she the mother of Thomas? Edwin M. Currier. 

Lowell, Mass. 



Jabez Wright, born April 9, 1776, in Lebanon, North Parish (now Columbia) , 
Conn,, youngest son of Jabez Wright of same place, by his second wife, Mrs. 
Anne Lyman. Was physician, and reported to have settled in Northern Ohio, 
about 1800, to have m. Hamilton, and to have had several children.' 

Will some one give me the address of one of the descendants of Dr. Jabez? 

39 Nassau St., New York. A. M. Wright. 



Johnson. — Can any one tell me the name of the husband of widow Sethiah 
(Gurney) Johnson, who had a son, Ezekiel Johnson, born at Uxb ridge, Mass., 
Jan. 12, 1776? 

Widow Johnson afterwards married James King. Where are her descen- 
dants? Ezekiel Johnson was my grandfather. Any information in relation to 
his progenitors will be very gratefully received by 

Manti, Sanpete Co., Utah. Nepei Johnson. 



James King. — I have in my possession a calf -skin pocket-book marked plainly 
James King, 1742, which came to me from my grandfather. Mr. King married 
a Widow Johnson in Worcester Co., Mass., between 1776 and 1780. 

Who can tell me of his descendants? Address 

Manti, Sanpete Co., Utah. Nephi Johnson. 



1889.] Notes and Queries. 203 

Hamilton. — Can any one tell me who Major Otho Hamilton, in Nova Scotia 
from 1727-1T>4, married ? The loth Regiment, I am told, consisted mainly 
of companies raised in New England prior to 1727. As lie was, till his death, 
an officer in that regiment, 1 think he must have been in New England a while 
first, and perhaps he married there. I shall be most grateful for any light. 

Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton. 



Smith. — James Smith (who bought a portion of the town of "Woolwich, 
Maine, of the Indian Chief Robin Hood, the deed of which, dated May 8, 1648, 

is printed in Drake's Book of the Indians, Book III.) married Elizabeth , and 

died 1660, leaving five children. His widow married Richard Hammond, an 
Indian trader. In the Indian raid, August 13, 1676, Hammond was killed and 
the remainder of the family taken prisoners. Can any reader of the Register 
give me information concerning the antecedents of James Smith or the maiden 
name of his wife Elizabeth? 

Norway, Maine. H. D. SMITH. 

Mary Chauncey. — The Loomis Genealogy says Joseph Loomis, of Windsor, 
married Mary Chauncey, June 28, 1659. Who was she? The " Chauucy 
Memorial" says, that President Charles Chauucy was the ancestor of all the 
Chauncys in America, and mentions two of his daughters : Sarah, who married 
Gershom Bulkley. and Harriet, the youngest child (born probably at Scituate), 
" of whom but little is known." Query. — Was there another daughter, Mary, of 
whom nothing is known? 

Hartford, Conn. J. F. Morris. 



Genealogical Queries : 

Stehbins.— Thomas Stebbins, born October, 1778; died February, 1813. 
Names of his parents desired. 

Briggs. — Capt. Eliphalet Briggs, born 1734. Lived and died in Keene, N. H., 
but no trace of his parents there. Who were they, and where did they reside? 

Langley. — Ancestry of Naomi Langley who married William Woods? 

Wanted, — One copy of Centennial Celebration of Longmeadow, Mass., 1883. 
Who has one to dispose of at a reasonable price? 

Adrian, Mich. F. B. Stebblns. 



Replies. 

Patterson Family.— In the Register for April, 1883, vol. xxxvii. pp. 
148-55, will be found a genealogy of the Patterson Family, descendants of James 
and Rebecca (Stevenson) Patterson, of Billerica, Mass. There are serious mis- 
takes in the months of the births and deaths of their children. These mistakes 
are corrected in the following record : 
1. James 1 Patterson had children : 
i. Mary, b. Billerica, 6 mo. (Aug.) 22. 1666; m. Jan. 30, 1688-9, to Peter 
Proctor, of Chelmsford, son of Robert and Jane (Hildreth) Proctor, of 
Concord and Chelmsford. (Prob. Records.) 
ii. James, b. Billerica, 12 mo. (Feb.) 28, 1668-9; d. 8 mo. (Oct.) 3, 1677. 
iii. Andrew, b. Billerica, 2d mo. (April) 4. 1672. 
iv. John, b. *« 2d mo. (Aprd) 8, 1675. 

v. Joseph, b. " 11 mo. (January) 1, 1677. 

vi. Rebecca, b. " 5 mo. (July) 18. 1650: d. 1683. 

vii. James, b. " 2d mo. (April) 13, 1683. 

Tiii. Jonathan, b. M 11 mo. (Jauuary) 31, 1685. 
A statement a few lines below in the account of his son, Andrew 2 Patterson, 
is also erroneous. It is there stated that the dates of the baptism of his wife, 
Elizabeth Kibbee, as given by Savage and the Charles town Church records, do 
not agree. It will be seen in the copy of the church records in the Register, 
xxvi. 252, that she was born 6 mo. (that is, August) 14, 1681, which is the date 
given by Savage. — Editor. 



M 






204 Notes and Queries. [April, 

"Willovgiiby, Jonathan. — (Register, xliii. 94; also Mctff. tfAtn. Hist., Dec. 
'8S, p. 50S.) — He wa$ the eldest bod of Dep. C-ov. Francis Willoughby by iirst 
wife, Mary, and was at Ilarv. Coll. from June, 1651, to November, 1051, but 
did not graduate. — (See Sibley's Harv. Grad.) 

He received a legacy of 50 I. from his grandfather, Col. Wm. Willonghby, of 
London. Naval Commissioner of Portsmouth; \vill of Nov. 28, 1G50, proved in 
Prerog. Co. of Canterbury, May following. 

He is also mentioned as" a residuary heir in the will of his uncle, Wm. Wil- 
louglibv, gent., sub-commissioner of prizes at Portsmouth; dated 6 Dec, 1057, 
proved Prerog. Co. of Cant., 5 March following. 

His grandmother, Mrs. Elizabeth Willonghby, leaves him 10 1. ; will dated 
Lonuou, May, 1662, recorded 2 April, 1GG3, iu Mid. Co. Probate Co. (East Cam- 
bridge, Mass.). • 

His father, the Dep. Gov., speaks of him in his will in terms of censure, as 
haviug already cost in education and other ways the equivalent of a treble por- 
tion. He leaves him 10 1., and 5 1. to each of his children living. Will dated 4 
June, 1670; proved 10 April, 1671. 

His step-brother, William Willonghby, whose mother was Sarah Taller (or 
Taylor), and who died from Mnali-pox 9 Sept., 1G77 (Hammond's Diary, vide 
Wyman). in his will of Sept. 1, 1077 (not filed at East Cambridge until 7 Dec, 
1694), says i " I ordaine the Legaeie given me by my Grandfather Taylor be 
equally divided between my >ister Camplield and my brother Jonathan, as a token 
of my love," and appoints his own brother Nehemiah as executor. 

Among the Essex Co. (Mass.) Probates, III. ISO, is the will of John Arnold, 
mariner, of Thames Street. London, now resident of Salem, N. E., Oct. 12, I6S0, 
leaving his loving cousin, Nehemiah Willonghby. of Salem, N. E., "my legacy 
left me by my Grandfather John Tailer of Woppin, Shipwright, dec' 1 *, in the 
hands of John Tailer of Mile end, as he is the executor to the last will and testa- 
ment of my said grandfather, with the legacies given to my brothers Thomas 
and Samuel, both-deceased, by whose deaths their said legacies fall to me the 
survivor, according to my said grandfather's will"; proved 2S Jam. 1694-5. 

'License was granted 3 Dec, 1GG1, by the Bishop of London for the marriage 
of Jonathan Willoughby of St. Andrew Undershaft, London, Gent. Bachelor, 
about 25, and Grizzle Goldisborough, of St. Gregory's by St. Paul's. Spinster, 
about 25; consent of mother Anne Goldisborough, widow; at St. Edmund the 
King, Lombard Street. 

Besides a daughter Mary, we have record of a son Jonathan, who, 11 March, 
1683, gave a deed of confirmation as to sale by Capt. Lawrence Hammond of the 
Wm. Stevens's farm at Gloucester, Mass., to Tristram Coffin of Newberry; 
Essex Co. Deeds, Ipswich Series, 5: 39 and 348. He therein styles himself: 
" Jonathan Willoughby of the Parish of St. Martin's Outwich, in the Citty of 
London, Barber Chirursrion, eldest sou of Jonathan Willoughby who was eldest 
son of Erancis Willonghby late of Charlestown, County of Middlesex, New Eng- 
land, Esq r ., late deceased." 

New York City. I. j. g. 



Barrett. — (Register, xlii. 2G1.) — In a contribution concerning the descen- 
dants of Thomas Barrett of Braintree, in the Register for July, 1888 (p. 261, 
lines 6 and 7 from the top), occurs the following : 

"Joseph 3 died Dec 22, 1812, 'a. 91'; and Mary, his wife, died Jan. 18, 1811, 
'a. 84.'" 

These lines, properly relating (according to my notes) to Joseph 4 Barrett 
(Joseph, 3 Joseph, 2 Thomas 1 ) and Mary, his 2d wife, would have been cancelled 
but for an oversight of the writer. 

Loveland, O. J. H. Barrett. 



Ham. — (Ante. vol. xxvi. p. 39L) Nathaniel 3 Ham, b. 1711, was a sea captain, 
and married his cousin Deborah Rollins of Somersworth, N. II. Wife Deborah 
was dau. of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Ham) Rollins, and was born Jan, 2G, 1719. 

Dover, N. JET. J. R. Ham. 



1889.] Notes and Queries, 205 

Evkrktt-Browx. — In the query trader this head iu the January Register, 
pa2;e 5)3. there is a typographical error. 1743 in the copy being printed 1758. The 
sentence should read, " The newly printed ' Dedham Records Vol. II.' gtve 
Mercy Everett's death from the books of the Second Parish, as occurring 27 
November, 175s, • aged about 70.' This would give her birth iu 1G7S." — Editor. 



Cosset (ante, p. 03). — The following may afford a clue to the querist : A 
party of French captives were at Deenieid, July 1. 1712. One was a captain — 
,011c named La Fever — and another Cosset. They were to march to Canada by 
"land, escorted by a party of Deertield men under Lt. Samuel Williams, sou of 
Eev. John Williams the " Redeemed Captive." Cosset had a quarrel with his 
captain, and refused to go, and was left behind. He seems to have been a 
Protestant. These prisoners I have never been able to account for, aud they 
may have been of the •• Neptune Crew." 

JJeerjlehl, Mass. G. SHELDON. 

Eev. Eli as Nason (ante, pp. 9-31). — I am reminded by my good friend. Hon. 
Lucius M. Boltwood, of New Haven, Conn., that the late Rev. Elias Nason un- 
questionably commenced the study of Greek and Latin under the Eev. Simeon 
Colton, a graduate of Yale College, in the class of 180G, and not, as I have 
stated, ante, page 13, under Mr. Chaiincey Colton, afterwards Rev. Dr. Colton, 
of the Episcopal Church. Chaiincey Colton was the associate Principal of Mt. 
Pleasant Classical Institute at Amherst. 1627-30, an expensive school, with 
winch Mr. Nason, then a young man. could hardly afford to have been connected, 
while Amherst Academy, where Simeon Colton was Principal, and Justin Per- 
kins a teacher, was more suited to his circumstances. 

For Dr. T. Shepherd, mentioned on page 11, ante, line 17 from top, read Dr. 
T. Shepard. His full name was Timothy, fie was born in Wrentham, Mass., 
Sept. 1, 1750: son of Capt. Benjamin and Iiepzibah (Blake) Shepard. 

Page 14, line 20 from bottom, for Augusta, capital of the State of Georgia, 
read Augusta, capital of Richmond county in the State of Georgia. 

William B. Trask. 



Historical Intelligence. 

A Curious exgra\t.d Virginian Medal. — There is now in the possession 
of Mr. S. G. Cockburn Harvey. Huntington Valley P. O., Montgomery County, 
Pennsylvania, a very curious medal of tine gold, so faithfully engraved that im- 
pressions printed from it, which furnish the accompanying descriptions, have 
the soft effect of fine copper engravings of the last century. 

The medal was preserved from destruction by the former husband of Mrs. 
Harvey, Hon. Edward A. Turpin. a native of Virginia, but a citizen of New 
York, wheu in 1358 appointed Minister to Venezuela, where he remained until 
1861. 

In Caraccas, he found in the shop of a jeweller, the medal under considera- 
tion, and purchased it at its metal value, $23. How it got to South America, 
or how or by whom it had been preserved intact and uninjured so long, he failed 
to ascertain. 

The medal is obloug in shape, measuring two and one eighth (2 1-8) of an 
inch the one way, by one aud five eighths (1 o-b) of an inch the other. Its 
bearings are as follows : 

Obverse. — On a field azure, within an irregular but gracefully ornate escut- 
cheon of scroll and floral borders — a female figure, erect and circumambient, 
with head helmeted. bust bare, and remainder of figure in outline drapery, save 
the fore legs and feet, which are bare. The left leg extended forward, knee 
flexed inwardly, and foot extended with toes turned outwardly — the right leg 
illusively supporting the figure, with foot turned outwardly — left arm Hexed 
upwardly, with hand grasping a double-headed spear, held perpendicularly — the 
right arm bent downward, with fore-arm turned outward holding by a loop a 
shield resting on a line with the outwardly turned right foot casting a shadow 
as if for support of the figure — the shield beariug a grini head with serpentine 
VOL. XLIII. 18 



206 Notes and Queries. [April, 

. 
locks, possibly denoting that of a tyrant. The whole surrounded with the legend 
in Komau letters : '« ClTY OS WlLlMMSBURGH X Virtute et labore i'lori.ni' 
Resi'ithlice x " 

Reverse. — A male figure in armor with visor, head almost in profile, body 
half turned to the front, right arm close to side with fore-arm turned to the left 
grasping a double barbed spear — the right arm raised and bent at a right angle, 
the hand grasping the spear handle at the junction of the barb — the other end of 
the spear thrust into the breast on the left side (the heart) of a lion with head 
bearing a crown (Britain), uprearing, with jambs extended, and paws drooping. 
the mouth open, lower jaw dropped, the eyes and facial muscles expre.-sing 
entreaty — the tail turned down and inward between the hind legs. The left leg 
of the knight, or mailed figure, chiefly supporting him, thrown backward, foot 
to the front and with muscles tense — the right leg flexed to the right with foot 
so pointing and thrust beneath a shield lying prone. Motto beneath in Komau 
letters: " En pat Virginia pbimum." Above the figures, ttie firmament with 
a white circle enclosing thirteen (13) stars (significantly) and above, the motto, 
in Roman letters : "In hoc signo vinct:s." 

I am without information as to the origin of this medal, but may conjecture 
that it was designed by John Page, who was one of the committee appointed by 
the Virginia Convention of 1776 to devise a seal for the Commonwealth. Where 
executed, and by whom, is a matter of curious interest. The devices and 
mottoes of the great seal of the State, as offered by George Mason, another 
member of the committee, and the author of the " Bill of Rights,"' were entirely 
different. They were adopted and have remained unchanged, save that in 1770 
the motto of the reverse of the seal was changed from Dtas Nobis hate olio, 
fecit to Persi.visrando. The whole history of the Great Seal of Virginia has been 
lucidly and circumstantially given in a report made by Col. Sherwin McRae, and 
communicated by Gov. "William E. Cameron, Feb. 25. 1834, to the Speaker of 
the House of Delegates of Virginia. — House Document No. xi. 

Richmond, Va: R. A. Brock. 



The National Historical Magazine. — A prospectus for this magazine, an- 
nounced in our January number, has been received. Henry R. Stiles, A.M., will 
be the editor, and Joel Munsell's Sons the publishers. It will be devoted to the 
elucidation and discussion of American History, Biography and Industrial Re- 
sources. It will be issued monthly in quarto size, printed on the finest paper. 
and illustrated in the best style of the art, with wood, photo-process and steel 
engravings. The subscription price will be 84 a year or 50 cts. a number. The 
first number will appear next October. The first fifteen numbers, beginning 
Oct. 1889, will be furnished for the years subscription price for 1890, namely 84. 
The reputation of Dr. Stiles as an editor and historical writer, and of the Mun- 
sells as printers, are evidences that the magazine will take a high rank. Address, 
The National Magazine, Albanv. N. Y. 



James Arthur Emmerton, M.D., of Salem, of whom an obituary will appear 
in the next number of the Register, died at Salem, Dec. 31, 1888. He bequeath- 
ed to the Essex Institute ten thousand dollars, the income to be used to defray 
the expense of editing and publishing church and town records in the Histori- 
cal Collections of the Institute, and if necessary for other purposes. It is pro- 
vided, however, that from the income of this 810,000, the Institute shall pay to 
the testator's life long friend, Henry F. Waters, now of London, England, five 
hundred dollars a year during the tenn of his life. Dr. Emmerton was a class- 
mate of Mr. Waters at Harvard College, and with him, in 1880, published a vol- 
ume entitled "Gleanings from English Records about New Engkand Families." 
See Register, vol. 34, pp. 422-4. The friends of Mr. Waters are gratified that 
Dr. Emmerton has manifested, in this way, his appreciation of his classmate's 
merits and services. 



The Bench and Bar of New Hampshire.— Hon. Charles H. Bell. LL.D., of 
Exeter, N. II., is engaged in preparing a biographical history of the Bench and 
Bar of New Hampshire, which will include notices of all the deceased lawyers 
who have lived and practised in the province and state, from the beginning. 
For any information, especially respecting the earlier and less conspicuous 
members of the legal profession, that may be furnished him, Mr. Bell will feel 
greatly obliged. 



1S89.] Notes and Queries. 207 

Quarter Millenary of tile Settlement of Taunton, Mass. — It has been 
decided to commemorate the completion of 250 years siuce the settlement of 
Tauuton, by appropriate ceremonies in that city on Tuesday and Wednesday, 
the 4th and 5th of next Jnne. A joint committee of the Tannton Ciry Govern- 
ment and the Old Colony Historical Society has r.he matter in charge. Hon. 
Edmund H. Bennett has accepted the invitation to deliver the historical ad- 
dress, and Henry W. Colby has agreed to read a poem. Sub-committees repre- 
senting not only the City of Taunton, but also the towns which once formed a 
part of Taunton, namely, Norton, Mansfield, Easton. Raynham, Berkley and 
Dighton, have been engaged in selecting historic places which should be marked 
with memorial stones or tablets for the benetit of future generations. 



Centenary of the Inauguration of Washington. — The series of centen- 
nial celebrations which was begun April U>, LS75, in commemoration of the 
Battle of Lexington, will be closed on the 30th of April, 1839, by the commem- 
oration in New York City of the one hundredth anniversary of the inauguration 
of Gen. George Washington as president of the United States. It is fitting that 
an event so august should be grandly celebrated, and everything possible is 
being done to make the celebration a brilliant one. The oration will be delivered 
by Chauncey M. Depew. and a poem is expected from the poet Whittier. The 
president of the United States and many other distinguished personages will 
participate in the ceremonies. 



The Genealogical Queries for 1889, the second of the series, will be issued 
as usual this spring. This publication is sent free to all interested in genea- 
logical research. " Copies are also sent to Public Libraries and Historical 
Societies. Over one hundred copies are sent to England. The cost of inserting 
a query is only $2 for one hundred words or less. The large circulation of the 
"Queries" is sure to help those who desire information relative to family 
history, and it is hoped that all interested will avail themselves of this oppor- 
tunity. This is also an excellent medium for advertising new works of History, 
Biography and Genealogy, as it falls into the hands of those who are sure to 
read it through. The valuable index of names that it contains makes it a book 
of reference, and must always be consulted by both the old aud new student in 
family history. In order to insert a query in this year's issue, they should be 
sent at once. Send for circular to E. H. Tilley, Newport, R. I., to whom all 
communications should be addressed. 



History of Ancient Windsor, Conn. Ey Henry R. Sth.es, M.D, — This 
work was published in 1850 in an Svo. of 922 pages, and a supplement of 134 
pages appeared in 18G3. In noticing the work in April. I860, the Register 
said, " This work comes as near our ideal of a good town history as any yet 
published." It is a book that shows marvellous labor and research. Both works 
have long been out of print and command high prices. The author now pro- 
poses, if sufficient encouragement is obtained, to issue a new and thoroughly 
revised edition. It will contain all the matter of the origiual work and the 
supplement, and will be further enriched by the result of the author's researches 
during the last quarter of a century. The work comprises the history of the 
present towns of Windsor, East Windsor, South Windsor, Ellington, Bloom- 
field and Windsor Locks, and contains extensive Genealogies and Genealogical 
Notes. It will be issued in two volumes, large octavo, with not less than" GOO 
pages to the volume, copiously illustrated not only with the original illustra- 
tions, but with new portraits, views, maps, etc., and bound substantially in 
cloth, uncut edges, gilt top. It will be sold exclusively by subscription/and 
the edition will be closelv limited to the subscriptions received. Price 810.** 
Address, Henry R. Stiles, M.D., Hill View, Warren Co., N. Y. 

Circulars sent on application. 



De Graffenrfed Fa-aftey Memorial. — I have for some years, with the assis- 
tance of my mother, Mrs. Mary II. de Grallenried, 1301 Corcoran St., Washington, 
D. C., and others, been engaged in the preparation for publication of a genealogy 



208 JVbles and Queries. [April, 

of the descendant? of Christopher de Graffenried. Baron of Woeb and Bar©u de 
Bernberg, who attempted to found a colony of Swiss and Palatines at New 
Berne, North Carolina., about 17 LO, with a retrospect of the ancestry of the 
Baron, our progenitor. I have already gathered important data and highly in- 
teresting documents. 

It is designed to embrace in the Family Memorial as full and detailed an 
account of the North Carolina settlement, from its inception at the Court of 
Queen Anne of England, as may be attainable. Any fact or tradition connected 
with it, or any definite reference to printed accounts of it. will be gratefully re- 
ceived, as will be also information as to the taking up of laud in Pennsylvania 
for settlement by the scattered New Berne colonists* 

Correspondence is solicited with all interested in my design, and especially 
with the descendants of Ts Charuer de Graffenried (who died in Lunenburg Co., 
Va., in 170-1, leaving sons Baker and William among others, and daughters), 
grandson of Baron Christopher de Graffenried. 

1301 Corcoran St., Waaltiwjton, D. 0. (Miss) Clare de Graffenried. 



Virginian Antiquities. — "An association," says the Richmond Dispatch of 
January 20, iSSO, •' has been formed recently by a number of the prominent and 
reverential ladies of Virginia, the object of which is the preservation of various 
hallowed and historic landmarks and memorials of Colonial Virginia, old build- 
ings, tombstoues etc. It is proposed to purchase and repair or restore various 
buildings of peculiar interest. — among them the old magazine (popularly known 
as the •powder-house') at Williamsburg, which was built during the term of 
Spotswood as Governor, — the recuttins; of old epitaphs, and other similar offices. 
There is a pressing need for such an organization, as the buildings are rapidly 
falling into ruins, and the inscriptions on the tombstones of honored past 
worthies are fast being obliterated by the effects of the elements and by vandal 
hands. The accomplished Avife of our excellent Governor, Mrs. Lee, is an- 
nounced as the president of the association, and Mrs. Cynthia B. T. Coleman of 
Williamsburgh, and Miss Mary J. Gait of Norfolk, are among the active mana- 
gers. Miss Gait has recently visited New York city in behalf of the association, 
and met with much encouragement there. This commendable object, must com- 
mand the active sustenance of numerous of the fair daughters of the Old Do- 
minion. 

" All interested in the object of the association and desiring to give it aid or 
to obtain or give information, are desired to communicate with Mrs. Lee, Mrs. 
Coleman or Miss Gait as above. 

"Miss Gait is a niece of the late eminent sculptor, Alexander Gait. Mrs. 
Coleman is a daughter of the late Nathaniel Beverley Tucker, of William and 
Mary College, a granddaughter of St. George Tucker, of the Supreme Court of 
Appeals, and a graudniece of John Randolph of Roanoke." 



Indian Remains on Mackwouth's Island. — The Portland Advertiser of March 
14, 1880, contains a letter from James Phinney Baxter, A.M.. describing the re- 
cent discovery, on Mackworth's Island in Casco Bay, of some interesting Indian 
relics. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest, that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from colleges or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should be 
nsed when the full names are known. 

JBrerJc. By Bvt. Brig. Gen. Samuel Breck. U.S.A., Omaha, Nebraska.— Gen. 
Breck iias nearly ready a genealogy of the Breck family the immigrant ancestors 
of which early settled at Dorchester, Mass. Persons having information re- 
lative to this family are requested to send it to the author early. 



1889.] Societies and their Proceedings, 209 

Driver. By Mrs. Harriet Ruth (Waters) Cooke, *."> East 57th St., New York 
city. — The book is devoted to the descendants of Robert Driver of Lynn, 1630. 

An appendix Mill contain accounts of twenty-three collateral families. This 
book was announced in our last, but there was an error in the price then given. 
It should be three dollars a copy. 

Elvcell. — The late Rev. J. T. Elwell many years ago began tracing the genea- 
logy of the Elwells. His manuscripts, representing years of research, are very 
valuable. His widow, who is loth to see so much labor lost, will dispose of the 
collection on liberal terms. Any person or persons willing to agree to publish 
the same, may address the editor of the REGISTER for terms. 

Hor.ier. By B. Homer Dixon, Esq.. of Toronto, Canada. — This book will 
give a brief account of the family of Homer or de Homere of Ettimrshall, co. 
Stafford. England, and Boston. Mass. ; the ancestors and descendants of Capt. 
John Homer who came to Boston about 1690. It will be printed as soon as 
enough orders are received to cover the expense. It will be published by Joel 
Munsell's Sons. Albany, X. Y., in a small -tto. volume, with index. Price -82. 

Xorthrup. By Hon. A. Judd Xorthrup, Syracuse. X. Y. — Judge Xorthrup 
has been for some time engaged in collecting materials for a genealogy of the 
Nortbrup family, his investigations covering Xorthrup. Xorthrope and other 
variations of the name. He has records of about five thousand names. Infor- 
mation solicited. Circulars sent on application. 

Pomeroy. By William W. Rodman, M.D., of Xew Haven, Ct. — Dr. Rodman 
is making a study of Pomeroy Genealogy, and solicits correspondence from 
those interested in any of the branches. 

Sweeting, tangford and Cobb. By Mr. Charles L. Alden, -4 Gale Place. Troy, 
N. Y. — A genealogical work on these families is in preparation and will soon 
be put to "press. It will contain notices of the Tyrrells, Whitings and other 
allied families. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PEOCEEDIN'GS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, December 5, 1888. — A monthly meeting was 
held at three o'clock this afternoon, the president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., 
in the chair. 

George K. Clarke, chairman of the committee appointed in Xovember, reported 
resolutions on the death of the Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D.. of Chicago, 
honorary vice-president of this Society for the State of Illinois. The resolutions 
were unanimously adopted. 

Rev. Henry A. Hazen, chairman of the committee to whom the matter had 
been referred by the directors, reported resolutions appealing to Congress that 
the serious error of the past in naming states, namely, the use of double names, 
as New, Xorth, South or West, be not repeated ; and that the unwritten law " no 
personal names," which has served us so well in guarding the quality of our roll 
of names, be still observed. 

Benjamin Rand, Ph.D., of Cambridge, read a paper on "The New England 
versus The Loyalist Emigration to Nova Scotia." 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported as donations in November, 15 volumes 
and 12 pamphlets. 

Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., the corresponding secretary, reported the ac- 
ceptance of resident membership, to which they had been elected, by John Wilson 
of Cambridge and Fiske Warren of Boston. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Tuesday, January 15, 1889. — The annual meeting was held this 
evening at Historical Hall, the president, the Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, in the chair. 

President Emery made his annual address. 

The chair appointed Messrs. Henry M. Lovering, Rev. C. H. Learoydand Capt. 
George A. Washburn a committee to nominate officers for 1889. They pre- 
yol. xliil 18* 



210 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

sented the names of the retiring board and- all were unanimously re-elected* 
namely i 

Preside nt. — "Rev. S. Hopkins Emery of Taunton. 

Vice Presidents. — lion. Edmund II. Bennett of Taunton, Rev. William L. 
Challiu of North Easton. 

Recording Secretory and Librarian. — Capt. J. W. I). Hall of Taunton. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Hon. Charles A. Reed of Taunton. 

Treasurer. — Dr. E. U. Jones of Taunton. 

Historiographer. — Hon. William E. Fuller of Taunton. 

Directors. — Edgar H. Reed. Esq., of Taunton. Gen. E. W. Peirce of Freetown, 
James II. Dean, Esq., of Taunton. Hon. John S. B ray ton of Fall River, Elisha 
Clark Leonard, Esq. ; of New Bedford, John F. Montgomery, Esq.. of Taunton. 

A biographical sketch of the late IIou. Henry Williams by Capt. A. M. Wil- 
liams was read. 

Hon. James Brown offered resolutions approving of the celebration at New 
York city, on the 30th of April, of the centenary of the inauguration of Presi- 
dent Washington, which were unanimously adopted. President Emery, Sec- 
retary Hall, Rev. William L. Chatiin, Hon. William E. Fuller and Gen. Ebenezer 
W. Peirce were appointed delegates. 

Capt. Hall, the librarian, reported many and valuable donations. 

The secretary reported that over 100 members had been added the past year, 
of whom 88 are paying members. 

The treasurer made a report of the financial condition of the Society, show- 
ing it to be in good condition — a net gain of 8200 in the treasury. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Friday, Feb. 22, 18S9. The Society dedicated its hall in the new 
Baxter Library Building by holding its winter field day there on Washington's 
birthday. The Venerable president, the Hon. James W. Bradbury, LL.D., pre- 
sided. 

Hubbard Winslow Bryant, the librarian and cabinet keeper, made his annual 
report. Papers were read by the Hon. William Goold on Madam Sally Say ward 
(Barrell) Wood, the First Maine Writer of Fiction; by Dr. J. W. Dearborn on 
The Life and Character of Amos Tuck; and by George F. Emery on Paul Coffin 
and the Early Maine Baptists. The paper by Mr. Goold on Madam "Wood is 
printed in full in the Portland Advertiser, Feb." 26th. 

At the evening session, President Bradbury delivered an address in which he 
paid a high compliment to James Phinney Baxter for his munificence and 
public spirit, which deserves special recognition by the Society. Thanks were 
also expressed to the City of Portland for past favors, which Mr. Baxter has 
now supplemented by these new and elegant quarters. The indebtedness of the 
Society to its custodian-, Cleveland, Newman, Longfellow, Packard and Bryant, 
was also referred to. The needs of the Society were pointed out, centering 
mainly on the subject of future publications. 

Prof. Chapman in behalf of T)r. W. B. Lapham. chairman of a committee of 
which Judge Williamson is also a member, submitted a report recommending a 
quarterly publication of the Society's transactions and papers in lien of the 
present system. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providencp, Tuesday, November 27, 1888. — A stated meeting was held this 
evening at the Society's Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, Prof. William 
Gammell, LL.D., in the chair. 

Prof. J. Franklin Jameson, Professor of History in Brown University, read a 
paper on " The Records of the Virginia Company." A full abstract of the paper 
was printed in the Providence Disj>atrh. November 28, 1888. 

Tuesday, DtceMber 11. — A stated meeting was held this evening. Prof. 
Edward P. Smith, of the Worcester Technological Institute, read a~paper on 
" The Movement Toward a Second Constitutional Convention in 178b." This 
paper gave a history of the movements resulting from the circular letter ordered 
by New York to be seut to the several state conventions calling for a second 
general convention to adopt the amendments to the constitution proposed by the 
states. The amendments were subsequently submitted to the states by Congress, 
and ten out of twelve amendments submitted were adopted. 



1889.] Societies and their Proceedings. 211 

Friday, December 28. — A meeting was hold this evening at the Cabinet. Rev. 
Edward Everett Hale, D.D., of Boston, Mass., read a paper on "The Naval 
History of the American Revolution." 

New Haven Coloxy Historical Society. 

New Haven, Conn., December 17, 1SS8. — A paper on "Bells" was read by- 
Justus S. Hotchkiss. Esq. 

January 7, 1889. — Special Meeting. A paper on "The Connecticut Troops at 
the Siege of Charleston, 1863," was read by William S. Wells, Esq., late 
U. S. N. 

A vote of thanks was passed to the publishers of several newspapers for their 
offer to deposit files with the Society. 

January 21. — Rev. D. William Havens, of Meriden, read a paper on " The Re- 
lations of the Town of New Haven to the Village of East Haven." 

February 5. — A special meeting of the directors was held at 12 M., to receive 
from Mr. Epes Sargent Dixwell, of Cambridge, the silver snuff-box of John 
Dixweli, the Regicide, and a collection of his papers. Mr. Dixwell traced the 
ownership of the box and papers from the Regicide to himself, and formally 
presented them to the Society. A committee was appointed to draw up proper 
resolutions to be submitted to the Society for adoption. 

February 18. — Resolutions thanking Mr. Dixwell for his valuable gifts and 
requesting him to prepare a detailed account of them were passed. James 11. 
Giimore ("Edmund Kirke '*) read a paper entitled "Old Times Beyond the 
Alleghanies." 

March IS. — A communication from Mr. Epes Sargent Dixwell as to the me- 
morials of his ancestor, Col. John Dixwell, lately presented to the Society, was 
read, followed by a paper on " The Government of London," by Prof. Arthur 
M. Wheeler. 

North Carolina Historical Society. 

Chapel Hill, Tuesday, November 18. 1888.— The first meeting for 1888-80, was 
held this evening in the hail of the University of North Carolina, the president, 
Kemp P. BattlerLL.D., in the chair. 

President Battle read a paper proving the error of the statement in a receut 
history that Xorth Carolina, like Rhode Island, founded her dislike to the Federal 
Constitution on its prohibition of bills of credit, because she had issued so much 
of her owu. He showed by quotations from the speeches of its opponents in the 
State Conventionof 178S, viz.. of Bloodworth. Taylor, Galloway, McDowell, Cald- 
well, Lenoir, Goudy, Jones and others, as well as by quotations from the speeches 
of Federalists such as Iredel, Davie, Maclaine, that the objections were of a gener- 
al nature, that too much power was granted, that this power was undefined, and 
that the rights of the states had not been guarded. The Anti-Federali.sts of 
North Carolina really dreaded a consolidated government. It was conclu^iv-ly 
shown that no one objected to future prohibition of state bills of credit, or that 
the fear of the state being forced by the federal courts to pay par in specie for 
her depreciated paper, was only one of many objections urged to immediate adop- 
tion. North Carolina did not reject, she only deferred accepting until assured 
the much desired amendments would be adopted. 

Dr. Stephen B. Weeks presented a paper on Blackbeard, the Corsair of Carolina. 
He sketched the rise of privateering and buccaneering in America, and showed 
how Teach came to turn pirate. He had been a soldier in Queen Anne's War, 
and although the historian accuses him of beiag a pirate before, there is 
no proof that he was one prior to the treaty of Utrecht in 1713. He then became 
a pirate because it was the easiest way for him and his men to make a living. 
He was slain at Ocracoke Inlet in 1718, by Capt. Brand. The historians srivethe 
honor improperly to Lieut. Maynard. The evidence for and against Knight -was 
given and summed up. The author came co a verdict of guilty ; this has been the 
verdict of the State for 170 years. Dr. Weeks then presented some anecdotes 
and local traditions concerning the life of the pirate, his wives, buried treasure, 
body after death, and the real existence of at least one chest of his money. 

Mr. William J. Andrews, of Raleigh, was elected secretary and trea>urer in 
place of Dr. Weeks, who goes to the Johns Hopkins University to pursue his 
studies. Mr. Andrews is a man of talent, is interested in his work ; and will make 
a good officer. 



212 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

State Historical Society of Kansas. 

Topeka. Tuesday, . January 15, 1880. The annual meeting was held this eve- 
ning, the president, the Hon. Edward Russell, in the chair. 

Papers were read by Hon. James Humphrey on '-Kansas west of Topeka 
prior to 1805''; by John C. McCoy on "The Survey of the Indian Lands of 
Kansas "; and by Major James B. Abbott on " The Rescue of Dr. Doy." 

The nominating committee reported the following list of officers for 1.889. 
Thev were unanimously elected, namely : 

President.—'W . A. Phillips. 

Vice Pmmdents* — C. K. ilollkhiy and J. S. Emery. 

Secntary. — F. G. Adams. 

Treas u re r. — J oh n F ran c is. 

Executive Committee. — L. IT. Humphrey, T. D. Thacher. A. R. Greene, N. A. 
Adams, F. P. Baker. 

Board of Directors. — C. A. Swenson, Lindsborg; F. Wellbouse, Fairmount; 
Scott Hopkins, Horton ; Joel Moody. Mound City: Z. T. Walrond. Osborne; 
B. F. J. Hanna. Wa-Keenev: D. MeTiuraart, Liberty; R. R. Havs. Osborne; 
Adrian Reynolds, Sedan; F. G. Adams, Topeka: E. J. Dallas, Topeka: Ed, 
Carroll. Leavenworth; L. R. Elliot. Manhattan; TV. C. Edwards, Lamed; X. S. 
Goss, Topeka; C. K. Holliday, Topeka; C. J. Jones, Garden City: George YV~. 
Martin. Kansas City; P. G. Lowe, Leavenworth; George R. Peck. Topeka; B. 
F. Simpson. Topeka; T. D. Thacher, Topeka; E. T. Carr. Leavenworth; John 
Schilling. Hiawatha; Jacob Stotler, "Wellington; James Humphrey. Junction 
City; Henry Booth, Earned; James Christian, Arkansas City: J. S. Emery, 
Lawrence; James R. Meade, Wichita: F. M. Hills, Cedarvale; D. X. Keizer, 
Great Bend : W. D. Street, Decatur. 

It was reported that daring the last year there have been added to the library 
1,619 bound volumes. 0.250 unbound volumes and pamphlets, 1,895 volumes of 
newspapers and .periodicals besides other articles. The library now contains 
9,971 bound volumes; 30,350 unbound volumes; 7.981 bound volumes of news- 
papers and periodical-, making a total of 48.305. They consist chiefly of the 
printed and written records of the people of Kansas. 

POCTJMTUCK YALLEY MeMOBIAL ASSOCIATION. 

Deerfield. Mass., Tuesday, February 26, 1889. The annual meeting of the 
Association was held this clay. 

At the afternoon session the curator reported as donations, 326 books, 357 
pamphlets, 150 broadsides. 21 photographs and paintings, large quantities of 
valuable MSS., including Revolutionary rolls and military papers, and 75 speci- 
mens of Indian and other relics. 

The treasurer's report shows receipts from various sources of $203.90, an ex- 
penditure of $58.49, and a balance of 01,189.69. A donation of S500 not in- 
cluded in the report for the general use of the society was announced. 

The committee on the seal reported the choice Of a device, and the matter 
was placed in the hands of Mr. Champney. 

The committee to prepare the annals of the association reported one volume of 
500 pages as ready for the printer, which will be sold for about 82 per copy. 
The second volume, which will bring the history down to date, is nearly finished. 

These officers were chosen ; 

President. — George Sheldon. 

Vice Presidents. — Rev. Dr. A. Hazen, Jas. S. Reed, Marion, Ohio. 

Recording Secretary and Treasurer. — Nathaniel Hitchcock. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Edgar Buckingham. 

Councillors. — Rev. Dr. R. Crawford, L. J. B'. Lincoln. Chas. Jones. Albert 
Stebbins, Robt. Childs, Philo Munn. and Chas. E. Williams, Deerfield; Rev. P. 
V. Finch, Newell Snow, Freeman C. Griswold. Greenfield; Henry Wells. Shel- 
burne; Geo. W. Hammond, Boston; Henry W. Phillips, Springfield; Samuel 
Carter, Brooklyn. 

Curator. — George Sheldon. 

Finance Committee. — Chas. Jones, Robt. Childs and Albert Stebbins. 

Committee on Field Day. — Jona. Johnson of Greenfield. Silas G. Hubbard of 
Hatfield, Rev. Edgar Buckingham of Deerfield, James and Seth B. Crafts of 
Whately. 



1889.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 213 

After the session a generous lunch was served In the town hall. 

At the evening exercises. Mr. Glazier of Greenfield made the opening speech, 
and .Miss H. Isabella Williams read an original poem. " The Decrtield Captives." 

Miss C. Alice Baker followed with a paper entitled: "Two Captives: A 
Romance of ileal Life Two Hundred Years Air o. M This paper was printed in 
the Greenfield Gazette and Courier, March 16, 1880. 

W. E. Mansfield next read an account of "The Sioux Massacre in August, 
1862." 

The exercises were interspersed with old time singing by the choir, which was 
highly appreciated. 

Georgia Historical Society. 

Savannah, Tuesday, February 12, 1889. The Society celebrated this evening, 
by a banquet at the Pulaski House, the fiftieth anniversary of its formation. 
There was a brilliant gathering in honor of the Society's scinicentenary. 
Speeches were made by Gen. Henry R. Jackson, the president of the Society. 
Ex-Mayor Courtenav. Rev. Charles C. Pinckney, Prof. H. E. Shepherd. Carl C. 
Brandt" Prof. II. C.'White, Plon. F. G. DuBignon. Ex-Gov. McGrath of South 
Carolina, Col. Charles II. Oimstead and Col. A. R. Lamar. Letters from dis- 
tinguished guests who were unable to attend were read. Among the writers 
were Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, United States Secretary of State. Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, John G. Whittier, George William Curtis and Ex-President 
Jefferson Davis. 

The annual meeting had been. held at four o'clock in the afternoon of that day. 
President Jackson read his annual address, and the librarian and the several 
committees made their yearly reports. 

The following officers were then elected for the ensuing year: 

President. — Gen. Henry R. Jackson. 

First Vice President. — Col. John Screven. 

Second Vice President. — Col. Charles H. Oimstead. 

Treasurer. — William S. Bogart. 

Librarian. — William Harden. 

Becording Secretary. — Beirne Gordon. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Capt. Robert Falligant. 

Curators. — Jud^e W. D. Harden, Col. George A. Mercer, H. S. Haines, J. R. 
F. Tattnall, W. G. Charlton, Col. J. H. M. Clinch and Dr. R. G. Nunn. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENExVLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches prepared 
for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited space 
which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be gath- 
ered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more ex- 
tended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

Henry Austtn Whitney, A.M., of Boston, a life member, admitted Feb. 11, 
185G, died at Boston, Feb. 21, 1889. He was the second child aud only son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Pratt) Whitney, and was born in Boston, October 6, 1826. 



MM 



214 . Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

He was of the eighth generation from John Whitney, who settled at Water- 
town in IGo.j. He was educated at the Boston schools, and entered Harvard 
College, graduating therefrom in 1846, in the same cla-<> with George F. Hear, 
Charles Eliot Norton, Francis J. Child, George M. Lane. Edmund T. Eastman and 
others. He joined his father in business, me firm being one of the largest In 
the wholesale boot and shoe trade. The pressing necessity of this trade a 
generation ago, was the development of better means of communication be- 
tween Boston and the South and Southwest. One of the results of the efforts 
made to meet this want, was the establishment of the line of steamship* between 
Boston and Baltimore, by the merchants of these two cities, which has beeu 
one of the most successful enterprises of the kind ever started in this country. 
Mr. Whitney's father was a leading projector of this line, and one of the earliest 
steamers belonging to the company bore his name. Mr. Henry Whitney became 
a director in 1863, and continued to be a member of the Board while he lived. 
In 1871 he was elected a director of the Boston and Providence Railroad Cor- 
poration, aud in 1875, during the absence of Governor Clifford, he served as 
president. In 1876 he was chosen Governor Clifford's successor, and held the 
office until his death. Mr. Whitney was also a director in the Suffolk Bank 
from 1874 until his death, and served as president from l.ST-t to 1876. He leaves 
behind him a high reputation for ability and integrity, gained in these various 
positions of trust to which he was called. But he was more than, a successful 
business man ; his tastes were cultivated and refined, he loved books and scholar- - 

ly pursuits, and took much interest in historical and genealogical studies. lie 
was a member of the Massachusetts Historical Society, to which he was ad- 
mitted in 1358. He was also a prominent Mason. He was a man of genial 
and courteous manners and of kindly disposition. He was taken suddenly ill with 
some acute internal trouble while engaged in the transaction of business on the 
19th of February, and died two days later, at his residence in this city. On 
the morning of the 22d, his friends were startled by the announcement of his 
death in the newspapers. One of them, in some memorial verses, thus re- 
cords the impression of the suddenness of his removal : — i 

Scarce cool my hand from the warm grasp of thine, 

And ere my cheek had lost the mantling glow — 
Provoked by thy dear words, like drops of wine, 

The spoiler sped the cruel shaft that laid thee low ! 

Mr. Whitney was married, March 3, 1852, to Fanny, daughter of William and 
Susan Ruggles (Bordman) Lawrence, a descendant of John Lawrence who set- 
tled in Watertown in 1636, the year after John Whitney settled there. Mrs. 
Whitney survives ; and with her there are three sons and two daughters. 

Hon. Charles Louis Flint. A.M.. of Boston, a life member, admitted Nov. 
2, 1368, died at Hillman, Ga., Feb. 26, 1889. He was born in Middleton, Mass., 
May 8, 1824. He was the second son of Jeremiah and Mary (Howard) Flint. 
His father was a farmer, and occupied a part of the homestead that had be- 
longed to his ancestors for several generations. His earliest ancestor in this 
country, Thomas Flint, came, as tradition says, from Wales about the year 1640, 
and settled a few years later in Salem Village. Charles Louis was of the 
seventh generation from this emigrant ancestor. His early life, like that of 
most farmers' boys, was divided between labor on the farm and study in the 
country school. Two years after the death of his mother, and when he was 
fourteen years of age, he went to live with an uncle in Norway, Maine; change 
of residence however did not materially change the tenor of his life, — the work 
of a farmer's boy during the larger part of the year, and a few weeks at the 
district school in the winter. But he here came under the influence of a teacher, 
who, without the advantages of a liberal education, advised and encouraged 
this youth in whom he discerned capacity for intellectual development and cul- 
ture, to pursue a course of liberal study such as he himself had not been able 
to follow. To act on this advice, required no small amount of courage, energy 
and perseverance, for Charles had no one but himself upon whom to depend 
for support during the long years of preparation for college, and during the 
college course. He entered Phillips Academy, Andover, in the spring of 1841 ; 
here he worked hard, studying early and late to keep up with his class. He 
entered Harvard College in 1815, and now began to use his pen as a means of 



J • 



1889.] Booh Notices. 215 

earning money to meet his expenses. He was a faithful and conscientious stu- 
dent, and was able to graduate in IS 40. not only iu good standing as a scholar, 
but free from debt. Before his graduation, he was offered a situation as teacher 
in a grammar school, and as the place seemed a promising one, and the salary 
was liberal for that time, he accepted it, at the advice, among others, of the 
President of the College, Edward Everett, although he did not intend to follow 
teaching as a permanent calling. In the autumn of 1830, he entered the Dane 
Law School ; during his two years of study there, he held a position iu the 
Nautical Almanac Office, iu Cambridge, of which Commodore Davis was super- 
intendent. The duties of this position were light, and did not interfere materi- 
ally with his studies, while the salary was of essential service to him iu the prose- 
cution of his professional education. He left Cambridge in 1852, to accept an 
eligible offer to enter a law office in New York, and soon after he was admitted 
to the New York bar. At this time he had become known as a frequent con- 
tributor to the Journal of Agriculture, a monthly publication in Boston. The 
State Board of Agriculture was organized as a department of the State Govern- 
ment in Massachusetts in 1S52, and the selection of a competent secretary was 
a subject of much solicitude on the part of all interested in the new enterprise. 
Mr. Elint had already made such a reputation as a writer on agricultural sub- 
jects, that attention was tixed upon him as a most desirable man for the impor- 
tant position. Being unwilling to abandon the practice of the law, for which 
he had been so long preparing, and his prospects in which were most promising, 
he at first declined the appointment, but finally was persuaded to accept it, and 
on the Uth of February, 1S53, he entered upon the duties of the office. He held 
this secretaryship for a quarter of a century, during which he may be said to 
have almost created an agricultural literature. He prepared annual reports of 
great value, and wrote several treatises in the line of las favorite studies and 
investigations. He visited Europe, and wrote a report on the agricultural schools 
there, and he was a commissioner to the International Exhibition in Hamburg, 
in 1863. He interested himself also in the cause of education, and was one of 
the founders of the Institute of Technology in this city, and of the Agricultural 
College at Amherst : he was a trustee in both these institutions. lie was for 
several years a member of the School Committee of Boston, and interested him- 
self in the erection of the fine buildings now occupied by the English High and 
Latin Schools. On retiring from the secretaryship of the Board of Agriculture, 
Mr. Flint took the presidency of the New England Mortgage Security Company, 
an d held it until his death. He was was for many years an active member and 
officer of this Society. He had been out of health for some time, and took a 
journey to the South in the hope of improving it, but the result was different 
from what had been expected. He died at the Electric Mound Hotel, Hillman, 
Georgia, February 26, 1880, in his sixty-fifth year, deeply lamented by all 
who had been associated with him iu public or private life, aud leaving behind 
him the fragrant memory of an exceptionally honorable and useful career. He 
was married February 14, 1857, to Ellen E. Lelaud, of Grafton, Mass.. who, 
with three children, survives him. 

George Warren Harding, Esq., a life member, whose Necrology was printed 
in the January Register, page 100, died in Newport, R. I., July 22, 1887, and 
not in Boston as there stated. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



Winslow Memorial. Family Records. Winslows and their Descendants in America, 
with the English Ancestry as far as known. — Kenclm 1 Winslow. Vol. II. By 
David Parsons' Holton, A.M., M.D.. and his wife Mrs. Frances K. 7 (For- 
ward) Holton.— New York: Mrs. Frances K. 7 Holton, Publisher. 1833. 



\ 



[.6881 






216 Booh Notices. [April, 

Pages 52JM057; Appendices, 170: Indices, 133=total, 840 pages. Illustrated 
with 12 steel plate portraits, and 5 on wood, or other process; 4 views, 1 
map and 1 facsimile of document. Trice *">. 

When Dr. Iloltou died, in 1883, he left some 400 pages of this second volume, 
in electrotyped plates, and about 230 pages of manuscript more or less prepared 
for publication. Unwilling that this should be lost to the family, and de- 
sirous of completing what she felt was the best monument which could be erect- 
ed to her husband's memory, Mrs. Iloltou has been Laboring through the past 
12 years to get it into print. Of the inherent difficulties of .such a task, genealo- 
gists need not to be informed; but when such work is done, as this has been, 
under every form of discouragement, from want of sufficient interest in those 
for whose benefit tfhis labor has been taken, from accidents and from conditions 
of physical ill-health aud weariness, no word of adverse criticism can be urged 
against any minor defects which may be noticed in its pages : only admiration 
and respect for the courage and constancy which hath wrought so great a 
labor of love. 

Those of the Winslow name now have a Family Record of which they will 
be proud; aud to the thousands (in other names) who will delight to trace 
their connection to one of the noblest families of New England, these two 
noble volumes present a most interesting field of research. 

This work is of a nature and value which will speedily tend to make it rare 
and not easily procurable. We therefore urge upon those who wish to possess 
a copy, the necessity of applying for it without delay, to Mrs. Holton. Xo. 12 
Clinton Place, New York city. 
By Hair j B. Stiles, 31. D., ef Hill Vieic, Lake George, X. Y. 

A Vindication of General Samuel Holden Parsons against the charge of treason- 
able correspondence during the Berolutionary War. By Hon. George F>. Lor- 
ing. From the Magazine of American History for October, 1888, with an 
Appendix containing letters from Gen. W. T. Sherman, Hon. Charles J. 
McCurdy and Charles A. Hall, Esq. Printed at the Salem Press. Salem, 
Mass. 1888. 8vo. pp. 38. 

This is an interesting and important paper designed to restore to its former 
place in the estimation of the American people, the name of a brave oificer of 
the Revolution. For a hundred years the memory of Gen. Parsons had been 
cherished, when the discovery of a certain letter threatened to reverse the ver- 
dict of a century. We cannot better state this circumstance than by a quota- 
tion from the Cyclopaedia of American Biography, recently published." •' It has 
recently been discovered in \ letter that is preserved in the manuscript volume 
of Sir Henry Clinton's original record of daily intelligence, now in the library of 
.Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet of New York city, that Parsons was in secret com- 
munication with Sir Henry Clinton, and that one William Heron, a representa- 
tive from Fairfield in the Connecticut legislature, was the intermediary to whom 
Parsons wrote letters, which with the knowledge of their author were sent to 
the enemy's head-quarters." 

Dr. Loring by quotations from letters to and from Washington, and by other 
reliable evidence, seeks, and we think successfully, to show "that Gen. Parsons 
was worthy the confidence of his Commander-in-chief, and of his countrymen ; 
that his letters were simply written as a decoy, and that Heron, while undoubted- 
ly a spy, was deceiving the British, and was in sympathy with the Americans. 
The fact that Heron was never treated as a Tory by his townsmen, and that he 
held important offices long after the war had closed, is certainly evidence in 
favor of this view of him. We do not believe that Gen. Parsons, who was emi- 
nent as a civilian, and was one of the fathers of the Marietta Colony, could 
have had a more able defender than Dr. Loring, who has certainly made a strong 
case for the defence. 
By George Kuiui Clarke, LL.B., of Xeedham, Mass. 

Landmarks in Ancient Dover and the Towns which hare Sprung Therefrom. By 
Mary P. Thompson. Concord, X. H. : Republican Press Association. 1888. 
Eoyal 8vo. pp. 85. 

This little volume is a valuable contribution to the local history of New Hamp- 
shire; aud will be hailed with great satisfaction by all who are interested in the 
antiquities of the towns originally forming a part "of Dover. 



1889.] Booh Notices. 217 

In 1837, Dr. JohnR. Ham, of that city, published a little pamphlet of eighteen 
pages, entitled, ''Localities in Ancient Dover,*' which was noticed in the Reg- 
ister for July of that year. The present, much larger and fuller work, supple- 
ments Dr. Ham's pamphlet by correcting certain mistakes and supplying omis- 
sions, and by extending its scope. The author, Miss Thompson, an accomplished 
and very careful student of local history, has, in these pages, given a descrip- 
tion, arranged in alphabetical order, of over two hundred and fifty localities in 
Dover and the towns formed from it, which are named in early records or tradi- 
tions ; including rivers, creeks, coves, brooks, ponds, swamps, islands, hills, 
bridges, falls, and, most interesting of all, the numerous old garrison houses. 
Some account is given of each place, comprising as far as possible a statement 
of its situation and the origin of the name, with frequent references to the early 
settlers. In this way, much valuable information is included of a genealogical 
character. 

The book is a monument of patient and conscientious labor, which can only 
be appreciated by the conveyancer or the antiquarian, — involving an immense 
amount of search in Dover, Durham, Newington. etc., and among the County 
records of Exeter. It contains, as its author believes, a complete list of all the 
old localities in Madbury, Durham, Lee. and the coast of Xewington; perpetua- 
ting some local names that have been utterly lost, even to tradition ; and giving 
the first complete account of the many garrison houses at Oyster River (Dur- 
ham) ; — identifying the sites of some that have been in dispute, and including 
others that had passed into total oblivion. 

The book will be of value to conveyancers in examining old titles to real es- 
tates ; and still more to students of local history. Miss Thompson has rendered 
a great service to the history of her native town. The idea of the work is an 
excellent one, and the example should be followed in every old town in the 
country. 

By David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge. 

Typographic Xeo-Eborac?)isis Primitm. Historical Xotes on the Introduction of 
Printing into New York, 1093. By George H. Mooke, LL.D., Superinten- 
dent of the Lenox Library. New York: Printed for the Author. MDCCC- 
LXXXVIII. 8vo., paper, pp. 18. 

This little work relates mainly to William Bradford, the celebrated printer, 
and his early New York publications dating from 1693, the year that he was 
established in that province, of which there are fourteen described. A pre- 
liminary notice of Governor Francis Lovelace, the second English governor 
of New York, and his efforts to establish printing in New York, forms a very 
interesting introduction to the main subject. Some account of Governor 
Benjamin Fletcher is also given. 

Mr. Bradford and his typographical work has never found an abler or more 
worthy advocate and historian than Mr. Moore, whose easy, fluent and graceful 
literary style gives an interest to the dry details of history not often found in 
writers in this field of literature. There is none too much history of the early 
printers of this country, and this little work will therefore be consulted with 
interest by future investigators of this subject. Bradford's unjust treatment by 
the authorities of Pennsylvania is well described. As this treatment led to his 
advancement as " printer to King William and Queen Mary at the city of New 
York," and to the friendship and support of Governor Fletcher, it may be said 
to have been the ill wind that eventually " blew him good." This work is 
commended to the attention of all historic readers. 
By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston, JIass. 

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. For the vear 
1886. Volume XXXYIIL— New Series, Volume II. Liverpool: Printed* for 
the Society. 1880. 8vo. pp. xvi.-j-178. 

The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire was organized in 1848. The 
Earl of Ellesmere, lord-lieutenant of Lancashire, was its first president and the 
Bishop of Chester now fills the office, having succeeded Thomas Glazebrook 
Rylands, F.S.A., in 1885. Other persons of distinction have held the office, 
among them the Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, who was president from 
1863 to 1866. The Society's roll of members contains some very di>tinguished 
names, among them the Marquess of Salisbury and Mr. Gladstone, the heads of 
the two great political parties of England. 

VOL. XLIII. 19 



218 Booh Notices. [April, 

The Society has issued thirty-eight volumes, filled with valuable historical 
aud antiquarian matter relating to the two counties. The present volume, 
which has been edited by E. M. Hance, LL.B., one of the honorary secretaries 
of the Society, will sustain the reputation of previous volumes. The editor, 
Mr. Hance, contributes Notes on the Ancient Cheshire Families of Bennett of 
Saughall Masse? and Bennett of Barnston; J. Venn, Sc.D., F.R.S., furnishes 
Notes on the Family of Penketh, co. Lancaster; Lieut Col. Fiswich. F.S.A., 
contributes a paper on Rochdale in the beginning of the Seventeenth Century ; 
T. N. Morton contributes a list of the manuscript records of the Family of 
Moore of Liverpool, and W. O. Koper furnishes a paper on The Missing History 
of Warton by John Lucas. Mr. Hance*s article of the Bennett Family is a 
particularly valuable one, tilling over 100 pages of the volume, and is illustrated 
by three beautiful illuminated facsimiles, — a pedigree and two coats of arms. 

The British Invasion from the Xorth. The Campaigns of Generals Carleton and 
Burgoyne from Canada, 1776-1777, with the Journal of Lieut. William Digby 
of the 53d or Shropshire Regiment of Foot. Illustrated xnth Historical Xotes. 
By James Phinxey Baxter, A.M. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell's Sons, 82 
State Street. 1887. Sm. 4to. pp. viii.-Kl2, cloth. Price 65; by mail §5.25. 
The basis of this work is a hitherto unpublished journal of a British officer 
in the Revolutionary war. Mr. Baxter gives this account of it : 

"While engaged during the fall and winter of 1885-6, in examining manu- 
scripts in English archives relative to America, a Journal in the British Museum, 
written by William Digby, an officer in the army of invasiou, and containing 
interesting particulars relative to the two campaigns of 1776 and 1777, attracted 
my attention, and I obtained permission from the Museum authorities to have 
it copied. Having familiarized myself with the Journal, I became so interested 
in it, that I laid aside other work in which I was engaged and began collecting 
materials for annotating it. This work led to a study of the subject, of which 
the Journal treats but partially, and to complete my task properly, a succinct 
account of the two campaigns and of questions growing out of them connected 
with the hero of the final and more important one — General Burgoyne — seemed 
necessary as introductory to Digby's work ; hence my account of the campaigns 
of Carleton and Burgoyne." 

Lieut. Digby's journal is in two divisions. The first is devoted to the Campaign 
of 1776 under Gen. Guy Carleton and extends from April, 1776, when the writer 
sailed from Cork, to Nov. 16, when the troops went into winter quarters. The 
second, devoted to the Campaign of 1777, under Lieut. Gen. John Burgoyne, 
begins May 6, 1777, and ends with the capture of the army at Saratoga. 

Mr. Baxter has siven us In the volume before us a very full and valuable 
account of the British Invasion from the North. He has prefixed to Lieut. 
Digby's Journal an introductory chapter, containing a carefully prepared sum- 
mary of the events in these important campaigns, and has annotated in an ex- 
haustive manner the Journal itself. 

The book, which forms No. 16 of Munsell's Historical Series, is printed 
uniform with that series, in old style type, on antique paper and with uncut 
edges. It has a good index. It is a worthy companion to the previous volumes 
which are so highly prized. 

The Registers of the Parish of Wandsworth in the County of Surrey (1603-1787). 
Transcribed by John Traviss Squire, a Member of the Harleian Society. 
Lymington: R. E. & C. T. King. 1888. Roval 8vo. Part II., Baptisms 
1675-1787, pp. 185; Part III., Burials 1603-1678 and 1727-1787, pp. 143. To 
be completed in four parts. Price 5 shillings each part, or £1 Is. for the 
complete work bound in cloth. Address, Mr. J. T. Squire. 33 Birdhurst 
Road, Wandsworth, Surrey, England. 

The first part of this work was noticed by us in January, 1888. Since then 
numbers 2 and 3 have been issued and are now before us. They are, like the 
previous number, handsomely printed, uniform with the publications of the 
Harleian Society. Mr. Squire, the editor, has done his work faithfully, and 
the work should meet with a quick sale. The proximity of Wandsworth to 
London, and the fact that the Registers contain numerous entries relative to 
the Huguenots, both French and Dutch, wiio settled there, give them more 
than a local interest. There are many New England surnames here. 



1889.] - Book Notices. 219 

American Ancestry ; airing the Name and Descent in the Male Line of Americans 
whose Ancestors settled in the United States previous to the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. Albany, N. Y. : Joel MunseU's Sons, Publishers. 1888. Vol. III. 
Part 3. Large 8vo. 1.01 pp. Price of Vol. III., complete, $5. Price of Vols. 
I. and II. , $2.50 each. 

This part completes the third volume of American Ancestry. The plan 
and object of this serial have been described and approved in previous numbers 
of this magazine. The records of the several individuals which appear in 
American Ancestry, serve a two-fold purpose, they record briefly the known 
genealogical facts concerning the person, and are a means of obtaining other 
facts. Many distinguished men have their pedigrees recorded here. The work 
will be of much service in the study of heredity. 

Memoir of Rev. Eliis Xason, A. IT. By "William Blake TraSK, A.M. Boston. 

1880. 8vo. pp. 30. With a portrait. Price 25 cts. For sale by David Clapp 

& Sou, 35 Bedford St., Boston, Mass. 

This is a reprint of the excellent memoir of Mr. Nason by his friend Mr. 
Trask, which was printed in the January Register. It an interesting summary 
of the life of one who won distinction as an author, lecturer and preacher. 
His many friends and admirers will be glad of an opportunity of obtaining his 
memoir in the handsome style in which this pamphlet is issued. The readers 
of the Register, of which he was the editor for several years, will also desire 
to own the memoir in separate form. 

Biographical Record of the Class of 1838 in Yale College. Printed for Private 
Distribution. New Haven: Turtle, Morehouse & Taylor. Printers. 1879. 
8vo. pp. 148. 
Supplement to the Biographical Record of the Class of 1838 in Yale College. Print- 
ed by order of the Class. 1889. 8vo. pp. 24. 

The editor of. these records of the Class of 1838 in Yale College, is William 
Woodbridge Rodman, M.D., of New Haven, Ct., the class secretary. The class 
celebrated last year the fiftieth anniversary of its graduation, and the Supple- 
ment contains the proceedings at that meeting and one on the forty-fifth anui- 
Tersary, with additions to the biographical and statistical history of the class 
for the last ten years. . 

The class of 183S consisted of 70 graduates, besides which, forty-eight other 
persons were at sometime members of the class. Of these 118 persous, more 
or less biographical information is given. Of most of the graduates and some 
of the undergraduates, full and detailed account's are given. Many members 
of the class have won distinction in the various walks of life. 

Life and Times of Judge Caleb Wallace, some time a Justice of the Court of 

Appeals of the State of Kentucky. By William H. Whitsitt. Louisville: 

John P. Morton & Companv, Printers to the Filson Club. 1888. 4to. pp. 

6+1+151. Price $2. * ■ 

The volume before us forms the fourth number of the Publications of the 
Filson Club. This Club is composed of " prominent citizens of Kentucky who 
are interested in the preservation of the early history and pioneer traditions of 
their state." 

Caleb Wallace was born in Albemarle county, Va., in 1742, and was graduated 
at the College of New Jersey in Princeton in 1770. He was licensed in 1772 as a 
Presbyterian minister. Ten years later he removed to Kentucky, where he became 
distinguished as a clergyman and civilian. He died in 1814. In this volume are 
gathered some very interesting details concerning Judge "Wallace and the early 
history of Kentucky, among the pioneer emigrants of which state he was pro- 
minent. He accomplished much in the cause of religious liberty and education. 

" His most memorable work," we are told, '• was the part he took in establish- 
ing Transylvania Seminary in the summer of 1783, and in establishing Trausylva- 
nia University during the year 1798. In connection with that labor, he conceived, 
elaborated and persuaded the legislature to adopt and endow the earliest system 
of education in Kentucky, which at that time was perhaps the best contrivance 
for public instruction that existed anywhere in the United States.'' 

There is much genealogical matter interspersed through the book relating to 
the "Wallace family and to other families connected with the subject of this 
volume. The author deserves great praise for the interesting volume he has 
given us. 



220 Booh Notices. [April, 

Indian Xmnes of glacts near the Great Lakes. By Pwtottt IT. Kelton-, A.M., 
CapHiu U. S, Army, Aiuhor of Annals of Fort Mackinac; History of the 
Sault Stc. Marie Canal. Society. Vol. I. Detroit, Michigan. 1688. 8vo. pp. 
55. In cloth. 

At tliis period when so many of the western territories are shaking off their 
chrysalis condition and are about to be enrolled among the prreat sisterhood of 
States, the timely appearance of this little volume serves to remind us of the 
exceeding propriety of bestowing' fitting Indian names upon these proposed new 
members of the Union. We need not be told that the aborigine* are gradually 
but rarely disappearing from the land which once they held as masters ; and 
little or no trace remains behind to tell us of their former powerful condition. 
The giving of their tribal names to the new States is at least some slight com- 
pensation for the loss of an interesting race whom we shall never see again. In 
place of the ungainly compound names of North and South Dakota, why were 
not these proposed new states tailed Dakota and Pembina, or same other equally 
good name for the last mentioned? In place of Washington, why not Tacoinah? 
so on with the others. 

Capt. Kelton has made a collection of forty-seven local names, giving their 
Indian titles and the origin, etymology and significance of these last, together 
with their terminal variations among the e&flferent tribes. With these are a few 
Indian legends which are well described and add no little interest to the work. 
The legend of Mishimakwa is charmingly tokl, and serves as an excellent illustra- 
tion of the author's careful research. Indeed the entire book is so interesting 
that one regrets that Capt. Kelton did not extend his Held of labor by making a 
more complete list of Indian names. But what he has given us is excellent, and 
gives evidence of much careful and painstaking investigation. The book is well 
printed, and is a welcome addition to our books relating to the Indian languages. 
By Olivet B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston. 

Somerset Incumbents. From the Hugo MSS. 30,279-SO of the British Museum. 
Edited by Frederic William Weaver. M.A., formerly Demy of Magdalen 
College. Oxford. Editor of the Visitations of the Counties of Somerset and 
Hereford. Joint Editor of Somersetshire Wills. Bristol : Privately Printed 
for the Editor by C. T. Jetferies and Sons. 1889. Royal Svo. pp. 4-7<J-r-li. 
Present price to American Subscribers 25 shillings, post free. The price will 
soon be raised. Address, Rev. E. W. Weaver, Milton. Evercreech, Somerset, 
England. 

Two manuscripts in the British Museum, called the " Hugo MSS.," are the 
basis of this work. The editor, the Rev. Mr. Weaver, gives this account 
of the manuscripts arid their author : 

" They have evidently been compiled from the Bishops' Registers at Wells, 
probably about the year 1730. They were, I believe, bequeathed to the British 
Museum by the Rev. Thomas Hugo (died 1*77), the author of several papers in 
the Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological Society. The Rev. T. S. Holmes, 
vicar of Wookey, writes to me : ' All I know about the mau whom I regard as 
the author of the Hugo MSS. is as follows: Edmund Archer, S.T.P., arch- 
deacon of Taunton, 1712, and archdeacon of Wells, 172(>, died 1739.' One or 
two later dates occur in the MSS.. but they are by a later hand. In the preface 
to the Wells Cathedral MSS. (Hist. MSS.' Commission) the editor, the Rev. J. 
A. Bennett, writes : ' Dr. Archer ( the friend and correspondent of T. Hearne), 
as the margins of Lib. Alb. I., Lib. Rub. IE, Lib. Alb. III., and several MS. 
hooks of dates in the Cathedral Library show, was a most diligent and accurate 
student of the Archives of his Cathedral: his labors have lightened mine 
considerably.' 

" The Hugo MSS. are not written in columns but in narrative form, and are in 
Latin." 

In the book before us the parishes in each of the Archdeaconries of Wells, 
Bath and Taunton are arranged alphabetically, while the incumbents of the 
several parishes are chronologically arranged. Separate columns are devoted to 
" Date of institution ; " " Incumbent ; " "How vacated ; "• " Patron " and •' Ref. 
Bishop's Register.'' 

The Rev. "Mr. Weaver has edited this book in a very praiseworthy manner. 
His annotations add much to its value. It is a useful contribution to English 
biography and to the history of the polishes of the county of Somerset. Those 



1889.] Book Notices. 221 

■who have had occasion to use the lists of incumbents of parishes in the diocese 
of London "which appear in NewcotwTs Repertorium, will be able to appreciate 
the importance of the present work. It supplies information that will be sought 
by American as well as English genealogist* and antiquaries. 

The Condition of the Archdeaconries of Suffolk and Sudbury in the Year 1603. 

By Rev. C. H. "Evelyn White. F.S.A. 3vo. pp. 40. 

This paper is reprinted from the sixth volume of the Proceedings of the 
Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History. '• Among the Harleian 
Manuscript Collections iu the British Museum (5!>5, No. II.. f. 1G8)," says the 
Rev. Mr. White, " is to be found the substance of certain Returns made by the 
clergy of the diocese of Norwich in answer to a circular letter addressed by 
Archbishop Whitgi ft to the Bishops of the Province of Canterbury in June, 
1603 (probably in obedience to some desire on the part of the king, James I.), 
requesting to be informed of the number of communicants iu the several dio- 
ceses, and what number of recusauts: also the names of such of the clergy as 
held two benefices, the number of impropriations and how they were served; 
what parsonages that had vicarages belonging to them and the values; and, who 
the patrons were of the several livings .... The chief value of these Re- 
turns consists in the insight we obtain of the actual condition of the Church 
of England at one of the most eventful periods of her history." 

The returns from the Archdeaconries of Suffolk and Sudbury are printed in 
this pamphlet, having been carefully edited by the Rev. Mr. White. The infor- 
mation here preserved will be fouud* useful to antiquaries and genealogists. 

Washington's Hides of Civility and D> cent Behavior in Company and Conversation. 
A Paper Found among the Early Writings of George Washington. Copied from 
the Original infix Literal Exactness, and Edited Kith. Xotes by J. M. Toner, 
M.D. Washington. D. C. i W. II. Morrison. 1888. 8vo. pp. 34. Price 50 cts. 
This is the first time these Rules have been printed entire. They have been 
copied by Dr. Toner with ''literal exactness," a form in which every lover of 
the father of his country would desire to have them. They were written by 
him at about the age of thirteen. No one has been able to decide whether these 
rules are original, a compilation, or a mere copy. Dr. Toner has made diligent 
research to trace them to their source, but has found nothing in the books he 
has examined " either identical with, or at all similar to them in form or arrange- 
ment," though he considers it possible that they may have been copied from 
some work on etiquette which he has failed to find. Their merit is remarkable 
if written by Washington at that early age. The work is brought out in a 
handsome form, and the editor has added much to its value by his preface, in- 
troduction and annotations. Dr. Toner has nearly ready for the press the Diaries 
and Journals of Washington, taken by him from the original manuscript and 
arranged in chronological order with notes. We trust that this work will soon 
make its appearance. 

A Genealogy of the Van Voorhees Family in America, or the Descendants of Steven 
Coerte Van Voorhees of Holland, and, Flatlands. L. I. By Elias W. Van 
Voorhls. New York and Eondou : G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1888. 4to. pp. 725. 

Historic Families of Kentucky. With special Reference to Stocks immediately 
Derived from the Valley of Virginia; tracing in Detail their various Genealogi- 
cal Connexions and Illustrating from Historic Sources their Influence upon the 
Political and Social Development of Kentucky and the States of the South and 
West. Bv Thomas Marshall Grkex. Eirst Series. Cincinnati: Robert 
Clarke & Co. 8vo. pp. 304. Price 62. 

John Leigh of Agaicam (Ipstcich), Massachusetts, 1634—1671; and his Descendants 
of the Name of Lee , with Genealogical Xotes and Biographical Sketches of all 
Descendants, so far as can be obtained; including Xotes on Collateral Branches. 
Compiled by William Lee. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell's Sons, 82 State 
Street. 1888. Sm. 4to. pp. vii.+ l'Jl. Price So; by mail. S">.25. 

The Goodrich Family in America. Together irith a Short Historical Account of 
the Family in England, the Origin of the Name, a Description of Goodrich Castle, 
etc. Edited for the Goodrich Family Memorial Association by Lafayette 
"Wallace Case, M.D. Chicago : Eergus Printing Company. 1889. Svo. 
pp. 417. 

VOL, XLIII. 19* 



222 Booh Notices. [April, 

The ffurlbut Genealogy \ or Record of the Descendant* of Thomas Hurlbtft of S>vj- 

brook and Wethers>i,ld, Conn., vkth Notices of Others not identified as his De- 
scendants. By Hr.vRY II. Hri:i.uL'i. Albany, X. Y. : Joel MunselTa Sons, Pub- 
lishers. 1888. Svo. pp. 545! Price $5. 

Memorials of Robert Lawrence "" 7 Robert BartleU and their Descendants. By 
Hiram Bartjlett Lawb^nce. 8yo. pp. ?24. 1888. 

Rutlrriana, Geuealogica et Biographic®; or Genealogical Notes concerning Mary 
Buth-r and her Descendants. By James Davie Butler. Albany, N. Y. : Joel 
Munsell's Sons, Publishers. 1868. 8vo. pp. 1G2. 

Charles E. Wiggin. 1813-18-^8. ltimo. pp. 148. 

Oliver Genealogy, a Record of the Descendants of Joseph, Reuben and Levi Oliver, 
and of Pierre ffiisee Gatlaudet, M.D. By Rev. Horace Edwin IIayi>i;n\ M.A. 
New York. 1888. 8vo. pp. 234-4. 

Celebration of the Tvo Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Landing of 
Samuel Packard in this Country, August 10, 1638, at Brockton. JI"ss.. August 
10, 1888. Issued by the Packard Memorial Association. 1888. Svo. pp. 72. 

Report of the Fifth Annual Ri at), tion of the Eaton Family Association, held at 
Boston, October 31, 1888. New Haven: Tuttle. Morehouse & Taylor, Printers. 
1888. 8vo. pp. 21. 

The Trotts of Dorchester and Boston. By Edward Doubleday Harris. 
Boston : Press of David Clapp & Son. 1880. 4to. pp. 4. With folding 
tabular Pedigree. 

"We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recent genealogical 
publications. 

The Van Voorhees genealogy is a sumptuous volume on a prominent New 
York family. Mr. Van Voorhis, of New York City, the compiler, i? the author 
of ''Notes on the Ancestry of Major William Roe Van Voorhis. of Fishkill, 
N. Y.." and of "Tombstone Inscriptions from the Churchyard of the Dutch 
Church, Eishkill Village, X. Y.," works which show his ability as a genealogist 
and an antiquary. He is. also a member of the New York Historical Society and 
the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. The present bulky work 
was undertaken owing to the favor with which his book, noticed by us in April, 
1882, on the ancestry of Major William R. Van Voorhis, was received. The 
book displays much research and. much taste in the selection of materials. It is 
handsomely printed on thick white paper, with wide margins, and has a very 
full index. 

Mr. Green, the author of the nest volume, ;; Historic Families of Kentucky, n 
says in his preface : "In writing these pages the object has been, not to tickle 
vanity by reviving recollections of empty titles or imaginary dignities or of 
dissipated wealth; but in a plain and simple manner to trace from their origin in 
this country a number of Kentucky families of Scottish extraction, whose 
ancestors, after having been seated in Ireland for several generations, emigrated 
to America early in the eighteenth century, and became the pioneers of the 
Valley of Virginia, to the communities settled in which they gave their own 
distinguishing characteristics. A later generation of these same families of the 
Valley were among the early pioneers of Kentucky." Records of the McDowells, 
the Logans and the Aliens are preserved in this volume, which is carefully pre- 
pared and well indexed. We shall look with interest for the coming series of 
this work, and trust the future volumes will be as valuable as this. 

The next volume, devoted to the Lee family, descended from John LciLrh. of 
Ipswich, Mass., is by William Lee, M.D., of Washington, D. C, who has spared 
no labor in making it full and reliable. Before the tight at Concord, Dr. Joseph 
Lee of that town gathered memoranda for a family history, and in 1817 his 
graudson, Thomas Jones Lee, of Calais, Maine, by correspondence and other 
means obtained materials and compiled a history of the family. His manuscript 
genealogy fell into the hands of Dr. Lee. t\ie compiler of this volume, who has 
labored for years to complete and perfect it, and now lays it before the public. 
To the main work the author prefixes genealogical sketches of the Lees of Great 
Britain and more detailed accounts of the various families of Lee found in 
America. The work is compiled with care and judgment. The book is hand- 
somely printed with large type and liberal margins. It is very fully indexed. 

The next title is thai of a handsome volume on the Goodrich* family. In 



/ 



/ 



1889.] Booh Notices. 223 

/October, 1388, we printed a notice of the Crst part of a book on this family, but 
the work was suspended after the issue of a second number. Since then the 
Goodrich Family Memorial Association has been organi?edj under whose auspices 
the present work has been issued. The compiler is Dr. Lafayette W. Case, of 
Chicago, 111., who has i\one his work faithfully. The volume contains descen- 
dants of John and William Goodrich of Wetherstield, Ct.. Richard Goodrich of 
Guilford, Ct., and William Goodrich of VYatertown, Mass., besides an account 
of the family in England. It is illustrated by portraits and views, and is well 
indexed. 

The next volume is by Mr. Hurlbut of Chicago, the author of "Chicago 
Antiquities." It is devoted to the descendants of Thomas Hurlbut of Saybrook 
and Wetherstield, Ct.. who came to America as early as 1637. The author has 
been very successful in gathering materials which he has clearly arranged in the 
book before us. It is illustrated by portraits and numerous autographs, and is 
well indexed. It makes a handsome volume. The author acknowledges assist- 
ance from the well-known and accurate genealogist, Mr. D. Williams Patterson 
of Newark Valley. N. Y. 

The volume devoted to the Lawrence and Bartlett memorials is by Mr. Eart- 
lett of Holyoke. Mass. It is in four parts; the first devoted to the Lawrences, 
and the second, third and fourth to the Bartletts. The Lawrence family here 
recorded is descended from Robert Lawrence, who settled at Sandwich in 
Barnstable County in the seventeenth century. The emigrant ancestor of the 
Bartletts here recorded was Robert Bartlett, who came in the " Anne" in 1023 and 
settled at Plymouth. Xo connection has been traced between him and Richard 
Bartlett. an early settler of Newbury. Mass., whose family aud history arc- given 
by Mr. Brown in his article, " Xewbury and the Bartlett Family, " in the Register, 
vol. 40, pp. 192-20L The author has performed his task iu a creditable manner. 
The book is well printed and has good indexes. 

The book on the Butler family is by Prof. James Davie Butler, LL.D., of 
Madison. Wisconsin, who began his genealogical researches about fifty years 
ago, and who published in 18-Tr, in the first volume of the Register, pages 167- 
lto, a tabular pedigree of his family, with notes. Since then Prof. Butler has 
continued his genealogical researches with good results. Mrs. Mary Butler, of 
Boston, the ancestress of the family to which this book is devoted, was the 
mother of Stephen Butler of Boston, a soldier in King Philip's war. Her hus- 
band's christian name has hot been ascertained. She married, secondly, Benjamin 
Ward, by whom she had one child: Mary, wife of William Holloway. In tracing 
Mary Butler's descendants, the author has not confined himself to those bearing 
the surname Butler, but has traced them into the Harris. Bates, Sigourney. and 
other families. The book is handsomely printed, is illustrated by portraits and 
views, and is well indexed. 

The Wiggin book is mainly a memorial of Charles Edward Wiggin. a highly 
esteemed citizen of Boston, who died March 12, 188$, in his GOth year. About 
half the book is devoted to biographical material relating to Mr. Wiggin. The 
rest of the volume is a history and genealogy of the Wiggin family descended 
from Capt. Thomas Wiggin of Dover, X. H. It is a useful volume." A portrait 
of Mr. Wiggfn illustrates it. 

The pamphlet genealogies of the Oliver and Gallaudet families is by the Rev. 
Horace E. Haydeu, of Wiikes Barre. Pa. , who has done his work thoroughly. The 
genealogies are reprinted from the New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record. The Oliver family here recorded is traced to New York. Delaware aud 
Pennsylvania. Xo relationship has been found between it and the New Eng- 
land family of Thomas Oliver, 1631. The Gallaudets are traced to New Roehelie, 
N. Y. The pamphlet is well printed and is embellished with a portrait of Capt. 
Paul A. Oliver. 

The pamphlet issued by the Packard Memorial Association contains the 
proceedings at the commemoration at Brockton, on the 10th of Augu.-t last, 
of the quarter millenary of the landing of the immigrant ancestor, Samuel 
Packard, in this country. There were, as usual in such cases, a procession and 
a dinner. The latter was followed by speeches, poems, and extracts from letters 
from those who could not attend, all of which appear in this pamphlet. A list 
of the persons present, and a view of them in a irroup, are also given. 

The report of the Eaton Family Association, besides the business proceedings 
at the gathering, Oct. 31, 1888, has an appendix of much genealogical interest. 



224 Recent Publications. [April, 

It contains reports from the persons engaged upon the several New England 
families of Eaton, in which are given genealogies of the early generations of 
these families, namely the descendants of Francis Eaton of Plymouth, of John 
Eaton of Dedhani, of John Eaton of Haverhill, of John Eaton of Beading, and 
of William Eaton of Beading, 

The Trott Family is a reprint from the Register. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society to Makcii 1, 138!). 
I. Publications icritten or edited by Members of the Society. 

A History of the New Hampshire Convention, 17SS. By Hon. Joseph B. "Walker, 
of Concord, "X. -II. Boston : Cupples U Jhsrd, Publishers. 18SS. 8vo. pp, 128. 

Butleriana Genealogica and Biographic-a, or Genealogical Notes concerning Mary 
Butler. Bv James Davie Butier, of Madison, Wis. Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany, 
N. Y. 1888. Svo. pp. 1G2. 

Note Book kept by Capt. Robert Keayne, an early settler of Boston. Svo. pp. 7. 

Remarks made before the Massachusetts Historical Society, March 1-i, 1889. By 
Samuel Abbott Green, M.l). John Wilson's Sons, Cambridge. 

u Miscellanies by an Oiriccr." Col. Arent Schuyler de Peyster. British Army, 1774 
-1813. WithoriginalLettersofCol.de Peyster; Discovery of De Peyster Islands, 
&c, and Biographical Sketches of the De Peyster, Watts and affiliated Families since 
their settlement in the present United States. Col. J. Watts de Peyster, LL.D., 
M.A., Columbia College, N. Y. New York : C. H. Ludwig, 10 & 12 Reade St. 1888. 
Svo. pp. 202. 

Historical Notes on the Introduction of Printing into New York, 1693. Bv George 
H. Moore, LL.D. ' New York: Printed for the Author. 18S8. Svo. pp. 18. 

Note Book kept by the Rev. William Brinsmead, the First Minister of Marl- 
borough, Ma^s. 

The British Invasion from the North. The Campaigners of General Carleton and 
Burgoyr.e from Canada, 1776-1777. With the Journal of Lieut. William Digby of 
the o'i'd oi Shropshire Regiment of Foot. Illustrated with Historical Notes by James 
Phinnev Baxter, A.M. Albany, N. Y. : Joel XtunselTs Sons. 1887. Sm. *4to. pp. 
viii.-f412. 

A Vindication of General Samuel Holden Parsons against the charges of treason- 
able correspondence during the Revolutionary War. By Hon. George B. Loring. 
Salem, Mass. 1SSS. Svo. pp. 38. 

Oliver Genealogy, a record of the Descendants of Joseph, Reuben and Levi Oliver, 
of New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware, 1727-1888; and of Pierre Elisee GaUaudet, 
M.D., of New Rocheile, New York, 1711-1888. By Rev. Horace Edwin Harden, 
M.A. New York: 1888. Royal 8vo. pp. 23-f-L 

II. Other Publication*. 

Board of Trade of the City of Hartford, Conn., Meeting of October 1, 1SS8. 
Introductory remarks by the President, J. M. Allen. Report of the Secretary, 
P. H. Woodward. Svo. pp. U. 

The Story of New York. By Elbridge S. Brooks. Boston: D. Lothrop 
Company, Franklin and Hawiey Streets. Svo. pp. 311. 

Tributes to Judge Manning and Chief Justice Waite, at the Annual Meeting of 
the Trustees of the Peabody Education Fund. New York, 3d October. 1888. 
Cambridge: John Wilson £ Son, University Press. 1883. 8vo. pp. 11. 

Proceedings on the presentation of three portraits to the Peabody Normal 
College University of Nashville, 3 October, 1S38. Cambridge: John Wilson 
& Son, University Press. LsSS. Svo. pp. 12. 

Alfred Kelley, His Life and Work. By the Hon James L. Bates, of the Ohio 
Bar. Privately Printed. Columbus, Ohio: Press of Robert Clark & Co.. Cin- 
cinnati. 1888. Svo. pp. 120. 

Peabody Education Fund. Proceedings of the Trustees at their Twenty- 
Seventh Meeting, New York, 3 October, 1SS8, with the Annual Report of the 
Acting General Agent, Dr. Samuel A. Green. Cambridge : University Press 
John Wilson & Son. 1883. Svo. pp. 95. 



1889.] 



Deaths. 



225 



The Sixty-Ninth Aunual Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Colby 
University for the Academic Year 1888-89. Waterville, Me. : Printed for the 
University. December, 1888. 8vo. pp. 47. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Societv at the semi-annual meeting 
held in Boston, April 25, 1888. Vol. V. New Series. Part 2. Worcester, 
Mass.. U. S. A. : Press of Charles Hamilton, 311 Main Street. 1888. 8vo. 
pp. 149-347. 

Horace Fairbanks. St. Johnsbtiry, Vt. Barnet, Vt., March 21, 1320. New 
York, March 17, 1888. Sq. 8vo. 

Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Vol. II. Sixth Series. 
Boston: Published by the Society. 1888. 8vo. pp.377. 

Catalogue of the Exhibit and Antiquities at the Virginia Exposition, Oct. 3 — 
Nov. 21, 1888. Richmond, Va. : William Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer. 
1888. 8vo. pp. 36. 

Proceedings of the New Hampshire Historical Society. Vol. I. 1872-1838. 
Concord ; Printed for the Society. 8vo. pp. 477. 

The Legislative History of the Ordinance of 1787. By John M. Merriam, 
A.M. Presented at the Semi-Animal Meeting of the American Antiquarian 
Society, April 25, 1838. Worcester, Mass., U. S. A. : Press of Charles Hamil- 
ton, 311 Main Street. 1888. 3vo. pp. 42. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society in the matter of the Wintbrop 
Sword, at the Semi-Annual Meeting in Boston, April 25, 188s. Worcester, Mass.. 
U. S. A. : Press of Charles Hamilton, 311 Main Street. 18S8. 8vo. pp. 13. 



DEATHS. 



Miss Abby Westox Deane died at Davos- 
Platz, Switzerland, December 14, 13S8. 
She was the only daughter of William 
Reed Deane, Esq., a biographical sketch 
of whose life appeared in the Register 
for October, 1S8S, and for which she 
furnished reminiscences. She was born 
at Roxbury, Mass., Sept. 28, IS 39, and 
became assistant teacher in the H'gh 
School of Brookline, Mass., which posi- 
tion she filled for about a quarter of a 
century. For the last few years her 
health had been failing, and in Septem- 
ber last, she left her native country for 
Switzerland in search of health, but 
died there, ancV i3 buried in a foreign 
land. Memorial services were held on 
Sunday afternoon, Jan. 6, 1889, at the 
First Parish Church in Brookline, which 
her parents and herself had attended. 
Addresses by Rev. Frederick H. Hedge, 
D.D., and Rev. Henry N. Brown were 
delivered. A report of the services, with 
both addresses, was printed in the 
Brookline Chronicle January 19th. Four 
weeks later, February 16th, the same 
newspaper contained a memorial tribute 
to her memory, prepared for and read at 
the teacher's meeting in Brookline, by 
Mr. J. Emory Hoar, who was priiv; : .pal of 
the High School nearly if not quite all the 
time that Miss Deane was an assistant 
there. We quote a few sentences : 



"• She was the embodiment of activity, 
and the amount of work she accom- 
plished was almost incredible. The 
time spent in the school-room measured 
but a small part of her work. The sub- 
jects she taught she resolved thoroughly 
to master ; the literature relating to 
those subjects, old and new, in books 
or in magazines, she searched carefully ; 
she availed herself of any accessible 
lectures on the subjects she taught, and 
sought instruction and assistance from 
professors and private teachers. TAvice 
to improve her knowledge of French 
she went to Paris. And in addition to 
all this, while engaged in the fuil per- 
formance of all her other duties, she 
was taking a course of study in the 
Harvard Annex for Women at Cam- 
bridge. ... To her work as a teacher 
she not only brought a thorough under- 
standing of her subjects, derived from 
her own careful thinking, supplemented 
by wide reading, but she also gave a 
freshness and an attraction of her own 
to the subject, which acemmted for the 
cheerfulness that lighted up the faces 
of the classes when sent to her room 
for recitation." 

Gen. Masses - a R. Patrick died at the 
National Military Home, Ohio, where 
he was in command, July 27, 1888. He 



226 



Deaths, 



[April. 



was born in or near the then village 
of Watertown, X. Y., March 15, 1811. 
He left home at the age of fifteen to make 
his way in the world. After engaging 
in other work he taught school in On- 
tario and other counties. In 1831 he 
was appointed a cadet at West Point, 
through the influence of Gen. Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, the Albany " Fatroon." 
whose sword Gen. Patrick wore to the 
day of his death, and which has since 
been presented by his children to the 
New York State Bureau of Military 
Statistics at Albany. 

He was graduated from the "United 
States Military Academy, July 1, IS 3-5, 
as brevet 2d Lieut, of Infantry. He was 
promoted 2d Lieut. Oct. 31, 1836 ; 1st 
Lieut. March 1, 1839; Copt. Aug. 22, 
1847. He was brevetted Major, May 
30, 1848, for meritorious conduct while 
serving in the enemy's country. He 
served in the Florida and Mexican wars. 
On the 30th of June, 1850, he resigned 
from the army, and settled as a farmer 
at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y. He was 
president of the Sackett's Harbor and 
Ellisburg Railroad, 18o3-i; general 
superintendent of the New York State 
Agricultural Society, 1856—6 1 ; and 
president of the New York Agricul- 
tural College at Ovid, 1839-61. 

In the war for the preservation of the 
Union, he served in organizing the New 
York Volunteers, April 2Gth to Nov. 
16th, 1861, and on the staff of Maj. 
Gen. McClellan as Inspector General of 
New York Volunteers, Nov. 16, 1861, 
to March 17, 1862, when he was made 
Brigadier General. He serv id with 
Gen. McDowell in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, and with the army of the Potomac 
at South Mountain and Antietam. He 
became Provost Marshal General of 
that army in 1862, and subsequently of 
the armies operating against Richmond 
and of the department of Virginia. He 
resigned June 12, 1865. He was presi- 
dent of the New York State Agricul- 
tural Society, 1867-8. In 1878 he was 
called upon by the Governor of New 
York to take charge of the work made 
necessary by the appearance of pleuro- 
pneumonia among the cattle of that and 
other States. In October, 18S0, he was 
appointed Governor of the Central 
Branch of the National Home for Disa- 
bled Volunteers, and continued in com- 
mand there till his death, " He was 
the highest type of a pure and upright 
man. Of Strong individuality and 
intellectual force, his influence was 
strongly felt in many of the important 
enterprises of his native State." 



Mrs. Louisa E. Watson-, wife of Winslow 
Matston Watson (II. U. 1833). and 
daughter of James Gibbons, of Albany, 
N. Y., a native of Oxfordshire. Enc:., 
died in Washington, D. C, Dec. 6, lJ>88. 

Mrs. Axgelink Flora Hainfs Wood- 
bury, wife of George Edwin Wood- 
bury, died at the Windsor Hotel, 
Oakland. CaL, Friday, eisrht and a half 
o'clock P.M., January 25th, 1889, of 
heart disease, aged 36 yrs. 5mo. 7ds. 
She was the eldest living daughter of 
Andrew M. and Angeline Elizabeth 
(Woodbury) Haines, of Galena. III., 
born at Lynn. Mass., 18 August 1352, 
(during a temporary residence of her 
parents in that city). She was mar- 
ried at Galena, 4 Nov. 1874, to her 
cousin George Edwin Woodbury of 
Cambridge. Mass. In March. 1878, 
they removed from Cambridge to 
San Francisco, CaL, and on the 25th 
October, 1880, she returned to her 
old home at Galena in delicate health, 
where she continued to reside until the 
5th Nov. 1883. when by the advice of 
her physician she returned with her 
husband to California. 

She leaves an only child, George 
Haines Woodbury, who was born at 
San Francisco, 2*July, 1879. 

She was a lineal descendant of the 
seventh generation from the emi- 
grants, Deacon Samuel Haines of 
Portsmouth, N. H., A.D. 163.5. and 
John Woodburv of Cape Ann and 
Salem, Mass., A*.D. 1624. 

[See Haines pedigree, Register, 
xxiii. p. 143.] 

The Galena Fress of Jan. 31, in an 
obituary speaks of the deceased as 
follows : — 

" She was well known to all Ga- 
lenians, and to all who knew her the 
news of her sudden death brings 
sadness. Her pleasant social rela- 
tions here will cause her long to be 
remembered. Few persons can boast 
natural advantages equal to hers; 
her attractive person, her pleasant 
manners and her kindly disposition 
brought her hosts of friends.— 
Reared in a Christian family she ever 
retained her interest in church and 
sabbath school, though not a mem- 
ber of the visible church. 

"Mrs. Woodbury has left many 
pleasant memories in Galena, which 
will long be cherished by those she 
called her friends. It is sad to think 
of the severing of all friendly and 
social ties so abruptly, but death is 
ever sad, regarded from the merely 
human point of view." 



NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL 
SOCIETY. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE REVISION OF 
THE CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

The Committee appointed at the March meeting of the Society 
to consider what changes are necessary or desirable in the Con- 
stitution and By-Laws, submit the following Report: — 

The By-Laws of the Society and the Rules for the Government 
of the Board of Directors, with the amendments which at .different 
times have been made thereto, never have been put into an available 
form, but are scattered through the records of the Society and of 
the Board of Directors, and the pages of the New England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register. Your Committee have been 
saved the labor of searching for them, however, by the kindness of 
the President, who tendered for their use a document, partly in print 
and partly in manuscript, prepared at his request by the Secretary 
of the Board of Directors. This document embodies the Constitution, 
By-Laws, and Rules for the Government of the Board of Directors, 
together with all amendments to the present time. It has been 
accepted as practically complete, and has proved sufficient for the 
purposes of the Committee. 

Your Committee have given earnest and thoughtful consideration 
to the subject referred to them by the Society, and have embodied 
their conclusions in a new code of By-Laws submitted with this 
Report. The various provisions of the code have been condensed, 
and arranged in chapters; and everything relating to their subject- 
matter is indicated by the titles of the chapters, or by the references 
at the end of each, thus avoiding repetition. 

The distinction between the Constitution and the By-Laws, — 
which properly existed while we were a voluntary association with- 
out a Charter, — your Committee regard as without validity, since 
the Act of Incorporation is the only legal basis of our organization. 
Any declaration of the objects of the Society, or any definition of 
its Constitution, if inconsistent with this Charter, would be void, 
and, if in harmony with it, superfluous. This change, though appa- 
rently radical, is in fact only nominal, since substantially all the 
provisions of the Constitution, except those covered by the Charter, 
have been incorporated in the code of By-Laws now reported by 
your Committee. 



228 Report on By-Laws. [April, 

Another change proposed in the Code now offered is more impor- 
tant, and, as your Committee believe, is a great improvement on 
the old system. This is the substitution of a Council for the pres- 
ent Board of Directors, — a body fitted to administer the affairs of a 
business corporation rather than those of a literary society. By 
the plan now proposed the functions of the Board are not essentially 
changed, but its organization is different. Your Committee believe 
that the purpose which the annual election of Directors was intended 
to accomplish will be more effectually reached by a Council formed 
under the new system than by the Board of Directors under the old 
system, according to which the five Directors annually chosen con- 
stitute less than one-fifth of the whole Board. Your Committee can- 
not conscientiously recommend the continuance of a system which 
thus defeats the purpose of the annual election by virtually prevent- 
ing the Society from instituting any change of management not 
approved of by the permanent members of the Board, who are in a 
constantly increasing majority. Your Committee believe that our 
Society is the only one of the leading organizations of the country 
for the promotion of historical, scientific, or literary knowledge, 
that is not governed by a Council ; aud in framing the By-Laws now 
reported, your Committee have endeavored to adhere as closely a3 
circumstances would permit to the arrangement of rules and distri- 
bution of official duties adopted by similar bodies that have found 
the management by a Council best adapted to the purposes of their 
organization. 

To render the Councirs proceedings stable your Committee pro- 
pose that the term of office of one-third of the nine elected members 
of the Council shall expire each year; so that the three members 
elected to succeed them, together with the six officers annually 
elected who are members of the Council ex offieiis, will constitute a 
majority of the whole Board of fifteen, which your Committee believe 
to be as convenient a number as can be suggested. Thus the Society 
will be able to express its will effectually every year through its 
Councillors chosen at the annual meeting; while at the same time, 
two-thirds of the Councillors elected at the annual meeting will hold 
over, threc'of them for one year, and. three for two years, after the 
election of their new associates. 

Your Committee are also unanimously of opinion that the appoint- 
ment of committees should rest with the Council rather than with 
the Society at its annual meeting. Greater deliberation in choice is 
thus secured ; and the work will be more satisfactorily done by the 
fifteen Councillors, who can be held to a rigid accountability for their 
acts, than by the five members of the Committee on Nominations, 
whose responsibility ceases when their report has been made. This 
will relieve the Society from the labor of passing upon a long list of 
nominations at the annual meeting,— a list so long that it never could 
be fairly canvassed, if opposition should be made to the nominees 
in detail. 



1889.] Report on By-Laios. 229 

Your Committee have provided also for the appointment of an 
Editor to take charge of all the publications of the Society, in order 
to secure uniformity of style and method in editorship. They have 
made this office distinct from that of the Librarian, in order that the 
duties of the two may be performed by separate persons, in case at 
any future time it should appear that these combined duties are too 
onerous for one person. Under the new Code, however, it is com- 
petent for one person to hold both offices, although the accountability 
for the two will be distinct and separate, as it should be, when the 
difference in their functions is considered. 

These constitute all the principal changes, except that by the new 
Code the Recording Secretary is made the Secretary of the Council 
as well as of the Society, and is provided with an assistant to do 
certain routine work newly assigned to him ; and that a more strin- 
gent system is proposed in respect to the incurring of debts and to 
the payment of money from the treasury. 

The Act of Incorporation passed in 1845, and the subsequent 
Acts of 18G8 and 1888 are presented, for convenience of reference, 
with the new Code of By-Laws which accompanies this Report. 

In conclusion, your Committee unanimously recommend the adop- 
tion of the Code of By-Laws herewith reported, and for that purpose 
submit the Vote hereto annexed. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Charles L. Flint, Andrew P. Peabody, Increase N. Tarbox, 
Thomas C. Amory, William Endicott, Jr., Augustus T. Perkins, 
Albert H. Hoyt, John T. Hassam, Henry H. Edes. 
Boston, May 2, 1888. 



Vote Submitted by the Committee. 

Voted, That the following be adopted as the By-Laws of the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society, and that the Constitution, 
By-Laws, and Rules for the Government of the Board of Directors 
now in force, and all other votes and rules inconsistent with these 
By-Laws, be, and the same are hereby, fully and absolutely repealed : 
provided, however, that nothing in this Vote, or in the By-Laws hereby 
adopted, shall operate to discontinue the functions of any officer, 
committee, or subordinate agent of the Society heretofore appointed 
or chosen; but all such persons shall remain in office according to 
the provisions of the Constitution and By-Law3 hereby repealed 
until the Annual Meeting of the Society in 1889, as if this repeal 
had not been made. 

The foregoing Report was unanimously accepted; and the Yote which 
accompanied it, together with the following By-Laws, was unanimously 
adopted by the .Society, at the Stated Meeting in May, 188S. 

VOL. XLIII. 20 



230 



Report on By-Lews. 



[April, 



BY-LAWS. 
Chapter I. 

THE CORPORATE SEAL. 

Art. 1. — The device hitherto used by the Society, and herewith 
printed, shall continue to be the seal of the Corporation, and may 
be affixed to any instrument by an impression in ink or by a stamp ; 
namely : — 




Art. 2. — The Recording Secretary shall have the custody of the 
seal, which shall be kept in the Society's House. 

Chapter II. 

MEMBERS AND DUES. 

Art. 1. — The Resident Members of the Society shall be elected 
from among the residents of New England, and shall cease to be 
members whenever they cease to be residents thereof. Honorary 
and Corresponding Members shall be elected from among non-resi- 
dents of New England, and Corresponding Members shall cease to 
be members if at any time they become residents thereof. Resident 
Members only shall be eligible to office or be entitled to vote or to 
take part in the business of the Society. 

Art. 2. — A book shall be kept by the Recording Secretary, in the 
Society's House, in which any member may enter the name of any 
person whom he may regard as suitable to be nominated as a Resi- 
dent, Corresponding, or Honorary Member. But no nomination 
shall be made except by a report of the Council at a Stated Meeting 
of the Society, nor be acted upon at the same meeting at which it is 
reported; nor shall more than one candidate for either Honorary 
or Corresponding Membership be reported at any one meeting. 
Transfers from one class of members to another class, however, 
may be made at any Stated Meeting upon the recommendation of 
the Council. 



1889.] Report on By-Laws. 231 

Art. 3. — Proposals of candidates shall be accompanied by a brief 
statement of the place of residence and qualifications of the person 
proposed, and, if for Resident Membership, of the fact that the can- 
didate has been informed of the pecuniary obligation attaching 
thereto. 

Art. 4. — All members shall be elected by ballot, at a Stated 
Meeting, by a majority of the votes cast. A separate ballot on any 
name shall be taken upon the request of three or more members. 

Art. 5. — Each Resident Member shall pay five dollars at the time 
of his admission; and three dollars each first of January afterward, 
into the treasury, for the general purposes of the Society ; but any 
member shall be exempted from the annual payment if, at any time 
after his admission, he shall pay into the treasury thirty dollars in 
addition to his previous payments ; and all commutations shall be 
and remain permanently funded, the interest only to be used for 
current expenses. 

Art. 6. — If any person elected a Resident Member shall neglect, 
for three months after being notified of his election, to accept his 
membership in writing and to pay his admission fee, his election 
shall be void; and if any Resident Member shall neglect to pay his 
annual assessment for six months after it shall have become due and 
his attention shall have been called to this article of the By-Laws, 
he shall cease to be a member; but it shall be competent for the 
Council to suspend the provisions of this Article for a reasonable time. 

Art. 7.- — Diplomas signed by the President, and countersigned 
by the two Secretaries, shall be issued to all the members. 

Art. 8. — Any member may be expelled for cause, at any Stated 
Meeting of the Society, upon the unanimous recommendation of the 
members of the Council present at any meeting thereof. 

See Chap. vi. Art. 3 ; vii. I ; xiii. 1, 4. 

Chapter III. 

MEETINGS, QUORUM, AND AMENDMENTS. 

Art. 1. — There shall be a Stated Meeting of the Society on the 
first Wednesday of every month except July, August, and September, 
at half-past three o clock in the afternoon, in their House in Boston : 
•provided, however, that the Council shall have authority to postpone 
any Stated Meeting, or to dispense with it altogether, or to direct 
it to be held at another place, or at another hour, whenever, for any 
cause, they may deem it desirable or expedient. Special Meetings 
shall be called by either of the Secretaries, at the request of the 
President, or, in case of his death, absence, or inability, of one of 
the Vice-Presidents or of the Council. 

The Stated Meeting in January shall be the Annual Meeting of 
the Corporation. 

Art. 2. — At all meetings the record of the preceding meeting 
shall be read by the Recording Secretary immediately after the 



232 Report on By-Laws. [April, 

presiding officer has called the meeting to order; after which, at all 
Special Meetings, the business for which the meeting was called 
shall be transacted ; and at all Stated Meetings the order of business 
shall be as follows : — 

First, The reading of Papers and Essays. 

Second, The Report of the Corresponding Secretary. 

Third, The Librarian's Report. 

Fourth, The Report of the Council. 

Fifth, The Election of Members, and action on the recommenda- 
tions of the Council. 

Sixth, The Historiographer's Report. 

Seventh, The unfinished business and the assignments of the last 
meeting, taken up in their order. 

Eighth, The transaction of other business. 

Art. 3. — Upon the request of the presiding officer, any motion 
or resolution, offered at any meeting, shall be submitted in writing. 
§ Art. 4. — Ten members shall be a quorum for all purposes except 
for amendment of the By-Laws, which shall be made only at a Stated 
Meeting (in the notification of which mention has been made of a 
purpose to amend the By-Laws) at which not less than twenty mem- 
bers are present, and after the subject has been reported on by a 
Committee appointed for the purpose at a previous meeting of the 
Society. 

See Chap. iv. Art. 1, 3 ; v. 2 ; vi 1, 2, 5 ; tii. 3 ; viii. 1 ; ix. 2 ; x. 3, 6 ; xi. 1 ; 
xiii. 6, 9. 

Chapter IV. 

OFFICERS. 

Art. 1. — The officers of the Society shall be a President, who 
shall be Chairman of the Council j a Vice-President for each of the 
New England States ; a Recording Secretary, who shall be Secretary 
of the Council; a Corresponding Secretary; a Treasurer; and a 
Librarian; — all of whom shall be chosen by ballot at the Annual 
Meeting, and shall hold their respective offices for one year, or until 
others are duly chosen and installed. At the Annual Meeting in 
1889, nine members shall be elected, who, with the President, the 
Vice-President for Massachusetts, the Recording Secretary, the 
Corresponding Secretary, the Treasurer, and the Librarian, shall 
constitute the Council of the Society. 

Three of the nine members first elected to the Council shall be 
elected to serve for one year, three for two years, and three for three 
years ; and thereafter three members shall be elected annually for 
terms of three years. Elections to fill vacancies which may occur 
in the Council shall be for the unexpired term or terms ; and such 
vacancies may be filled at any subsequent Stated Meeting, or nomi- 
nation by the Council. 

Each member of the Council shall have a vote. 



1889.] Report on By-Laws. 233 

Art. 2. — There, shall be a Historiographer and an Editor of 
Publications appointed annually by the Council, to whom they shall 
be responsible for the proper discharge of their respective duties. 

Art. 3. — At the Stated Meeting in December, a Nominating Com- 
mittee, consisting of five persons, shall be appointed, who shall report 
at the Annual Meeting a list of members for the places to be filled. 

See Chap. ii. Art. 1 ; ix. 2. 

Chapter V. 

TEE PRESIDENT. 

Art. 1. — The President shall be the Chief Executive Officer of 
the Society; and, with the advice of the Council, shall superintend 
and conduct its prudential affairs. 

Art. 2. — The President, and in his absence one of the Vice- 
Presidents (the Vice-President for Massachusetts having prece- 
dence), shall preside in all meetings of the Society. In the absence 
of all these officers, a President pro tempore shall be chosen. 

Art. 3. — Unless otherwise ordered, all Committees shall be nomi- 
nated by the presiding officer. 

See Chap. ii. Art. 7 ; iii. 1, 3 ; iv. 1 ; vi. 5. 

Chapter VI. 

THE RECORDING SECRETARY. 

Art. 1. — The Recording Secretary, or, in case of his death, ab- 
sence, or inability, the Corresponding Secretary, shall warn all 
meetings of the Society, and of the Council, in such manner as the 
Council shall direct. 

Art. 2. — He shall attend all meetings of the Society and of the 
Council, and shall keep an exact record of the same ; entering in 
full all accepted reports of committees, unless otherwise specially 
directed, or unless the same are to be included in the printed 
Proceedings. 

Art. 3. — He shall enter the names of all members systematically 
in books kept for the purpose. 

Art. 4. — All books and papers in his official custody shall be the 
property of the Society, and shall be kept in the Library. 

Art. 5. — In the absence of the President and of ail the Vice- 
Presidents, he shall, if present, call the meeting to order, and preside 
until a President pro tempore is chosen. 

See Chap. i. Art. 2 ; ii. 2, 7 ; iii. 1, 2 ; iv. 1 ; x. 4. 

Chapter VII. 

THE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY. 

Art. 1. — The Corresponding Secretary shall inform all persons 
of their election as members; send to each a copy of the By-Laws, 
calling attention to Articles o and 6 of Chapter II. j and on their 
acceptance issue the proper diplomas. 






JB 






234 Report on By-Laws. [April, 

Art. 2. — He shall conduct the correspondence of the Society not 
otherwise provided for, and deposit all original letters received and 
copies of all letters sent, in regular tiles, in the Library. 

Art. 3. — At every Stated Meeting lie shall read such communica- 
tions as he may have received since the last Stated Meeting. 

See Chap, ii. Art. 7 ; iii. 1, 2 ; iv. 1 ; vi. 1. 

Chapter YIII. 

THE TREASURER. 

Art. 1. — The Treasurer shall collect all moneys due to the 
Society, and shall keep, in books belonging to it, regular and faith- 
ful accounts of all the moneys and funds of the Society that may 
come into his hands, and of all receipts and expenditures connected 
with the same, — which accounts shall be open always to the inspec- 
tion of the Council; and at the Annual Meeting he shall make a 
written or printed report of all his doings for the year preceding, of 
the amount and condition of all the property of the Society intrusted 
to him, and the character of the investments. 

Art. 2. — He shall invest and manage the funds of the Society, 
with the consent and approval of the Council. 

Art. 3. — When required to do so, he shall give bonds to the 
satisfaction of the Council for the faithful performance of the duties 
of his office. 

Art. 4. — He shall pay no moneys, except on draft of the Council, 
or of its duly authorized committee. 

See Chap. ii. Art. 5 ; iv. 1 ; ix. ; xiii. 1. 

Chapter IX. 

APPROPRIATIONS AND TREASURER'S ACCOUNTS. 

Art. 1.— No person or committee shall incur any debt or liability 
in the name of the Society, unless in accordance with a previous 
vote and appropriation therefor by the Society or the Council. 

Art. 2. — At the Stated Meeting in December an Auditing Com- 
mittee, consisting of not less than two persons not members of the 
Council, shall be appointed to examine the accounts of the Treasurer 
for the year preceding, and at the Annual Meeting to report thereon, 
and on the state of any property of the Society in his hands. 

Chapter X. 

THE LIBRARIAN. 

Art. 1. — The Librarian shall have charge of all the books, tracts, 
maps, manuscripts, and other property appropriate to the Library, 
and of all coins, works of art, remains of antiquity, and other articles 
appropriate to the Cabinet ; and shall cause to be made, and kept 
exact and perfect, catalogues of each and all of them, doing whatever 
may be in his power, at all times, to preserve and increase the col- 
lections under his care. 



1889.] Report on By-Laws. 235 

He shall properly assort, store, and safely keep, iu such place or 
places as may be prescribed by the Council, all books, papers, and 
other articles not appropriate to the Library or the Cabinet. 

He also shall be the custodian of the Society's House. 

Art. 2. — He shall acknowledge every gift that may be made to 
the Library or the Cabinet, by a certificate addressed to the per- 
son making it. 

Art. 3. — At every Stated Meeting he shall report in detail all 
gifts made to the Library and the Cabinet since the last Stated 
Meeting, with the names or the donors ; and, at the Annual Meeting, 
he shall present a statement of the condition and wants of the Libra- 
ry and of the condition of the Cabinet, with notice of the important 
accessions to each during the year. 

Art. 4. — He may have one or more assistants, appointed by the 
Council, who shall aid him in all or any of his duties ; who also shall 
aid the Recording Secretary in warning meetings, copying reports, 
or in such other ways as may be required, and who shall render 
such other services to the Society connected with its Library, its 
proceedings, and its publications as the Council may direct. 

Art. 5. — He shall be present in the Library, in person or by an 
assistant, at such hours and times as may be appointed by the 
Council for keeping it open, and shall endeavor to render it useful 
to all who may resort to it. 

Art. 6. — He shall make all necessary preparations for the meet- 
ings of the Society, and of the Council to whom he shall be respon- 
sible for the proper discharge of his duties. 

Art. 7. — He shall receive such compensation for his services as 
the Council shall determine. 

See Chap. iii. Art. 2 ; iv. 1. 

Chapter XI. 

THE HISTORIOGRAPHER. 

Art. 1. — The Historiographer shall collect materials for a history 
of the Society, prepare biographies of its deceased members for pub- 
lication, and deposit the same in the Library. He may read at the 
Stated Meetings such of the biographies, or such parts of them, as 
he may deem advisable. 

Art. 2. — He may have such assistants as the Council shall de- 
termine. 

See Chap. iii. Art. 2 ; iv. 2 ; xiii. 2. 

Chapter XII. 

THE EDITOR OF PUBLICATIONS. 

Art. 1. — The Editor of Publications shall edit, under the direc- 
tion of the Council, the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register, the Memorial Biographies of deceased members, the Pro- 



236 Report on By-Laws. [April. 

ceedings of the Annual Meeting, and all other publications of the 
Society not specially committed to other editorial supervision. 

Art. 2. — He shall receive such compensation for his services, 
and may have such assistants, as the Council shall determine. 

See Chap. iv. Art. 2 ; xiii. 2. 

Chapter XIII. 

THE COUNCIL. 

Art. 1. — The Council shall determine their own quorum; estab- 
lish rules for the transaction of their business; fix all salaries; 
authorize all expenditures of money, drawing upon the Treasurer, 
from time to time, for such sums as may be required ; provide all 
engraved or printed blanks, and books of record ; act upon all resig- 
nations and forfeitures of membership; and see that the By-Laws 
are complied with. 

They also may dispose, by sale or exchange, of any personal pro- 
perty not appropriate to the Library or the Cabinet. 

Art. 2. — They shall appoint, annually, the Historiographer and 
the Editor of Publications. 

Art. 3. — They shall appoint such subordinate officers and agents 
as they may deem necessary (who shall hold their respective offices 
during the pleasure of the Council), prescribe their duties, and allow 
them reasonable compensation. 

Art. 4. — They shall report, at their discretion, nominations for 
Resident, Corresponding, and Honorary Members, to which not les3 
than eight of their number shall have assented at a meeting of the 
Council. 

Art. 5. — They shall meet in the Society's House within one 
week previous to every Stated Meeting, on such day and at such 
hour as they may fix by standing rule, and, upon notice, at such 
other times as the Chairman shall appoint, for the discharge of their 
appropriate duties, and for furthering the transaction of such busi- 
ness as may be brought before the Society. 

Art. 6. — They shall report, at every meeting of the Society, such 
business as .they may deem it advisable to present. 

Art. 7. — They may appoint, for terms not exceeding one year, 
and prescribe the functions of, 3uch committees of their number, or 
of the members of the Society, as they may deem expedient, to facili- 
tate the administration of the Society's affairs. 

Art. 8. — They shall make all proper rules and regulations for 
the use of the Library and the Cabinet. 

Art. 9. — At the Annual Meeting they shall make an Annual 
Report. It shall include a detailed statement of the condition of 
the Library and the Cabinet, both of which they shall carefully ex- 
amine annually in the month of December. 

See Chap. ii. Art. 2, 6, 8 ; iii. 1, 2 ; iv. 1, 2 ; v. 1 ; vi. I, 2 ; viii. ; ix. ; x. 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 ; 
xi. 2 ; xii. 






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THE 

HISTORICAL A2sD GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1889. 



IKA BALLOU PECK. 

By John Ward De.\n, A.M. 

IKA BALLOU PECK, Esq., was born at Yfrentham, Mass., 
February 12, 1805, and died at Woonsocket, R I., June 27, 
1888, in his eighty-fourth year. His father Royal Peck, a. native 
of Wrentham, where he was born June 13, 1759, settled first at 
Cumberland, R. I., and thence removed to Westminster, Vt., where 
he became one of the leading men of the town. In 1802 he 
returned to TY r rentham, settled on the paternal homestead and lived 
there honored and respected till his death, Sept. 20, 1849. "Al- 
though posssessed of more than usual energy and decision of character, 
he was always kind and courteous in all his relations in life."* Plis 
mother Abigail, daughter of Noah and Abigail (Royce) Ballou, of 
Cumberland, R. I., was, to use the words of her son, "one of the 
best of women, the most affectionate of wives, and the kindest of 
mothers."| 

Mr. Peck's immigrant ancestor was Joseph 2 Peck, who w r ith his 
brother, the Rev. Robert 2 Peck, a graduate of Cambridge University, 
and a talented Puritan minister, sons of Robert 1 Peck of Beccles in 
Suffolk, England, came wi:h their families to New England in 1638, 
in the Diligent of Ipswich, of which John Martin was master, J and 
settled at Hingham, Mass. Rev. Robert 2 Peck returned in a 
few years to England. § Their ancestry has been traced back twenty 
generations, to John Peck of Belton, in Yorkshire. || 

Joseph 2 Peck resided at Hingham about seven years, during which 
he was a deputy to the Massachusetts General Court from 1639 to 
1642. From Hingham he removed to Reboboth in Plymouth colony, 
and became one of the wealthiest and most influential men in the 
town. Here he died Dec. 23, 1663. His son Joseph 3 Peck, of 
Rehoboth, who was born in England in 1623, came with his parents 
in 1638, and died near the close of the seventeenth century, was 

* Peck Genealogy, by I. B. Peck, p. 57. f Ibid. p. 57. 

t For a list of the passengers in the Diligent, see Register, vol. xv. pp. 25-27. 
§ For sketches of the lives of Robert 1 Peck, and his sons Joseph 2 and Rev. Robert, 2 see 
Peck Genealogy, pp. 1&-28. 

(I See tabular pedigree in the Peck Genealogy. 
VOL. XLIU. 21 



HI 



T 









238 Ira Ballou Peck. [July, 

father of Jathniel, 4 also of Rehoboth, and grandfather of Ichabod 3 of 
Attleborougli, whose son Solomon 6 was the father of Royal 7 and 
grandfather of Ira Ballon 8 Peck.* 

The subject of this memoir was the youngest child of his parents. 
He remained at home, assisting his father on the farm and attending 
the town school till advanced youth. Then having a desire for a 
better education than the common schools afforded, he resolved to 
obtain a college education at his own expense. The plan he pro- 
posed to himself was to pay his college expenses by school teaching. 
He entered Day's Academy at Wrentham, an institution that had 
been incorporated the year after he was born, and diligently applied 
himself to his studies. "He continued studying till 1825, the sum- 
mer of which he spent in the counting room of his cousin, Dexter 
Ballou, of TVoonsoeket. In the autumn he resumed his studies and 
for some time afterwards prosecuted his plan, by teaching schools 
and seminaries of various grades — some of them high and select for 
advanced pupils — in Attleborough, Medway, Canton and Dedham, 
Mass. He taught successfully all the upper English branches. He 
delighted in his vocation." But his labors as a teacher, "with the 
constant pressure of study, proved too arduous for him. The result 
was such impaired health as to oblige him to suspend both teaching 
and study, and even finally his cherished hope of a full, liberal edu- 
cation."! 

He recovered partially his health, and in 1831 removed to Woon- 
socket, where he engaged in the cotton manufacture. At first he 
operated a mill on his own account. Afterwards he had the charge 
of one owned by Mr. George C. Ballou, and later of the establish- 
ment in part at TTaterford, Mass., owned by Messrs. Farnum 
Brothers. In 1839, he leased a mill in Woonsocket of Mr. Edward 
Harris, and manufactured Sea Island warps for supplying the Messrs. 
Farnum, Mr. Harris and other firms. He carried on this business 
several years, and then sold his machinery. He spent the winter of 
1844 in Ashburnham, Mass., where he superintended the mill of 
Mr. George Blackburn, of Boston. He showed much skill in the 
management of the business and made important improvements in it. 
About the year 1860, having acquired a competency, he retired from 
active connection with the manufacturing business. From 1845 till 
his death he was much employed, "first under Samuel B. Cushing, 
master in chancery, and after his death, under his son of the same 
name, holding the same office, as their deputy in the critical and 
delicate business of measuring, apportioning, adjusting and superin- 
tending all the water power of Blackstone river, at Woonsocket, 
amon.o" the mill owners. This has been a responsible trust, requiring 
much scientific skill. "{ 

• See Peck Genealogy for further details relative to these persons. 
t History and Genealogy of the Ballons, by Rev. Adin Ballou, p. 495. 
+ Ibid.p.49o. 



1889.] . Ira Ballou Peck. 230 

In 1846, Mr. Peck began to collect materials for a genealogy of 
his mother's family — the Ballous. For four years he pursued 
diligently his researches into the history of this family, but suspended 
work on it in 1850, in order to take up the history of his paternal 
family, the Pecks. After devoting his leisure for over eighteen years 
to the work, he had the satisfaction of bringing out his Peck 
Genealogy, in a handsome illustrated volume of over 450 octavo 
pages. The book was well received by his kindred ; and competent 
critics bestowed upon it marked commendation. The Congrega- 
tional Quarterly, speaking of this volume in its number for July, 
1870, says: "We scarcely know which most to admire, the genius 
to search out, arrange and correctly set forth the lineage of a great 
family, in all its wide-spreading branches, or the patience and hard 
work requisite to such a herculean labor." AYhat this labor was and 
what motives actuated Mr. Peck, will be seen in the following 
extracts from his Introduction : 

To such of my readers as car. appreciate the motives and feelings which 
led me to attempt the task, and such of my friends as have urged me to 
pursue the subject to the extent I have, there is no necessity for apology. 
To these, I hope the work may prove acceptable and pleasing. No one of 
them will ever know the amount of labor and toil and money it has cost 
me, or the difficulties, perplexities and discouragements with which I have 
had to contend. The collection of the material, and the arrangement of it. 
has occupied much of my time for more than ten years. During the time, 
I have not only travelled much, but my correspondence has extended into 
nearly all the United States and Territories, the British Provinces, Hew 
Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Canadas and England. I have written and 
sent out about 3,000 letters, and 1,000 printed circulars. Of these letters, I 
have preserved copies of over 2,700. In answer to them, I have on file 
received from my correspondents over 2,000, many of them of much interest, 
all of which, if published, would make a volume many times larger than 
this. The manuscript has all of it been written over twice, much of it 
three, and some of the appendix four times, to admit of additional families 
and different arrangements of its several branches. 

I hope to have been the means of bringing to light and preserving much 
that would otherwise have been lost. I feel that the work contains, not 
only much that is valuable now, but that will be more so as time passes 
away, and the names and histories of those now living, as well as those now 
gone, shall have been forgotten. I have endeavored to make the records 
it contains as full and correct as possible; but. where information and records 
are collected from so many different individuals, and such a variety of 
sources, the information from one often conflicting with that from another, 
without the means of determining which is correct, it is very difficult to 
avoid errors. Those who have never attempted to collect genealogical 
information know little of the difficulties attendant upon such labors. I have 
found many obstacles to contend with, which, could I have foreseen, I never 
should have attempted the task I have endeavored to accomplish. 

The work was not commenced as an enterprise by which to make money. 
The collection of the material was at first commenced from a love of the 
subject, and a desire to learn who my ancestors were, and where they came 






240 Ira Ballon Peek. [July, 

from. After having traced back my own branch of the name to Joseph 
Peck, the immigrant ancestor to this country, and learned that he was of 
English descent, I desired to connect him with the name there. This, 
after a long time, was accomplished, but with much expense. When my 
friends learned what I had done, they urged me to trace out their branches 
of the name, and arrange them into families and generations with their 
proper connections. This I should have never attempted, had I anticipated 
the great amount of labor and time it required, and the expense attendant 
upon it. Afler this was accomplished, and my friends learned the amount 
and character of the information and material collected, they desired it3 
publication, and offered me their assistance by subscribing for the work, 
and otherwise, some generously offering to contribute their likenesses for 
it; and I consented to prepare it for the press. 

After the publication of this volume, Mr. Peck had much material 
relating to his English ancestry which he had been obliged to leave 
out of his book. He announced in the Register for July, 1870, his 
intention of preparing this for publication with an account of the ances- 
tors of the Connecticut Pecks, whose descendants he had given in his 
book. At the same time he announced his genealogical history of the 
Ballou family, which he had agftiti taken up, as then in preparation.* 
After expending much time, labor and money upon the latter work, 
he hesitated about preparing it for and carrying it through the press, 
and accepted an offer from Ariel Ballou, M.D., and the Hon. 
Latimer TV r . Ballou, LL.D., to .have the work completed and pub- 
lished at their expense. His materials were placed in the hands of 
the Rev. Adin Ballou, of Hopedale, Mass., in 1882, who after six 
vears labor gave to the public " An Elaborate Historv and Gene- 
alogy of the Ballous in America," which was noticed by us with 
high praise in January last.f It must have been highly gratifying 
to Mr. Peck to see the work progressing in so satisfactory a manner, 
but he did not live to see the completed work. The Rev. Mr. 
Ballou thus speaks of Mr. Peck's labors on the genealogy : 

What he did in behalf of the Ballou Genealogy, before, during and after 
his elaboration of the Peck volume, can hardly be estimated. For though 
it was chiefly preliminary and preparatory, his successor deems it invaluable. 
It brought to light from obscure depositions and traditionary recesses, so 
many ancient documents, mortuary memorials and family reminiscences, 
and through hundreds of answered letters, so much needed data which 
might otherwise not have been obtained, that all the Ballous ought, with 
deferential gratitude, to confess their obligations to the pioneer genealogist. 

In 1853, Mr. Peck was elected a resident member of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, and in 1873 became a life 
member. He was much interested in the objects of the Society, and 
aided in advancing its work in various ways. In his will he be- 
queathed to the Society a legacy of one thousand dollars, and a like 
sum to the Rhode Island Historical Society, to which he had been 

* Register, vol. xxiv. p. 183. 
f Ibid. vol. xliii. pp. 115-16. 



1889.] Ira Ballou Peck. 241 

elected in 1884. He also left the income of four thousand dollars 
to the Cumberland Cemetery. 

Mr. Peck was a corresponding member of the New York Genea- 
logical and Biographical Society. He was also a member of the 
Masonic Fraternity. 

From 1862 to 18G4, Mr. Peck was Deputy Collector of the 
United States Internal Revenue. He was a director in the Woon- 
socket National Bank for many years, and at his death held the office 
of president. He was prominent as a trustee or member of the 
Institution for Savings, the Woonsocket Hospital, the Fire Corpora- 
tion and the Gas Works. He aided in forwarding the many im- 
provements which do honor to Woonsocket. 

At the annual meeting of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society held at Boston, Mass., Wednesday, January 2, 1889, Mr. 
Benjamin Barstow Torrey, chairman of a committee appointed by 
the board of directors, reported the following resolutions on Mr. 
Peck's death, which were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, Death has deprived the Society of an honored life member. Ira 
Ballou Peck, who has manifested his regard for the Society by a bequest 
of one thousand dollars, 

Resolved, That this Society mourns the loss of a liberal benefactor who 
has in many ways shown his interest in our objects and work. 

Resolved, That we honor the zeal which he has shown in collecting the 
records of his paternal and maternal ancestors, spending his leisure for many 
years in gathering, preparing and publishing the history of the Peck family 
by an expenditure of much time and money, and also in collecting the 
genealogy of the Ballous. 

Resolved, That as a citizen and business man he is entitled to our respect 
as one who has been honored by his associates and townsmen with numerous 
marks of their confidence and esteem. 

Resolved, That we accept his bequest with gratitude, and will apply it to 
the use designated by him. 

Resolved, That we sympathize with his family in their affliction, and that 
a copy of these resolutions be sent to them. 

Mr. Peck was married by the Bev. Nathaniel Wright, June 19, 
1834, to Miss Mary Blackinton, daughter of Mr. Ellis Blackinton, 
of Attleborough, Mass. She was born at Attleborough March 24, 
1809. They lived together happily for forty-two years. On the 
30th of September, 1876, Mrs. Peck died at Woonsocket, aged 67 
years. She is represented as an exemplary woman and a devoted 
wife and mother. They had only one child, a son, Ira Ellis Peck, 
born August 24, 1846. Mr. Peck's death was sudden. He went 
alone to the cemetery at Arnold's Mills, Cumberland, in the after- 
noon of July 27, 1888, to plant mvrtle on the graves of his loved 
ones, and was found there dead. His son Ira survives. 

Mr. Erastus Pichardson, his intimate friend and neighbor, in a 
sketch of Mr. Peck's life written for the Proceedings of the Ehode 
Island Historical Society, thus speaks of him : 
VOL. xliil 21*" 



242 Nbrthrup Genealogy. [July, 

No citizen of Woonsocket for a period of fifty years was so little and so 
well known as Ira B. Peck. His form was daily -eon upon its streets; his 
deliberate movements, his thoughtful demeanor, his slow, measured, quaint 
but earnest speech made him a marked individuality in the community. 
And yet, had he lived a life of utter seclusion and solitude, his real <(:lf 
could hardly have been less seen and heard and felt by even those who 
fancied from their daily and almost hourly intercourse with him that they 
knew him well. Tsor was that cloak by which he was so completely hid- 
den from his fellows a garment that he himself had fashioned. Nay, had it 
been, our friend would have been known to all, for all the cloaks that men 
sometimes assume whereby to mark their inner selves, have holes or 
patches or transparency sufficient even to magnify that which they strive 
the most to hide. But 3Ir. Feck had nothing to conceal. And to the few, 
the very few who were permitted to see and to hear him as he was, was 
revealed a character of the sweetest and noblest mould, a heart as pure, as 
gentle, and as sensitive as a child, and a mind as clear, as well disciplined 
by wisdom and stored with learning as that of many a philosopher whose 
name is now a household word. 

The writer of this memoir became acquainted with Mr. Peck more 
than thirty years ago, and has since esteemed him for his many 
excellent qualities. Though we did not meet very often and our 
correspondence was more or less desultory, I saw enough of him to 
convince me that he was a man of sterling worth, and a warm and 
kind-hearted friend. My intercourse with him was chiefly at the 
rooms of the Historic Genealogical Society, which he visited to 
attend the society meetings or to use the books in its library. In 
1868, while his Peck Genealogy, which was printed in Boston, was 
passing through the press, his visits were much more frequent. I 
found him remarkably well informed in literary as well as general 
subjects. He possessed many of the best traits of a student of his- 
tory and genealogy. He was an earnest but cautious investigator, 
of sound judgment, cool and collected and not disposed to adopt 
hasty conclusions. He was frank and open in his intercourse with 
others, and conscientious in his dealings. I esteem it a privilege 
to have enjoyed his friendship. 



NORTHRUP GENEALOGY. 

By Hon. A. Judd Nokthrup, of Svracase, N. Y. 

Joseph 1 Northrup, probably from Yorkshire, England, was one of 
the first settlers of Milford, Conn. The first planters of the town 
were enrolled .Nov. 20, ICo'J; but, Joseph not then being in church 
fellowship, his name (with others) appears in the list immediately 
after the " free planters." A part of the settlers were from 
Wethersfield. Conn., whither they had come from Watertown, Mass. 
They were part of Sir Richard SaltonstaU's compauy. Having be- 



1889. J JSforthrup Genealogy. 243 

come attached to their pastor, Rev. Peter Prudden. from Egerton, 
Yorkshire, England, they accompanied him to Mi! ford. Another 
part of the settlers were of Eaton and Davenport's company, — "of 
• good characters and fortunes," — who landed in Boston, July 26, 
1037, and settled at New Haven in April. 1636. They were most- 
ly from Yorkshire, Hertfordshire and Kent. The Hertfordshire 
families seem to have tended to Milford. 

The surname Northrjup was spelled, as here given, in the earliest 
deeds and records and inscriptions on tombstones, tup, sometimes 
rupp. About the time of the Revolution, apparently, many fami- 
lies changed it to 1\or\\\rop. (That spelling will be followed in 
their cases, in the genealogy to be published.) Jau. 9. 1642, 
Joseph united with the First Church in Milfbrd. Married Mary, 
dau. of Francis Norton, who came to Milford from Wethersfield 
with Rev. Peter Prudden. Died Sept. 11, 10(50. Will dated Sept. 

I, 16Gi) ; mentions only Joseph, Samuel, Jeremiah and John. Codi- 
cil to will: "My mother shall have a living in my house as long as 
she lives,'' — perhaps meaning Mrs. Norton. His wife survived him, 
and made her will Jan. 24, 1683; mentions Joseph, Samuel, Jere- 
miah (omits John, who probably was dead), Zophar, Daniel, Wil- 
liam and Mary, — the two latter as being in their minority, — also 
her mother Norton. Inventory of her estate dated Feb. 28, 1683. 
Children : 

Joseph,? bapt. Aug. 9, 1649. 

Samuel, bapt. 1651. 

Jeremiah, b. Jan. 1654. 

John, b. Sept. 1656 ; probably died before 1683. 

Zophar. b. June 21, 1661. 

Daniel, b. Ausf. 1664. 

William, b. June 2, 1668., 

Mary, b. Jan. 1670. 

2. Joseph 2 Northrup (Joseph 1 ), bapt. August 9, 1C49, Milford. Free- 
man, May 12, 1670; married to (?) ; died May — , 1700. Children 
born at Milford: 

8. i. Joseph, 3 bapt. Oct. 1689. 

9. ii. James, bapt. Jan. 1603. 

10. iii. Moses, bapt. March, 1605. 
iv. Miriam, bapt. May, 1698. 

8. Samuel 2 Northrup (Joseph 1 }, bapt. 1G51, Milford. Freeman, May 

II, 1671 ; married Sarah . Inventory dated Jan 30, 1712- 

13. Children born in Milford: 

11. i. Samuel, 3 b. . 

12. ii. Amos, bapt. Sept. 1639. 

13. iii. Joel, b. Feb. 1691. 

iv. Mary, b. Sept. 1694; m. April 9, 1717, Josiah, son of Josiah Tibbals 

(his 2d wife), 
v. Haxnah, b. Dec. 1696; m. James Smith. 
vi. Abigail, b. May 1, 1609; m. Jan. 6, 1724, Dea. Jonathan Guernsey, 

son of Joseph. 
vii. Margaret,!). Aim. 1702; m. (prob.) Joseph Gunn, son of Jeboniah, 

aud settled in Waterbury. 

4. Jeremiah 2 Northrup (Joseph 1 ), born Jan. 1G54. Milford. Married 
Phoebe ; died April 11,1734. Children born in Milford: 

14. i. John, 3 bapt, Jan. 16, 1695. 

15. ii. Jeremiah, bapt. Jan. 16, 1695, 



2. 


i. 


3. 


n. 


4. 


1U. 




IV. 


5. 


V. 


6. 


VI. 


7. 


711. 




VU1. 








l. 




ii. 


19. 


iii. 




iv. 


20. 


v. 




vi. 




vii. 




viii 


21. 


ix. 




X. 



244 Ubi'thriip Genealogy. [July, 

16. iii. Rhineas. bapt. Jan. lft, 1095. 

17. iv. Bex.tvmix. bapt. Oct. ]«J9G. 
v. Piicebk, bapt. Nov. 170.5. 

5. Zofiiar 2 Northrcp {Joseph 1 ), born June 21, 1661, Milford. Mar- 

ried Sarah Tibbals, dau. of Josiah and Mary (Sherwood) Tibbale, 
of Milford (her parents married July 13, 1070); died 172'J. 
"Will made iu 1728. Children born in Milford: 
i. Zopiiap., 3 bapt. Dec. 169G. (Not mentioned in father's will.) 
ii. Josiah, bapt. Oct. 1699. (Probably died before 2d Josiah was born.) 

18. iii. Josiah, bapt. 1702. 

iv. Meiietar-ll, bapt. Dec. 1708. 

v. Hannah, bapt. June, 1712. 

vi. Rebecca. (Mentioned in father's will, 172S.) 

6. Daniel 2 Northrup (Joseph 1 ), born August, 1664, Milford. Married 

Sarah ; died 1728. Children born in Milford: 

Robert, 8 bapt. 1692. 

Daniel, bapt. Dec. 169:3. 

Gamaliel, bapt. May, 1696. Of Ridgefield, 1721. 

Ebenk/ek, b. May, 1698. 

David, b. Av:«\ 1701. 

Sarah, b. July, 1702; m, March 6, 1727-8, Samuel St. John, and 

probably was of Ridgefield, 1731. 
Nathan, bapt. Aug. 1705. Of Ridgefield, 1731. 
Mehetaeel, bapt. April, 1708; m. Aug. 23, 1733, Josiah LTine, son of 

Samuel. 
Jabez, bapt. Jan. 1710. Of Ridgefield, 1736. 
Jonah, mentioned in will. Died March 31, 173C, Ridgefield. 

7. "William 2 Northrup (Joseph 1 ), born June 2, 1006, Milford. Mar- 

ried Marv Peck, dau. of Joseph; died 1728. Children born in 
Milford:' 

William. 3 b. Dec. 1691. 

Ephkaim. b. 1096. 

Joseph, b. bil.S. 

Hannah, b, Dec. 1699. 

Thomas, b. 1701. 

John, b. 1703. 

Joseph 3 Northrup (Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. Oct. 1639, Milford- 
Eemoved to Ridgefield, Conn. Joseph and his brothers James and 
Moses united with others in the purchase of lands from the Indians 
in Ridgefield, March 13, 1715, Nov. 22, 1721, and July 4, 1727,— 
the 2d, 3d and 4th purchases from the Indians. Married Nov. 
20, 1713, Susanna Roberts; died 1773. Children recorded at 
Ridgefield : 

Susanna. 4 b. Aug. 31, 1714. 

Joseph, b. May 11. 1716. 

Eli, b. May 1. 1718. 

Aaron, b. Nov. 30, 1720. 

Abraham, b. Sep. 18. 1722. Removed to Lenox. Mass. 

Isaac, b. Nov. 10. 1725. 

Miriam, b. July 18, 1728. 

James 8 Northrup (Joseph," Joseph 1 ), bapt. January, 1693, Milford. 
Bought lands in Ridgefield with brothers Joseph and Moses, 1715, 
1721, and 1727, and settled there. Also bought lands of Joseph 
Benedict for £60, March 29, 1714. Married 1st, Hannah Hine, 
of Milford, who died about 1737. Children by 1st wife recorded 
at Ridgefield: 



22. 


i. 


23. 


ii. 


24. 


iii. 




iv. 


25. 


v. 


26. 


vi. 





i. 


27. 


ii. 


28. 


iii. 


29. 


iv. 


30. 


v. 


31. 


vi. 




vii. 



1889.] " Northrup Genealogy. 245 

32. i. James, 4 b. Nov. 0, 1710. 

ii. Nathan, b. May 30, 1721 ; m. Eunice . of Salem, N. Y. 

iii. Hannah, b. Nov. in, 1723: d. before 1731. 

iv. Stephen, b. Dec. 13, 17i'5; m. Abigail; d, June 22, 1757. 

33. v. Thomas, b. Dec. 5, 1727. 

vi. Hannah, b. Aug. 20, 1720; m. Aug. 23, 1747, Stephen Olmstead. 
vii. Anna, in. Dec. 24, 1754, Jouah Smith, Jr. 

James, 3 married 2d, wid. Lydia Mills, and by her had: 

viii. Ambrose, b. April 30, 1740: d. Oct. 7, 1745. 
ix. John, b. Nov. 28. 1743: d. March 20, 1761. 
x. Benjamin, b. Oct. 20, 1747. 

10. Moses 3 Northrup (Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. March. 1605, Milford. 
With his brothers Joseph and James (and others), purchased lands 
of the Indians in Ridgefield, Couu., in 1715, 1721, and 1727. De- 
scribed in deed of Sept., 1714, as "of Milford," and in deed o£ 
May 11, 1716, as "of Ridgefield." Lived in Ridgefield until some 
time between Nov. 24, 1733, and August 2, 1734. when he removed 
to Dutchess Co., N. Y. Described himself in deed dated March 10, 

1735, as "lately of Ridgefield now living at Wostershire in 

the Province of New York." Again, in 1740, "of Worcester, N. 
Y." Again, Feb. 7, 1744-5, "of Worstershire, Dutchess Co., 
N. Y." In « N. Y. Calendar of Land Papers, 1643-1803," Vol. 
XIII., pp. 139-140 (State Library, Albany, N. Y.), are two origi- 
nial Petitions, dated April 29, 1743, of Moses Northrup and Abi- 
gail his wife and Moses Northrup, Jr., for license to purchase va- 
cant lands in the County of Dutchess, " where their dwelling stands," 
&c. — 10,000 acres. Petitions denied. He married about 1721, Abi- 
gail Cornell, who survived him. She quit-claims her dower, &c, by 
deed Jan. 22,1759. The sons convey Ridgefield lands of their 
father by deed Jan. 19, 1759. He died about January, 1759. The 
children born, some in Ridgefield, some in Dutchess Co. Order of 
birth not known. 



34. 


i. 


Moses, 4 b. Nov. 1, 1722, Ridgefield, Conn 




ii. 


Joseph. 


35. 


iii. 


Amos, b. 1730. 


36. 


iv.' 


Benjamin, b. about 1730. 


37. 


v. 


Cornell, b. probably about 1740-2. 




vi. 


Abigail. 




vii. 


Sarah. 



11. Samuel 3 Northrup (Samuel, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. in Milford. One of the 

original proprietors — not one of the "first 12 settlers" — of New 
Milford; list dated, Milford, April, 1706. Married Feb. 25, 1714, 
Sarah Andrews. 
i Mercy, 4 b. Sept. 1715. 
ii. Samuel, b. June, 1718. 

iii. Abigail, b. July, 1723; m. Lawrence Clinton, and had: 1. Sarah. 6 b. 
Aug. 1747; 2. Simeon,* b. Feb. 1740; 3. Abigail,* b. Aug. 1751; 4. 
Samuel,* b. July, 1754. 

12. Amos 3 Northrup (Samuel, 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. Sept. 1689, Milford. 

Married Jan. 6, 1713-4, Mary Gunn. It is said he removed to 
New Milford and died not long after 1726; and that his widow 
married, 1729, Henry Peck, and removed to Brookfield, where his 
son Amos 4 was brought up. Will dated Feb. 25, 1726. Ephraim 
Northrup was one of the witnesses. 



2^46 Northrup Genealogy. [Jul/? 

38. i. Amos. 4 

ii. StfARY, bapt. Sept. 1714: d. young. 
iii. Joan, bapt. March, 1718; d. young. 

13. Joel 3 Northrup (Samuel,- JosepH 1 ), b. Feb. 1691, Milford. Mar- 

ried Rath Andrews, dau. of Thomas; died 1752. Children, all 
born in AVoodbridge. Conn. : 

i. Ruth, 4 b. 1725 ; m. Ilezekiah Camp, of Salisbury. 

ii. Sarah, b. 1727. 

iii. Hannah, b. 172s. 

iv. Mary, b. 1730. 

39. v. Joel, b. 1732. 

vi. Abigail, b. 1734: d. young — before 1740. 
vii. Margaret, b. 1736. 
viii. Abigail, b. 1740. 

14. Lieut. John 3 Northrup (Jeremiah? Joseph 1 ), bapt. Jan. 16, 1695 

(probably when several years old), in Milford. He and his brothers 
Jeremiah 3 and Benjamin 3 were among the first settlers of Newtown, 
Conn., where they took their "pitch" with others for home lots, 
commencing April 7, 1712, each to have 4 acres of meadow land; 
and again in 1720, the brothers John 3 and Benjamin 3 are together 
allotted 10 acres more. He was appointed Selectman in 1722 aud 
held the office 13 years; was Town Clerk from 1739 to 1702. He 
was a weaver. Was known as "Lieut. John." Married Jan, 
7, 1713-4, Mary Porter, who died March 19, 1786, aged 97 years. 
Died- Jan. 9, 1767, very suddenly, ;i aged 80 years." 

40. i. Jonathan, 4 b. March 3. 1715, Milford. 

ii. Ruth, b. Jan. 15, 1717; m. Nov. 30. 1737, Peter Ferris, son of Sam- 
uel, of Newtown. Peter d. 1795. a^ed 31 vears. She died May 28, 
1804. Had: 1. Samud^ b. Mav 10, 1740, d. Jan. 12, 1796; 2. 
Martha, 5 b. Nov. 12. 1743; 3. Joseph,* b. Aug. 2, 174G. 

iii. Mary, b. Oct. 17, 1725, Newtown ; m. Aui£. 21, 1743, Daniel Sherman. 

41. iv. John, b. July 9, 1732. 

15. Jeremiah 3 Northrup (Jeremiah, 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. Jan. 16, 1695, Mil- 

ford (probably when several years old). Married Hannah , 

who died March 19, 1767, aged 70. He died July 4, 1771, "in the 
87th year of his age." Quite probablv there was a Job in this family, 
b. in Milford. 

i. Jeremiah. 4 

ii. Joshua. 

iii. Ezra, b. 1724 or 5. 

iv. Amos. b. 1727. 

v. Waite, b. 1740. 

vi. Enos, b. 1742. Brookfleld, Conn. 

vii. Hannah, m. Hawley. He d. May 12, 1790, aged 60. 

viii. Phcebe, m. Weller. " 

16. Phineas 3 Northrup (Jeremiah, 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. Jan. 16, 1695. 

Married Dec. 9, 1732, Elizabeth Brinsmeade, dau. of John. 

i. Elizabeth, 4 b. Jan. 1733; m. Enos Baldwin, 

ii. Phcebe, b. April, 1735. 

iii. Ann, b. March, 1737; m. Beers, 

iv. Susanna, b. March, 1741; m. Sears. 

v. Rachel, b. Dec. 1743; d. Aug. 22, 1750. 

vi. John, b. Feb. 1740: d. Aug. fl, 1750. 

vii. Phineas. b. Feb. 1749: d. Nov. 1777, 

17. Dea. Benjamin 3 Northrup (Jeremiah, 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. Oct. 1696, 

Milford. A mason. His name appears ou record in Newtown in 



1889.] " Northrup Genealogy. 247 

1712. Had land set off to hita and his brother John 3 in 1720- 
"Was Deacon of Cong. Church in Newtown. Married March 4, 
1724, Sarah Piatt, who died Feb. 25, 1775. aged 75 years. He 
died Aug. 9, 1775, in a fit, aged 79 years. Children, born in New- 
town: 

i. Benjamin, 4 b. Feb. 7. 1723; d. Nov. 7, 1727. 

ii. Sarah, b. Feb. 25, 1727; ra. Wakeley. 

iii. PncEBE, b. Feb. 25, 1727 ; m. May 14, 1760, Joseph Rockwell, of 
Dauby, Conn. 

iv. Benjamin, b. Feb. 24, 1729. 

v. Abigail, ra. Castle. 

vi. Miriam, m. Bristol. 

vii. Mercy, m. Monger. 

viii. Alice, m. Jan. 5, 1700, Joseph Botsford, of Newtown; d. April 5, 
1774. 

ix. Nathaniel, b. 1740. 

x. Eunice, bapt. June 3, 1743; m. Nov. 7, 17GS, Eben Castle, of Box- 
bury, Conn. 

xi. Eliiiu, bapt. Feb. 16, 1747. 

18. Josiah 3 Northrup (Zophar 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. 1702, Milford. Mar- 

ried Mary Sauford, who was bom July 5, 1702. 

i. Joseph, 4 bapt. Jan. 1723. 

ii. Sarah, bapt. Nov. 1728. 

iii. Abigail, bapt. Nov. 1728. 

iv. Moses, bapt. June, 1730; m. Elizabeth Baldwin, dan. of Joshua. 

v. Jonathan,, bapt. May, 1732. 

vi. Anna, bapt. Oct. 1735. 

vii. Israel, bapt. Dec. 1730 ; d. Aug. 10, 1750. 

19. Gamaliel 3 Northrup (Daniel, 7 Joseph 1 ), bapt. May, 169G, Mil- 

ford. Married Jan. 2, 1723-4, Mary Dauchy. In deed, Nov. 16, 
1717, describes himself " formerly of Milford, now resident in 
Ridgefield, blacksmith." Dis, of estate July 31, 1783. Children 
recorded at Ridgefield : 

i. Elizabeth, 4 b. Oct. 2, 1723; d. March 14, 1725. 

ii. Mary, b. May 26. 1726. 

iii. Sarah, b. April 29, 1728. 

iv. Gamaliel, b. May 9, 1730. 

v. Daniel, b. July 17, 1733; d. Jan. 18, 1738. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 29, 1735-6. 

vii. Mehetabel, b. May 13, 1738; m. Sept. 15, 1756, Jesse Benedict (b. 
Feb. 2, 1735, d. Sept. 2, 1805, Ridgefield)', son of Capt. Matthew 
and Ruth (Keeler) Benedict. 10 children. She d. Dec. 11, 1804. 

viii. Rachel, b. July 18, 1740. 

ix. Martha, b. Dec. 2, 1744 ; m. John St. John. 

x. Hannah, b. May 1, 1747; m. Olmstead. 

20. David 3 Northrup (Daniel,' 2 Joseph 1 ), born Aug. 1701, Milford. 

Married Rebecca Downs, dau. of Deliverance Downs (who in her 
will mentions " Rebecca, wife of David Northrup"). Describes 
himself in deeds Dec. 12, 1721, and March 8, 1722-3, "of Milford." 

i. David, bapt. 1734. 

ii. Isaac, bapt. 1734. 

iii. Rebecca, bapt. 1734. 

iv. Eunice, bapt. 1734. 

v. Sarah, bapt. 173-t. 

vi. Elizabeth, bapt. May, 1735. 

vii. Josiah, bapt. Feb. 1733. 

21. Jabez 3 Northrup (Daniel 2 Joseph 1 ), bapt. Jan. 1710, Milford. 



248 



Northrup Genealogy. 



[July, 



Of Ridgefield in 1736. Married March 6, 1735, Sarah . 

Children, born in Ridgefield: 
i. Eun'ICF.. 4 b. Oct. 6, 1733. 
ii. J.vni:z,b. Aug. 14, 1737. 
iii. Sarah, b. June 21, 1741. 
iv. Lois, b. Feb. 16, 1743-4. 

22. "William 3 Northrup [ William? Joseph 1 ), b. Dec. 1694, Mil ford. 

Signs "of Greenfield," 1736. Died (probably) in 1736 or 1737, 
as his children quit-claim in 1737. 

i. William. 4 
ii. Anna. 

(Perhaps others.) 

23. Ephraim 3 Northrop ( William, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. 1696, Milford. Married 

Nov. 26, 1730, Sarah Guun, dau. of Samuel. Died Oct. 10, 1787. 

i. Abigail, 4 b. Aug. 1731 ; d. March 20, 1790, unmarried. 

ii. Ei'HRaim. b. April, 1733. 

iii. Lazarus, b. June. 1735; d. 1802. (Remembered in Lazarus Gunn's 

will.) 
iv. Martha, bapt. July, 1737; m. March S, 1757, David Lambert, son 

of Jesse. 
v. Mary, bapt. Dec. 1730 : m. Joel Smith. 
vi. Esther, bapt. Sept. 1744; m. Feb. 23, 1763, Dr. Elias Carrington, 

son of Noadiah. 

24. Joseph 3 Northrup /THY/^???, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. 1698, Milford. Married 

Jan. 10, 1725, Ruth Allen, dau. of Henry. 

i. Mary, 4 b. Jan. 1729; m. Oct. 3, 1745, David Canfield, son of Jere- 
miah. 

ii. Ruth, b. March, 1730; m. Joseph Camp, 

iii. Jane, b. May. 1732. 

iv. Andrew, b. January, 1736. 

v. Abel, bapt. Dec. 1739. 

vi. Allen, bapt. Dec. 1741. 

vii. Mercy, bapt. March, 1743. 

viii. Catherine, mentioned in will 1775 ; m. Ezra Merchant. 

ix. Heth, mentioned in will as youngest. 

25. Thomas 3 Northrup ( William 2 Joseph 1 ), b. 1701, Milford. Mar- 

ried Abigail TerrilL Removed to Newtown, Conn., and resided 
there until the children were grown and settled. His wife died 
• there, aud he went to New Milford and resided with one of his 
sons. Residents of Newtown in 1712, Thomas Northrup, Benja- 
min and Jeremiah and John (brothers) Northrup. 

L Job, 4 b. April 25, 1731 ; m. April 8, 1756, Violet Peck. 

ii. Thomas, b. Dec. 2, 1732; m. Aug. 25, 1757, Johanna Leach. 

iii. Isaac, b. Aug. 6, 1734. 

iv. Sarah, d. at Newtown, aged 96. 

v. Abraham, b. Aug. 13, 1738; m. twice. 

vi. Joel, b. March 3, 1 742 ; m. Eunice Marsh. 

26. John 3 Northrup (William, 7 Joseph 1 ), b. 1703, Milford. Married 

Aug. 14, 1728, Rebecca Roberts, at Ridgefield, whither he had 

removed. 
i. John, 4 b. Jan. 14, 1729. 
ii. William, b. Oct. 26, 1730; d. Jan. 14, 1734. 
iii. Enos, b. Sept. 14, 1733. 
iv. Rebecca, b. Sept. 25, 1735. 
v. William, b. Feb. 6, 1737-3. 
vi. Ruth, b. Jan. 11, 1742-3. 
vii. Samuel, b. Feb. 2, 1746. 



1889..] Northrup Genealogy. 249 

27. Joseph 4 Northrup (Joseph* Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. May 11, 1716, 
Ridgefield. Married Aug. 0, 1733 (recorded at Ridgefield), Allyn 
Hayes (dau. of James Hayes of Norwalk, Ct., who had : 1, Eunice, 
married John St. John ; 2, Mary, married Isaac Sherwood, Jr. ; 
3, Rachel, married Samuel Gates; 4, Allyn, married Joseph 4 
Northrup). She died Sept. 12, 1784, aged 66. He died Sept. 23, 
1785. Both buried at Salisbury, Ct. 

i. Allyn 5 (dau.), b. May 13, 1739. Ridgefield. 

ii. Joseph, b. March 20, 1742, Ridgefield. 

iii. Samuel, b. Nov. 26, 1744, Ridgefield. 

iv. Anna, b. Sept. 10, 1745, Ridgefield. 

v. Elijah, b. April 10. 1750. 

vi. Nathaniel, b. March 26, 1752. 

vii. Jeremiah. 

viii. Marion. 

ix. Eunice. 

x. Elizabeth. ♦ 

28. Eli 4 Northrup (Joseph* Joseph 2 Joseph 1 ), b. May 1, 1718, Ridge- 
field. Married Jan. 3, 1738-9, Abigail . Gave deed in 

Ridgefield Dec. 2, 1773. " Of Ridgefield," Feb. 20, 1777. Gave 
deed in " Ball/own" Albany Co., N. Y., Oct. 25, 1779. (Doubt- 
less Ballston, Saratoga Co., iV. 7., Albany Co. then extending far 
to the North.) The deed was given to Josiah Northrup of Ridge- 
field. Children, born in Ridgefield: 

i. Eli, 6 b. Feb. 2, 1742-3. 

ii. Joanna, b. Aug. 6, 1745. 

Hi. Jane, b. Oct. 21, 1747. 

iv. Esther, b. Jan. 18, 1749-50. 

V. Benajah, b. March 27, 1752. "Loyalist." Removed to New 
Brunswick 1783; d. May 17, 1838, leaving 14 children, 118 grand- 
children and 111 great-grandchildren. (I have a great number 
of them.) 

vi. Wilson, b. April 7, 1754. 

29. Aaron 4 Northrup (Joseph, 3 Joseph, 3 Joseph 1 ), b. Nov. 30, 1720, 
Ridgefield. Married Jan. 25, 1743, Rebecca Hyatt (b. June 20, 
1723; d. March 9, 1800). He died March 21, 1802. Resided at 
Ridgefield and children born there : 

i. Hannah, 5 b. Dec. 3, 1744; m. 1st, Elisha Vibbert; m. 2d, Daniel 

Hoyt ; m. 3d, Godfrey. 

ii. Mary, b. Oct. 13, 1746; m. Ephraim Smith. 

iii. Sarah, b. Aug. 22, 1749 ; ra. Samuel Nash, son of Abraham. 

iv. Aaron, b. June 21, 1751 ; d. May 21, 1768. 

v. Rebecca, b. March 7, 1754; m. Joshua Jones, Ballston, N. Y. 

vi. Millicent, b. Feb. 25, 1757; m. John Northrup, of Salem, N. T., 

son of Nathan. 
vii. Josiah, b. May 28, 1759. 
viii. Jared, b. Nov. 19, 1761. 
ix. Joseph, b. Oct. 16, 1764. 

30. Abraham 4 Northrup (Joseph 3 Joseph. 2 Joseph 1 ), b. Sept. 18, 1722, 
Ridgefield. Married July 13, 1752, Mehetabel Gunn, of Newtown. 
Removed to Lenox, Mass. Gave deed there Dec. 2, 1773. Cove- 
nant — "non-importation," &c. — signed at Lenox, 1774, by Samuel, 
Elijah and Abraham Northrup, and others. (I have not yet ascer- 
tained his children.) 

31. Isaac 4 Northrup (Joseph, 3 Joseph 2 Joseph}), b. Nov. 10, 1725, 
Ridgefield. Married 1st, Hannah Gunn; married 2d, Jan. 16., 

TOL. XLIII. 22 



250 Northrup Genealogy. [July, 

1752, Elizabeth Lobdell. Lived in Ridgefield until, at least, first 
six children were born, then in South Salem (giving deed there, 
Dec. 2, 1773), Westchester Co., N. Y., where he died July 9, 1810. 
Wife died about 1790. (?) 



i. Isaac, 5 b. Dec. 24. 1752. 






ii. David, b. March 20, 1754. 






iii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 2s. 1755. 






iv. Lois. b. July 17, 1757. 






v. Rebecca, b. July 13, 1759. 






vi. Eunice, b. Feb. 3, 17<U. 






vii. Phalle. x. Molly. 




xii. Lewis. 


viii. Sakah. xi. Jonah. 




xiii. Isaac. (?) 


ix. Hum. 






These last seven mentioned in dis. of 


estate 


May 4, 1791, Ridgefield 



32. James 4 Noktiirup (James, 3 Joseph. 3 Joseph 1 ), b. Nov. 9, 17 1 9, Ridge- 

field. Married Jan. 13, 1742, Rachel Smith, daughter of Samuel, 
of Norwalk (b. March 27, 1723). Distribution of his estate July 26, 
1784. Children, recorded at Ridgefield: 

i. James. 5 b. Jan. 22. 1744-5; cl. before July 15, 1751. 

ii. Samuel, b. March 5. 1746; in. True Riggs. 

iii. Matthew, b. April (3. 1740; m. Hannah Abbott. 

iv. James, b. July 15. 1751; cl. . 

v. Nathaniel, b. July 15, 1751; m. Nov. 5, 1772, Chloe Baldwin. 

vi. Kachel, b. Jan. 28, 1754; m. Theophilus Taylor. 

vii. Hannah, b. Feb. 28, 1755: m. Samuel Baldwin, and settled in Au- 
rora, Portage Co., O. : d. about 1826. 

viii. Stephen, b. Jan. 22, 1759; m. 1st, Betsey Murch; m. 2d, Deborah 
Robinson. 

33. Thomas 4 Northrup (James, 3 Joseph 3 Joseph 1 ), b. Dec. 5, 1727, 

Ridgefield. Married 1st, March 9, 1747-8, Rachel (b. Feb. 11, 
1727, d. Oct. 4. 1759), daughter of Lemuel and Mary Morehouse; 
married 2d, Jan. 1, 1760, Mehetabel (b. April 11, 1738, d. July 
30, 1808), daughter of John and Elizabeth Rockwell. Died Aug. 
29, 1799. 

i. Martha, 5 b. June 8, 1747-8. 

ii. Thomas, b. Sept. 2(3. 1751. 

iii. Jacob, b. Feb. 21, 1702; cl. April 28, 1784. 

iv. Moses, b. Jan. 17, 17G4. 

v. Elijah, b. Oct. 8, 1705; m. Aug. 3. 1786, Amy Williams. 

vi. Joshua, b. July 12, 1777, town of Lee, Mass. ; m. 1st, Polly "Wade; 
in. 2d, Harriet Wade. 

34. Moses 4 Northrup (Moses 3 Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. Nov. 1, 1722, 

Ridgefield. Married Dec. 1749, Patience Beardsley (b. Dec. 22, 
1729, d. Oct. 17, 1778). Removed with his father 1733-4 to 
Dutchess Co., N. Y., and united with him in petitions to purchase 
vacant lands, April 29, 1743. Had "land troubles" in Pawling, 
— was "wrongfully driven from his home," — removed to New Mil- 
ford, Conn., after Nov. 25, 17G0, where he gave de^ds in 17G8, 
1771 and 1774 of lands in Ridgefield. Deeds of division were 
given between Moses of New Mil ford and his brothers Benjamin 
of Hardiston, Sussex Co., N. J., Amos of Tyringham, Mass., and 
by him and Joseph of Philips Patent, Dutchess Co., N. Y., — this 
last, March 14, 1774. Moses 4 was a "loyalist" in the Revolution. 
Died Oct. 15, 1783. 
i. Moses, 4 b. Jan. 2, 1752; d. July 26, 1778, 



1889.] Northrup Genealogy, 251 

ii, John, b. Xov. 12, 1753: d. March 20. 1755. 

iii. Joshua, b. Sept. 10, 1755; m. Oleha Lowe. Nova Scotia. 

iv. JOSEPH, b. April 30, 1757; m. Mary Foster, rlau. of Thomas. 

v. Abigail, b. March 25. 1759; in. Flnathau Gunn; d. Jan. 12, 1787. 

vi. Eunice, b. Feb. 5, 17G1 ; d. Sept. 4. I78S. 

vii. Caleb, b. Dec. id, 1763; m. Julv 3. 1785, Silvina Knowles. 

viii. Paul, b. Oct. 5, 1765: d. May 10, 1701. 

ix. Kezhh, b. March 8, 17G3; d. Oct. 23, 1770. 

x. Benjamin, b. Aug. 25, 1770; mar. but had no children; d. Aprils, 
1706. 

xi. Patience, b. Sept. 7. 1772; m. Nathan Sanford; lived in Kings- 
bury, "Wash. Co., N. Y. Died June 5, 1810. 

35. Amos 4 Northrup (Moses, 9 Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. 1730. Ridgefield. 

Went with his father, 1733-4, to Dutchess Co., N. Y., thence to 
"Hop Brook," Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Mass., as early as 1771. 
Gave deed there April 2, 1771. to Moses Northrup of New 
Milford, of "lands divided or undivided" in Ridgefield. Farmer. 
Married, 1758, widow Hannah (Calkins) Hatch, who died April 
22, 1801, in 68th year of her age. He died Feb. 9, 1810. Child- 
ren, probably all born at Tyringham : 

i. Miriam. 5 b. 1762: m. Dea. Seth Kingsley; d. Jan. 30, 1881. 

ii. Mary, b. 17G3; unm. : d. Dec. 16. 1843. 

iii. Amos, b. April 14, 1705; m. March 10, 1790, Betsey Stedman, dau. 

of Tristam. She was b. Dec. IS, 1773, and d. Xov. 15, 1852. 

Amos d. Oct. 12, 1835. Smithfield, Madison Co., N. Y. He had 

Rensselaer, 6 b. Aug. 10, 1804, Tyriugharn, Mass., d. Aug. 8. 1874; 

and' .Rensselaer* had Ansel Judd Xorthrup, 7 b. June 30, 1833, 

Smithtield, Madison Co., N. Y. 
iv. Barzillai. b. Aug. 15, 1768; m. June 6, 1791. Margery Rockwood. 
v. Anna, b. Sept. 1769; m. Gideon Hale: cl. April 4. 1849. 
vi. Joiin, b. Dec. 2, 1771; m. Jan. 7. 17 r, 8, Sarah Miller. 
vii. Abraham, b. April 9, 1774; m. Jan. 17. 1802, Pamelia Jones. 
viii. Timothy, b. Dec. 1779; unm.; d. May, 1820, Pompey, N. Y. 
ix. Enos, b. June, 1781 ; m. Sophira Kingsbury. 

36. Benjamin 4 Northrup (Jfoses* Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. about 1739, 

Dutchess Co., N. Y. Removed to Sussex Co., N. J., in 1760. In 
deed Nov. 22, 1760, describes himself "of Bateman's Point, Dutchess 
Co., N. Y." In deed Nov. 25, 1760, describes " of Newtown, 
Sussex Co., N. J." In deed May 3, 1768, describes " of Hardistou, 
Sussex Co., N. J." Married Leonora Holmes (or Whitehead) 
who survived him and married 2d, Peterson. Benjamin d. Sept. 
4, 1774, "a? 35 yrs." 

i. Benjamin, 5 unm. ; d. 1812. 

ii. Moses, b. 1762; m. 1st. May 1, 1787, Sarah De Witt 

iii. Abigail, m. John Gauterman. Had 2 children. 

iv. Joseph, b. Jan. 7. 1765; m. Feb. 23. 1786, Lucy Price. 

v. Mary, m. Daniel Harker, Sussex Co., N. Y. 

vi. Sally, m. Samuel Harker, brother of Daniel. 

37. Cornell 4 Northrup (3foses, 3 Joseph 2 Joseph 1 ), b. probably as late 

as 1740-2, in Dutchess Co., N. Y, In deed April 27, 1763. de- 
scribes as " of Beekman's Precinct, in Dutches County, Province 
of New York." Nov. 14, 1768. " Cornell Northrup of Sheffield 
in the County of Berkshire, in the Province of Massachusetts Bay." 
deeds to " Moses Northrup of New Milford, Yeoman, of Litchfield 
Co., Conn.," lands in Ridgefield (both divided and undivided.) No 
record of marriage or death. First 5 children are recorded at 
Sheffield, Mass.. — the others not recorded. He probably removed 



252 Northrwp Genealogy. [July* 

from Sheffield after 1772, and finally to Coeymans, Albany Co., 
N. Y., where some of the last 4 children are said to have been born. 

i. John, 6 b. March 4, 1767; m. 2d, Tamarintha Nichols. 

ii. Abigail, b. March S, 1768; m. Silas Dunham. 

iii. Sarah, b. May 20. 1769; m. John Cowel. 

iv. Ei.am, b. Sept" 7, 1770; m. 1st, Elizabeth Edmunds; m. 2d, Martha 
Davenport. 

v. REBECCA, b. July 20, 1772; m. Peleg Le Valley; d. aged 70. 

vi. Polly, m. Ezra Champions. 

vii. Benjamin, b. June 4, 1778. 

viii. Cornell. 

ix. Eunice. 

x. James. (?) 

38. Amos 4 Northrup (Amos, 3 Samuel? Joseph 1 ), b. (prob.) 1713-14, 

Milford. Went to New Milford. Married Dec. 16, 1741, Anna, 
daughter cf Solomon Baldwin of Milford. She joined the First 
Church in New Milford in 1748, by letter from Amity (Wood- 
bridge). June 30. 1743, he bought of Dea. Job Terrill of New 
Milford, for £1600, 100 acres of laud at (now) Park Lane, East 
of the road, including 17J acres with a dwelling house thereon, 
where he lived and died. His will dated Oct. 1, 1788, and pro- 
bated July 2, 1790. 

i. Amos, 5 b. Dec. 19, 1742. Recorded at Milford. Grandfather of 
Hon. Birdsey Grant North rup. Lecturer, &c. 

ii. Solomon, b. Dec. 29, 1744; m. Lois Mallery. 

iii. David, b. Jan. 27, 174G; m. Rachel Grant. 

iv. Lois, b. Sept. 17, 1748; m. 1771, Rev. Abner Benedict (his 2d 
wife), son of Peter Benedict. Had 2 sons, distinguished minis- 
ters, and 3 daughters, one of "whom, Irene, was mother of Hon. 
Joel T. Headley. 

v. Anna, b. April 3, 1751; m. Aug. 31, 1774, Col. Nathaniel Taylor. 
Her granddaughter, Mary T., was wife of President Noah Porter, 
of Yale College. 

vi. Joel, b. July 27. 1753 ; grandfather of Gen. Lucius Bellinger 
Northrup, and great-grandfather of Harry Pinckney Northrop. 
R. C. Bishop at Charleston, S. C. 

39. Joel 4 Northrup (Joel? Samuel, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. 1732, Woodbridge, 

Ct. Married Oct. 12, 1758, Abigail Camp. Captain in the Revo- 
lution. Died 1786. Children, born in Woodbridge: 

i. Joel, 5 b. Feb. 1758. 

ii. Abigail, b. April, 1761 ; m. Eli Stillson. 

iii. Anna, b. Jan. 1704. 

iv. Hezekiah, b. April, 1766; died young. 

v. Margaret, b. April. 1771 ; d. young. 

vi. John, b. 1772; d. young. 

vii. John, b. 1775. 

viii. Hezekiah, b. 1778. 

is.. Margaret, b. 1780. 

x. Abel, b. 1781. 

40. Capt. Jonathan 4 Northrup (John, 3 Jeremiah, 7 Joseph 1 ), b. March 

3, 1715, Milford. Removed to Newtown, Conn., with his parents, 
when quite young. " Captain," — commanded a Company under 
Gen. Braddock and afterwards in the Revolution. Married June 
2, 1740, Ruth Booth, who died July 25, 1799. He died 1783. 
Children, born in Newtown: 

i. Solomon, 5 b. March 8, 1741: had Joseph and Johanna. 

ii. Gideon, b. May 20, 1742 ; m. 1st, Rhoda Northrup. 



1889.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 253 

iii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 29, 1744. 

iv. Mart, b. June 28, 1740 : d. Feb. 22, 1753. 

v. Clement, b. April 15, 1749; ra. Jerusha Clark, dau. of Jared". 

vi. George, b. March 21, 1754; m. 1st, Kimberly; in. 2d, Booth. 

vil. Lemuel, b. May 31, 1757; m. Loi.s Woodward. 

riii. Amos, b. Sept. 7, 1750; married 3 times; had 14 children. 

41. John 4 Northrup (John, 3 Jeremiah, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. July 9, 1732, New-- 
town. Succeeded his father as Town Clerk of Newtown, 1752, 
and held the office until 1765. Married July 30, 1752, Lois, dau. 
of William Northrup of Newtown. She died Dec. 3, 1800, aged. 
68. He died March 11, 1805. 

i. Peter, 5 b. July 3, 1754 ; ra. Lucy Sherman ; d. Nov. 27, 1810. 

ii. Maky, b. Jan. 28, 175G; m. Feb. 2, 1773, Solomon Glover. 

iii. Nanny, b. May 14, 1758: m. May 22, 1778, Elijah Sherman. 

iv. Amy, b. Feb. 9, 17C0; m. John Sanford. 

v. Lois, b. Jan. 25, 17G2 ; m. Jacob Wallace. 
- vi. Betty, b. Jan. 15, 17C4 ; m. Daniel Foote. 

rii. Huldau, b. Oct. 26, 1765 ; m. Abner Betts. 

viii. Ruth, b. Oct. 5, 1768; m. Solomon Johnson. 

ix. Johanna, b. Nov. 10, 1770; d. July 9, 1771. 

x. John, b. Aug. 2, 1772 ; m. Nabby Baldwin. 

Note. — I iutend soon to publish a Genealogy of the ?sorthriip,-rop family, 
and also of the Nortiu.-;; family; and I should welcome any suggestions respect- 
ing the foregoing preliminary sketch. Any aids or hints from any source, in 
this matter, will be gratefully received and fully appreciated. A. J. Northrup. 

Syracuse, JV. Y. 



MEMORANDA OF ALL THE INSCRIPTIONS IN THE OLD 
BURYING-GROUND AT COLCHESTER, CONN. 

WITH SOME NOTES FROM THE TOWN RECORDS. 

By Frank. E. Randall, Esq., of New York City. 

[Continued from page 191.] 

407. Frederick P. Rand b. Middletown 13 June 1812 d. Hartford 13 

July 1854. 

408. Henry P. s. of Frederick P. and Harriet W. Rand, d. 10 Sep. 1844 

a>. 11 m. 21 d. 

409. Sarah, relict of Lieut. James Ransom, d. 12 May 1793 in 83d. yr. 

410. Lieut. James Ransom d. 8 Feb. 1773 in 60th. yr. 

411. Mr. Israel Ransom, son of Lieut. James Ransom and Sarah his wife, 

d. 4 June 1758 in 5th. yr. 

412. Asahel Ransom d. 3 May 1854 as. 70. 

Eobert Ransom had recorded at Colchester : 
1. John, b. 13 Nov. 1709. 

(No. 410.) 



2. 


Mary, b. 30 Abg. 1711. 


3. 


James, b. 13 Men. 1713. 


4. 


Joshua, b. 3 May, 1715. 


5. 


Robert, b. 25 Men. 1717. 


6. 


Alice, b. 6 Sep. 1719. 


7. 


Newton, b. 21 Feb. 1722. 


8. 


Feleg, b. 20 Sep. 1724. 


9. 


Amos, b. 17 Feb. 1727. 


VOL. XLIII. 22* 



254 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. [July, 

By wife Alice: 10. Elizabeth, b. 1 Mav, 1720. 
11. Amy, b. 2 Aug. 1732. 

413. Mrs. Mary Riggs cl. 2 Apr. 1761 in 88th. yr. 

The will of Mary Riggs of Colchester dated 13 June, 1759, names the following 
persons : 

Her first husband Joseph Beckwith of Lyme ; granddaughter Mary Beckwith, 
only daughter of her son Nathan Beckwith of Lyme, deceased; daughter Mary, 
wife of Capt. Matthew Marvin, aud her daughter Mary Marvin; daughter 
Dorothy, wife of Simeon or Simon Smith of New London; daughter Susanna, 
wife of Amos Tinker of Lyme and her daughter Mary Gilbert; daughter Lydia 
Grossman ; and her sons Joseph, Thomas, Zachariah and Elijah Beckwith of 
Lyme and Stephen Beckwith (see 11) of Colchester. Son Thomas Beckwith, 
Executor. 

414. Mr. Cornelius Roberts d. 3 Oct. 1757 in 06th. yr. 

415. Mr. Benjamin Roberts d. 23 Apr. 1770 in 44th. yr. 

The will of Cornelius Roberts (No 414), dated . . . 1756, proved 6 Men. 

1758, mentions three sons, Benjamin (? 415), Cornelius and Aaron Roberts. 

416. Mrs. Bethia, wife of Mr. Darnel Rowle, cl. 7 May 1750 in 25th. yr. 

417. Bethia, d. of Daniel and Bethia Rowle, d. 8 Jan. 1749 in 3d. yr. 

418. Reuben, son of Moses and Martha Rowlee, d. 12 Aug. 1747 in 22d. yr. 

Moses Rowlee m Sep. 1707 Martha Porter and had recorded at 

Colchester : 

1. Marv, b. 15 Dec. 1708. 

2. Martha, b. 11 Feb. 1710-11. 

3. Moses, b..5 Sept. 1714. 

4. Ann, b. 5 Apr. 1716. 

Administration was granted, 14 Sep. 1747, to Daniel Rowlee (see 416), on 
Estate of Reuben Rowlee (No. 418) of East Haddam, deed. 

419. Caroline, d. of Hezekiah aud Maria Rudd, cl. 13 Apr. 1819 ae. 7 

weeks 4 d. 

420. Capt. Danl. Scovel d. 29 Nov. 1781 in 29th. yr. 

421. Harriet Louisa, clau. of Chas. Shary ?, d. 8 Jan. 1846 se. 4 y. 2 m. 20 d. 

422. Oliver E. Sheldon d. I860 as. 26, also his son se. 20 mos. 

423. Adelbert, son of Oliver and. Almira Sheldon, d. 1863 ae. 2 y. 7 in. 

424. Dea. John Skinner d. 27 Aug. 1740 in 66th. yr. 

425. Capt. Aaron Skinner, Dea. of 1st. Ch. in Colchester, d. 17 Nov. 1766 

in 54th. yr. 

426. Dr. Thomas Skinner, d. 7 Aug. 1790 in 56th. yr. 

427. Mary, d. of Dr. Thomas and Jerusha Skinner, d. 8 Jan. 1792 ae. 5. 

428. Mrs. Ann Skinner, wife of Joseph Skinner, d. 3 June 1815 in 73d. yr. 

429. Justin Skinner s. of Joseph and Ann Skinner d. 23 May 1796 in 

18th. yr. 

John Skinner (424) had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Sarah, b. 17 July, 1697. 

2. An, b. 1 Oct. 1700; m. 29 Oct. 1721, Seth Dean. 

3. John, b. 30 Ausf. 1703. 

4. Daniel, b. 30 Aug. 1705. 

5. Joauah, b. 27 Jan. 1707 ; m. 28 Feb. 172S-9. 
Caleb Lomis. (See note 319.) 

6. • Joseph, b. 7 Oct. 1710. 

7. Aaron, b. 14 June 1713. (Xo. 425, see notes 446-8). 

430. John Smith Jun., son of Capt. John Smith and Mr3. Temprans, his 

wife, d. 17 Aug. 1752 in 24th. yr. 

431. In mem. of 3 sons of Capt. John and Temprans Smith. 

Shubell d. 18 May 1736 a*. 4 yrs. 8 mos. 
Caleb d. 22 Dec. 1740 te. 11 mos. 
David d. Aug. 17, 1752, in 9th. yr. 



1889.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 255 

432. Abby L. d. of Denisou and Louisa Smith, d. 25 Aug. 1825 ae. 26. 

433. Caroline, d. of Denisou and Louisa Smith, d. 4 Nov. 1849 SB. 28. 

434. Charles D. s. of Denisou and Louisa Smith d. 12 Sep. 1846 ae. 18. 

435. Mary, only dau. of Ret. Rufus and Clarissa Smith, d. 11 Apr. 1847 

SB. 21. 

Rufus a son grad. at Yale Coll. Aug. 184G d. New Orleans 14 Oct. 
1847 ;e. 26. 

436. Gustavus F. D. son of Rev. Andrew M. and Julia L. Smith, d. G 

June 1837 ae. 8 mos. 
The will of Simon Smith of Haddam, dated 20 July, 1742, proved 8 Apr. 1746, 
says that he is far advanced in years, mentions his father Simon Smith, deed. ; his 
sons Simon and David: Susannah, dau. of his deed, son James; dans. Elizabeth 
and Ann; Lydia and Elizabeth, children of his deed. dau. Hannah Seward; dau. 
Esther, deceased, leaving children; Jonathan, John (?see 130 and 431) and 
Deborah, children of his deceased son Jonathan. 

437. Garduer Southworth d. 9 Nov. 1851 ae. 59. 

438. Sarah T. wife of Gardner Southworth. d. 30 May 1S69 aj 73. 

439. Mrs. Juliette, wife of Alanson Stanard, d. 4 Mch. 1821 m. 22. 

440. Mr. James Starks d. 10 June 1812 in 44th. yr. 

441. Mr. Zebulou Strong d. 11 Sep. 1805 in GGth. yr. 

442. Esther, wife of Zebulon Strong, d. 4 June 1815 ae. 73. 

443. Mr. John, son of Zebulon Strong and Esther his wife, d. 25. Mch. 

1801 in 27th. yr. 

444. Dr. Zenas Strong b. 3 June 1764 d. 29 Oct. 1824 ae. GO. 

445. Mary C. wife of Dr. Zenas Strong, d. 18 July 1842 ae. 72. 

446. Charles Taintor d. 16 Mch. 1807m 85th. vr. 

447. Mary, consort of Charles Taintor, d. 23 Nov. 1823 S3. SO. 

448. Mrs Anna Taintor dau. of Michael Taintor and Eunice his wife d. 

31. Jan. 1755 in 2ist. yr. 

Micaiell Taintor, m. 3 Dec. 1712 Uniss Eoot and had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Unis*, b. 13 Apr. 1717, m. Aug. 1737 Aron Skinner (425). 

2. Micaiell, b. 31~Dec. 1719 d. 1748. 

3. Charles, b. 8 Feb. 1722-3 (446). 

4. John, b. 23 Julv 1725. - ■ 

5. Mary, b. 6 Nov. 1727. 

6. Prudence, b. 9 Dec. 1729. 

7. Sarah, b. 3 Apr. 1731. 

8. Ann, b. 21 Oct. 1734, d. 31 Jan. 1755 (448). 
Micaiell Taintor, Esq., d. 19 Feb. 1730-1. 

449. Caroline, dau. of Benj. and Nancy Talbot, and gr. dau. of John R. 

Watrous, d. Aug. 23 1827 ae. 6 v. 4 m. 

450. Joseph Tavlor d. 19 Jan. 1816 in 76th. vr. 

451. Sibyl, wife" of Joseph Taylor, d. IS July" 1808 in 70th. yr. 

452. Mrs. Hannah, wife of Joseph Taylor, d. 29 Apr. 1812 in 61st. yr. 

453. Charles, s. of Capt. Joseph and Mrs. Sibbel Taylor, d. 17 Aug. 1777 

in 14th. yr. 

454. Clarissa, d. of Capt. John and Sibbel Taylor, d. 22 July 1777 in 

3rd. yr. 

455. Mr. Daniel Taylor d. 11 Mav 1812 in 46th. yr. 

456. Joseph Taylor d. 27 Sep. 1828 as. 60. 

457. Nancy M. d. of Joseph and Esther Tavlor. d. 4 Dec. 1822 ae. 16. 

458. Mary, wife of Charles Taylor, d. 24 Nov. 1822 as. 29. 

459. Polly, wife of Eliohalet Tisdale. d. 21 Oct. 1831 ce. 46. 

460. Eliphalet Tisdale d. 16 Oct. 1828 ae. 42. 

461. Mary, d. of William and Rachel Townsend, d. 1 Sep. 1786 ae. 16 mos. 






25$ King and Haines Families. [July, 

462. Mr. James Treadway d. 26 May 1728 in 52d. yr. 

463. Mrs. Sarah Treadway, wife of James Treadway, d. 17 Feb. 1753 

in 68th. yr. 

464. Sarah, wife of James Treadway, d. 8 Jan. 1761 in 53d. yr. 

465. Marcy, d. of James and Sarah Treadway, d. 27 June 1750 in 4th yr. 

James Treadway, " Malster from Watertown" (462), had recorded at Colches- 
ter by wife Sarah (468) : 

1. Marv, b. 15 July, 1709. 

2. Sarah, b. 15 Apr. 1711. 

3. Lydia, b. 16 Jan. 1714. 

4. Eunice, b. 4 Nor. 1717. 

5. Lois, b. 2 Feb. 1720. 

6. Elijah, b. 8 Apr. 1722. 

7. Anne, b. 9 Mch. 1724. 

8. Abigail, b. 29 May, 1726. 

" Sarah ye wife of John Swetland who was ye widow Treadway Deceased 
February 28th., 1753, Old Style." 
James Treadway (?sou of 462) m. 4 June 1729 Sarah Mun (464). 

466. Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin Trumbull, Esq., d. 20 Oct. 1828 a?. 46. 

467. Julia, d. of Mr. B. and Mrs. E. Trumbull, d. 7 Oct. 1806 a?. 5 y. 

8 m. 4 d. 

468. John, son of Mr. B. and Mrs. E. Trumbull, d. 11 Sep. 1806 ae. 1 y. 

8 m. 19 d. 

469. Jane, dau. of Benjamin and Elizabeth Trumbull, d. 4 June 1839 ae. 1 6. 

To be continued. 



EXTRACT FROM ENGLISH PARISH REGISTERS RELATING 
TO KING AND HAINES FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Rcfus King, Esq., of Yonkers, New York. 

JBaltonsborougk Parish, Somerset. 

Children of Richard Kinge. 
William, bap. June, 1540. 
Richard, " July, 1545. 
Mary, " February, 1551. 
Christian, " " " 

Rafe, " , 1556. 

1620, William King, Senior, buried. 

1620, Richard Hayne, churchwarden. 

1621, Stephen Kinge, " 

The Curate of Baltonsborough states that there are many later entries 
of the name King. 

East Coher Parish, Somerset. 

1595, Edward Kinge married. 

1596, Bartholomew, son of Edward Kinge. bap. 
1598, John, " " » ' « 

GiUingham Parish, Dorset. 

1594, Sept. 2, William Kinge, son of Christopher Kinge, bap. 















! \£ 



1889.] King and Haines Families. 257 

Combe-Hay Parish, Somerset. 
Baptisms. 

1587, Nov. 14, John Heynes. 

1588, Mar. 16, George Heynes. 

1589, " 28, Hayne (christian name illegible). 

1591, May 20, Marie Heynes. 

1592, Dec. 10, Alice Heynes. 

1593, Feb. 17, Dorothy Haines. 

Shapicick. Parish, Somerset. 
1592, Jan., Anna, filia Jois Tayler, als Kinge, bap. 

1593, , William Kinge and Margereta Showell, mar. 

1594, , Margereta. dau. Will'mi Kinge, bap. 

1594, , " uxor " " bur. 

1595, , " dau. « " " 

1596, , Petra, son Petri Kinge, bap. 

1597, , Will'mus Hatch and Bridgitta Kinge, mar. 

Dundry Parish, Somerset. 
1633, Dec. 2, Mary, dau. William King, of Littleton, bur. 

1640, Ap r . 2, William King, bur. 

1641, Ap r . 14, William King, bur. 

Glastonbury. S*. Benedict Parish, Somerset. 

1622, Oct. 28, William Parsonns and Rose King, mar. 

1623, June 1, Rose, wife of William King, bur. 

Glastonbury, S t John's Parish, Somerset. 
1623, Mar. 8, Richard Kinge, bur. 
1629, Aug. 20, Richard Kinge, bap. 
1629, Mar. — , Elizabeth Joan Kinge, bur. 

Worminghall Parish, Oxfordshire. 
Baptisms. 
1562, Jan. 4, Richard Kyn^e. 
1564, Feb. 12, Elizabetha Kynge. 

1566, Apr. 10, Phylipp Kynge. 

1567, June 20, Alivia Kynge. 

1568, Oct. 23, Phillippe Kynge. 
1570, June 11, Thomas Kvnge. 
1572, Apr. 20, Dorithea Kynge. 
1575, Oct. 3, Edmund Kynge. 

1591, Jan. 17, Henricus filius John Kynge. 

Marriages. 
1616, Nov. 7, Stephanus Radford et Agnetes Kinge. 
1623, Jan. 29, Thomas Kinge and Maria Cook. 

1631, Nov. 10, Laurentius Kinge et Sarah Rippinghall, vidua. 
1647, Nov. 8, Johannis Philips, et Sara Kinge. 

Burials. 
1577, July 14, Edwardus Kynge. 

1592, Jan. 14, Phiilipus Kynge. 
1606, Mar. 22, Elizabetha Kynge. 

1632, Jan. 5, Elizabetha, filia Laurentii King. 






' 



258 Will of George Walderne. [July, 



WILL AND INVENTORY OF GEORGE WALDERNE OF 
ALCESTER, ENG., 

GRANDFATHER OF MAJOR RICHARD VTALDROX, OF DOVER, N. H. 

By Johx B. Newcomb, Esq., of Elgin, 111, 

IK the January number of the Register, pp. 60-64, 1 gave a copy of 
the will and inventory of Foulke Waldron, of Coventry, Warwick- 
shire, Eng., and now give from the Probate Registry at Worcester, 
Eng., a copy of the will and inventory of his grandfather, George 
Walderne, of Alcester, Warwickshire, Eng. This George Walderne 
was also the grandfather of William, the Dover, N. H., recorder, 
and Maj. Richard Waldron, of Dover, who was killed by the 
Indians, 1689. George Walderne married in Alcester, July 8, 
1576, Joan Shallard, and was buried April 12, 1588. Joanne, 
widow (husband's name not given), buried Jan. 27, 1627, in 
Alcester. 

In the Name of God Amen the xi th clave of Aprij in | the yeare of o r 
Lorde God a thowsand & fyve hundred | & fower score and eight I Geordge 
Walderne of Aleest r | in the Dioces of Worcester Sick in my Bodye But 
thancks | bee unto God of a good & p'fect memory doe ordeyne con ] stytute 
and make this my laste Wyll and Testament in | manno 1 and forme fol- 
lowinge. Fyrste I bequeth my Sowle | unto Almigbtye God my Creator 
and to Jesus Christ my Savior j and Redemer and my Boddy to bee buryed 
in the Churche of ] Alcester aforesayed. Item I geeve and bequeth unto 
WilhV Walderne my Sonne and heyre ail those my lands tenements [ and 
hereditaments whatsoever lying and being in the { Towne and prsh of 
Alcester aforesayed and my whyte hey fore wh hey fore to be delyvered unto 
his use and p'fycte | immedyatlye after my decesse. All the rest of my 
goode J moveabell and uumoveabell cattells what soever they bee I | gyve 
and bequeth unto Joa'ne Walderne my wyffe and John | Walderne my 
yeongest Sonne equaly to bee devyded betwen | tbem boeth, my debpts and 
other my funall being pd | and discharged foerth of those my goods and 
cattells | Also my Wyil ys that John Walderne my Sonne shall j have all 
his porcyon of goods dely verd unto him when j hee shall come to the age 
of xvij ten yeares my wyffe having | the use of his portyon of goodes hearin 
gevin untyll hee j shall come to the age of xvij tec yeares putting in suffycient 
| securyty for the same and keping him untyll sutche tyme and yft my 
Wyeffe shall chaunce to marry before the tyme | he shall come to xvij ten 
yeares then shee to delyver all those his goods hearin gyven unto the seyd 
John Walderne my Sonne, and hee to have the use of hit himseeffe. I | 
make my Executrix to this my last Will and Testament | to see my body 6 
buryed my debpts payed Joane Walderne my Wyeffe. 

Debpts owinge mee 

Imp's Hodgkins and Cureles too Butchers of London . . xiij s iiij d 

It M r Clear:: k psun of Kynnerton . . . . iiij 3 ij d 

It Thomas Tyler of Asoncawntley for meat for hi3 wedding . v* iiij d 

It John Honnt on the Rydgway and his ij Sonnes for meat . iiij :iij d 

It To Henry Woode the* Elder . . . . . ff 









I 












1889.] Soldiers in King Philips War. 259 

A trewe Inventory of all suteh goodes and | chattells as Geord<re TVal- 
derne of the Towne j of Alcester dved ceasid of the saroo being | taken and 
sett downe by the p'tyes whose | names are under WFytten geaven the 
xxvj th daye | of Apryll in the xxx !h yeare of the reaygneof | o r Sovereigne 
Lady Elizabeth by the grace of | God of England Fraunce and Ireland 
&c | Quene Defender of the Fay e the as followethe &c | 
Imps xxx &i peaces of pewter valewed att xv 8 

Item ij Brasse Potts valewed att . . . . . . viij* 

Item iiij owld brasse Cawtherns p r ised att . . . vj s viij d 

It iiij Brasse Candlestickes & i skimmer valewed att . . ij viij d 

It xvj tcn peaces of Greene Ware valewed att ... v s iiij d 

It ij tabell boerds & ij frames fower joyned stoles ij chayers ) 

j foerme j Benche w h y e waynescottein y n the liawle & y e r xx 8 

glasse in y e hawle wyndowes p r ised att ) 

It j paver of Cobberds j Broetch & ij payer of Linckes . xx d 

It ij lether bottells j frying pan p r ised att .... xij d 

It ix Coffers xiiij s 

It j Fetherbed xij 8 & iij Flock bedds xv 9 iiij bolsters viij 3 & six pillowes 
vij 3 Six coverletts xxx s six blanketts extre x s iij payer of liecshin sheets 
xx 3 , v paye r of heppen sheets xx 9 , vj paye r of noggan sheets ix 3 , ij Boerd 
cloethes on of flex the other of noggan iiij 3 ij dosen of tabell napkins vj 8 
viij d ij To wells iiij 3 . 

It Fyve pillowes boards iij 3 iiij d Fower quishions & j Bra>he xvij 3 . 

It j clock pr r cde xiij" iiij d j swoerd xij d j saddell xx d Cievers knyves w' all 
other impelments-to his occnpacion ij s viij* 4 hemp unspoon iij" iiij' 1 . 

It eight pownds of fethers ij, 9 viij d ij ^penning wheeles xij d j hatcbe.ll vj d 
j hoope j' 1 j payer of comes ij d j heare seve iiij d j paye ; of boots vj d . 

It iii kyne iiij 1 Fyve yearling calves — Is. Item Corne on y e grownd 
p'ysed att 

Signed Signed Edward Signed 

John J G *—i CE Xptofram 

Grange* Walderne Cartwriffht 



SOLDIERS IX KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. Geokge M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from page 198.] 

No. XX VI. 
Credited with Military Service in the Various Garrisons. 

OF the many garrisons occupied by the English during the war, 
the importance varied according to the movements of the army. 
Marlborough, for instance, was, during the most of the war, a 
rendezvous and general headquarters, and thus it was necessary to 
devote an entire chapter to that, and the operations thereabout. 
Mendon, Brookfield, Hadley, Northampton and several others later, 
like Scarborough and Wells, became prominent by their position as 



260 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



frontiers, or as supply and recruiting stations. It will be understood 
that these items of credit occur in the Treasurer's book mixed with 
other credits under the various officers, &c., and not consecutively, 
as presented here. These garrisons are arranged alphabetically by 
names of places, for the convenience of the reader ; and for the same 
reason, two lists already published in these papers are reprinted 
here. 

At the Garrison at Billerica. 



John Boyd 
James Foply 
Thomas Welch 



John Gale 
John Essery 
Joseph Dowse 
Joseph Low 
James Foply 
John Boyde 
James Barnard 



Humphry Millard 
Daniel Baldwin 



Francis Wainwright 



Howell Davis 

Richard Sautill 
Francis Nichols 
William Chapman 

Francis Bond 

Francis Wainwright 



November Z0, 1675. 

03 00 00 Joseph Dowse 02 14 00 

03 00 00 William Chapman 03 06 00 

02 14 00 David Jones 03 00 00 



December 
03 01 08 
03 06 00 
00 07 08 
03 01 08 
00 06 00 
00 06 00 
03 01 08 



20, 1C75. 
James Smith 
Daniel Caldwin 
John Fisk 
Richard Satell 
Stephen Coolidg 
Richard Livermore 



January 25, 165-6. 

03 18 00 Stephen Coolidg 
01 19 04 

April 24, 1676. 

01 04 00 

June 24, 1676. 

02 11 04 

July 24, 1676. 

00 19 08 John Fisk 

04 16 00 Edward Bishop 

01 10 00 Ephraim Jones 

August 24, 1676. 
06 11 00 George Wyatt 

September 23, 1676. 
06 12 00 



00 07 00 
03 00 00 
03 06 00 
03 12 00 
03 06 00 
02 14 00 



02 01 00 



01 06 06 
00 06 00 
05 14 00 



05 14 00 



At the Garrison at Brookfield, or " Quabaug.' 



John Weld 



John Rayman 
James Kelling 
Ezekiel Levett 



February 29, 1675-6. 

00 08 06 

June 24, 1676. 

01 00 00 John Norton 
05 01 00 John Mansell 
01 04 00 



01 09 00 
01 18 00 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



261 



July 24 


, 1676. 




01 00 


06 


John Algar 


03 02 06 


01 01 


04 


Thomas Stacie 


01 12 00 


00 00 


04 


Silvester ILiies 


04 10 00 


00 07 


00 


John Simple 


03 02 06 


00 04 


03 


John Glide 


05 08 00 


01 08 


00 


Benjamin Backnall 


04 15 00 


01 04 


00 


Ephraine Savage Lt. 


04 07 09 


0) 04 


00 


Christopher Cole 


03 02 06 


Oo 00 


00 


Charles BliiiCO 


04 13 00 


0.3 03 


06 


John Mansell 


01 10 00 


00 17 


00 


Nathaniel Partridge 


05 08 00 


04 10 


00 


John Sargent 


03 02 06 


03 15 


00 


John Cromwell 


02 09 09 


03 15 


03 


Charles Duckworth 


02 09 06 


01 12 


06 


Edward Blancher 


05 10 00 


04 12 


06 


David Crouch 


02 06 02 


04 19 


04 


David Jones 


07 06 06 


04 12 


06 


Philip Sandy 


. 05 08 00 


04 12 


06 


Thomas Phillips 


00 18 00 


05 07 


00 


John Cutler 


05 09 03 



Joseph Hide 
Isaac Perkins 
George Norton 
Nicholas Rawlins 
Benjamin Dunnage 
John Axtsell 
Benjamin Dunnage 
Thomas Scott 
Thomas Cooper 
Thomas Philips 
Joseph Garfell 
Benjamin Pickerin 
Charles Duckworth 
John Cromwell 
John Norton 
"William Bodkin 
John J e fiery 
Joseph Svvady 
Ebenezer Engellsbee 
Henry Pellington 

At the Garrison at Ciii.lmsford. 
November 20, 1675. 
Moses Cleaveland 02 12 08 Samuel Parris 



Zachariah Shedd 
John Ellis 
Richard Nevers 
Joseph Samson 
Thomas Sawin 
Thomas Train 

Francis Nichols 
Hezekiah Pilsbury 
Joseph Estman 
John Martin 
Benjamin Allin 
Amos Singlater 
Nathaniel Ladd 



John Bear 
John Darling 
George Wyatt 
Samuel Parry 
Robert Shelston 
Walter Davis 
Thomas Wenniore 
Benjamin Lernett 
Moses Cleaveland 

VOL. XLIII. 



November 30, 1675. 



03 00 00 

04 10 0.) 

03 00 00 

04 10 00 
03 00 00 
03 00 00 



Joseph Simons 
John Roby 
John George 
Hopewell Davis 
William Fisher 
Henry Harris 



December 20, 16/5. 
02 11 04 Thomas Estman 
Richard Beach 
William Foster 
Henry Harris 
Joseph Lamsou 
Hopewell Davis 



01 C4 00 
01 04 00 
01 04 00 
01 04 00 
Oi 04 00 
01 04 00 

January 25, 1675-6. 

00 09 04 John Eliot 
00 09 04 Joseph Simons 



00 09 04 

01 00 06 

02 09 08 
00 09 04 
00 09 04 
04 16 00 
02 08 10 

23 



John Salendine 
Arthure Crouch 
William Ballard 
Moses Cleaveland 
Richard Nevers 
John George 
Thomas Train 



02 12 08 



03 00 00 
01 04 00 

04 16 00 
04 16 00 
04 16 00 
04 16 00 

01 04 00 
03 08 06 
00 06 00 
00 06 00 
00 12 00 
00 06 00 



01 17 08 

01 15 02 

02 14 00 
02 14 00 
02 08 00 
00 06 00 
02 08 00 
02 04 06 
02 08 00 






. 



262 



Soldiers in Iiiag Philip's War. 



[July, 



John Welch 

Thomas Henchman 
Joseph Parker Sen r . 



Daniel Woodward 
Josiah Clarson 
Henry Harris 
Samuel Cleveland 
John Clark 
Henry Sparkes 
John Mirecke 



John Solinden 
William Fisher 
Arthure Crouch 
John George 
Thomas Traine 
Samuel French 
John Elliot 



Nicholas Lunn 
John Mi rick 
John Barbene 
Joseph Simons 



John Priest 
William Peirce 



David Falkner Sen* 



Andrew Lewis 



John Lowell 



Edward Milton 



February 20, 1675-6. 

00 07 03 Ephraim Matson 01 04 00 

March 24, 1675-6. 

01 10 00 Joseph Parker Jun r . 00 12 00 
00 12 00 

June 24, 1676. 

03 08 06 Robert Parker 00 10 00 

03 16 02 Nathaniel Graves Capt. 12 01 00 

03 12 10 Timothy Day 01 16 00 

03 07 OS George" Stedman 02 12 02 

03 12 00 John Polly 02 18 00 

03 12 00 George Parson 01 16 00 

03 13 08 

July 24, 1676. 

06 12 00 John Priest 05 02 00 

06 12 00 George Sowder 04 03 00 

06 12 00 Samuel Damman 03 10 00 

06 12 00 Subali Stearnes 03 Do 00 

06 12 00 Samuel Heberd 04 00 06 

03 08 06 George Person 04 00 06 

03 18 00 Alexander Alhort 02 10 06 

August 24, 1676. 

03 10 00 Henry Harris 03 00 10 

06 00 00 Samuel Perry 03 18 00 

06 13 08 John Polly 00 18 10 

03 18 00 John Barbene 05 04 06 

September 23, 1676. 

02 08 00 John Bateman 07 11 00 

07 12 06 

"At Dediiam:." 
July 24, 1676. 

04 09 06 David Falkner Jun r . 03 03 06 

September 23, 1675. 

02 14 00 

At Blackpoynt. 
July 24, 167f>. 
06 02 06 Ezekiell Hamlin 06 00 00 

August 24, 1676. 

03 05 02 



Anthony Baker 



At the Garrison at Dunstable. 

January 25, 1675-6. 
06 15 04 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



263 



John Cary 



Samuel Selsby 
John Gary 
John Maloone 



Robert Parris 



John Maloone 
Robert Parris 
Abraham Parker 



February 29, 1675-6. 

03 03 04 

June 24, 167G. 

01 04 00 Jonathan Crisp 
05 12 02 James Mathews 
08 15 OS Thomas Webb 

August 24, 1676. 

04 12 06 Abraham Parker 

September 23, 1676. 

02 18 00 James Carr 
04 12 06 John Barnard 
04 12 06 Ephraim Sawyer 



02 07 00 

03 18 00 
05 10 00 



04 12 06 



02 14 00 
02 14 00 

02 14 00 



At the Garrison at Groton. 

November 9, 1675. 
Samuel Read 01 16 00 John Largin 

John Bush 03 07 08 Timothy Forgley 

Samuell Bull 02 04 06 Samuel* Whitney 



Thomas Chamberlain 
Jeremiah Morse 
Thomas Bancroft 
John Wood 
Josiah Wheeler 
Hugh Taylor 
Jacob Dane 
David Church 
Shuball Sternes 
Thomas Wood 



John Codington 
Jonathan Parker 
Ephraim Bemish 
Timothy Frogly 
Jobu Tedd 
Samuel Hagar 
Israel Hill 



November 
02 09 08 
02 02 00 

00 10 00 

01 13 04 

02 12 02 

03 01 08 

03 00 00 

04 10 00 
03 00 00 
03 01 08 

December 
01 15 02 
03 08 00 
03 08 04 

01 16 00 
03 06 00 
03 06 00 

02 06 02 



30, 1675. 
William Gill 
John Hawes 
Onesiphorus Stanly 
John Dammon 
Daniel Starling 
Jonathan Sprague 
Thomas Dunnell 
Jacob W in slow 
Pelatiah Smith 
Thomas Micheson 

20, 1675. 

Daniel Canada 
Nathaniel Domton 
Sebread Taylor 
Thomas Frost 
Samuel Aliin 
William Doule 
William Halford 



02 04 06 
02 02 00 
00 04 04 



03 07 08 
01 10 00 
03 05 02 
03 01 03 
03 03 04 
03 00 00 
03 00 00 
03 06 00 
03 00 00 
03 05 02 



04 10 00 
03 00 00 
03 00 00 
03 12 CO 
03 09 04 
03 00 00 
03 18 00 



Benjamin Simons 
Lot Johnson 
Samuel Bull 
Samuel Cleaveland 
Daniel Canada 
Jacob Dane 
•"eremiah Moss 



January 25, 1675-6. 

02 08 00 Simon Stone 03 18 00 

03 00 00 Samuel Hager CO 18 00 
02 02 00 Ephraim Bemis 00 12 00 
02 08 00 Subaeli Stearnes 01 10 00 
00 18 00 Thomas Frost 00 07 08 
00 18 00 Timothy Frogly 00 07 08 
00 06 00 David Church 01 06 06 



264 



Soldiers in King Philip's War, 



[July, 



February 29, lC7o-C>. 



" Under Capt. 


WlIKF.LKR AND AT GrOTON GARRISON." 




Natfc Hill 


01 12 10 Samuel Fletcher Juu r 


01 


\'2 10 


Jonathan Hill 


01 12 10 Eleazer Brown 


01 


19 04 


Joseph Foster 


01 12 10 Cyprian Stevens 


00 


14 03 


John Waldo 


01 12 10 Benjamin Graves 


01 


19 04 


Francis Dudly 


01 12 10 John Bates 


01 


12 10 


Samuel Fletcher Sen r 


01 04 05 Stephen Goble 
April 24, 1076. 


01 


12 10 


Thomas Foster 


03 00 00 Jonafh Crisp 


02 


10 06 


Eleazer Ball 


00 0(3 00 Daniel Adams 
June 24, 1676. 


00 


06 10 


Zachary Crisp 


02 15 08 John Hands 


01 


06 06 


Mathias Smith 


01 06 06 Morris Truelove 


01 


06 06 


Nathaniel Green 


01 12 06 Joseph Pollard 


01 


11 00 


William Clough 


01 06 06 Moses Wheat 


02 


08 00 


John Goff 


01 11 00 Humphrv Millard 


00 


06 10 


James Chever 


01 11 00 Thomas Region 


02 


14 00 


Edmund Gage 


01 06 06 Timothv Cutler 


02 


08 OS 


William Bordman 


01 02 03 Richard Griffeth 


01 


16 10 


Benjamin Graves 


01 10 00 

July 24, 1676. 






Richard Pasmore 


04 04 00 John Potter 


01 


04 00 


John Bush 


01 02 00 Symon Willard 


01 


19 00 


At 


the Garrison at Hadlet. 
June 24, 1676. 






Benjamin Chamberlain 


06 12 00 

July 24, 1676. 






John Chub 


08 12 02 Josepli Smith 


12 


03 04 


John Records 


09 00 00 Philip Kertland 


03 


17 00 


Joshuah Phillips 


13 04 00 Thomas Chard 


05 


17 00 


Isaiah Toy 


05 11 00 John Upham 


12 


06 00 


Try all Newberry 


14 OS 00 John Chamberlain 
August 24, 1676. 


13 


06 00 


Jacob He wens 


07 05 04 Ephraim Resjiment 


07 


09 02 


Thomas North 


10 16 00 John Kadlock 


11 


04 GO 


Benjamin Poole 


09 18 00 Thomas Staines 


04 


10 04 


Robert Coates 


09 14 06 Johu Largin 


04 


00 90 


Nicholas Dourell 


08 02 00 
September 23, 1676. 




' 


Thomas Bryaut 


13 10 00 Thomas Pore 


13 


16 0C 


Richard Snowden 


10 16 00 John Whitteridge 


11 


08 00 


John Strabridg 


02 00 00 Stephen Grover 


14 


07 00 


Joseph Griffin 


07 16 00 Moses Morgan 


05 


13 00 


Robert Bardell 


16 07 00 Johu Prat 


16 


16 00 


James Moult 


11 07 00 James Verin 


08 


08 0C 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War, 



265 



Jeremiah Clothar 


12 OG 00 Joseph Ilovey 


00 08 06 


Benjamin Lathropp 


03 18 00 Moses Dudee 


04 04 00 


Hugh Pike 


14 11 00 Henry White 


14 14 00 


John Trickey 


0G 00 00 Thomas Jones 


14 12 00 


John Fisher 


08 0G 00 John Bill 


11 15 00 


William Chub 


06 04 00 Archebell Forest 

" At Hatfield." 
July 24, 1676. 


05 18 00 


William Batt 


03 00 00 
September 23, 1676. 




Robert Dawes 


08 18 00 Jabez Masgrove 


14 12 00 


Edward Bishop 


06 17 00 Richard Smith 

At Lancaster Garrison. 
October 19, 1675. 


14 15 00 


Peter Jennings 


00 18 00 Thomas Wenmon 


01 04 00 


Joseph French 


01 03 03 Richard Grotis 


01 04 00 


Walter Davis 


00 IS 00 Thomas Whitney 


01 10 00 


John Nash 


01 04 00 Henry Elliott 


03 00 00 


George Wiatt 


01 04 00 Joseph Birch 


00 06 00 


Edward Young 


01 04 00 
November 30, 1675. 




Michael Berstow 


01 16 00 John Beare 


01 16 00 


Stephen Parker 


01 14 02 Munnings Sawyer 


01 16 00 


Palsgrave Wellington 


01 16 00 George Wyatt 


01 04 00 


inline xy Salter 


* 01 16 00 > 

December 20, 1675. 




Thomas Wenmon 


01 16 00 Peter Jennings 


01 16 00 


Walter Davis 


01 16 00 Thomas Whitney 
January 25, 1675-6. 


01 16 00 


John Roberts 


03 01 08 Francis Nichols 


01 10 00 


Stephen Fish 


03 00 00 Thomas Woods 


00 18 00 


Nathaniel Hadlock 


03 01 08 Walter Davis 


01 03 02 


John Fitch 


03 01 08 Henry Salter 


01 08 02 


John Stanwood 


03 01 08 Munning Sawen 


01 15 02 


Zacharia Eyres 


03 01 08 Phlsgfave Willington 


01 15 02 


Stephen Parker 


03 01 08 Michael Bairstow 
February 29, 1675-6. 


00 19 08 


Francis Nichols 


00 18 00 Edward Young 


01 18 06 


Thomas Marble 


01 18 06 John Nash 
April 24, 1676. 


01 18 06 


William Pashle 


04 16 00 

June 24, 1676. 




Henry Sparkes 


01 16 10 




VOL. XLIII. 


23* 











i: 















266 



Soldiers in King Philip's War 



[July, 



At the Garrison of Marlbrow. 
September 21, 1675. 



Darby Morris 


01 13 04 Thomas Owen 


04 


13 04 


John Du aster 


02 00 00 Joseph Barber 


02 


14 00 


William Turner 


01 19 04 

October 19, 1675. 






James Cheevers 


02 14 00 Henry Gibbs 


03 07 00 


Thomas Turner 


02 12 02 Richard Roberts 


04 


04 00 


William Blockwell 


03 02 06 
November 30, 1675. 






Timothy Laskin 


04 13 04 Jacob Adams 


04 


13 04 


William Ferman 


02 08 00 Jonathan Jackson 


04 


13 Ol- 


Samuel French 


03 00 00 Daniel Wright 


04 


IS 04 


Richard Young 


03 12 00 John Figg 


01 


10 00 


David Roff 


03 02 00 John Broughton 
January 25, 1675-6. 


02 


12 02 


John Baker 


03 08 06 Daniel Davison, 






Richard Young 


03 06 00 "Commiss." 


05 


06 00 


Henry Gibbs 


02 19 00 Jonathan Orris 


03 


12 00 


John Nash 


00 18 00 Richard Roberts 


02 


16 06 


Jonathau Jackson 


01 05 08 William Turner 


04 


16 00 


Obadiah Searle 


06 08 00 

February 29, 1765-6. 






Robert Rownden 


07 04 00 William Farman 


03 


17 00 


Thomas Owen 


02 18 02 Gustin John 
March 24, 1675-6. 


01 


19 04 


Richard Young 


00 13 00 

Jjm7 24,1676. 






Thomas Hopkins 


00 09 00 Benjamin Parmater 


02 03 08 




June 24, 1676. 






Daniel Wright 


02 09 08 Thomas Dennis 
JulyU, 1676. 


01 


05 06 


Timothy Laskin 


02 09 OS John Burges 


03 00 10 




September 23, 1676. 






Morgan Jones 


08 02 00 Joseph Davis 


06 


00 00 


At 


the Garrison at Medfield. 
April 24, 1676. 






Thomas Davis 


02 02 00 John Howell 


02 o: 


Humphrey Richards 


01 16 00 

June 24, 1G76. 






Clement Maxfield 


00 18 00 Thomas Sherman 


02 


11 04 


James Parker 


02 08 00 Elisha Hollaway 


05 


04 06 


Thomas Davis 


01 15 00 Charles Cohon 


03 


18 10 


Vincent Shuttleworth 


02 11 04 Thomas Jones 


03 


04 02 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



267 



James Harrington 
Charles Cahau 
James Parker 
Moses Hubbard 



Samuel Procter 
Alexander Mackenny 



July 24, 167G. 

02 11 04 Edward Goose 

01 10 00 John Belcher 

01 10 10 Darby Morris 

00 18 00 Samuel Smith 

August^ 1G7G. 

01 08 00 Anthony Hancock 

02 02 00 Samuel Smith 

September 23, 1G76. 



02 1G 06 
00 10 02 

03 03 00 
03 06 00 



06 13 08 
01 17 08 



Daniel Meginny 


00 18 


00 


John Richardson 


04 


04 00 


Thomas Sherrard 


00 12 


00 


Israel Hill 


02 


14 10 


Edward Goose 


01 16 


10 


James Marshall 


02 


05 04 


Darby Morris 


01 17 


08 


Vincent Shuttleworth 


02 


01 00 


James Harington 


02 12 


02 








At the 


Garrison at Mendam (Mendon). 
September 14, 1675. 






John Harrison, Serg* 


02 06 


06 


David Land on 


00 


18 00 


Henry Tite 


01 10 


10 


Thomas Hansett 


01 


03 00 




October 19, 1675. 






Jonathan Dunning 


01 00 


06 


Thomas Plinly 


00 


11 00 


John Tuckerman 


02 12 


03 


Henry Pettington 






Samuel Moore 


03 02 


06 


(Pelliugton) 


01 


12 06 


Joseph Griffin 


02 04 


06 


John Starr 


00 


11 00 


John Gosse 


00 11 


00 


Edward Barton 


05 


02 06 




December 


20, 1675. 






William Bosway 


04 14 


02 


John Andrews 


04 


11 06 


Jonathan Dunning 


04 04 


00 


John Sawen 


00 


10 00 


John Roulstone 


04 04 


30 


Simon Stone 


00 


10 00 


William Jaques 


04 16 


00 


John Stearnes 


00 


10 00 


Richard House 


05 06 


10 


John Willington 


00 


10 00 


Richard Godfrey 


02 02 


10 


Samuel Goff 


00 


12 00 


Jonathan Torry 


01 14 


02 


John Gepson 


00 


10 00 


Thomas Beedle 


02 02 


10 


Samuel Thacher 


00 


10 00 


John Weld 


01 10 


00 


Stephen Cooke 


00 


10 00 


Thomas Hanchat 


01 13 


04 


Thomas Browne 


00 


10 00 


Israel Leavitt 


02 08 


00 


James Waumesly 


01 


07 04 


Brian Morphy 


02 08 


00 


John Long 


00 


10 00 


Joseph Griffin 


04 07 


00 


Thomas Crassell 


00 


10 00 


Gilbert Foresight 


04 01 


00 


John Ellis 


05 


06 03 




January 25, 1675-6. 






Thomas Andrews 


04 04 


00 


John Low 


02 


02 10 


Henry Pellington 


04 04 


00 


Theophilus Cushing 


02 


02 10 


Thomas Jones 


00 13 


04 


William Cole 


01 


16 00 


Thomas Brideltine 


00 18 


00 










February 29, 1675-6. 






William Cole 


01 10 


00 


John Tuckerman 


00 


06 00 



26'8 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 





June 24, 1676. 






John Roulstone 


01 10 00 Benjamin Dyer 


00 


12 00 


At the 


Garrison at Northampton. 
September 23, 1676. 






Samuel Souch 


14 11 00 John Rowlston 


08 


13 00 


Philip Matoon 


08 02 00 Samuel Tiley 


08 


02 00 


William Halford 


10 16 00 John Roberts 
At Punckapauge. 
March 24, 1675-6. 


08 


19 06 


John Paison 


00 13 00 

April 24, 1676. 






James Pemerton 


00 09 03 Benjamin Badcock 


00 


09 00 


John Clark 


00 09 03 Robert Parker 


00 


09 00 


Samuel Trescott 


00 09 00 George Witty 


00 


09 00 


Joseph Adams 


00 09 00 Samuel Maxfield 


00 


09 00 


John Basse 


00 09 00 Clement Maxfield 


00 


09 00 


Joseph Long 


00 09 00 Samuel Gulliver 


00 


13 00 


John Spurr 


00 09 00 Jeremiah Hall 


00 09 00 


Joseph Holmes 


00 09 00 John Daniel 


00 


09 00 


Thomas Swift 


00 15 00 Henry Roberts 


00 


09 00 


Robert Braine 


00 09 00 Samuel Clap 


00 


12 00 


Thomas Holman 


00 13 00 George Lyon 


00 


09 00 


John Winchester 


00 09 00 Samuel Picher 


00 


09 00 


Stephen Gulliver 


00 09 00 Thomas Lawrence 


00 


09 00 


Samuel Wads worth 


01 16 00 Jonathan Picher 
June 24, 1676. 


00 


09 00 


John Riply 


00 13 00 Joseph Crosby 


00 


13 00 


Martin Sanders 


00 13 00 Samuel Hall " 


00 


09 00 


John Thare 


00 09 00 Christopher Webb 


00 


09 00 


Thomas Drake 


00 13 00 John Mills 


00 


13 00 


Jacob Nash 


00 13 00 John Belcher 


00 


06 04 


Joseph Penniman 


00 13 00 Ebenezer Williams 


00 


09 00 


Isaac Griffin 


00 09 00 Thomas Modsly 


00 


09 00 


Moses Pain 


00 09 00 John Ripley 


04 


10 00 


Samuel Pain 


00 09 00 Martin Sanders 
August 24, 1676. 


04 


L0 00 


David Walsbery 


00 09 00 John Herse 


00 


13 00 


Isaac Umpphre ats 


Roger Bulling 


00 


13 00 


Humphry 


00 09 00 Edward Brinkford ats 






Hopestill Clapp 


00 09 00 Linsford 


00 


06 04 


John Wells 


00 09 03 Thomas Berd 


00 


07 06 


John Minott 


00 13 00 Hopestill Humphry 


00 


09 00 


Ephraim Newton 


00 09 00 Joshuah Hinsher 


00 


09 00 


Israel Meade 


00 09 00 Robert Wiilts 
September 23, 1676. 


00 


09 00 


James White 


00 13 00 Charles Davenport 


00 


09 00 


Joseph Tucker 


00 09 00 Thomas DaviDport 


00 


09 00 



1889.] Soldiers in Kiiuj Philip's War. 

At the Garrison at Springfield. 
February 29, 1 G75-6. 
John Lowden 01 10 00 

March 24, 1G75-6. 
01 04 00 



269 



Jonathan Tainter 



Samuel Irons 
John Pitcher 
Joseph Holmes 
Josiah Roekwood 
Joseph Wellington 
John Pinchon Maj r 
William Pilsbery 
John White 



John Bradshaw 
Samuel Jewell 



Daniel Galusha 
Jeremiah Norcross. 



Nathaniel Lyon 
Thomas Elliott 
Isaac Cakebread 
Thomas Friend 



June 24, 1G76. 



09 01 16 

10 15 00 
10 07 04 
10 16 00 
13 17 00 
21 14 03 

10 07 00 

11 18 00 



John Cragge 
George Seddon 
Isaac Gleson 
Joseph Pike 
John Smith 
Gersliom Swan 
John Lowden 



July 24, 1G76. 

10 14 04 Matthew Abdee 

13 05 00 

August 24, 1676. 

14 05 00 Roger Prosser 

12 03 00 

September 23, 1G76. 

13 16 00 Benjamin Knowlton 
16 16 00 Thomas Bond 

16 16 00 John Mirick 
08 08 00 



08 13 00 
11 09 08 
17 04 09 

10 04 04 

09 01 06 

11 06 06 

12 09 00 



12 02 00 



03 02 06 



16 12 00 

13 10 00 

14 12 00 



John Langworthy 

Solomon Bates 
Abraham Kingston 
Joseph Chamberlain 



George Manning 
James Hadlock 
William Rogers 
Thomas Norton 



At the Garrison at Westfield. 
July 24, 1676. 
13 01 00 



August 24, 1676. 
12 06 00 John Lamb 

12 06 00 Nathaniel Osborn 
14 08 00 

September 23, 1676. 

13 05 03 Robert Hastings 
02 07 00 Thomas Watts 
13 02 00 William Peacock 
13 18 00 Fearnot King 



Daniel East 



At the Garrison at Woodcock's. 
August 23, 1675. 
00 11 02 



Jonathan Freeman 



September 3, 1675. 
00 10 04 



12 13 09 
16 05 08 



06 09 00 

07 10 00 

14 14 00 

15 16 00 



270 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



Daniel "Wight 
William Arnold 
Daniel Hawes 



Samuel Colbron 
Nathaniel Weare 
Ellis Barron 
Richard Benner 



September 14, 1675. 
00 10 04 Samuel Guild 
00 12 OS John Fuller 
00 10 04 

Jane 24, 167G. 
00 10 02 

July 24,1670. 
00 19 04 Henry Chamberlain 

August 24, 1676. 
00 16 02 

September 23, 1676. 
00 10 00 



00 10 04 
00 10 04 



At the Garrison at Wading River. 
September 14, 1675. 
Thomas Mudg 02 10 06 John Leroby 

Simon Grover 02 10 06 Benjamin Bridgham 



John Starr 
John Mason 
John Allin 
Thomas Phinly 
John Goff 



Anthony Hancock 
John Ellis 
John Mason 



John Parker 



Isaac Heath 



John Starr 
John Hammon 
Clement Hamlin 



John Bacon 



John Allin 
Robert Ware 
Mark Baker 



Garrison at Wrentham. 
November 20, 1675. 
04 16 00 John Hammon 

Thomas Wadduck 
John Ellis 
Edward Gros3 



05 06 03 
05 06 03 
04 16 00 
04 16 00 



January 25, 1675-6. 

01 18 06 Thomas Hoppin 

02 02 00 Israel Hill 

01 16 10 John Hammon 

February 20, 1675-6. 

02 08 00 

April 24, 1676. 
00 07 08 John Ellice 

June 24, 1676. 
02 01 00 David Faukner 
02 08 00 John Parker 

04 04 00 

July 21, 1676. 
00 12 00 

September 23, 1676. 

05 02 00 Peter Buckly, of the 
04 16 10 ' Traine 

00 12 00 



03 18 00 



02 10 06 

00 18 00 



05 06 03 

04 19 04 

05 06 03 
01 11 08 



02 14 00 
02 01 00 
02 02 00 



02 19 00 



01 04 00 

02 07 00 



00 18 00 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



271 



Assignment of Wages. 

The following lists show the custom of the times. The towns 
assumed the payment of the waives of its own soldiers, to their 
families left at home ; the families thus receiving sure and immediate 
aid, and the towns being credited to that amount upon their colonial 
"rates," or taxes. It was doubtless a means of great help to the 
families, and of saving to the towns, as it secured at once the support 
of the families without public charge, and at the same time the 
prompt payment of taxes. 

The value of these liscs to the historical and genealogical student 
will appear in the evidence they afford as to each man's residence at 
that time. The proof might not be positive in every case, yet in 
general it may be concluded that where a man assigns his wages to 
a town, it is because he considers that Ids place of residence. 

August 24, 167G. 











£ 


s. d. 


Braintree-Towne 


Cr 


. By Sundrj 


• accp t3 Viz. 


42 


17 06 


Edward Bishop p d him 


as 


g 


Robert Parker 




03 09 10 


Assignment 




06 00 02 


James Franklin 




03 18 06 


Richard Evens " 




01 14 02 


John Lamb 




10 18 10 


George Witty 




00 09 00 


Abraham Kingston 


09 03 09 


Joseph Adams 




00.09 00 


James Atkins 




01 03 06 


John Bass 




00 09 00 


Caleb Raye 




00 16 01 


Jonathan Pitcher 




00 09 00 


Samuel Spencer 




01 01 01 


John Belcher 




00 10 02 


Martin Sanders 




00 06 10 


Samuel Irons 




01 09 01 








Dorehester-Towne Cr. By Sund 


•y accp ts Viz. 


£ 

37 


s. d. 
00 05 


James Haughton p d as 


U 




John Pason 




05 03 00 


Assignment 




00 19 08 


Samuel Triscot 




00 09 00 


Samuel Maxfield 




00 09 00 


Timothy Tilston 




02 05 00 


Clement Maxfield 




01 07 00 


Jonathan Atherton 


02 15 00 


Benjamin Allin 




01 16 10 


Samuel Blake 




02 05 02 


Jeremiah Hall 




00 09 00 


Thomas North 




09 00 01 


Henry Leadbetter 




02 11 00 


John Smith 




00 12 09 


Samuel Rigby 




03 06 08 


John Minot 




00 13 00 


John Spurr 




01 18 00 




£ 


s. d. 


Dedham-Towne Cr 


. By Sundry accp ts Viz. 


70 


07 02 


Timothy Dwite p d him 


as 




Ephraim Pond 




02 08 00 


g Assignment 




17 00 00 


Daniel Hawes 




01 06 06 


Samuel Guile 




06 08 01 


Jonathan Guy 




02 08 00 


Daniel Wight 




02 09 08 


Samuel Col born 




02 04 09 


David Falkner 




03 17 06 


Thomas Bishop 




07 06 09 


David Falkner Jr. 




02 15 06 


Nathaniel Weare 




00 19 04 


John Day 




01 13 06 


John IJatle 




00 12 00 


John Day 




02 14 09 


Jeremiah Fisher 




00 12 00 


John Bacon 




00 12 00 


Benjamin Wight 




00 12 00 



272 



Soldiers in Kin(j Philips War 



[July, 



Ephraim "Wilson 
John Thurston 
Nathaniel Farington 

Edward Sewell 
John Groce 
John Coockow 
James Benin £ 



00 12 00 

00 12 00 

00 12 00 

00 12 00 

00 12 00 

00 04 02 

00 05 00 

Ditto. 



Peter Woodward 
lu< hard Bennett 
Joim Ware 
Jobjn Aldis 
Benjamin Mills 
David Freeman 



Hingham-Towne Cr. By Sundry aeqp** Viz. 

Paul Gilford pd. him as John Dunbarr 

g Assignment 01 03 10 Paul Gilford 

John Charaberiaine 10 09 11 Richard Francis 

Samuel Gill 02 09 06 Benjamin Bates 

John Cutler 15 00 00 John Jacob 

Thomas Thaxter 02 16 00 John Bull 

Samuel Nicholson 02 11 04 

August 23, 1676. 
Hull-Towne Cr. By Sundry accp* 8 Viz. 
James Chever pd. him as James Chever 

g Assignment 00 18 09 John Atige.il 

Heury Chamberlaine 03 18 00 John Jacob 

Ditto. 
Milton-Towne Cr. By Sundry accp ta Viz. 



56 



12 13 



47 



George Lyon pd. him by 
• Assignment 00 09 00 

John lied man 
Samuel Wadsworth 

g Abigail 
Henry Roberts 
John Jourdan 
Walter Mory 
Richard Silvester 
Benjamin Badcock 
Samuel Gul lifer 



Daniel 



John Pitcher 
John Fenno 
Richard Silvester 
John Pitcher 
Thomas Voss 
Samuel Pitcher 
Thomas ilolman 
04 12 08 Ephraim Newton 
03 09 06 Thomas Swift 
00 13 00 Benjamin Badcock 



00 18 00 

16 15 06 

00 09 00 

00 07 00 

00 07 00 



August 24, 1676. 

Medfield-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp* 8 viz. 14 

Johu Plimpton pd. as g Josiah Rockwood 

Assignment 02 14 00 Vincent Shuttleworth 

John Hammon 02 03 00 Edward Groce 

Ditto. 
Roxbury-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp ts Viz. 51 

William Davenport pd. as John Clark 

g Assignment 02 10 00 Hugh Clark 

Samuel Williams 05 01 00 Joseph Lyon 

Joseph Smith 09 IS 02 John Whitney 

Isaac Johnson g his widow 01 05 00 Joim Scott 
John Curtis ' 02 08 01 John Weld 

Ouesiphorus Stanly 01 11 03 Henry Bowen 

Jonathan Fairbanks 03 01 00 Samuel Williams 



00 


17 


02 


03 


11 


00 


01 


14 


03 


02 


08 


00 


01 


03 


06 


01 


03 


06 


18 


o 




02 


03 


11 


02 


19 


00 


01 


00 


00 


05 


15 


02 


07 


17 


uo 


02 


12 

s 


06 


5 09 






02 


05 


00 


03 


12 


00 


02 


00 


00 


1 09 






00 


09 


00 


00 


12 


10 


00 


15 


04 


00 


18 


00 


03 


17 


07 


07 


10 


00 


00 


09 


00 


02 


18 


10 


00 


09 


OC 


01 


02 


06 


00 


09 


00 


04 0G 


> 




03 


14 


08 


02 


11 


04 


02 


16 


06 


17 01 


L 




00 


09 


03 


01 


05 


00 


01 


06 


05 


00 


18 


00 


00 


10 


09 


10 


16 


08 


00 


15 


00 


01 


17 


06 



1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



273 



John Weld 
John Watson 
Richard Hall 
John Newell 
John Pason 



03 06 06 

00 18 00 

05 10 06 

00 17 08 

00 10 00 



John Weld 
Joshuah Lamb 
Andrew Levens 
Robert Seaver 



August 24, 1676. 
Weighmouth-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp t9 viz. 



52 



Benjamin Poole pd. as g 

Assignment 
Thomas Bayley 
John Pinchon Esq 5 " 



Joshuah Philips 
09 18 00 John Record 
01 16 10 John Pinchon Esq r 
12 10 01 Richard Adams 



Ditto. 



Bradford-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp ts viz. 
John Griffin pd. him as g William Smith 

assignment 00 19 03 

Ditto. 
Beverly-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp t9 viz. 

John Rayment 
01 10 00 John Hull 
01 00.00 
Joseph Eaton" 05 18 06 

Jonathan Mosse 01 05 10 



31 



John Dodge pd. as g 

Assignment 
William Dod^e 



John Clark 
Samuel Hebert 
Mark Hascall 



Ditto. 
Glocester-TWn Cr. By Sundry Accp ta viz. 17 

Benjamin Jones pd. as g Philip Stanwood 

Assignment 01 04 00 Samuel Stanwood 

John Fitch 02 15 10 John Day 

John Stanwood 01 02 00 John Hascall 



Hampton-Towne 
Edward Colcord pd. as 

Assignment 
Joseph Cask 
Benjamin Molton 
Ephraim Matson 
John Lovitt 
Israel Blake 
Abraham Drake 
Morris Hobbs 
Francis Jennings 
John Sleeper 
Isrel Clifford 
Micael Towsly 



August 24, 1676. 
Cr. By Sundry Accp ts viz. 



50 



02 00 00 

03 08 06 
03 01 02 
01 03 00 

00 14 00 

01 00 00 

00 13 08 

01 04 00 
00 19 06 
00 18 00 
00 00 00 
00 17 00 



William Sanborn 
Thomas Roby 
John Browne 

Palmer 
Joseph Smith 
James Flobbs 
John Palmer 
Ebenezer Perkins 
John Browne 
Benjamin Sweett 
Samuel Colcord 
Michael Towsly 
Thomas Browne 



Ditto. 



01 11 00 

02 02 10 
01 10 00 
01 02 06 



01 10 

09 19 05 
04 00 00 

10 00 00 
03 17 06 



04 01 



03 

03 02 00 



01 06 

03 11 00 

04 14 02 

03 08 00 

04 00 06 

05 13 06 



05 



10 
03 08 06 

02 11 06 

03 15 00 
02 09 00 



14 03 

01 04 00 
01 04 00 
01 04 00 
08 06 
17 06 

03 05 00 

04 19 04 
15 00 
12 05 

05 01 
01 01 
01 15 00 
03 08 04 



01 
01 



01 

06 



00 
04 



Ipswich-Towne Cr. By Sundry accp ts viz. 
John Chub pd. as g Joseph Fellows 

Assignment *" 00 04 06 Isaac Fellows 

Alexander Alhort 02 10 06 Simon G row 

Samuel Bishop 01 10 00 Joseph Marshall 

VOL. xliii. 24 



15 



09 

01 15 00 

01 05 06 

02 07 05 
04 00 00 












- 


















274 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



Samuel Ingols 
Amos Gourdine 
Edward Neland 
Josiah Clark 
Simon Adams 
Joseph Proctor 
John Browne 
John Potter 
Richard Pasmore 



Linn-TWne Cr. 
Samuel Treson pd as p 

Assignment 
John Linsly 
Philip Cartland 
John Man 
John Burrell 
John Moore 
Thadeus Berry 
Thomas Browne 
Isaac Well man 
Samuel Graves 
Eliazer Linsey 



01 10 10 

01 00 00 

02 00 00 
02 16 06 
06 03 00 

00 17 00 
02 08 00 

01 04 00 

02 12 05 

August 
By Sundry 

03 03 03 

00 18 00 

04 17 08 

02 08 00 

03 06 00 

01 10 00 
03 03 06 
03 11 00 

02 05 00 
01 13 00 
01 16 00 



Jonathan Wade 
Thomas Smith 
Thomas Dennis 
John Line 
John Pengilly 
Joseph Jacob 
Isaac Perkins 
Thomas Philips 
Jacob Wain wright 

24, 1676. 

Accp t3 viz. 59 19 

Isaac Lewis 

Thomas Barker 

Robert Coates 

William Dellow 

Joseph Burrell 

Samuel Fisk 

Elisha Fuller 

Thomas Leonard 

Moses Chadwell 

Daniel Johnson 

Timothy Bread 

James Robinson 



August 24, 1676. 

Marblehead-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp' 
Gregory Sowder pd as p 

Assignment * " 04 03 00 

Ephraim Jones 05 14 00 

Rowland Ravensbee 01 07 04 

Enoch Lawrence 03 00 00 

Thomas Russell 01 14 00 



viz. 
George Cross 
Waiter Emmett 
Augustine Ferker 
John Parmer 
Mark Pitman 
Thomas Stanford 



25 



06 00 10 

01 13 04 

01 05 06 
04 02 06 

03 18 03 

02 00 10 
00 15 04 

04 11 06 
02 14 00 



11 

03 02 00 

04 16 09 
07 08 00 
03 03 06 

01 04 00 
00 16 06 

02 02 04 

00 15 08 

01 01 00 

03 04 00 
03 03 06 
00 11 03 



10 10 

01 16 08 

02 10 00 
04 00 
00 06 
16 10 
04 06 



01 
01 
01 
01 



Ditto. 
Newbury-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp ts viz. 



21 05 



Jonathan Emery pd as p John Wilcott 

Assignment 05 09 00 Richard Browne 

Edmond Browne 03 01 08 Edward Ordway 

Henry Sparkes 03 1; 



08 
00 

Ditto 



Rowly-Towne Cr. By Sundry accp 15 viz. 27 02 

John Wood pd. as p Samuel Cooper 

Assignment 03 15 08 Thomas Lever 

Samuel Smith 03 03 06 Robert Eames 

Daniel Wicomb 04 17 09 Joshuah Boynton 

August 2±, 1676. 
Salem-Towne Cr. By Sundry accp t3 viz. 151 19 

Thomas Fuller pd. as p William Wainwright 

Assignment 01 10 00 William Pilsbury 

John Dodge 03 13 06 Henry Kenny 

Edward Bishop 00 16 00 Joseph Deares 



02 

04 10 00 

03 03 04 

01 09 02 



10 

01 16 00 

03 03 06 

04 17 05 

05 09 00 

04 

02 09 10 

03 17 06 
03 03 06 
01 15 00 









■ 



q 






1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



275 



Abraham Snitchell 


00 


11 


06 


Nicholas Deurell 


07 


18 00 


William Woodbury 


05 


10 


00 


Francis Jefford 


05 


10 09 


John Bullock 


11 


03 


00 


Henry Cooke 


02 


03 00 


Symon Broadstreet Esq r 


01 


10 


00 


Peter Jennings 


04 


02 00 


Nathaniel Pease 


0-1 


06 


00 


Samuel Pickworth 


00 


11 0.6 


William Hathorn 


07 


05 


00 


Richard Norman 


01 


10 00 


Jeremiah Neale 


03 


00 


00 


Joseph King 


01 


16 00 


John Richards 


28 


17 


00 


Robert Pease 


03 


16 06 


George Wyat 


0a 


14 


00 


Francis Nichols 


04 


16 00 


Thomas Robinson 


05 


06 


00 


Francis Bond 


06 


11 00 


Edward Counter 


02 


01 


00 


William Stacie 


00 


12 00 


John Smith 


01 


10 


10 


Abel Oazier 


01 


16 00 


Jacob Pudenter 


01 


04 


00 


Thomas Bell 


01 


16 04 


Thomas Howard 


03 


02 


00 


Thomas Veasie 


02 


18 10 


Joseph Jeffords 


01 


09 


00 














Ditto. 






Topsfield-Towne C 


r. By pd. as p Assignment 






John Wild 


06 


15 


06 












At/gust 24, 1676. 






Wenham-Towe C 


r. Bi 


r pd. as p Assignment 






Thomas Kemball 


02 


07 


03* 


tto. 






Haverell-Towne Ci 


vfcj 


Sundry Accp to viz. 14 


16 08 


Samuel Huchins pd. as p 








Thomas Hartshorn 


00 


12 00 


Assignment 


00 


15 


06 


Richard Alliu 


01 


17 06 


Nathaniel Haseltine 


01 


00 


06 


Robert Swan 


00 


11 10 


Samuel Aires 


00 


08 


06 


Henry Kemball 


01 


06 10 


John Keisar 


00 


08 


06 


Benjamin Grealy 


01 


00 06 


John Clements 


00 


.08 


06 


Jonathan Henrick 


00 


15 04 


Amos Singletons 


00 


05 


00 


John Corly 


00 


15 04 


Nathaniel Lad 


00 


05 


00 


John Roby 


00 


08 06 


Daniel Lad 


00 


05 


00 


Samuel Ladd 


03 


17 00 


George Brown 


00 


13 


00 


Thomas Kinsbury 


01 


12 04 


John Johnson 


00 


02 


06 


Robert Swan 


01 


04 00 


Philip Esman 


00 


15 


04 


John Haseltine 


01 


04 00 


Benjamin Singletorry 


00 


15 


04 


Samuel Watts 


00 


13 06 


Thomas Durston 


00 


17 


10 


Joseph Bond 


00 


13 06 


Thomas Eastman 


01 


04 


00 














Ditto. 






Andover-Towne Cr. By Sundry Accp* 8 viz. 25 


19 00 




John Lovejoy pd. as p 








Roger Mark 


02 


09 00 


Assignment 


01 


10 


00 


John Matson 


02 


14 00 


Stephen Johnson 


01 


02 


06 


Joseph Parker 


01 


10 00 


Samuel Phelpes 


02 


14 


00 


Nathaniel Stephens 


02 


09 06 


John Preson 


02 


10 


00 


Ebenezer Barker 


02 


02 00 


Zechariah Ay res 


01 


10 


00 


James Fry 


02 


14 00 


Joseph Abbott 


02 


14 


00 










Aug) 


ist 24, 1676. 






Biilerrica-Towne Cr. By Sundry accp ts viz 05 


06 04 




Nathaniel Hill pd. as p 








John Saunders 


02 


14 00 


Assignment 


00 


12 


10 


Thomas Farmer 


01 


19 06 



276 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



Ditto. 



Cainbridge-Towne 


Cr. By Sundry accp ts viz. 113 


04 01 


Thomas Frost pd. as p 






David Mead 


00 09 04 


Assignment 


01 


00 06 


John Dowgin 


00 09 04 


Jonathan Lawrence 


01 


14 06 


Justinian Holding 


00 07 06 


Crackbone 


00 


05 00 


Isaac Beech 


00 09 04 


Samuel Prentice 


00 


09 04 


William Rider 


00 10 02 


John Gibson 


01 


12 10 


John Streeter 


03 17 05 


Philip Russell 


02 


06 00 


Samuel Goft 


01 00 00 


William Bordman 


01 


02 03 


Edward Goft 


01 13 04 


John Dickson 


01 


01 04 


Daniel Woodward 


02 05 00 


Nathaniel Green 


01 


12 06 


John Stedman 


01 17 00 


Mathew Abdee 


05 


16 01 


Joseph Cooke 


04 02 00 


Thomas Earns 


01 


08 04 


Peter Towne 


00 07 06 


Thomas Frost 


00 


09 06 


John Cragg 


04 17 00 


John Jones 


00 


09 04 


Ephraim Philips 


01 15 06 


Christopher Muskins 


02 


06 09 


Robert Robins 


00 09 04 


Justinian Houldin 


00 


15 08 


Samuel Gibson 


00 03 04 


John Salter 


02 


10 04 


Joseph Pratt 


00 15 04 


John Bradshaw 


06 


11 04 


Nathaniel Green 


01 08 06 


Joseph Holmes 


04 


06 04 


Isaac Gleson 


06 18 10 


Zechariah Paddlefoot 


01 


02 06 


Jacob Hill 


05 12 00 


Daniel Woodward 


03 


08 06 


Justinian Houlding 


01 15 06 


John Watson 


00 


14 00 


Edward Mitchensonn 


03 15 00 


James Chevers 


01 


16.08 


Samuel Green 


01 16 07 


William Hely 


02 


07 05 


Abraham How 


02 10 00 


Ambros Mackfassett 


02 


13 02 


Samuel Green 


03 15 00 


Samuel Cooper 


02 


17 00 


Daniel Gookin Esq 1 . 


03 07 06 


Jonathan Remington 


05 


17 08 








August 24, 1676. 




Chelmsford-Towne 


Cr. By Sum: 


ry accp 13 viz, 05 


05 06 


Joseph Plide pd. as p 






Jacob Wilier 


02 15 00 


Assignment 


01 


0C 06 


John Barrett 


01 10 00 






Ditto. 




Concord-Towne Cr. By 


Sundrv 


' accp" viz. 45 06 04 


John Wheeler pd. as p 






Nathaniel Billing 


04 10 00 


Assignment 


01 


07 06 


Willi am Kean 


04 14 06 


Joseph Wheeler 


02 


09 00 


John Hadiock 


06 12 03 


Abraham Temple 


02 


02 00 


Joseph Chamberlain 


08 06 11 


Thomas Wheeler jun r . 


04 


00 00 


Stephen Goble 


01 12 10 


Daniel Gobely 


01 


10 00 


Benjamin Chamberlain 


06 00 00 


Benjamin Graves 


00 


10 00 


John Lakin 


00 15 00 


James Sawyer 


00 


04 04 


Richard Blood 


00 12 00 






Ditto. 




Charles-Towne Cr. By Sundry 


accp t9 viz. • 308 


15 06 


Cornelius Church pd. as 


p 




Giles Fitield 


00 16 10 


Assignment 


02 


15 09 


Daniel Baldwin 


00 03 04 


Benjamin Switzer 


00 


04 02 


John Newman 


04 07 02 


John Upham 


10 


03 05 


Zechariah Brigden 


00 15 06 


Charles Duckworth 


02 


09 06 


John Walker 


01 06 10 


John Prescott Sen r . 


05 


00 00 


Hugh Taylor 


04 05 06 


John Mirecke 


03 


09 08 


Joseph Lowe 


01 06 11 






10 






1889.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War, 



217 



Samuel Lord 


01 14 10 


Edward Smith 


04 14 00 


Nathan Dunklius 


03 09 10 


Samuel Hunting 


01 01 00 


John Kosse 


01 14 00 


Benjamin Lathrop 


02 08 00 


James Miller 


01 12 10 


William Stephens 


02 15 08 


John Mirick 


0C 00 00 


Samuel 1 Jewell 


03 16 08 


David Crouch 


01 05 00 


Joseph Harris 


01 10 00 


Solomon Phips 


02 09 04 


Henry Salter 


01 04 04 


Jonathan Carj 


01 01 00 


James Miller 


00 10 06 


Hopewell Davis 


01 09 00 


Henry Harris 


03 00 10 


Edward Smith 


00 14 00 


John Long 


02 02 06 


Richard Scott 


02 02 00 


Matthew Griffin 


04 04 09 


Obadiali Wood 


00 15 OS 


Samuel Scripture 


01 15 06 


"William Vines 


01 09 02 


Lawrence Hammond 


05 00 00 


Thomas White 


00 14 00 


William Rawson 


07 02 06 


David Crouch 


03 10 08 


Samuel Jewell 


01 00 00 


Samuel Blaincher 


00 08 10 


Iliujh Taylor 


01 13 08 


Joseph Douss 


02 09 06 


John Cromwell 


02 09 06 


Samuel Cutler 


00 16 10 


John Essery 


02 06 09 


James Killing 


04 09 06 


Nathaniel Graves 


. 12 01 00 


Josiah Wood 


01 03 04 


Joseph Pike 


01 11 00 


John Cromwell 


02 18 00 


John Edes 


00 06 08 


Thomas Rand 


01 04 10 


Joseph Royal 


00 10 02 


Thomas Henchman 


06 15 10 


Arthur Clouch 


06 12 00 


Henry Harris 


02 01 02 


Edward Wilson 


00 09 00 


Nathaniel Douse 


01 07 04 


Ephraim Roper 


04 07 06 


Richard Scott 


03 10 0G 


Silvester Hares 


04 10 00 


Francis PCarle 


00 10 02 


Zechariah Johnson 


00 14 10 


Samuel Dalton 


01 00 07 


Isaac Johnson 


00 05 02 


John Mousall 


00 02 04 


Samuel Hunting 


03 00 00 


David Jones 


05 15 06 


John Simple 


04 18 00 


James Louden 


00 10 00 


Henry Berisford 


01 15 07 


Thomas How 


01 00 00 


Samuel Champine 


00 11 06 


John Barrett 


02 07 01 


John George 


06 12 00 


Thomas Davis 


02 05 00 


William Pusher 


06 12 00 


Zechariah Jone3 


00 05 04 


Joshuah Edmunds 


00 0G 10 


Thomas Wheeler 


01 03 04 


John Goodwin 


02 13 00 


James Richardson 


10 10 00 


James Smith 


05 17 08 


John Spaulden 


02 00 00 


Josiah Smith 


00 08 10 


Zechariah Fowle 


02 10 00 


John Eliot 


03 18 00 


Josiah Hobbs 


03 01 00 


Jacob Amsden 


03 00 00 


John Sellenden 


06 12 00 


William Clough 


00 14 00 


John Eliot 


01 18 00 


John Smith 


00 03 04 


Thomas Croswell 


01 12 10 


John Douss 


00 10 00 


John Elliot 


01 13 06 


Joseph Lambson 


01 05 08 


William Chapman 


01 10 00 


Thomas Stacy 


03 15 04 


Isaac Fowl 


00 08 00 


Joseph Lambson 


00 16 03 


Jonathan Johnson 


02 05 04 


William "Whiting 


01 03 04 


Richard Scott 


04 00 00 


Joseph Lampson 


00 12 00 


John Shepheard 


03 12 00 


Zecheriah Brigdon 


02 03 00 


Howell Davis 


02 06 04 


James Richardson 


06 02 06 


Daniel Smith 


03 00 06 


Henry Harris 


03 12 10 


John Tarball 


03 04 10 


Daniel Edmonds 


02 06 08 


William Ward 


03 10 06 


Joseph Pike 


02 07 05 


VOL. XLIII. 


24* 







278 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



August 24, 1G7G. 



Medford-Towne Cr. By ! 


Sundry accp ts viz. 04 02 05 


Evan Jones pd. as p 








James Parker 


02 


17 09 


Assignment 


01 


04 08 










. 


Aug 


ust 24, 1676. 






Maulden-Town 


Cr. By S 


indry accp ts viz. 49 


11 03 




John Winslow pd. as p 








William Green 


00 


17 00 


Assignment 


02 


09 


10 


Phineas Sprague 


00 


17 00 


John Pemberton 


02 


12 


00 


Ellis Barron 


00 


16 02 


John Ross 


02 


09 


00 


Jonathan Sprague 


04 


02 04 


Samuel Hay ward 


01 


19 


04 


Ellis Barron 


02 


02 04 


John Martine 


00 


09 


04 


William Green 


00 


08 06 


Robert Carter 


00 


09 


04 


Phineas Sprague 


00 


07 00 


James Nichols 


00 


08 


06 


John Green 


00 


07 00 


James Winslade 


00 


09 


04 


John Dexter 


00 


07 00 


William Laraby 


00 


09 


04 


Samuel Green 


00 


07 00 


John Wait 


03 


05 


00 


Joseph Wilson 


00 


07 00 


Jonathan Sprague 


00 


18 


10 


John Lind 


00 


07 00 


Triall Nubury 


09 


05 


05 


Thomas Newell 


00 


07 00 


Bernard Pearch 


01 


04 


00 


John Sprague 


00 


07 00 


John Flyode 


10 


19 


08 


Thomas Mudge 


00 


07 00 








Ditto. 






Redding-Towne 


Cr. By Sundry accp ts viz. 12 


17 10 




Daniel Galushah pd. as 


P 






Thomas Hodgman 


01 


08 00 


Assignment 


04 


17 


06 


Samuel Damman 


04 


02 00 


Jonathan Parker 


02 


10 


04 














Ditto. 






Water-To wne Cr. By 


Sundry accp t3 viz. 146 


10 00 




Abraham Williams pd. 


as 






Joseph Wait 


00 


15 04 


P Assignment 


03 


05 


06 


Samuel Sterns 


03 


03 06 


Richard Sawtell 


00 


19 


08 


John Parke 


02 


14 00 


Enos Lawrence 


00 


08 


09 


John Fisk 


04 


13 06 


Jonathan Stimpson 


00 


02 


06 


John Eames 


04 


05 00 


George Woodward 


00 


07 


08 


John Bigello 


00 


09 00 


Thomas Whitney 


00 


02 


06 


Daniel Peirce 


02 


12 06 


William Goddard 


00 


09 


04 


Richard Child 


03 


03 06 


Joseph Willington 


04 


18 


03 


Joseph Garfell 


02 


07 00 


Samuel Whitney 


00 


19 


08 


John Cutting 


00 


18 06 


Zecheriah Cutting 


02 


09 


10 


Daniel Warrin 


00 


09 08 


John Sawin 


03 


03 


06 


Ephraim Bemish 


03 


05 00 


Joseph Peirce 


01 


06 


00 


Joseph Smith 


01 


00 00 


Theophilus Philips 


02 


18 


06 


John Stone 


03 


03 06 


John Prescott 


10 


00 


00 


Thomas Train 


06 


12 00 


Moses Whitney 


02 


16 


00 


Samuel Church 


01 


18 00 


Isaac Leonard 


01 


15 


02 


Michel Bastow 


02 


16 06 


Joseph Bemish 


02 


10 


00 


Thomas Whitney 


00 


04 02 


John Sterns 


01 


07 


00 


John Willington 


02 


08 06 


Jonathan Smith 


01 


10 


00 


John Oynes 


00 


15 08 


William Bond 


01 


00 


00 


Henry Spring 


02 


19 10 


Josiah Jones 


01 


02 


00 


Jonathan Whitney 


03 


08 02 



1889.] 



Genealogy of Richard Baker. 



279 



William Shattucke 


04 


10 00 


Munnin» Sawin 


00 


12 00 


Samuel Teacher 


01 


04 03 


Eliazer Beeres 


00 


12 00 


Jeremiah Norcrass 


09 


05 08 


John Coolidge 


02 


10 00 


Daniel Smith 


01 


05 06 


Seubael Sternes 


03 


01 00 


William Price 


02 


13 00 


John Hastings 


00 


19 08 


John Stone 


01 


10 10 


Stephen Coolidge 


01 


02 02 


Thomas Chadwick 


01 


10 10 


John Oyne 


02 


00 00 


Samuel Perry 


03 


18 00 


Thomas Swann 


01 


08 10 


William Bull 


00 


04 02 


John Bright 


04 


10 00 


William Price jun r 


01 


07 03 


Daniel Gookin Esq r . 


02 1 


LI 021 


Samuel Perry 


01 


05 06 


Samuel Wood 


00 13 OIJ 




August \ 


M-, 1667. 






Wooborn-Towne Cr. B5 


' Sundn 


r accp u viz. 107 


12 08 


John Earbene pd. as p 






Josiah Ciarson 


02 


07 10 


Assignment 


03 


19 02 


Joseph Simons 


02 


07 10 


John Malioone 


08 


02 08 


Josiah Ciarson 


03 


11 02 


John Baker 


03 


00 00 


William Butler 


02 


19 02 


Robert Sirason 


03 


12 00 


Increase Winn 


01 


12 10 


Joseph Simons 


04 


17 00 


Benony Macktonell 


02 


09 06 


John Cutler 


04 


15 02 


Thomas Parker 


03 


11 03 


Benjamin Simons 


02 


12 00 


Joseph Richardson 


03 


01 OS 


Joseph Winne 


00 


14 00 


Thomas Hall 


01 


06 00 


John Priest 


03 


05 00 


Thomas Pierce 


00 


14 03 


John Kendall 


02 


16 10 


John Richardson 


00 


17 00 


John Polly 


01 


06 00 


Increase Wing 


00 


14 03 


John Bateman 


02 


02 00 


Richard Francis 


02 


00 00 


John Polly 


00 


18 10 


Nathaniel Richardson 


00 


14 03 


Joseph Waters 


02 


13 09 


Samuel Richardson 


00 


10 00 


Abraham Parker 


04 


10 10 


John Priest 


05 


02 00 


Isaac Brookes 


01 


01 06 


Moses Cleaveland 


03 


03 06 


Joseph Wright 


04 


10 00 


Samuel Cleaviand 


03 


07 08 


John Baker 


05 


15 03 


John Wilson 


00 


14 00 


John Barben 


05 


04 06 


William Green 


00 


12 00 



GENEALOGY OF RICHARD BAKER. 

Compiled by Edmund J. Baker, of Dorchester, Mass., President of the 
Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society. 

EICHARD 1 BAKER, the first American ancestor of those known 
distinctively as of the Dorchester family of Baker, arrived in this 
country from England in 1635. The date may be fixed with precision as 
November 28 of that year. In his journal of current events, Gov. Winthrop 
notes the arrival at Boston on that day of a vessel which he describes as 
"a small Norsey bark of tweuty-five tons;" and he adds, "her passengers 
and goods all safe." This phrase, "Norsey bark," was for some time after 
the original publication of the "Journal," a mystery to the historians; but 
the later issue of Winthrop papers,* includiug letters written by Edward 

* Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 4th Series, vol. vi. p. 325 et seq. 



280 Genealogy of Richard Baker. [July, 

Hopkins in London to John Winthrop, Jr., solved the mystery, for Hopkins, 
in referring to the same vessel, calls it a "North-sea boat." He also used 
the word "barque" in designating the vessel. It is from these letters of 
Hopkins that the first information as to Richard Baker is derived, and they 
explain very clearly the circumstances of his coming to these shores. 
Edward Hopkins was the agent in London of a colonizing company or 
association, the chief members of which were Lord Say and Seal, Lord 
Brook, Lord Rich, Sir Richard Saltonstall, and others of influence politi- 
cally and socially. They had obtained a grant of territory which included 
what is now the State of Connecticut, and were anxious to get military 
control of the region by establishing a fort at the mouth of the Connecticut 
River in anticipation of a like movement on the part of the Dutch of New 
Amsterdam, who also claimed possessiou or rights of trade there. 

.To this end the projectors needed a stanch vessel of light draft to ply 
between Boston and the mouth of the Connecticut during the building of a 
fort. This North Sea boat, which was named the '< Bachelor," was obtained, 
and a master and crew of eight in all were engaged to sail the vessel across 
the sea and on coastwise voyages here during the construction of the fort. 
The vessel was laden with material, iron work, etc., suitable for such con- 
struction, as the invoice contained in Hopkins's letter shows. Four passeu- 
gers were taken, Sergeant Lyon Gardiner, a military engineer ; his assistant, 
and the Sergeant's wife and maid. The letter of Hopkins containing the 
first mention of Richard Baker is dated London, Aug. 18, 1635, and states 
in the postscript that the Bachelor was cleared from Gravesend below 
London on that day. It gives the names of the master and crew, Richard 
Baker being second in command, or " master's mate." The wages to be 
paid each and the terms of their employment are also stated. The letter 
was addressed to John Winthrop, Jr., the agent of the company in this 
country, and, as it was foreseen that he might be in Connecticut on arrival 
of the vessel in Boston, the alternative was added, " or, in his absence, to 
the worshipful Jno. Winthrop the elder, at Boston aforesaid." Hopkins 
speaks somewhat in derogation of a part of the crew, for which, as appears, 
he had good reason, and remarks in an explanatory way that " it was not 
easy here to get any at this time to go in so small a vessel." He remarks 
incidentally that " the master hath a desire, as he tells me, to continue in 
the country." He does not say that of the master's mate, with whom 
(Richard Baker being then a young man of not much more than one and 
twenty) he probably held no conversation. But the reasons effective with 
the master in the matter would likely to be so with the mate, and, if they 
related only to pursuit of the mariner's calling, there were with the latter 
other not less potent reasons. 

At the last moment, when the barque was at Gravesend, four of the 
crew, whom Hopkins names, renounced their contract so far as it provided 
for service on the vessel in New England. " Whereupon," he says, " being 
put to some straits I was in a manner constrained to yield to their desires." 
Of the other four, one of whom was the master's mate, he says that they, 
"sticking to the former agreement, will be able, I conceive, with small help 
more, to sail the barque in the country." On the back of the next letter 
from Hopkins, dated London, 21 Sept., 1635, is a memorandum in the 
handwriting of John Winthrop, Jr., of four items, one of which reals: " 3 
bills of exchange of 30 li to be paid to Rich: Baker." These bills, for- 
warded by a vessel sailing a month later than did the Bachelor, indicate 
sufficiently on the part of the person in whose favor they run, not merely a 
desire but a purpose to continue in the country. 



1889.] Genealogy of llichard Baker. 281 

This recital of remote, and, in part, unimportant facts of record is perti- 
nent here as evincing to those who will chiefly be interested in this gene- 
alogy that their common ancestor came 10 America under circumstances 
highly creditable to himself. They give proof that he was a man of great 
courage and of skill and resources in the mariner's art; that in an 
exigency which men of small soul took advantage of he was one of those 
who did equity by " sticking to the former agreement" ; and that he was of 
a frugal habit, preferring to take passage where he would have nothing to 
pay out, but a considerable sum in pocket at the end of his ocean and coast- 
wise voyages. The bills of exchange may also be taken as evidence of a 
like habit in money matters while he was yet in his native land. 

The next date of record of Richard Baker is November 4, 1639, when 
he became a member of the church in Dorchester. It is probable that he 
was married about that time. His wife, Faith Withington, is recorded 
under her maideu name as a member of the same church of earlier date. 
She was a daughter of Henry Withington, the ruling elder of the Church. 
The office was one of much honor, and various facts show that the family 
of Withington w r as one of social distinction. Mary, a sister of Faith, 
married Thomas Danforth, who became deputy governor of the colony. 
Near relatives of Richard Baker were Thomas Baker, his brother, a 
resident of Roxbury and owner of the historical tide-mill there ; and John 
Baker of Boston, a nephew of both Richard and Thomas, who in different 
documents describes himself as " smith " and " mariner." These descriptive 
appellations do not indicate that he was merely an employe in either business. 
He was a prominent and enterprising citizen of the metropolis, and carried 
on business extensively. He died a comparatively young man, about 
twenty years before either of his uncles, and his inventory shows that he 
had acquired property in shipping and real estate amounting to £799, a 
considerable estate for that period. 

It does not appear of record that Richard Baker assisted in sailing the 
Bachelor coastwise, but his contract required him to do so if the owners 
desired. It is certain, as appears in others of the Winthrop letters, that 
the vessel was thus employed. If he was in that service, a part, at least, of 
the interval between 1635 and 1639 is accouuted for. In the records of 
Dorchester, very soon after the latter date, he is put down as a considerable 
owner of real estate in that town. His homestead was a tract of land 
fronting southerly upon the road now called Savin Hill Avenue. The 
site of his dwelling-house was undoubtedly that of the building known to 
the contemporary generation as the " Tuttle Mansion." He added from 
time to time to the original area by purchase of adjoining lands. 

One of these additions appears to have been a tract on the northwesterly 
slope of Savin Hill, where, up to a recent date, stood two dwellings known 
from time immemorial as the Baker houses. One yet remains. That 
which has been demolished was in all probability the house which Richard 
Baker, as he states in his will, built for his son John. The statement is 
made in connection with a bequest to thi3 son of adjacent lands. Richard 
Baker bequeathed his homestead estate to his son James, who lived a 
bachelor. He in turn bequeathed it to his nephew John Wiswall, and the 
property remained in possession of the Wis wail heirs until 1826, when it 
was sold to Mr. Tuttle. The premises referred to as bequeathed to John 
Baker continued uninterruptedly iu possession of some of his descendants 
till the year 1872. 

Richard Baker was made a freeman of the colony May 18, 1642. He 



-282 Genealogy of Richard Baler, [July* 

became a member of the Ancient and Honorable ArtiHery Company in 
1658. In nearly every year from 1042 to 1635 his name is of record as 
eveieising some office in the town administration of Dorchester. He 
appears not to have aspired to the highest station, and daring only one 
year, 1G53, is lie recorded as a selectman. In 1608 he was elected a 
ruling elder of the church, but declined the office. Both in the town and 
the church records his name appears from time to time with those of others 
who were among the principal citizens in the making up of important 
committees, lie was a proprietor in all the "Divisions" of town lands 
subsequent to the date of the "Great Lots.''' The "Divisions" covered 
much the larger area. The inventory of his estate amounted to £1,315 15*. 
He died Oct. 25, 1089; his wife died Feb. 3, preceding. Children: 

i. Mary, 2 chr. Feb. 14, 1641; m. Samuel Robinson; she d. Aug. 27, 
li7,U. 
2. ii. Jonx, chr. April 30. 161-3 ; m. Preserved Trott. 

iii. Sarah, chr. June 22, 1615; m. James White, Feb. 22, 1661; she d. 
Oct. 13, 1683. 

iv. Thankful, chr. March 19, 1646; m. William Griggs. 

v. Elizabeth, chr. Oct. 27. 1650; d. young. 

vi. James, chr. April 30, 1654. As stated, to him was bequeathed the 
homestead estate of his father; this comprised considerable tracts 
of land adjoining and near to the dwelling house: he appears to 
have been a prosperous farmer; only once did he take a public 
office, that of viewer of fences of common corn fields; he died, 
single, March 30, 1721. 

vii. Elizabeth, chr. July 20. 1656; m. William Pratt of Weymouth, 
Mass. ; they resided in Dorchester for a while, and went thence with 
the church organized in that town, Oct. 22, 1605. for missionary 
purposes in South Carolina; they had a daughter Thankful, born in 
Weymouth Oct. 14, 1683. 

viii. Hannah, b. Jan. 9, 1662; m. John Wiswall, May 5, 16S5. 

2. John 8 Baker (Richard 1 ), son of Richard and Faith, was born in 
Dorchester and was christened, as appears by the church records, 
April 30, 1643. He married Preserved Trott, July 11. 1667. He 
lived at Savin Hill, : n the dwelling house already referred to. The 
site is about two rods south-easterly of the present boundary of the 
street, and, in an air line, about 2 GO feet due north-east from the 
centre of the highway bridge over the Old Colony railroad. The 
house was occupied as a barrack for American troops during the 
siege of Boston. John Baker owned a large area of farming land, 
though his homestead tract was comparatively small. He appears 
to have been an efficient townsman, aud served during a succession 
of years in different town offices. He died Aug. 26, 1690; his wife 
died Nov. 25, 1711. Children: 

Sarah, 3 b. Aug. 12, 1668 ; in. Oliver Wiswall, Jan. 1, 1690. 

Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1670; d. Jan. 26, 1670. 

Jonx, b. Nov. 25, 1671; m. Hannah Withiagton. 

James, b. Aug. 4, 1674 ; m. Judith Maxfield. 

Mary, b. Aug. 24. 1676; m. John Minot, May 23, 1696; she d. Feb. 

15, 1716. 
Thankful, b. April 13, 1679 ; in. Hopestill Capen, Aug. 4, 1702 ; she 

d. Dec. 6, 1761. 
Hannah, b. July 22. 1682: d. Aug. 9. 1683. 
Elizabeth, b. July 18, 1681; also called "Betsev"; d. single. 
Hannah, b. July 11, 1687; d. Nov. 12, 1690. 
Arijah, b. Peb. 25, 1690; m. Haunah Lyon of Milton, Mass. 





i. 




ii. 


3. 


iii. 


4. 


iv. 




v. 




vi. 




vii. 




viii. 




ix. 


5. 


X. 



6. 


u. 




iii. 


7. 


iv. 


8. 


v. 


9. 


Ti. 


10. 


vii. 



1889.] Genealogy of Richard Baker. 283 

3. John 3 Baker (John* Richard 1 ), son of John (2) and Preserved, v. r as 

born in Dorchester, Nov. 25, 1671. He married Hannah Withing- 
ton, May 1G, 1708. His dwelling house was situated on "the great 
country road," so called, now Washington Street, in Dorchester. 
The site is three or four rods east of that street, and probably pro- 
jects slightly upon the southerly sidewalk of the present Melville 
Avenue. The premises were bought by John Baker of AVilliam 
Sioughton, as appears by deed of March 30. 1098. The house was 
occupied by the descendants of John Baker down to a date within 
the recollection of the oldest persons now living. It faced south, 
with the west end towards the road, and was of two stories in front, 
the long slope of the northerly roof making it to be one story in 
the rear. He owned extensive farming tracts adjoining and in the 
vicinity. He died Oct. 9, 1746; his wife died April 30, 1708, aged 
82 years. Children : 

i. Hannah, 4 b. June 9, 1709; m. Benjamin Clapp, a great-grandson of 
Capt. Koaer Clapp, Dec. 2\), 1730; they lived in Stoughton, Mass., 
after 1740 ; she d. there. 

James, b. May 24, 1713: m. Friscilla Paul. 

John. b. in 1711; d; in infancy. 

John, b. June 23, 171.5 ; m. 1st, Sarah Wiswall; m. 2d, Jane. Wheeler. 

Thomas, b. May 3, 1717; pi. Ann Mattox. 

Elijah, b. May" 14, 1720: in. Hannah Puffer. 

George, b. Aug. 13, 1724; m. 1st, Ruth Williams; m. 2d, Mary 
Jones; m. 3d, Susan Viles. 

4. James 3 Baker (John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of John (2) and Preserved, 

was born Aug. 4, 1674. He married Judith Maxfield, also called 
"Judah." He lived in the house at Savin Hill which had been 
his father's, coming into full ownership by quit-claim deed of other 
heirs, Aug. 7, 1712. He died Aug. 24, 1734; his wife died Dec. 
21,1757. Children: 

i. Majry, 4 b. Nov. 22, 1703; m. Hopestiil "VTithington, Feb. 11, 1730; 
she d. Feb. 28, 17G0, 

11. ii. Preserved, b. Feb. 14. 1711 : ra. Martha Harrington. 

12. iii. Samuel, b. Aug. 10, 1719: m. Johanna Kiteley. 

iv. Sarah, b. Nov. 18, 1723; in. Samuel Hall, Sept. 27, 1739. 

5. Abljah 3 Baker (John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of John (2) and Preserved, 

was born in Dorchester, Feb. 25, 1690. He married Hannah Lyon 
of Milton, Mass., and about the year 1717 removed to Medfield, Mass. 
His homestead was about a mile and a half from the centre of the 
• town, on the Walpole road, now called High Street. A house of 
later construction occupies the site, but the well which he con- 
structed is still in use. He died Dec. 31, 1761; his wife died Sept. 
16, 1776. Children: 

i. Micah, 4 b. Nov. 13, 1712; d. Jan. 24. 1712. 

13. ii. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 14, 1714; m. Esther Kingsburv. 

14. iii. Abliah, b. Oct. 15, 1718; m. Esther Hill. 

iv. Thankeux, b. May 2. 1721 ; m. Daniel Morse of TFalpoie in 1742. 
v. Mary, b. Aug. 14, 1724; in. John Ellis. April 17, 174G. 
vi. Eliza, b. Nov. 9, 172* (twin; : m. Bezakei Turner, May 10, 1747. 
vii. Hannah, b. Nov. 9, 1728 (twin) ; d. April 9, 1729. 

15. viii. Micah. b. Feb. 19, 1730; m. lit, Abigail Screeter; m. 2d, Elizabeth 

Whittemore. 



284 Genealogy of Richard Baker. [July, 

6. James* BAKES (John, 3 John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of John (3) and Hannah, 

was born May 24, 1713. He married Priscilla Paul, Dec. 14, 
1738. He inherited and lived in the house described above as that 
of his father, at Melville Avenue, in Dorchester. His inventory 
shows that he was an extensive farmer. He died Nov. 18, 1776; 
his wife died Nov. 26, 1750, aged 32 years. Children : 

16. i. James, 5 b. Sept. 5, 1730; m. Lydia Bowman. 

17. ii. Ebenezeu, b. Nov. 19, 1743; m. 1st, Abigail Preston; m. 2d, Susanna 

Glover. 

18. iii. John, b. Dec. 14, 1746; m. 1st, Ann Pierce; m. 2d, Eliphal Swift; 

m. 3d Christiana Colson. 
iv. Mary Ann, b. March 17, 1750; m. 1st, Jonathan Holden, July 14, 
1768; m. 2d, John Pierce, Feb. 23, 1792 : she d. Sept. 23, 1792. 

7. John 4 Raker {John, 2 John, 2 Richard 1 ), sou of John (3) aud Hannah, 

was born in Dorchester, June 28, 1715. He married 1st, Sarah 
Wiswall, Feb. 7, 1738; she died April 4. 1788, aged 69 years. He 
married 2d, Jane Wheeler, Feb. 2, 1790. His homestead was on 
the road now called Norfolk street, in Dorchester, the estate having 
by descent gone into the name of Capen. The dwelling house 
stood about four rods north from Norfolk street, and partly on laud 
now in the westerly sidewalk of a new street called Darling street. 
He died Nov. 11, 1798. Children: 

i. Elizabeth, 5 b. June 25, 1740; m. John Tolnian, April 6, 1761 ; she 

d. Nov. 23, 1762. 
ii. Sarah, b. June 18, 1743; m. Hopestill Hall, Mav 3, 1763; she d. 

Sept. 20, 1808. 
iii. Thankful, b. Oct. 7, 1744; m. Phineas Holden, Sept. 30, 1766; she 

d. April 15, 1819. 

8. Thomas 4 Baker (John, s John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of John (3) and Hannah, 

was born May 3, 1717. He married Ann Mattox. As appears 
by deed bearing date, June 1, 1738, he bought of Ebenezer 
Mawdsley a dwelling house and ten acres of land bounded westerly 
by the highway leading to Boston, southerly by land of John Baker, 
easterly by Capen, and northerly by Robert Searle, Jr. The des- 
cription is sufficient to fix it as contiguous to the land which John 
Baker bought of William Stoughton, and fronting on 4 * the great 
country road." Thomas Baker died Dec. 29, 1745 ; his wife died 
Oct. 5, 1758. Children : 

i. Sarah, 5 b. Nov. 24, 1739 ; m. Abram Wheeler, Nov. 15, 1759 ; she d. 

Feb. 11, 1776. 
ii. Hannah, b. Aug. 3, 1741 ; m. John Clapp, Nov. 29, 1764, the same 

described in the Clapp genealogy (p. 228) as "John Old Times"; 

she d. Aug. 10, 1779. 
iii. Ann, b. Oct. 5, 1744; d. Oct. 6, 1757. 

9. Elijah* Baker (John, 9 John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of John (3) and Han- 

nah, was born in Dorchester, May 14, 1720. He married Hannah 
Puffer of Stoughton, Mass., Nov. 29, 1744. He removed to 
" Stoughtonham," now Sharon, and settled on the westerly side of 
that part of the " Bay road " which is the boundary between 
Stoughton and Sharon. His dwelling house still stands, aud is 
about 30 rods back from the Bay road, and a somewhat greater 
distance southerly from Stoughton Street. He died Nov. 8, 1S02; 
bis wife died April 6, 1806, aged 80 years. Children: 



1889.] Genealogy of Richard Baker, 285 

i. Hannah. 8 b. Dec. 25, 1 7-15 ; iq. Nathaniel Fisher of Stoughton, April 

22, 1763. 
ii. Sarah, b. Dec. 10. 1747. 

19. iii. Thomas, b. Sept. 28, 1749; in. Eliza Cony. 

It. Abigail, b. May 21, 1751; m. John Box Bronsden of Milton, Mass., 
An-, i), 1774. 

20. v. Elijah, b. April 12, 1753; m. Olive Rogers. 

vi. Mary, b. Dec. 20, 1751; in. Joseph Belcher of Sharon, Oct. 28, 

1775 (intention of that date). 
vii. Bathsheba, m. Nehemiah B. Sampson of Rochester, N. H., Oct. 

1, 1789. 
viii. Susanna, m. Oliver Shcpord of Stoughton, July 24, 1790. 

21. ix. John, b. March 2, 1765; m. Abigail Blake, 
x. Mehitabi.e, m. Neil McCoy of Urica. N. Y. 

22. xi. James, b. April 21, 1768; m. Martha Bird. 

10. George 4 Baker (John* John, 11 Richard 1 ), son of John (3) and Han- 
nah, was born in Dorchester, Aug. 13, 1724. He enlisted in the 
Cape Breton expedition, which sailed from Boston March 24, 1745. 
He returned disabled with ship fever. His brother Thomas took 
the disease from him, and died in consequence. He married 1st, 
Ruth Williams, Feb. 24, 1747; she died June 30, 1751, aged 34 
years. He married 2d, Mrs. Mary Jones, April 11, 1753; she died 
Dec. 9, 177G, aged 54 years. He married 3d, Susanna Viles, Oct. 2, 
1777; she diedSept 2$, 1810. He died March 4, 1810. His home- 
stead was in Dorchester, on the northerly side of the road now called 
Norfolk Street, near the crossing of the N. Y. & N. E. railroad and 
not far from the Dorchester station of that railroad. His dwelling 
stood within what is now a small triangular lot, bounded south by 
the street and north-west by the railroad. Children : 

I George, 5 b. Feb. 4, 1748; d. single, Sept. 16, 1807. 

ii. Mary, b. Feb. 21, 1754; m. Nathaniel Swift, Sept. 25, 1777; she d. 

Jan. 15, 1785. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. April 25, 1756; m. Ebenezer vYithington, Dec. 19, 

1775; she d. April 14, 1776. 
iv. Ann, b. April 4, 1758; m. Lemuel Withington, Jan. 27, 1779; she d. 

May 12, 1826. 
v. Stephen, b. June 30, 1760; d. Oct. 3, 1761. 

11. Preserved 4 Baker (James 3 John, 3 Richard 1 ), son of James (4) and 
Judith, was born Feb. 14, 1711. He married Martha Harrington, 
March 1G, 1737. He owued and occupied the homestead property 
at Savin Hill, which had been his lather's and grandfather's. He 
died April 28, 1777; his wife died Feb. 10, 1805, aged 88 years. 
Children : 

i. Martha, 4 b. March 2, 1739; m. Taul Hall, Feb. 11, 1761; she d. 

April 16, 1776. 
ii. Mary, b. June 25, 1740; m. Joseph Trescott, June 3, 1762; she d. 

Oct. 18, 1809. 

23. iii. James,, b. Nov. 9, 1742; m. Lydia Lacy. 

24. iv. Samuel, b. Dec. 15, 1744 ; m. 1st, Elizabeth Clapp ; m. 2d, Sarah 

Clark. 

25. v. Preserved, b. Nov. 17, 1746; m. Submit Clapp. 

vi. Judith, b. Dec. 17, 1748 ; m. Aaron WiL on of iloxbury. Mass., Nor. 

19, 1778. 
vii. Joseph, b. 1751: d. in infancy, 
viii. Sarah, b. July 24, 1753 ; in. - — Beecher. 
ix. Stephen, d. in infancy. 
vol. XLiii. 25 



2&ti Genealogy of Richard Baker. [July* 

12. Samuel 4 Baxer (Jaynes? John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of James (4) and 

Judith, was born in Dorchester, Aug. 16, 1719. lie was married 
in King's Chapel, in Bostou, to Johanna Kiteley, Nov. 2G, 1743. 
They lived for a while iu S tough ton, where the two eldest children 
were born. The others were born in Dorchester. Circumstances 
indicate that the Dorchester residence was at Upper Mills Village, 
now Mattapan, and that he was employed in the paper-making 
business. He died in Springfield, Mass.. June 1, 1759. His 
widow married a man named Morgan. She died in Dorchester, 
Sept. 8, 18H. Children: 

i. Joiian-xa, 6 b. Aug. 21, 1749 ; m. Josiah Wilder of Gardiner, Me. 

26. ii. Samuel, b. Jan. 16, 1751; m. Patience Jones. 
iii. I)avld, b. March 4, 1753; died at sea. 

27. iv. Thomas, b. Feb. 24, 1755; m. Abigail McDaniels. 

v. Margaret, b. Aug. 24-. 1757: m. William Pierce, Dec. 7, 1730. 
vi. Silence, b. Sept. 15, 1759; m. Benjamin White of Halloweil, Me. 

13. Ebexezer 4 Baker (Abijah,* John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of Abijah (5) 

and Hannah, was born in Dorchester, Oct. 14, 1714. He removed 
when a child with his parents to Medfield. He married Esther 
Kingsbury, March 23, 173(5. He died Nov. 29, 1797. They lived 
in Walpole, Mass., where their children were born. Children : 

i. Esther, 6 b. April 20, 1739 ; m. Joshua Morse in 1768. 

ii. Samuel, b. July 1, 1741: m. Mary Boyden of Wreutham. He d. at 
Foxboro,' Mass. ; she d. Dec. 30, 1807, aged 67 years. They had 
but one child, Esther, who married Eleazer Belcher. 

iii. Ebexezer, b. March 22, 1748; d. in 1769. 

iv. Thankful, b. Jane 3, 1750; m. Isaac Eaton of Franklin, Mass. 

v. Abel, b. July 4, 1753; m. Sarah Smith of Walpole, Mass. He 
removed to Fitzwilliam, N. II. . and died there, leaving no children. 

28. vi. Zeba, b. July 14, 1757; m. Millie Cleveland. 

vii. Hannah, b/jan. 21, 1771; m. Amor Harding, Oct. 13, 1789. 

29. viii. Ebenezer, b. July 29, 1775; m. Lucy Maxfieid. 

14. Abijah 4 Baker (Abijah? John 2 Richard 1 ), son of Abijah (5) and 

Hannah, was born in Medlield, Oct. 15, 1718. He married Esther 
Hill of that town in 1742, and his children were born there. H13 
homestead was on the present South Street, one fourth mile south 
from Medlield centre, the premises being, in 1889, owned by Frank 
Rhodes. In 17 Gl Abijah Baker removed to the north precinct of 
Wrentham, now the town of Franklin. He settled on a by-way 
extending into the wilderness from the present Beaver Street. The 
premises are now a part of what is known as the Elias Baker Farm. 
The old cellar and remnants of an orchard yet mark the spot, which 
is about half a mile from Beaver Street, and an eighth mile on the by- 
way beyond the Elias Baker farm-house. Later the family domicile 
was established on Lincoln Street, as it now is extended, about a 
mile north of the town centre. Abijah Baker's descendants still 
own and live there. He died Sept. 27, 1780; his wife died Sept. 
23, 1802, aged 79 years. Children : 

i. James, 5 b. March 10, 1743; d. Oct. 5. 1750. 

ii. Silas, b. June 11, 1744; d. in infancy. 

30. iii. Preserved, b. May 15. l~45 ; m. Elizabeth Daniels. 
iv. Thankful, b. July I, 1717; d. in 1833, single, 

31. v. Abijah, b. Aug. 11, 1749: m. 1st, Esther Parker; m. 2d, Phcebe 

Boyden. 



1889.] Genealogy of llichard Baker. 287 

32. vi. Jonx, b. Xov. 5, 1751: m. Molly Harding, 
yii. Esther, b. Oct. 11, 1753; d. youn.ir. 

viii. Nathaniel, b. Dec. ?G, 175G; d. May 11, 1777. Probably killed in 

the army service near Saratoga. 
ix. Estiil:i:, b. Anril 2-1, 1759; m. Noah Hill of Domrlas, Mass., May 

20, 1784. 
x. James, b. 1701 ; d. in Franklin, Oct. 5, 1850, "aged 80 years." 
xi. Mary, d. single, April 18, 17 ( J0. 

15. MrcAH 4 Baker Ijbijakf John, 2 Richard 1 ), son of Abijah (5) and 
Hannah, was born in Medfield, Feb. 19, 1730. He married 1st, 
Abigail Streeter of Walpole, Jan. 13, 1751 ; she died Sept. 18, 1701. 
He married 2d, Elizabeth Whittemore, Jan. 19, 17G3. About the 
year 1790 he removed to Koyalston. Mass. He died in that town, 
April 25, 1808; his wife died there Dec. 25, 1814, aged 74 years. 
Children : 

i. Eebecca, 4 b. June 29, 1752, in Medfield; m. Joshua Hews of Royal- 

ston, Mass., Nov. 25. 1773. 
ii. Hannah, b. July 12. 1754; d. Sept. 9, 1754. 
iii. Micah, b. Sept. 3, 1755; d. young. 
iv. Martha, b. April 13, 1757; d. 1777. 
v. Abigah,, b. July 16, 1758 (probably m. Amos Parker). 
vi. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 10, 1703: m. Jonas Warren of Littleton, Mass., 

Sept. 14, 1788; she d. at Bethlehem, N. H., March 6, 1797. 
vii. Ehoda, b. March 12, 1705, in Medfield: in. Jonathan Gale of Royal- 

ston, Mass. 

33. viii. Micahj b. Nov. 29, 1706, in Walpole; m. Polly Hopkins. 

ix. Hepslbah, b. Sept. 1768, in Walpole; m. Peter Barton of Crovdon, 

N. H. 
. x. Amos, b. March 17, 1772, in Medfield; removed to Springfield, O., 

and d. there July 12, 1632 ; his children were Molinda, Amos, Sally, 

Reuben and Judith. 
xi. Abijah, b. Dec. 12, 1773, in Medfield. 
xii. Sarah, b. July 1, 1777; d. July 9, 1778. 

16.* James* Baker {James? John. 8 John. 2 Richard 1 ), son of James (6) 
and Priscilla, was born in Dorchester, Sept. 5, 1739. He graduated 
at Harvard College in 17 GO. He married Lydia Bowman, daughter 
of Rev. Jonathan Bowman, in 17G9. He practised as a physician 
for some time in Dorchester, but eventually established a country 
store connected with his tben new house, a building yet standing on 
its original site at the corner of Washington and Norfolk Streets. 
Until after the building of the town house on the opposite corner of 
Norfolk Street, the place was known to the towns-people and to 
travellers as- " Dr. Baker's Corner." In the year 1772 he began 
the manufacture of chocolate at Dorchester Lower Mills, a business 
which was developed into great magnitude by his son and grandson. 
Dr. Baker did not remove to the Lower Mills, but continued at the 
" Corner," where he died Jan. 2, 1825 ; his wife died July 2G, 1816. 
Children : 

35. i. Edmtjxd, 6 b. April 20, 1770; m. 1st, Sarah Howe; m. 2d, Elizabeth 
Lillie. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 20, 1774; d. simile. May 2, 1805. 
iii. Lydia, b. Jan. 1, 1777; d. single, Dec. 27, 1851. 

• With this number the regular numerical succession ceases for the present occasion, 
and the genealogy is continued in the line of James only. The numerals attached to the 
subsequent names are those of the full geneaiogr, which is to be issued in pamphlet form. 



2§8 Genealogy of Ilichard Balcer. [July, 

35. Edmund 6 Bakeh (James* James, 4 John? John? Richard 1 ), son of 
James (10) ami Lydia, was born in Dorchester, April 20, 1770. lie 
married 1st, Sarah Iloive, Sept. 29, 1701; she died Jan. 20, 1802. 
He married 2d, Mrs. Elizabeth Lillie, a daughter of Daniel Vose of 
Milton, Mass., Oct. 5, 1803. At the time of the first marriage he 
became a resident at the Lower Mills Village, and took sole charge of 
the manufacture which h;id been begun by Dr. Baker 20 years prior. 
Mr. Baker enlarged the works from time to time, and became owner 
of all the mill privileges above the bridge on the Dorchester side of 
the River, at the lower falls. His homestead was comprised in the 
lot at the northerly corner of Washington and Richmond Streets. 
He died Oct 11, 1846s his wife Elizabeth died March 28, 1813. 
Children : 

61. i. Walter, 7 b. June 28. 1792; m. 1st, Deborah Smith Mott; m. 2d, 

Eleanor Jameson tVilliams. 
ii. Charles, b. March 20, 1705; d. single, in Vermont, in May, 1830. 

62. iii. Horatio, b. July 19, 1797; m. Mary A. Southworth. 

63. iv. Edmund James, b. Nov. 15, 1804:; m. Sarah Howard Sherman. 

v. Lydia Bowman, b. Feb. 28, 1806; m. Rev. Benjamin Himtoou, July 

7, 1841; shed. Oct. 2, 1844. 
vi. James Edmund, b. May 13, 1809; m. Martha JNeal of Portland, Me. ; 

he d. at Lagrange, Fla., Sept. 11, 1837, leaving no children. 

61 Walter 7 Baker (Edmund? James? James? John? John? Richard 1 ), 
son of Edmund (35) and Sarah, was born in Dorchester, June 28, 
1792. He graduated at Harvard College in 1811, and afterwards 
began the study of law at Litchfield, Conn. While there his atten- 
tion was drawn to the woolen manufacture. He relinquished the 
law and started a factory for woolen goods. The enterprise proved 
profitable during the continuance of the war with England, but 
ceased to be so on the general resumption of importations. Bring- 
ing this business to a close he spent some years at the South, taught 
school for a while at Natchez and carried on trade in New Orleans. 
In 1824 he took sole charge of the chocolate manufacture at Dor- 
chester Lower Mills. The business had been well established by 
his father, who now retired. Under the new style of " Walter 
Baker" it became large, prosperous and widely known. After 
some previous service as an officer of the State militia Walter 
Baker was, in 1827, commissioned as colonel of the First Regi- 
ment, and thereafter was generally known and spoken of as " Col. 
Baker." He was a popular citizen and for mauy years a favorite 
presiding officer, or *' moderator," of the Dorchester town meetings. 
He served three terms as representative of the town in the General 
Court, viz., in 1833, 1839 and 1840. His residence was at the 
southerly corner of Washington and Park streets in Dorchester, the 
site being indicated on the city atlas of this date by the name of 
Mrs. Baker. For many years the estate was owned and occupied 
by Lt. Gov. Andrew Oliver, who undoubtedly built the mausion 
which still adorns the grounds. The iacd was bought by Oliver in 
1737, and, with the dwelling house, it was sold by his administrator 
to Benjamin Hichborn in 1782. Col. Laker married 1st, Deborah 
Smith Mott of Boston, March 10, 1825; she died Dec. 13, 1833. 
Fie married 2d, Eleanor Jameson Williams of Boston, May 14, 
1840. He died May 7, 1852. Children: 



1889.] Genealogy of Richard Baker. 289 

84. i. Witter, 8 b. Jan. 5, 1827: m. Frances Cordelia Tremlett. 

ii. Eleanor Williams, b. Sept. 21, 1841 ; d. March 20, 1845. in Boston. 
iii. Anna Gurnf.y Buxtox, b. Nov. 30, 1843; d. July 11, 184G, in Geiss- 

liugeu, Germany, 
iv. Robert Williams, b. Oct. 1, 1845; d. Nov. 6, 1840. in Boston. 
v. Edith, b. Jan. 8, 1850; d. July, 1854, at Bellows Falls, Vt. 

62. Horatio 7 Baker (Edmund,* James? James? John, 3 John* Rich- 

ard 1 ), son of Edmund (3-3) and Sarah, was born in Dorcbester, 
July 10, 1707. He married Mary A. Sourhworth of Stouahton, 
Mass., Nor. 15, 1820. He lived in Dorchester until 1825, when 
he removed to Westford, Mass. He died at Alstead, N. H., April 
20, 1845 ; she died April 15, 1881. Children : 

85. i. James Edmund, 8 b. Aug. 28, 1821 ; m. Lucinda M. Gardner. 

ii. Mary Southworth, b. Sept. 20, 1823; in. Henry Allen, May 7 

1843; she d. July 4. 1880. 
iii. Marcus Southworth. b. Sept. 21, 1823; m. Harriet Hansel], April 
25, 1847: he d. Oct. 20, 1866, leaving no children. 
8G. iv. Horace, b. Nov. 30, 1833: m. Su?au C. Cole. 

63. Edmund James 7 Baker (Edmund? James. 5 James* John 3 John, 2 

Richard 1 ), son of Edmund (35) and Elizabeth, was born in Dor- 
chester, Nov. 15, 1804. He received an academic education. For 
some years he followed mercantile business, but preferring an out- 
of-door occupation he took up that of surveying. One of his earlv 
surveys was of the towns of Dorchester and Mi]ton, it being part of 
a general survey of the State, the law requiring every town to 
furnish a map of its territory. For some years he was a resident 
of Milton, and from 1838 to 1842 was postmaster of that town, and, 
in 1837, its representative in the Legislature. He was one of the 
founders of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society, in 
1843, and from 1873 to the present time its president. He is also 
president of the Dorchester Fire Insurance Co. His dwelling house. 
at the northerly corner of "Washington and Richmond streets, in 
Dorchester, built in 1872, stands upon the same lot as did that of 
his father. The site is nearly the same, the present building bein^ 
a little farther south and east than its predecessor, but occupying in 
the northerly half of its western piazza the same ground, "fie 
married Mrs. Sarah Howard Sherman of Augusta, Me., Sept. 1, 
1847; she died June 27, 1870, aged 61 years. Children: 

i. Lydia Bowmax, 8 b. Nov. 11. 1848: m. 1st. John Hushes Edwards. 
Oct. 1, 18G7: he d. in Philadelphia, Feb. 12, 18777 m. 2d Orrav 
Augustus Taft, Jr., April 24, 1879; he d. Feb. 12, 1889. 

ii. Ellyx Lithgow, b. Feb. 1G, 1851 ; d. Nov. 20, 18G7. 

84. Walter 8 Baker ( Walter'' Edmund? James? James? John, 3 John* 

Richard 1 ), son of Walter (Gl) and Deborah, was born in Dorches- 
ter, Jan. 5, 1827. He married Frances Cordelia Tremlett, Au^. 
15, 1851. He died in Worcester, Mass., May 22, 1S87. Children: 

i. Florence Mott, 9 b. Aug. 4, 1852. in Dorchester. 
89. ii. Walter Sydney, b. in 1858 ; m. Kitty Constance Barling. 

85. James Edmund 3 Baker (Horatio? Edmund, James? James,* 1 John? 

John? Richard 1 ), son of Horatio (62) and Mary, was born in Dor- 
chester, Aug. 28, 1821. He married Lucinda M. Gardner in 
Hinckley, Medina Co., O., Dec. 19, 1847. She was born in Mid- 
tol. xliii. 25* 



290 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

dleburg, Cayhauga Co., 0. They resided id Pre-emption, Mercer 
Co., O., where he followed the vocation of a farmer, and where 
their children were born, viz. : 

i. Henrietta AlmsKa; 9 b. Mav 20, 1819. 
ii. Celia Emma, b. Teb. 0, 1851. 

86. Horace 8 Baker (Horatio? Edmund? James? James? John? John? 
Richard 1 ), sou of Horatio (fi'2) and Mary, was born in Westford, 
.Mass., Nov. 30, 1833. He married Susan C. Cole of Stoughton, 
March 25, 1852. His residence is in Brockton, Mass., where his 
children were born. He served from April 29, 18C1, to July 8, 
1864, as private in the Mass. 12th or " Webster regiment." He 
was for some time a prisoner of war in Libby prison, in Rich- 
mond, Vu. He received in the battle of the Wilderness a wound 
which caused the loss of his left arm. His official service in a civil 
capacity has been that of messenger of the General Court and mem- 
ber of the City Council of Brockton. Children : 

i. "Walter Edmund, 9 b. June 2, 185 i ; m. Mary Alden Barrows of 
Middleboro', Mass., Feb. 14, 1883; their children are Bertha Lydia, 
b. Feb. 12, 1884, and Edmund Walter, b. Sept. 22, 1865; they 
reside in Brockton. 

ii. Marcus Burton, b. April 25, 1867. 

iii. Houace Clinton, b. Oct. 31, 1874. 

89. Walter Sydney 9 Baker (Walter? Walter? Edmund? James? 
James? John? John? Richard 1 ), son of Walter (84) and Frances, 
was born at Mamaroneck, N. Y. From boyhood he has been a 
resident in England. He married Kitty Constance Barling, who 
was born in the parish of Lynsted, Kent. The marriage took place 
April 25, 1S85, in All Souls' Church, South Hempstead, London. 
He resides at Dartford in Kent. Children: 

i. Sydney Tremlett. 10 b. April 18, 1888, at Wimbledon, Surrey, Ens:. 
It will be observed in "tracing the direct ancestors of tjiis last of 
record in the present series, through Walter S. (89) and the accom- 
panying italic list, that each of these is senior by birth in his 
generation. Sidney Tremlett has like priority in the tenth genera- 
tion, which, in respect to nativity, begins where the first (lid, in 
Old England. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. "Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from page 16$.] 

Margery Pate of the parish of St. Pulkers, London, widow, 22 Sep- 
tember 1617, proved 2 October 1G17. My body to be buried within the 
church of St. Pulkers near unto my former husband Richard Quilie. To 
my godson John Miller, to Hudson Miller, to Anne Miller wife of Thomas 
Miller, to my cousin Thomas Miller and to his daughter. To Judith 
Claxton and her daughter Ann Nicholes. To Elsibeth Pynnocke and to 
Robert Lide. To James Williams twenty shillings, to Alice Williams, 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 291 

wife unto James Williams twenty shillings. To Alice Quille (certain house- 
hold goods and wearing apparel). To Elizabeth Albrocke. To Eliza- 
beth Lide, wife unto Henry Lide and to Henry, James, Maurice and 
Cassandra Lide, children unto Henry Lide. To Roger Williams, son 
unto James Williams, twenty shillings. To Robert Williams, son of the 
said James Williams, tweuty shillings, and to Katherine Williams, daughter 
unto the said James Williams, twenty shillings. To Elizabeth and Sarah 
'Webster, daughters of John Webster, and John Webster, his son and the 
rest of Webster's children. To Edward Goodcjole, Richard Bradley, 
Elizabeth Younge, widow, and Michael Bolton. Henry Lide of West- 
minister Esq., to be sole executor and James Williams of St. Pulkers, mer- 
chant taylor, overseer. Weldon, 100. (P. C. C.) 

James Williams, citizen and merchant tailor of London, 7 September 
1620, proved 19 November 1621. I will and my mind is that, my debts 
being paid and funeral expenses discharged, all the residue of my goods 
and chattels shall be divided into three equal parts; one third part where- 
of I give and bequeath unto my loving wife Alice for her part and portion 
therein, according to the custom of the city of Loudon. And, for that my 
son Sydrack and my daughter Catharine, now the wife of Ralph Wight- 
man, citizen and merchant taylor of London, have " binn " by me already 
preferred and each of them hath received a sufficient portion of my estate, 
therefore I will that neither of them shall claim or have any customary 
part or portion of that estate whereof I shall be possessed at the time of my 
decease. And 'yet, nevertheless, my will and meaning is that my sons 
Roger and Robert Williams shall have but one moiety or half part of the 
other third part of my estate equally between them to be divided, and the 
other moiety thereof to remain to such other child or children as I shall 
have living at the time of my decease. The other third part of my estate, 
which is in my power to dispose, I give and bequeath as followeth, viz 1 , to 
my son Sydrack twenty and five pounds and to my said daughter Catherine 
Wightman twenty five pounds, to be paid to each of them severally within 
one year next after my decease, and to my said sons Robert and Roger 
Williams twenty and five pounds apiece, to be paid unto each of them 
severally at his age of four and twenty years. To my godson James Wight- 
man, son of the beforenamed Katherine Wightman my daughter, five pounds 
in money, to be paid unto his father for the use of his said son. To Eliza- 
beth Pemberton, Ellen Woolley and Elizabeth Bryan, my god daughters, 
to every of them twenty shillings apiece, to be paid to their several parents 
or governors &c. To Thomas Nicholson, citizen and currier of London, 
ten shillings, to Elizabeth Khige, wife of Robert Kinge, clothworker, 
twenty shillings, and to my kinswoman Alice Harris, now dwelling with 
me, forty shillings. To Robert Parke my ^Jemmall" ring and to Ed- 
ward Waterhouse my dagger, knife, chain and girdle. To the poor of 
St. Sepulchres without Newgate, London, wherein I now dwell, ten pounds 
in money and bread to be distributed amongst them on the day of my funer- 
al or the day after, as follows, viz*, to the poor in Smithfield quarter thirty 
five shillings in money and thirty five shillings in bread, to the poor in 
Holborn Cross quarter twenty shillings in money and twenty shillings in 
bread, to the poor in Church quarter fifteen shillings in money and fifteen 
shillings in bread, and to the pour in old bayley quarter thirty shillings in 
money and thirty shiUincrs in bread. To the poor of the said parish without 
Smithfield Bars twenty shillings in bread. To Alice and Roger Bryan, 



292 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

children of Henry Bryan, eoachmaker, ten shillings; apiece. The residue 
to my wife Alice Williams whom I do make and appoint sole executrix of 
this my last will. And overseers thereof I do make and appoint my 
brother in law Roger Pemberton, ray said son in law Ralph Wightman, 
my kinsman Thomas Morse and the said Robert Kinge, to whom twenty 
shillings apiece. 

Com. Court of London, Vol. 24, fol. oO. 

Alice Williams of St. Sepulchres without Newgate, London, widow, 
1 August, 1G34, proved 2b' January, 1G34. My body to be buried in the 
parish church of St. Sepulchres. To my son Sidrach Williams one hun- 
dred pouuds to be paid within ten years after my decease (*. e. ten pounds 
yearly). If he shall not live to receive the whole one hundred pounds what 
remaineth unpaid at his decease shall be paid to such children as he shall 
leave behind him. 

Item I give to my son Roger Williams now beyond the seas ten pounds 
yearly to be paid unto him by my executor for and during the term and 
space of twenty years next after my decease. And if he the said Roger 
shall not live to receive the same himself fully in such manner as aforesaid 
then I will what remaineth thereof unpaid at his decease shall be paid to 
his wife and to his daughter, if they survive, or to such of them as shall 
survive. And it is my will that my executor shall give security to the over- 
seers of this my will for the due payment of both the said legacies, as well 
to my eldest son Sidracke Williams as to my son Roger Williams, in such 
manner and form as aforesaid by assignment of the lease or leases (of my 
dwelling house and other tenements standing and bein^ on that side of the 
way wherein my dwelling house is situated) unto the overseers of this my 
will, or to such other persons as they shall think fit and indifferent to be 
trusted, by such sufficient assurance and conveyance thereof a3 my said 
overseers shall think fit and convenient. 

To my daughter Katharine the now wife of John Davies, clerk, twenty 
pounds yearly for and during the like term and space of twenty years next 
after my decease. In case of her death what remains unpaid &c. shall be 
paid as follows, the one half to the children she had by her former husband 
Ralph Wightman deceased, or to the survivor of them, and the other 
half to the said John Davies, if he shall survive, or to his children by my 
said daughter, or to the survivor of them. Security to be given for such 
payment out of the lease of the messuage or tenement called the Harrow 
in Cow Lane, over against my dwelling house on the other side of the 
way, and of three several tenements backside next adjoining. 

To my grand child James Williams, son of the said Sidrack Williams, 
five pounds within four years after my decease. To my grand child Anne 
Williams my chain of gold, two of my gilt spoons and one of my gilt cups. 
To my grand child James Wightman two of my silver beakers one wine 
bowl and two silver spoons. To Dorcas Wightman, his sister, one broad 
silver bowl and one other silver bowl; and to her sister Rebecca Wightman 
one other silver bowl and one other bread bowl of silver. To my grand 
child Elizabeth Davyes one silver salt and two gilt spoons, and to my grand 
child Hester Davies one beaker, one pot tint with silver and two spoons. 
I will and bequeath that my chest of linen, that is to say, the wainscot 
chest now standing at my bed's feet in my lodging chamber under the win- 
dow, to be equally divided between my said daughter's five children before- 
named &c. To my god daughter Alice Ballard my best gown and kirtle, 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 293 

my scarlet petticoat, best petticoat, two best smocks, two best coyfes and 
forty shillings in money, and to her daughter ten shillings. To ber brother 
Roger Bryan forty shillings. To Alice, the wife of Robert Barthorpp, the 
ten pounds which her husband bweth me and ten pounds more and my 
bible and my tawney rug. More to the said Robert Barthorpp and his 
wife five pounds to buy them blacks for mourning and twenty shillings a- 
piece to their three children. To my said son Sidracke Williams for blacks 
for his mourning three pounds and to my said son John Davies for blacks for 
himself his wife and children ten pounds. To my maid servant now dwelling 
with me my gown and kirtle with the embroidered lace and ten shillings. 
To my godson Robert Wolly twenty shillings, and to my other two god 
sons To by as Harvest and John Walker ten shillings apiece. To the poor 
of St. Sepulchres seven pounds, in bread or otherwise, about the time of my 
funeral, and forty shillings to be at that time bestowed upon a supper for 
my tenants at the house over the way called the Plarrow. To my said son 
John Davies, my loving friend and neighbor John May, scrivener, my good 
friend Robert Kinge. elothworker, and to the aforesaid Robert Barthropp 
for their pains to be takeu for me in assisting my executor as overseers of 
this my will twenty shillings apiece. 

All the rest and residue of my goods &c. &c. to my son Robert Williams, 
he paying my debts and legacies and performing my funeral and I make, 
constitute and ordain the said Robert Williams my full and sole executor. 

Wit: Henry Walker, John Collys (his mark), John Thomas. John Hub- 
bard, John May scr. Com. Court of London. Vol. 27, fol. 12. 

Ralph Wightman, citizen and merchant taylor of London in the parish 
of Mary le Bow, 27 December 1628, proved 9 February 1628. To be 
buried in the parish church aforesaid by my wife Judith deceased. My 
estate, according to the custom of this City, to be divided into three parts. 
The -one part I give unto my loving wife Katherine Wightman; a second 
part I give unto my three children now living, James, Dorcas and Rebecca 
Wightman, and, if my wife should now be with Child, to him or her also a 
part of my second part; and the third part of my estate I give as follows, 
unto the parish of Inekley* and Wiekham in Leicestershire, for the poor 
thereof, forty shillings, to the poor of Mary le Bow twenty shillings, to 
my cousin Plzechias Wightman twenty shillings, to my cousin Ralph Prior 
twenty shillings, to my sister Eaton twenty shillings and to every one of 
her children now born five shillings apiece, to my mother Williams twenty 
shillings to buy her a ring, to my brother George's wife ten shillings and 
to every of his children rive shillings apiece, to my brother Robert Wil- 
liams ten shillings, to my servants with me at my decease five shillings a- 
piece. And the rest of my third part, the legacies, debts and funeral 
charges paid, to be divided into three parts; one I give to my wife Kathe- 
rine, a second part to my son James and a third part to my two daughters. 
If my wife shall die before my children and all my children die before 
they come to age, then (by a certain division) to my brother George and 
his children, my sister Eaton and her children, my cousin Ezechias, my 
cousin Ralph Prior and my wife's brother and their issue, viz 1 , my brother 
Sidrach, my brother Roger and my brother Robert Williams or any of their 
children living. My wife Katherine Wightman to be sole executor and 
my brother Sydrach Williams, my brother George Wightman, my brother 
Roger Williams and my cousin Theophilus Riley to be overseers, and to 
have twenty shillings apiece to buy them a ring. Ridley, 18. 

* Otherwise Hinckley. 



294 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Judy> 

A Marriage LiceDse was granted to Sydrach "Williams, of St. Gabriel 
Fencburch Street, merchant taylor, and Anno Pinner of Si Michael ad 
Bladum (St Michael Querne), widow of Francis Pinner grocer, — at St. 
Michael aforesaid.— 10 Oct. 1G21. B 

[Col. Chester's Marr. Lie. &c] 

Admon. of the goods &c. of Sydrach Williams lately of St. Olave Hart 
Street, London, but at Barwiek in the County of York deceased, 
ed 29 April 1847, to John Myster principal creditor. 

Admon. Act Book (1647) fol. 40. 

Ralph Moore of St. Alban's, Herts, gentleman, 1 May 1618, proved 
28 October 1G20. All my goods and chattels &c. to the poor of the parishes 
of St. Alban's and St. Peter's in the town of St. Alban's. Ralph Pember- 
ton of St. Alban's, gentleman, to be executor. Roger Pemberton of St. 
Alban's, gentleman, to be overseer. Nicholas and Raphe Cotchett among 
the witnesses. Soame, 105. 

Roger Stokes of the town of St. Alban's in the Co. of Hertford, draper, 

3 July 1578, proved 4 August 1578. To my father-in-law John Arnold, 
one of the chief Burgesses of St. Albans, ten pounds. To my father in 
law John Shadd, lace of St. Albans, ten pounds. To my brother Robert 
Stokes and to Thomas Holder). M r . of Art, the lease &c. of the two tene- 
ments wherein I now dwell. My brother Robert Stokes to be executor. 

The executor, Robert Stokes, having died, Admon. was granted Roger 
Pemberton next akin. Langley, 32. 

Robert Stokes of St. Alban's &c. M r . of Art, 2 August 1578, proved 

4 August 1578. To my cousin Roger Pemberton my customary and copy- 
hold lauds within the manor of Park, Gorham &c. My friend Thomas 
Holden of St. Albans. My cousins Frances and Thomas Blackborne. My 
cousin Thomas Blackborne. To mine Aunt Pembertou an Angel in gold. 

Langley, 32. 
Roger Pemberton of St. Alban's &c. Esq. 13 November 1624, proved 

5 December 1627. To be buried in the parish church of St. Mary Bow, 
London. Provides for an almshouse for six poor widows, having pur- 
chased, for that purpose, a close or meadow or pasture in Bowgate ill the 
parish of St. Peters, in the town of St. Alban's, in mine own and my son 
Ralphe's name. My three sons John, Robert and Ralphe and my son 
Wolley and their heirs shall have the placing and displacing of the same wid- 
ows in the several rooms, they to be above three score years of age and of 
good honest life and behavior and of civil carriage, two to be of St. Peters 
two of St. Stephens one of St. Michael and one of Shenley. To my son in 
law Robert Wolley one signet of pure and fine gold of the value of five 
pounds, with my arms to be engraven thereupon. To my friend and bro- 
ther in law M r . Fraeis Kempe one signet of pure and tine gold, to be of the 
value of five marks, with my arms to be engraven thereupon. To my 
brothers in law Nicholas Cotchett and Jeremy Odell, to either of them, one 
hoop ring of gold, of the value of twenty shillings apiece, with this poesie 
(not the gift but the giver) to be engraven thereon. To my wife and my 
daughter Tecla Wolley, to each of them a hoop ring &c. with this poesie 
(my love to you). To each of my daughters in law Katherine Pemberton, 
Susan Pemberton and Frances Pembertou one hoop ring, with this poesie 
(keep the golden mean). 

Item 1 give and bequeath unto my cosen and Godsonne Roger Williams 
the some of ten pounds of lawfull english money. To my two godsons 



1889- j Genealogical Gleanings in England. 295 

Ralph Cotchett and Roger Odell twenty shillings apiece. To each of my 
grandchildren Ellen Wolley and the three Elizabeth Pembertons one hoop 
ring of pure gold, of the value of thirty shillings apiece, with this poesie 
to be engraven therein (feare God). My wife and my sou Ralph to be 
executors. 

A codicil to this will was made 7 November, 1627, in which are mentioned 
various other grandchildren (including Robert, son of John Pemberton). 

Skynner, 117. 

, [The above will makes it clear that the.Ifcoger Femborton whom James Wil- 
liams called "brother in law" and who himself referred to Roger Williams as 
11 cosen" (j. e. nephew) " and godsoune," belonged to a family residing at St. 
Alban's, Herts., whose pedigree is thus given in the Visitation of Hertfordshire, 
1634, published by the Harleian Society in 1886 : — 

ROBERT PEMBERTON==Catlierine, da. of 

of St. Alban's, co. Herts. J 



Roger Pemberton of St. Alban's=EIizabeth, da. of Raffe More 

I of St. Alban's. 



Catheriu, da. of=John Pernberton— Elizabeth, da. Raffe Peml2erton=Francee, da. 

William Ansell 



of London. 
lux. 



of St. Alban's, of relict of St. Alban's, j of Francis 

living 1634, of . . . Audiey. 2 son. j Kempe. 

eldest son. I 



It II I I I II | 

1. John Pemberton. Elizabeth. Catherin. 1. Francis. 1. Elizabeth. 3. Anne. 

2. Robert. Mary. 2. Ralfe. 2. Frances. 

Among the Funeral Certificates at the College of Arms is one for the Right 
Worshipful Roger Pemberton, of St. Alban's, co. Herts, Esq., who departed this 
life 13 Nov. 1627. The names and matches of his children and the names and 
ages of his grandchildren are given. His second son, Robert Pemberton, mar- 
ried Susan, daughter of Roger Glover of Beckett orBewcott. in co. Berks, Esq., 
and sister of the Rev. Josse Glover of New England, and died at St. Alban's in 
the Summer of 1623. His will, proved m the Prerog. Court of Canterbury, I ex- 
pect to give in connection with that )f his father in law and other wills bearing 
on the various alliances of the Glover family. 

Admon. of the goods of Robert Pemberton was granted in the Court of the 
Archdeacon of St. Alban's, 30 September, 1578, to his widow Katherine Pember- 
ton. 

License to marry was granted, 6 May, 1579, to Roger Pemberton of St. Alban's, 

Herts., and Elizabeth Moores, spinster, of the same — at St. Anne and St. 

Agnes, London. The two marriage licenses of his son John may also be found 
in Col. Chester's Marriage Licenses of London. 

Now it so happens that there was a clergyman named Roger Williams lining 
contemporaneously with Roger Pemberton in St. Alban's," to the Rectory of 
which he was inducted 30 April, 1583. He was also inducted to the Vicarage of 
St. Peter's, in the same Borough, 1 March, 1502. He rnui>t have died before 2 
January, 1626, when his (nuncupative) will, made 26 June, 1619, was proved in 
the Court of the Archdeacon of St. Alban's (Book Dainty, Foi. 166). The wit- 
nesses were Andrew Zinzau and James Rolfe Esq 1 ' 3 , and his wife Atfradosa. It 
was to the effect that his wife should have all. Being asked by the said James 
Rolfe if he woidd give nothing from her to his kindred, he replied and said no, 
for he had done well for them already. And then his said w ife coming into the 
Parlor wiiere he lay on his bed, the said Andrew Zinzau and James Rolf being 
still there present, "the said James Rolf said unto her, Mrs. Williams you are be- 
holden to your husband, for his will is you shall have all his goods and estate 
at his death and will give nothing from you to his kindred, wiiereunto the sa : d 
Roger answered and said, in her presence, no. I will give nothing to them from 
her for I have done enough for them already. 



296 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July* 

AfTrndosa, above Darned, THIS not his first -wife, for I find license granted 
to Roger Williams, clerk, of St. Alban's, Herts., and Alice Asheton. spins- 
ter, of Chishuil Magna, co. Essex, dan. of William Asia-ton, clerk. Vicar of 
Meldreth in the Diocese of Ely, to be married at Chishull Magna aforesaid, 23 
January, 1589-4.— Col. Chester's M'.rr. Lie. 

I trust that I may be allowed a departure from my usual custom of lotting 
the evidence gathered in my gleanings speak for itself, and be permitted to call 
Attention to the significance of a few of the facts in the present case. 

The Mill of Alice Williams, here given, made in the summer of 1634, refers to 
her son Roger as ; ' now beyond the seas :" ^he does not say where, she does uot 
even say "in New England." Are there any good reasons for supposing that 
he was our famous "asserter of religious freedom." as Mr. Savage has called 
him. HOAv do the known facts tally? Our Roger Williams called himself nearly 
four score years of age in 167D. Roger the son of James and Alice Williams 
had an elder brother Sydrach who received license to marry in 1621. It ->eems 
reasonable to suppose that he was from twenty one to twenty-four years of age 
at date of marriage. Allowing a difference of two years between their ages, 
Roger, his brother, would have been born. say. between 1590 and 1G02. So we 
are not met by any apparent discrepancy in the matter of aire. Mrs. Alice Wil- 
liams mentions, besides Sidrach and Roger, another son, Robert. Our Roger 
had (according to Savage) a brother Robert. In August, 1034, the Roger spoken 
of by his mother as - ; beyond the seas " had a wife and a daughter. At that very 
time our Roger was beyond the seas, so far as his English relatives were con- 
cerned, and with a wife (Mary) and a daughter (Mary), the other children whom 
he is known to have had being born after that date. Thus far then there seems 
nothing improbable in the theory that Roger, the son of James and Alice Wil- 
liams of London, was the very Roger Williams who founded Providence Plan- 
tations; on the contrary, to me. I confess, it seems very plausible. What 
stands in the way? Only Tkadition, which says that he was born in Wales. 
Tradition, I frankly acknowledge, does not weigh much with me. I will only 
say that it seems to me as easy to believe that Roger, the son of James and 
Alice Williams, was bora in Wales as that our Roger, who is said to have 
been at Charter house from 25 June, 1621, to 9 July. 1624, was born there. In 
fact it would take very strong evidence to make me believe it of either. We 
have one well known fact, bearing upon this, which Mr. Savage refers to, but 
with the omission of what I must deem a very important part. I refer to the 
memorandum written on the back of one of our Roger Williams's letters by Mrs. 
Anue Sadieir, daughter of Sir Edward Coke, which was as follows : — 

"This Roger Williams, when he was a youth, would, in a short hand, take 
sermons and speeches in the Star Chamber and present them to my dear father. 
He, seeing so hopeful a youth, took such liking to him that he sent him to Sut- 
ton's Hospital, and he was the second that was placed there." 

That a Welsh boy of that period should be practising short hand, frequenting 
the Star Chamber in Westminster and taking notes of speeches delivered there, 
seems to me absurd on the face of it. Such a statement could only apply, with 
any show of reasonableness, to a London boy, and then only to one occupying 
a good position. In Roger, the son of Alice Williams, we find a lad who was 
closely related to a gentle family, the rembertons. known in London as well as 
in St. Alban's; and perhaps in the person of Henry Lyde,* Esq., of West- 
minster, with whom the father, James Williams, was so closely connected in the 
management and oversight of Mrs. Margery Pate's estate, we may rind the chan- 
nel of influence by which young Roger Williams got access to the Star Chamber. 

In my view of the absurdity of the supposition of Mrs. Sadleir's statement 
applying to a Welsh lad, I am confirmed by my friend David Jones, Esq. I 
have his permission to quote what he says about the formerly accepted theory : 

" The story, viewed as a whole, is so highly improbable and inconsistent that 
it falls to pieces upon very slight examination: that is, when you have once 
begun to suspect its unsoundness. There is of course nothing seriously impro- 
bable or preposterous in the supposition that the son of a Welsh farmer, of the 
reign of James I., should go to a Welsh College at Oxford,! take orders in 

• A pedigree of this family may be found in the Visitation of London (1634), published 
by the Harlehm Society (Vol. II. page 66). See aiso Vi-ira:^n of Oxford- 

t This allusion to a " Welsh College of Oxford " refers to the theory maintained by Prof. 
Elton, in his life of Roger Williams, that he was the Rodericus Williams admitted into 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 297 

the Chinch and afterwards distinguish himself amongst his fellows. The ttiing 
has been done over and over again, hi a greater or less degree, both during 
Williams's period and since his day. But to say that a Lad from the midst of 
the hilly district in niid South Wales should in the reign of James have received 
in 'his native hamlet' an education fitting him to take down In short hand 

• sermons and speeches in the Star Chamber,' and coming to London all unfriend- 
ed does all this and becomes on friendly terms with great judges of the high 
courts of law, aud to this owes altogether his stepping stone to a University 
career, is a story which one does not expect to read anywhere outside the covers 
of the | Arabian Nights.' At any rate it Mould answer admirably for a new- 
collection of tales of imagination and marvel. On the other hand there would 
be nothing marvellous in a clever London youth, of the reign of James, picking 
up short hand, doing just what .Mrs. Sadleir has described her Roger Williams 
as having done, and the clever youth thus getting his ' leg up' on the horse on 
which he" gallops oh" to the University and so on to the grand highway of life." 

Since the foregoing was put into type 1 I have obtained, through the kindness 
of Archdeacon Lawrence, of St. Albans, the following extracts from the parish 
register of St. Albans, which begins 17 Nov. 1558 : — 

Baptisms. 
Randall Pemerton 10 March 1559. 
Ellin Pemberton 22 November 1501. 
John Pemberton, son of Robert, 20 June 15G3. 
Alice Pemberton, daughter of Robert, 18 February 15GL 
Elizabeth Moore, daughter of Rafe, 18 Match 1564. 
Mary Pemerton, daughter of Robert. 1 February 15(36. 
Sara Pemerton, daughter of Robert, 20 September 1563. 
John Pemerton, son of Roger, 15 Dec. 1583. 
Robert Wolley, son of Robert, 7 March 1590. 

B TRIALS. 

Robert Pemerton 15 December 1500. 
Joane Pemerton 8 January 1500. 
Randall Pemerton July 1501. 
Roger Stokes 4 July 1578. 
Robert Pemerton 10 July 1578. 
John Pemerton 19 July 1578. 
Robert Stokes 5 August 1578. 
Florence Pemerton August 1578. 
Ellen Pemerton 7 August 1578. 

Pemerton 10 August 1578. 

Alice wife of Mr. Roger Williams, parson of the parish church of St. Albans. 

3 April 1013. 
Mr. Roger Williams, B.D. and parson &c 10 November 1626. 

Marriages. 
Roger Stokes and Emme Arnold 9 June 1578. 
Robert Rawlinson and Mary Pemerton 19 September 1586. 
Mr. Roger Williams and Mrs Aphrodoza Moore, widow,* 7 June 1613. 

With the help of Mr. A. Parkins, parish clerk of St. Peter's, in the same 
borough, I am enabled to publish the following extracts from the register of 
that parish, which aLso begins 17 November 1558 : — 

Baptisms. 

Elizabeth Pemberton, daughter of Roger, 27 December 1585. 
Robert, son of Mr. Roger Pemberton, 23 December 1586. 
Elizabeth, daughter of M r . Roger Pemberton, 20 May 1590. 
Tecla, daughter of M r . Roger Pemerton, 27 September 1592. 

Jesus College, Oxford, 30 April 1624, the theory which, I understand, is not now held by 
any New England genealogists. With the mime Rodoricas staring in one's face, a name 
certainly not interchangeable with Rogerus, the wonder is that such a theory was ever 
broached. 

* She was widow of William Moore, gen 1 , of St. Aiban's, and daughter of Alexander 
Zinzan, of St. Michael in St. Aibau's, gen 1 (see Col. Chester's Marr. Lic.j. 

VOL. XLIII. 2Q 



298 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

Ellon, daughter of Mr. Robert Wolley, 15 October 1611. 

Roger, son ol' Mr, Robert Wolley, 12 November 1612. 

Robert, sun of Mr. Robert Wofleye, 2 Auirust 1615. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Robert Wolleye, 15 June 1618. 

Elizabeth, dan. of Rafe Pemcrton by Frances his wife, 30 November 1618. 

Kat.herinc, dan. of Mr. Robert Wolley by Thecia bis wife, 25 Jr.lv 1620. 

Frances, dau. of Rafe Peniertou by Frances his wife, 21 August 1620. 

Bl'BI.VLS. 

Mrs. Mario Pemcrton, wife of Mr. Rafael Ptetnertoa Esquire, 1 May 1010. 

Roger, son of Mr. John Pemcrton. 27 July 1611. 

Roger, son of Mr. Robert Wollye, December 1015. 

Mr. Rocrer Pemberton Esq. 20 November 1027. 

John, son of Mr. Robert Wolley, 31 March 102S. 

Mr. Robert Pemberton 29 May I0:>s. 

Martha, daughter of Mr. John IVinmcrton, 12 July 1028. 

Susan, of Mr. John Pemberton, 9 November 1030. 

Katherine, wife of Mr. John Pemberton, 2 December 1030. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. John Pemberton, 21 March 1025. 

Mr. Raph Pemberton 1.1 October 104-1. 

Mr. John Pemberton 7 January 104-1. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Pemberton. widow, 15 July 1015. 

Anne, daughter of Mr. Ralph Pemberton, 22 March 1054. 

Anne, daughter of Mr. Robert Pemberton, 13 May 1058. 

Mrs. Frances Pemberton, widow, 25 May 1059. 

Marriages. 
Mr. Samuel Bedford and Mrs. Frances Pemberton 28 December 1044. 

I have also since then received from Mr. Dean a cutting from the Boston 
Evening Transcript of Friday, 5 April, 18S9, containing an abstract of a paper 
read before our society, on the preceding Wednesday, "by II. A. Guild, LL.D., 
Librarian of Brown University, on "The Birth, Parentage and Life of Roger 
Williams," in which he advances the theory that he was the third son of William 
Willyams of Rosoworthy, near Gwinear, Cornwall, born 21 and baptized 24 Dec. 
1602 at Gwinear, and that he Lad brothers William and Arthur and a sister 
Margaret. 

I trust it is not necessary for me to say that my own attention was drawn to 
this case long ago, before I learned of that significant clause in the memoran- 
dum of Mrs. Sadieir, referring to the short-hand notes taken in the Star 
Chamber. Bearing in mind what I supposed was regarded by all genealogists 
as an accepted fact, viz.. that our Roger Williams had a brother Robert Wil- 
liams, and seeing no sign of a Robert in this family, I made up my miud, as I 
believe every sound genealogist would have done, that I must wait until more 
light should be thrown on the subject or a better and more promising case 
appear. So far then as it depended on my judgment the hearing in the case of 
Roger Williams of Gwinear may be considered as having been adjourned sine die. 
If I had been called upon to render a verdict it would have been the Scotch verdict 
of not proven. Upon receipt of the abstract of Dr. Guild's paper I read it with 
the most careful scrutiny, again and again, and took pains to consult sundry of 
my antiquarian friends whose opinions in such matters I valued; but with the 
same result; allowing the same, conditions as before the verdict would have been 
as before, not pro-ten. Dr. Guild's method of getting round the obstacle by the 
assumption that our Roger Williams in calling Robert Williams "brother" 
meant "brother-in-law"' seemed altogether too violent an assumption. I knew 
of course, every antiquary of experience knows, that instances may be found, 
many instances in fact, where the term brother was used and brother-in-law is 
to be understood. I have no doubt that several instances may be found in these 
Gleanings. Ralph Wightinafi, for example, in his will speaks of brothers 
Sidrach, Roger and Robert Williams. Every one, who sees that, will assume 
that brothers-in-law was meant, and would be justified in such assumption. 
The same Ralph Wigktinau speaks of a hroth'-r George Wightman. Would auy 
one be justified in assuming that, here too, brother-m-Un? was meant? Can Dr. 
Guild cite a single instance Of the >ort to support him in such an assumption? 
And, if so, will he give the particulars and surrounding conditions and circum- 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 299 

stances? I can imnsino. to bo sure, a case where there might be evidence in 
other ways so oyerwhelniiug in its height as to compel us to have recourse to 
such an assumption ; but I can truly say that I do not recall ever having met 

with such actlse. Ila-^ Dr. Guild? Certainly this cannot he called such a case. 
But since the receipt of Dr. Guild's paper, Mr. J. O. Austin, the compiler of 
the Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, has sent me a bit of information 
which settles the case Of Roger Williams of Gwinear, as every genealogist will 

admit. It seems that the founder not only alluded to Robert Williams as 
"brother," but in one instance, at least, called him ••mine own brother." Xo 
one, I suppose, Would dream of substituting " brother-in-law " for that expres- 
sion; and Ave may therefore consider the claim of Roger of Gwinear as finally 
dismissed, and judgment entered against the claimant. 

Before leaving the consideration of Dr. Guild's paper, let me say that I have 
to thank him for one item of information which I did not know before, i.e. that 
Roger Williams also alluded to another brother (besides Robert) whom he 
describes as "a Turkey merchant in London." This may very well apply to 
Sidrach Williams, whom we already know to have been a merchant taylor of 
London. I have found, in the course of my investigations (and it is well known 
by English antiquaries), that it was a very common thing for members of the 
great companies to be engaged also in other trades and businesses and to be mem- 
bers of other companies In my examination of the Books of Apprenticeships 
belonging to the Company of Skinners, some years ago. I found several instances, 
such as — William Tbwerson, Skinner and Merchant Adventurer of Muscovey, 
Turkey and of Eastland": "William Cockaine, Skinner and Merchant Advent- 
urer and Merchant of Spaine and Tortingale." &c. &c. If the books of the 
Merchant Taylors' Company are ever examined iu the course of this investigation, 
as they ought to be, I would advise that a very careful search be made, say 
between 1620 and 1147. for all references to Sidrach Williams, with the hope of 
finding some such entry as the above. 

Dr. Guild makes another statement which seems worth calling especial atten- 
tion to, viz., that Roger Williams was accompanied to New England by 
"Thomas Angell. a lad of fourteen, who had been indented as his servant." 
Savage had already referred to this as one of two traditions, but also added that 
he "came from London." In connection with all this the following Marriage 
License becomes interesting : 

John Pemberton, citizen and grocer of London, and Katherine Angell, of St. 
Thomas Apostle, said city, spinster, daughter of William Angell,* of same, 
citizen and fishmonger of London — at St. Thomas Apostle aforesaid. 10 Jan. 
1609-10. B. (Col. Chester's Marriage Lie.) 

Now turn to the Pemberton pedigree, already given, and note the significance 
of this fact. That very John Pemberton was cousin german to the Roger Wil- 
liams who was "beyond the seas " in 1634. I suppose we may be allowed to 
look upon such a coincidence as a genealogical straw, may we not? 

The question of the wealth, either of James Williams of St. Sepulchre's, Lon- 
don, or of William Willyams of Rnseworthy, Cornwall. I do not feel competent 
to discuss. I have not the data on which to base an opinion, nor do I have any 
faith that with searching I could find out enough to warrant me in forming an 
opinion that I should feel justified in making public. I am quite ready to be- 
lieve that both families were well-to-do. 

Let me suggest however to Dr. Guild that he has no right to use the term 
heiress instead of co-heinss, as if they were equivalent, terms. Alice Williams 
was, in fact, a daughter and co-heiress of Roirer Iloueychurch. And let me also 
suggest to the readers of his paper that until we learn, first, what the value of 
Roger Honeychurch's estate was, and, secondly, how many daughters and co- 
heiresses there were for this estate to be distributed amongst, it will be useless 
to attempt to form any opinion about the wealth of Mrs. Alice Williams or to 
base any argument thereon as to the riches of her son Roger. The terms heiress 
and co-heiress, so often found in Heralds' Visitations, merely show that in the lack 
of male heirs the inheritance of an estate passed to females ; and nothing can 

* For tliis William Angell, Esq. (.is he i> styled in pedigree arid will), sec Visitation of 
London (ttarh Sue-. Pun ), Vol. I. ;.. IS. [lewns si-rgchnt of the Catcry, &e. Hi.-, will :v.?.y 
be found regU-tered in Y. C. C. (Ridley, 8"). The witt of Lis son lames (Lee, 49) mcnt.ons 
a wife and six children, among whom a sun Thomas. 



300 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

be predicated as to the value of such an estate. Whether Ro^er Honeyehurch 

left ten pounds or ton thousand pounds his daughter Alice would still have been 
called co-heiress. But, allowing that we knew the Honeycharch estate to be a 
large one, it -would still be unsafe for any one to pronounce Alice Williams 
wealthy until the number of co-heiresses should be known. There mnu have 
been a good many of them and each single share, consequently, a small one. 
We read of some rather large families in former times. Some years ago I found, 
at the British Museum (in Stowe MSS. IX.-70). a declaration made by one 
Thomas Greenhill. I Sept. 1C> ( .^, that he had been the seventh son and thirty 
ninth child of William Greenhill. of Greenhill in Middlesex, by his only wife, 
Elizabeth daughter of William Dwight, of London. On this account, we are 
told, he was allowed by the Heralds (inter alia) to have the paternal crest (a 
demi griphon) powdered 'with thirty nine mullets Or. And, not long since, I 
heard this story coniirmed from another quarter, by a gentleman who had seen 
a portrait of this very Mrs. Elizabeth Greenhill, on the back of which had been 
inscribed the statement that she had been the mother of thirty-nine children. 
Thirty-two of these must have been daughters. Fancy even a large estate divi- 
ded among thirty-two co-heiresses ! By this time. I trust, the reader will have 
come to a conclusion, with me, that the only value which, with our present 
information, we can safely attach to the " co-heiress," as applied to Alice Wil- 
liams, is a purely heraldic one as entitling her lawful issue to quarter the arms 
of Honeychurch upon their paternal coat. 

In regard to the wealth of Roger Williams, himself, too, I do not see suffi- 
cient data furnished to warrant me in forming an opinion. The description of 
his house in Salem is painted in colors so bright as compared with the more 
quiet and subdued tints used by my friend and colleague, William P. TJpham, 
Esq., that I. dare not take it at Dr. Guild's valuation. I learn from this paper 
that our Roger Williams referred to Chaneery suits in which he lost large sums. 
The examination of Chancery Proceedings may enable us to learn how much he 
lost there. " His banishment and forced flight in mid-winter" (we are told) 
" debarring him from Boston, ' the chief mart and port of New England.' was 
a loss to him, using his own words, ' of many thousand pounds.' " At first this 
seemed something detinite and conclusive ; but on looking at it again and noting 
more particularly that first clause, giving the reason for his loss, i.e. that he 
was debarred from the chief mart and port of New England, the question would 
arise in my mind : Did he mean " many thousand pounds" in esse or in posse? 
Was it so much money actually owned and then lost, or was it so much money 
which he had expected to make and by banishment from this " chief mart " was 
"debarred" from making? I have been left in such a state of doubt that, at 
the risk of appearing stupid, I have concluded it best to await the result of the 
Chancery investigation or the discovery and publication of au inventory of his 
estate before making up my mind on this subject. 

I see that the dates of his entrance into the Charter House School and of the 
Exhibition which he gained there, once considered so well settled and estab- 
lished, are utterly denied in this paper, but no exact dates given in place^ of 
them, only a vague statement that he •• probably remained there until V/20, after 
which he studied law with Coke." This, of course, will impose upon some more 
cautious plodder the task of making a re-examination of the School Register 
and getting an exact statement of the actual facts in the case, so far as Charter 
House School is concerned. 

At the end of the paper we incidentally come upon another New England 
worthy of the same name. He it was (at least so says Dr. Guild) who entered 
into Charter House in 1G21 and gained that exhibition in 1^24:. Six years after- 
wards he crossed the seas to New England and settled in Dorchester. ' ; Proba- 
bly " (says Dr. Guild) he was the son of Mr. Lewis Williams of St. Albans, and 
born in August, 1607. If the newspaper report of this specimen of genealogizing 
is correct I feel constrained to express my opinion that Dr. Guild does not set 
before beginners in the study of genealogy as a science an example that I. could 
honestly: advise them to follow. 

In conclusion let me congratulate all who are interested in the subject upon 
the extreme probability that at Last we have - ; struck the trail" beyond the seas 
in the case of Roger Williams. There is a srood deal yet to be done in the way 
of research, and I hope that some one will be moved to carry on the work of 
investigation among probate records, the books of the Merchant Taylors' Com- 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 301 

pany and the Public Records. If James Williams was apprenticed in his youth 
to a merchant taylor, the entry of his apprenticeship would undoubtedly dis< lose 
the name, occupation or condition and place of abode of his father. In probate 
records the names of Alice Harris, Thomas Morse aud John and Katherine Davies 
should be hunted for. That will of Mrs. Margery Pate should be studied. &c. 
&c. I can see plenty of work to be done, and regret that I am debarred from 
. attempting it. 

Henry F. Waters. 

A proof of the above wills and Mr. Water s's first annotations on them 
was sent to Dr. Guild, of Providence, the author of the paper which Mr. 
Waters refers to in his later - annotations. Dr. Guild sends me the follow- 
ing notes. 

1. In a letter to Gov. Winthrop, dated Plymouth, 1632, the Roger Williams 
of Rhode Island speaks of his conversion in childhood, and of the persecution 
which he suffered from his family in consequence: — "In Christ Called and 
persecuted even in aud out of my father's house these twenty years." In the 
case of tins Roger Williams of St. Albans, or London, there seems to have been 
good feeling toAvards him on the part of the family. The father, James, died 
in 1620; his brother-in-law, Ralph Wigntman, died in 1628; and his mother 
Alice died in 1634. They all remembered him in their wills, giving to him the 
same as they gave to Ms brothers, Sidrach and Robert. In the" case of the 
Willyams family of Cornwall it was without doubt different. This was an 
aristocratic and wealthy family, included in Burke's " History of the Landed 
Gentry." Such families had little sympathy with Puritans and Separatists, 
whom they " persecuted." as the early history of >>ew England fully shows. 

'2. Our Roger Williams in his " George Fox" (Xar. Club Edition, page 146) 
speaks of a brother as being a member of the great and wealthy corporation 
known as the ''Levant or Turkey Company of Merchants," whose coat of arms 
is given by Guillim in his "Display of Heraldry." and whose membership in- 
cluded not a few of the nobility and gentry : — " Myself have seen the Old Testa- 
ment of the Jews, most curious writing, whose price (in the way of trade) was 
three score pouud, which my brother, a Turkey merchant, had and shewed me." 
This Roger Williams of St. Albans had an older brother Sydrach, a "merchant 
taylor," who died in 1647, and upon whose "goods &c." John Myster the 
" principal creditor" appears to have been administrator. His brother-in-law, 
Ralph Wightman, who died in 1628, was also a "merchant tailor." The Roser 
Willyams of Cornwall had two older brothers, William who succeeded to his 
father's title and estate, and Arthur who died in L6G9. 

3. In his " George Pox " (page 413), speaking of judicial oaths, Williams re- 
fers to " cases that have befallen myself in the Chancery in England &c. and 
of the loss of great sums which I chose to bear through the Lord's help (rather) 
than yield to the formality (then and still in use) in God's worship ; though I 
offered to swear as F. H. mentions they have done, aud the judges told me they 
would rest in my testimony and way of swearing, but they could not dispense 
with me without an act of parliament." This was probably before Williams left 
England, which was in 1630, and refers it would seem to the settling of an es- 
tate. If the founder of Rhode Island was of the Willyams family, of Cornwall, 
then his father died in June, 1623, at the age of 84, and he himself became of 
age in December following. His mother, who was an heiress, died in 1606, and 
her estate may be supposed to have been divided among her four children, 
William, Arthur, Roger and Margaret, upon the death of the father. In the case 
of Roger Williams of St. Albans" the father died in 1621. bequeathing to him 
twenty-five pounds, payable when he was 24 years of age, and one twelfth of the 
estate. This would hardly seem to meet the case of "great sums" which the 
founder of Rhode Island chose to lose rather than take the required oath. 

4. The exact age of Roger, the son of James and Alice Williams, is uude- 
termined. Roger, the son of William and Alice Willyams, of Cornwall, was 
born on the 21st of December, 1602. He lacked, therefore, three months of 
being 30 years old, when Roger Williams of Rhode Island wrote to Gov. Win- 
throp, saying that he was •' nearer upwards of 30 than 25." Had he been born 
say in June. 1602, he would have been quite •• upwards of 30*" If he was born 
in 1599, as has been generally supposed, then he must have been 25 years of age 
when he entered college. If, on the other hand, he was born on the 21st of 

VOL. xliii. 26* 



302 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

December, 1002, then he entered college (at the beginning of the second term) 
in just one month and eight days after he had attained his majority. This 
seems more probable if he had then come into possession of his share of Ms 
mother's or father's estate. The usual age for boys to enter college at this early 
period, it may be added, was fourteen. 

5. The Roger Williams of St. Albans and the Roger Williams of Cornwall 
were both of English birth. The tradition is that the founder of Providence 
Plantations was a Welshman. This cau be readily accounted for if he was born 
near Gwincar, Cornwall. The ancient Cornish language, says Max MQller, was 
a Celtic language formed from the Cymric and Gaelic, in which the Welsh 
dialect was predominant. Being brought up in the neighborhood of Wales, and 
possessing an ardent Welsh temperament, he would naturally be regarded as a 
Welshman by those who gave information in 1771 to Morgan Edwards, -who has 
handed down the tradition, and who was himself a Welshman. Williams in his 
Writings frequently refers to England as his native country, but never to Wales. 

6. The objection made by some to the Cornwall theory of the birth of Roger 
Williams, is that he calls Robert Williams his brother, when he may have been 
his brother-in-law, either as the brother of his own wife, or the husband of his 
sister Margaret. This, however, is not uncommon, as the readers of the 
Register well know. In these Genealogical Gleanings Ralph Wightmau also 
calls Robert Williams his brother. It is earnestly hoped that in all these re- 
searches and discussions the birth and parentage of the great apostle of civil 
and religious freedom may be ascertained, as in the case of John Harvard, the 
founderof Harvard University, beyond doubt or question. 

R. A. Guild. 

The editor of the Register would add a few remarks on Dr. Guild's annota- 
tions. 

1. I do not think enough is known about the religious sentiments of either 
of the Williams families to decide which would be mo&t likely to resist the 
Puritan tendencies of a child. 

2. It is possible that one of the sons of William Willyams of Cornwall may 
have been a member of the Levant or Turkey Company, but if he was I do not 
think he would be likely to take such an active part in its affairs as to be styled 
a "Turkey merchaut." Mr. Waters's notes in relation to Sidrach Williams are 
commended to the reader. 

3. The reference to the chancery suit is important, and the Chancery Proceed- 
ings may throw light on the parentage of our Roger Williams. Even if it is 
conceded that the matter related to the settling of an estate, which is not proved, 
we are not sure by whom the property was left. The time may have been 
before Williams left England or it may hase been later, say during his visit to 
England in 1043-4. 

4. Nothing cau be inferred from the respective ages of the two Rogers. One 
was born in Dec. 1G02, and the other was under 24 in 1G20, but how much under 
we do not know. 

5. The fifth point is worth noting. But the name Williams is considered of 
Welsh origin, and this may account for the tradition which cannot be traced 
back very far. 

6. Roger Williams calls Robert Williams his brother in several places, and 
once he calls him his ; - own brother," namely in Geonee Fox (vol. 5, of the Pub- 
lications of the Narraganset Club, page 47), where he says: "Mine own 
Brother Mr. Robert Williams School-Master in Newport desired to speak." &c. 
I do no think it necessary to add anything on this point to what Mr. Waters 
has written. 

Though I cannot agree with Dr. Guild in his conjecture as to the parentage 
of Roger Williams, I am read}' to concede to him great praise for his researches, 
during more than twenty years, into the life of Williams. 

The editor would be glad, if space allowed, to transfer to these pasres the 
earliest statements relative to the life of Williams before he came to New 
England, but he will have to content himself with referring the reader to the 
books where these statements anpear, namely: — Rev. Mr. Hubbard's History of 
New England, written about L68Q (Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. 1.",, page 202) ; Stephen 
Hopkins's History of Providence, written in 170") (Ma^si Hist. Coll., vol. 19. 
page jfe&8) ; Rev. Morgan Edwards's Materials for the History of the Baptists of 
Rhode Island, compiled in 1771 (R. I. Hist. Coll., vol. G, page 316) : Rev. John 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 303 

Sanf orcl's entries in 1775. on the records of the First Baptist Church of Provi- 
dence (Benedict's Hist, of the Baptists, vol. 1, pages 47:5-4); Rev. Isaac 
Backus's History of New England, with particular reference to the Baptists, 
vol. 3, published in 1796 (2d ed. vol. ii. p. 489); .Mrs. Anne Sadleir memoran- 
dum on a letter to her by Roger Williams, written about 1652-3 (Tub. of the 
Narrajiansct Club, vol. G, 1874, panes 252-3). See also Knowles's Memoir of 
Williams, 183-1, page 23; Eltou's fife of Williams, 1333, pages 9-12 ; Guild's 
Biographical Introduction to the Writings of Williams. 1866 (Pub. Narraganset 
Club, vol. 1), pages 5-9, and Arnold's History of Rhode Inland, vol. 1, 1859, 
pages 47-50.] 

SAMrsox Cottox, of the parish of S*. Michael Pater Noster in the 
Royal, London, citizen & draper of London, 17 January 163-1, proved 23 
July 1G35 by Elizabeth Cotton, relict aud executrix. To be buried in the 
parish church of St. Michael Pater xsoster, aforesaid, as near to the place 
where my loving father M r . Thomas Juxon was buried as conveniently may 
be. All debts paid and nmeralls discharged, all my personal estate. &c. 
according to the laudable custom of the City of London, shall be divided 
into three equal parts or portions; one third to wife Elizabeth; one other 
full third part unto & amongst Anne, Elizabeth, Job an, Hester, James, 
Sarah and Thomas Cotton, the children of me, the said Sampson Cotton, 
equally &c. ; the other third part to discharge legacies & bequests ecc. 

To my sister Elizabeth Rosewarden, widow, ten pounds per annum during 
her natural life ; at her death, to my said children. To my sister Anne 
Fuller, widow, two hundred & fifty pounds at the end of six mouths after 
my decease. To my mother-in-law, Mrs. Elizabeth Juxon, twenty pounds. 
To my brother Elias Juxon ten pounds. To my sister Mary Hobbey, wid- 
ow, five pounds. To John Hobbey live pounds. To my cousin Michael 
Handcorne five pounds. To Thomas Juxon three pounds. To Richard 
Juxon three pounds. To Philip Bowles three pounds. To M r . Worma 
forty shillings. To the church warden of S c . Michael Pater Noster in the 
royal, whereof I am a parishioner, towards the repairs of the said parish 
church, five pounds. To Andrew Vaughan three pounds. To Richard 
Sotherne three pounds. To Edward Lowe three pounds. To "William 
Outram forty shillings. To Sibill Maybanke, my servant, twenty shillings. 
To my cousin Elizabeth Decon twenty nobles currant English money. All 
these said several legacies, from Mrs. Elizabeth Juxon unto my cousin Eliza- 
beth Deacon, my will & mind is shall be paid at the end of six months after 
my decease. To my apprentice Thomas Lightfoote twenty nobles, to be paid 
him at the expiration of his apprenticeship, if he be then living & shall 
faithfully and diligently dwell with me and serve my said wife during the 
whole term of his apprenticeship. To seventy poor men ten shillings apiece 
after my funeral. My wife to be sole executrix, aud my friends, Philip 
Bowles and Michael Handcorne, overseers. 

Wit; Richard Rochdale, scr. and Samuel Ball servant to the said scr. 

A codicil, of same date, contains nothing that seems of importance gene- 
alogically. Sadler, 82. 

[The testator of the above will was the father-in-law of Edmund Sheefe (see 
the latter's will), and grandfather of Sampson Sheaf e of Xew England. That he 
did not belong to the same family as the Rev*'. John Cotton of Boston, would 
seem probable from a tricking of the arms of Sheafe impaling Cotton (1040), 
in Harleian MS. 1466, fo. 5 b ; to which my friend M r . Eedes called my attention, 
in the British Museum, aud which must apply to this match. These arms are 
as follow*, viz. : — Ermine, on a chevron gules, between ikree pellets, as many garbs 
or, impaling, per /esse, argent <£ azure, a Uoii rampant counterckanged. 

From this will we get another line of ancestry for Sampson Sheafe and his 
descendants, viz. : the " famous family" of Juxon. 






304 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [JuJy> 

I have numerous •wills and oilier notes relating to the Sheafe and Juxon 
families and their alliances. — ir. f. w.] 

Thomas Juxon, citizen and merchant taylor of London. 20 October 1 620, 
with codicil dated 6 November 1620, proved 5 December 1620, by Eliza- 
beth Juxon, relict & executrix. To be buried in the parish church of S*. 
Michael Pater Noster in the Royal, where I am a parishioner, at the upper 
end of the aisle on the right hand going into the said church, as near the 
place where my daughter Katheriue was buried as may be. My personal 
estate to be divided into three equal parts, according to the honorable cus- 
tom of the City of London. One full third part to my faithful wife Eliza- 
beth Juxou. One other equally just third part unto & amongst my child- 
ren unadvanced — that is to say — Albone Juxon, Elias ais Ellis Juxon, 
Thomas Juxon, Richard Juxon, my sons, and Sara Juxon, my daughter, the 
children of me the said Thomas Juxon and the said Elizabeth Juxon my wife 
(equally). The other third part I reserve for myself to pay legacies &c. Fifty 
pounds to the church wardens of the church of S £ . Michael Pater Nos.ter in the 
Royal, towards the repairing of the said parish church and of the windows 
belonging to the same, by and with the consent and direction of M r . Angell, 
M r . Archdale, M r . Browne, M r . Jadwin, 1 M r . Worsopp, M r . Cotten and M*. 
Rochdale, or any four of them (being vestrymen of the said parish) ; the said 
fifty pounds to be paid within one year after my decease and to be expended 
in three years. To M r . Woorme, parson of fhe said church, six pounds 
thirteen shillings four pence, wherewith to buy himself a mourning gown, 
or otherwise to be by him, at his own freewill, disposed of. 

I do give and bequeath the great ladder & hook, with a pole in it. now 
remaining in the said church and made and paid for by me. unto the said 
parish for the help of the parishioners and other neighbors upon occasion of 
accident of fire (from which need Good Lord defend us and this famous 
city) and, to the end the same may be safely restored if it shall so happen 
the same to be lent out of the parish, my will is that the church wardens of 
the said parish do cause a mark to be set thereupon whereby it may appear 
unto what parish the same do belong. I give unto the Company of Mer- 
chant tailors in London, whereof I am a member, wherewith to make them 
a dinner on the day of my funeral, twenty & five pounds. To the clerk 
of the same Company fifty three shillings four pence & to the Bedell of the 
same Company twenty six shillings & eight pence. Unto Susan Juxon. the 
daughter of my son Albone, fifty pounds, to be paid unto her at her full age 
of one & twenty years, or her day of marriage &c. &c. 

Item I do give and bequeath unto my son in law Sampson Cotton the 
sum of one hundred pounds, currant English money; and I do also give & 
bequeath unto my son Sampson Cotton to and for the use of Anne, Eliza- 
beth, Mary, Joane and Hester, the children of the said Sampson and Eliza- 
beth his wife, the daughter of me the said Thomas Juxou, fifty pounds apiece, 
currant English money &c. I do give and bequeath unto my son in law 
Richard Hobby one hundred pounds, and also, to and for the use of Robert, 
John, Richard, Anne, Rachell and Mary Hobby, the children of the said 
Richard Hobby and Mary his wife, the daughter of me the said Thomas 
Juxon, the sum of three score pounds <£c. To my son in lav/ William 
Pitt and Rebecca his wife one hundred pounds; and unto such child as my 
said daughter Rebecca is now big and goeth withall, ten pounds. And so 
God bless my sons in law Sampson Cotton, Richard Hobby and William 
Pitt, their wives and children. 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 305 

To my son Alboiie, one hundred pounds. To my son Eliai als Ellis one 
hundred pounds. To Thomas, Richard and Sara Juxon, my children, one 
hundred pounds apiece. My desire and request unto my said son Sampson 
Cotton is that he be aiding and assisting unto my said wife in the discharge 
of the trust which by this my last will I have reposed in her. Provision 
made to buv mourninir for wife, sons & daughters & their children and 
mourning cloaks for all such as shall be my servants at the time ol my 
decease, and also mourning for my maid servants. And for William Pitt 
the elder a mourning cloak and for William Marsh, a mourning cloak, or 
four pounds apiece in money (the two) wherewith to provide them cloaks. 
Also for to provide forty poor mens gowns to be given unto forty poor men, 
to wear at my funeral, aud no more mourning to be given at my charge 
either unto my own or my wife's kindred. To S\ Bartholomew Hospital, 
near West Smithfield, ten pounds. To Christ Hospital, near Newgate 
Market, London, twenty nobles. To my apprentice William Waundertou 
ten pounds, to be paid him at the end of his apprenticeship if he shall serve 
my said wife or my son Sampson Cotton the full term of his apprenticehood, 
truly, dutifully, faithfully and diligently. To all my workmen within my 
house, viz.: Michael Ilandcorne, Andrew Vaughan, Richard South wood, 
Edward Lowe and Richard Weare, forty shillings apiece. To my said 
wife ten pounds to this end & purpose, that she shall give and distribute 
the same unto Mary Hanckinson, my said wife's sister. 

To my wife all my lands, tenements &c. in Newbury, and the towns, 
parishes, fields & hamlets about Newbury, in Berks, &c. My messuage 
in Column Street, on the West side of the street, to my son Thomas and 
tenements in Newbury. My son in law Sampson Cotton & son Ellis Juxon 
to be overseers. 

"Wit: Ellis Crispe, Robert Angell, Edward Browne, John Worsopp, John 
Saal aud Richard Rochdale scr. 

In the codicil he revokes the bequest of a hundred pounds to Richard 
Hobby and gives to his loving friend Ellis Crispe, citizen & saiter of Lon- 
don, two hundred & tifty pounds at the end of twelve months next and 
immediately ensuing after that Elizabeth, the testator's now wife, shall 
after the decease of him the said Thomas Juxon, either marry or otherwise 
depart this mortal life, which of these two shall first aud next happen or 
come after the decease of the said Thomas. Soame, 116. 

[Thomas Juxon was an " adveuturer " or member of the Virginia Company 
of London. 

1 Thomas Jadwin, a member of the Virginia Company of London. 

John Jadwin patented 650 acres of land on the south side of Rappahaunock 
River, at the head of Sharp's Creek, formerly taken up by John Sharp, Nov. 13, 
1658, now renewed Feb. 12. 1062. Va. Laud Registry, Book No. 4, p. 566. It 
appears that a son of John Jadwin, patentee, went into Talbot Co.. Md., in 1672. 
C. C. Jadwin, Honesdale, Wayne Co., Penn., has in preparation a Jadwin 
Genealogy.— R. A. Brock, Richmond, Va.~\ 

John Scot of Mattox, Westmoreland County, Virginia, merchant, 28 
May 1700, now bound to sea. To my two sisters and their children that I 
believe is in Ireland, whose maiden names are Jane and Rebecca Scott, one 
hundred pounds sterling, to be paid by my executor, Gustavos Scott of 
Bristol. To my brother James's son, named Gustavos, thirty pounds ster- 
ling, to be paid out of the money his father aud mother k -is due" to me. 
To my brother Gustavos twenty pounds sterling, out of the said money due 
by sister. And in case the Ship Potomack Galley that I have shipt most 
of my tobacco on board should miscarry aud not get safe home, as God for- 



S06 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

bid, then my will is the above legacies to be paid but the half part of what 
I have above named, and the remainder to my wife and children &c. To 
my son John my plantation I now dwell on, that I bought of Capt. Thomas 
Mountjoy. If he dies before marriage, or before he cometh of age, the 
said plantation to go to ray daughter Jane and her heirs. To the said Jane 
the tract of land, five hundred acres on the North East branch of the Poto- 
mack RiVer in Maryland, called in the " Pnton" Strabane. with remainder 
to John and his heirs. The plantation of mine at the head of Pope's Creek 
which I bought from Abraham Field to my wife Sarah; — also the beuerit 
of the plantation I now dwell on until my son John come of age. The rest 
of my estate equally between my children John, Jane and my wife; and 
if she be with child then such child shall have one equal share. If my 
children all die without heirs, remainder to my nephew Gustavos Scott, 
next to my brother Gustavos. When my son John attains to the age of 
eight or nine years he shall be sent to England to his uncle Gustavos, to be 
kept at school there. 

My wife Sarah to be the executrix in trust and my kinsman M r Wil- 
liam Graham and Mr. Andrew Munroe 2 the executors in trust to my child- 
ren until they come of age. My son John and brother Gustavos Scott of 
Bristol to be executors. A mourning ring to John Hoare, and to his son 
John, my godson, a thousand pounds of tobacco. To my kinsman William 
Graham ten pounds (in money) and my watch which I carry to England to 
be repaired. To M r . Andrew Monroe my silver hiked sword and belt, a 
case of pistols and holsters. To M r . David Wilson a gold ring. 

Wit: Nathaniel Pope, Charles Tankersly, James Mason, David Wilson, 
Thomas Wickers. 

Corke 7b r y e 29 th . 1702 My Dcare this comes to advise that I thanke 
God I am safe arrived here and in good health and shall be cleere to Sale 
this weeke I can heare of noe convoy as yet if there be any hopes of Convoy 
in any short time I will stay for.it. if not I will sayle as soone as I get cleere. 
our beef stands us 5 s . a bar. more then I can buy for now. fouer of yours 
I have received which is a great satisfaccon to mee to heare of your health 
& wotel doles (sic) I pray Ood continue it to you and send you a safe 
delivery in his own goode time, I have receivd a Letter from Virginia from 
Couzen W m . Graham and the Cony of my Brothers Will which 1 have sent 
you & brother Galhraith with a Letter of Attorney by a Publ Notary for 
I heare the little John is gone for Bristol. So I would have brother and 
you to take Counciil and act as you see fit in for I am whole Executor in 
the Will next post I will write you more at large my love to brother and 
sister I hope bathing will prove effectual w th them. I thanke M rs . Long 
for her and give mine to her againe, and I wish her a good husband, my 
Deare be sure not to be forgettfull of what I formerly write you from 
Waterford that is to be kind to yourselfe I will send you by M r . flbwles 
some Tongues and Salmon I sent you by M r Becher S r . John Daddlestons 
sonn abroad peece with my kind love to yo r selfe I am yo rs Gust: Scott. 

Loving Brother. Inclosed is a Letter to you from W ni . Graham nnd a 
power of Attorney by a Not. Publ. from me and a copy of my broth" to 
Capt. ffrencklen tell me that M'\ Marten is gone to Br is toll so my desire is 
that you may take Counciil and do in it as you see fitt I (\oe suppose that 
Coll'''. Lee lias wret to me w ca per gues w c; ' may he some direction to you 
I have no more to Ad. but have dranke yo r health in a full glass of good 
Garrett with some of yo r ftieinds, Give my kind Lo. to Betty & Dolay & 



1889. ] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 307 

Gusay & Wotel Delay when they comes to Towne and Margaret and the 
same to your selfe. I rest yo r Lo. Brother Gust. Scott. 

Pray sell the little bagg of Iudico of mine y* at yo r house and you will 
oblige yo r bro : G : S : 

William Galbraith of the City of Bristol Merchant maketh Oath that 
on or about the Twentieth day oi' August last past Gustaves Scott of the 
City of Bristol Mariner, brother of John Scot late of Mattox of Westmore- 
land County in Virginia Merchant deceased set sail from the Port or Bristoll 
in a voyage for Cork in Ireland and Montserat and he further saith that on 
or about the Seventeenth day oi October last past this Deponent received 
by the Post a letter from the said Gustaves Scott from Cork aforesaid with 
one within on the same sheet of paper, for Elizabeth the wife of the said 
Gustaves Scott which letter is hereto fixed for the contents thereof this 
Deponent referreth himself and he saith that enclosed in the said letter 
there came a copy of the last Will and Testament of tiie said John Scott 
attested from Virginia which copy of the said Will this Deponent appre- 
hends by the said letter he the said Gustaves received whilst he was at 
Cork aforesaid. And this Deponent saith that after his receipt as afore- 
said of the said letter from the said Gustaves Scott this Deponent delivered 
the copy of the said Will to the said Elizabeth Scott together with the Let- 
ter aforesaid which Copy of the said Will this Deponent received again 
from the said Elizabeth Scott and the same was lately delivered by thi3 
Deponent or his agent unto M r . John Hill one of the Proctors of the Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury. And this Deponent further saith that these 
said letters are all the proper hand writing of the said Gustaves Scott with 
whose hand writing this Deponent is well acquainted. \V m . Galbraith. 

Jurat a pud Civi£ Bristoll xiiii° die Decembris 1702 Coram me Tho: 
Oldfield un mro mm Cur Cant Extr. 

Decimo nono die mensis Decembris Anno Domini Millesimo septin- 
gentesimo secundo Emauavit Commissio Elizabethae Scott ux et Attornatae 
lfemae Gustavi Scott modo in parcibus transmarinis fratris nralis et ltimi et 
unius Executorum nominat in Tesramento Johafiis Scott nuj) de Mattox in 
Com Westmorlandias in Virginia def ' hen etc. Ad Administrandum bona 
jura et eredita diet defti juxta tenorem et errectum Testulti ipsius defuncti 
in usum et beneiicium et duraute abfiia dci Gustavi Scott de bene et rideliter 
administrando eadem Ad Seta Dei Evangelia Jurat vigore comnis. 

Heme, 206. 

[ 2 This w r as probably Rev. Andrew Munroe, who appears among the ministers 
of the Established Church in 1696. Small- patents of land were granted an 
Andrew Munroe in Northumberland Co., Va.. the first of 200 acres, June 8, 1650, 
in which he is named as one of r.he "Head Rights." Book No. 1, p. 225, Va. 
Land Registry. 

Rev. John Munroe was a Rector in Northumberland Co., Va., in 1G92. The 
tradition in Virginia is that Andrew Monroe, the ancestor of President James 
Monroe, was a Major in the Royal Army, and came to Virginia after its defeat. 
Spencer Monroe, the father of the President, and John Monroe, appear among 
the signers to " Westmoreland Association," formed in opposition to the Stamp 
Act, Feb. 27, 1766.— R. A. Brock.] 

John Page of Gloucester County in Virginia, designing shortly a 
voyage for England, 20 April 1700, proved 2 January 1718. To my dear 
and loving daughter Elizebeth Page all her mother's clothes, rings and 
Jewells and five guineas to lay out on such Jewell or ornament as" she shall 
think proper, at the age of twelve year3, which will be on the fourth day of 



308 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

November in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and four- 
teen, and such a certain sum of money besides as with what is due from the 
estate of Capt. Francis Page 3 and Mrs Elizabeth Page (her mother) de- 
ceased, which will appear by im account of the said estates given into the 
General Court, will make the full sum of three thousand pounds of lawful 
English money, to be paid her at the age of twenty one years. To my 
dear and loving daughter Mary Page the full sum of three thousand pounds; 
that is to say two thousand pounds of the said sum to be paid her three 
months after the day of her marriage or at the age of twenty one years, 
which shall first happen, and the other thousand pounds to be paid her at 
the age of twenty one years, which will be on the twenty eighth day of 
January in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and twenty 
seven; also a pair of gold ear-rings set with rubies and rose diamonds, in a 
shagreen case, and one large gold wedding ring, one gold ring enamelled 
with blue and another with black, which were her mother's, and the half of 
all my china ware in my now dwelling house in the said Gloucester County. 
To my loving daughter in law Martha Page 4 all her mother's rings and Jew- 
ells except the ear-rings and the other three rings already bequeathed to 
my daughter Mary, and the other half of my china ware &c\, and one lirge 
common prayer book, with a shagreen cover, plated with silver and clasps, 
which was her mother's. To my loving son in law Mann Page, 5 upon his 
arrival in Virginia, a saddle horse such as he shall choose upon any of my 
plantations, and a large folio Bible with a turkey leather cover, plated with 
silver and clasps, a silver watch, a silver hilted sword, a •'* Tortes " shell 
and silver hilted hanger and belt, and one "Torter " shell and silver handed 
horsewhip, a crimson velvet housen and holster cape trimed with silver lace, 
•and a silver tobacco box, which were his father's, also five pictures in double 
lackered frames, now hanging in the parlor of my said dwelling house &c. 
(viz*) of his father Col. Matthew Page, of his mother Mrs Mary Page, of 
himself and of his two sisters Alice and Martha. 

Reference made to a bond to pay the said Mann Page (now under twen- 
ty one) to the value of two thousand pounds sterling in negroes, cattle, 
horses, mares, sheep, hogs, househould necessaries, working tools &c, and 
forty hogsheads of prized tobacco upon the plantation of the said Mann 
Page in New Kent County, which is to be in full payment of what is due 
to the said Mann Page out of his said father's estate. And whereas it would 
be a very great hindrance and loss to my said son in law Mann Page to 
have his plantation in Gloucester County unstockt when they shall come in- 
to his hands, therefore my will is that he may have the whole stock of 
negroes except George and Jemmy two of my carpenters and Doll and 
Poll two house wenches and their children (together with other stock &c). 
To my godson South Napier, 6 son of Robert Napier formerly of New Kent 
County, twenty pounds six months after my decease to buy him a young 
negro. To my god son Edward Diggs, son of Col. Dudley Diggs, twenty 
pounds at the age of twenty one years. To my godson Matthew Walker, 
son of M r Joseph Walker of York County, thirty pounds in six months 
after my decease, to be laid out in purchasing two negro children, which, 
with their increase, to go to him at the age of eighteen years. 

To my son John Page all the residue, both real and personal in England 
and Virginia or elsewhere, and he to be executor, at the age of eighteen 
years, which will be on the twenty second day of December in the year of oar 
Lord one thousand seven huudred and seventeen; and until my said son 
John Page shall attain to the age of eighteen years I appoint my loving friends 



1889.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 309 

M r . Edward Barkley, of Gloucester County, M r . Joseph Walker, of York 
County, M r . Robert Anderson juu r , of New Kent County, and M r . Richard 
Wiltshier of Gloucester County, Trustees to see this my last Will and Testa- 
ment duly executed, and my son in law Mann Page to be joined in this 
Trust at his age of twenty one. 

"Wit: Guy Smith cler., John Pratt, Hugh Hughes. 

2 January 1718, Deposition of Micajah Perry and Richard Perry, of the 
parish of S*. Katherine Cree Church, London, merchants, and John Page, 
of York County in Virginia, gentleman, that they were well acquainted 
with John Page the elder, late of Giocester County in Virginia, but at 
Bethnal Green in the parish of Stepney in the County of Middlesex, mer- 
chant, deceased, and with his handwriting for several years next before and 
till the time of his death, which happened sometime in the year one thou- 
sand seven hundred and ten &e. &c. 

The above will was proved by the oath of John Page the executor &c. 

Browning, 14. 

[ 3 John Page, son of Matthew the emigrant, married first, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Capt. Francis Page and his wife Mary daughter of Edward Digges;" and 
secondly, Martha, widow of Matthew Page. 

4 Wife of his son John. 

6 Son of his second wife. 

6 The name Napier is still represented in Virginia. The will of Patrick 
Napier, " chirurgeon," was probated in York county, Va., April 12, ICG'). He 
mentions wife Elizabeth, son Robert, and daughter Frances. — R. A. Buock.J 

Joseph Thorowgood (ante, page 154). We are favored by Mr. 
Brock with the following extract from a letter to him by Langdon Cheves, 
Esq., of Charleston, S. C, relating to the persons and places mentioned in 
Mr. Thorowgood's will, printed in the Register at the above reference : 

The plantation mentioned in that will is situated in St. James's (Goose Creek) 
paru-k in Berkeley county, about 20 miles from Charleston. It is still known as 
"Thoroughgood." It was granted to Joseph ThoroAvgood by the Lords Pro- 
prietors, and after his death passed to William Thorowgood, from whom it 
passed to Andrew Allen, of Charleston, Esq., and from him by descent to the 
Deas family. Joseph Thorowgood was, I believe, a son of Sir Benjamin 
Thorowgood, Knt., Alderman of London. 

The John Ashby mentioned was second son of George Ashby. Esq., of 
Quenby Hall, Co. Leicester. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Benjamin 
Thorowgood, Knt. (above mentioned). ( See Burke's Coma. Vol. IV., "Ashhy"). 
He was active in the settlement of Carolina and was created a " Cassique " under 
Locke's Constitution. 

His son John Ashby, Esq., of Quenby (in St. James's parish, South Carolina), 
second Cassique, was Receiver General of the Province. His family remained 
in possession of Quenby until after the war, 1861-1865. 

Philobert Cogan of Chard in the County of Somerset, gentleman, 10 
February 1640, proved 12 April 1G41. To the parish church twenty shil- 
lings. To the poor of the town of Chard twenty shillings. To my son 
Thomas Cogan one gold ring, or ten shillings. To Mary Ludloe, my 
daughter, one gold ring, or ten shillings. To Elizabeth Endecott, my daugh- 
ter, one gold ring, or ten shillings. To Martha Ilolway, my daughter, one 
gold ring, or ten shillings. To Margaret Cogan, my daughter, three hun- 
dred pounds. To Ann Robinson, my daughter, one gold ring, or ten shil- 
lings. To Susan Cogan, my daughter, one gold ring, or ten shillings. The 
rest to Ann my now wife whom I do make and ordain sole executrix of 
this my last will and testament. To my son Thomas (sundry moveables) 
after the decease of my said wife. And if he die without issue my daugh- 
VOL. XLIII. 27 



3 IT) Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July? 

ter Susan shall hold and enjoy my closes of land, meadow and pasture (de- 
scribed). If William Cogan, my cousin, do discharge my said executrix of 
all such bonds, bills and obligations as I do stand bound with aud for him 
unto M r . John Barcroft and Margaret Webb widow then I do give and de- 
vise unto him my said Cousin William the sum of fifty pounds. I desire 
my good friends M r . John Hody Gen*, and my son in law M r . Peter IIol- 
way to be my overseers of this my last will and testament. 

Evelyn, 40. 

[The following pedigree of this family is copied from vol. xi. paire 26 of the 
Publications of the Harleian Society containing the Visitation of .Somerset, in 
1G23. The arms are : Gules, three leaves erect argent. 

NICHOLAS COGAN = 
of Chard, co. Som. I 



Eobert Cogan. Richard. Thomas Cogan=Ehz. d. of Fisher 



1 3 of Chard. 2 



of co. Som. 



Thomas Cogan. Philibert Cogan of Chard=Ann, d. of Thos. Marshall 

1 set. 60, 1623. 2 of Downton, co. Wilts. 

Mary, set. 19. Martha, act. 10. Ann, ict. 6. Thomas, set. 13. 

Eliz., at. 16.' Margaret, at. 8. Susan, set. 3. 

[Signed] Philobert Cogan. 



The christian name of the last wife of Gov. John Endicott was Elizabeth. 
"Winthrop In his History of New England, under date of August 18, 16:30, has 

this entry : '-Capt. Endicott and Gibson were married by the governor 

and Mr. Wilson." According to Hubbard's New England, page 165. Roger 
Ludlow, deputy governor of Massachusetts, was a brother-in-law of Endicott. 
By the above will of Philobert Cogan, we find that Cosan had daughters, Mary 
Ludlow and Elizabeth Endicott. I infer that they were respectively the wives 
of Roger Ludlow and John Endicott. The christian name of the wife of Ludlow 
is not given in the Ludlow pedigree, by Messrs. Ludlow-Eruges and Scull 
(Register, vol. 42, page 183}. Mrs. Endicott may have been a widow in 1630, 
when she was married. All of Gov. Endicott's children were by his last wife, 
and this discovery will be particularly interesting to his descendants. 

Whether John Cogan of Boston, Mass., was related to this family or not. I 
do not know. He appears to have been from Devonshire, as in 1639 lie save 
Isaac Xorthcut, of Honiton, a power of attorney to receive any lcgacv under the 
will of his mother, widow Eleanor Cogan, of Tiverton in Devon.— (Lechford's 
Note Book, page 144.) lie had wives, Ann and Mary, the latter of whom died 
14 Jan. (11 mo.) 1651-2 (Register, x. 71). His last wife was Mrs. Martha 
Winthrop, widow of Gov. John Winthrop, to whom he was married, 10th 
March (1 mo.) 1651-2, " p' M r John Endicott Governo r " (Register, x. 222; 
xx. 144). She was a daughter of Capt. William Rainsborough, and her first 
husband was Thomas Coytmorc (Register, xxxiv. 254; xl. 161). See letter of 
Rev. John Davenport, where her death is noticed in Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. 30, 
page 45. — Editor. 

A coincidence worth examining is the fact that Peter Holwev. of Taunton, 
England, 1623 (Visitation of Somersetshire, pasre 57), may have been the hus- 
band of Martha Cogan. Fos-ibly her brother Thomas Cogan may have been 
the Taunton New England settler of 1613. who died 1653 (Savage). May not 
John Barcroft of Lynn, 1632-3, mentioned by Savage under Bancroft, have been 
the person named in Philobert Cogan's will? — John Coffin Jones Brown.] 



1889.] 



Columbia College Alumni, 



311 



COLUMBIA COLLEGE ALUMNI WHO HAVE HELD 
OFFICIAL POSITIONS. 

By Richard H. Greene, A.M., of New York City. 

IN the latter part of 1746, the year New Jersey College was founded, 
the N. Y. Legislature passed au act for raising £2,250 by a public 
lottery for encouragement of learning and founding a college. In 1751 
the money was raised and Trustees appointed. A charter was finally ob- 
tained 31st Oct. 1754, a year after the Public Academy at Philadelphia. 
Large cities are literary centres; while as we have seen the others moved 
from their first location, Boston, Philadelphia and New York held the 
colleges established near them, but the original name "Kings" was natu- 
rally supplanted by " Columbia" in 1784. 

Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson (Yale, 1714) had been invited in 1753, and 
came from Stratford, Conn., in April following, and soon entered on his 
duties. Chauncey Whittelsey (Yale, 1738) was appointed his assistant, 
but he declined and William Johnson (Yale, 1743) took the place. The 
first examination for admissions was held in July, 1754, and eight were ad- 
mitted. Of the earliest graduates, 1758, three were educated at Philadel- 
phia or Princeton. 

The work was intermitted in 1770, and the College did not resume its 
functions until the close of the war, since which time it has been prosper- 
ous and honored. 



Class. 



Vice-President U.S. 



1795 Daniel D. Tompkins, two terms, 1817-25. • 

National and Cabinet Officers. 

1764 John Jay, Secretary oi Foreign Affairs. 

1765 R. JR. Livingston, " " " 

1774 Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury. 

1827 Hamilton Fish, " " State. 

1764 John Jay, Chief Justice U. S. 

1837 Samuel Biatchford, Associate Justice U. S. 



U.S. 

1764 John Jay, 

1765 R, R. Livingston, 
1768 Gouverneur Morris, 
1790 John Graham, 
1808 P. D. Vroom, Jr., 

1810 John Slidell, 

1811 P. V. B. Livingston, 
1818 TV. B. Lawrence, 

1826 Charles E. Anderson, 

1827 Hamilton Fish, 
1827 Henry Ledvard, 

1830 Henrv Cruse Murphv, 

1831 John L. O'Suilivan, 
1836 John Jay. 

1867 Nicholas Fish, 

1871 O. S. Straus, 



Envoys and Ministers. 
Minister to Spain, Envoy to Great Britain. 
" France. 

" Portugal. "* 

Envoy to Prussia. 
Minister to Mexico and Central America. 

" Ecuador. 
Charge d' Affaires, London. 

" " Paris. 

Plenipotentiary to Great Britain. 
Charge d'Affuires, Paris. 
Minister to Hairue. 
Portugal. 
" Plenipotentiary to Austria. 
" Belgium. 

Turkey. 16 






. 






312 



Columbia College Al 



umni. 



[July, 



1763 
1786 



Gouverneur Moms. 
De Witt Clinton. 



U. S. Senators. 

1810 John Siidcll. 
1827 Hamilton Fish. 



Delegates and Members oe Congress. 



1764 John Jay. 
1705 Egbert Benson. 

1765 R. R. Livingston. 

1763 Gouverneur Morris. 

1771 Alexander Hamilton. 

1783 James Cochran, 

1780 John F. Van Xcss. 

1792 Jotham Post, Jr. 

1793 James Parker. 

1793 George Clinton, Jr. 

1794 Cyrus Kins:. 

1795 D. D. Tompkins. 
1795 Rensselaer Westerlo. 

1797 George William Clinton. 

1798 Rudolph Banner. 
1801 Gulian Verplauck. 
1803 Gonverncur Kemble. 
1805 E. H. Pendleton. 
1803 Henry H. Ross, 
1808 P. D. Vroom, Jr. 



1809 John Fine. 

1810 John Slidell. 

1811 Charles G. Ferris. 

1811 William Hdgan. 

1812 Ogden Hoffman. 

1813 N. G. Pendleton. 
1815 James John Roosevelt. 

1824 William Duer. 

1825 John McKeon. 
1S27 Hamilton Fish. 
1827 J. H. H. Hawes. 
1830 II. C. Murphy. 
1830 Henry Nicoll. 

1834 Isaac C. Delaplaine. 

1835 John R. R. Thnrman. 
1842 Abram S. Hewitt. 
1847 John W. Chattier, 
1854 Stewart L. Woodford. 
187G Philip H. Dugro. 



39 



U. S. Judiciary. 
1765 Egbert Benson, Circ. N. Y. 1837 S. Blatchford. Circ. & D. X. Y. 

1774 Robert Troup, Dist. X. Y. 1840 Ogden Hoffman. Jr., Dist, Cal. 

1797 W. P. Van Ness, Dist. N. Y. 1863 Emile H. Laeonib, Circ. X. Y. 

6 



175S 
1764 
1765 
1766 
1793 

1795 

1798 
1799 
1810 



1789 
1793 

1802 
1804 
1808 



GOVERNORS. 



1764 John Jav, N. Y. 

1786 De Witt Clinton, N. Y. 

1795 D. D. Tompkins, X. Y. 



1803 P. D. Vroom, Jr., N. J. 
1818 W. B. Lawrence, R. I. 
1827 Hamilton Fish. K. Y. 



6 



Judges of the highest 

Isaac Ogden, Supr. Can. 1815 

John Jav, Chf. Suprm. X. Y. 1815 

Egbert Benson, Supr. N. Y. 1817 

R. R. Livingston, Chanc. X. Y. 1820 

Samuel Jones, Chf. Supr. and 1825 

Chanc. N. Y. 1849 

D. D. Tompkins, Snpr. X. Y. 1841 

P. D. Vroom, Jr., Chanc. X. J. 18-15 

David M. Hoffman, Supr. X. Y. 18€3 

Robert Emmet, Supr. X. Y. 1876 



State Courts. 
John L. Mason, Supr. X. Y. 
J. J. Roosevelt. Suprm. X. Y. 
Daniel P. Ingraham, Supr. X. Y. 
William Mitchell. Supr. X. Y. 
A. L. Robertson. Chf. Supr. X. Y. 
A. C Monson. Snpr. Cal. 
J. Emott, Jr., Supr. & App. X. Y. 
Samuel T. Jones, Supr. X. Y. 
R. B. Canfield. Supr. Cal. 
Philip H. Dugro, Snpr. X. Y. 
19 



College Presidents. 



John M. Mason. Dickin. 1808 

Philip Milledoler, Rutg. 1816 

X. F. Moore, Columb. 1831 

John Watts, Jr., P. & S., N. Y. 1851 
Timothy Clowes, Wash. Md. 



Henry Vethake, Wash. Va. 
Isaac Ferris, X. Y. U. 
Robert Emory, Dickin. 
James De Koven, Rac. Wis. 



Resume. 

Vice-Presidents U. S., two terms. 1. IT. S. Cabinet Officers. 4. Chief aud 
Associate Justices U. S.. 2. U. S. Senators. 4. U. S. Ministers. 16. Con- 
gressmen. 39. U. S. Judges. 6. State Judges, 19. Governors, 6. College 
Presidents, 9. 



1889.] Ellenj Family. 313 



ELLERY FAMILY. 

By Miss Mary K. Talcott, of Hartford, Ct. 

WillTAM 1 Ellery, of Gloucester, Mass., whose first appearance in 
Gloucester is at the time of his marriage to Hannah, daughter of William 
Vinson, Oct. 8, 16(33; freeman, 1072; Selectman several years, representa- 
tive, 1(589. His tirst wife died Dec. 24, 1G75, and he married 2d, June 13, 
1G76, Mary, daughter of John and Mary (Stevens) Coit, born June 4, 
1G55. He died Dec. 9, 169G. The place where he lived was long called 
Ellery's Cove. Children : 

i. William, 8 b. 1CG1; d. yonmj. 

ii. Hanxati, b. 1GG7; m. 1st, Job Coit; 2d, William Carde. 

iii. Benjamin, b. IGii'J; settled in Rhode Island; the ancestor of Wil- 
liam Ellery, the feigner of the Declaration of Independence, and of 
the Rev. William Ellery Chaiming, D.D. 

iv. Susanna, b. 1C73: m. John Harris; d. Jan. 15. 1705. 

v. MaTvY, b. 1G77; m, 1G03, Samuel Stevens, of Gloucester. 

vi. Abigail, b. 1G70 ; m. Capt. John Prince. 

2. vii. John, b. June 25, 1081. 

viii. Nathaniel, b. 1CS3 ; lived in Gloucester. 

ix. Jemima, b. 1GSG. 

x. Elinor, b. 1G88. 

xL Elinor, b. 1G91. 

xii. William, b. 1GD4; lived in Gloucester; d. Sept. 20, 1771. 

xiii. Depend ance (son;, bora 1G9G; lived in Gloucester; d. ab. 1761. 

2. John 2 Ellery (IViiliam 1 ), of Boston; born in Gloucester, June 25, 
1G81; apparently settled in Rhode Island for a time, as he was 
living in Newport, in March, 1708, and then styled himself •'mari- 
ner." He married, in Bostou, August 30, 1710, Jane, daughter of 
Capt. John Bonner, b. May 2, 1691. Thomas Hutchinson and 
Sarah, his wife, convey, Dec. 23, 1724, to John Ellery, mariner, land 
and dwelling-house, in Boston, " on the Street leading to the Common 
or Training-field." He died July, 17-12, his wife having died before 
him, in 1739. His will is dated Dec. 11, 1741, admitted to probate 
July 31, 1742. He mentions "his dear wife deceased," his "Hon- 
oured Mother,'* Mrs. Mary Ellery, of Gloucester, widow — ' ; Kins- 
woman Mary Ellery, dau r of my Brother William who hath lived 
with me for these Ten years past " — " well-Beloved son, John El- 
lery, of Hartford, Merchant'' — the latter to have the whole proper- 
ty, legacies being paid. Also gives his negro man-servant, Gloces- 
ter, his freedom after seven years from his decease. Children : 

3. i. John, 3 b. in Boston, Feb. 11), 1712. 

ii. William, b. in Boston. April 7, 171G. (Probablv d. young.) 

iii. Mary, b. in Boston, Jan. 1, 1717-13 ; d. Sept. 15*, 1721. 

iv. Nathaniel, b. in Boston. Am*. 1, 1720; d. Oct. 17, 1721. 

v. Jane, b. in Boston, Oct. 20, 1727; d. June 8. 1728. 

S. John 3 Ellery (John, 2 William 1 ), of Hartford, born in Boston, Feb. 19, 
1712; married 1st, Nov. 20, 1735, in Boston, Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Ruck, Esq. ; 2d, in Hartford, July 23, 1737, Mary, daughter 
of John and Mary (Stanley) Austin. Apparently he lived in Boston 
for a time after his second marriage ; called " of Boston " in the will 
of John Austin, 1741-2 ; evidently he came to Hartford soon after 

VOL. XLIH. 27* 



311 Eilery Family. [July, 

tli.it time. Ke died in Hartford, Nov. 14, 1740. His will is dated 
Sept. 5, 1744. The legacies are numerous: "to the South Church 
in Hartford my largest Silver Tankard which was formerly my late 
Hon d Fathers Capt. John Ellery of Boston Deceased for the use of 
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper"' — " to the North Church in 
Hartford £30 to be laid out in the purchase of silver for the use of 
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper" — to Harvard College £150 
for the use of poor students — to Yale College £100. " to be used 
towards maintaining needy students designed for the ministry" — to 
the poor Indians under the care of Rev. Mr. Sergent, at Houston- 
nock, Sheffield, £120, "in books, clothing, goods, or trading stock" 
— to his honored uncle Capt. John Bonner, of Boston, " £50 to put 
himself in mourning " — to honored uncle Joseph Clark, of Boston, 
£20 — for the benefit of poor, pious and faithful ministers in Con- 
necticut, £250 in books, clothing, &c. — to Mr. Samuel Grant, of 
Bostou, Shopkeeper, Mr. Samuel Savage, of Boston, Merchant, and 
Mr. John Welch, of Boston, Carver, £200, to be disposed of in 
pious and charitable uses as they should think would most redound 
to the glory of God — to the poor of the town of Hartford, £50 — he 
says that by the death of his late honored grandmother, Mrs. Mary 
Ellery, of " Glocester," he has something coming to him, and 
leaves it to be disposed of by his "honored uncles, Capt. Nathaniel 
Ellery, and Capt. William Ellery, of Gloucester, "for the benefit of 
his poor Relatives in or about Gloucester," — orders his Negro Man 
Servant Glocester to be manumitted, July 19, 1749, agreeable to 
the will of his deceased Father, Capt. John Ellery, whose servant 
he formerly was, and gives him £20. Mentions wife Mary, and 
children ; gives his eldest son no more than the others, because his 
grandfather, John Austin, gave him more than he gave the others. 
A distribution of this estate was made April 1, 1767, to the follow- 
ing : to the Heirs of Mr. John Ellery, son of the above mentioned 
Mr. John Ellery, deceased — to William Ellery, son of the above 
mentioned Mr. John Ellery, deceased — to Jane Ellery, daughter of 
the first mentioned Mr. John Ellery, deceased. Children: 

4. i. John, 4 b. April 17, 173$. 

5. ii. William, b. May 8, 1740. 

iii. Mary, b. April 28, 1742 : probably d. young. 

iv. Thomas, b. , 1743 ; d. at the age of six weeks. 

v. J'axe, b. Dec. 1745; d. unmarried, Aug. 23, 1737, in Hartford; 

administration granted on the estate of ^Jane Ellery, June 23, 1789, 

to William Ellery and Joseph Hart. 

His widow, Mary, married 2d, John Ledyard, of Hartford, as his 
second wife, and had five children. She was buried, Nov. 25, 
1797, aged 82. 

4. John 4 Ellery (John, 3 John, 2 William 1 ), of Hartford, bora April 17, 
1738; Yale College 1758; married, Nov. 27, 1760, Eunice, daughter 
of Capt. Nathaniel and Eunice (Talcott) Hooker, of Hartford. He 
died April 14, 1764, aged 26. His widow, Eunice, died July 8, 
1800, aged 60. John Ellery mentions in his will, his wife, daughter 
Eunice, Brother William. Brother Ledyard, Sisters Jane, Abigail, 
Lacy, Lucretia and Anna; elate April 7, 1764. Children: 

i. Eunice,* b. Aug. 23, 1762; m. July 1, 1784, Joseph Hart, of Hart- 



1889.] Letters of Roger Williams. 315 

ford, b. Jan. 13, 17.m. .son of Rev. William Hart, of Saybrook. Ho 
was engaged in mercantile business in Hartford, from IjBo to 1800, 
in the West India trade with his brother. Gen. William Hart. He 
became embarrassed, left the country, and was lost at sea in isio. 
She d. iu Hartford, Oct. 25, 1813, aged 50. They had seven children. 

5. William 4 Ellert (John* John, 2 William 1 ), of Hartford, born May 
8, 1740; married 1st, Nov. 20, 17G1. Susanna Keith, baptized Jan. 
13, 1739-40, daughter of Capt. William and Marian (Lawrence) 
Keith, of Hartford. She died June 22, 1768, in New Hartford, 
Ct., while on a visit to her mother, who had married, 2d. Rev. Jona- 
than Marsh. He married 2d, Experience Ledyard, daughter of 
his step-father, John Ledyard. and his first wife, Deborah Young, 
baptized April 5, 1747; she died March 25, 1773, aged 2o. He 
married 3d, Hannah Marsh, daughter of Rev. Jonathan Marsh, of 
New Hartford, who had been the wife of Caleb Watson. She was 
born March 18, 1761. 
He was a merchant on a large scale, both before and after the Revolu- 
tion, arid iu 1776 his "Great Store" was on the river bank, near 
the foot of the present Potter St. He was appointed postmaster 
by Franklin in 1775, but had held the office for seven or eight years 
before. He died Aug. 27, 1812, aged 72. His widow, Hannah, 
died January 15, 1838, aged 76. Children: 

i. Mary,* b. June 15, 1702; d. Aug. 21, 1731, aged 19. 

ii. Susannah, b. Oct. 25, 1703; m. 1st, Edward Blagg, of New York: 

2d, Dr. Joseph Edwards, of TVatertown. Conn. 
iii. Jaxe, b. April 24, 1766; in. June 19, 1S04, Major Henry Seymour, 

of Hartford, son of Hon. Thomas and Mary (Ledyard) Seymour; 

he d. May 13, 18-10, aged 82: she d. Oct. 15, 1851. They were the 

parents of Col. Thomas IT. Seymour, Governor of Connecticut 

and U. S. Minister to Russia. 



LETTERS OF ROGER WILLIAMS. 

Communicated by George Alan Lowndes, Esq., of Barrington Hall, Hatfield Broad 

Oak, England. 

[After the greater portion of the Gleanings of Mr. Waters re- 
lating to the Williams family in this number was in type, I received 
a letter from him calling my attention to two letters by a Roger 
Williams in the collection of Mr. Lowndes, of Barrington Hall, as 
reported by the Historical Manuscripts Commission in their Seventh 
Report (Appendix, page 546). Mr. Waters suggested that these 
might be by our Roger Williams, and by his advice I procured a 
tracing of Williams's autograph which I sent to Mr. Lowndes, 
asking him to compare it with the signatures in the letters in his 
collection, and if he thought them to be by the same person, I 
solicited him to furnish copies for printing in the REGISTER. Mr. 
Lowndes sent me a transcript of the letters, which are here printed. 
The transcript was accompanied by the following letter : 



31J5 Letters of Roger Williams. \jhbjt 

Barrixgton Hall, 
Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, 
June 13, 1S89. 
Dear Sir: 

I have had great pleasure in complying with your request. I 
have compared the writing of Roger Williams with the copy you sent, and 
also shown them to an expert, who agrees with me that they are identical. 

I enclose you copies of the letters. Mr. Williams, at the time of writ- 
ing them, was chaplain to Sir William Masham, of Otes, in the parish of 
High Layer, Essex (where the second letter is dated from). Sir William 
was the ancestor of Mrs. Masham's husband, who played such a prominent 
part in the reign of our Queen Anne. Locke, the philosopher, died at Ores. 
and is buried in High Layer Churchyard. I think it very doubtful whether 
Roger Williams ever held church preferment in this country (although he 
mentions in his letter to Lady Barrington that he had had the offer of 
two livings). Probably his disappointment in love was one of the causes 
of his emigration. 

There is no doubt he proposed to a niece of Lady Barrington, as suggest- 
ed by his first (undated) letter, and the refusal brought the second, which 
very much offended Lady Barrington. 

Trusting this information is what you require, and if I can answer any 
further inquiries you may make, I shall be very pleased to do so. 

Believe me, dear sir, 

Yours faithfully, 

J. Ward Dean, Esq. G. Alan Lowndes. 

I think the readers of the Register will aoree with me that the 
internal evidence is in favor of the letters being written by the 
founder of Rhode Island. This, added to the identity of the hand- 
writing, I consider conclusive. The letters did not reach me till 
after Mr. "Waters's article was made up, but fortunately I am able 
to print them in the same number. They will be welcomed as a 
very important discovery. They give us positive information con- 
cerning a portion of the life of Roger Williams of which very little 
has hitherto been known, and they open the way to future re- 
searches . — Editor . ] 

[Without date, written before next letter dated May 2, 1629.] 

To his honorable 
good ladie 
Y e Lady 

Barrington at 
Hatfield Priorie 
these 
Madam 

Your Ladcliship may wonder at this unwonted absence ! & also aske 
what meanes this Paper deputie ! Give me leaue (deare Madame) to say 
with David, to his brothers in y e field: is there not a cause? A just 
happily a knowne & open cause, I am sure to yo r Lady sh (who as an Angell 
of God discerneth wisely) a known & open cause. 

Many & often speeches haue long fluttered or Houne abroad concerning 



I >'.: 












1889.] Letters of Roger Williams. 317 

your Ladiships neere kinswoman & my unworthy selfe. What little care 
I baue given that may (further then I haue barkened after your Ladiships 
mind) all that know me here doe know. Yet like a rowling snow ball or 
some flouiug streame y c report extends & authors stronger & stronger 
which causes me this day to stand behind the Hangings & will not be seen 
any way countenancing so great a busiuea w ch happily may want strength 
to bring it forth to see the light. It is y e command of y e God of wisdome 
by y 1 wise King Salomon Establish thv thoughts by councell. I presume 
therefore to consult (as most of right I acknowledge I ought) with y e 
soonest with y r Ladiship, especially considering her loving & strong affec- 
tion together with y e report as story abroad. 

Good Madame may it please you then to take notice. I acknowledge 
my selfe altogeather unworthy & unmeete for such a proposition. The 
neerenes of her blood to y r Ladiship & godly flourishing branches hath 
forc't me to confesse her Portion, in y* regard, to be beyond compare in- 
valuable. Yet many feares have much possest me Louge I have to discover 
y* sinceritie & Godlines which makes y e Lord himselfe to like his Creature 
& must make me if ever I have receiued some good Testimonials from 
mine own experience more from others not the least from yo'good Ladiships 
selfe. Objections have come in about her spirit, much accused for passion- 
ate & hastie, rash & uncoustant, other feares about her present condition it 
being some Indecorum for her to condescend to my low Ebb there I some 
what stick : but were all this cleared, there is one barr not likely to be broken 
& y* is the present- Estate of us both. That portion it hath pleased God 
to allot her (as I heare) is not for present & happily as things stand now 
in England shall never be by us enjoyed. For my own part It is well 
knoune (though I would gladly conseale my selfe) Now a gracious God & 
tender conscience (as Balak said to Balaam) hath kept me back from honour 
and preferment Besides many former offers & y' late New England call, I 
have since had 2 several] livings proferred to me each of them 100£ per 
annum; but as things yet stand among us I see not how any meanes <Sc I 
shall meet y f way. Nor doe I seeke nor shall I be draune on any tearmes 
to part (even to my last parting) from Oates so long as any competencie 
can be raised or libertie affborded. I shall impart the utmost to your 
Ladiship (more punctually than ever yet to any) : beside this meanes I now 
from- hence enjoy little there is yet I can call mine. After the death of 
an aged loving mother amongst some other Children I may expect (though 
for the present she be close & will not promise) some 20£ or 20 marks per 
annum. At hand undisposed of I have some 7 score pieces & a little (yet 
costlie) studie of bookes. Thus posessing all things I have nothing, yet 
more than God owes me, or then my blessed Saviour had himselfe. 

Poore yet as I am I have some few offers at present one put into my 
hand, person & present portion worthy. Yet stand they still at dore & 
shall until the fairest end y e Lord shall please to give to this shall come to 
light. I have been told to open to your Ladiship the whole Auatomie of 
this busines. To wron;^ your precious name and answer her kind love with 
want would be like srali to all the honey of my life, & marr my marriage 
joys. The kind affection of your deare Ladiship & worthy niece is of 
better merit and desert. I shall add for the present I know none in the 
world I more affect & (had y e Lord been pleased to say amen in those 
other regards) should doubties haue fuily answered (if not exceeded) her 
affection. 

But I have learned another Lesson to still my soule as a weaned childe 



318 Letters of lloger Williams. [July? 

& give offence to none. I have learn'd to keepe my studie and pray to y e 
God of heaven (as oft as I doe pray) for the everlasting peace and well 
fare of your kind Ladiship, whose souie & comfort is in y e number of my 
greatist cares. The Lord that hath caried you from the wombe to gray 
haires crown those gray haires by making your last dayes (like y e close of 
some sweet harmonie) your rest fruitfull (like Sarah) in old age : out 
shining all those starrs y £ shine about you: going downe in Peace, rising 
in Glory in the armes of yo r dearest Saviour. To w ch everlasting armes he 
often commits your Souie & yours, who is 

y e unworthiest (though faythfull) of all y l truely serve & honour you. 

Roger Willabis. 






To his honorable good 

Lady y e Lady Barring- 
ton at Hatfield 

these 

Otes May 2 d 1629 
Madame 

I am forc't (with y e Seaman} for want of a full gale to make use of a 
side wind & salute your Ladiship by another, being for a time shut out my 
selfe I doubt not but your good wisdome & loue haue fairely interpreted 
my carriage in y e late treatie, & I allso trust, quieted & still'd the loving 
affections of your worthy niece. We hope to live togeatber in the heavens 
though y e Lord have denied that union on Earth. Dear Madame, Let me 
beg your christian Pardon if I shall acquaint your Ladiship with a busines 
of more waight & consequence & much neerer concerning your selfe. I 
beseech you to reade no further before you resolve to pardon & take with 
the right hand of love, from the Lord himselfe, a message sent by me, 
his unworthy Servant. A better hand might better pen it, A better heart 
more tender of your peace & everlasting good, none y* know you (if I can) 
shall carrie toward you. 

What I shall now expresse to your Ladiship hath long lyen like 
fire in my bones Jer 20: 9. I said I should not make mention of his name 
in this kind to you but his word was in my heart as A burning fire shut up 
in my bones & I was weary with forbearing & 1 could not stay. 

Good Madame it is not for nothing, y* y e God of Heaven hath sent such 
thunderclaps of late and made such great offers at the dore of your Ladi- 
ships heart. Distractions about children & their afflictions; deprivall of a 
deare & tender yoake fellow, weaknesses of the outward & troubles in the 
inward man, what are they but loud alarums to awake you? 

The father of lights be pleased himselfe to show you the interpretation 
of these dreams, certainly (Madame) y e Lord hath a quarrell against you. 
Woe unto me if I hold my peace & hide y' from you, which may seeme 
bitter at present, it may be sweeter than hony at the latter end. Incour- 
agement to be naked & plaine your Ladiship was pleased to give me at 
Otes. If ever (deare Madame) when there is but the breadth of a few gray 
haires betwene you & your everlasting home let me deaie uprightly with you. 

I know not one professor amongst all I know whose truth and faythfull- 
Dess to Jesus Christ is more suspected, doubted, feared, by all or most of 
those y l know the Lord. 

Woe to me if I shall conceale what great thoughts of heart the Lord 
suffers yet to be & breake forth in his dearest Saincts about you. And yet 



1889.] Letters of Roger Williams. 319 

no hand in this is with me, The God of Heaven & your deare Self only 
know these secret lines. It hath almost astonish C me (& T trust will deep- 
ly affect your Ladiship) y t not only inferiour Christians but ministers, 
eagle eyed, faithfull & observant to your Ladiship; after so many yeares of 
God's patience towards you so lone profession, such helpes, meanes incom- 
parable should yet be driuen to sigh, to say little, to suspend their Judg- 
ments, to hope but feare & doubt. 

I know (deare Madame) your heart is full at these relations, I beseech 
you (as David said) on me let your thoughts & the burthen fall, but what 
have these sheepe done? when 2 or 3 or few are excepted: y* names of 
so great a number may well be spared. 

Three things especially have I often gathered from them. First, feares 
are y* the world hath ehoakt those blessed Seeds f- have been soune & keepes • 
the fruite from true perfection. 2' 4d: - v a strangenes from the faithfull in 
spiritual) societie : This is the fayrest evidence of Adoption. If this Pin 
breakes all falls. & 3 d a stand or stay in the waves of holynes young plants 
of yesterday giving fairer testimonies of greater fruitfulnes. 

Deare Madame I beseech you by all those multitudes of tender motherly 
mercies y* are in God & exprest to you : by y f inconceavable patience of 
the Lord toward you : by y e bowelis and blood of y e Lord Jesus by all 
those sweet cords of love, whereby the blessed Spirit of God hath striven 
to draw you make a stand and spread my letter (as Hezekiah) before y° 
Lord in secret. 

If ever (good Madame) cry hard & y e Lord help me to cry for you. Let 
these 2 peticions Psal. 51. 11 & 71. 9 be cleare to you. Rememb : I be- 
seech you Revel 2. 2. 3 y e Church of Ephesus was much esteemed by God, 
for her works, her labour, her patience her not bearing with those y* were 
Evill, for y* she had borne, & for his sake laboured, and not fainted & yet 
angry was he & he had something against her : & it was because she had 
left her first love. The Lord establish my hope for I hope it may be but 
so with your Ladiship only I beseech you to lay to heart these few con- 
siderations. 

1. First Job 34. 9 [Qu. 19?]. He with whome wedeale exceptethnotthe 
persons of princes nor regardeth the rich more than the poore for they 
are all the worcke of his hands. 

2. When birth greater, maintenance, more ample time longer and means 
of grace more plentifull, then a great account of the Lord is expected. 
Luc 12. 

3. The Lord will doe what he will with his owne. He owes you no 
mercy. 

Exod 33. 19. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious & I will 
shew mercy to whome I will shew mercy. 

4. Call to mind what a cutt, what a gnawing worme it will be (y e Lord, 
y € Lord forbid it) if ever you cast up your eye toward heaven, & see so 
many blessed branches in the bosome of Christ & y r stock rejected. 

5. Slight not I beseech you all these late loud alarums & sharp files with 
which y e lord hath striven to burnish you Ezech 24. 

6. Remember I beseech you your candle is twinkling & glasse neare run 
y° Lord only knows how few minutes are left behind. Psal 9<5. 10. 
Fourtie yeares was I grieved, then I swore in my wrath they should never 
enter into my rest. No heart but a trembling heart can get assurance 
y e Lord hath not sworne : to y* heart he hath sworne to be gracious. 
In y* Petition my soule follows hard after him & still will I wrastle untill 



320 The Hassam Family. [July, 

you say, a blessing is come, a blessing of a heart softened & trembling of 
a Soule gasping after Jesus Christ. A blessing of Joye refreshing to the 
faythfull & to him who is ever 

Your Ladiships most faythfull and 
truly ob servant 

Roger Williams. 

Note by the Editor. — These letters have an important bearing upon the 
question of the parentage of Rev. Roger Williams discussed in Waters